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The Info List - James Cameron


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James Francis Cameron[2] (born August 16, 1954) is a Canadian filmmaker, philanthropist, and deep-sea explorer.[3][4] After working in special effects, he found major success after directing and writing the science fiction action film The Terminator
The Terminator
(1984). He then became a popular Hollywood director and was hired to write and direct Aliens (1986); three years later he followed up with The Abyss
The Abyss
(1989). He found further critical acclaim for his use of special effects in Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991). After his film True Lies
True Lies
(1994), Cameron took on his biggest film at the time, Titanic (1997), which earned him Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Picture, Best Director and Best Film Editing. After Titanic, Cameron began a project that took almost 10 years to make: his science-fiction epic Avatar
Avatar
(2009), which was in particular a landmark for 3D technology, and for which he received nominations for the same three Academy Awards. Despite Avatar
Avatar
being his only movie made to date in 3D, Cameron is the most successful 3D film-maker in terms of box-office revenue.[5] In the time between making Titanic and Avatar, Cameron spent several years creating many documentary films (specifically underwater documentaries) and co-developed the digital 3D Fusion Camera System. Described by a biographer as part scientist and part artist,[6] Cameron has also contributed to underwater filming and remote vehicle technologies.[3][4][7] On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the bottom of the Mariana Trench, the deepest part of the ocean, in the Deepsea Challenger
Deepsea Challenger
submersible.[8][9][10] He is the first person to do this in a solo descent, and is only the third person to do so ever. In total, Cameron's directorial efforts have grossed approximately US$2 billion in North America and US$6 billion worldwide.[11] Not adjusted for inflation, Cameron's Titanic and Avatar
Avatar
are the two highest-grossing films of all time at $2.19 billion and $2.78 billion respectively. Cameron also holds the distinction of having directed two of the three films in history to gross over $2 billion worldwide.[12] In March 2011, he was named Hollywood's top earner by Vanity Fair, with estimated 2010 earnings of $257 million.[13] In October 2013, a new species of frog Pristimantis jamescameroni
Pristimantis jamescameroni
from Venezuela was named after him in recognition of his efforts in environmental awareness, in addition to his public promotion of veganism.[14][15][16]

Contents

1 Early life 2 Early career 3 Major films

3.1 The Terminator
The Terminator
(1984) 3.2 Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) 3.3 Aliens (1986) 3.4 The Abyss
The Abyss
(1989) 3.5 Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) 3.6 True Lies
True Lies
(1994) 3.7 Strange Days (1995) 3.8 Titanic (1997) 3.9 Spider-Man
Spider-Man
and Dark Angel (2000–2002) 3.10 Documentaries (2002–2012) 3.11 Avatar
Avatar
(2009) 3.12 Sanctum (2011) 3.13 Avatar
Avatar
sequels (2020–2025) 3.14 Future projects 3.15 Cancelled films

4 Personal life

4.1 Relationships 4.2 Deep sea dives 4.3 Veganism 4.4 Notable affiliations 4.5 Disagreements with fellow artists

5 Influence 6 Reputation 7 Awards

7.1 Awards

8 Collaborations 9 Recurring themes 10 Filmography 11 Reception 12 See also 13 References 14 Further reading 15 External links

Early life Cameron was born in 1954 in Kapuskasing, Ontario, Canada, the son of Shirley (née Lowe), an artist and nurse, and Phillip Cameron, an electrical engineer.[17][18] His paternal great-great-great-grandfather emigrated from Balquhidder, Scotland, in 1825.[17] Cameron grew up in Chippawa, Ontario, and attended Stamford Collegiate School in Niagara Falls, Ontario. His family moved to Brea, California in 1971, when Cameron was 17 years old.[19] He dropped out of Sonora High School, then attended Brea Olinda High School
Brea Olinda High School
to further his secondary education. Cameron enrolled at Fullerton College, a two-year community college, in 1973 to study physics. He switched to English, then dropped out before the start of the fall 1974 semester.[20] Next, he worked several jobs, including as a truck driver, writing when he had time.[21] During this period he taught himself about special effects: "I'd go down to the USC library and pull any thesis that graduate students had written about optical printing, or front screen projection, or dye transfers, anything that related to film technology. That way I could sit down and read it, and if they'd let me photocopy it, I would. If not, I'd make notes."[22] Cameron quit his job as a truck driver to enter the film industry after seeing Star Wars
Star Wars
in 1977.[23] When Cameron read Syd Field's book Screenplay, it occurred to him that integrating science and art was possible, and he wrote a 10-minute science-fiction script with two friends, titled Xenogenesis. They raised money, rented camera, lenses, film stock and studio then shot it in 35 mm. They dismantled the camera to understand how to operate it and spent the first half-day of the shoot trying to figure out how to get it running. Early career He was the director, writer, producer, and production designer for Xenogenesis (1978). He then became an uncredited production assistant on Rock and Roll High School
Rock and Roll High School
in 1979. While continuing to educate himself in filmmaking techniques, Cameron started working as a miniature model maker at Roger Corman
Roger Corman
Studios.[21] Making rapidly produced, low-budget productions taught Cameron to work efficiently. He soon found employment as an art director in the sci-fi movie Battle Beyond the Stars (1980). He did special effects work design and direction on John Carpenter's Escape from New York
Escape from New York
(1981), acted as production designer on Galaxy of Terror
Galaxy of Terror
(1981), and consulted on the design of Android (1982). Cameron was hired as the special effects director for the sequel to Piranha, entitled Piranha II: The Spawning in 1981. The original director, Miller Drake, left the project due to creative differences with producer Ovidio Assonitis, who then gave Cameron his first job as director. The interior scenes were filmed in Rome, Italy, while the underwater sequences were shot at Grand Cayman Island.[24] The movie was to be produced in Jamaica. On location, production slowed due to numerous problems and adverse weather. James Cameron
James Cameron
was fired after failing to get a close up of Carole Davis in her opening scene. Ovidio ordered Cameron to do the close-up the next day before he started on that day's shooting. Cameron spent the entire day sailing around the resort, reproducing the lighting but still failed to get the close-up. After he was fired, Ovidio invited Cameron to stay on location and assist in the shooting. Once in Rome, Ovidio took over the editing when Cameron was stricken with food poisoning. During his illness, Cameron had a nightmare about an invincible robot hitman sent from the future to kill him, giving him the idea for The Terminator, which later catapulted his film career.[24] Major films The Terminator
The Terminator
(1984) Main article: The Terminator

Cameron in September 1986

After completing a screenplay for The Terminator, Cameron decided to sell it so that he could direct the movie. However, the production companies he contacted, while expressing interest in the project, were unwilling to let a largely inexperienced feature film director make the movie. Finally, Cameron found a company called Hemdale Pictures, which was willing to let him direct. Gale Anne Hurd, who had started her own production company, Pacific Western Productions, had previously worked with Cameron in Roger Corman's company and agreed to buy Cameron's screenplay for one dollar, on the condition that Cameron direct the film. Hurd was signed on as a producer, and Cameron finally got his first break as director. Orion Pictures
Orion Pictures
distributed the film. Hurd and Cameron were married from 1985 to 1989. For the role of the Terminator, Cameron envisioned a man who was not exceptionally muscular, who could "blend into" a crowd. Lance Henriksen, who had starred in Piranha II: The Spawning, was considered for the title role, but when Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
and Cameron first met over lunch to discuss Schwarzenegger's playing the role of Kyle Reese, both came to the conclusion that the cyborg villain would be the more compelling role for the Austrian bodybuilder; Henriksen got the smaller part of LAPD detective Hal Vukovich and the role of Kyle Reese went to Michael Biehn. In addition, Linda Hamilton
Linda Hamilton
first appeared in this film in her iconic role of Sarah Connor, and later married Cameron.[18] The Terminator
The Terminator
was a box-office hit, breaking expectations by Orion Pictures executives that the film would be regarded as no more than a sci-fi film, and then only last a week in theaters. It was a low-budget film which cost $6.5 million to make, cutting expenses in such ways as recording the audio track in mono. However, The Terminator eventually earned over $78 million worldwide.[25] Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) Main article: Rambo: First Blood Part II During the early 1980s, Cameron wrote three screenplays simultaneously: The Terminator, Aliens, and the first draft of Rambo: First Blood Part II. While Cameron continued with The Terminator
The Terminator
and Aliens, Sylvester Stallone
Sylvester Stallone
eventually took over the script of Rambo: First Blood Part II, creating a final draft which differed radically from Cameron's initial vision.[26] Aliens (1986) Main article: Aliens (film)

