Jan Mayen is a Norwegian volcanic island situated in the Arctic Ocean.
It is 55 km (34 mi) long (southwest-northeast) and
373 km2 (144 sq mi) in area, partly covered by glaciers
(an area of 114.2 km (71.0 mi) around the Beerenberg
volcano).[dubious – discuss] It has two parts: larger northeast
Nord-Jan and smaller Sør-Jan, linked by a 2.5 km (1.6 mi)
wide isthmus. It lies 600 km (370 mi) northeast of Iceland
(495 km (305 mi) NE of Kolbeinsey), 500 km
(310 mi) east of central
Greenland and 1,000 km
(620 mi) west of the North Cape, Norway. The island is
mountainous, the highest summit being the
Beerenberg volcano in the
north. The isthmus is the location of the two largest lakes of the
Sørlaguna (South Lagoon), and
Nordlaguna (North Lagoon). A
third lake is called Ullerenglaguna (Ullereng Lagoon).
Jan Mayen was
formed by the
Jan Mayen hotspot.
Although administered separately,
Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Svalbard and Jan Mayen are
collectively assigned the
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2
ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code "SJ".
1 Natural resources
4.1 Unverified "discoveries" of a terra nullius
Jan Mayen during the Golden Age of Dutch exploration and discovery
4.2.1 First verified discoveries: mapping and naming
4.2.2 Dutch whaling base
4.3 19th and 20th centuries
5.1 Nature reserve
5.2 Geography and geology
5.3 Important Bird Area
6 In popular culture
7 See also
10 External links
Von Kármán vortex street
Von Kármán vortex street created by
Beerenberg volcano in the
Jan Mayen Island has one exploitable natural resource, gravel, from
the site at Trongskaret. Other than this, economic activity is limited
to providing services for employees of Norway's radio communications
and meteorological stations located on the island.
Jan Mayen has one
unpaved airstrip, Jan Mayensfield, which is about 1,585 m
(5,200 ft) long. The 124.1 km (77.1 mi) coast has no
ports or harbours, only offshore anchorages.
There are important fishing resources, and the existence of Jan Mayen
establishes a large exclusive economic zone around it. A dispute
Denmark regarding the fishing exclusion zone
Jan Mayen and
Greenland was settled in 1988 granting Denmark
the greater area of sovereignty. Significant deposits of petroleum and
natural gas are suspected by geologists to lie below Jan Mayen's
Beerenberg beyond coastal hills
Jan Mayen Island is an integral part of the Kingdom of Norway. Since
Jan Mayen has been administered by the County Governor
(fylkesmann) of the northern Norwegian county of
Nordland to which it
is closest. However, some authority over
Jan Mayen has been assigned
to the station commander of the Norwegian Defence Logistics
Organisation, a branch of the Norwegian Armed Forces.
Olonkinbyen in August
The only inhabitants on the island are personnel working for the
Norwegian Armed Forces
Norwegian Armed Forces and the Norwegian
Eighteen people spend the winter on the island, but the population may
double (35) during the summer, when heavy maintenance is performed.
Personnel serve either six months or one year, and are exchanged twice
a year in April and October. The support crew, including mechanics,
cooks, and a nurse, are among the military personnel. The military
personnel operated a
Loran-C base, until it closed at the end of
2015. Both the LORAN transmitter and the meteorological station
are located a few kilometres away from the settlement Olonkinbyen
(Olonkin City), where all personnel live.
Transport to the island is provided by
C-130 Hercules military
transport planes operated by the
Royal Norwegian Air Force
Royal Norwegian Air Force that land
at Jan Mayensfield's gravel runway. The planes fly in from
Air Station eight times a year. Since the airport does not have any
instrument landing capabilities, good visibility is required, and it
is not uncommon for the planes to have to return to Bodø, two hours
away, without landing. For heavy goods, freight ships visit during the
summer, but since there are no harbours, the ships must anchor.
The island has no indigenous population, but is assigned the ISO
3166-1 alpha-2 country code SJ (together with Svalbard). It uses the
Internet country code top-level domain (ccTLD)
.sj is allocated
but not used) and data code JN.
Jan Mayen has telephone and
internet connection over satellite, using Norwegian telephone numbers
(country code 47). Its amateur radio call sign prefix is JX. It has a
postal code, NO-8099 JAN MAYEN, but delivery time varies, especially
during the winter.
