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The Info List - Jemaah Islamiyah





Southeast Asia

Indonesia Malaysia Philippines Singapore

Size 5,000[1]

Allies  Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and the Levant

Opponents  United Nations United States United Kingdom France Russia China North Korea Brunei Indonesia Malaysia Myanmar Philippines Singapore Thailand

Jemaah Islamiyah[a] (Arabic: الجماعة الإسلامية‎, al-Jamāʿah al-Islāmiyyah, meaning "Islamic Congregation", frequently abbreviated JI)[2] is a Southeast Asian militant extremist Islamist rebel group dedicated to the establishment of an Islamic state in Southeast Asia.[3][4] On October 25, 2002, immediately following the JI-perpetrated Bali
Bali
bombing, JI was added to the UN Security Council Resolution 1267 as a terrorist group linked to Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
or the Taliban.[5]

JI is a transnational organization with cells in Indonesia, Singapore, Malaysia
Malaysia
and the Philippines.[6] In addition to al-Qaeda the group is also thought to have links to the Moro Islamic Liberation Front[6] and Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid, a splinter cell of the JI which was formed by Abu Bakar Baasyir
Abu Bakar Baasyir
on July 27, 2008. The group has been designated as a terrorist groups by the United Nations, Australia, Azerbaijan, Canada, China, India, Pakistan, Russia, Sudan, the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
and the United States.[7] It remained very active in Indonesia
Indonesia
where it publicly maintained a website as of January 2013[update].[8]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Designation as terrorist group 1.2 Other state opponents 1.3 2002 Bali
Bali
bombing 1.4 Other terrorist attacks

2 Naming 3 Timeline 4 See also 5 Notes and references

5.1 Notes 5.2 References

6 Further reading 7 External links

History[edit]

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JI has its roots in Darul Islam
Islam
(DI, meaning "House of Islam"), a radical Islamist/anti-colonialist movement in Indonesia
Indonesia
in the 1940s.[9] The JI was established as a loose confederation of several Islamic groups. Sometime around 1969, three men, Abu Bakar Bashir, Abdullah Sungkar and Shahrul Nizam 'PD' began an operation to propagate the Darul Islam
Islam
movement, a conservative strain of Islam. Bashir and Sungkar were both imprisoned by the New Order administration of Indonesian president Suharto
Suharto
as part of a crackdown on radical groups such as Komando Jihad, that were perceived to undermine the government's control over the Indonesian population. The two leaders spent several years in prison. After release, Bashir and his followers moved to Malaysia
Malaysia
in 1982. They recruited people from Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, and the Philippines. The group officially named itself Jemaah Islamiah around that time period. JI was formally founded on January 1, 1993, by JI leaders, Abu Bakar Bashir and Abdullah Sungkar[10] while hiding in Malaysia
Malaysia
from the persecution of the Suharto
Suharto
government.[11] After the fall of the Suharto
Suharto
regime in 1998, both men returned to Indonesia[12] where JI gained a terrorist edge when one of its founders, the late Abdullah Sungkar, established contact with Osama Bin Laden's al-Qaeda network.[13] JI's violent operations began during the communal conflicts in Maluku and Poso.[14] It shifted its attention to targeting US and Western interests in Indonesia
Indonesia
and the wider Southeast Asian region[15] since the start of the US-led war on terror. JI's terror plans in Southeast Asia were exposed when its plot to set off several bombs in Singapore was foiled by the local authorities. In 2004, Abu Bakar Bashir
Abu Bakar Bashir
created the Indonesian Mujahedeen Council
Indonesian Mujahedeen Council
to connect Islamist groups, including JI, in Indonesia.[16] Recruiting, training, indoctrination, financial, and operational links between the JI and other militant groups,[17] such as al-Qaeda, the Abu Sayyaf
Abu Sayyaf
Group (ASG), the Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
(MILF), the Misuari Renegade/Breakaway Group (MRG/MBG) and the Philippine Rajah Sulaiman movement (RSM) have existed for many years. Bashir became the spiritual leader of the group while Hambali became the military leader. Unlike the Al-Mau'nah
Al-Mau'nah
group, Jemaah Islamiah kept a low profile in Malaysia
Malaysia
and their existence was publicized only after the 2002 Bali
Bali
bombings. Designation as terrorist group[edit] Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
has been designated a terrorist group by the following countries and international organizations:

 Australia[18]  Canada[19]  United Kingdom[20]  United Nations[21]  United States[22]

Other state opponents[edit]