The producing team behind Aliens, James Cameron
James Cameron
and Gale Ann Hurd

Cameron next began the sequel to Alien, the 1979 film by Ridley Scott. Cameron named the sequel Aliens and again cast Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
in the iconic role of Ellen Ripley. According to Cameron, the crew on Aliens was hostile to him, regarding him as a poor substitute for Ridley Scott. Cameron sought to show them The Terminator
The Terminator
but the majority of the crew refused to watch it and remained skeptical of his direction throughout production. Despite this and other off-screen problems (such as clashing with an uncooperative camera man and having to replace one of the lead actors when Michael Biehn
Michael Biehn
of Terminator took James Remar's place as Corporal Hicks), Aliens became a box-office success. It received Academy Award nominations for Best Actress for Weaver, Best Art Direction, Best Film Editing, Best Original Score, Best Sound, and won awards for Best Sound Editing and Best Visual Effects. In addition, the film and its lead actress made the cover of TIME magazine as a result of numerous and extensive scenes of women in combat; these were almost without precedent and expressed the feminist theme of the film very strongly. The Abyss
The Abyss
(1989) Main article: The Abyss Cameron's next project stemmed from an idea that had come up during a high school biology class. The story of oil-rig workers who discover otherworldly underwater creatures became the basis of Cameron's screenplay for The Abyss, which cast Ed Harris, Mary Elizabeth Mastrantonio and Michael Biehn. Initially budgeted at $41 million United States (though the production ran considerably over budget), it was considered to be one of the most expensive films of its time and required cutting-edge effects technology. Because much of the filming took place underwater and the technology wasn't advanced enough to digitally create an underwater environment, Cameron chose to shoot much of the movie "reel-for-real", at depths of up to 40 feet (12 m). For creation of the sets, the containment building of an unfinished nuclear power plant was converted, and two huge tanks were used.[27] The main tank was filled with 7,500,000 US gallons (28,000,000 L) of water and the second with 2,500,000 US gallons (9,500,000 L). The cast and crew resided there for much of the filming. Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) Main article: Terminator 2: Judgment Day After the success of The Terminator, there had been talking about a sequel to continue the story of Sarah Connor and her struggle against machines from the future. Although Cameron had come up with a core idea for the sequel, and Schwarzenegger expressed interest in continuing the story, there were still problems regarding who had the rights to the story, as well as the logistics of the special effects needed to make the sequel. Finally, in the late-1980s, Mario Kassar
Mario Kassar
of Carolco Pictures secured the rights to the sequel, allowing Cameron to greenlight production of the film, now called Terminator 2: Judgment Day. For the film, Linda Hamilton
Linda Hamilton
reprised her iconic role of Sarah Connor.[28] In addition, Schwarzenegger also returned in his role as The Terminator, but this time as a protector. Unlike Schwarzenegger's character—the T-800 Terminator which is made of a metal endoskeleton—the new villain of the sequel, called the T-1000, is a more advanced Terminator made of liquid metal, and with polymorphic abilities. The T-1000
T-1000
would also be much less bulky than the T-800. For the role, Cameron cast Robert Patrick, a sharp contrast to Schwarzenegger. Cameron explained, "I wanted someone who was extremely fast and agile. If the T-800 is a human Panzer tank, then the T-1000 is a Porsche." Cameron had originally wanted to incorporate this advanced-model-Terminator into the first film, but the special effects at the time were not advanced enough. The ground-breaking effects used in The Abyss
The Abyss
to digitally depict the water tentacle convinced Cameron that his liquid metal villain was now possible. TriStar Pictures
TriStar Pictures
agreed to distribute the film, but required a locked release date, intended to be about one year after the start of shooting. The movie, co-written by Cameron and his longtime friend, William Wisher Jr., had to go from screenplay to finished film in just that amount of time. Like Cameron's previous film, it was one of the most expensive films of its era, with a budget of about $100 million. The biggest challenge of the movie was the special effects used in creating the T-1000. Nevertheless, the film was finished on time and released to theaters on July 3, 1991. Terminator 2, or T2, as it was abbreviated, broke box-office records (including the opening weekend record for an R-rated film), earning over $200 million in the United States and Canada, and over $300 million in other territories, and became the highest-grossing film of that year. It won four Academy Awards: Best Makeup, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Effects Editing, and Best Visual Effects. It was also nominated for Best Cinematography and Best Film Editing, but lost both Awards to JFK. James Cameron
James Cameron
announced a third Terminator film many times during the 1990s, but without coming out with any finished scripts. Kassar and Vajna purchased the rights to the Terminator franchise from a bankruptcy sale of Carolco's assets.[29] Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines was eventually made and released in July 2003 without Cameron's involvement. Jonathan Mostow directed the film and Schwarzenegger returned as the Terminator. Cameron reunited with the main cast of Terminator 2
Terminator 2
to film T2 3-D: Battle Across Time, an attraction at Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Florida, Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Hollywood, and Universal Studios
Universal Studios
Japan. It was released in 1996 and was a mini-sequel to Terminator 2: Judgment Day. The show is in two parts: a prequel segment in which a spokesperson talks about Cyberdyne, and the main feature, in which the performers interact with a 3-D movie. True Lies
True Lies
(1994) Main article: True Lies Before the release of T2, Schwarzenegger came to Cameron with the idea of remaking the French comedy La Totale! Titled True Lies, with filming beginning after T2's release, the story revolves around a secret-agent spy who leads a double life as a married man, whose wife believes he is a computer salesman. Schwarzenegger was cast as Harry Tasker, a spy charged with stopping a plan by a terrorist to use nuclear weapons against the United States. Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
and Eliza Dushku played the character's family, and Tom Arnold the sidekick. Cameron's Lightstorm Entertainment
Lightstorm Entertainment
signed on with Twentieth Century Fox for the production of True Lies. Made on a budget of $115 million and released in 1994, the film earned $146 million in North America, and $232 million abroad. The film received an Academy Award nomination for Best Visual Effects. Strange Days (1995) Main article: Strange Days (film) An American science-fiction action thriller film directed by Kathryn Bigelow. It was co-written, produced, and co-edited by Cameron, her ex-husband, and co-written by Jay Cocks.[30] Titanic (1997) Main article: Titanic (1997 film) Cameron expressed interest in the 1912 sinking of the ship RMS Titanic and decided to script and film his next project based on this event. The picture revolved around a fictional romance story between two young lovers from different social classes who meet on board. Before production began, he took dives to the bottom of the Atlantic and shot actual footage of the ship underwater,[31] which he inserted into the final film. Much of the film's dialogue was also written during these dives.[citation needed] Subsequently, Cameron cast Leonardo DiCaprio, Kate Winslet, Billy Zane, Kathy Bates, Frances Fisher, Gloria Stuart, Bernard Hill, Jonathan Hyde, Victor Garber, Danny Nucci, David Warner, Suzy Amis, and Bill Paxton
Bill Paxton
as the film's principal cast. Cameron's budget for the film reached about $200 million, making it the most expensive movie ever made at the time. Before its release, the film was widely ridiculed for its expense and protracted production schedule.[32] Released to theaters on December 19, 1997, Titanic grossed less in its first weekend ($28.6 million) than in its second ($35.4 million), an increase of 23.8%. This is unheard of for a widely released film, which is a testament to the movie's appeal. This was especially noteworthy, considering that the film's running time of more than three hours limited the number of showings each theater could schedule. It held the No. 1 spot on the box-office charts for months, eventually grossing a total of $600.8 million in the United States and Canada and more than $1.84 billion worldwide. Titanic became the highest-grossing film of all time, both worldwide and in the United States and Canada, and was also the first film to gross more than $1 billion worldwide. It was the highest-grossing film from 1998 until 2010, when Cameron's 2009 film Avatar
Avatar
surpassed its gross.[33] The CG visuals surrounding the sinking and destruction of the ship were considered spectacular.[34] Despite criticism during production of the film, it received a record-tying 14 Oscar nominations (tied with All About Eve) at the 1998 Academy Awards. It won 11 Oscars (also tying the record for most Oscar wins with Ben-Hur and later The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King), including: Best Picture, Best Director, Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Visual Effects, Best Film Editing, Best Costume Design, Best Sound Mixing, Best Sound Editing, Best Original Dramatic Score, Best Original Song.[35] Upon receiving the Best Director Oscar, Cameron exclaimed, "I'm king of the world!", in reference to one of the main characters' lines from the film. After receiving the Best Picture Oscar along with Jon Landau, Cameron asked for a moment of silence for the 1,500 men, women, and children who died when the ship sank.[36] In March 2010, Cameron revealed that Titanic would be re-released in 3D in April 2012, to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the sinking of the real ship.[37] On March 27, 2012, Cameron attended the world première with Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
at the Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall
in London.[38] Following the re-release, Titanic's domestic total was pushed to $658.6 million and more than $2.18 billion worldwide. It became the second film to gross more than $2 billion worldwide (the first being Avatar). Spider-Man
Spider-Man
and Dark Angel (2000–2002) Main articles: Spider-Man
Spider-Man
in film and Dark Angel (TV series) Cameron had initially next planned to do a film of the comic-book character Spider-Man, a project developed by Menahem Golan
Menahem Golan
of Cannon Films. Columbia hired David Koepp to adapt Cameron's treatment into a screenplay, and Koepp's first draft is taken often word-for-word from Cameron's story,[39] though later drafts were heavily rewritten by Koepp himself, Scott Rosenberg, and Alvin Sargent. Columbia preferred to credit David Koepp solely, and none of the scripts before or after his were ever examined by the Writers Guild of America, East to determine proper credit attribution.[citation needed] Cameron and other writers objected, but Columbia and the WGA prevailed. In its release in 2002, Spider-Man
Spider-Man
had its screenplay credited solely to Koepp.[40] Unable to make Spider-Man, Cameron moved to television and created Dark Angel, a superheroine-centered series influenced by cyberpunk, biopunk, contemporary superhero franchises, and third-wave feminism. Co-produced with Charles H. Eglee, Dark Angel starred Jessica Alba
Jessica Alba
as Max Guevara, a genetically enhanced super-soldier created by a secretive organization. According to a website called DarkAngelFan.com, Cameron's work was said to "bring empowered female warriors back to television screens [...] by mixing the sober feminism of his Terminator and Aliens characters with the sexed-up Girl Power of a Britney Spears concert."[41] While a success in its first season, low ratings in the second led to its cancellation. Cameron himself directed the series finale, a two-hour episode wrapping up many of the series' loose ends. Documentaries (2002–2012)

Cameron in February 2010

In 1998 James and John David Cameron formed a digital media company, earthship.tv, which became Earthship Productions.[42] The company produced live multimedia documentaries from the depths of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans. With Earthship Productions, John Cameron's recent projects have included undersea documentaries on the Bismarck (Expedition: Bismarck, 2002) and the Titanic (Ghosts of the Abyss (2003, in IMAX 3D) and Tony Robinson's Titanic Adventure (2005)).[43] He was a producer on the 2002 film Solaris, and narrated The Exodus Decoded. Cameron is an advocate for stereoscopic digital 3D films. In a 2003 interview about his IMAX 2D documentary Ghosts of the Abyss, he mentioned that he is "going to do everything in 3D now".[44] He has made similar statements in other interviews. Ghosts of the Abyss
Ghosts of the Abyss
and Aliens of the Deep (also an IMAX documentary) were both shot in 3-D and released by Walt Disney Pictures
Walt Disney Pictures
and Walden Media, and Cameron did the same for his new project, Avatar
Avatar
for 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
& Sony Pictures' Columbia Pictures. He intends to use the same technology for The Dive, Sanctum and an adaptation of the manga series Battle Angel Alita. Cameron was the co-founder and CEO of Digital Domain, a visual-effects production and technology company. In addition, he plans to create a 3-D project about the first trip to Mars. ("I've been very interested in the Humans to Mars
Mars
movement—the ' Mars
Mars
Underground'—and I've done a tremendous amount of personal research for a novel, a miniseries, and a 3-D film.")[45] He is on the science team for the 2011 Mars
Mars
Science Laboratory.[46] Cameron announced on February 26, 2007, that he, along with his director, Simcha Jacobovici, have documented the unearthing of the Talpiot Tomb, which is alleged to be the tomb of Jesus. Unearthed in 1980 by Israeli construction workers, the names on the tomb are claimed, in the documentary, to correlate with the names of Jesus and several individuals closely associated with him. The documentary, named The Lost Tomb of Jesus, was broadcast on the Discovery Channel on March 4, 2007. As a National Geographic explorer-in-residence,[47] Cameron re-investigated the sinking of the Titanic with eight experts in 2012. The investigation was featured in the TV documentary special Titanic: The Final Word with James Cameron, which premiered on April 8 on the National Geographic Channel.[48] In the conclusion of the analysis, the consensus revised the CGI animation of the sinking conceived in 1995.[49][50] Avatar
Avatar
(2009) Main article: Avatar
Avatar
(2009 film)

