Jeep Pickup or J-series is a series of full-size
pickup trucks based on the large
Jeep SJ (Wagoneer) platform, which
was built and sold under numerous marques from 1962 to 1988. The Jeep
Gladiator / Pickup design is noteworthy for remaining in production
for more than 26 years on a single automobile platform generation. The
Gladiator was the basis of the first post-war U.S. Army trucks
designed to be civilian vehicles and adapted to military use. Numerous
versions of the
Jeep pickup were built in other markets, including
Mexico by Vehículos Automotores Mexicanos.
1 Gladiator 1962-1971
3 Military versions
4 Trim packages
Jeep truck concepts
5.1 2003 small pickup truck
Jeep Crew Chief 715
7 External links
1964 short wheelbase
Jeep Gladiator Townside
Long-wheelbase J300 with a hardtop on the bed
Introduced in 1962 for the 1963 model year, the Gladiator was a
conventional body on frame pickup design that shared its basic frame
architecture and front end with the
Jeep Wagoneer four-wheel-drive
Designations were J200 (short wheelbase trucks, up to mid-1965);
J2000; J300 (long wheelbase trucks, up to mid-1967); J3000; and J4000,
the first model with a longer 131-inch (3,300 mm) wheelbase.
Gladiators were available in RWD and 4WD, with optional dual rear
wheels. A remarkable innovation was the available independent front
suspension instead of a solid front axle on the 4WD half-ton Gladiator
trucks. It was a simple IFS design with a Dana 44 center section, that
proved troublesome, didn’t sell well, and the option was deleted in
1965. Most likely very few were produced with this option.
Gladiator trucks were available as: Cab and Chassis; Wrecker; Stake
Bed; and chassis-mounted campers with extended wheelbases. The load
bed options were Townside, Thriftside (a "step-side"), and Stake Bed,
with up to 8,600 lb (3,901 kg) G.V.W. and almost two-ton
A new overhead cam
Jeep Tornado engine
Jeep Tornado engine 230 cu in
(3.8 L) straight-six producing 140 hp (104 kW;
142 PS) was standard. It was the first production overhead cam
engine in an American light truck or SUV and one of the first OHC
engines offered by an American manufacturer.
Further innovations for four-wheel-drive pickups included optional
automatic transmission (an industry first), as well as power brakes,
power steering, and just like early post-war Jeeps a power take-off
for numerous accessories that included snow plows and push plates.
In early 1963,
Willys Motors changed its name to Kaiser Jeep
During 1965 the 327 cu in (5.4 L) AMC
V8 engine became
available. It produced 250 hp (186 kW; 253 PS) and 340
pound force-feet (461 N⋅m) of torque at 2600 rpm. The
standard Tornado engine was replaced by American Motors'
232 cu in (3.8 L) OHV inline six.
In 1967 all (RWD) two-wheel drive versions, except for the J-100 panel
delivery, were dropped due to poor sales.
For 1968, the flared-fender Thriftside models were dropped while a new
camper option was added for the J-3600. From 1968 to 1971 Jeep
pickups offered the
Buick 350 cu in (5.7 L) 230 hp
(172 kW; 233 PS) Dauntless V8 as an optional engine.
American Motors Corporation (AMC) purchased the
Kaiser Jeep operations
in 1970 when Kaiser Industries decided to leave the automobile
Jeep trucks moved to all AMC engines to improve
performance and standardize production and servicing. The
was replaced by the 360 cu in (5.9 L) or
401 cu in (6.6 L) AMC V8s.
In 1970, the Gladiator's front grille was changed to the same design
Jeep Wagoneer SUV. This was the truck's first styling change
since its introduction. An AMC badge was also added on the grille.
Jeep J10 pickup
J20-based Ambulance built like a chassis-camper (New Zealand)
The Gladiator name was dropped after 1971, after which the line was
known simply as the
Jeep pickup, or J-series. The pickups were
designated as J2000 and J4000 models (the 3000 series was dropped in
1971) until 1973, then as J10 and J20 models from 1974 to 1988.
