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Ismailia
Ismailia
(Arabic: الإسماعيلية‎ al-Ismāʻīlīyah  Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [lesmæʕiˈlejjæ]) is a city in north-eastern Egypt. Known in Egypt
Egypt
as "The City of Beauty and Enchantment", Ismailia
Ismailia
is situated on the west bank of the Suez
Suez
Canal, it is the capital of the Ismailia
Ismailia
Governorate. The city has a population (including surrounding rural areas) of approximately 750,000 inhabitants. It is located approximately halfway between Port Said to the north and Suez
Suez
to the south. The Canal widens at that point to include Lake Timsah, one of the Bitter Lakes
Bitter Lakes
linked by the Canal.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Government and politics

2 Coptic Catholic Eparchy 3 Education

3.1 Schools 3.2 Universities

4 Culture and recreation

4.1 Arts and festivals 4.2 Archaeological Museum 4.3 Tourism 4.4 Sports

5 Climate 6 Notable natives 7 References 8 External links

History[edit]

Ismalaïlia, ca. 1870

Postcard of the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
Company

Ismailia
Ismailia
was founded in 1863, during the construction of the Suez Canal, by Khedive Ismail the Magnificent, after whom the city is named. Following the Battle of Kafr-el-Dawwar
Battle of Kafr-el-Dawwar
in 1882 the British established a base there.

The head office of the Suez Canal
Suez Canal
Authority is located in Ismailia
Ismailia
at the shore of Lake Timsah. It still has a large number of buildings dating from British and French involvement with the Canal. Most of these buildings are still used by Canal employees and officials. During World War I
World War I
the British had an air base there and the Battle of Romani took place nearby. Ismailia
Ismailia
War Cemetery was designed in 1919 by Sir Robert Lorimer
Robert Lorimer
marking the casualties of the battle.[1] In 1973 the Battle of Ismailia
Battle of Ismailia
took place in the city. Government and politics[edit] The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in Ismailia
Ismailia
by Hassan al-Banna
Hassan al-Banna
in March 1928. An underground paramilitary wing was established in the 1940s, primarily to fight British occupation forces. In the early 1950s, Ismailia
Ismailia
hosted the British Military HQ and the Civilian Administration Centre of the Canal Zone. British suppression of an uprising by rebellious Egyptian police there on 25 January 1952 was a key event leading to the overthrow of King Farouk I
Farouk I
later that year and the Egyptian Revolution that followed. British forces pulled out of Ismailia
Ismailia
in 1954. Coptic Catholic Eparchy[edit] On 1982.12.17 an Eparchy ( Eastern Catholic
Eastern Catholic
Diocese) of Ismayliah was established on territory split off from the Coptic Catholic Patriarchate of Alexandria
Alexandria
( Alexandrian Rite in Coptic language), which remains its Metropolitan. Its episcopal see is St. Mark's cathedral.

Suffragan Eparchs (Bishops of Ismayliah

Athanasios Abadir (1982.12.17 – death 1992.05.25), previously Titular Bishop
Titular Bishop
of Appia
Appia
(1976.05.18 – 1982.12.17) & Patriarchal Vicar of Alexandria of the Copts (Egypt) (1976.05.18 – 1982.12.17) Youhannes Ezzat Zakaria Badir (1992.11.23 – 1994.06.23), later Eparch (Bishop) of Luqsor of the Copts
Luqsor of the Copts
(Egypt) (1994.06.23 – death 2015.12.27) Makarios Tewfik (1994.06.23 – ...)

Education[edit] Schools[edit] Ismailia
Ismailia
has several public and private schools. They face educational problems schools all around Egypt
Egypt
face. Private tutoring is widely accessible and is almost an unofficial requirement for all students. Two international schools, Manar Language School and Educational Language Complex School (E.L.C) offer American Diploma and I.G.C.S. teaching systems. Universities[edit] Ismailia
Ismailia
is the home of Suez Canal
Suez Canal
University, established in 1976 to serve the region of Suez Canal
Suez Canal
and Sinai. Suez Canal
Suez Canal
University now is one of the fastest growing educational institutions in Egypt
Egypt
with many students studying abroad. The new university of Suez Canal
Suez Canal
University was established with the help of the Chinese Government. Culture and recreation[edit] Arts and festivals[edit]

Virgin Mary Church known as "Guardian of the Canal", is one of many examples of French architecture in Ismailia