Cameron promoting Avatar
Avatar
during the 2009 San Diego
San Diego
Comic-Con

In June 2005, Cameron was announced to be working on a project tentatively titled "Project 880" (now known to be Avatar) in parallel with another project, Alita: Battle Angel
Battle Angel
(an adaptation of the manga series Battle Angel
Battle Angel
Alita).[51] Both movies were to be shot in 3D. By December, Cameron stated that he wanted to film Battle Angel
Battle Angel
first, followed by Avatar. However, in February 2006, he switched goals for the two film projects and decided to film Avatar
Avatar
first. He mentioned that if both films were successful, he would be interested in seeing a trilogy being made for both.[52] Alita: Battle Angel
Battle Angel
eventually began production in 2016 with Cameron writing and producing and Robert Rodriguez directing.[53] Avatar
Avatar
had an estimated budget of over $300 million and was released on December 18, 2009.[54] This marked his first feature film since 1997's Titanic. It is composed almost entirely of computer-generated animation, using a more-advanced version of the "performance capture" technique used by director Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
in The Polar Express.[55] James Cameron
James Cameron
had written an 80-page scriptment for Avatar
Avatar
in 1995[56] and announced in 1996 that he would make the film after completing Titanic. In December 2006, Cameron explained that the delay in producing the film since the 1990s had been to wait until the technology necessary to create his project was advanced enough, since at the time no studio would finance for the development of the visual effects.[57] The film was originally scheduled to be released in May 2009 but was pushed back to December 2009 to allow more time for post-production on the complex CGI and to give more time for theatres worldwide to install 3D projectors.[58] Cameron originally intended Avatar
Avatar
to be 3D-only.[59] Avatar
Avatar
broke several box office records during its initial theatrical run. It grossed $749.7 million in the United States and Canada and more than $2.74 billion worldwide, becoming the highest-grossing film of all time in the United States and Canada, surpassing Cameron's Titanic.[60] Avatar
Avatar
also became the first movie to ever earn more than $2 billion worldwide. Including revenue from the re-release of Avatar
Avatar
featuring extended footage, it grossed $760.5 million in the United States and Canada and more than $2.78 billion worldwide. It was nominated for nine Academy Awards, including Best Picture and Best Director,[61] and won three for Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography and Best Visual Effects. Avatar's success made Cameron the highest earner in Hollywood for 2010, netting him $257 million as reported by Vanity Fair.[62] Disney announced in September 2011 that it would adapt James Cameron's film Avatar
Avatar
into Pandora–The World of Avatar,[63] a themed area at Disney's Animal Kingdom
Disney's Animal Kingdom
in Lake Buena Vista, Florida.

Sanctum (2011) Main article: Sanctum (film) Cameron served as the executive producer of Sanctum, a film detailing the expedition of a team of underwater cave divers who find themselves trapped in a cave, their exit blocked and with no known way to reach the surface either in person or by radio contact. Avatar
Avatar
sequels (2020–2025) In August 2013, Cameron announced his intention to film three sequels to Avatar
Avatar
simultaneously, to be released in December 2016, 2017, and 2018.[64] However, on January 14, 2015, Cameron announced that the release dates for the three sequels were each delayed a year with the first sequel scheduled to be released in December 2017.[65][66] In September 2017, the sequels to Avatar
Avatar
started production with the plan for the first to be released in December 2020, the next in 2021 and a further two in 2024 and 2025 respectively. Deadline.com estimated that the budget for these would be over $1 billion in total.[67] Avatar 2
Avatar 2
and Avatar 3
Avatar 3
started preliminary shooting simultaneously in Manhattan Beach, California
Manhattan Beach, California
on August 15, 2017, followed by principal photography in New Zealand
New Zealand
on September 25, 2017.[68][69][70][71][72][73] The other sequels are expected to start shooting as soon as Avatar 2
Avatar 2
and 3's filming wraps.[74][75][76] Although the last two sequels have been greenlit, Cameron stated in a November 26, 2017 interview: "Let’s face it, if Avatar 2
Avatar 2
and 3 don’t make enough money, there’s not going to be a 4 and 5".[77] Future projects His original plans were to do Battle Angel
Battle Angel
next, but he changed his mind due to Avatar's success; "My intention when I made Avatar
Avatar
was to do Battle Angel
Battle Angel
next. However, the positive feedback for Avatar
Avatar
and the support of the message of Avatar, encouraged me to do more of those films."[78] Cameron's Lightstorm Entertainment
Lightstorm Entertainment
bought the film rights to the Taylor Stevens novel The Informationist in October 2012 with plans for Cameron to direct it. A screenwriter will be hired to adapt the novel while Cameron works on the Avatar
Avatar
sequels.[79] Another project Cameron has announced is a personal commitment to shoot a film on the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki as told through the story of Tsutomu Yamaguchi, a man who survived both attacks. Cameron met with Yamaguchi just days before he died in 2010.[80] In January 2017, it was reported that Cameron would be returning to the Terminator franchise as producer and creative consultant for the next film installment, with Tim Miller signed on as director.[81] In May 2017, Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
confirmed that he will return in the film and that James Cameron
James Cameron
will be involved.[82] In January 2017 it was also announced that Cameron would be making a documentary about the history of science fiction. Cameron stated, "Without Jules Verne and H. G. Wells, there wouldn’t have been Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
or Robert A. Heinlein, and without them, there wouldn’t be [George] Lucas, [Steven] Spielberg, Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
or me."[83] Cancelled films In the mid-1990s, Cameron announced that he would make a Spider-Man film, with Leonardo DiCaprio
Leonardo DiCaprio
starring as Spider-Man
Spider-Man
and Arnold Schwarzenegger starring as Doctor Octopus. The project was cancelled and dropped by Cameron, and his script was rewritten by David Koepp for the 2002 movie Spider-Man, directed by Sam Raimi.[citation needed] In 1996, James Cameron
James Cameron
decided to produce the new installment in the Planet of the Apes
Planet of the Apes
franchise, but it was cancelled before the Tim Burton version was made.[84] Personal life Although Cameron has resided in the United States since 1971, he remains a Canadian citizen. Cameron applied for American citizenship in 2004, but withdrew his application after George W. Bush
George W. Bush
won the presidential election.[85] Cameron divides his time between his home in California and his second home in New Zealand, a country he fell in love with when he was filming Avatar.[86] In 2016, Cameron partnered with Tourism New Zealand
New Zealand
to produce a series of videos that expressed his love for the country.[87] Cameron calls himself "Converted Agnostic", and says "I've sworn off agnosticism, which I now call cowardly atheism". As a child he described the Lord's Prayer
Lord's Prayer
as being a "tribal chant".[88] He has been a close friend of fellow filmmaker Guillermo del Toro since they met during the production of Del Toro's 1993 film Cronos.[89] Around 1997, Del Toro's father, Federico del Toro Torres, was kidnapped in Guadalajara; immediately after learning of the kidnapping, Cameron took Del Toro and gave him over $1 million in cash he just withdrew to help paying the ransom.[89] After the ransom was paid, Federico was released, having spent 72 days abducted. The culprits were never apprehended, and the money of both Cameron and Del Toro's family was never recovered; Del Toro and his family moved outside of Mexico after the event, in fear of a similar event happening again.[89][90][91] Relationships Cameron has been married five times to the following spouses: Sharon Williams (1978–1984), Gale Anne Hurd
Gale Anne Hurd
(1985–1989), director Kathryn Bigelow (1989–1991), Linda Hamilton
Linda Hamilton
(1997–1999, daughter Josephine born in 1993), and Suzy Amis
Suzy Amis
(2000–present). Cameron had dated Hamilton since 1991. Eight months after the marriage, however, they separated, and within days of Cameron's Oscar victory with Titanic, the couple announced their divorce. As part of the divorce settlement, Cameron was ordered to pay Hamilton $50 million.[92] Hamilton later revealed that one reason for their divorce was that he had been dating Suzy Amis, an actress he cast as Lizzy Calvert in Titanic.[93] He married Amis in 2000, and they have one son and two daughters. Hurd was the producer of Cameron's The Terminator, Aliens, and The Abyss, and the executive producer of Terminator 2: Judgment Day. Hamilton played the role of Sarah Connor in both Terminator films. Amis played the part of Lizzy Calvert, Rose's granddaughter, in Titanic. Both Cameron (Avatar) and Bigelow (The Hurt Locker) were nominated for the Oscar, the Golden Globe, and the BAFTA Award
BAFTA Award
for Best Director for films released in 2009. Cameron won the Golden Globe, while Bigelow won the Oscar and the BAFTA for Best Director, becoming the first woman to win either.[94][95] Deep sea dives Cameron became an expert on deep-sea exploration in conjunction with his research and underwater filming for The Abyss
The Abyss
(1989) and Titanic (1997).[96] In June 2010, Cameron met in Washington with the EPA to discuss possible solutions to the 2010 Deepwater Horizon (BP) oil spill. Later that week at the All Things Digital Conference, he attracted some notoriety when he stated, "Over the last few weeks I've watched...and been thinking, 'Those morons don't know what they're doing'." Reportedly, Cameron had offered BP help to plug the oil well, but it declined.[96][97][98] The oil spill was eventually stopped using techniques similar to those Cameron recommended.[99] On March 7, 2012, Cameron took the Deepsea Challenger
Deepsea Challenger
submersible to the bottom of the New Britain Trench in a five-mile-deep solo dive.[100] On March 26, 2012, Cameron reached the Challenger Deep, the deepest part of the Mariana Trench.[8] He spent more than three hours exploring the ocean floor before returning to the surface.[101] Cameron is the first person to accomplish the trip solo.[8] He was preceded by unmanned dives in 1995 and 2009 and by Jacques Piccard
Jacques Piccard
and Don Walsh, who were the first men to reach the bottom of the Mariana Trench aboard the Bathyscaphe Trieste
Bathyscaphe Trieste
in 1960.[102] Cameron has made a three-dimensional film of his dive. During his dive to the Challenger Deep, the data he collected resulted in interesting new finds in the field of marine biology, including new species of sea cucumber, squid worm, and giant single-celled amoeba, which are exciting finds due to the harshness of the environment.[103] Veganism In 2012, Cameron, his wife and his children adopted a vegan diet.[104][105] Cameron explains that "By changing what you eat, you will change the entire contract between the human species and the natural world".[106] When asked what's the best thing an individual can do to fight climate change, Cameron said, "Stop eating animals."[107] Cameron and his wife are featured in Eating You Alive, a 2016 American documentary. His The Game Changers (2017) showcases vegan athletes and other icons[108] Notable affiliations Cameron is a member of the NASA Advisory Council
NASA Advisory Council
and is working on the project to put cameras on an upcoming human mission to Mars.[109] Cameron has also given speeches and raised money for the Mars
Mars
Society, a non-profit organization lobbying for the colonization of Mars.[110][111] In 2006 Cameron's wife co-founded MUSE School, in 2015 the school became the first K-12 vegan school in the United States.[112] Early in 2014, Cameron purchased the Beaufort Vineyard and Estate Winery in Courtenay, British Columbia, at a price of $2.7 million, as well as a number of other businesses in the area, including cattle ranching operations, to pursue his passion for sustainable agribusiness.[113] Disagreements with fellow artists In an interview in November 2017, Cameron revealed that he had a hostile altercation with Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
at the 70th Academy Awards in 1998 after Weinstein came to him trying to promote his company Miramax. Cameron, whose friend Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
was unhappy with the way Miramax
Miramax
had treated him on his film Mimic, proceeded in return to "read him chapter and verse about how great I thought he was for the artist", which led to a dispute that almost resulted in an actual fight. Cameron recalled "[almost] hitting him with my Oscar", adding that "[a lot of people] would’ve preferred I had played through on that one", referring to the recent Harvey Weinstein
Harvey Weinstein
sexual abuse allegations.[114] In June 2013, British artist Roger Dean filed a legal action at a court in New York against Cameron. Dean accused Cameron of "wilful and deliberate copying, dissemination and exploitation" of his original images, relating to Cameron's 2009 film Avatar
Avatar
and sought damages of $50m.[115] Dean subsequently lost the case.[116] Influence

