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João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Prado Pereira de Oliveira, known as João Gilberto (Portuguese: [ˈʒoɐ̃w ʒiwˈbɛʁtu];[1] June 10, 1931), is a Brazilian singer, songwriter, and guitarist. João created the musical genre of bossa nova in the late 1950s.

Contents

1 Biography 2 Discography 3 Selected compositions 4 References 5 Sources 6 External links

Biography[edit] João Gilberto
João Gilberto
was born in Juazeiro, Bahia, Brazil. From an early age, music was a part of Gilberto's life. His grandfather bought him his first guitar at the age of 14. During high school, Gilberto teamed up with some of his classmates to form a small band. Gilberto, who led the band, was influenced by Brazilian popular songs, American jazz, and even some opera, among other genres. After trying his luck as a radio singer in Salvador, the young Gilberto was recruited in 1950 as lead singer of the vocal quintet Garotos da Lua (Moon Boys) and moved to Rio de Janeiro. A year and a half later, he was dismissed from the group for his lack of discipline (he would often show up late to rehearsals or not at all). João Gilberto's first recordings were released in Brazil
Brazil
as two-song 78-rpm singles between 1951 and 1959. In the 1960s, Brazilian singles evolved to the "double compact" format, and João would release some EPs in this new format, which carried 4 songs on a 45-rpm record. For seven years, Gilberto's career was at a low ebb. He rarely had any work, was dependent on his friends for living quarters, and fell into chronic depression. Eventually, in 1955 he was rescued from this rut by Luiz Telles, leader of the vocal group Quitandinha Serenaders, who took him to Porto Alegre
Porto Alegre
in southern Brazil. João Gilberto
João Gilberto
blossomed musically in this provincial town. He next spent eight months with his sister in Diamantina, Minas Gerais,[2] where he sequestered himself and played day and night in a little bathroom (because of the improved acoustic), forging a personal style for voice and guitar, that would come to be known as bossa nova. The first bossa nova song, titled "Bim-Bom", was written as Gilberto watched passing laundresses on the banks of the São Francisco River
São Francisco River
balance loads of clothes on their heads. Just after this time Gilberto's father, upset by João's bizarre singing style and refusal to take "normal" work, committed him to a mental hospital. In a psychological interview there, Gilberto stared out the window and remarked, “Look at the wind depilating the trees”. The psychologist replied, “But trees have no hair, João”, to which Gilberto responded, “And there are people who have no poetry”. He was released after a week. The next year (1956) he returned to Rio and struck up old acquaintances, most significantly Antônio Carlos Jobim, who was by then working as a composer, producer and arranger with Odeon Records. Jobim was impressed with Gilberto's new style of guitar playing, and set about finding a suitable song to pitch the style to Odeon management. Bossa nova
Bossa nova
("new style") is a refined version of samba, de-emphasizing the percussive aspect of its rhythm and enriching the melodic and harmonic content. Rather than relying on the traditional Afro-Brazilian percussive instruments, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
often eschews all accompaniment except his guitar, which he uses as a percussive as well as a harmonic instrument, incorporating the parts of different samba percussion instruments such as the tamborim and the surdo from a full batucada band. The singing style he developed is almost whispering, economical, and without vibrato. He creates his tempo tensions by singing ahead or behind the beat. This style, which Gilberto introduced in 1957, created a sensation in the musical circles of Rio's Zona Sul, and many young guitarists sought to imitate it. It was first heard on record in 1958 in a recording of "Chega de Saudade", a song by Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes. Gilberto had first accompanied singer Elizeth Cardoso as her guitarist in a recording of this song, explaining his vision for the new style, but Cardoso would have none of his singing advice and sung it in the standard way. But shortly after this recording, João Gilberto made his own debut single of the same song, in the new style, followed by the 1959 LP, Chega de Saudade. The Chega de Saudade turned into a hit, launching Gilberto's career and the bossa nova craze. Besides a number of Jobim compositions, the album featured older sambas and popular songs from the 1940s and 1950s, all performed in Gilberto's distinctive style. This album was followed by two more in 1960 and 1961, by which time the singer featured new songs by a younger generation of performer/composers such as Carlos Lyra
Carlos Lyra
and Roberto Menescal. By 1962, bossa nova had been embraced by North American jazz musicians such as Herbie Mann, Charlie Byrd, and Stan Getz, who invited Gilberto and Jobim to collaborate on what became one of the best-selling jazz albums of all time, Getz/Gilberto. Through this album, Gilberto's then wife Astrud—who had never sung professionally prior to this recording session[3]—became an international star, and the Jobim/de Moraes composition "The Girl from Ipanema" became a worldwide pop music standard. João Gilberto
