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Jaca
Jaca
(in Aragonese: Chaca or Xaca[1]) is a city of northeastern Spain in the province of Huesca, located near the Pyrenees
Pyrenees
and the border with France. Jaca
Jaca
is an ancient fort on the Aragón River, situated at the crossing of two great early medieval routes, one from Pau to Zaragoza. Jaca
Jaca
was the city out of which the County and Kingdom of Aragon
Aragon
developed. It was the capital of Aragon
Aragon
until 1097 and also the capital of Jacetania.

Contents

1 Villages 2 History 3 Main sights 4 Tourism
Tourism
and sports 5 Gallery 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Villages[edit] Besides Jaca
Jaca
town, there are a number of outlying villages in Jaca's municipality, including the ski resort of Astún. History[edit] The origins of the city are obscure, but its name is apparently of Lacetani origin, mentioned by Strabo
Strabo
as one of the most celebrated of the numerous small tribes inhabiting the Ebro
Ebro
basin. Strabo
Strabo
adds that their territory lay on the site of the wars in the 1st century BC between Sertorius
Sertorius
and Pompey. According to the atlas of the ancient Greek and Roman worlds Jaca
Jaca
was a town where minted coins were made[2] from the second half of the 2nd century BC, a small number of which are now in the British Museum.[3] The coins show an unidentified bearded head to the right with an inscription to the left and also have an image of a dolphin. The reverse side depicts a horseman carrying a spear to the right, with an inscription below in Iberian reading iaka.[3] It is unknown when the town was reconquered. Ramiro I of Aragon (1035–1063) granted it the title of City. In 1063 it was the site of the Synod of Jaca. On December 12–13 1930 a mutiny, demanding the abolition of the monarchy, was suppressed with some difficulty. It was an early event that preceded the Spanish Civil War. Main sights[edit] Jaca
Jaca
boasts several medieval walls and towers surrounding the 11th-century Romanesque Jaca
Jaca
Cathedral. The Jaca
Jaca
citadel, a fortification dating to the late 16th century, is home to a colony of rock sparrows. The Diocesan Museum of Jaca
Jaca
(Museum of Medieval
Medieval
Sacred Art) protects Romanesque and Gothic frescoes, some of which were found in the most remote locations in the Jaca
Jaca
district. Tourism
Tourism
and sports[edit] Jaca
Jaca
is a tourist destination in the region for summer holidays and winter sports. Starting in the early 1970s, the city was transformed from being a small provincial and garrison town to become the gateway to a mid-tier mountain sports area with two major winter resorts (Valle de Astun and Candanchu) within a 30 km drive of the city. The accompanying urban and infrastructure development in the 1970s and 1980s was controversial, with many claiming that the town lost a lot of its original charm and authenticity to the interests of developers. The development experienced by the city, with the construction of a nationally known ice-skating rink (the Pista de Hielo del Pirineo), a small convention centre (the Palacio de Congresos) and countless second residences had a profound impact on the economy of the Valley (Valle del Aragon), where many of its inhabitants evolved from small-scale subsistence farmera in Jaca
Jaca
and the surrounding villages, to become part of a tertiary economy. Jaca
Jaca
was the host city of the 1981 and 1995 Winter Universiades. The city also hosted the 2007 European Youth Olympic Winter Festival. Its popularity for winter sports has been a motivating factor in the city's failed bids for the 1998 Winter Olympics, 2002 Winter Olympics and 2010 Winter Olympics, which were awarded to Nagano, Salt Lake City and Vancouver. It was again the applicant city of Spain
Spain
for the 2014 Winter Olympics, but the bid failed again when it was not selected as a candidate city and the games were ultimately awarded to Sochi. Gallery[edit]

Armour courtyard of the citadel

Statues inside the citadel representing the living in the medieval citadel

Statues in west-side of the cathedral

Cathedral, interior

Church of San Pedro

Calle Mayor

Casa Borau

Plaza de la Catedral

See also[edit]

Diocese of Jaca Ascara Castiello de Jaca

References[edit]

^ Toponyms: towns with local name in Aragonese in Great Aragonese Encyclopedia ^ Talbert, R., (2000). (ed.) Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. Map 25, E3. Also CDROM disc entry Map 25. ^ a b Bagwell-Purefoy, P., and Meadows, A., (2002). Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum (SNG). Volume IX. The British Museum 2. Spain. SNG No's 775-776

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Jaca.