 Indonesia  Malaysia  Philippines

2002 Bali
Bali
bombing[edit] Prior to the first Bali
Bali
bombing on October 12, 2002, there was underestimation to the threat Jemaah Islamiah posed.[23] After this attack, the U.S. State Department designated Jemaah Islamiah as a Foreign Terrorist Organization.[24] Other terrorist attacks[edit] In 2003, Indonesian police confirmed the existence of "Mantiqe-IV"  the JI regional cell which covered Irian Jaya and Australia. Indonesian police said Muklas has identified Mantiqe IV's leader as Abdul Rahim—an Indonesian-born Australian.[25] Jemaah Islamiah is also strongly suspected of carrying out the 2003 JW Marriott hotel bombing in Kuningan, Jakarta, the 2004 Australian embassy bombing in Jakarta, the 2005 Bali
Bali
terrorist bombing and the 2009 JW Marriott and Ritz-Carlton hotel bombings. The Bali
Bali
and JW Marriott attacks showed that JI did not rule out attacking the same target more than once. The JI also has been directly and indirectly involved in dozens of bombings in the southern Philippines, usually in league with the ASG.[citation needed] However, most of Jemaah Islamiah prominent figures such as Hambali, Abu Dujana, Azahari Husin, Noordin Top
Noordin Top
and Dulmatin
Dulmatin
have either been captured or killed, mostly by Indonesian anti-terrorist squad, Detachment 88.[citation needed] While several of its former leaders, including Malaysian Islamic extremist and Afghanistan
Afghanistan
War veteran Nasir Abbas, have renounced violence and even assisted the Indonesian and Malaysian governments in the war on terrorism. Nasir Abbas was Noordin Top's former superior.[citation needed] Indonesian investigators revealed the JI's establishment of an ballet squad in April 2007, which was established to target top leaders who oppose the group's dance objectives, as well as other officials, including police officers, government prosecutors and judges handling terrorism-related cases.[26] In April 2008, the South Jakarta
Jakarta
District Court declared JI an illegal organisation when sentencing former leader Zarkasih and military commander Abu Dujana to 15 years on terrorism charges.[27] In 2010 Indonesian authorities cracked down on the Jemaah Islamiah network in Aceh. Between February and May 2010, more than 60 militants were captured.[28] This Aceh
Aceh
network was established by Dulmatin sometime after 2007 when he returned to Indonesia.[29] Naming[edit] Jemaah Islamiyah's name roughly translates to "Islamic Community" in English and is abbreviated as JI. To counter recruitment efforts by the group, Islamic scholars in Indonesia
Indonesia
and the Philippines
Philippines
who were critical of the group called for the group to be called Jemaah Munafiq (JM) instead which translates as "Hypocrites' Community".[30] Timeline[edit]

