HOME
The Info List - Jain Symbols


--- Advertisement ---



Jain symbols
Jain symbols
are symbols based on the Jain philosophy.

Contents

1 Swastika 2 Symbol
Symbol
of Ahimsa 3 Jain emblem

3.1 Fundamental concepts 3.2 Usage

4 Jain flag 5 Om 6 Ashtamangala

6.1 Other symbols

7 Photo gallery 8 See also 9 Notes 10 References

Swastika[edit] Main article: Swastika The swastika is an important Jain symbol. The four arms of the swastika symbolize the four states of existence as per Jainism:[1][2]

Heavenly beings (devas encantadia") Human Benefits Hellish being Tiryancha (subhuman like flora or fauna)

It represents the perpetual nature of the universe in the material world, where a creature is destined to one of those states based on their karma. In contrast to this circle of rebirth and delusion is the concept of a straight path, constituted by correct faith, understanding and conduct, and visually symbolized by the three dots above the running cross of swastika, which leads the individual out of the transient imperfect world to a permanent perfect state of enlightenment and perfection. This perfect state of liberation is symbolized by the crescent and dot at the top of the svastika.[1] It also represents the four columns of the Jain Sangha: sadhus, sadhvis, sravakas and shravikas - monks, nuns and female and male laymen. It also represents the four characteristics of the soul: infinite knowledge, infinite perception, infinite happiness, and infinite energy. Symbol
Symbol
of Ahimsa[edit]

The symbol of Ahimsa in Jainism

The hand with a wheel on the palm symbolizes Ahimsa in Jainism. The word in the middle is "ahiṃsā" (non-injury). The wheel represents the dharmachakra, which stands for the resolve to halt the saṃsāra through the relentless pursuit of Ahimsa. Jain emblem[edit] In 1974, on the auspicious 2500th anniversary of the nirvana of the last Jain Tirthankara, Mahavira, the Jain community
Jain community
at large collectively chose one image as an emblem to be the main identifying symbol for Jainism. Since then, this emblem is used in almost all of Jain magazines, on wedding cards, on Jain festival cards and in magazines with links to events related to Jain society. Fundamental concepts[edit] The Jain emblem is composed of many fundamental concepts and symbols. The outline of the image represents the universe as described in Jain Agamas. It consists of three Loks (realms). The upper portion indicates heaven, the middle portion indicates the material world and the lower portion indicates hell. The semi-circular topmost portion symbolizes siddhashila, which is a zone beyond the three realms. All of the siddhas or liberated bodiless souls reside on this forever, liberated from the cycle of life and death. The three dots on the top under the semi-circle symbolize the Ratnatraya
Ratnatraya
– right belief, right knowledge, and right conduct. Every creature in this world can become free from the cycle of life and death. This gives the message that it is necessary to have the Ratnatraya
Ratnatraya
in order to attain moksha. In the top portion, the swastika symbol is present. The symbol of hand in the lower portion shows fearlessness and symbolizes the feeling of ahimsa towards all the creatures in this world. The circle in the middle of the hand symbolizes saṃsāra and the 24 spokes represent the preachings from the 24 Tirthankaras, which can be used to liberate a soul from the cycle of reincarnation. The meaning of the mantra at the bottom, Parasparopagraho Jivanam, is "All life is bound together by mutual support and interdependence." In short, the Jain emblem represents many important concepts to show the path to enlightenment by following the basic principles of ahimsa, the Ratnatraya
Ratnatraya
and Parasparopagraho Jivanam. Usage[edit] It is important that an emblem or symbol is used consistently in the same format to preserve its value and the meaning. There are many variations of the symbol in use currently. However, they do not show all the fundamental concepts embedded in the current emblem. For example, JAINA
JAINA
in North America uses a modified version of the standard Jain symbol. It replaces the swastika with Om because the swastika is associated with Nazi Germany
Nazi Germany
there.[3] Jain flag[edit]

Jain flag

Main article: Jain flag The Jain flag
Jain flag
depicts the panch parmeshtis (five great virtuous entities):

Arihantas: enlightened beings Siddhas: liberated souls Acharyas: spiritual leaders Upadhyays: spiritual teachers Sadhus and Sadhvis: spiritual practitioners

Om[edit]

Om in Jainism

In Jainism, Om is considered a condensed form of reference to the Pañca-Parameṣṭhi, by their initials A+A+A+U+M (o3m). The Dravyasamgraha
Dravyasamgraha
quotes a Prakrit
Prakrit
line:[4]

oma ekākṣara pañca-parameṣṭhi-nāmā-dipam tatkathamiti cheta "arihatā asarīrā āyariyā taha uvajjhāyā muṇiyā"

AAAUM (or just "Om") is one syllable short form of the initials of the five parameshthis: "Arihant, Asharira, Acharya, Upajjhaya, Muni".[5] The Om symbol is also used in ancient Jain scriptures to represent the five lines of the Navakar mantra,[6] which is the most important part of the daily prayer in the Jain religion. The Navakar mantra honors the panch parmeshtis. Ashtamangala[edit]

Adinath image with Ashtamangala, according to Digambara
Digambara
tradition

Ashtamangala, according to Svetambara tradition, on Jain manuscript cover, LACMA (from left) : Swastika, Vardhmanaka, Pair of fish, Kalasha, Bhadrasana, Srivatsa, Nandavarta, Darpan

