John Adams Building


The John Adams Building is the second oldest of the four buildings of the Library of Congress of the United States. It is named for John Adams, the second president, who signed the law creating the Library of Congress. The building is in the Capitol Hill district of Washington D.C. next to the Library's main building (the Thomas Jefferson Building). It opened to the public on January 3, 1939, and was long known as The Annex building. The annex was built in a restrained but very detailed Art Deco style and faced in white Georgia marble. It is located on Second Street SE between Independence Avenue (Washington D.C.), Independence Avenue and East Capitol Street in Washington, DC.


The idea to construct a new library building was presented to the United States Congress in 1928 at the urging of Librarian of Congress Herbert Putnam. The bill was sponsored by United States House of Representatives, U.S. Representative Robert Luce, chairman of the United States Congress Joint Committee on the Library, House Committee on the Library. On June 13, 1930, $6.5 million was appropriated for the building's construction, for a tunnel connecting it to the Main Building, and for changes in the east front of the Main Building, including the construction of a Rare Book Room. An additional appropriation approved on June 6, 1935, brought the total authorization to $8,226,457. Architect of the Capitol David Lynn took charge of the project and commissioned the Washington, D.C. architectural firm of Pierson & Wilson to design the building, with Alexander Buel Trowbridge as consulting architect. The contract stipulated completion by June 24, 1938, but the building was not ready for occupancy until December 2, 1938. The move of the Card Division started on December 12, and it opened to the public in the new building on January 3, 1939. The building is five stories in height above ground, with the fifth story set back . It contains of shelving (compared to in the Jefferson Building) and can hold ten million volumes. There are 12 tiers of stacks, extending from the cellar to the fourth floor. Each tier provides about of shelf space. On April 13, 1976, in a ceremony at the Jefferson Memorial marking the birthday of Thomas Jefferson, President of the United States, President Gerald Ford signed into law the act to change the name of the Library of Congress Building to the Library of Congress Thomas Jefferson Building. On June 13, 1980, the Adams building acquired its present name, which honors John Adams, the former President of the United States who in 1800 approved the law establishing the Library of Congress. The building is faced in white Georgia (U.S. state), Georgia marble and incorporated the use of new materials at the time such as acoustical block, Formica (plastic), formica, Pigmented structural glass, vitrolite, and glass tubing.

Bronze entrance doors by Lee Lawrie

Commemorating the history of the written word, artist Lee Lawrie sculpted figures into the bronze doors at the west (Second Street) and east (Third Street) entrances. The figures—all deities or culture heroes associated with writing—are: * Hermes, the messenger of the gods * Odin, a Norse/Germanic god and creator of the runic alphabet * Ogma, the Irish god who invented the Gaelic alphabet * Itzamna, a Mayan god of writing * Quetzalcoatl, the Aztec god of writing * Sequoyah, a Native American who defined Cherokee syllabary * Thoth, the Egyptian god of knowledge, serving as the divine scribe * Cangjie, the legendary inventor of Chinese writing * Nabu, an Akkadian god of writing * Brahma, the Hindu god of creation, who is associated with Vedas, Vedic knowledge * Cadmus, the Greek sower of dragon's teeth, and importer of the Phoenician alphabet * Tahmurath, a Persian hero The entries to the John Adams Building were modified in 2013 with the addition of code-compliant, sculpted glass doors that mirror the original bronze door sculptures by Lee Lawrie. The original doors are set in a "hold-open" position within each entryway, flanking the new monumental doors made by the Washington Glass Studio and Fireart Glass. The south entrance doors (not currently used) facing Independence Avenue are reached by a stairway decorated with stylized owls and lamps. On the doors are a male figure representing physical labor and a female figure representing intellectual labor. Before it moved to newer quarters, this was the entrance for the United States Copyright Office, which is under the jurisdiction of the Librarian of Congress.

See also

*James Madison Memorial Building *Thomas Jefferson Building *National Audio-Visual Conservation Center


External links

"On These Walls"
Library of Congress website {{coord, 38.8885, -77.0027, display=title, type:landmark_region:US-DC Library of Congress Capitol Hill Buildings of the United States government in Washington, D.C. Library buildings completed in 1939 Government buildings completed in 1939 PWA Moderne architecture Stripped Classical architecture in the United States 1939 establishments in Washington, D.C.