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Iyar
Iyar
(Hebrew: אִייָר‎ or אִיָּר, Standard Iyyar Tiberian ʾIyyār ; from Akkadian ayyaru, meaning "Rosette; blossom") is the eighth month of the civil year (which starts on 1 Tishrei) and the second month of the ecclesiastical year (which starts on 1 Nisan) on the Hebrew calendar. The name is Babylonian in origin. It is a spring month of 29 days. Iyar
Iyar
usually falls in April–June on the Gregorian calendar. In the Hebrew Bible, before the Babylonian Exile, the month is called Ziv (1 Kings 6:1, 6:37). Ziv is a Hebrew name, which means "light" or "glow".

Contents

1 Holidays in Iyar 2 Iyar
Iyar
in Jewish history 3 Other uses 4 References

Holidays in Iyar[edit]

4 Iyar
Iyar
- Yom Hazikaron 5 Iyar
Iyar
- Yom Ha'atzmaut 10 Iyar
Iyar
- Herzl Day 14 Iyar
Iyar
- Pesach Sheini 18 Iyar
Iyar
- Lag Ba'omer 28 Iyar
Iyar
- Yom Yerushalayim Bahab - see Cheshvan. It is observed on the Monday, Thursday, Monday, preceding Lag BaOmer.

Iyar
Iyar
in Jewish history[edit]