Unverified "discoveries" of a terra nullius
A beach on Jan Mayen
Between the fifth and ninth centuries (400-900 AD/CE), numerous
communities of monks originating in west Ireland (Papar) navigated
throughout the north Atlantic in leather boats, exploring and
sometimes settling in distant islands where their monastic communities
could be separated from close contact with others. Strong indicators
exist of their presence in the
Faroe Islands and
Iceland before the
arrival of the Vikings, and medieval chronicles such as the famous
Voyage of Saint Brendan the Abbot testify to the extensive interest in
exploration at the time. A modern-day trans-Atlantic journey proved
the ability of the early navigators to reach all lands of the north
Atlantic even further from Ireland than Jan Mayen—and, given
favorable winds, at a speed roughly equal to that of modern yachts.
Though quite feasible, there is nevertheless no direct physical trace
of medieval landings or settlement on Jan Mayen.
The land named Svalbarð ("cold coast") by the Vikings in the early
Landnámabók may have been
Jan Mayen (instead of
Svalbard by the Norwegians in modern times); the
Iceland to Svalbarð mentioned in this book is two days'
sailing (with favorable winds), consistent with the approximate
550 km (340 mi) to
Jan Mayen and not with the minimum
1,550 km (960 mi) to Spitsbergen. However much Jan Mayen
may have been known in Europe at that time, it was subsequently
forgotten for some centuries.
In the 17th century, many claims of the island's rediscovery were
made, spurred by the rivalry on the Arctic whaling grounds, and the
island received many names. According to Thomas Edge, an early
17th-century whaling captain who was often inaccurate, "William [sic]
Hudson" discovered the island in 1608 and named it "Hudson's Touches"
(or "Tutches"). However,
Henry Hudson could only have come by on his
voyage in 1607 (if he had made an illogical detour) and he made no
mention of it in his journal. Douglas Hunter, in Half Moon (2009),
believes Hudson may not have mentioned his supposed discovery of the
island because he was "loath to address a crew insurrection that might
well have erupted at that time, when the men realized where he was
trying to take them." This is, however, merely speculation on Hunter's
part. There is absolutely no evidence to support such a claim.
William Scoresby (1820: p. 154), referring to the
mistaken belief that the Dutch had discovered the island in 1611, Hull
whalers discovered the island "about the same time" and named it
"Trinity Island". Muller (1874: pp. 190–191) took this to mean
they had come upon
Jan Mayen in 1611 or 1612, which was repeated by
many subsequent authors. There were, in fact, no Hull whalers in
either of these years, the first Hull whaling expedition having been
sent to the island only in 1616 (see below). As with the previous
claim made by Edge, there is no cartographical or written proof for
this supposed discovery.
Jan Mayen during the Golden Age of Dutch exploration and
Age of Discovery
Age of Discovery (Age of Exploration), the Dutch were the first
(non-natives) to undisputedly explore and map many unknown isolated
areas of the world, including
Jan Mayen and the
in the Arctic Ocean.
First verified discoveries: mapping and naming
A map of
Jan Mayen during the Golden Age of Dutch exploration and
discovery (c. 1590s–1720s). This is a typical map created by Dutch
cartographers from the Golden Age of Netherlandish cartography.
The first verified discoveries of Jan Mayen, by three separate
expeditions, occurred in the summer of 1614, probably within one month
of each other. The Dutchman Fopp Gerritsz, whilst in command of a
whaling expedition sent out by the Englishman John Clarke, of Dunkirk,
claimed (in 1631) to have discovered the island on June 28 and named
it "Isabella". In January the
Noordsche Compagnie (Northern
Company), modelled on the Dutch East India Company, had been
established to support Dutch whaling in the Arctic. Two of its ships,
financed by merchants from
Amsterdam and Enkhuizen, reached Jan Mayen
in July 1614. The captains of these ships—Jan Jacobszoon May van
Schellinkhout on the Gouden Cath (Golden Cat), and Jacob de Gouwenaer
on the Orangienboom (Orange Tree)—named it Mr. Joris Eylant after
the Dutch cartographer
Joris Carolus who was on board and mapped the
island. The captains acknowledged that a third Dutch ship, the Cleyn
Swaentgen (Little Swan) captained by Jan Jansz Kerckhoff and financed
Noordsche Compagnie shareholders from Delft, had already been at
the island when they arrived. They had assumed the latter, who named
the island Maurits Eylandt (or Mauritius) after Maurice of Nassau,
Prince of Orange, would report their discovery to the States General.
