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* v * t * e
Part of a series on
Islamizations LATE ANTIQUITY - MIDDLE AGES - MODERN
* Spread of
Islamic missionary activity
Islamization of Palestine
Islamization of Jerusalem
Islamization of the Temple Mount
Islamization of Syria
Islamization of Egypt
Islamization of Iran
Islamicisation and Turkicisation of Xinjiang
Islamization of Bosnia and Herzegovina
Islamization of the Sudan region
* v * t * e
ISLAMIZATION (also spelled ISLAMISATION, see spelling differences ;
Arabic : أسلمة aslamah), ISLAMICIZATION or ISLAMIFICATION
(pejorative MUHAMMADIZATION) is the process of a society's shift
towards Islam, such as found in Sudan ,
The English synonyms , muslimization and arabization , in use since before 1940 (e.g., Waverly Illustrated Dictionary) convey a similar meaning. MUSLIMIZATION has recently been used as a term coined to describe the overtly Muslim practices of new converts to the religion who wish to reinforce their newly acquired religious identity.
* 1 History
* 2 Modern day (1970s to present)
* 3 See also
* 3.1 By area * 3.2 By method
* 4 References * 5 Further reading * 6 External links
MODERN DAY (1970S TO PRESENT)
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Another development is that of transnational
Islam , elaborated upon
by the French
The increased integration of world societies as a result of enhanced communications, media, travel, and migration makes meaningful the concept of a single Islam practiced everywhere in similar ways, and an Islam which transcends national and ethnic customs.
This does not necessarily imply political or social organizations:
Global Muslim identity does not necessarily or even usually imply organized group action. Even though Muslims recognize a global affiliation, the real heart of Muslim religious life remains outside politics—in local associations for worship, discussion, mutual aid, education, charity, and other communal activities.
A third development is the growth and elaboration of transnational
military organizations. The 1980s and 90s, with several major
conflicts in the
ZIA-UL-HAQ\'S ISLAMIZATION OF PAKISTAN
Main article: Zia-ul-Haq\'s
On December 2, 1978, General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq delivered a nationwide address on the occasion of the first day of the Hijra calendar. He did this in order to usher in an Islamic system to Pakistan. In the speech, he accused politicians of exploiting the name of Islam, saying that "many a ruler did what they pleased in the name of Islam."
After assuming power the task that the government set to was its
public commitment to enforce Nizam-e-Mustafa (Islamic System) a 180
degree turn from Pakistan's predominantly Common Law. As a preliminary
measure to establish an Islamic society in Pakistan, General Zia
announced the establishment of
But General Zia did not mention that the
ISLAMIC REVOLUTION OF IRAN
Main article: Islamic Revolution of Iran
ISLAMIZATION OF THE GAZA STRIP
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Main article: Islamization of the Gaza Strip
The influence of Islamic groups in the Gaza Strip has grown since the 1980s, especially as poverty has risen and fighting with Israel began in 2000. The efforts to impose Islamic law and traditions continued when Hamas forcefully seized control of the area in June 2007 and displaced security forces loyal to the secular President Mahmoud Abbas . After the civil war ended, Hamas declared the "end of secularism and heresy in the Gaza Strip." For the first time since the Sudanese coup of 1989 that brought Omar al-Bashir to power, a Muslim Brotherhood group ruled a significant geographic territory. Gaza human rights groups accuse Hamas of restricting many freedoms in the course of these attempts.
While Ismael Haniyeh officially denied accusations that Hamas intended to establish an Islamic emirate, Jonathan Schanzer wrote that in the two years following the 2007 coup, the Gaza Strip has exhibited the characteristics of Talibanization , a process whereby the Islamist organization imposes strict rules on women, discourages or punishes activities commonly associated with Western or Christian culture, oppresses non-Muslim minorities, imposes their own interpretation of sharia law, and deploys religious police to enforce these laws.
According to Human Rights Watch , the Hamas-controlled government of Gaza stepped up its efforts to "Islamize" Gaza in 2010, efforts that included the "repression" of civil society and "severe violations of personal freedom." Arab-Israeli journalist Khaled Abu Toameh wrote in 2009 that " Hamas is gradually turning the Gaza Strip into a Taliban -style Islamic entity." According to Mkhaimar Abusada, a political science professor at Gaza’s al-Azhar University , "Ruling by itself, Hamas can stamp its ideas on everyone (...) Islamizing society has always been part of Hamas strategy."
* All pages with a title containing
* ^ "Islamicization". The Free Dictionary.
* ^ Kennedy, Charles (1996). "Introduction".