4 Iyar
Iyar
(1165) - Maimonides
Maimonides
survives a fierce storm at sea while fleeing from Islamic
Islamic
persecution in Fez. From then on he observed the day as a personal day of fasting and prayer. 5 Iyar
Iyar
(1948) - Proclamation of the State of Israel
Proclamation of the State of Israel
on Friday, 14 May 1948, before sunset. 7 Iyar
Iyar
(498 BCE) - Jerusalem's rebuilt walls are dedicated, nearly 88 years after their destruction by Nebuchadnezzar. 8 Iyar
Iyar
(1096) - First Crusade
Crusade
Pogroms
Pogroms
Begin - On their way to Holy Land, mobs of crusaders along with local inhabitants attacked many Jewish communities, most notably in the Rhineland towns of Worms, Germany and Mainz. On the Shabbat, the 8th of Iyar, the Jews of Speyer were also attacked. However, most of them were allowed refuge in the bishop's castle and neighbouring towns, such as Heidelberg. (See Sivan in Jewish History" for Sivan
Sivan
1). 10 Iyar
Iyar
(circa 2870/2871 BC) Death of Eli the High Priest and his two sons[1] 10 Iyar
Iyar
(1103) - Death of the Rif 10 Iyar
Iyar
(1904) - Death of Theodor Herzl 11 Iyar
Iyar
(1510) - 1,500 Jewish books were confiscated in Frankfurt am Main, Germany at the instigation of an apostate. 11 Iyar
Iyar
(1881) - Pogroms
Pogroms
in Wasilkow and Konotop as Jews are blamed for the assassination of Czar Alexander II, who was assassinated by revolutionaries. The riots continued for three years across all of Russia. 11 Iyar
Iyar
(1948) - Battle at Degania - The Israeli Army defeated the advancing Syrian Army, following the shelling at the entrance of Deganya, which began at sunrise and lasted nine hours. It is considered the first Israeli victory of War of Independence. 13 Iyar
Iyar
(1427) - Jews expelled from Bern, Switzerland 14 Iyar
Iyar
(1312 BCE) - "Second Passover" - an additional opportunity to offer the paschal sacrifice, for individuals who were impure on the main Passover
Passover
holiday. (Numbers 9). 14 Iyar
Iyar
(2nd century BC) - Death of Rabbi Meir
Rabbi Meir
Baal haNeis 14 Iyar
Iyar
(1605) - Jews of Bisenz, Austria
Austria
were massacred. 14 Iyar
Iyar
(1933) - Nazis
Nazis
burned thousands of books written by Jews. 14 Iyar
Iyar
(1960) - Adolf Eichmann
Adolf Eichmann
captured in Buenos Aires. 15 Iyar
Iyar
(1727) - Jews Expelled from Ukraine
Ukraine
by Empress Catherine I, a few months prior to her death. 15 Iyar
Iyar
(1883) - Pogrom
Pogrom
in Rostov-on-Don
Rostov-on-Don
with the encouragement of local Russian officials. 15 Iyar
Iyar
(1939) - "Nuremberg Laws" - The Nazi
Nazi
Nuremberg Laws, depriving Jews the rights citizenship, were passed by the government of Nazi Germany in 1935. In 1939, on the 16th of Iyar, the laws went into effect in Nazi-allied Hungary. 15 Iyar
Iyar
(1945) - Dachau liberated by the U.S. Army. 17 Iyar
Iyar
(66 CE) - Jews attack and defeat the Roman garrison in Jerusalem, following the theft of silver from the Holy Temple. 17 Iyar
Iyar
(1793) - Death of the Noda B'Yehudah 18 Iyar
Iyar
(circa 120 CE) - A plague which killed 24000 of Rabbi Akiva's disciples ceases.[citation needed] 18 Iyar
Iyar
(2nd century CE) - Death of Rabbi Shimon bar Yochai[citation needed] On the day of his death— Iyar
Iyar
18, the 33rd day of the Omer Count—Rabbi Shimon gathered his disciples and revealed many of the deepest secrets of the divine wisdom, and instructed them to mark the date as "the day of my joy." 18 Iyar
Iyar
(circa 1573) - Death of Rama, who is regarded as the definitive Halachic authority for Ashkenazic Jews. 18 Iyar
Iyar
(1690) - Ettingen
Ettingen
Jews acquitted of a blood libel, avoiding the danger of the decree to destroy their synagogue were they to be found guilty. The local Jews celebrated this day as a local "Purim" celebration-day of thanksgiving. 18 Iyar
Iyar
(1948) - IDF created. 18 Iyar
Iyar
(1948) - Hurva
Hurva
Synagogue
Synagogue
captured and dynamited by the Arab Legion of Jordan during the battle for Old Jerusalem. The synagogue was built by the group of disciples of Rabbi Elijah (the "Vilna Gaon") who immigrated from Lithuania
Lithuania
in 1864. The synagogue was built on the ruins of the synagogue built by Rabbi Judah Chassid (Segal) and his disciples in 1700, which was destroyed by Arab mobs in 1721. It was therefore named the "Hurvat Rabbi Judah HaChassid" -- the ruins of Rabbi Judah the Chassid, or simply "The Hurva" -- The Ruin. 19 Iyar
Iyar
(1293) - Death of Maharam of Rothenberg in his cell in the Ensisheim fortress, where he had been imprisoned for ten years in an attempt to exact a huge ransom from the Jewish community. The money had been raised, but Rabbi Meir
Rabbi Meir
refused to have himself redeemed, lest this encourage the hostage taking of other Jewish leaders. (see Adar 4) 19 Iyar
Iyar
(1945) - Goebbels commits suicide as World War II
World War II
nears its end. 20 Iyar
Iyar
(circa 1312 BCE) - The Children of Israel
The Children of Israel
departed their encampment near Mount Sinai. 20 Iyar
Iyar
(1288) - Thirteen Troyes
Troyes
Jews burned at the stake by the Inquisition
Inquisition
for supposedly murdering a Christian child. The thirteen Jews chosen were from among the richer members of the community. Jews were also killed in a "blood libel" in Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Switzerland
on this date. 20 Iyar
Iyar
(1637) - Venice
Venice
Jews forbidden the right to practice law or to act as advocates in the Courts of Venice. 20 Iyar
Iyar
(1939) - Mt. Scopus Hospital opened on Mt. Scopus, Jerusalem. The hospital, designed by renowned Bauhaus
Bauhaus
architect Erich Mendelssohn, opened as a modern, 300-bed academic medical facility. 20 Iyar
Iyar
(1942) - All pregnant women in the ghetto of Kovno sentenced to death by the Nazis. 21 Iyar
Iyar
(1946) - Karl Hermann Frank, the German Nazi
Nazi
official in Czechoslovakia, was hanged. Frank surrendered to the American army on May 9, 1945 and was extradited and tried in a court in Prague. Following his conviction for war crimes, Frank was sentenced to death and hanged in the courtyard of the Pankrac prison in Prague as 5,000 onlookers witnessed his death. 22 Iyar
Iyar
(1731) - Jewish books begin to be searched for and confiscated by Giovanni Antonio Costanzi, the Vatican librarian and author of a catalogue of the Vatican's Hebrew manuscripts, in all the Jewish quarters throughout the Papal States. More confiscations continued over the next twenty years. 22 Iyar
Iyar
(1944) - Two months after the Nazi
Nazi
occupation of Hungary, Nazis
Nazis
began deportation of Hungarian Jews Jews to the Auschwitz concentration camp. Eichmann personally oversaw the following day the start of the extermination process. Eight days later an estimated 100,000 had been murdered. 24 Iyar
Iyar
(1945) - Germany surrenders to Allied Forces 25 Iyar
Iyar
(1096) - Cologne
Cologne
Jews Saved - During the First Crusade, the crusaders are locked out of Cologne, Germany and the local Jews are saved, following the orders of the local bishop to close the gates to the city. In a number of local provinces, where the local bishop tried to avert the masses from harming the Jews, the Bishop would have to escape for his own safety. 25 Iyar
Iyar
(1355) - Toledo Massacre - 1,200 Jews massacred by an Arab Christian mob attack on the Jewish section of Toledo, Spain 26 Iyar
Iyar
(942) - Death of Rabbi Saadia Gaon
Saadia Gaon
(892?-942). 26 Iyar
Iyar
(1747) - Death of Ramchal in a plague in Akko. 26 Iyar
Iyar
(1945) - Theresienstadt concentration camp liberated by the Soviets. 26 Iyar
Iyar
(1967) - Six Day War begins. 27 Iyar
Iyar
(1962) - Eichmann hanged at Ramleh Prison. 28 Iyar
Iyar
(1967) - Jerusalem
Jerusalem
conquered during the Six Day War. The day is marked in Israel as " Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Day". 28 Iyar
Iyar
(circa 1012 BCE) - Death of Samuel
Samuel
the Prophet, marked by pilgrimages to his tomb on the outskirts of Jerusalem. Many Jews consider this a Ta'anit Tzadik and fast.[2]

