Irish Music is music that has been created in various genres on the
island of Ireland.
The indigenous music of the island is termed Irish traditional music.
It has remained vibrant through the 20th and into the 21st century,
despite globalising cultural forces. In spite of emigration and a
well-developed connection to music influences from Britain and the
Irish traditional music
Irish traditional music has kept many of its elements
and has itself influenced many forms of music, such as country and
roots music in the United States, which in turn have had some
influence on modern rock music. It has occasionally been fused with
rock and roll, punk and rock and other genres. Some of these fusion
artists have attained mainstream success, at home and abroad.
In art music,
Ireland has a history reaching back to Gregorian chants
in the Middle Ages, choral and harp music of the Renaissance, court
music of the Baroque and early Classical period, as well as many
Romantic, late Romantic and twentieth-century modernist music. It is
still a vibrant genre with many composers and ensembles writing and
performing avant-garde art music in the classical tradition.
On a smaller scale,
Ireland has also produced many jazz musicians of
note, particularly after the 1950s.
1 Early Irish music
1.1 Modern interpretation
2 Early Irish musicians abroad
3 Early Modern times
4 Traditional music
5 Classical music in Ireland
5.1 Composers of note
5.2 Performers of note
6 Popular music
6.1 Early popular performers
6.2 Showbands in Ireland
6.3 Country and Irish
7 Top 5 biggest selling Irish acts of all time
8 Top 5 'most standout' Irish acts of all time
9 See also
12 External links
Early Irish music
A 16th century Irish Warpipe player
By the High and Late Medieval Era, the
Irish annals were listing
native musicians, such as the following:
921BC: Cú Congalta, priest of Lann-Leire, the Tethra (i. e. the
singer or orator) for voice, personal form and knowledge, died.
1011: Connmhach Ua Tomhrair, priest and chief singer of
1168: Amhlaeibh Mac Innaighneorach, chief ollamh of
1226: Aed mac Donn Ó Sochlachain, erenagh of Cong, a man eminent for
chanting and for the right tuning of harps and for having made an
instrument for himself which none had made before, distinguished also
in every art such as poetry, engraving and writing and in every
skilled occupation, died.
1269: Aed Ó Finn, master of music and minstrelsy, died.
1329: Maol Ruanaidh Cam Ó Cearbhaill, tiompanist, murdered during the
Braganstown Massacre in County Louth.
1330: Mael Sechlainn Mac Carmaic, a general entertainer, died.
1343: Donnchad Clereach Ó Maol Braonáin, a choral canon of Elphin,
was killed by an arrow.
1357: Donn Shléibhe Mac Cerbaill, an accomplished musician ... died.
1360: Gilla na Naem Ó Conmaigh, music ollamh of
Thomond ... died.
1361. Magraith Ó Fionnachta, Chief Musician and Tiompanist to the
Síol Muireadaigh, died.
1364: Bran Ó Brain, a skilful tympanist ... died.
1369: John Mac Egan, and Gilbert Ó Bardan, two accomplished young
harpers of Conmaicne, died.
1469: Ruaidrí mac Donnchad Ó Dálaigh, the most musical-handed
harpist in all Ireland.
1490: Diarmait MacCairbre, harper, was executed.
1553: Tadhg, son of Ruaidhri Ó Comhdhain, i.e. the ollamh of Éire
Alba in music, died.
1561: Naisse mac Cithruadh, drowned on Lough Gill.
1589. Daighre Ó Duibhgeannáin, a most affable, musical man, died.
Irish poetry and song has been translated into modern Irish and
English by notable Irish poets, song collectors and musicians. The
6th century hymn Rop tú mo baile by
Dallán Forgaill for example, was
published in 1905 in English by Mary Elizabeth Byrne, and is widely
known as Be Thou My Vision. The Blackbird of Belfast Lough (Old Irish:
Int én bec; Irish: An t-éan beag) has been notably translated by
poets such as Seamus Heaney,
Ciaran Carson and Frank O'Connor. Notable
recordings of modern interpretations of early
Irish music include
Pádraigín Ní Uallacháin's Songs of the Scribe, various music
albums by choral group Anúna, and the recordings of Caitríona
O'Leary with Dúlra and the eX Ensemble.