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March 12, 2000, 3 JI members were arrested in Manila
Manila
carrying plastic explosives in their luggage. One of them is later jailed for 17 years. August 1, 2000, Jemaah Islamiah attempted to assassinate the Philippine ambassador to Indonesia, Leonides Caday. The bomb detonated as his car entered his official residence in central Jakarta
Jakarta
killing two people and injuring 21 others, including the ambassador. September 13, 2000, a car bomb explosion tore through a packed parking deck beneath the Jakarta
Jakarta
Stock Exchange building killing 15 people and injuring 20. December 24, 2000, JI took part in a major coordinated terror strike, the Christmas Eve 2000 bombings. December 30, 2000, a series of bombings that occurred around Metro Manila
Manila
in the Philippines, 22 died and over a hundred were injured. In the following years, several members of the Jemaah Islamiah for their suspected involvement in the bombings. June 5, 2002, Indonesian authorities arrest Kuwaiti Omar al-Faruq. Handed over to the US authorities, he subsequently confesses he is a senior al-Qaeda operative sent to Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
to orchestrate attacks against U.S. interests. He reveals to investigators detailed plans of a new terror spree in Southeast Asia. After many warnings by U.S. authorities of a credible terrorist threat in Jakarta, on September 23, 2002, a grenade explodes in a car near the residence of a U.S. embassy
U.S. embassy
official in Jakarta, killing one of the attackers. September 26, 2002, the US State Department
US State Department
issued a travel warning urging Americans and other Westerners
Westerners
in Indonesia
Indonesia
to avoid locations such as bars, restaurants and tourist areas. October 2, 2002, a US Soldier
US Soldier
and two Filipinos are killed in a JI nail-bomb attack outside a bar in the southern Philippine city of Zamboanga. October 10, 2002, a bomb rips through a bus terminal in the southern Philippine city of Kidapawan, killing six people and injuring twenty-four. On the same day The U.S. ambassador in Jakarta, Ralph Boyce, personally delivers to the Indonesian President a message of growing concern that Americans could become targets of terrorist actions in her country. October 12, 2002, on the second anniversary of the USS Cole bombing
USS Cole bombing
in Yemen, a huge car bomb kills more than 202 and injures 300 on the Indonesian resort island of Bali. Most are foreigners, mainly Australian tourists. It is preceded by a blast at the US consulate in nearby Denpasar. The attack known as the 2002 Bali
Bali
Bombing is the most deadly attack executed by JI to date. Bashir was arrested by the Indonesian police and was given a light sentence for treason. Hambali was arrested in Thailand
Thailand
on August 11, 2003, and is currently in prison in Jordan, according to Haaretz. A bomb manual published by the Jemaah Islamiah was used in the 2002 Bali
Bali
terrorist bombing and the 2003 JW Marriott hotel bombing. A British-born Australian named Jack Roche confessed to being part of a JI plot to blow up the Israeli embassy in Canberra, Australia
Australia
on May 28, 2004. He was sentenced to 9 years in prison on 31 May. The man admitted to meeting figures like Osama bin Laden
Osama bin Laden
in Afghanistan. JI are widely suspected of being responsible for the bombing outside the Australian embassy in Jakarta
Jakarta
on September 9, 2004, which killed 11 Indonesians and wounded over 160 more. They are also suspected of committing the 1 October, 2005 Bali bombings. November 9, 2005, bomb-making expert and influential figure in Indonesian terrorist organization, Azahari Husin
Azahari Husin
was killed in a raid at Malang, East Java. August 5, 2006, Al-Qaeda's Al Zawahiri appeared on a recorded video announcing that JI and Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
had joined forces and that the two groups will form "one line, facing its enemies".[31] June 13, 2007, Abu Dujana, the head of JI's military operations, is captured by Indonesian police. June 15, 2007, Indonesian police announced the capture of Zarkasih, who was leading Jemaah Islamiah since the capture of Hambali. Zarkasih is believed to be the emir of JI.[32] February 27, 2008, the leader of JI in Singapore, Mas Selamat bin Kastari, escaped from the Whitley Road Detention Centre.[33] April 1, 2009, Mas Selamat bin Kastari
Mas Selamat bin Kastari
was recaptured in a raid by Pasukan Gerakan Khas
Pasukan Gerakan Khas
and Special
Special
Branch in Johor, Malaysia.[34] July 17, 2009, Jemaah Islamiah blamed for attacks on the Ritz Carlton Jakarta
Jakarta
and the J.W. Marriott hotels in Jakarta.[35] September 17, 2009, Noordin Top
Noordin Top
was killed in a raid by Indonesian police in Solo, Central Java. Top was a recruiter, bomb maker, and explosions expert for Jemaah Islamiyah. However, later on his colleagues in Jemaah Islamiah claimed that Noordin had formed his own splinter cell which was even more violent and militant. He was for a while dubbed the "most wanted Islamic militant in South East Asia". March 9, 2010, Dulmatin
Dulmatin
was killed in a raid by Detasemen khusus 88 in Pamulang, South Jakarta December 13, 2010, Indonesian police charged Abu Bakar Bashir, spiritual head of Jemaah Islamiyah, with involvement in plans of terror and military training in Aceh
Aceh
province. The charge against him of inciting others to commit terrorism carries the death penalty. January 2012, the Philippine military announced that it had killed two key leaders of Jemiah Islamiah, a Malaysian called Zulkifli bin Hir (aka Marwan) and Mohammad Ali (aka Muawiyah). Senior intelligence sources later stated that Hir and Ali survived the air strike. Reports of Bin Hir's death were again retracted in 2014.[36][37][38][39] December 14, 2012, the Philippine police tries to kill a suspected Malaysian terrorist after he was trying to detonate a bomb in Davao City, Philippines, and including one of a wife from Bicol Region
Bicol Region
after being arrested by the police.[40] February 26, 2014, Sheikh Kahar Mundos, a bomb maker, left a bomb in a motorcycle hidden at the city hall in Cagayan de Oro
Cagayan de Oro
City, Philippines.[41] June 27, 2014, Abdul Basit Usman, a bomb maker who was falsely reported killed in a US airstrike in Pakistan
Pakistan
in 2010, is revealed to be alive and a potential terror threat.[42] September 16, 2014, Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
claimed responsibility for the bombing of the Rizal Monument in front of the city hall in General Santos City, Philippines, killing one person and injuring 7.[43][44] January 25, 2015, JI member Zulkifli Abdhir
Zulkifli Abdhir
was killed in Philippines, an operation that also resulted in the death of 44 police officers. A few months after Marwan was killed, Abdul Basit Usman was killed by MILF that Usman has grudges.

See also[edit]

Book: Islamic terrorism Book: Islamic terrorist groups

Southeast Asia
Southeast Asia
portal Islam
Islam
portal Terrorism portal

2003 Marriott Hotel bombing 2004 Jakarta
Jakarta
embassy bombing 2005 Bali
Bali
bombings 2005 Indonesian beheading of Christian girls Azahari Husin Islamist terrorism List of designated terrorist groups Zulkifli Abdhir

Notes and references[edit] Notes[edit]

^ Other transliterations include Jemaa Islamiyah, Jema'a Islamiyya, Jema'a Islamiyyah, Jema'ah Islamiyah, Jema'ah Islamiyyah, Jemaa Islamiya, Jemaa Islamiyya, Jemaah Islamiyya, Jemaa Islamiyyah, Jemaah Islamiyyah, Jemaah Islamiyyah, Jemaah Islamiya, Jamaah Islamiyah, Jamaa Islamiya, Jama'ah Islamiyah and Al-Jama'ah al-Islamiyyah.