João Gilberto
lived in the United States from 1962 until 1969, when he moved to Mexico
Mexico
for two years. There he recorded João Gilberto
João Gilberto
en México (1970). João Gilberto, aka the "White Album" (1973), featured hypnotic minimalist execution, limited to the singer, his guitar, and Sonny Carr on drums. 1976 saw the release of The Best of Two Worlds, a reunion with Stan Getz, featuring singer Miúcha, (sister of Chico Buarque), who had become Gilberto's second wife in April 1965. Amoroso (1977) backed Gilberto with the lush string orchestration of Claus Ogerman, who had provided a similar sound to Jobim's instrumental recordings in the late 1960s and early 1970s. As had been the case for all of Gilberto's albums, the album consisted mostly of Jobim compositions, mixed with older sambas and an occasional North American standard from the 1940s. João Gilberto
João Gilberto
returned to Brazil
Brazil
in 1980. The following year saw the release of Brasil, with guests Gilberto Gil
Gilberto Gil
and Caetano Veloso, who in the late 1960s had founded the Tropicalia
Tropicalia
movement, a fusion of Brazilian popular music with foreign pop. The 1991 release João, with orchestrations by Clare Fischer, was unusual in its lack of even a single Jobim composition, instead featuring songs in English, French, Italian, and Spanish, plus old sambas and the solitary contemporary song "Sampa" (Caetano Veloso). Also released in 1991 was the album Canto do Pajé by Veloso's sister Maria Bethânia, on which Bethânia and Gilberto sing an intimate medley of "Maria" (Ary Barroso/Luiz Peixoto) and "Linda Flor"' (Henrique Vogeler/Luiz Peixoto/Marques Pôrto), accompanied solely by his guitar. João Voz e Violão (2000) was an homage to the music of Gilberto's youth as well as a nod to producer Caetano Veloso. Evenly interspersed with these studio recordings have been the live recordings Live in Montreux; João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Prado Pereira de Oliveira; Eu Sei Que Vou Te Amar; Live at Umbria Jazz; and Live in Tokyo. While all of Gilberto's albums since Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
have been released on CD, the first three domestic albums were released in 1988 by EMI
EMI
on a single CD entitled The Legendary João Gilberto: The Original Bossa Nova Recordings (1958–1961). The disc also included three tracks from the singer's 1959 Orfeu Negro
Orfeu Negro
EP: "Manhã de Carnaval", O Nosso Amor, and A Felicidade, the latter two merged into a single medley track to fit within the recording time of a CD. After its release, Gilberto successfully sued to have the title removed from sale as an unauthorized release of his artistic works. João Gilberto
João Gilberto
has long had a reputation as an eccentric artist who values his privacy. He lives in an apartment in Leblon, Rio de Janeiro, and frequently shuns interviews and crowds. He has high standards for acoustics and noise control. He has been known to walk out on performances, citing reasons such as poor acoustics or audiences that interfere with the music by creating inappropriate noise. On several occasions he requested that the air conditioning be turned off at concert venues. During a recording session of the song "Rosa Morena" Gilberto insisted on 28 takes to get the pronunciation of the 'o' in "Rosa" just right.[4] His reputation for high standards for acoustics, however, did not prompt him to attend a contractually-required sound check prior to a July 2003 performance at the Hollywood Bowl in Los Angeles. This failure led to the audience streaming from the venue prior to the end of the concert.[5] He continues to perform, though rarely, to sell-out crowds in Brazil, Europe, North America, and Japan. His planned public performances in Madrid (2009) and New York City (2010) were cancelled with short notice. A 2011 mini-tour of Brazil
Brazil
was cancelled due to health reasons. He is the father of singer Bebel Gilberto
Bebel Gilberto
(Isabel), via his marriage to Miúcha. In 1997, João sued record label EMI
EMI
over a reissuing of several of his early works, which he contended were poorly remastered. According to The New York Times, "A statement by his lawyer at the time declared, that the reissues contained sound effects that 'did not pertain to the original recordings, banalizing the work of a great artist". Following the incident, EMI
EMI
ceased to manufacture the albums in question, and, as of 2008, the lawsuit is yet to reach a decision.[6] In 2000, João won the nomination for the Best World Music Album category in the 42nd Annual Grammy Awards
42nd Annual Grammy Awards
for his work in the album João Voz E Violão.[7] In 2011, João was sued and evicted from an apartment in Leblon
Leblon
by his landlord, Countess Georgina Brandolini d'Adda.[8][9] On May 17, 2017, João received an honorary doctorate in Music from Columbia University; though he himself was not present at the commencement ceremony.[10] It was reported in December 2017 that João's daughter, Bebel Gilberto, was seeking to take control of his financial affairs as he was in a poor mental state and had considerable debts. [11] Discography[edit]