Cameron in 2016 at the San Diego
San Diego
Comic-Con

Cameron's directorial style has had significant influence within the Hollywood film industry. Buffy the Vampire Slayer
Buffy the Vampire Slayer
and Firefly creator Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
stated that Cameron's approach to action scenes was influential to those in The Avengers. Whedon also admired Cameron's ability of writing female characters such as Ellen Ripley.[117] He also cited Cameron as "the leader and the teacher and the Yoda".[118] Michael Bay
Michael Bay
considers Cameron an idol and was convinced by him to use 3D in Transformers: Dark of the Moon.[119] Cameron's approach to 3D also inspired Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
to use it in The Great Gatsby.[120] Other directors that have drawn inspiration from Cameron include Peter Jackson, Neill Blomkamp
Neill Blomkamp
and Quentin Tarantino.[121][122][123] Reputation In 1999, Cameron was labeled selfish and cruel by one collaborator, author Orson Scott Card, who had been hired a decade earlier to work with Cameron on the novelization of The Abyss. Card said the experience was "hell on wheels":

He was very nice to me, because I could afford to walk away. But he made everyone around him miserable, and his unkindness did nothing to improve the film in any way. Nor did it motivate people to work faster or better. And unless he changes his way of working with people, I hope he never directs anything of mine. In fact, now that this is in print, I can fairly guarantee that he will never direct anything of mine. Life is too short to collaborate with selfish, cruel people.[124]

He later alluded to Cameron in his review of Me and Orson Welles, where he described witnessing a famous director chew out an assistant for his own error.[125] After working with Cameron on Titanic, Kate Winslet
Kate Winslet
decided she would not work with Cameron again unless she earned "a lot of money". She said that Cameron was a nice man, but she found his temper difficult to deal with.[126] In an editorial, the British newspaper The Independent said that Cameron "is a nightmare to work with. Studios have come to fear his habit of straying way over schedule and over budget. He is notorious on set for his uncompromising and dictatorial manner, as well as his flaming temper."[126] Sam Worthington, who worked with Cameron on Avatar, stated on The Jay Leno Show that Cameron had very high expectations from everyone: he would use a nail gun to nail the film crew's cell phones to a wall above an exit door in retaliation for unwanted ringing during production.[127] Other actors, such as Bill Paxton
Bill Paxton
and Sigourney Weaver, have praised Cameron's perfectionism. Weaver said of Cameron: "He really does want us to risk our lives and limbs for the shot, but he doesn't mind risking his own."[128] Michael Biehn
Michael Biehn
has also praised Cameron, claiming "Jim is a really passionate person. He cares more about his movies than other directors care about their movies", but added "I’ve never seen him yell at anybody." However, Biehn did claim Cameron is "not real sensitive when it comes to actors and their trailers."[129] Composer James Horner
James Horner
refused to work with Cameron for a decade following their strained working relationship on 1986's Aliens.[130] They eventually settled their differences, and Horner went on to score both Titanic and Avatar.[131] In 2014, Cameron was the keynote speaker at the first annual Fame and Philanthropy, a charity fundraiser which raised money for several high-profile celebrity charities. Cameron was one of several guest speakers at the event along with Charlize Theron
Charlize Theron
and Halle Berry.[132] In a 2015 joint interview, actresses Sigourney Weaver
Sigourney Weaver
and Jamie Lee Curtis, who both worked with Cameron, commented very positively on him. Curtis stated, "the truth is he can do every other job [than acting]. I'm talking about every single department, from art direction to props to wardrobe to cameras, he knows more than everyone doing the job." Weaver answered "There are very few geniuses in the world, let alone in our business, and he's certainly one of them." She also said, "he's misunderstood in the industry, somewhat. He is so generous to actors."[133] Awards

Cameron receiving a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame
Hollywood Walk of Fame
in December 2009

Cameron received the inaugural Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
Award from the Science Fiction and Fantasy Writers of America in 1992 for Terminator 2: Judgment Day ( Avatar
Avatar
would be a finalist in 2010).[134] Cameron did not receive any major mainstream filmmaking awards prior to Titanic. For Titanic, he won several, including Academy Awards
Academy Awards
for Best Picture (shared with Jon Landau), Best Director and Best Film Editing (shared with Conrad Buff and Richard A. Harris). Cameron is one of the few filmmakers to win three Oscars in a single evening and Golden Globes
Golden Globes
for Best Motion Picture – Drama and Best Director. In recognition of "a distinguished career as a Canadian filmmaker", Carleton University, Ottawa, awarded Cameron the honorary degree of Doctor of Fine Arts on June 13, 1998. Cameron accepted the degree in person and gave the Convocation Address.[citation needed] He also received an honorary doctorate in 1998 from Brock University in St. Catharines, Ontario, for his accomplishments in the international film industry.[135] In 1998, Cameron attended convocation to receive an honorary doctorate of Laws from Ryerson University, Toronto. The university awards its highest honor to those who have made extraordinary contributions in Canada, or internationally. In 1999, Cameron received the honorary Doctor of Fine Arts degree[136] from California State University, Fullerton, where he had been a student in the 1970s. He received the degree at the university's annual Commencement exercises that year, where he gave the keynote speech. In recognition of his contributions to underwater filming and remote vehicle technology, the University of Southampton
University of Southampton
awarded Cameron the honorary degree of Doctor of the University. Cameron did not attend the Engineering Sciences graduation ceremony in July 2004 where the degree was awarded but instead received it in person at the National Oceanography Centre.[137] On June 3, 2008, it was announced that he would be inducted into Canada's Walk of Fame.[138] On December 18, 2009, the same day Avatar was released worldwide, Cameron received the 2,396th star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame.[139] After the release of Avatar, on February 28, 2010, Cameron was also honored with a Visual Effects Society
Visual Effects Society
(VES) Lifetime Achievement Award. For Avatar, Cameron won numerous awards as well, including: Golden Globes for Best Motion Picture – Drama (shared with Jon Landau) and Best Director. He was nominated for three Academy Awards: Best Picture, Best Director and Best Film Editing (shared with John Refoua and Stephen E. Rivkin).[140] However, Cameron and Avatar
Avatar
lost to his former wife[141] Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
and her film, The Hurt Locker. On September 24, 2010, James Cameron
James Cameron
was named Number 1 in The 2010 Guardian Film Power 100 list.[142] In a list compiled by the British magazine New Statesman in September 2010, he was listed 30th in the list of "The World's 50 Most Influential Figures 2010".[143] The Science Fiction Hall of Fame inducted Cameron in June 2012.[144] Awards Cameron has received numerous awards; mainly for Titanic and Avatar.

