Ismailia (Arabic: الإسماعيلية al-Ismāʻīlīyah
Egyptian Arabic pronunciation: [lesmæʕiˈlejjæ]) is a city in
north-eastern Egypt. Known in
Egypt as "The City of Beauty and
Ismailia is situated on the west bank of the
it is the capital of the
Ismailia Governorate. The city has a
population (including surrounding rural areas) of approximately
750,000 inhabitants. It is located approximately halfway between Port
Said to the north and
Suez to the south. The Canal widens at that
point to include Lake Timsah, one of the
Bitter Lakes linked by the
1.1 Government and politics
2 Coptic Catholic Eparchy
4 Culture and recreation
4.1 Arts and festivals
4.2 Archaeological Museum
6 Notable natives
8 External links
Ismalaïlia, ca. 1870
Postcard of the
Suez Canal Company
Ismailia was founded in 1863, during the construction of the Suez
Canal, by Khedive Ismail the Magnificent, after whom the city is
named. Following the
Battle of Kafr-el-Dawwar
Battle of Kafr-el-Dawwar in 1882 the British
established a base there.
The head office of the
Suez Canal Authority is located in
the shore of Lake Timsah. It still has a large number of buildings
dating from British and French involvement with the Canal. Most of
these buildings are still used by Canal employees and officials.
World War I
World War I the British had an air base there and the Battle of
Romani took place nearby.
Ismailia War Cemetery was designed in 1919
Robert Lorimer marking the casualties of the battle.
In 1973 the
Battle of Ismailia
Battle of Ismailia took place in the city.
Government and politics
The Muslim Brotherhood was founded in
Hassan al-Banna in
March 1928. An underground paramilitary wing was established in the
1940s, primarily to fight British occupation forces. In the early
Ismailia hosted the British Military HQ and the Civilian
Administration Centre of the Canal Zone. British suppression of an
uprising by rebellious Egyptian police there on 25 January 1952 was a
key event leading to the overthrow of King
Farouk I later that year
and the Egyptian Revolution that followed. British forces pulled out
Ismailia in 1954.
Coptic Catholic Eparchy
On 1982.12.17 an Eparchy (
Eastern Catholic Diocese) of Ismayliah was
established on territory split off from the Coptic Catholic
Alexandrian Rite in Coptic language),
which remains its Metropolitan. Its episcopal see is St. Mark's
Suffragan Eparchs (Bishops of Ismayliah
Athanasios Abadir (1982.12.17 – death 1992.05.25), previously
Titular Bishop of
Appia (1976.05.18 – 1982.12.17) & Patriarchal
Alexandria of the Copts (Egypt) (1976.05.18 – 1982.12.17)
Youhannes Ezzat Zakaria Badir (1992.11.23 – 1994.06.23), later
Eparch (Bishop) of
Luqsor of the Copts
Luqsor of the Copts (Egypt) (1994.06.23 – death
Makarios Tewfik (1994.06.23 – ...)
Ismailia has several public and private schools. They face educational
problems schools all around
Egypt face. Private tutoring is widely
accessible and is almost an unofficial requirement for all students.
Two international schools, Manar Language School and Educational
Language Complex School (E.L.C) offer American Diploma and I.G.C.S.
Ismailia is the home of
Suez Canal University, established in 1976 to
serve the region of
Suez Canal and Sinai.
Suez Canal University now is
one of the fastest growing educational institutions in
Egypt with many
students studying abroad. The new university of
Suez Canal University
was established with the help of the Chinese Government.
Culture and recreation
Arts and festivals
Virgin Mary Church known as "Guardian of the Canal", is one of many
examples of French architecture in Ismailia
Ismailia hosts two important festivals each year. The first is the
International Film Festival for Documentaries and Shorts that is held
in June. In June 2014 the 17th consecutive festival was organized.
The second is the
Ismailia International Folklore Arts Festival that
is held in September. In this festival folkloric troupes from all
around the globe meet in Ismailia, where they perform folkloric dances
representing the culture of their countries.
A major attraction is the
Ismailia Museum which was built in 1932.
Visitors will find a variety of significant archaeological finds
especially from sites in the
Ismailia governorate such as Tell
el-Maskhuta, from North Sinai, and from Upper Egypt.