Gilberto in concert, 1996

1951: Quando Você Recordar/Amar é Bom 1951: Anjo Crue/Sem Ela 1952: Quando Ela Sai/Meia Luz 1958: Chega de Saudade/Bim Bom 1958: Desafinado/Hô-bá-lá-lá 1959: Chega de Saudade 1960: O Amor, o Sorriso e a Flor 1961: João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1961 album) 1962: João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Cantando as Musicás do Filme Orfeo do Carnaval 1962: Boss of Bossa Nova 1962: Bossa Nova
Bossa Nova
at Carnegie Hall 1963: The Warm World of João Gilberto 1964: Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
with Stan Getz 1965: Herbie Mann
Herbie Mann
& João Gilberto
João Gilberto
with Antônio Carlos Jobim 1966: Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
Vol. 2 with Stan Getz 1970: João Gilberto
João Gilberto
en Mexico 1973: João Gilberto 1976: The Best of Two Worlds
The Best of Two Worlds
with Stan Getz 1976: Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
'76 with Stan Getz
Stan Getz
(released 2016) 1976: Amoroso 1977: Gilberto and Jobim 1980: João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Prado Pereira de Oliveira 1981: Brasil (with Caetano Veloso, Gilberto Gil
Gilberto Gil
and Maria Bethânia) 1985: Interpreta Tom Jobim 1985: Meditação (album)Meditação 1986: Live in Montreux 1987: Live in Montreux 1988: O Mito 1990: Stan Getz
Stan Getz
meets João & Astrud Gilberto 1991: João 1994: Eu Sei que Vou Te Amar 2000: João Voz e Violão 2002: Live at Umbria Jazz 2004: In Tokyo 2007: For Tokyo - edited only in Japan 2015: Um encontro no Au bon gourmet

-João Gilberto's first five records released from 1951-1958 were all 78 rpm single editions. -The album João Gilberto
João Gilberto
released in 1970 is the same version as João Gilberto
João Gilberto
en Mexico
Mexico
in the same year but by different record companies. - Live in Montreux from 1987 is the same version as the one released in 1986. The version in 1986 was released in Brasil whereas the 1987 one was released in USA. Both were recorded live. Selected compositions[edit]

Bim bom (generally considered as the first bossa nova song) Hô-bá-lá-lá Um Abraço no Bonfá Undiú Valsa (Bebel) (Como são lindos os Youguis) Você esteve com meu bem?