Year Film Role Notes

1984 The Terminator Director and writer Avoriaz Fantastic Film Festival – Grand Prize Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Writing Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Director

1985 Rambo: First Blood Part II Writer Razzie Award for Worst Screenplay

1986 Aliens Director and writer Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Director Saturn Award for Best Writing Kinema Junpo Award for Best Foreign Language Film Nominated — Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film Nominated — DVD Exclusive Award for Best Audio Commentary

1989 The Abyss Director and writer Saturn Award for Best Director Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Writing Nominated — Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation

1991 Terminator 2: Judgment Day Director, Writer and Producer MTV Movie Award for Best Movie Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
Award for Outstanding Dramatic Presentation[134] Hugo Award for Best Dramatic Presentation Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Director Mainichi Film Concour Award for Best Foreign Language Film People's Choice Award
People's Choice Award
for Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture Nominated — Academy Award for Best Film Editing Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Writing Nominated — Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film

1994 True Lies Director, writer and producer Saturn Award for Best Director Nominated — Saturn Award for Best Action/Adventure/Thriller Film Nominated — Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film

1997 Titanic Director, writer, producer and editor Academy Award for Best Picture Academy Award for Best Director Academy Award for Best Film Editing Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Director Empire Award for Best Film Amanda Award for Best Foreign Feature Film Eddie Award for Best Edited Feature Film Blue Ribbon Award for Best Foreign Language Film Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Director Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directorial Achievement in Motion Pictures Producers Guild of America Award for Motion Picture Producer of the Year MTV Movie Award for Best Movie Hochi Film Award for Best Foreign Language Film Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film Mexican Cinema Journalists – Best Foreign Film International Monitor Award for Theatrical Releases – Color Correction Kansas City Film Critics Circle Award for Best Film Kids' Choice Award for Favorite Movie Mainichi Film Award for Best Foreign Language Film National Board of Review
National Board of Review
Spotlight Award – For the use of special effects technology Online Film Critics Society Award for Best Director People's Choice Award
People's Choice Award
for Favorite Dramatic Motion Picture People's Choice Award
People's Choice Award
for Favorite Motion Picture Satellite Award for Best Film Satellite Award for Best Director Nominated - Saturn Award for Best Action or Adventure Film

2003 Ghosts of the Abyss Director and producer Nominated by the Broadcast Film Critics Association for Best Documentary

2009 Avatar[145] Director, writer, producer and editor Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Motion Picture – Drama Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Director Empire Award for Best Film Empire Award for Best Director Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Action Movie Broadcast Film Critics Association Award for Best Editing Japan Academy Prize for Outstanding Foreign Language Film Lumière Award for Live Action 3-D Feature [Film] Youthfulness Award for Favourite Flick New York Film Critics Online Award for Best Film Santa Barbara International Film Festival
Santa Barbara International Film Festival
Lucky Brand Modern Master Award PETA's Proggy Award for Outstanding Feature Film Environmental Media Award for Feature Film Saturn Award – Visionary Award Saturn Award for Best Science Fiction Film Saturn Award for Best Director Saturn Award for Best Writing Scream Award for 3-D Top Three Scream Award for Best Director Teen Choice Award for Favorite Sci-Fi Movie People's Choice Award
People's Choice Award
for Favorite 3-D Live Action Movie People's Choice Award
People's Choice Award
for Favorite 3-D Animated Movie Cinema of Brazil
Cinema of Brazil
– Best Foreign Language Film Italian National Syndicate of Film Journalists – Best 3-D Film Director Nominated — Academy Award for Best Picture Nominated — Academy Award for Best Director Nominated — Academy Award for Best Film Editing Nominated — Producers Guild of America Award for Motion Picture Producer of the Year

Collaborations Cameron has consistently worked with Bill Paxton, Michael Biehn, Lance Henriksen, Jenette Goldstein and Arnold Schwarzenegger.

Actor Xenogenesis (1978) Piranha II: The Spawning (1981) The Terminator (1984) Aliens (1986) The Abyss (1989) Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) True Lies (1994) Titanic (1997) Expedition: Bismarck (2002) Ghosts of the Abyss (2003) Avatar (2009) Avatar
Avatar
2 (2020) Avatar
Avatar
3 (2021) Avatar
Avatar
4 (2023) Avatar
Avatar
5 (2025) Total

Michael Biehn

Y Y Y Y2

4

Earl Boen

Y

Y

2

Oona Chaplin

Y Y Y Y 4

Cliff Curtis

Y Y Y Y 4

Jenette Goldstein

Y

Y

Y

3

Linda Hamilton

Y

Y

2

Lance Henriksen

Y Y Y

Y

4

Stephen Lang

Y Y Y Y Y 5

Bill Paxton

Y Y

Y Y

Y

5

C.C.H. Pounder

Y Y Y Y Y 5

Giovanni Ribisi

Y Y Y Y Y 5

Zoe Saldana

Y Y Y Y Y 5

Arnold Schwarzenegger

Y

Y Y

3

Sigourney Weaver

Y

Y Y Y Y Y 6

Kate Winslet

Y

Y

2

William Wisher, Jr.1 Y

Y

Y Y

4

Sam Worthington

Y Y Y Y Y 5

1 Apart from acting, Wisher Jr. also collaborated with Cameron in writing credits. 2 Biehn's reprise of the role of Kyle Reese
Kyle Reese
was cut from the theatrical release, but was restored in the Special
Special
Edition on DVD/Blu-ray. Recurring themes Cameron's films have recurring themes and subtexts. These include the conflicts between humanity and technology,[146] the dangers of corporate greed,[147] strong female characters,[148] and a strong romance subplot.[148] In almost all films, the main characters usually get into dramatic crisis situations with significant threats to their own life or even the threat of an impending apocalypse. The Abyss dealt with deep sea exploration (shot in an unfinished nuclear reactor filled with water) and Cameron himself became an expert in the field of deep-sea wreckage exploration, exploring the wreckage of the Titanic and the Bismarck.[149] Cameron will return to this theme with The Dive, shooting from a minisub. Filmography Main article: James Cameron
James Cameron
filmography

Year Title Co-writer(s) Studio

1981 Piranha II: The Spawning Ovidio G. Assonitis and Charles H. Eglee Columbia Pictures

1984 The Terminator Gale Anne Hurd Orion Pictures

1986 Aliens David Giler and Walter Hill 20th Century Fox

1989 The Abyss N/A

1991 Terminator 2: Judgment Day William Wisher TriStar Pictures

1994 True Lies Randall Frakes 20th Century Fox Universal Studios

1997 Titanic N/A Paramount Pictures 20th Century Fox

2009 Avatar N/A 20th Century Fox

2020 Avatar
Avatar
2 Josh Friedman

2021 Avatar
Avatar
3 Rick Jaffa and Amanda Silver

Cameron has written the scripts to all the movies that he has directed. He has contributed to many more projects as a writer, director, and producer, or as a combination of the three. Cameron's first film was the 1978 science fiction short film Xenogenesis, which he directed, wrote and produced. Cameron's films have grossed a total of over $7 billion worldwide. In addition to works of fiction, Cameron has directed and appeared in several documentaries including Ghosts of the Abyss
Ghosts of the Abyss
and Aliens of the Deep. He also contributed to a number of television series including Dark Angel and Entourage. Reception Critical, public and commercial reception to films James Cameron
James Cameron
has directed as of May 7, 2015.

Film Rotten Tomatoes[150] Metacritic[151] CinemaScore[152] Budget Box office[153]

Piranha II: The Spawning 7% (15 reviews) 15 (5 reviews) N/A $145,786 N/A

The Terminator 100% (58 reviews) 83 (11 reviews) N/A $6,400,000 $78,371,200

Aliens 98% (65 reviews) 86 (10 reviews) A $17,000,000 $131,060,248

The Abyss 89% (44 reviews) 62 (14 reviews) A $70,000,000 $90,000,098

Terminator 2: Judgment Day 93% (74 reviews) 75 (22 reviews) A+ $94,000,000 $519,843,345

True Lies 72% (47 reviews) 63 (17 reviews) A $115,000,000 $378,882,411

Titanic 88% (181 reviews) 75 (35 reviews) A+ $200,000,000 $2,186,772,302

Ghosts of the Abyss 80% (102 reviews) 67 (24 reviews) N/A $13,000,000 $28,780,668