Ismailia does get tourists from within Egypt, but is not a major
tourism destination for international tourists. The city is
approximately a ninety-minute automobile drive from Cairo. From
Ismailia it is approximately a four-hour drive to
Sharm el-Sheikh in
South Sinai. Driving to the
Taba Border Crossing
Taba Border Crossing at Taba and the Rafah
Border Crossing at
Rafah are both approximately four hour drives.
Ismailia owns the 3rd most successful club in
Egypt in the field of
Football, Ismaily SC. The club's performance is considered a major
political issue, and can tend to dictate the city's mood. The team
enjoys brief stints of competition for local and international
competition, but its financial situation prevents these stints from
extending beyond a few years. The team has won the Egyptian League
three times (1967, 1991, 2002), the Egyptian Cup twice (1997, 2000),
and the African Champions League once (1969) as a first Egyptian Arab
Club team won this league.
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system
Köppen-Geiger climate classification system classifies its climate as
hot desert (BWh).
The hottest recorded temperature was 47 °C (117 °F) on
June 14, 1944 while the coldest recorded temperature was −2 °C
(28 °F) on February 9, 1991.
Climate data for Ismailia
Record high °C (°F)
Average high °C (°F)
Daily mean °C (°F)
Average low °C (°F)
Record low °C (°F)
Average precipitation mm (inches)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)
Average relative humidity (%)
Source #1: NOAA, Climate Charts
Source #2: Voodoo Skies for record temperatures
Ismailia's railway station
Ali Gabr, footballer
Osman Ahmed Osman, a famous and influential Egyptian engineer,
contractor, entrepreneur, and politician, was born in this town on 6
Tahiya Karioka, a famous Egyptian belly dancer and film actress, was
born in this town on 22 February 1919.
Claude François, a famous French pop singer and songwriter, was born
in this town on 1 February 1939.
Ahmed Hegazy, footballer
Louis Chedid, a famous French singer and songwriter son of writer
Andrée Chedid and father of
Matthieu Chedid (better known as -M-) was
born in this town on 1 January 1948.
Kazdağlıs (Egypt), Egyptian ayan household of the Faqari faction
during 17th and 18th c. founded by Mustafa al-Kazdagli. Their leader
became the de facto ruler of
Egypt until Napoleon's invasion. One of
them, Ali Bey, attempted and failed to conquer essentially his own
realm from his Egyptian base.
^ Dictionary of Scottish Architects: Robert Lorimer
Ismailia Film Festival http://www.ismailiafilmfest.com/. Retrieved 4
August 2014. Missing or empty title= (help)
Egypt State Information Service
Retrieved 4 August 2014. Missing or empty title= (help)
^ a b "Ismailia, Egypt". Voodoo Skies. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
^ "Dabaa Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved April 5, 2015.
^ "Ismailia, Egypt: Climate, Global Warming, and Daylight Charts and
Data". Climate Charts. Retrieved 5 July 2013.
Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. "Geographical information on Al
Ismailiyah, Egypt". Archived from the original on September 27, 2008.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ismailia.
Ismaïlia governorate official website
Diocese of Ismailia
Suez Canal University official website
Short animation festival in Ismailia
Coordinates: 30°35′N 32°16′E / 30.583°N 32.267°E /
Governorates capitals of Egypt
Beni Suef (Beni Suef)
Kafr El Sheikh
Kafr El Sheikh (Kafr El Sheikh)
Matrouh (Mersa Matrouh)
New Valley (Kharga)
North Sinai (Arish)
Port Said (Port Said)
Red Sea (Hurghada)
South Sinai (El Tor)
Egyptian cities and towns by population
1,000,000 and more
Shubra El Kheima
El Mahalla El Kubra
6th of October
Kafr El Dawwar
Kafr El Sheikh
New Borg El Arab
Shibin El Kom
Sharm El Sheikh
Suez Canal Authority (SCA)
Port Said Port Authority
Port Said Governorate
Cities and ports
Suez Canal Container Terminal
Great Bitter Lake
Sweet Water Canal
Port Said Lighthouse
Suez Canal Bridge
El Ferdan Railway Bridge
Ahmed Hamdi Tunnel
Power line crossing
Canal expansion (2015)
Area Development Project
Canal of the Pharaohs
Société d'études du Canal de
Ferdinand de Lesseps
Suez Canal Company
Convention of Constantinople
Raid on the
Anglo-Egyptian treaty of 1936
Suez Crisis (1956)
Protocol of Sèvres
United Nations Security Council Resolution 118
United Nations Security Council Resolution 119