Early Irish musicians abroad
Some musicians were acclaimed in places beyond Ireland. Cú Chuimne
(died 747) lived much of his adult life in Gaelic Scotland, and
composed at least one hymn. Foillan, who was alive in the seventh
century, travelled through much of Britain and France; around 653 at
the request of St. Gertrude of Brabant, taught psalmody to her nuns at
Tuotilo (c.850–c. 915), who lived in Italy and Germany,
was noted both as a musician and a composer.
Helias of Cologne (died 1040), is held to be the first to introduce
Roman chant to Cologne. His contemporary,
Aaron Scotus (died 18
November 1052) was an acclaimed composer of
Gregorian chant in
Donell Dubh Ó Cathail (c. 1560s-c.1660), was not only musician of
Viscount Buttevant, but, with his uncle Donell Óge Ó Cathail, harper
to Elizabeth I.
Early Modern times
Give Me Your Hand
Instrumental featuring viola da gamba and recorder, performed by
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Up to the seventeenth century, harp musicians were patronised by the
aristocracy in Ireland. This tradition died out in the eighteenth
century with the collapse of Gaelic Ireland. Turlough Carolan
(1670–1738) is the best known of those harpists, and over 200
of his compositions are known. Some of his pieces use elements of
contemporary baroque music, but his music has entered the tradition
and is played by many folk musicians today.
Edward Bunting collected
some of the last-known Irish harp tunes at the Belfast Harp Festival
in 1792. Other important collectors of
Irish music include Francis
O'Neill and George Petrie.
Other notable Irish musicians of this era included Cearbhall Óg Ó
Dálaigh (fl. c. 1630);
Piaras Feiritéar (1600?–1653); William
Connellan (fl. mid-17th century) and his brother,
Thomas Connellan (c.
Dominic Ó Mongain (alive 18th century);
Donnchadh Ó Hámsaigh (1695–1807); poet and songwriter Eoghan Rua
Ó Súilleabháin (1748–1782); Arthur O'Neill (fl. 1792); Patrick
Byrne (c.1794–1863); world-renowned piper
Tarlach Mac Suibhne
Tarlach Mac Suibhne (c.
1831–1916); poet and songwriter
Colm de Bhailís (1796–1906).
Main article: Folk music of Ireland
A traditional music session, known in Irish as a seisiún.
Irish traditional music
Irish traditional music includes many kinds of songs, including
drinking songs, ballads and laments, sung unaccompanied or with
accompaniment by a variety of instruments. Traditional dance music
includes reels (4/4), hornpipes and jigs (the common double jig is in
6/8 time). The polka arrived at the start of the nineteenth
century, spread by itinerant dancing masters and mercenary soldiers,
returning from Europe.
Set dancing may have arrived in the
eighteenth century. Later imported dance-signatures include the
mazurka and the highlands (a sort of Irished version of the Scottish
strathspey). In the nineteenth century folk instruments would have
included the flute the fiddle and the uilleann pipes.
A revival of
Irish traditional music
Irish traditional music took place around the turn of the
20th century. The button accordion and the concertina were becoming
Irish stepdance was performed at céilís, organised
competitions and at some country houses where local and itinerant
musicians were welcome. Irish dancing was supported by the
educational system and patriotic organisations. An older style of
singing called sean-nós ("in the old style"), which is a form of
traditional Irish singing was still found, mainly for very poetic
songs in the Irish language.
From 1820 to 1920 over 4,400,000 Irish emigrated to the USA, creating
Irish diaspora in Chicago (see Francis O'Neill), Boston, New York
and other cities. Irish musicians who were successful in the USA
made recordings which found their way around the world and
re-invigorated musical styles back in the homeland. For example,
American-based fiddlers like Michael Coleman, James Morrison and Paddy
Killoran did much to popularise
Irish music in the 1920s and 1930s.