Aliens of the Deep 84% (61 reviews) 71 (18 reviews) N/A

$12,770,637

Avatar 83% (299 reviews) 83 (35 reviews) A $237,000,000 $2,787,965,087

Film portal Speculative fiction portal

See also

James Cameron's unrealized projects

References

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confirms start date for James Cameron sequels". Stuff.co. February 20, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.  ^ "' Avatar 2
Avatar 2
production start date set for August". Den of Geek. February 28, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.  ^ " Avatar 2
Avatar 2
officially starts filming in August, James Cameron
James Cameron
teams up with Ubisoft for Avatar
Avatar
game". The Independent. March 1, 2017. Retrieved March 8, 2017.  ^ " Avatar 2
Avatar 2
Filming Starts This Week!". SuperHeroHype. September 25, 2017. Retrieved September 25, 2017.  ^ D'Alessandro, Anthony (April 14, 2016). " 20th Century Fox
20th Century Fox
CinemaCon: 'Avatar' Sequels, 'Deadpool 2', 'Greatest Showman On Earth' Updates, Vanilla Ice Raps, 'Assassin's Creed', 'Birth Of A Nation' & More". Deadline.  ^ Rosenberg, Adam (August 7, 2010). "EXCLUSIVE: 'Avatar' Sequels Could Shoot Back-To-Back, Story Hints In Upcoming Novel". MTV. Archived from the original on August 14, 2010. Retrieved August 7, 2010.  ^ " Avatar 2
Avatar 2
Will Finally Begin Shooting in Late Summer". Movie Web. February 1, 2018. Retrieved March 8, 2017.  ^ Keegan, Rebecca (November 26, 2017). " James Cameron
James Cameron
on Titanic's Legacy and the Impact of a Fox Studio Sale". Vanity Fair.  ^ "I am James Cameron. AMA. • r/IAmA". reddit. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ Keegan, Rebecca (October 23, 2012). " James Cameron
James Cameron
to direct 'The Informationist'". Los Angeles Times. The Los Angeles Times
Los Angeles Times
Media Group. Archived from the original on March 13, 2013. Retrieved March 13, 2013.  ^ " James Cameron
James Cameron
on his 'Hiroshima' movie – due 'sometime before the next nuclear war'". Entertainment Weekly I.  ^ Mike Fleming Jr (January 20, 2017). "He's Back! James Cameron
James Cameron
To Godfather 'Terminator' With 'Deadpool' Helmer Tim Miller". Deadline.  ^ " Arnold Schwarzenegger
Arnold Schwarzenegger
Says He's Back For James Cameron-Produced Terminator 6". screenrant.com. May 20, 2017. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Titanic and Avatar
Avatar
director James Cameron
James Cameron
is making a history of sci-fi documentary". Radio Times. October 22, 2017.  ^ Hughes 2004, pp. 41–43. ^ Goodyear, Dana (October 26, 2009). "Man of Extremes: The Return of James Cameron". The New Yorker. Retrieved August 31, 2010.  ^ Staff (February 3, 2012). "Hollywood director James Cameron
James Cameron
moving to New Zealand". Herald Sun. Retrieved March 26, 2012.  ^ "James Cameron's New Zealand". www.newzealand.com. Retrieved August 3, 2016.  ^ Keegan, Rebecca Winters (2009). The Futurist: The Life and Films of James Cameron. Crown Publishers. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-307-46031-8. Retrieved February 21, 2011.  ^ a b c Wakeman, Gregory (2014). "How James Cameron
James Cameron
Saved Guillermo del Toro's Father From Mexican Kidnappers". Cinema Blend. Retrieved March 6, 2018.  ^ "'Somos una familia de cirqueros'" (in Spanish). El Mañana. July 13, 2008. Archived from the original on July 14, 2008. Retrieved July 11, 2015.  ^ Cruz, Gilbert (September 5, 2011). "10 Questions for Guillermo del Toro". Time. Retrieved July 30, 2013.  ^ "#7: James Cameron
James Cameron
and Linda Hamilton: $50 million". zimbio.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ Hall, Katy (February 5, 2010). "One Of James Cameron's Ex-Wives Tells Tales Of His Huge Ego". Huffingtonpost.com. Retrieved March 23, 2012.  ^ "Bigelow becomes first woman to win BAFTA director prize". Screen Daily. February 23, 2010. Retrieved September 3, 2014.  ^ " Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
makes history as first woman to win best director Oscar". The Guardian. March 8, 2010. Retrieved September 3, 2014.  ^ a b Ed Pilkington (June 27, 2010). "Top kill meets Titanic: James Cameron enters fight against oil spill". guardian.co.uk. London. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ Miller, S.A. (June 4, 2010). "'Titanic' shot at 'morons'". New York Post. Retrieved June 4, 2010.  ^ James Quinn (May 13, 2010). "Gulf of Mexico oil spill: James Cameron offers private submarines to help BP clean-up". The Telegraph. London. Retrieved March 29, 2012.  ^ " James Cameron
James Cameron
Says Government Ignored His Oil Spill Response Plan". August 8, 2010. Retrieved September 23, 2010.  ^ Cameron, James (March 8, 2012). "You'd have loved it". National Geographic Society. Archived from the original on March 23, 2012. Retrieved March 26, 2012.  ^ Rebecca Morelle (March 26, 2012). " James Cameron
James Cameron
back on surface after deepest ocean dive". BBC News. Retrieved March 26, 2012.  ^ "Man's Deepest Dive" Archived March 27, 2012, at the Wayback Machine.. Jacques Piccard. National Geographic. August 1960. ^ "Video from Cameron's Dive Reveals New Species". livescience.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ Barclay, Eliza (June 8, 2014). "James Cameron-Backed School To Terminate Meat And Dairy". NPR. Archived from the original on August 15, 2014. Retrieved August 15, 2014. The turn happened, Amis Cameron says, when the couple went vegan in 2012 after watching the documentary Forks over Knives.  ^ Woods, Judith (October 2, 2012). "Rare interview with director James Cameron: Titanic temper, Kate Winslet, and veganism". Calgary Herald. Archived from the original on October 6, 2012. Retrieved August 15, 2014. He drives a Toyota Hybrid that is a whole six years old and recently became vegan, along with his family of five children, aged from five to 23.  ^ "National Geographic 125th gala: James Cameron
James Cameron
goes vegan, Felix Baumgartner dazzles the ladies". Washington Post. June 15, 2013.  ^ " James Cameron
James Cameron
Ask Me Anything".  ^ "thegamechangersmovie.com - Registered at Namecheap.com". thegamechangersmovie.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Director James Cameron
James Cameron
Works with NASA on Future Mars
Mars
Mission". Science Channel's Mars
Mars
Rising. Space.com.  ^ Mars
Mars
Society Conference August 1999 Roll-9, FreeMars.org, 1999 ^ James Cameron
James Cameron
tells of plans for MARS miniseries & IMAX 3D!!!, Ain't It Cool News, August 15, 1999 ^ Metro.co.uk, Deni Kirkova for. "First ever vegan school in the US says you can't consume animals and care for the environment". Metro. Retrieved January 9, 2016.  ^ Penner, Drew (February 13, 2014). " James Cameron
James Cameron
purchases Valley winery". Times Colonist. Retrieved February 13, 2014.  ^ Rebecca Keegan (November 26, 2017). " James Cameron
James Cameron
on Titanic's Legacy and the Impact of a Fox Studio Sale". Vanity Fair. Retrieved November 27, 2017.  ^ " James Cameron
James Cameron
sued by artist Roger Dean over Avatar". BBC News. June 30, 2013. Retrieved June 30, 2013.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on April 5, 2015. Retrieved April 27, 2015.  ^ John, Emma (June 2, 2013). "Joss Whedon: 'I kept telling my mum reading comics would pay off'". Retrieved July 11, 2017 – via The Guardian.  ^ "/Film Interview: Joss Whedon, Writer and Director of 'The Avengers'". Retrieved July 16, 2012.  ^ Fernandez, Jay A. (May 25, 2011). " Michael Bay
Michael Bay
Reveals James Cameron's Secret Role in the Making of 'Transformers'". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved July 16, 2012.  ^ Hogan, Mike (May 13, 2013). "Baz Luhrmann, 'Great Gatsby' Director, Explains The 3D, The Hip Hop, The Sanitarium And More". Huffington Post.  ^ "PJ FAQ". Archived from the original on December 25, 2007. Retrieved June 5, 2013.  ^ "'Chappie' review: Director Neill Blomkamp
Neill Blomkamp
stumbles with grating sci-fi comedy". mlive.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ " Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
Gushes About 'Avatar' At The Golden Globes". mtv.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ "Author Chat Transcript". Barnes & Noble. August 31, 1999.  ^ "Uncle Orson Reviews Everything: Orson Welles Up in the Air". January 3, 2010.  ^ a b Gumbel, Andrew (January 11, 2007). "The Return of James Cameron". The Independent. London. Archived from the original on December 14, 2007.  ^ Worthington's appearance on The Jay Leno Show[dead link] ^ Walker, Tim (December 12, 2009). "James Cameron: Another Planet". The Independent. London.  ^ Bowles, Duncan (August 31, 2011). "The ultimate Michael Biehn interview: The Abyss, Tombstone, and his directorial debut, The Victim". Den of Geek.  ^ "James Horner: James Cameron
James Cameron
pays tribute to composer – BBC News". BBC News. Retrieved June 6, 2016.  ^ Flores, Marshall. "In Memoriam: a Tribute to James Horner (1953–2015)". Awards Daily. Retrieved June 6, 2016.  ^ Seikaly, Tim Gray,Shalini Dore,Andrea (March 3, 2014). "Oscars Parties: Governors Ball, Elton John and the Inaugural Fame & Philanthropy Party". variety.com. Retrieved July 11, 2017.  ^ " Jamie Lee Curtis
Jamie Lee Curtis
and Kids Arrive for Avatar". interviewmagazine.com.  ^ a b "Cameron, James" Archived May 27, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.. The Locus Index to SF Awards: Index of Dramatic Nominees. Locus Publications. Retrieved April 11, 2013. ^ Law, John (8 Jan 2016). "Appreciating Cameron's amazing run, now that it's over". Niagra Falls Review. Retrieved 7 Mar 2018.  ^ "Honorary Degrees Awarded by Campus CSU". Calstate.edu. Archived from the original on August 10, 2010. Retrieved August 27, 2010.  ^ " National Oceanography Centre
National Oceanography Centre
heralds Cameron achievement". NOC. March 26, 2012. Retrieved July 5, 2012.  ^ "Steve Nash, kd lang among new Walk of Fame inductees". CTV.ca. June 3, 2008. Archived from the original on June 4, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2008.  ^ "'Avatar' Director Gets Star On Walk Of Fame". CBS. December 18, 2009. Archived from the original on February 2, 2010. Retrieved December 19, 2009.  ^ "67th Annual Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Awards". January 10, 2010. Archived from the original on January 8, 2010. Retrieved January 10, 2010.  ^ Ridley J (2010). James Cameron
James Cameron
and Kathryn Bigelow: Exes go from divorce contention to Oscar contention. NYDailyNews. Retrieved March 8, 2010. ^ Bradshaw, Peter; Kermode, Mark (September 24, 2010). "The 2010 Guardian Film Power 100". The Guardian. London.  ^ "30th James Cameron
James Cameron
– 50 People Who Matter 2010". Retrieved November 2, 2010.  ^ "Science Fiction Hall of Fame: EMP Museum Announces the 2012 Science Fiction Hall of Fame Inductees". May/June 2012. EMP Museum (empmuseum.org). Archived July 22, 2012. Retrieved March 19, 2013. ^ List of accolades received by Avatar ^ P Vlad (December 27, 2009). "De Star Wars
Star Wars
à Avatar : prouesse technologique et science-fiction politique" (in French). Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ Linh (December 17, 2009). " Avatar
Avatar
in 3D; sci-fi fantasy action drama film review". Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ a b Joseph Dilworth Jr. (December 18, 2009). "Review: James Cameron's 'Avatar'". Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ Nathan Southern. "Who2 Biography: James Cameron, Filmmaker". All Movie Guide. Retrieved January 2, 2010.  ^ "James Cameron". Rotten Tomatoes. Retrieved May 7, 2015.  ^ "James Cameron". Metacritic. Retrieved May 7, 2015.  ^ "CinemaScore". cinemascore.com. Retrieved May 7, 2015.  ^ " James Cameron
James Cameron
Movie Box Office". boxofficemojo.com. Amazon.com. Retrieved April 8, 2015. 