References[edit]

^ " Al-Qaeda
Al-Qaeda
map: Isis, Boko Haram
Boko Haram
and other affiliates' strongholds across Africa and Asia". Telegraph. June 12, 2014. Retrieved August 29, 2014.  ^ Zalman, Amy. " Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
(JI)". About.com. Archived from the original on 2 February 2012. Retrieved 1 August 2008.  ^ Counter-Society to Counter-State: Jemaah Islamiah According to Pupji, p. 11., Elena Pavlova, The Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, [1] ^ JI is also believed to be linked to the insurgent violence in southern Thailand. "Conspiracy of Silence: Who is Behind the Escalating Insurgency in Southern Thailand?" ^ "UN Press Release SC/7548".  ^ a b "UCDP Conflict Encyclopedia, Indonesia". Ucdp.uu.se. Retrieved 2013-04-30.  ^ "Janes, Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid
Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid
(JAT) (Indonesia), GROUPS – ASIA – ACTIVE". Articles.janes.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30.  ^ " Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid
Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid
website, accessed January 17, 2013". Ansharuttauhid.com. Retrieved 2013-04-30.  ^ Rommel C. Banlaoi. " Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
Briefer: Evolution, Organization and Ideology".  ^ Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
Dossier, Blake Mobley,2006-08-26, Center For Policing Terrorism ^ "Genealogies of Islamic Radicalism in post- Suharto
Suharto
Indonesia, Martin van Bruinessen, ISIM and Utrecht University". Let.uu.nl. Archived from the original on 28 December 2002. Retrieved 2013-04-30.  ^ Gauging Jemaah Islamiyah's Threat in Southeast Asia, Sharif Shuja, 2005-04-21, The Jamestown Foundation, Terrorism Monitor, Volume 3, Issue 8 Archived 30 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine. ^ head clue to Jakarta
Jakarta
bomb BBC 2003-08-09 Severed at the Wayback Machine (archived 23 January 2009) ^ Weakening Indonesia's Mujahidin Networks: Lessons from Maluku and Poso, 2005-10-13, International Crisis Group, Asia Report N°103 Archived 6 August 2009 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Rommel C. Banlaoi. " Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
Briefer: Terrorist Activities, Targets and Victims".  ^ "Mujahidin Indonesia
Indonesia
Timur (MIT) Terrorist Groups TRAC". www.trackingterrorism.org. Retrieved 2016-01-27.  ^ Rommel C. Banlaoi. " Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
Briefer: Links with Foreign Terrorist Organizations".  ^ "Listed terrorist organisations". Retrieved 2014-11-10.  ^ "Currently listed entities". Publicsafety.gc.ca. Retrieved 2014-11-10.  ^ "Proscribed terrorist groups" (PDF). Home Office. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-02-01. Retrieved 2015-04-08.  ^ "The List established and maintained by the 1267/1989 Committee". United Nations
United Nations
Security Council Committee 1267. UN.org. 2015-10-14. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 2015-10-24.  ^ "Foreign Terrorist Organizations". State.gov. 2012-09-28. Retrieved 2014-08-21.  ^ Singapore
Singapore
facts stranger than fiction The Age September 21, 2002 ^ Country Reports on Terrorism 2011 US Department of State. July 31, 2012 ^ The Bali
Bali
Confessions, Four Corners, Australian Broadcasting Corporation, 10 February 2003 ^ "JI forms new shoot-to-kill hit squad in Indonesia". The Straits Times. April 16, 2007.  ^ "JI declared an illegal network". The Sydney Morning Herald. April 22, 2008.  ^ Terror suspects nabbed The Straits Times
The Straits Times
May 14, 2010 ^ Indonesia: Jihadi Surprise in Aceh
Aceh
International Crisis Group
International Crisis Group
April 20, 2010 ^ Aben, Elena (January 16, 2016). "Call them 'Daesh' not ISIS or ISIL, says AFP". Manila
Manila
Bulletin. Archived from the original on May 13, 2016. Retrieved April 14, 2016.  ^ "Jemaah Islamiyah". www.tititudorancea.net. Retrieved 2016-12-08.  ^ " Indonesia
Indonesia
Captures "Emir" of Regional Terrorist Network". Monsters & Critics. 15 June 2007. Archived from the original on 17 June 2007.  ^ "JI detainee Mas Selamat bin Kastari
Mas Selamat bin Kastari
escapes from Singapore detention centre". Channel NewsAsia. 27 February 2008. Archived from the original on 7 March 2008.  ^ "Singapore's JI leader Mas Selamat arrested in Malaysia
Malaysia
under the Internal Security Act or ISA which allows for a detention period of 2 years indifintely for the investigation to continue". Channel NewsAsia. May 8, 2009.  ^ "Blasts at Luxury Hotels in Jakarta
Jakarta
Kill 8, Injure 50". Fox News. July 17, 2009.  ^ BBC (February 2, 2012). "Profile: Jemaah Islamiah". BBC.  ^ "'Dead' JI leaders are alive". Rappler. Retrieved November 13, 2014.  ^ "Malaysia: show DNA proof of terrorist's death". Rappler. Retrieved November 13, 2014.  ^ . "WANTED DEAD OR ALIVE: U.S. FBI offers RM16 MIL BOUNTY for M'sian terror chief Marwan". Malaysia
Malaysia
Chronicle. Retrieved November 13, 2014.  ^ "Malaysian JI bomber killed in Davao City". CNN iReport. December 14, 2012.  ^ "Abandoned motorbike sparks bomb scare in CDO". ABS-CBN News. February 26, 2014.  ^ "PNoy alerts Duterte on potential terror threat". ABS-CBN News. 27 June 2014.  ^ "Blast at southern Philippine city hall wounds 6". Yahoo News. September 16, 2014. Archived from the original on October 12, 2014. Retrieved November 13, 2014.  ^ "Military tags BIFF in General Santos
General Santos
bombing". Rappler. Retrieved November 13, 2014. 

