A job, or occupation, is a person's role in society. More specifically, a job is an activity, often regular and often performed in exchange for payment ("for a living"). Many people have multiple jobs (e.g., parent, homemaker, and employee). A person can begin a job by becoming an employee, volunteering, starting a business, or becoming a parent. The duration of a job may range from temporary (e.g., hourly odd jobs) to a lifetime (e.g., judges). An activity that requires a person's mental or physical effort is work (as in "a day's work"). If a person is trained for a certain type of job, they may have a profession. Typically, a job would be a subset of someone's career. The two may differ in that one usually retires from their career, versus resignation or termination from a job.
1 Jobs for people 2 Types of jobs
2.1 Day job 2.2 Getting a job 2.3 Use of the word
3 Occupation and life expectancy 4 See also 5 References
5.1 Citations 5.2 Sources
6 External links
Jobs for people
Most people spend up to forty or more hours each week in paid
employment. Some exceptions are children, retirees, and people with
disabilities; However, within these groups, many will work part-time,
volunteer, or work as a homemaker. From the age of 5 or so, many
children's primary role in society(and therefore their 'job') is to
learn and study as a student.
Types of jobs
Jobs can be categorized, by the hours per week, into full time or part
time. They can be categorized as temporary, odd jobs, seasonal,
self-employment, consulting, or contract employment.
Jobs can be categorized as paid or unpaid. Examples of unpaid jobs
include volunteer, homemaker, mentor, student, and sometimes intern.
Jobs can be categorized by the level of experience required: entry
level, intern, and co-op.
Some jobs require specific training or an academic degree.
Those without paid full-time employment may be categorized as
unemployed or underemployed if they are seeking a full-time paid job.
Moonlighting is the practice of holding an additional job or jobs,
often at night, in addition to one's main job, usually to earn extra
income. A person who moonlights may have little time left for sleep or
Office for National Statistics
^ "FOI Request: List of all the occupations noted in the UK". Office for National Statistics. The Crown. 2015. Retrieved December 6, 2015. ^ Correspondent, Sarah Womack, Social Affairs (24 October 2007). "Why accountants live longer than builders" – via www.telegraph.co.uk. ^ https://www.metlife.com/assets/cao/mmi/publications/studies/mmi-living-longer-working-longer.pdf ^ "The Most Stressful Jobs of 2014". CareerCast.com. ^ "5 Jobs Proven to Make You Live Longer". ^ Lees, John (11 November 2014). "Personality test: what job would make you happiest?". the Guardian. ^ "Whistling While You Work: The 10 Most Satisfying Careers". CareerCast.com. ^ "How long will YOU live? Startling map reveals dramatic differences in life expectancy across the globe (and why you should move to Monaco)". ^ "Find out how your gender and job may affect your life expectancy". the Guardian. 21 October 2015. ^ Veronese, Keith. "Jobs That Kill: What is the deadliest profession?".
Davis, Steven; Haltiwanger, John; Schuh, Scott (1998),
External links Media related to Jobs at Wikimedia Commons
v t e
Co-op Employee Employer Internship Job Permanent Permatemp Supervisor Volunteer
Blue-collar Gold-collar Green-collar Grey-collar Pink-collar White-collar
Career and training
Continuing education Continuing professional development E-learning Employability Further education Graduate school Induction training Initial Professional Development Knowledge worker Licensure Lifelong learning Practice-based professional learning Professional association Professional certification Professional development Professional school Reflective practice Retraining Vocational education Vocational school Vocational university
Mentorship Occupational Outlook Handbook Practice firm Profession Tradesman Vocation
Break Career break Furlough Gap year Leave of absence Long service leave No call, no show Sabbatical Sick leave Time clock
Four-day week Eight-hour day Flextime Overtime Retroactive overtime Shift work Telecommuting Working time Workweek and weekend
Wages and salaries
Income bracket Income tax Living wage Maximum wage National average salary
Canada Hong Kong Europe United States
Safety and health
Epilepsy and employment Human factors and ergonomics Industrial noise Karōshi Protective clothing Occupational burnout Occupational disease Occupational exposure limit Occupational health psychology Occupational injury Occupational stress Repetitive strain injury Sick building syndrome Work accident
Workers' compensation Workplace phobia Workplace wellness
Affirmative action Equal pay for women Gender pay gap Glass ceiling
Accounting scandals Corporate behaviour Corporate crime Control fraud Corporate scandals
Workaholic Work aversion Work ethic Work–life balance
Downshifting (lifestyle) Slow living
At-will employment Dismissal
Banishment room Constructive dismissal Wrongful dismissal
Letter of resignation
Golden handshake Golden parachute
Barriers to Employment Depression
Great Depression Long Depression
Discouraged worker Frictional unemployment Full employment Graduate unemployment Involuntary unemployment Jobless recovery Phillips curve Recession
Reserve army of labour
Types of unemployment
See also templates
Aspects of corporations Aspects of jobs Aspects of occupations Aspects of organizations Aspects of workplaces Corporate titles Organized labor
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Aspects of jobs
Analysis Attitude Control Description Description management Embeddedness Enlargement Enrichment Fair Fraud Hunting Interview Lock Performance Rotation Satisfaction Security Shadow Sharing Strain Wrapping
Corporation Employment Factory Job Office Organization Whistleblower
Aspects of corporations Aspects of occupations Aspects of organizations Aspects of workplaces Employment