From 1971 to 1972
Jeep pickups offered the AMC 304 cu in
(5.0 L) 210 hp (157 kW; 213 PS) V8 as an optional
The AMC 258 cu in (4.2 L) I6 engine was introduced in
1972 and offered through 1988. The engine produced 112 hp
(84 kW; 114 PS) and 210 lb⋅ft (285 N⋅m) of
The AMC 360 cu in (5.9L) was offered in 1971 and through 1988.
Producing in early versions 175 hp (130 kW; 177 PS) and
245 lb⋅ft (332 N⋅m) of torque. Later 360s produced
195 hp (145 kW; 198 PS) and 295 lb⋅ft
(400 N⋅m) of torque.
The model designations were simplified for 1974, with the J-2000 and
the J-4000, which designate wheel base, being swapped out for the J-10
and J-20, designating payload capacity. Larger brakes were made
standard and the turning radius reduced. The
Quadra-Trac system was
now available with all engines.
The AMC 401 cu in (6.6 L) was offered from 1974 through
1978. These engines are known for their toughness and excellent power
output. The 401 produced 225 hp (168 kW; 228 PS) and
320 lb⋅ft (434 N⋅m) of torque.
Jeep J-10 pickups included Dana's manual four-wheel-drive
system, a more powerful 258 cu in (4.2 L) six-cylinder
engine, and heavier axle tubes, while power front disc brakes became
standard equipment and the considerably greater GWV capacity J-20s
included AMC's 360 cu in (5.9 L) V8 engine. The
401 cu in (6.6 L) engine was optional, as well as
Quadra-Trac and both automatic and manual transmissions.
1983 saw the new full-time four-wheel drive system, Selec-Trac,
From 1981 to 1985 a rebodied version of the J-10 was built and sold as
Jeep CJ-10, featuring a CJ-like nose and cab, as well as a very
boxy redesigned rear truck-bed, somewhat resembling that of a
Chrysler bought out AMC in 1987. The full-size
Jeep Pickup line was
not only an aging model, but also competed directly with the broader
Chrysler discontinued the full-size Jeep
trucks, but continued to build the luxurious and highly profitable
Grand Wagoneer, which shared the chassis with the large pickups.
Chrysler buyout, the compact
Jeep Comanche pickup (based on
Jeep Cherokee (XJ) platform) received only minor changes and its
production continued until 1992.
U.S. military M725 ambulance
Kaiser Jeep M715
Military versions of the civilian
Jeep pickup included the M715 and
M725, built from 1967 to 1969. They were built under contract for
nations in addition to the United States. The idea was to reduce costs
by starting from a civilian truck and sharing parts with normal
production-line truck to make a “Commercial Utility
(CUCV) for the military as a 5/4 ton tactical vehicle.
Jeep J10 Honcho
Jeep tried making their pickups more "car-like" and
appealing to consumers, starting with the Pioneer package, featuring a
fancier interior, woodgrain interior and exterior trim, chromed front
bumpers, window moldings, and wheel covers, dual horns, and other
From 1976-1983 the "Honcho" trim package was offered on the J10
pickup. It consisted of bold striping and decals, and was offered with
factory extras such as the
Levi's interior or a roll bar. The content
of the Honcho package varied from year to year, but "always included
the wide-track look of the Cherokee Chief."
The Honcho was one in a series of special decal packages offered for
J-Series trucks in the mid to late 1970s, which included the
1977–1979 Golden Eagle and the 1978 "10-4" version which offered
Citizens' Band radio
Citizens' Band radio along with the decals. The Honcho
package was only available on the sportside (stepside) and short bed
trucks. Between 1980 and 1983, only 1,264 of the sportside versions
Decal packages were available for many of Jeep's vehicles in the
1970s, including a package for the
Jeep Cherokee called the Cherokee
Chief. The Golden Eagle package was also available for both the CJ
and the Cherokee.
The 1980 (1981 model year) Laredo package was perhaps the most
luxurious one, including leather bucket seats, and leather-wrapped
steering wheel, chrome interior trim, and a state-of-the-art Alpine
sound system. 
Jeep truck concepts
Jeep has shown numerous concept pickup trucks, and officials at the
automaker have "expressed interest in putting such a vehicle into
2003 small pickup truck
A production-ready version of a
Jeep Scrambler pickup was shown in
2003 at the North American Dealers Association, but was pulled after a
few hours. According to Motor Trend, there might be a "production Jeep
pickup truck in the works".