Further reading

Matthew Wilhelm Kapell and Stephen McVeigh, eds., The Films of James Cameron: Critical Essays. McFarland & Company. 2011. Keegan, Rebecca Winters (2009), The Futurist: The Life and Films of James Cameron, Crown Publishers, ISBN 978-0-307-46031-8  Parisi, Paula (1999), Titanic and the Making of James Cameron: The Inside Story of the Three-Year Adventure That Rewrote Motion Picture History, Newmarket Press, ISBN 1-55704-364-7 

External links

Wikimedia Commons has media related to James Cameron.

Wikiquote has quotations related to: James Cameron

James Cameron
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on IMDb Works by or about James Cameron
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in libraries ( WorldCat
WorldCat
catalog) James Cameron
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collected news and commentary". The Guardian.  " James Cameron
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collected news and commentary". The New York Times.  James Cameron
James Cameron
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at TED Deepsea Challenge at National Geographic – Mariana Trench
Mariana Trench
dive (March 26, 2012) and later coverage of Deepsea Challenger James Cameron
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at the Science Fiction and Fantasy Hall of Fame Cameron at Library of Congress
Library of Congress
Authorities, with 22 catalog records The films of James Cameron, Hell Is For Hyphenates, September 30, 2013 How Many More Avatar
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Have in Mind, Insert Movies, May 2, 2015

v t e

James Cameron

Filmography

Films directed

Feature

Piranha II: The Spawning (1981) The Terminator
The Terminator
(1984) Aliens (1986) The Abyss
The Abyss
(1989) Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) True Lies
True Lies
(1994) Titanic (1997) Avatar
Avatar
(2009) Avatar 2
Avatar 2
(2020) Avatar 3
Avatar 3
(2021)

Short

Xenogenesis (1978) T2 3-D: Battle Across Time (1996)

Documentaries

Expedition: Bismarck (2002) Ghosts of the Abyss
Ghosts of the Abyss
(2003) Aliens of the Deep (2005)

Written only

Rambo: First Blood Part II (1985) Strange Days (1995) Alita: Battle Angel
Battle Angel
(2018)

Produced only

Strange Days (1995) Solaris (2002) Alita: Battle Angel
Battle Angel
(2018)

Related articles

Lightstorm Entertainment Dark Angel Deepsea Challenger Pristimantis jamescameroni

v t e

James Cameron's Avatar

Films

Avatar Avatar
Avatar
2 Avatar
Avatar
3

Media

Soundtrack album

"I See You"

Video game Art book Toruk - The First Flight

Universe

Fictional universe

Pandoran biosphere

Na'vi language

Na'vi grammar

Related

Awards and honors Box office records Themes

Pandora – The World of Avatar

Avatar
Avatar
Flight of Passage Na'vi River Journey

Other

Avatar
Avatar
Hallelujah Mountain "Dances with Smurfs" "Treehouse of Horror XXII" This Ain't Avatar
Avatar
XXX

Book Category

Awards for James Cameron

v t e

Academy Award for Best Director

1927–1950

Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1927) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1928) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1929) Lewis Milestone
Lewis Milestone
(1930) Norman Taurog
Norman Taurog
(1931) Frank Borzage
Frank Borzage
(1932) Frank Lloyd
Frank Lloyd
(1933) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1934) John Ford
John Ford
(1935) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1936) Leo McCarey (1937) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1938) Victor Fleming
Victor Fleming
(1939) John Ford
John Ford
(1940) John Ford
John Ford
(1941) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1942) Michael Curtiz
Michael Curtiz
(1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950)

1951–1975

George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Carol Reed
Carol Reed
(1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Bob Fosse
Bob Fosse
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Sydney Pollack
Sydney Pollack
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Academy Award for Best Film Editing

1934–1950

Conrad A. Nervig (1934) Ralph Dawson (1935) Ralph Dawson (1936) Gene Havlick and Gene Milford (1937) Ralph Dawson (1938) Hal C. Kern
Hal C. Kern
and James E. Newcom (1939) Anne Bauchens
Anne Bauchens
(1940) William Holmes (1941) Daniel Mandell (1942) George Amy (1943) Barbara McLean
Barbara McLean
(1944) Robert J. Kern (1945) Daniel Mandell (1946) Francis Lyon and Robert Parrish
Robert Parrish
(1947) Paul Weatherwax (1948) Harry W. Gerstad (1949) Ralph E. Winters
Ralph E. Winters
and Conrad A. Nervig (1950)

1951–1975

William Hornbeck (1951) Elmo Williams
Elmo Williams
and Harry W. Gerstad (1952) William Lyon (1953) Gene Milford (1954) Charles Nelson and William Lyon (1955) Gene Ruggiero and Paul Weatherwax (1956) Peter Taylor (1957) Adrienne Fazan (1958) Ralph E. Winters
Ralph E. Winters
and John D. Dunning (1959) Daniel Mandell (1960) Thomas Stanford (1961) Anne V. Coates (1962) Harold F. Kress (1963) Cotton Warburton
Cotton Warburton
(1964) William H. Reynolds (1965) Fredric Steinkamp, Henry Berman, Stewart Linder, and Frank Santillo (1966) Hal Ashby
Hal Ashby
(1967) Frank P. Keller (1968) Françoise Bonnot (1969) Hugh S. Fowler (1970) Gerald B. Greenberg (1971) David Bretherton (1972) William H. Reynolds (1973) Harold F. Kress and Carl Kress (1974) Verna Fields (1975)

1976–2000

Richard Halsey and Scott Conrad (1976) Paul Hirsch, Marcia Lucas, and Richard Chew
Richard Chew
(1977) Peter Zinner (1978) Alan Heim (1979) Thelma Schoonmaker
Thelma Schoonmaker
(1980) Michael Kahn (1981) John Bloom (1982) Glenn Farr, Lisa Fruchtman, Tom Rolf, Stephen A. Rotter, and Douglas Stewart (1983) Jim Clark (1984) Thom Noble (1985) Claire Simpson (1986) Gabriella Cristiani (1987) Arthur Schmidt (1988) David Brenner and Joe Hutshing (1989) Neil Travis (1990) Joe Hutshing and Pietro Scalia (1991) Joel Cox (1992) Michael Kahn (1993) Arthur Schmidt (1994) Mike Hill and Daniel P. Hanley (1995) Walter Murch
Walter Murch
(1996) Conrad Buff IV, James Cameron, and Richard A. Harris (1997) Michael Kahn (1998) Zach Staenberg (1999) Stephen Mirrione
Stephen Mirrione
(2000)

2001–present

Pietro Scalia (2001) Martin Walsh (2002) Jamie Selkirk (2003) Thelma Schoonmaker
Thelma Schoonmaker
(2004) Hughes Winborne (2005) Thelma Schoonmaker
Thelma Schoonmaker
(2006) Christopher Rouse (2007) Chris Dickens
Chris Dickens
(2008) Chris Innis and Bob Murawski (2009) Angus Wall and Kirk Baxter (2010) Angus Wall and Kirk Baxter (2011) William Goldenberg (2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
and Mark Sanger (2013) Tom Cross (2014) Margaret Sixel
Margaret Sixel
(2015) John Gilbert (2016) Lee Smith (2017)

Best Film Editing became Best Editing in 1999

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Director

Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
/ Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) George Miller (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Critics' Choice Movie Award for Best Editing

Stephen E. Rivkin, John Refoua, and James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Lee Smith (2010) Kirk Baxter and Angus Wall (2011) William Goldenberg and Dylan Tichenor (2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
and Mark Sanger (2013) Douglas Crise and Stephen Mirrione
Stephen Mirrione
(2014) Margaret Sixel
Margaret Sixel
(2015) Tom Cross (2016) Paul Machliss and Jonathan Amos / Lee Smith (2017)

v t e

Directors Guild of America Award for Outstanding Directing – Feature Film

1948–1975

Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Joseph L. Mankiewicz
(1950) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1951) John Ford
John Ford
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Delbert Mann
Delbert Mann
(1955) George Stevens
George Stevens
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1960) Jerome Robbins
Jerome Robbins
and Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Tony Richardson
Tony Richardson
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) Robert Wise
Robert Wise
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Anthony Harvey (1968) John Schlesinger
John Schlesinger
(1969) Franklin J. Schaffner
Franklin J. Schaffner
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) George Roy Hill (1973) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975)

1976–2000

John G. Avildsen
John G. Avildsen
(1976) Woody Allen
Woody Allen
(1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Robert Benton (1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) James L. Brooks
James L. Brooks
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Barry Levinson
Barry Levinson
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Jonathan Demme
Jonathan Demme
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1995) Anthony Minghella
Anthony Minghella
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000)

2001–present

Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(2001) Rob Marshall
Rob Marshall
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) Tom Hooper
Tom Hooper
(2010) Michel Hazanavicius
Michel Hazanavicius
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Empire Award for Best Director

Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(1996) Terry Gilliam
Terry Gilliam
(1997) Cameron Crowe
Cameron Crowe
(1998) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1999) M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2000) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2001) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(2002) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2003) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2004) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2005) Nick Park
Nick Park
and Steve Box (2006) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2007) David Yates
David Yates
(2008) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2009) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2010) Edgar Wright
Edgar Wright
(2011) David Yates
David Yates
(2012) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(2013) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2014) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2015) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2016) Gareth Edwards (2017) Rian Johnson
Rian Johnson
(2018)