Ismailia
Ismailia
hosts two important festivals each year. The first is the International Film Festival for Documentaries and Shorts that is held in June.[2] In June 2014 the 17th consecutive festival was organized. The second is the Ismailia
Ismailia
International Folklore Arts Festival that is held in September. In this festival folkloric troupes from all around the globe meet in Ismailia, where they perform folkloric dances representing the culture of their countries.[3] Archaeological Museum[edit] A major attraction is the Ismailia
Ismailia
Museum which was built in 1932. Visitors will find a variety of significant archaeological finds especially from sites in the Ismailia
Ismailia
governorate such as Tell el-Maskhuta, from North Sinai, and from Upper Egypt. Tourism[edit] Ismailia
Ismailia
does get tourists from within Egypt, but is not a major tourism destination for international tourists. The city is approximately a ninety-minute automobile drive from Cairo. From Ismailia
Ismailia
it is approximately a four-hour drive to Sharm el-Sheikh
Sharm el-Sheikh
in South Sinai. Driving to the Taba Border Crossing
Taba Border Crossing
at Taba and the Rafah Border Crossing at Rafah
Rafah
are both approximately four hour drives. Sports[edit] Ismailia
Ismailia
owns the 3rd most successful club in Egypt
Egypt
in the field of Football, Ismaily SC. The club's performance is considered a major political issue, and can tend to dictate the city's mood. The team enjoys brief stints of competition for local and international competition, but its financial situation prevents these stints from extending beyond a few years. The team has won the Egyptian League three times (1967, 1991, 2002), the Egyptian Cup twice (1997, 2000), and the African Champions League once (1969) as a first Egyptian Arab Club team won this league. Climate[edit] Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
classifies its climate as hot desert (BWh). The hottest recorded temperature was 47 °C (117 °F) on June 14, 1944 while the coldest recorded temperature was −2 °C (28 °F) on February 9, 1991.[4]

Climate data for Ismailia

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °C (°F) 30 (86) 36 (97) 40 (104) 44 (111) 44 (111) 47 (117) 45 (113) 41 (106) 44 (111) 40 (104) 37 (99) 32 (90) 47 (117)

Average high °C (°F) 19.2 (66.6) 20.9 (69.6) 23.3 (73.9) 28.6 (83.5) 31.8 (89.2) 34.8 (94.6) 35.7 (96.3) 35.3 (95.5) 33.1 (91.6) 30 (86) 25.4 (77.7) 20.9 (69.6) 28.2 (82.8)

Daily mean °C (°F) 14.8 (58.6) 16.1 (61) 18.3 (64.9) 22.9 (73.2) 25.7 (78.3) 28 (82) 29.8 (85.6) 29.6 (85.3) 27.8 (82) 24.8 (76.6) 20.3 (68.5) 15.9 (60.6) 22.8 (73)

Average low °C (°F) 7.6 (45.7) 8.3 (46.9) 10.3 (50.5) 14.1 (57.4) 16.4 (61.5) 19.5 (67.1) 21.3 (70.3) 21.5 (70.7) 19.7 (67.5) 16.6 (61.9) 12.7 (54.9) 8.9 (48) 14.7 (58.5)

Record low °C (°F) 1 (34) −2 (28) 2 (36) 7 (45) 3 (37) 10 (50) 13 (55) 14 (57) 12 (54) 9 (48) 4 (39) 2 (36) −2 (28)

Average precipitation mm (inches) 7 (0.28) 6 (0.24) 7 (0.28) 2 (0.08) 2 (0.08) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2 (0.08) 6 (0.24) 5 (0.2) 37 (1.46)

Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.1 0.5 0.7 0.3 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 3.5

Average relative humidity (%) 57 54 49 43 42 46 48 51 54 55 58 60 51.4

Source #1: NOAA,[5] Climate Charts[6]

Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures[4]

Ismailia's railway station

Notable natives[edit]

Ali Gabr, footballer Osman Ahmed Osman, a famous and influential Egyptian engineer, contractor, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in this town on 6 April 1917. Tahiya Karioka, a famous Egyptian belly dancer and film actress, was born in this town on 22 February 1919. Claude François, a famous French pop singer and songwriter, was born in this town on 1 February 1939. Ahmed Hegazy, footballer Louis Chedid, a famous French singer and songwriter son of writer Andrée Chedid
Andrée Chedid
and father of Matthieu Chedid
Matthieu Chedid
(better known as -M-) was born in this town on 1 January 1948. Kazdağlıs (Egypt), Egyptian ayan household of the Faqari faction during 17th and 18th c. founded by Mustafa al-Kazdagli. Their leader became the de facto ruler of Egypt
Egypt
until Napoleon's invasion. One of them, Ali Bey, attempted and failed to conquer essentially his own realm from his Egyptian base.