After a lull in the 1940s and 1950s, when (except for
traditional music was at a low ebb, Seán Ó Riada's Ceoltóirí
Chualann, The Chieftains,
The Clancy Brothers
The Clancy Brothers and Tommy Makem, The
Irish Rovers, The Dubliners,
Ryan's Fancy and
Sweeney's Men were in
large part responsible for a second wave of revitalisation of Irish
folk music in the 1960s. Several of these were featured in the 2010 TV
movie "My Music: When Irish Eyes are Smiling". Sean O'Riada in
particular was singled out as a force who did much to save Irish music
from disappearing through programming on Radio Éireann in the late
1940s through the 1960s. During this time he worked to promote and
encourage the performing of traditional Irish music, and his work as a
promoter of music and performer led directly to the formation of the
Chieftains. His work inspired the likes of Planxty,
The Bothy Band and
Clannad in the 70s. Later came such bands as Stockton's Wing, De
Dannan, Altan, Arcady,
Dervish and Patrick Street, along with a wealth
of individual performers.
More and more people play
Irish music and many new bands emerge every
year Téada, Gráda, The Bonny Men, Caladh Nua, Cran, Dervish, Lúnasa
being some (to name a few).
Classical music in Ireland
John Field, one of Ireland's foremost classical composers.
There is evidence of music in the "classical" tradition since the
early 15th century when a polyphonic choir was established at Christ
Church Cathedral, Dublin, and "city musicians" were employed in the
major cities and towns, who performed on festive occasions. In the
18th century, Dublin was known as the "Second City" of the British
Isles, with an active musical life culminating in, among other events,
the first performance of Handel's famous oratorio Messiah. The Ballad
Opera trend, caused by the success of the Beggar's Opera, has left
noticeable traces in Ireland, with many works that influenced the
genre in England and on the continent, by musicians such as Charles
Coffey and Kane O'Hara.
Composers of note
Apart from the harper-composers of the 16th century, composers in the
16th and 17th century usually came from a Protestant Anglo-Irish
background, as due to the discrimination of Catholics no formal
musical education was available to them. Composers were often
associated with either
Dublin Castle or one of the Dublin cathedrals
(St Patrick's and Christ Church). These include immigrants such as
Johann Sigismund Cousser, Matthew Dubourg, and Tommaso Giordani.
Thomas Roseingrave and his brother Ralph were prominent Irish baroque
composers. Among the next generation of composers were the Cork-born
Philip Cogan (1750–1833), a prominent composer of piano music
John Andrew Stevenson
John Andrew Stevenson (1761–1833), who is best
known for his publications of Irish Melodies with poet Thomas Moore,
who also wrote operas, religious music, catches, glees, odes, and
songs. In the early 19th century Irish-born composers dominated
English-language opera in England and Ireland, including Charles
Thomas Carter (c.1735–1804), Michael Kelly (1762–1826), Thomas
Simpson Cooke (1782–1848),
William Henry Kearns (1794–1846),
Joseph Augustine Wade (1801–1845) and, later in the century, Michael
W. Balfe (1808–1870) and
William Vincent Wallace
William Vincent Wallace (1812–1865). John
Field (1782–1837) has been credited with the creation of the
Nocturne form, which influenced Frédéric Chopin. John William Glover
(1815–1899), Joseph Robinson (1815–1898) and Robert Prescott
Stewart (1825–1894) kept Irish classical music in Dublin alive in
the 19th century, while mid-19th-century emigrants include George
William Torrance and George Alexander Osborne. Charles Villiers
Stanford (1852–1924) and
Hamilton Harty (1879–1941) were among the
last emigrants in Irish music, combining a late romantic musical
language with Irish folklorism. Their contemporary in
Ireland was the
Michele Esposito (1855–1929), a figure of seminal
Irish music who arrived in
Ireland in 1882. The years
after Irish independence were a difficult period in which composers
tried to find an identifiable Irish voice in an anti-British climate,
which included ressentiments against classical music as such. The
development of Irish broadcasting in the 1920s and the gradual
enlargement of the Radio Éireann Orchestra in the late 1930s improved
the situation. Important composers in these years were John F. Larchet
Ina Boyle (1889–1967),
Arthur Duff (1899–1956),
Aloys Fleischmann (1910–1992), Frederick May (1911–1985), Joan
Trimble (1915–2000), and
Brian Boydell (1917–2000). The middle
decades of the 20th century were also shaped by A.J. Potter
Gerard Victory (1921–1995), James Wilson
Seán Ó Riada
Seán Ó Riada (1931–1971), John Kinsella (b. 1932),
Seóirse Bodley (b. 1933). Prominent names among the older
generation of living composers in
Ireland today are
Frank Corcoran (b.