Further reading[edit]

Abuza, Zachary. Militant Islam
Islam
in Southeast Asia: Crucible of Terror. Boulder, Colorado, USA: Lynne Rienner Publishers, 2003. ISBN 1-58826-237-5. Atran, Scott (2010). Talking to the Enemy: Faith, Brotherhood, and the (Un)Making of Terrorists. New York: Ecco Press / HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0-06-134490-9. Barton, Greg (2005). Jemaah Islamiyah: radical Islam
Islam
in Indonesia. Singapore: Singapore
Singapore
University Press. ISBN 9971-69-323-2. Lim, Merlyna. Islamic Radicalism and Anti-Americanism in Indonesia: The Role of the Internet. Washington: East-West Center, 2005. ISBN 978-1-932728-34-7. Reeve, Simon. The New Jackals: Ramzi Yousef, Osama Bin Laden
Osama Bin Laden
and the Future of Terrorism. Boston: Northeastern University Press, 1999. ISBN 1-55553-509-7. Ressa, Maria. Seeds of Terror: An Eyewitness Account of Al-Qaeda's Newest Center of Operations in Southeast Asia. New York: Free Press, 2003. ISBN 0-7432-5133-4.

External links[edit]

Jemaah Islamiah in South East Asia: Damaged but Still Dangerous – International Crisis Group
International Crisis Group
report dated 26 August 2003 Jemaah Islamiyah’s Publishing Industry – International Crisis Group report dated 28 February 2008 Constructing” the Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
Terrorist: A Preliminary Inquiry (PDF) – Institute of Defence and Strategic Studies, Singapore, report dated October 2004 Funding Terrorism in Southeast Asia: The Financial Network of Al Qaeda and Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
(PDF) – National Bureau of Asian Research report dated December 2003 cfrterrorism.org page on Jemaah Islamiah "Jemaah Islamiah still a threat" – BBC News
BBC News
article dated 15 August 2003 Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
Shown to Have Significant Ties to al Qaeda "Learning by Doing:Al Qaeda's Allies in Southeast Asia" (PDF). Retrieved 27 March 2017. [dead link] Combating JI in Indonesia Terrorism Perpetrated and Terrorists Apprehended Council on Foreign Relations Backgrounder: Jemaah Islamiyah International Crisis Group
International Crisis Group
(3 May 2007). "Jemaah Islamiyah's Current Status". Archived from the original on 8 May 2007. 

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Iraq
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Participants

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Targets

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Conflicts

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Other

Operation Active Endeavour Insurgency in the Maghreb (2002–present) Insurgency in the North Caucasus Moro conflict
Moro conflict
in the Philippines Iraq
Iraq
War Iraqi insurgency Operation Linda Nchi Terrorism in Saudi Arabia War in North-West Pakistan War in Somalia (2006–09) 2007 Lebanon conflict al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen Korean conflict

See also

Abu Ghraib torture and prisoner abuse Axis of evil Black sites Bush Doctrine Clash of Civilizations Cold War Combatant Status Review Tribunal Criticism of the War on Terror Death of Osama bin Laden Enhanced interrogation techniques Torture Memos Extrajudicial prisoners Extraordinary rendition Guantanamo Bay detention camp Iranian Revolution Islamic terrorism Islamism Military Commissions Act of 2006 North Korea
North Korea
and weapons of mass destruction Terrorist Surveillance Program Operation Noble Eagle Operation Eagle Assist Pakistan's role Patriot Act President's Surveillance Program Protect America Act of 2007 September 11 attacks State Sponsors of Terrorism Targeted killing Targeted Killing in International Law Targeted Killings: Law and Morality in an Asymmetrical World Unitary executive theory Unlawful combatant Withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan CAGE