References[edit]

^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Lorimer ^ Ismailia
Ismailia
Film Festival http://www.ismailiafilmfest.com/. Retrieved 4 August 2014.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ Egypt
Egypt
State Information Service http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/Templates/Articles/tmpArticles.aspx?CatID=1078#.U9_y6Xt5ElQ. Retrieved 4 August 2014.  Missing or empty title= (help) ^ a b "Ismailia, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 5 July 2013.  ^ "Dabaa Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 5, 2015.  ^ "Ismailia, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 5 July 2013. 

Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Al Ismailiyah, Egypt". Archived from the original on September 27, 2008. Retrieved 2008-03-23. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ismailia.

Ismaïlia governorate official website Diocese of Ismailia Suez Canal
Suez Canal
University official website Short animation festival in Ismailia

Coordinates: 30°35′N 32°16′E / 30.583°N 32.267°E / 30.583; 32.267

v t e

Governorates capitals of Egypt

Governorate (capital)

Alexandria
Alexandria
(Alexandria) Aswan
Aswan
(Aswan) Asyut
Asyut
(Asyut) Beheira (Damanhur) Beni Suef
Beni Suef
(Beni Suef) Cairo
Cairo
(Cairo) Dakahlia (Mansoura) Damietta
Damietta
(Damietta) Faiyum
Faiyum
(Faiyum) Gharbia (Tanta) Giza
Giza
(Giza) Ismailia
Ismailia
(Ismailia) Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh
(Kafr El Sheikh) Luxor
Luxor
(Luxor) Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh) Minya (Minya) New Valley (Kharga) North Sinai (Arish) Port Said
Port Said
(Port Said) Qalyubia (Benha) Qena
Qena
(Qena) Red Sea (Hurghada) Sharqia (Zagazig) Sohag
Sohag
(Sohag) South Sinai (El Tor) Suez
Suez
(Suez)

v t e

Egyptian cities and towns by population

1,000,000 and more

Alexandria Cairo Giza Shubra El Kheima

300,000-999,999

Asyut Bilbeis Damietta Faiyum Imbaba Ismailia El Mahalla El Kubra Kom Ombo Mansoura Luxor Port Fuad Port Said Suez Tanta Zagazig

100,000-299,999

6th of October Arish Aswan Banha Beni Suef Damanhur Desouk Edfu Hurghada Kafr El Dawwar Kafr El Sheikh Mallawi Minya New Borg El Arab New Cairo Obour Qena Shibin El Kom Sohag

<99,999

Abydos Ain Sokhna Akhmim Dahab Dakhla Dendera Dekernes El Alamein El Gouna Esna Hamrah Dom Hala'ib Kharga Marsa Alam Marsa Matruh Nag Hammadi New Nubariya Nuweiba Rosetta Sadat Safaga Saint Catherine Siwa Sharm El Sheikh Taba Talkha

v t e

Suez
Suez
Canal

Authorities

Suez Canal
Suez Canal
Authority (SCA) Port Said
Port Said
Port Authority Suez
Suez
Governorate Ismailia
Ismailia
Governorate Port Said
Port Said
Governorate

Cities and ports

Port Said

Port Fuad Suez Canal
Suez Canal
Container Terminal

Ismailia Suez

Suez
Suez
Port

Infrastructure

Waterworks

Suezmax Lake Manzala Lake Timsah Great Bitter Lake Sweet Water Canal

Constructions

Port Said
Port Said
Lighthouse Suez Canal
Suez Canal
Bridge El Ferdan Railway Bridge Ahmed Hamdi Tunnel Power line crossing

Canal expansion (2015)

Area Development Project New Suez
Suez
Canal

Marine life

Lessepsian migration

List

History

Heroopolite Gulf Canal of the Pharaohs Société d'études du Canal de Suez
Suez
(1846)

French/UK operation

Ferdinand de Lesseps Isma'il Pasha Suez Canal
Suez Canal
Company Convention of Constantinople Raid on the Suez
Suez
Canal Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936

Suez
Suez
Crisis (1956)

Operation Musketeer Operation Tarnegol Operation Telescope Protocol of Sèvres United Nations Security Council Resolution 118 United Nations Security Council Resolution 119

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 133767735 GND: 4370186-3 BNF:

.