1944), Eric Sweeney (b. 1948), John Buckley (b. 1951), Gerald Barry
Raymond Deane (b. 1953), Patrick Cassidy (b. 1956), and
Fergus Johnston (b. 1959) (see also List of Irish classical
Performers of note
Performers of note in classical music include Catherine Hayes
(1818–1861), Ireland's first great international prima donna and the
first Irish woman to perform at La Scala in Milan; tenor Barton
McGuckin (1852–1913), a much-demanded singer in the late 19th
Joseph O'Mara (1864–1927), a very prominent singer
around the turn of the century; tenor John McCormack (1884–1945),
the most celebrated tenor of his day; opera singer Margaret
Burke-Sheridan (1889–1958); pianist Charles Lynch (1906–1984);
Josef Locke (1917–1999) achieved global success and was the
subject of the 1991 film Hear My Song; the concert flautist Sir James
Galway and pianist Barry Douglas. Douglas achieved fame in 1986 by
International Tchaikovsky Competition
International Tchaikovsky Competition gold medal.
Bernadette Greevy and
Ann Murray have also had success
Choral music has been practiced in
Ireland for centuries, initially at
the larger churches such as Christ Church Cathedral, St Patrick's
Cathedral, and St Mary's Pro-Cathedral, as well as the University of
Choral Society (founded in 1837).
In the early 1990s, Anúna, known for their contribution to
Riverdance, contributed significantly to popularising choral music.
They have also been nominated for a Classical Brit Award in the UK and
were invited to give the first ever Irish Prom at the
BBC Proms series
Royal Albert Hall
Royal Albert Hall in 1999. In 2012 they featured as the voices
of Hell in the video game Diablo III.
The Chamber Choir Ireland, formerly National Chamber Choir of Ireland,
is principally funded by the Arts Council of Ireland. Their artistic
director is Paul Hillier. The choir has produced a number of CDs
with international (including Irish) repertoire. There are many
semi-professional choirs in
Ireland at local level, too. Many perform
and compete at the annual Cork International
Choral Festival (since
Ireland has never had a purpose-built opera house (the Cork
Opera House is a multi-purpose theatre), opera has been performed in
Ireland since the 17th century. In the 18th century,
Ireland was a
centre for ballad opera and created important works that helped to
develop the genre in the direction of operetta, with works by Charles
Coffey and Kane O'Hara. Nationally identifiable Irish operas have been
written by immigrants such as
Tommaso Giordani and Johann Bernhard
Logier as well as by native composers such as John Andrew Stevenson
and Thomas Simpson Cooke, continued in the 19th century with works by
John William Glover and Paul McSwiney.
Michael William Balfe
Michael William Balfe and
Vincent Wallace were the most prominent representatives of
mid-19th-century English-language operas.
The Celtic Renaissance after 1900 created works such as Muirgheis
(1903) by Thomas O'Brien Butler, Connla of the Golden Hair (1903) by
William Harvey Pélissier, Eithne (1909) by Robert O'Dwyer, and The
Tinker and the Fairy (1910) by Michele Esposito.