The Ashtamangala
Ashtamangala
are a set of eight auspicious symbols. There is some variation among different traditions concerning the eight symbols.[7] In the Digambara
Digambara
tradition, the eight symbols are:

Parasol Dhvaja Kalasha Fly-whisk Mirror Chair Hand fan Vessel

In the Śvētāmbara
Śvētāmbara
tradition, the eight symbols are:

Swastika Srivatsa Nandavarta Vardhmanaka (food vessel) Bhadrasana (seat) Kalasha
Kalasha
(pot) Darpan (mirror) Pair of fish

Other symbols[edit] Dharmachakra, Shrivatsa, Kalasha, Ashoka Tree and Nandavart. Photo gallery[edit]

Symbol
Symbol
usage at the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves, Odisha, India

Symbol
Symbol
usage behind the statue at Shantinath Jain Teerth, Pune, Maharashtra, India

Jain Swastika

Siddhachakra

See also[edit]

Jain temple

Notes[edit]

^ a b Cort 2001, p. 17. ^ Jansma & Jain 2006, p. 123. ^ "Jain Symbols". p. 29. Retrieved 2012-03-16.  ^ von Glasenapp 1999, pp. 410-411. ^ Om - significance in Jainism, Languages and Scripts of India, Colorado State University ^ "Namokar Mantra". Digambarjainonline.com. Retrieved 2014-06-04.  ^ Titze & Bruhn 1998, p. 234.

References[edit]

Jansma, Rudi; Jain, Sneh Rani (2006), Introduction to Jainism, Jaipur: Prakrit
Prakrit
Bharti Academy, ISBN 81-89698-09-5  Cort, John E. (2001), Jains in the World : Religious Values and Ideology in India, Oxford University Press, ISBN 0-19-513234-3  von Glasenapp, Helmuth (1999), Jainism: An Indian Religion of Salvation [Der Jainismus: Eine Indische Erlosungsreligion], Shridhar B. Shrotri (trans.), Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1376-6  Titze, Kurt; Bruhn, Klaus (1998), Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the Religion of Non-Violence (2 ed.), Motilal Banarsidass, ISBN 81-208-1534-3 

v t e

Jainism
Jainism
topics

Gods

Tirthankara Ganadhara Arihant

Philosophy

Ethics

Ahimsa

Epistemology

Kevala Jñāna

Jaina logic

Anekāntavāda

Jain cosmology

Siddhashila Naraka Heavenly beings

Karma

Types Causes

Gunasthana Dravya

Jīva Ajiva

Pudgala Dharma

Tattva

Asrava Bandha Samvara Nirjara Mokṣa

Death Saṃsāra Ratnatraya Kashaya

Branches

Digambara

Mula Sangha

Balatkara Gana Kashtha Sangha

Taran Panth Bispanthi Terapanth Yapaniya Kanji Panth

Śvētāmbara

Murtipujaka

Gaccha

Kharatara Tapa Tristutik

Sthānakavāsī Terapanth

Practices

Sallekhana Meditation

Sāmāyika

Monasticism Vegetarianism Fasting Rituals Festivals

Paryushana Kshamavani Mahamastakabhisheka

Upadhan Tapas Pratikramana

Literature

Agama

Shatkhandagama Kasayapahuda

Mantra

Namokar Mantra Bhaktamara Stotra

Tattvartha Sutra Samayasāra Aptamimamsa Kalpa Sūtra

Symbols

Jain flag Siddhachakra Ashtamangala

Shrivatsa Nandavarta

Auspicious dreams Swastika

Ascetics

Digambara
Digambara
monk Aryika Kshullak Pattavali Acharya

Scholars

Nalini Balbir Colette Caillat Chandabai John E. Cort Paul Dundas Virchand Gandhi Hermann Jacobi Champat Rai Jain Padmanabh Jaini Jeffery D. Long Hampa Nagarajaiah Claudia Pastorino Bal Patil Jinendra Varni

Community

Śrāvaka Sarak Tamil Organisations

Digambar Jain Mahasabha Vishwa Jain Sangathan JAINA

Jainism
Jainism
in

India

Bundelkhand Delhi Goa Gujarat Haryana Karnataka

North

Kerala Maharashtra

Mumbai

Rajasthan Tamil Nadu Uttar Pradesh

Overseas

Canada Europe United States Japan Singapore Hong Kong Pakistan Belgium Africa Southeast Asia Australia

Jainism
Jainism
and

Buddhism Hinduism Islam Sikhism Non-creationism

Dynasties and empires

Ikshvaku Maurya Kalinga Kadamba Ganga Chalukya Rashtrakuta Hoysala Pandayan

Related

History

Timeline

Pañca-Parameṣṭhi Pratima Śalākāpuruṣa Tirtha Samavasarana Jain calendar

Samvatsari

Panch Kalyanaka Statue of Ahimsa Temple Sculpture Art Law Nigoda Jain terms and concepts Sexual differences

Lists

List of Jains List of Jain temples List of Jain ascetics List of Digambar Jain ascetics Topics List (index)

Navboxes

Gods Literature Monks & nuns Scholars Temples

America Bengal

  Portal   Commons   Wikiquote  

.