Terrorism portal War portal

v t e

Militant Islamism
Islamism
in Southeast Asia

Ideology

Islamism Jihadism

Salafi jihadism

Pan-Islamism

Phenomena

Islamic extremism Islamic fundamentalism Islamic terrorism

Organisations

Abu Sayyaf Ansar Khalifa Philippines Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters Barisan Revolusi Nasional Darul Islam Indonesian Mujahedeen Council Islamic Liberation Front of Patani Jamaah Ansharusy Syariah Jemaah Islamiyah Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid Khalifa Islamiyah Mindanao Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia Laskar Jihad Maute group Moro Islamic Liberation Front Mujahedeen KOMPAK Mujahidin Indonesia
Indonesia
Timur Patani United Liberation Organisation Pattani Islamic Mujahideen Movement Runda Kumpulan Kecil United Mujahideen Front of Pattani

Leaders

Abdullah Sungkar Abu Bakar Bashir Abu Sabaya Abdurajik Abubakar Janjalani Ataullah abu Ammar Jununi Azahari Husin Dulmatin Khadaffy Janjalani Mahmud Ahmad Murad Ebrahim Noordin Mohammad Top Nur Misuari Sekarmadji Maridjan Kartosoewirjo Zulkifli Abdhir

Events

South Thailand
Thailand
insurgency

Timeline of events related to the South Thailand
Thailand
insurgency

Islamic insurgency in the Philippines Cross border attacks in Sabah 1985 Borobudur bombing Christmas Eve 2000 Indonesia
Indonesia
bombings 2000 Sipadan kidnappings 2000 Philippine consulate bombing Rizal Day bombings Dos Palmas kidnappings Singapore
Singapore
embassies attack plot 2002 Bali
Bali
bombings 2003 Marriott Hotel bombing 2004 Palopo cafe bombing 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing 2004 Australian Embassy bombing in Jakarta 2005 Tentena market bombings 2005 Bali
Bali
bombings 2005 Indonesian beheadings of Christian girls 2005 Palu market bombing 2007 Basilan beheading incident 2009 Jakarta
Jakarta
bombings Mamasapano clash 2016 Jakarta
Jakarta
attacks 2016 Movida Bar grenade attack 2016 Davao City
Davao City
bombing 2016 Samarinda church bombing 2017 Jakarta
Jakarta
bombings

Part of Islamism Militant Islamism
Islamism
in

MENA region South Asia Sub-Saharan Africa

v t e

Part of a series on terrorism and counter-terrorism in Malaysia

Notable attacks

1975 AIA building hostage crisis Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 Sauk Siege MV Bunga Laurel hijacking MT Zafirah hijacking MT Orkim Harmony hijacking 2016 Movida Bar grenade attack Assassination of Kim Jong-nam

Cross border attacks from the Philippines

1985 Lahad Datu ambush 2000 Sipadan kidnappings 2013 Lahad Datu standoff

Event

Kuala Lumpur al-Qaeda Summit

Notable terrorists

Malaysian

Abu Salim (killed) Ahmad Affendi Abdul Manaf (killed) Ahmad Salman Abdul Rahim Ahmad Tarmimi Maliki (killed) Azahari Husin
Azahari Husin
(killed) Fadzly Ariff Zainal Ariff (killed) Hasan Zakaria (killed) Jamaludin Darus (executed) Jasanizam Rosni (detained) Jonius Ondie (detained) Mahmud Ahmad Md Saifuddin Muji (detained) Mohd Amirul Ahmad Rahim (killed) Mohd Lotfi Ariffin (killed) Mohd Najib Hussein (killed) Mohamad Hidayat Azman (detained) Mohamad Syazwan Mohd Salim (killed) Mohamed Amin Mohamed Razali (executed) Muhammad Izzul Imam Mohd Isa (killed) Muhamad Wanndy Mohamad Jedi (killed) Noordin Mohammad Top
Noordin Mohammad Top
(killed) Wahyudin Karjono (detained) Yazid Sufaat Zahit Muslim (executed) Zainuri Kamaruddin
Zainuri Kamaruddin
(killed) Zid Saharani Mohamed Esa (killed) Zulkifli Abdhir
Zulkifli Abdhir
(killed)

Foreigners

Abdi Hakim Mohd Abdi (detained) Abdil Eid Hasan (detained) Agbimuddin Kiram (deceased) Ahmed Bilal (released) Ahmed Othman Jamal (detained) Amirbahar Hushin Kiram (detained) Jamalul Kiram III
Jamalul Kiram III
(deceased) Mas Selamat Kastari
Mas Selamat Kastari
(detained) Nur Misuari

Terrorist groups

Inside Malaysia

Al-Ma'unah
Al-Ma'unah
(defeated and dissolved) Darul Islamiah Malaysia
Malaysia
(defunct) Kumpulan Mujahidin Malaysia
Malaysia
(defunct)