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it. Other uses[edit] Main article: Arabic names of calendar months

In Arabic, Ayyar or Eyyar (Arabic: أيّار‎) refers to the month of May.

References[edit]

Resources on the Month of Iyar This Month in Jewish History

^ Eli The High Priest, Chabad org ^ The Twenty Eighth of Iyar

v t e

Jewish and Israeli holidays and observances

Jewish holidays
Jewish holidays
and observances

Shabbat

Shabbat

High Holy Days

Rosh Hashanah Fast of Gedalia Ten Days of Repentance Yom Kippur

Three Pilgrimage Festivals

Passover Fast of the Firstborn Pesach Sheni

Shavuot

Sukkot Hoshana Rabbah Shemini Atzeret Simchat Torah

Yom tov sheni shel galuyot Chol HaMoed Isru chag

Rosh Chodesh Hanukkah Tenth of Tevet Tu BiShvat Fast of Esther Purim Purim
Purim
Katan Counting of the Omer Lag BaOmer 17th of Tammuz The Three Weeks The Nine Days Tisha B'Av Tu B'Av Rosh Hashanah
Rosh Hashanah
LaBehema

Holidays / memorial days of the State of Israel

Yom HaAtzmaut (Independence Day) Yom HaZikaron
Yom HaZikaron
(Memorial Day) Yom HaShoah
Yom HaShoah
(Holocaust Remembrance Day) Yom Yerushalayim
Yom Yerushalayim
( Jerusalem
Jerusalem
Day) Yom HaAliyah
Yom HaAliyah
(Aliyah Day) Ben-Gurion Day Herzl Day Jabotinsky Day Rabin Day

Ethnic minority holidays

Mimouna Seharane Sigd

Hebrew calendar
Hebrew calendar
months

Tishrei Cheshvan Kislev Tevet Shevat Adar
Adar
and Adar
Adar
Sheni Nisan Iyar Sivan Tammuz Av Elul

Jewish and Israeli ho

.