References[edit]

^ "How to pronounce João Gilberto". forvo.com. Retrieved December 30, 2015.  ^ "Atrás da batida perfeita, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
muda de endereço várias vezes" from Bravo magazine newsroom ^ Astrud Gilberto
Astrud Gilberto
official website - interview Archived 2008-09-18 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Chediak, Almir (1990). Bossa nova
Bossa nova
(in Portuguese). Irmãos Vitale. ISBN 9788585426347.  ^ Heckman, Don (2003-07-25). "Primed for perfection but never reached". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035. Retrieved 2018-02-19.  ^ Ratliff, Ben (15 June 2008). "João Gilberto's Pioneering Bossa Nova Records Are Caught In a Legal Limbo". The New York Times. Retrieved 10 December 2017.  ^ "Awards". GRAMMY.com. 30 April 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.  ^ http://ego.globo.com/Gente/Noticias/0,,MUL1673330-9798,00-JOAO+GILBERTO+DEVOLVE+APARTAMENTO+A+CONDESSA+DIZ+JORNAL.html ^ https://jornalggn.com.br/blog/luisnassif/a-condessa-que-esta-despejando-joao-gilberto ^ " João Gilberto
João Gilberto
to Receive Honorary Doctorate". Columbia University Department of Music. 12 April 2017. Retrieved 9 December 2017.  ^ Clarin.com. "El drama de Joao Gilberto, uno de los padres de la bossa nova" (in Spanish). Retrieved 2018-02-08. 

Daniella Thompson. "The Man Who Invented Bossa Nova". 

Sources[edit]

Castro, Ruy (trans. by Lysa Salsbury). Bossa Nova: The Story of the Brazilian Music That Seduced the World. 2000. 1st English language edition. A Capella Books, an imprint of Chicago Review Press, Inc. ISBN 1-55652-409-9 First published in Brasil by Companhia das Letras. 1990. McGowan, Chris and Pessanha, Ricardo. The Brazilian Sound: Samba, Bossa Nova
Bossa Nova
and the Popular Music of Brazil. 1998. 2nd edition. Temple University Press. ISBN 1-56639-545-3 Gridley, Mark. Jazz Styles: History and Analysis. 9th. NJ: Pearson Prentice Hall, Print. De Stefano, Gildo, Il popolo del samba, La vicenda e i protagonisti della storia della musica popolare brasiliana, Preface by Chico Buarque de Hollanda, Introduction by Gianni Minà, RAI-ERI, Rome 2005, ISBN 8839713484 De Stefano, Gildo, Saudade Bossa Nova: musiche, contaminazioni e ritmi del Brasile, Preface by Chico Buarque, Introduction by Gianni Minà, Logisma Editore, Firenze
Firenze
2017, ISBN 978-88-97530-88-6

External links[edit]

João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Web Site by ShowBras, current agent Plain João—The Man Who Invented Bossa Nova, a biographical profile by Daniella Thompson João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Discography by Laura Pelner McCarthy Nos bastidores do legendario concerto da bossa nova 1962 The Brazilian Sound: Brazilian Music & Culture Website Bossa Nova
Bossa Nova
Guitar Transcriptions (Mostly of songs performed by João Gilberto) João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Discography on Slipcue.com Joao Gilberto: The Early Records a special on Gilberto at the blog Worlds of Wanwood

v t e

João Gilberto

Studio albums

Chega de Saudade (1959) O Amor, o Sorriso e a Flor
O Amor, o Sorriso e a Flor
(1960) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
(1964) João Gilberto en México (1970) João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1973) The Best of Two Worlds
The Best of Two Worlds
(1976) Amoroso (1976) João Gilberto
João Gilberto
Prado Pereira de Oliveira (1980) Brasil (1981) João (1991) Eu Sei que Vou Te Amar (1994) João Voz e Violão (2000)

Live albums

Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
Vol. 2 (1966) Live in Montreux (1986) Stan Getz
Stan Getz
Meets João & Astrud Gilberto
Astrud Gilberto
(1990) Live at Umbria Jazz
Live at Umbria Jazz
(2002) In Tokyo (2004)