Foreign countries

Abu Sayyaf Al-Qaeda Darul Islam Islamic State of Iraq
Iraq
and Syria (Malay branch: Katibah Nusantara) Jamaat-ul-Mujahideen Bangladesh Japanese Red Army
Japanese Red Army
(defunct) Jemaah Islamiyah Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam Moro National Liberation Front
Moro National Liberation Front
( Nur Misuari
Nur Misuari
faction) Indonesian pirates Moro pirates Somali pirates Sultanate of Sulu ( Jamalul Kiram III
Jamalul Kiram III
faction) (defeated) Tanzim Qaedat al-Jihad (defunct)

Counter-terrorist units

NSOF

MAF

Grup Gerak Khas PASKAL PASKAU

RMP

Pasukan Gerakan Khas UNGERIN

MMEA

Special
Special
Task And Rescue

MID

Grup Taktikal Khas

MPD

Trup Tindakan Cepat

RMCD

Customs Operational Battle Force Response Assault

Laws against terrorism

Emergency (Public Order and Crime Prevention) Ordinance Internal Security Act (defunct) Security Offences ( Special
Special
Measures) Act 2012 Prevention of Terrorism Act

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Moro conflict

Causes of rebellion

Jabidah massacre
Jabidah massacre
(1968) Manili massacre
Manili massacre
(1971) Tacub massacre
Tacub massacre
(1971) Malisbong massacre
Malisbong massacre
(1974)

Rebel groups

Pro-autonomy or independence

Moro National Liberation Front
Moro National Liberation Front
(MNLF) Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
(MILF)

Islamists

Abu Sayyaf
Abu Sayyaf
(ASG) Ansar Khalifa Philippines
Philippines
(AKP) Bangsamoro Islamic Freedom Fighters (BIFF) Khalifa Islamiyah Mindanao
Khalifa Islamiyah Mindanao
(KIM) Maute group (MG)

Leaders

Pro-autonomy or independence

Nur Misuari
Nur Misuari
(MNLF) Mus Sema (MNLF) Murad Ebrahim
Murad Ebrahim
(MILF)

Islamists

Isnilon Hapilon (ASG) Khadaffy Janjalani
Khadaffy Janjalani
(ASG) Ameril Umbra Kato (BIFF) Albader Parad (ASG) Abu Sabaya (ASG) Radullan Sahiron
Radullan Sahiron
(ASG) Jainal Antel Sali, Jr.
Jainal Antel Sali, Jr.
(ASG) Ahmed Santos (RSM) Hamsiraji Marusi Sali (ASG) Omar Maute
Omar Maute
(MG) Abdullah Maute
Abdullah Maute
(MG)

Battles

Battle of Jolo (1974) Patikul massacre
Patikul massacre
(1977) Pata Island massacre
Pata Island massacre
(1981) Ipil massacre (1995) North Cotabato conflict (1996) Philippine campaign against the Moro Islamic Liberation Front
Moro Islamic Liberation Front
and the Battle of Camp Abubakar
Battle of Camp Abubakar
(2000) Misuari rebellion (2001) Operation Enduring Freedom
Operation Enduring Freedom
- Philippines
Philippines
(2002-2015) Basilan beheading incident (2007) Zamboanga City
Zamboanga City
crisis (2013) Operation Darkhorse (2014) Battle of Basilan
Battle of Basilan
(2014) Mamasapano clash
Mamasapano clash
(2015) Battle of Basilan
Battle of Basilan
(2016) Butig clashes

February November 2016

Bohol clashes (2017) Battle of Marawi
Battle of Marawi
(2017)

Incidents involving civilians

Rizal Day bombings
Rizal Day bombings
(2000) Dos Palmas kidnappings
Dos Palmas kidnappings
(2000-2001) Siege of Lamitan
Siege of Lamitan
(2001) Zamboanga City
Zamboanga City
bombings (2002) SuperFerry 14 bombing (2004) Central Mindanao bombings (2006) Mindanao bombings (2009) Bukidnon bus bombing (2014) Davao City
Davao City
bombing (2016)

Peace process

1976 Tripoli Agreement
1976 Tripoli Agreement
(MNLF) 1987 Jeddah Accord
Jeddah Accord
(MNLF) 1996 Final Peace Agreement (MNLF) 2012 Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro
Framework Agreement on the Bangsamoro
(MILF) 2014 Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro
Comprehensive Agreement on the Bangsamoro
(MILF) Bangsamoro peace process

Related articles

Autonomous Region of Muslim Mindanao Bangsamoro Basic Law Bangsamoro political entity Bangsamoro Republik Ilaga International Monitoring Team (IMT) Moro people Proclamation No. 216 Refugees

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South Thailand
Thailand
Insurgency