v t e

Golden Globe
Golden Globe
Award for Best Director

Henry King (1943) Leo McCarey (1944) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1945) Frank Capra
Frank Capra
(1946) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1947) John Huston
John Huston
(1948) Robert Rossen
Robert Rossen
(1949) Billy Wilder
Billy Wilder
(1950) László Benedek (1951) Cecil B. DeMille
Cecil B. DeMille
(1952) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1953) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1954) Joshua Logan (1955) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1956) David Lean
David Lean
(1957) Vincente Minnelli
Vincente Minnelli
(1958) William Wyler
William Wyler
(1959) Jack Cardiff
Jack Cardiff
(1960) Stanley Kramer
Stanley Kramer
(1961) David Lean
David Lean
(1962) Elia Kazan
Elia Kazan
(1963) George Cukor
George Cukor
(1964) David Lean
David Lean
(1965) Fred Zinnemann
Fred Zinnemann
(1966) Mike Nichols
Mike Nichols
(1967) Paul Newman
Paul Newman
(1968) Charles Jarrott (1969) Arthur Hiller
Arthur Hiller
(1970) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1971) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1972) William Friedkin
William Friedkin
(1973) Roman Polanski
Roman Polanski
(1974) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1975) Sidney Lumet
Sidney Lumet
(1976) Herbert Ross (1977) Michael Cimino
Michael Cimino
(1978) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1979) Robert Redford
Robert Redford
(1980) Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1981) Richard Attenborough
Richard Attenborough
(1982) Barbra Streisand
Barbra Streisand
(1983) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1984) John Huston
John Huston
(1985) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1986) Bernardo Bertolucci
Bernardo Bertolucci
(1987) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1988) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1989) Kevin Costner
Kevin Costner
(1990) Oliver Stone
Oliver Stone
(1991) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1994) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(1995) Miloš Forman
Miloš Forman
(1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1998) Sam Mendes
Sam Mendes
(1999) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2000) Robert Altman
Robert Altman
(2001) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2006) Julian Schnabel
Julian Schnabel
(2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Martin Scorsese
Martin Scorsese
(2011) Ben Affleck
Ben Affleck
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Alejandro G. Iñárritu (2015) Damien Chazelle
Damien Chazelle
(2016) Guillermo del Toro
Guillermo del Toro
(2017)

v t e

Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Screenplay

1980–2000

Can't Stop the Music Bronte Woodard and Allan Carr
Allan Carr
(1980) Mommie Dearest – Frank Yablans, Frank Perry, Tracy Hotchner and Robert Getchell (1981) Inchon – Robin Moore and Laird Koenig (1982) The Lonely Lady
The Lonely Lady
– John Kershaw, Shawn Randall and Ellen Shephard (1983) Bolero – John Derek
John Derek
(1984) Rambo: First Blood Part II – Sylvester Stallone, James Cameron
James Cameron
and Kevin Jarre (1985) Howard the Duck – Willard Huyck and Gloria Katz (1986) Leonard Part 6
Leonard Part 6
– Jonathan Reynolds and Bill Cosby
Bill Cosby
(1987) Cocktail – Heywood Gould (1988) Harlem Nights
Harlem Nights
Eddie Murphy
Eddie Murphy
(1989) The Adventures of Ford Fairlane
The Adventures of Ford Fairlane
– Daniel Waters, James Cappe & David Arnott (1990) Hudson Hawk
Hudson Hawk
– Steven E. de Souza, Daniel Waters, Bruce Willis
Bruce Willis
and Robert Kraft (1991) Stop! Or My Mom Will Shoot
Stop! Or My Mom Will Shoot
– Blake Snyder, William Osborne and William Davies – (1992) Indecent Proposal
Indecent Proposal
Amy Holden Jones (1993) The Flintstones – Jim Jennewein, Steven E. de Souza, Tom S. Parker and various others (1994) Showgirls
Showgirls
Joe Eszterhas (1995) Striptease – Andrew Bergman (1996) The Postman – Eric Roth and Brian Helgeland (1997) An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn – Joe Eszterhas (1998) Wild Wild West
Wild Wild West
– Jim Thomas, John Thomas, S. S. Wilson, Brent Maddock, Jeffrey Price and Peter S. Seaman (1999) Battlefield Earth – Corey Mandell and J. David Shapiro
J. David Shapiro
(2000)

2001–present

Freddy Got Fingered
Freddy Got Fingered
Tom Green
Tom Green
& Derek Harvie
Derek Harvie
(2001) Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones – George Lucas
George Lucas
and Jonathan Hales (2002) Gigli
Gigli
Martin Brest (2003) Catwoman – Theresa Rebeck, John Brancato, Michael Ferris and John Rogers (2004) Dirty Love – Jenny McCarthy
Jenny McCarthy
(2005) Basic Instinct 2
Basic Instinct 2
– Leora Barish and Henry Bean (2006) I Know Who Killed Me
I Know Who Killed Me
– Jeffrey Hammond (2007) The Love Guru
The Love Guru
Mike Myers
Mike Myers
& Graham Gordy (2008) Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen – Ehren Kruger, Alex Kurtzman and Roberto Orci
Roberto Orci
(2009) The Last Airbender
The Last Airbender
M. Night Shyamalan
M. Night Shyamalan
(2010) Jack and Jill – Steve Koren and Adam Sandler, story by Ben Zook (2011) That's My Boy - David Caspe
David Caspe
(2012) Movie 43
Movie 43
- Steve Baker, Ricky Blitt, Will Carlough, Tobias Carlson, Jacob Fleisher, Patrik Forsberg, Will Graham, James Gunn, Claes Kjellstrom, Jack Kukoda, Bob Odenkirk, Bill O'Malley, Matthew Alec Portenoy, Greg Pritikin, Rocky Russo, Olle Sarri, Elizabeth Wright Shapiro, Jeremy Sosenko, Jonathan van Tulleken and Jonas Wittenmark (2013) Saving Christmas
Saving Christmas
- Darren Doane and Cheston Hervey (2014) Fifty Shades of Grey - Kelly Marcel (2015) Batman v Superman: Dawn of Justice - Chris Terrio and David S. Goyer (2016) The Emoji Movie
The Emoji Movie
- Tony Leondis, Eric Siegel and Mike White (2017)

v t e

Satellite Award for Best Director

Joel Coen (1996) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1997) Terrence Malick
Terrence Malick
(1998) Michael Mann
Michael Mann
(1999) Steven Soderbergh
Steven Soderbergh
(2000) Baz Luhrmann
Baz Luhrmann
(2001) Todd Haynes
Todd Haynes
(2002) Jim Sheridan (2003) Mel Gibson
Mel Gibson
(2004) Ang Lee
Ang Lee
(2005) Clint Eastwood
Clint Eastwood
(2006) Joel Coen and Ethan Coen (2007) Danny Boyle
Danny Boyle
(2008) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(2009) David Fincher
David Fincher
(2010) Nicolas Winding Refn
Nicolas Winding Refn
(2011) David O. Russell
David O. Russell
(2012) Steve McQueen (2013) Richard Linklater
Richard Linklater
(2014) Tom McCarthy (2015) Kenneth Lonergan
Kenneth Lonergan
(2016) Jordan Peele
Jordan Peele
(2017)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Director

Mel Brooks
Mel Brooks
(1974/75) Dan Curtis (1976) George Lucas/ Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1977) Philip Kaufman
Philip Kaufman
(1978) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(1979) Irvin Kershner
Irvin Kershner
(1980) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1981) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1982) John Badham (1983) Joe Dante
Joe Dante
(1984) Ron Howard
Ron Howard
(1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Paul Verhoeven
Paul Verhoeven
(1987) Robert Zemeckis
Robert Zemeckis
(1988) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1989/90) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1991) Francis Ford Coppola
Francis Ford Coppola
(1992) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(1993) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1994) Kathryn Bigelow
Kathryn Bigelow
(1995) Roland Emmerich
Roland Emmerich
(1996) John Woo
John Woo
(1997) Michael Bay
Michael Bay
(1998) Andy Wachowski and Larry Wachowski (1999) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2000) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2001) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2002) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Sam Raimi
Sam Raimi
(2004) Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2005) Bryan Singer
Bryan Singer
(2006) Zack Snyder
Zack Snyder
(2007) Jon Favreau
Jon Favreau
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) J. J. Abrams
J. J. Abrams
(2011) Joss Whedon
Joss Whedon
(2012) Alfonso Cuarón
Alfonso Cuarón
(2013) James Gunn
James Gunn
(2014) Ridley Scott
Ridley Scott
(2015) Gareth Edwards (2016)

v t e

Saturn Award for Best Writing

William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1973) Ib Melchior/ Harlan Ellison
Harlan Ellison
(1974/75) Jimmy Sangster
Jimmy Sangster
(1976) George Lucas
George Lucas
(1977) Elaine May
Elaine May
and Warren Beatty
Warren Beatty
(1978) Nicholas Meyer
Nicholas Meyer
(1979) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1980) Lawrence Kasdan
Lawrence Kasdan
(1981) Melissa Mathison
Melissa Mathison
(1982) Ray Bradbury
Ray Bradbury
(1983) James Cameron
James Cameron
and Gale Anne Hurd
Gale Anne Hurd
(1984) Tom Holland (1985) James Cameron
James Cameron
(1986) Michael Miner and Edward Neumeier
Edward Neumeier
(1987) Gary Ross and Anne Spielberg (1988) William Peter Blatty
William Peter Blatty
(1989/90) Ted Tally (1991) James V. Hart
James V. Hart
(1992) Michael Crichton
Michael Crichton
and David Koepp (1993) Jim Harrison
Jim Harrison
and Wesley Strick
Wesley Strick
(1994) Andrew Kevin Walker (1995) Kevin Williamson (1996) Mike Werb and Michael Colleary (1997) Andrew Niccol
Andrew Niccol
(1998) Charlie Kaufman
Charlie Kaufman
(1999) David Hayter
David Hayter
(2000) Steven Spielberg
Steven Spielberg
(2001) Scott Frank and Jon Cohen (2002) Fran Walsh, Philippa Boyens, and Peter Jackson
Peter Jackson
(2003) Alvin Sargent (2004) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
and David S. Goyer
David S. Goyer
(2005) Michael Dougherty
Michael Dougherty
and Dan Harris (2006) Brad Bird
Brad Bird
(2007) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
(2008) James Cameron
James Cameron
(2009) Christopher Nolan
Christopher Nolan
(2010) Jeff Nichols
Jeff Nichols
(2011) Quentin Tarantino
Quentin Tarantino
(2012) Spike Jonze
Spike Jonze
(2013) Christopher and Jonathan Nolan
Jonathan Nolan
(2014) Lawrence Kasdan, J. J. Abrams, and Michael Arndt
Michael Arndt
(2015) Eric Heisserer (2016)

Authority control

WorldCat
WorldCat
Identities VIAF: 106079065 LCCN: n91061506 ISNI: 0000 0001 2146 3344 GND: 119066890 SELIBR: 311433 SUDOC: 028596676 BNF: cb12040046k (data) BIBSYS: 97001284 NLA: 35959776 NDL: 00512374 NKC: xx0015485 ICCU: ITICCUTO0V157350 BNE: XX1151

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