Delft merchants had decided to keep the discovery secret
and returned in 1615 to hunt for their own profit. The ensuing dispute
was only settled in 1617, though both companies were allowed to whale
Jan Mayen in the meantime.
Robert Fotherby went ashore. Apparently thinking he had made
a new discovery, he named the island "Sir Thomas Smith's Island" and
the volcano "Mount Hakluyt". On a map of c. 1634, Jean Vrolicq
renamed the island Île de Richelieu.
Jan Mayen first appeared on Willem Jansz Blaeu's 1620 edition map of
Europe, originally published by Cornelis Doedz in 1606. Blaeu, who
lived in Amsterdam, named it "Jan Mayen" after captain Jan Jacobszoon
May of the Amsterdam-financed Gouden Cath. Blaeu made the first
detailed map of the island in his famous "Zeespiegel" atlas of 1623,
establishing its current name.
Dutch whaling base
Road along the west coast, about 500 m off the station.
From 1615 to 1638,
Jan Mayen was used as a whaling base by the Dutch
Noordsche Compagnie, which had been given a monopoly on whaling in the
Arctic regions by the States General in 1614. Only two ships, one from
the Noordsche Compagnie, and the other from the
Delft merchants, were
Jan Mayen in 1615. The following year a score of vessels were sent
to the island. The
Noordsche Compagnie sent eight ships escorted by
three warships under Jan Jacobsz. Schrobop; while the
sent up five ships under Adriaen Dircksz. Leversteyn, son of one of
the above merchants. There were also two ships from
by John Clarke, as well as a ship each from London and Hull.
Heertje Jansz, master of the Hope, of Enkhuizen, wrote a day-by-day
account of the season. The ships took two weeks to reach Jan Mayen,
arriving early in June. On 15 June they met the two English ships,
which Schrobop allowed to remain, on condition they gave half their
catch to the Dutch. The ships from
Dunkirk were given the same
conditions. By late July the first ship had left with a full cargo of
whale oil; the rest left early in August, several filled with oil.
That year 200 men were seasonally living and working on the island at
six temporary whaling stations (spread along the northwest coast).
During the first decade of whaling more than ten ships visited Jan
Mayen each year, while in the second period (1624 and later) five to
ten ships were sent. With the exception of a few ships from Dunkirk,
which came to the island in 1617 and were either driven away or forced
to give a third of their catch to the Dutch, only the Dutch and
merchants from Hull sent up ships to
Jan Mayen from 1616 onward.
In 1624 ten wooden houses were built in South Bay. About this time the
Dutch appear to have abandoned the temporary stations consisting of
tents of sail and crude furnaces, replacing them with two
semi-permanent stations with wooden storehouses and dwellings and
large brick furnaces, one in the above-mentioned South Bay and the
other in the North Bay. In 1628 two forts were built to protect the
stations. Among the sailors active at
Jan Mayen was the later
admiral Michiel Adriaensz de Ruyter. In 1633, at the age of 26, he was
for the first time listed as an officer aboard de Groene Leeuw (The
Green Lion). He again went to
Jan Mayen in 1635, aboard the same ship.
Old cross on the grave of seven Dutchmen, reading "Here rest brave
In 1632 the
Noordsche Compagnie expelled the Danish-employed Basque
whalers from Spitsbergen. In revenge, the latter sailed to Jan Mayen,
where the Dutch had left for the winter, to plunder the Dutch
equipment and burn down the settlements and factories. Captain Outger
Grootebroek was asked to stay the next winter (1633/34) on
Jan Mayen with six shipmates to defend the island. While a group with
the same task survived the winter on Spitsbergen, all seven on Jan
Mayen died of scurvy or trichinosis (from eating raw polar bear meat)
combined with the harsh conditions.
During the first phase of whaling the hauls were generally good, some
exceptional. For example, Mathijs Jansz. Hoepstock caught 44 whales in
Hoepstockbukta in 1619, which produced 2,300 casks of whale oil.
During the second phase the hauls were much lower. While 1631 turned
out to be a very good season, the following year, due to the weather
and ice, only eight whales were caught. In 1633 eleven ships managed
to catch just 47 whales; while a meager 42 were caught by the same
number in 1635. The bowhead whale was locally hunted to
near-extinction around 1640 (approximately 1000 had been killed and
processed on the island), at which time
Jan Mayen was abandoned and
stayed uninhabited for two and a half centuries.