Jeep Gladiator at the 2005 Chicago Auto Show
In late-2004 a new
Jeep Gladiator concept was introduced. While not
officially intended to be sold, it was used as a demonstration "that a
Jeep pickup was in the dark recesses of DaimlerChrysler's brain
The Gladiator concept features an open-air canvas roof, fold-down
windshield, removable doors, and has an expandable truck bed. The
Gladiator has a 2.8-liter, 4-cylinder common-rail turbo diesel engine
that provides 165 hp (123 kW; 167 PS) and
295 lb⋅ft (400 N⋅m) of torque. The truck has a 6-speed
manual transmission. Ground clearance is 13.7 in (348 mm),
with a break-over angle of 23.2°, an approach angle of 47.6° and
departure angle of 38.0°. Front and rear tires are 34 in
(864 mm) and are mounted on 18x8-inch wheels. The
has a 1,500-pound (680 kg) payload.
A "midgate" made the concept Gladiator truck closer to an imitation of
the Chevrolet Avalanche, "than an attempt to revive its namesake's
Jeep announced a revealing of a new concept at the Easter
Jeep Safari in Moab, Utah. The J-12 is based on a modified Wrangler
Unlimited chassis with a 18-inch (457 mm) frame extension
allowing the use of a 6-foot (1.8 m) load bed. The styling
resembles the classic 1960s-era
Jeep Gladiator truck and features
"old-school" 16-inch smooth steel wheels with 36-inch tires, as well
as a full bench seat in the cab.
Jeep Crew Chief 715
At the 2016
Jeep Safari in Moab, Utah,
Jeep revealed seven new
concepts including a Crew Chief 715 pickup with four-doors and a
5-foot cargo bed. The design was inspired by the
Kaiser Jeep M715
military vehicle from the late 1960s that was based on the regular
Jeep Gladiator pickup. The
Jeep Crew Chief
concept rides on 20-inch beadlock wheels, and 40-inch military tires,
but is mostly based on a Wrangler Unlimited stretched to a 139 in
(3,531 mm) wheelbase.
^ a b c d e f g h i j "1963-1987
Jeep Gladiator and J-Series Pickups".
allpar.com/trucks. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
^ Elliot (22 April 2009). "
Jeep Dually Tech & Specs".
Registry. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
^ a b 1963
Jeep Wagoneer Custom – Backward Glances
^ Full Size Jeeps - J-Series Pickups — JeepTech
^ "Over-the-counter pickups". Popular Mechanics. 73 (6): 73. December
1976. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
Chrysler to end production of
Jeep Comanche". The New York Times. 6
June 1992. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
^ Allen, Jim (2004). Jeep. MBI Publishing. p. 171.
ISBN 978-0-7603-1979-6. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
^ "The new
Jeep J-10 Golden Eagle (image)". The
Jeep Pickups Page.
Retrieved 16 January 2014.
Jeep Cherokee Chief (advertisement)". adclassix.com. Retrieved 16
Jeep CJ Golden Eagle (picture)". phoenixgraphix.com. Retrieved 16
^ a b Peterson, Andrew (21 June 2010). "Jeep's Future: Does It Include
a Small Pickup Truck?". Motor Trend. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
^ a b Morr, Tom; Brubaker, Ken (2007). The Joy of Jeep. MBI
Publishing. p. 147. ISBN 978-0-7603-3061-6. Retrieved 16
Jeep Gladiator Concept". trucks about com. Retrieved 16 January
^ a b Stoklosa, Alexander (27 March 2012). "
Jeep Mighty FC and J-12
Pickups Among Six Concepts Revealed for 2012 Moab Easter Safari". Car
and Driver. Retrieved 16 January 2014.
^ Priddle, Alisa (10 March 2016). "2016 Easter
Jeep Safari Concepts".
Motor Trend. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
^ Sutton, Mike (May 2016). "
Jeep Crew Chief 715 Concept Dissected".
Car and Driver. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
^ Brubaker, Ken (22 March 2016). "
Jeep Crew Chief 715 Exposed At Moab
EJS 2016 - Day 3: Exclusive Photos, Video, Opinions". Four Wheeler.
Retrieved 18 December 2017.
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