Muirgheis and Eithne
have librettos in Irish, as have a number of 1940s and '50s works by
Éamonn Ó Gallchobhair. Most of the Irish operas written since the
1960s have a contemporary international outlook, with important works
by Gerard Victory, James Wilson, Raymond Deane, Gerald Barry, and a
number of young composers since the turn of the century.
More recent years have seen renewed attempts to revive the
Irish-language tradition in opera. A brother-sister team previewed
sections of the opera Clann Tuireann publicly, and musician John
Spillane has told the
Evening Echo that he is working on a new Gaelic
opera to be titled Legends of the Lough.
Enya fused traditional Irish elements with
New Age to create a unique
sound which has made her Ireland's second biggest-selling act of all
Early popular performers
Performers of popular music began appearing as early as the late
Delia Murphy popularised Irish folk songs that she recorded for
HMV in 1949;
Margaret Barry is also credited with bringing traditional
songs to the fore; Donegal's
Bridie Gallagher shot to fame in 1956 and
is considered 'Ireland's first international pop star';
Ruby Murray achieved unprecedented chart success
in the UK in the mid-1950s; Dublin native
Carmel Quinn emigrated to
the US and became a regular singer on Arthur Godfrey's Talent Scouts
and appeared frequently on other TV variety shows in the 1950s and
The Bachelors were an all-male harmony group from Dublin who had
hits in the UK, Europe, US, Australia and Russia;
Mary O'Hara was a
soprano and harpist who was successful on both sides of the Atlantic
in the 1950s and early 1960s; Waterford crooner
Val Doonican had a
string of UK hits and presented his own TV show on the BBC from 1965
Showbands in Ireland
Main article: Irish showband
Irish Showbands were a major force in Irish popular music,
particularly in rural areas, for twenty years from the mid-1950s. The
showband played in dance halls and was loosely based on the six or
Dixieland dance band. The basic showband repertoire
included standard dance numbers, cover versions of pop music hits,
ranging from rock and roll, country and western to jazz standards. Key
to the showband's success was the ability to learn and perform songs
currently in the record charts. They sometimes played Irish
Céilidh music and a few included self-composed
Country and Irish
Main article: Country and Irish
With the rise in popularity of American country music, a new subgenre
Ireland known as 'Country and Irish'. It was formed by
Country music with Irish influences, incorporating
Irish folk music. This often resulted in traditional Irish songs being
sung in a country music style. It is especially popular in the rural
Midlands and North-West of the country. It also remains popular among
Irish emigrants in Great Britain.
Big Tom and The Mainliners were the
first major contenders in this genre, having crossed over from the
showband era of the 1960s. Other major artists were Philomena Begley
and Margo, the latter even being bestowed the unofficial title of
Queen of Country & Irish. The most successful performer in
the genre today is Daniel O'Donnell, who has garnered success in the
UK, US and Australia. O'Donnell's frequent singing partner Mary
Duff has also had success in this genre and most recently County
Carlow native Derek Ryan has enjoyed Irish chart hits doing this type
Traditional music played a part in Irish popular music later in the
century, with Clannad, Van Morrison,
Hothouse Flowers and Sinéad
O'Connor using traditional elements in popular songs.
international success with New Age/Celtic fusions. The Afro-Celt Sound
System achieved fame adding West African influences and electronic
dance rhythms in the 1990s while bands such as
Kíla fuse traditional
Irish with rock and world music representing the Irish tradition at
world music festivals across Europe and America. The most notable
fusion band in
Ireland was Horslips, who combined Irish themes and
music with heavy rock. The
Shamrock Wings is a Colombian band that
Irish music with Caribbean rhythms.
Riverdance is a musical and dancing interval act which originally
Michael Flatley and
Jean Butler and featuring the choir
Anúna. It was performed during the Eurovision Song Contest 1994.
