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Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
(Port Rosnait in Gaelic), is one of the most southerly villages and seaports in Scotland, lying on the coast north east of Burrow Head, about three miles from Whithorn
Whithorn
in Dumfries and Galloway. Whithorn, (Taigh Mhàrtainn in Gaelic), is a former royal burgh in Wigtownshire, Dumfries and Galloway, with which the Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
is frequently incorrectly amalgamated or confused. It lies about thirteen miles south of Wigtown. The village is the location of the long ruined 13th century Saint Ninian's Chapel, previously a chapel linked to Whithorn
Whithorn
Priory and a stopping off point for pilgrims landing on Isle Head and making their way to Whithorn. No longer a true island, John Ainslie's maps as late as 1782 and 1821 show the Isle as an island. The main street was originally a causeway, with the harbour located on what was then the true Isle. The Isle has a long history of habitation, for example a survey of the ground between the Isle village and Saint Ninian's Chapel revealed Clearance cairns and cultivation furrows, as well as the remains of a rectangular building occupying the crest of the low hill immediately to the west of the chapel, with possible steps leading downhill towards the east.[1]

Contents

1 The community and amenities 2 History 3 Isle Castle 4 Saint Ninian's Chapel 5 Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
Tower 6 Isle Head 7 The harbour 8 The Wicker Man 9 See also 10 References 11 External links

The community and amenities[edit] A Community Council represents the village and a Church of Scotland church, previously a Free Kirk, sits on the old boatyard, a site extending into the harbour and threatened at exceptionally high tides. There is a bowling club, a basic football pitch and two play areas for the young. The village hall is well used - in August 2008, the community took over management control of this facility and it is now completely refurbished and home to Scotland's most southerly cinema 'Machars Movies'. Following a substantial award from the Big Lottery Fund, a new tearoom and retail shop 'Saint Ninian's' was constructed alongside the hall, and this opened in October 2014. The village has one pub, the Steam Packet Inn. A second pub, the Queen's Arms was closed some years ago. A post office and shop are situated on the roadside near the Queen's Arms. Also on the harbour there is a fish shop/general store called Isle Sea Foods, where you can buy fresh fish and also groceries. Upstairs in the building there is a launderette, a toilet and shower facilities. The old village school is now a private house, overlooking the Stinking Port, the bay on the other side of the Isle promontory. The war memorial sits at the north end of the village just off Main Street. It is a granite memorial stands on a mound overlooking the bowling green with twelve First World War
First World War
names on it and five Second World War
Second World War
names. The regiments and ships are given for the First World War
First World War
only.[2] Fishing is widely available on the lochs, local rivers Bladnoch and Cree, and on the sea itself by boat or from the shore. There are numerous trails and quiet roads for walking, horse riding or cycling. Signposted by the Whithorn
Whithorn
Pilgrimage Trust, the Pilgrim's Way follows a route southwards from the Southern Upland Way
Southern Upland Way
through the Machars, passing through New Luce
New Luce
and the early Christian holy sites of Glenluce Abbey, the White Loch, Whithorn, Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
and St Ninian's Cave. The main part of the route from Glenluce to Whithorn
Whithorn
is 25 miles (40 km) long. History[edit] Pliny the Elder
Pliny the Elder
died in AD 79 and in his Natural History he describes Britain, Ireland and the smaller islands off the coast, one being vectis and this has been identified with the Isle of Whithorn.[3] The name Lucopibia as used by Ptolemy
Ptolemy
has also been linked with Whithorn.[4] A haunt for smugglers and a principal harbour for legitimate trade and transport - here you caught the Countess of Galloway, the steam packet which would take you to Liverpool
Liverpool
and maybe a passage on an emigrant ship to the New World
New World
or Australia.[5] Isle Castle[edit]

Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
Castle

The Isle Castle is one of the village's oldest buildings. The building is comparatively small and is nearly square in plan, although the principle of an 'L' shaped arrangement is retained. In the early 19th century it was the residence of the Superintendent of the Coastguard, Sir John Reid. The 'Captain's Garden' is an extension into the harbour, now with several houses on it, but originally a garden associated with the castle. Still called the Captain's Garden it is decorated with simulated man o' war gun ports. Above the door of these quarters is a stone with the initials of Patrick Houston of Drummaston and his wife Margaret Gordon, together with the likely date of construction, 1674. This stone has been moved from the old entrance door of the main building. The angle turrets on the second floor are carried on three plain corbels and do not show at all in the inside of the building.[6] A Gothic-style porch was once attached to the Drumelan burn side of the castle.[7] The Bysbie corn mill was located on the other side of the Drummulin Burn from the castle and a sizeable mill pond and sluice supplied the water power; the mill remains lie behind the Queen's Arms Hotel. A Chalybeate
Chalybeate
'Spa Well' was located below the castle as shown by the 1850s 6 inch to the mile OS map.

Saint Ninian's Chapel[edit]

St. Ninian's Chapel

The chapel was repaired and partly rebuilt in 1898 by the Marquess of Bute, its main features being preserved. The present ruins are rectangular, measuring internally 31' x 16' 6". This building was probably erected to replace a 12th-early 13th century chapel, whose foundations were found during excavations and consisted of a nave, 17' 6" x 16' 6" with a square chancel. The chapel stood within a contemporary enclosure wall, part of which is still standing. An outer enclosure may have once existed, best seen in oblique sunlight, defining a roughly oval area 100' x 110'. This outer enclosure may be of the Celtic period. There are no records of the chapel's use as a burial ground.[8] Saint Ninian is chiefly remembered at Whithorn, however many places in Scotland
Scotland
are associated with his name, such as Saint Ninian's Isle in the River Garnock
River Garnock
near Kilwinning. He converted the Southern Picts and therefore journeyed through many areas in southern Scotland. Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
Tower[edit] The Isle's most familiar landmark is the square, white tower that has been a navigational aid for hundreds of years.[9] From here there are views of the Kirkcudbright coast, the whole of the northern range of the English Lake District
Lake District
mountains, and to the south the rounded, mountainous form of the Isle of Man. During the Second World War
Second World War
it was the site of a tracking station for anti-aircraft gunnery practice. The set up was that an aircraft flew up and down in front of the guns, which would try to bring it down. Initially, radio-controlled 'Queen Bee' aircraft were used, and the flat concrete foundation by the white tower on the cairn, now the location of the Solway Harvester
Solway Harvester
memorial stone, was laid down for one of the control huts.[10] The memorial stone to the Solway Harvester
Solway Harvester
is in the form of an anchor set in a granite block.

Isle Head[edit] This promontory is nearly bisected by Chapel Port east and west. The artificial ditch of the Old Fort is still clearly visible on the approach to Isle Head. There is a multivallate promontory fort on Isle Head consisting of 3 ramparts and 2 ditches with a probable 4th rampart now reduced to a slight scarp. On the seaward side of the promontory are intermittent stretches of rubble linking and utilising natural outcrops of rock and in the south-east corner inner and outer faces, indicating the footings of a wall up to 3 yards wide. On the levelled summit area are slight indications of rubble walling and artificial scarping on the south and east sides and in the north-east corner are the possible remains of a hut circle.[11] A small block of rig is clearly visible on Isle Head, lying between the path leading to the promontory and the ramparts and ditch of the Iron Age
Iron Age
fort. The furrows, are orientated from NE to SW across the promontory.[11] A witness cairn was erected in 1997 to commemorate the arrival of the Christian missionary St. Ninian to these shores and pilgrims are encouraged to place stones with personal messages onto a rock cairn. These cairns are sited in the remains of a building used to house the Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
lifeboat. The lifeboat building had a roof until well after the Second World War although the station was closed in 1919, when a motor lifeboat was placed on station at Kirkcudbright. The Lifeboat Station was set up in 1869. During the 50 years that the lifeboat station was operating there were three lifeboats: Charlie Peake (1869–1886), 7 launches and 10 lives saved. Henry and John Leighton (1886–1901), 12 launches and 22 lives saved. George and Margaret (1901–1919), six launches and six lives saved. The Solway Harvester
Solway Harvester
Seat is a granite-hewn and is one of two local tributes to the seven-strong local crew of the fishing boat Solway Harvester
Solway Harvester
which sank in a storm off the Isle of Man in January 2000. The harbour[edit]

