Iyar (Hebrew: אִייָר or אִיָּר, Standard Iyyar Tiberian
ʾIyyār ; from Akkadian ayyaru, meaning "Rosette; blossom") is
the eighth month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the
second month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) on
the Hebrew calendar. The name is Babylonian in origin. It is a spring
month of 29 days.
Iyar usually falls in April–June on the Gregorian
In the Hebrew Bible, before the Babylonian Exile, the month is called
Ziv (1 Kings 6:1, 6:37). Ziv is a Hebrew name, which means "light" or
1 Holidays in Iyar
Iyar in Jewish history
3 Other uses
Holidays in Iyar
Iyar - Yom Hazikaron
Iyar - Yom Ha'atzmaut
Iyar - Herzl Day
Iyar - Pesach Sheini
Iyar - Lag Ba'omer
Iyar - Yom Yerushalayim
Bahab - see Cheshvan. It is observed on the Monday, Thursday, Monday,
preceding Lag BaOmer.
Iyar in Jewish history
Iyar (1165) -
Maimonides survives a fierce storm at sea while
Islamic persecution in Fez. From then on he observed the
day as a personal day of fasting and prayer.
Iyar (1948) -
Proclamation of the State of Israel
Proclamation of the State of Israel on Friday, 14 May
1948, before sunset.
Iyar (498 BCE) - Jerusalem's rebuilt walls are dedicated, nearly 88
years after their destruction by Nebuchadnezzar.
Iyar (1096) - First
Pogroms Begin - On their way to Holy
Land, mobs of crusaders along with local inhabitants attacked many
Jewish communities, most notably in the Rhineland towns of Worms,
Germany and Mainz. On the Shabbat, the 8th of Iyar, the Jews of Speyer
were also attacked. However, most of them were allowed refuge in the
bishop's castle and neighbouring towns, such as Heidelberg. (See Sivan
in Jewish History" for
Iyar (circa 2870/2871 BC) Death of Eli the High Priest and his two
Iyar (1103) - Death of the Rif
Iyar (1904) - Death of Theodor Herzl
Iyar (1510) - 1,500 Jewish books were confiscated in Frankfurt am
Main, Germany at the instigation of an apostate.
Iyar (1881) -
Pogroms in Wasilkow and Konotop as Jews are blamed
for the assassination of Czar Alexander II, who was assassinated by
revolutionaries. The riots continued for three years across all of
Iyar (1948) - Battle at Degania - The Israeli Army defeated the
advancing Syrian Army, following the shelling at the entrance of
Deganya, which began at sunrise and lasted nine hours. It is
considered the first Israeli victory of War of Independence.
Iyar (1427) - Jews expelled from Bern, Switzerland
Iyar (1312 BCE) - "Second Passover" - an additional opportunity to
offer the paschal sacrifice, for individuals who were impure on the
Passover holiday. (Numbers 9).
Iyar (2nd century BC) - Death of
Rabbi Meir Baal haNeis
Iyar (1605) - Jews of Bisenz,
Austria were massacred.
Iyar (1933) -
Nazis burned thousands of books written by Jews.
Iyar (1960) -
Adolf Eichmann captured in Buenos Aires.
Iyar (1727) - Jews Expelled from
Ukraine by Empress Catherine I, a
few months prior to her death.
Iyar (1883) -
Rostov-on-Don with the encouragement of
local Russian officials.
Iyar (1939) - "Nuremberg Laws" - The
Nazi Nuremberg Laws, depriving
Jews the rights citizenship, were passed by the government of Nazi
Germany in 1935. In 1939, on the 16th of Iyar, the laws went into
effect in Nazi-allied Hungary.
Iyar (1945) - Dachau liberated by the U.S. Army.
Iyar (66 CE) - Jews attack and defeat the Roman garrison in
Jerusalem, following the theft of silver from the Holy Temple.
Iyar (1793) - Death of the Noda B'Yehudah
Iyar (circa 120 CE) - A plague which killed 24000 of Rabbi Akiva's
disciples ceases.
Iyar (2nd century CE) - Death of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai[citation
needed] On the day of his death—
Iyar 18, the 33rd day of the Omer
Count—Rabbi Shimon gathered his disciples and revealed many of the
deepest secrets of the divine wisdom, and instructed them to mark the
date as "the day of my joy."
Iyar (circa 1573) - Death of Rama, who is regarded as the
definitive Halachic authority for Ashkenazic Jews.
Iyar (1690) -
Ettingen Jews acquitted of a blood libel, avoiding
the danger of the decree to destroy their synagogue were they to be
found guilty. The local Jews celebrated this day as a local "Purim"
celebration-day of thanksgiving.
Iyar (1948) - IDF created.