19th and 20th centuries
Map of settlements on Jan Mayen
International Polar Year
International Polar Year 1882-1883 the Austro-Hungarian
North Pole Expedition stayed one year at Jan Mayen. The expedition
performed extensive mapping of the area, their maps being of such
quality that they were used until the 1950s. The Austrian polar
Jan Mayen Island was built and equipped in 1882 fully at
Count Wilczek's own expense.
Polar bears appear on Jan Mayen, although in diminished numbers
compared with earlier times. Between 1900 and 1920, there were a
number of Norwegian trappers spending winters on Jan Mayen, hunting
Arctic foxes in addition to some polar bears. But the exploitation
soon made the profits decline, and the hunting ended. Polar bears are
genetically distinguishable in this region of the Arctic from those
League of Nations
League of Nations gave
Norway jurisdiction over the island, and in
Norway opened the first meteorological station. The Norwegian
Meteorological Institute annexed the island for
Norway in 1922 and the
whole island in 1926 when Hallvard Devold was head of the weather
observations base on the island.[clarification needed] On 27 February
1930, the island was made de jure a part of the Kingdom of Norway.
During World War II, continental
Norway was invaded and occupied by
Germany in spring 1940. The four-man team on
Jan Mayen stayed at their
posts and in an act of defiance began sending their weather reports to
the United Kingdom instead of Norway. The British codenamed Jan Mayen
'Island X' and attempted to reinforce it with troops to counteract any
German attack. The Norwegian patrol boat HNoMS Fridtjof Nansen
ran aground on Nansenflua, one of the islands' many uncharted lava
reefs and the 68-man crew abandoned ship and joined the Norwegian team
on shore. The British expedition commander, prompted by the loss of
the gunboat, decided to abandon
Jan Mayen until the following spring
and radioed for a rescue ship. Within a few days a ship arrived and
evacuated the four Norwegians and their would-be reinforcements after
demolishing the weather station to prevent it from falling into German
hands. The Germans attempted to land a weather team on the island on
16 November 1940. The German naval trawler carrying the team crashed
on the rocks just off
Jan Mayen after a patrolling British destroyer
had picked them up on radar. This was not a coincidence as the German
plan had been compromised from the beginning with British wireless
interceptors of the Radio Security Service following the
communications of the
Abwehr (the German Intelligence service)
concerning the operation and the destroyer had been waiting. Most
of the crew struggled ashore and were taken prisoner by a landing
party from the destroyer.
Traditional signpost with directions to civilization on Jan Mayen
The Allies returned to the island on 10 March 1941, when the Norwegian
ship Veslekari, escorted by the patrol boat Honningsvaag, dropped 12
Norwegian weathermen on the island. The team's radio transmissions
soon betrayed its presence to the Axis, and German planes from Norway
began to bomb and strafe
Jan Mayen whenever weather would permit it,
though they did little damage. Soon supplies and reinforcements
arrived and even some anti-aircraft guns, giving the island a garrison
of a few dozen weathermen and soldiers. By 1941, Germany had given up
hope of evicting the Allies from the island and the constant air raids
On 7 August 1942, a German
Focke-Wulf Fw 200
Focke-Wulf Fw 200 "Condor", probably on a
mission to bomb the station, smashed into the nearby mountainside of
Danielssenkrateret in fog, killing all 9 crewmembers. In 1950, the
wreck of another German plane with 4 crew members was discovered on
the southwest side of the island. In 1943, the Americans
established a radio locating station named Atlantic City in the north
to try to locate German radio bases in Greenland.
After the war, the meteorological station was located at Atlantic
City, but moved in 1949 to a new location. Radio
Jan Mayen also served
as an important radio station for ship traffic in the Arctic Ocean. In
NATO decided to build the
LORAN-C network in the Atlantic Ocean,
and one of the transmitters had to be on Jan Mayen. By 1961, the new
military installations, including a new airfield, were operational.
For some time, scientists doubted if there could be any activity in
Beerenberg volcano, but in 1970 the volcano erupted, and added
another 3 km2 (1.2 sq mi) of land mass to the island
during the three-to-four weeks it lasted. It had more eruptions in
1973 and 1985. During an eruption, the sea temperature around the
island may increase from just above freezing to about 30 °C
Historic stations and huts on the island are Hoyberg, Vera, Olsbu,
Puppebu (cabin), Gamlemetten or Gamlestasjonen (the old weather
Jan Mayen Radio, Helenehytta, Margarethhytta, and Ulla (a
cabin at the foot of the Beerenberg).