Songs

"Chega de Saudade" "The Girl from Ipanema"

v t e

Grammy Award for Album of the Year

1959–1979

The Music from Peter Gunn
The Music from Peter Gunn
Henry Mancini
Henry Mancini
(1959) Come Dance with Me! – Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1960) The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
The Button-Down Mind of Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
Bob Newhart
(1961) Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy at Carnegie Hall
Judy Garland
Judy Garland
(1962) The First Family – Vaughn Meader
Vaughn Meader
(1963) The Barbra Streisand Album
The Barbra Streisand Album
Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1964) Getz/Gilberto
Getz/Gilberto
– Stan Getz, João Gilberto
João Gilberto
(1965) September of My Years Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1966) A Man and His Music Frank Sinatra
Frank Sinatra
(1967) Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
The Beatles
The Beatles
(1968) By the Time I Get to Phoenix – Glen Campbell
Glen Campbell
(1969) Blood, Sweat & Tears – Blood, Sweat & Tears (1970) Bridge over Troubled Water
Bridge over Troubled Water
– Simon & Garfunkel (1971) Tapestry – Carole King
Carole King
(1972) The Concert for Bangladesh – Various (1973) Innervisions
Innervisions
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1974) Fulfillingness' First Finale
Fulfillingness' First Finale
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1975) Still Crazy After All These Years
Still Crazy After All These Years
Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1976) Songs in the Key of Life
Songs in the Key of Life
Stevie Wonder
Stevie Wonder
(1977) Rumours – Fleetwood Mac
Fleetwood Mac
(1978) Saturday Night Fever – Bee Gees/Various (1979)

1980–2000

52nd Street – Billy Joel
Billy Joel
(1980) Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
Christopher Cross
(1981) Double Fantasy
Double Fantasy
John Lennon
John Lennon
and Yoko Ono
Yoko Ono
(1982) Toto IV
Toto IV
– Toto (1983) Thriller – Michael Jackson
Michael Jackson
(1984) Can't Slow Down – Lionel Richie
Lionel Richie
(1985) No Jacket Required
No Jacket Required
Phil Collins
Phil Collins
(1986) Graceland – Paul Simon
Paul Simon
(1987) The Joshua Tree
The Joshua Tree
– U2 (1988) Faith – George Michael
George Michael
(1989) Nick of Time – Bonnie Raitt
Bonnie Raitt
(1990) Back on the Block
Back on the Block
Quincy Jones
Quincy Jones
and various artists (1991) Unforgettable... with Love Natalie Cole
Natalie Cole
(1992) Unplugged – Eric Clapton
Eric Clapton
(1993) The Bodyguard – Whitney Houston
Whitney Houston
(1994) MTV Unplugged – Tony Bennett
Tony Bennett
(1995) Jagged Little Pill
Jagged Little Pill
Alanis Morissette
Alanis Morissette
(1996) Falling into You
Falling into You
Celine Dion
Celine Dion
(1997) Time Out of Mind – Bob Dylan
Bob Dylan
(1998) The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
The Miseducation of Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
Lauryn Hill
(1999) Supernatural – Santana (2000)

2001–present

Two Against Nature
Two Against Nature
Steely Dan
Steely Dan
(2001) O Brother, Where Art Thou? Soundtrack (2002) Come Away with Me
Come Away with Me
Norah Jones
Norah Jones
(2003) Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Speakerboxxx/The Love Below
Outkast
Outkast
(2004) Genius Loves Company
Genius Loves Company
Ray Charles
Ray Charles
and various artists (2005) How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
How to Dismantle an Atomic Bomb
– U2 (2006) Taking the Long Way
Taking the Long Way
Dixie Chicks
Dixie Chicks
(2007) River: The Joni Letters – Herbie Hancock
Herbie Hancock
(2008) Raising Sand
Raising Sand
Robert Plant
Robert Plant
& Alison Krauss
Alison Krauss
(2009) Fearless – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2010) The Suburbs
The Suburbs
Arcade Fire
Arcade Fire
(2011) 21 – Adele
Adele
(2012) Babel – Mumford & Sons (2013) Random Access Memories
Random Access Memories
Daft Punk
Daft Punk
(2014) Morning Phase
Morning Phase
Beck
Beck
(2015) 1989 – Taylor Swift
Taylor Swift
(2016) 25 – Adele
Adele
(2017) 24K Magic – Bruno Mars
Bruno Mars
(2018)

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 85530975 LCCN: n83139578 ISNI: 0000 0001 1476 6128 GND: 134385098 SUDOC: 133013367 BNF: cb138944675 (data) MusicBrainz: 286ec4c2-b5ca-4f85-b331-280a6d73dd14 NKC: xx0037

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