Popular reaction to the act was so immense that an entire musical
revue was built around the act.
Main article: Irish rock
The 1960s saw the emergence of major
Irish rock bands and artists,
such as Them, Van Morrison, Emmet Spiceland, Eire Apparent, Skid Row,
Taste, Rory Gallagher, Dr. Strangely Strange, Thin Lizzy, Gary Moore,
Thin Lizzy in concert, 1981
In 1970 Dana put
Ireland on the pop music map by winning the
Eurovision Song Contest with her song All Kinds of Everything. She
went to number one in the UK and all over Europe and paved the way for
many Irish artists.
Gilbert O'Sullivan went to the top of the charts
on both sides of the Atlantic in 1972 with a string of hits, and the
all-sister line-up of
The Nolans gained international chart success in
the late 1970s.
Chris de Burgh
Chris de Burgh achieved international acclaim with
his 1986 hit "Lady in Red".
Groups who formed during the emergence of
Punk rock in the mid-late
1970s included U2, Virgin Prunes, The Boomtown Rats, The Undertones,
Aslan, Gavin Friday, and Stiff Little Fingers. Later in the 80s and
into the 90s, Irish punk fractured into new styles of alternative
rock, which included That Petrol Emotion, In Tua Nua, Fatima Mansions,
My Bloody Valentine and Ash. In the 1990s, pop bands like The
Corrs, B*Witched, Boyzone,
The Cranberries emerged. In
the same decade,
Ireland also contributed a subgenre of folk metal
Celtic metal with exponents of the genre including Cruachan,
Primordial, Geasa, and Waylander. Bands like Moxielead the wave of
Irish music in the new millennium with fluidity,
cross-pollination, and innovation.
In recent decades
Irish music in many different genres has been very
successful internationally. However, the most successful genres have
been rock, popular and traditional fusion, with performers such as (in
alphabetical order): Altan, The Answer, Ash, Aslan, Axis Of,
B*Witched, Bell X1, Frances Black, Mary Black, The Blizzards, The
Bothy Band, Brendan Bowyer, Boyzone, Paul Brady, Chris de Burgh, Paddy
Casey, The Cast of Cheers, Celtic Thunder, Celtic Woman, The
Chieftains, The Clancy Brothers, Clannad, Codes, Rita Connolly, The
Coronas, The Corrs, Phil Coulter,
Nadine Coyle (of Girls Aloud), The
Peter Cunnah (of D:Ream), Dana, De Dannan, Cathy Davey,
Damien Dempsey, The Divine Comedy, Joe Dolan, Val Doonican, Ronnie
Drew, The Dubliners, Mary Duff, Duke Special, EDEN, Enya, Julie
Feeney, Fight Like Apes, Mick Flannery, The Frames, Bridie Gallagher,
Rory Gallagher, Lisa Hannigan,
Glen Hansard of The Frames, Gemma
Niall Horan (of One Direction), Horslips, The Hothouse Flowers,
Hozier, In Tua Nua, Andy Irvine, Laura Izibor, Jape, Jerry Fish &
The Mudbug Club,
Siva Kaneswaran (of The Wanted), Dolores Keane, Luke
Kelly, Keywest, Kíla, James Kilbane, Kodaline, Jack L, Johnny Logan,
Phil Lynott and Thin Lizzy, Tommy Makem, Imelda May,
Eleanor McEvoy, Christy Moore, Gary Moore, Van Morrison, Moving
Hearts, Samantha Mumba, Mundy, Roisin Murphy, Ruby Murray, My Bloody
Valentine, Declan Nerney, Maura O'Connell, Sinéad O'Connor, Daniel
O'Donnel, Annmarie O'Riordan, Declan O'Rourke, Gilbert O'Sullivan,
Picturehouse, Planxty, Carmel Quinn, Republic of Loose, Damien Rice,
The Riptide Movement, Dickie Rock, Derek Ryan, The Saw Doctors, The
Script, Sharon Shannon, Snow Patrol, Something Happens, Davy Spillane,
Stiff Little Fingers, Stockton's Wing, The Strypes, Yasha Swag,