A regulation dating from 2010 renders the island a nature reserve
under Norwegian jurisdiction. The aim of this regulation is to
ensure the preservation of a pristine Arctic island and the marine
life nearby, including the ocean floor. Landings at
Jan Mayen can be
done by boat. However, this is permitted only at a small part of the
Båtvika (Boat Bay). As there is no commercial airline
operating at the island, one cannot get there by plane except by
chartering one. Admission for landings by a charter plane has to be
obtained in advance. Admission to stay on the island has to be
obtained in advance, and is generally limited to a few days (or even
hours). Putting up a tent or setting up camp is prohibited. There is a
separate regulation for the stay of foreigners.
Northwest coast of Jan Mayen
Geography and geology
Soviet topographic map
Jan Mayen consists of two geographically distinct parts. Nord-Jan has
a round shape and is dominated by the 2,277 m (7,470 ft)
Beerenberg volcano with its large ice cap (114.2 km2 or
44 sq mi), which can be divided into twenty individual
outlet glaciers. The largest of those is Sørbreen, with an area of
15 km2 (5.8 sq mi) and a length of 8.7 km
(5.41 mi). South-Jan is narrow, comparatively flat and
unglaciated. Its highest elevation is
Rudolftoppen at 769 m
(2,523 ft). The station and living quarters are located on
South-Jan. The island lies at the northern end of the Jan Mayen
Microcontinent. The microcontinent was originally part of the
Greenland Plate, but now forms part of the Eurasian Plate. In terms of
land area, it is approximately twice the size of Lichtenstein with the
addition of San Marino.
Important Bird Area
The island was identified as an
Important Bird Area
Important Bird Area (IBA) by BirdLife
International because it is a breeding site for large numbers of
seabirds, supporting populations of northern fulmars (78,000–160,000
pairs), little auks (10,000–100,000 pairs), thick-billed guillemot
(74,000–147,000 pairs) and black guillemots (100–1,000 pairs).
Jan Mayen has a hyperoceanic polar climate, similar to
Svalbard, with a Köppen classification of ET. The Gulf Stream's
powerful influence makes seasonal temperature variations extremely
small considering the latitude of the island, with ranges from around
6 °C (43 °F) in August to −6 °C (21 °F) in
February, but also makes the island extremely cloudy with little
sunshine even during the continuous polar day. The deep snow cover
prevents any permafrost from developing despite a mean annual
temperature slightly below freezing.
Climate data for
Jan Mayen (1961-1990, extremes 1921-present)
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Mean monthly sunshine hours
Source #1: Norwegian
The Weather Network
The Weather Network (humidity), World Climate data
In popular culture
Jan Mayen is featured in various popular media such as video games.
The island is featured in other Paradox Interactive games such as
Victoria 2, in which the player can release
Jan Mayen as a nation. In
the game Tomb Raider Underworld, the island is featured as one of the
main settings. In Europa Universalis IV,
Jan Mayen is a special nation
only generated through the console.
Svalbard and Jan Mayen
List of islands of Norway
List of islands of
Norway by area
^ "Oil majors eye oil, gas off Arctic
Jan Mayen island". reuters.
^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2015-10-14. Retrieved
^ "Loran C er historie" (in Norwegian).
^ "The .bv and
.sj top level domains". Archived from the original on
February 7, 2009. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
^ Severin, Tim (2000) , The Brendan Voyage, Random House
^ a b c J. M. Wordie (1922), "
Jan Mayen Island", The Geographical
Journal Vol 59 (3), pp. 180-194
^ a b c d e f g Louwrens Hacquebord, "The
Jan Mayen Whaling Industry"
Jan Mayen Island in Scientific Focus, Stig Skreslet, editor,
Springer Verlag 2004
^ Holland, Clive (1994). Arctic Exploration and Development, c. 500
B.C. to 1915: an encyclopedia. New York: Garland.
^ Hart, S. De eerste Nederlandse tochten ter walvisvaart (1957), p.
50. Hart says it occurred in 1613.
^ Alexander King, J. N. Jennings: The Imperial College Expedition to
Jan Mayen Island. The Geographical Journal, Vol. 94, No. 2 (Aug 1939),
^ Among others: Henrat, P. 1984. French Naval Operations in
Spitsbergen During Louis XIV’s Reign. Arctic 37: 544-551, p.544.
Conway, William Martin (1906). No Man's Land: A History of Spitsbergen
from Its Discovery in 1596 to the Beginning of the Scientific
Exploration of the Country. Cambridge, At the University Press, p. 79.