Official website Diocesan Museum of Jaca Jaca: Useful information about tourism and lodgings

Preceded by Canfranc The Aragonese Way
The Aragonese Way
of the Way of St. James Succeeded by Santa Cruz de la Serós

v t e

Municipalities of La Jacetania

Aísa Ansó Aragüés del Puerto Artieda Bailo Borau Canal de Berdún Canfranc Castiello de Jaca Fago Jaca1 Jasa Mianos Puente la Reina de Jaca Salvatierra de Esca Santa Cilia Santa Cruz de la Serós Sigüés Valle de Hecho Villanúa

1Capital of the comarca

v t e

Municipalities in the province of Huesca

Abiego Abizanda Adahuesca Agüero Aísa Aínsa-Sobrarbe Albalate de Cinca Albalatillo Albelda Albero Alto Albero Bajo Alberuela de Tubo Alcalá de Gurrea Alcalá del Obispo Alcampell Alcolea de Cinca Alerre Alfántega Almudévar Almunia de San Juan Almuniente Alquézar Altorricón Angüés Ansó Antillón Aragüés del Puerto Arén Argavieso Arguis Ayerbe Azanuy-Alins Azara Azlor Baélls Bailo Baldellou Ballobar Banastás Barbastro Barbués Barbuñales Bárcabo Belver de Cinca Benabarre Benasque Berbegal Bielsa Bierge Biescas Binaced Binéfar Bisaurri Biscarrués Blecua y Torres Boltaña Bonansa Borau Broto Caldearenas Campo Camporrélls Canal de Berdún Candasnos Canfranc Capdesaso Capella Casbas de Huesca Castejón de Monegros Castejón de Sos Castejón del Puente Castelflorite Castiello de Jaca Castigaleu Castillazuelo Castillonroy Chalamera Chimillas Chía Colungo El Grado El Pueyo de Araguás Esplús Estada Estadilla Estopiñán del Castillo Fago Fanlo Fiscal Fonz Foradada del Toscar Fraga Gistaín Grañén Graus Gurrea de Gállego Hoz de Jaca Hoz y Costean Huerto Huesca Ibieca Igriés Ilche Isábena Jaca Jasa La Fueva La Puebla de Castro La Sotonera Labuerda Laluenga Lalueza Lanaja Laperdiguera Las Peñas de Riglos Lascellas-Ponzano Lascuarre Laspaúles Laspuña Loarre Loporzano Loscorrales Lupiñén-Ortilla Monesma y Cajigar Monflorite-Lascasas Montanuy Monzón Naval Novales Nueno Olvena Ontiñena Osso de Cinca Palo Panticosa Peñalba Peralta de Alcofea Peralta de Calasanz Peraltilla Perarrúa Pertusa Piracés Plan Poleñino Pozán de Vero Puente de Montañana Puente la Reina de Jaca Puértolas Pueyo de Santa Cruz Quicena Robres Sabiñánigo Sahún Salas Altas Salas Bajas Salillas Sallent de Gállego San Esteban de Litera San Juan de Plan San Miguel del Cinca Sangarrén Santa Cilia Santa Cruz de la Serós Santa María de Dulcis Santaliestra y San Quílez Sariñena Secastilla Seira Sena Senés de Alcubierre Sesa Sesué Siétamo Sopeira Tamarite de Litera Tardienta Tella-Sin Tierz Tolva Torla-Ordesa Torralba de Aragón Torre la Ribera Torrente de Cinca Torres de Alcanadre Torres de Barbués Tramaced Valfarta Valle de Bardají Valle de Hecho Valle de Lierp Velilla de Cinca Vencillón Veracruz Viacamp y Litera Vicién Villanova Villanueva de Sigena Villanúa Yebra de Basa Yésero Zaidín

Authority control

GND: 4109185-1 BNF:

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