Therapy?, The Thrills, The Undertones, The Wolfe Tones, Time Is A
Thief, Two Door Cinema Club, U2, VerseChorusVerse, Villagers,
Westlife, Bill Whelan, Finbar Wright, achieving success nationally and
Top 5 biggest selling Irish acts of all time
170 Million +
1976 – present (37 Years)
80 Million +
1986 – present (27 Years)
3. Van Morrison
55 Million +
1967 – present (46 Years)
4. The Cranberries
50 Million +
1990–2003, 2009 – present (17 Years)
5. The Corrs
1995 – 2006, 2015–present (11 Years)
Top 5 'most standout' Irish acts of all time
PRS for Music
PRS for Music conducted research to show which five Irish
musicians or bands the public considered to be the 'most standout'. U2
topped the list with sixty-eight percent while Westlife, Van
The Cranberries came in 2nd, 3rd, 4th and 5th,
respectively. The research also suggested that the 'top-five' had sold
over 341 million albums up to March 2010.
3. Van Morrison
5. The Cranberries
Irish traditional music
Irish traditional music session
List of Irish ballads
Irish rebel music
List of Irish musicians
List of All-
Irish music collectors
List of artists who reached number one in Ireland
List of songs that reached number one on the Irish Dance Chart
List of songs that reached number one on the Irish Singles Chart
One Hit Wonders in Ireland
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Gaelic Ireland / Lordship of Ireland
Kingdom of Ireland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland
Irish Free State
Irish Free State (1922–1937)
Ireland (since 1922)
Battles of Tara / Glenmama / Clontarf
Flight of the Earls
Plantation of Ulster
1641 Rebellion / Confederate War
Cromwellian conquest / Settlement of 1652
First Great Famine
Act of Union (1800)
Second Great Famine
Home Rule crisis
War of Independence
IRA Northern Campaign
IRA Border Campaign
Economy of the Republic of Ireland
Post-2008 Irish economic downturn
Post-2008 Irish banking crisis
List of conflicts in Ireland
List of Irish tribes
List of Irish kingdoms
List of High Kings
Gaelic clothing and fashion
List of World Heritage Sites in the Republic of Ireland
List of national parks of the Republic of Ireland / in Northern
Tallest buildings and structures
Demographics of the Republic of Ireland / of Northern Ireland
Republic of Ireland
Dáil Éireann (lower house)
Seanad Éireann (upper house)
List of dishes
Skirts and kidneys
Saint Patrick's Day
Rose of Tralee
Samhain / Halloween
Tuatha Dé Danann
List of Irish people
County coats of arms
Ireland flags issue
National coat of arms
Place names in Ireland / outside Ireland
Prostitution (Republic) / in Northern Ireland
Public holidays in the Republic of Ireland / in Northern Ireland
Music of Europe
Bosnia and Herzegovina
States with limited
Isle of Man
Sean-nós dance (in the United States)
2 and 4
Single and double jig
Haste to the Wedding
South Galway Set
Clare Lancers Set
An Coimisiún Le Rincí Gaelacha
Conradh na Gaeilge
An Comhdháil na Múinteoirí le Rincí Gaelacha
World Irish Dance Association
Comhaltas Ceoltóirí Éireann
Oireachtas Rince na Cruinne
Shows and groups
Lord of the Dance
Dancing on Dangerous Ground
Feet of Flames
The Keltic Dreams
Breandán de Gallaí
Public Dance Halls Act 1935
Jig (2011 film)
Folk music of Ireland
Music of Ireland
Traditional Irish singing
2 and 4
Single and Double Jigs
Hop and Slip jigs
Marches and Airs which exist in various meters.
Cape Breton fiddling
Folk music of England
Folk music of Scotland