He called it "Pico" according to Dalgård, Sune (1962). Dansk-Norsk
Hvalfangst 1615-1660: En Studie over Danmark-Norges Stilling i
Europæisk Merkantil Expansion. G.E.C Gads Forlag, p.160
^ Samuel Muller. 1874. Geschiedenis van de Noordsche Compagnie. Gebr
van der Post.
^ a b Sune Dalgård. 1962. Dansk-Norsk Hvalfangst 1615-1660: En Studie
over Danmark-Norges Stilling i Europæisk Merkantil Expansion. G.E.C
^ "Journaal van schipper Heertgen Jansz d anno 1616" (in Dutch).
^ Appleby, John C. "Conflict, cooperation and competition: The rise
and fall of the Hull whaling trade during the seventeenth century".
The Northern Mariner, XVIII No. 2, (April 2008), 23-59.
^ Michael Jones and Kenneth Olwig. 2008. Nordic Landscapes: Region and
Belonging on the Northern Edge of Europe, University of Minnesota
Press, ISBN 0-8166-3914-0, ISBN 978-0-8166-3914-4
^ Hogan, C. Michael (2008). Stromberg, N, ed. "Polar Bear: Ursus
maritimus". globaltwitcher.com. Archived from the original on
2008-12-24. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
^ a b Rigge, Simon (1980), War in the Outposts, pp. 24–25.
Alexandria, Virginia: Time-Life Books.
^ TNA HW 19/37~~~~
^ "The crash site at Danielssenkrateret". Archived from the original
on 2012-10-04. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
Jan Mayen History". Retrieved 2014-05-29.
^ "FOR 2010-11-19 nr 1456: Forskrift om fredning av Jan Mayen
naturreservat" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on
2012-08-04. Retrieved 2012-07-11.
^ "FOR 1962-06-01 nr 01: Forskrifter om utlendingers adgang til Jan
Mayen" (in Norwegian). Archived from the original on 2012-08-04.
Jan Mayen island". Important Bird Areas factsheet. BirdLife
International. 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-22.
^ "NORWAY - JAN MAYEN". Retrieved 7 May 2014. [dead link]
^ "Statistics: Jan Mayen, Norway". The Weather Network. Retrieved
Jan Mayen Climate Guide". Retrieved 2014-05-29.
Ledgard, J.M. (2011) Submergence Coffee House Press.
Umbreit, Andreas (2005) Spitsbergen :
Svalbard - Franz Josef Land
- Jan Mayen, 3rd ed., Chalfont St. Peter : Bradt Travel Guides,
Find more aboutJan Mayenat's sister projects
Definitions from Wiktionary
Media from Wikimedia Commons
Travel guide from Wikivoyage
Data from Wikidata
"Jan Mayen". The World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency.
Jan Mayen at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
Jan Mayen year round webcam[dead link]
Jan Mayen at Norwegian Polar Institute
TopoJanMayen – Interactive map of
Jan Mayen by the Norwegian Polar
Photographs and information on Jan Mayen
Satellite Radar image of Jan Mayen
Glaciers of Jan Mayen
www.janmayen2011.org - a site about JX5O - international ham radio
Jan Mayen island in 2011
LORAN-C Transmission Mast (Jan Mayen) at Structurae
Weather forecasts for
Jan Mayen at yr
.no (Norwegian Meteorological
institute and NRK)
 uscg spar 403 1966
Jan Mayen Microcontinent
Svalbard and Jan Mayen
Svalbard and Jan Mayen (ISO 3166-2:SJ)
Integral overseas areas and dependencies of Norway
Peter I Island
Queen Maud Land
Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch East India Company
Northeast coast of Java
West coast of Sumatra
Colonies and trading posts of the Dutch West India Company
Colonies in the Americas
Curaçao and Dependencies
Sint Eustatius and Dependencies
Trading posts in Africa
1 Governed by the Society of Berbice
2 Governed by the Society of Suriname
Settlements of the
Noordsche Compagnie (1614–1642)
Colonies of the
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands (1815–1962)
Dutch East Indies
Curaçao and Dependencies 3
3 Became constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands;
Suriname gained full independence in 1975,
Curaçao and Dependencies
was renamed to the
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dissolved in 2010.
Kingdom of the Netherlands
Kingdom of the Netherlands (1954–present)
Public bodies of the Netherlands
BNF: cb11979999v (data)