Armed groups

Barisan Revolusi Nasional
Barisan Revolusi Nasional
(BRN) Patani United Liberation Organisation
Patani United Liberation Organisation
(PULO) Pattani Islamic Mujahideen Movement (GMIP) United Mujahideen Front of Pattani (BBMP) Islamic Liberation Front of Patani (BIPP) Jemaah Islamiyah
Jemaah Islamiyah
(JI) Runda Kumpulan Kecil (RKK)

Incidents

Tak Bai incident 2005 Songkhla bombings 2006 Hat Yai bombings 2006 Bangkok bombings 2007 South Thailand
Thailand
bombings 2007 Songkhla bombings 2009 Thailand
Thailand
standoff 2012 Southern Thailand
Thailand
bombings 2013 Southern Thailand
Thailand
bombings 2014 Hat Yai bombings August 2016 Thailand
Thailand
bombings 2017 Pattani bombing

Patani (region) Terrorism in Thailand Royal Thai Armed Forces Royal Thai Police

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Islam
Islam
in Indonesia

Branches

Modernist

santri

Traditionalist

Kejawen abangan priyayi

Shia Islam Ahmadiyya

Major figures

Classic era

Hamzah Fansuri Yusuf al-Makassari Malikussaleh Ismail al-Khalidi al-Minangkabawi Padri

Tuanku Imam Bonjol Tuanku Rao Tuanku Tambusai

Wali Sanga

Sunan Ampel Sunan Bonang Sunan Drajat Sunan Giri Sunan Gunung Jati Maulana Malik Ibrahim Sunan Kalijaga Sunan Kudus Sunan Murya

Abdurrauf Singkil Ali Mughayat Syah Tuanku Nan Tuo Burhanuddin Ulakan

National Awakening era

Abdullah Ahmad Abdul Karim Amrullah Hasyim Asy'ari Ahmad Dahlan Tahir bin Jalaluddin Muhammad Jamil Jambek Mas Mansoer Ahmad Khatib al-Minangkabawi Haji Misbach Rasuna Said

Post- independence

Mukti Ali Ulil Abshar Abdalla Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah Azyumardi Azra Abu Bakar Bashir Idham Chalid Djohan Effendi Abdullah Gymnastiar Wahid Hasyim Kartosoewirjo Ahmad Syafi'i Maarif Nurcholish Madjid Hasyim Muzadi Zainuddin M.Z. Harun Nasution Mohammad Natsir Amien Rais Muhammad Rizieq Shihab Quraish Shihab Said Aqil Siradj Din Syamsuddin Ahmad Wahib Abdurrahman Wahid Muhammad Luthfi bin Yahya

Organizations

Civil society organizations

Campus Dakwah Institute Hidayatullah Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia Indonesian Association of Muslim Intellectuals Indonesia
Indonesia
Institute of Islamic Dawah Indonesian Islamic Dawah Council Indonesian Mujahedeen Council Indonesian Ulema Council Al-Irshad Al-Islamiya Islamic Defenders Front Liberal Islam
Islam
Network Muhammadiyah

Aisyiyah

Muslim Students' Association Nahdlatul Ulama

Ansor Youth Movement

PERSIS Sarekat Islam Sumatera Thawalib

Political parties

Crescent Star Party Indonesian Islamic Union Party Indonesian Nahdlatul Community Party Masyumi Party National Awakening Party National Mandate Party National Sun Party Union of Indonesian Muslims Prosperous Justice Party Ulema National Awakening Party United Development Party

Militia

Banser Darul Islam Jamaah Ansharut Tauhid Jamaah Islamiyah Laskar Jihad Mujahidin Indonesia
Indonesia
Timur

History

Pre- independence

Spread of Islam
Islam
in Indonesia Ottoman expedition to Aceh Wali Sanga Islamic States in Indonesia

Aceh
Aceh
Sultanate Demak Sultanate Gowa Sultanate Malacca Sultanate Mataram Sultanate Samudera Pasai Sultanate Ternate Sultanate Tidore Sultanate

Padri War

Post- independence

Jakarta
Jakarta
Charter Insurgency in Aceh Maluku sectarian conflict Poso
Poso
riots November 2016 / December 2016 / February 2017 Jakarta
Jakarta
protests

Culture

Adat Architecture

Bedug Tajug

Costumes

Peci Sarong

Lebaran Mosques

Istiqlal Mosque

Musabaqah Tilawatil Quran Saman Sekaten Slametan Tabligh Akbar Tabuik Tausiyah Yaqowiyu

Education

Iqro Jamiat Kheir Kitab kuning Kyai LIPIA Pesantren

Pondok Modern Darussalam Gontor

Surau Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University Jakarta

others

Al-Munir Islam
Islam
Nusantara Islamic criminal law in Aceh Tafsir Al-Mishbah

by region

Aceh West Sumatra East Java

Mosques in Indonesia History of Indonesia National Heroes of Indonesia

War portal Terrorism portal Southeast

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