Iyar (1948) -
Synagogue captured and dynamited by the Arab
Legion of Jordan during the battle for Old Jerusalem. The synagogue
was built by the group of disciples of Rabbi Elijah (the "Vilna Gaon")
who immigrated from
Lithuania in 1864. The synagogue was built on the
ruins of the synagogue built by Rabbi Judah Chassid (Segal) and his
disciples in 1700, which was destroyed by Arab mobs in 1721. It was
therefore named the "Hurvat Rabbi Judah HaChassid" -- the ruins of
Rabbi Judah the Chassid, or simply "The Hurva" -- The Ruin.
Iyar (1293) - Death of Maharam of Rothenberg in his cell in the
Ensisheim fortress, where he had been imprisoned for ten years in an
attempt to exact a huge ransom from the Jewish community. The money
had been raised, but
Rabbi Meir refused to have himself redeemed, lest
this encourage the hostage taking of other Jewish leaders. (see Adar
Iyar (1945) - Goebbels commits suicide as
World War II
World War II nears its
Iyar (circa 1312 BCE) -
The Children of Israel
The Children of Israel departed their
encampment near Mount Sinai.
Iyar (1288) - Thirteen
Troyes Jews burned at the stake by the
Inquisition for supposedly murdering a Christian child. The thirteen
Jews chosen were from among the richer members of the community. Jews
were also killed in a "blood libel" in Neuchâtel,
Switzerland on this
Iyar (1637) -
Venice Jews forbidden the right to practice law or to
act as advocates in the Courts of Venice.
Iyar (1939) - Mt. Scopus Hospital opened on Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem.
The hospital, designed by renowned
Bauhaus architect Erich
Mendelssohn, opened as a modern, 300-bed academic medical facility.
Iyar (1942) - All pregnant women in the ghetto of Kovno sentenced
to death by the Nazis.
Iyar (1946) - Karl Hermann Frank, the German
Nazi official in
Czechoslovakia, was hanged. Frank surrendered to the American army on
May 9, 1945 and was extradited and tried in a court in Prague.
Following his conviction for war crimes, Frank was sentenced to death
and hanged in the courtyard of the Pankrac prison in Prague as 5,000
onlookers witnessed his death.
Iyar (1731) - Jewish books begin to be searched for and confiscated
by Giovanni Antonio Costanzi, the Vatican librarian and author of a
catalogue of the Vatican's Hebrew manuscripts, in all the Jewish
quarters throughout the Papal States. More confiscations continued
over the next twenty years.
Iyar (1944) - Two months after the
Nazi occupation of Hungary,
Nazis began deportation of Hungarian Jews Jews to the Auschwitz
concentration camp. Eichmann personally oversaw the following day the
start of the extermination process. Eight days later an estimated
100,000 had been murdered.
Iyar (1945) - Germany surrenders to Allied Forces
Iyar (1096) -
Cologne Jews Saved - During the First Crusade, the
crusaders are locked out of Cologne, Germany and the local Jews are
saved, following the orders of the local bishop to close the gates to
the city. In a number of local provinces, where the local bishop tried
to avert the masses from harming the Jews, the Bishop would have to
escape for his own safety.
Iyar (1355) - Toledo Massacre - 1,200 Jews massacred by an Arab
Christian mob attack on the Jewish section of Toledo, Spain
Iyar (942) - Death of Rabbi
Saadia Gaon (892?-942).
Iyar (1747) - Death of Ramchal in a plague in Akko.
Iyar (1945) - Theresienstadt concentration camp liberated by the
Iyar (1967) - Six Day War begins.
Iyar (1962) - Eichmann hanged at Ramleh Prison.
Iyar (1967) -
Jerusalem conquered during the Six Day War. The day
is marked in Israel as "
Iyar (circa 1012 BCE) - Death of
Samuel the Prophet, marked by
pilgrimages to his tomb on the outskirts of Jerusalem. Many Jews
consider this a Ta'anit Tzadik and fast.
This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it.
Main article: Arabic names of calendar months
In Arabic, Ayyar or Eyyar (Arabic: أيّار) refers to the month
Resources on the Month of Iyar
This Month in Jewish History
^ Eli The High Priest, Chabad org
^ The Twenty Eighth of Iyar
Jewish and Israeli holidays and observances
Jewish holidays and
High Holy Days
Fast of Gedalia
Ten Days of Repentance
Fast of the Firstborn
Yom tov sheni shel galuyot
Tenth of Tevet
Fast of Esther
Counting of the Omer
17th of Tammuz
The Three Weeks
The Nine Days
Rosh Hashanah LaBehema
Holidays / memorial days
of the State of Israel
Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day)
Yom HaZikaron (Memorial Day)
Yom HaShoah (Holocaust Remembrance Day)
Yom Yerushalayim (
Yom HaAliyah (Aliyah Day)
Ethnic minority holidays
Hebrew calendar months
Jewish and Israeli ho