The Drummulin Burn and Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
harbour

The harbour remains the main focal point of the village. The Isle's own fleet is engaged in light trawling and lobster fishing. A number of leisure craft are kept here and the Isle is increasingly being used as a stopping off location for pleasure traffic plying the west coast, and as a launching site for trailer based craft such as small angling boats and diving RIB's.[10] A pier was first erected in the 16th century, but a more substantial structure was erected in 1790 to advance commerce, such as the trade with Whitehaven
Whitehaven
and other English ports.[12] In 1969 the pier was badly damaged by storm and was only rebuilt after a prolonged campaign by local people. The perch is a reef of rock that runs out from the west side of the mouth of the Isle bay; it can be a hazard to craft coming into the Isle and for many years the end was marked with an iron pole. In the 19th century the Isle also had strong trade links with Ireland and the Isle of Man, and ships were being built as well as sailed from here. The Countess of Galloway, the steam packet once regularly sailed from here to Liverpool. By the end of the 20th century trading vessels had given way almost entirely to yachts and other leisure craft. The Wigtown
Wigtown
Bay Sailing Club welcomes all visiting yachtsmen whether they arrive by sea or by land with trailered boats. The clubhouse is situated on the harbour and has all the usual facilities. The harbour dries 3 hours either side of high water, and there is a dedicated visitors' berth at the outer end of the quay. There are also two slipways for launching trailer boats or dinghies, one of which is at the inner end of the quay and is sheltered in all weathers. The other, which gives access into the bay, can be used at virtually any state of the tide. The club is active throughout the summer with dinghy or cruiser races organised for most weekends and some races mid-week.[10] An unusual feature of the harbour was a fish trap; a wall or dyke running across part of the upper portion of the inlet which trapped fish as the tide went out.[1] This was still marked as late as the 1850s on the OS map.

The Wicker Man[edit] Various scenes from the 1973 film The Wicker Man were filmed in and around the Isle of Whithorn. The co-owner of the Isle of Whithorn castle, Elizabeth McAdam Laughland, plus several other local people featured in various scenes. See also[edit]

List of castles in Scotland

References[edit]

^ a b "Isle of Whithorn", Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland ^ "Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
War Memorial", Roll of Honour ^ Moffat, Alistair (2014). Faded Map. The Lost Kingdoms of Scotland. Edinburgh : Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-958-9. P. 28. ^ Moffat, Alistair (2014). Faded Map. The Lost Kingdoms of Scotland. Edinburgh : Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-958-9. P. 54. ^ Marshall. Michael. "About the Isle of Whithorn", Isle of Whithorn ^ MacGibbon, T. and Ross, D. (1887–92). The castellated and domestic architecture of Scotland
Scotland
from the 12th to the 18th centuries, 5v, Edinburgh. p. 354–356. ^ Gothic Porch photograph ^ "St. Ninian's Chapel", Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland ^ "The Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
Harbour Light", Amateur Radio Lighthouse Society ^ a b c Isle of Whithorn ^ a b "Isle Head", Royal Commission on the Ancient and Historical Monuments of Scotland ^ Groome, Francis (1903). Ordnance Gazetteer of Scotland. London : Caxton Publishing. p. 888.

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Isle of Whithorn.

Isle of Whithorn
Whithorn
Information. Francis Frith photographs. Gazetteer for Scotland. Har

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