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Iranian religions are religions which originated in Greater Iran.

Contents

1 Antiquity 2 Medieval period 3 Modern 4 See also 5 References 6 Bibliography 7 External links

Antiquity[edit]

Proto-Indo-Iranian religion
Proto-Indo-Iranian religion
or Proto-Iranic religion:[1] The various beliefs and practices from which the later indigenous religion of the Iranian peoples
Iranian peoples
evolved. This religion also influenced the development of the Indian religions. Zoroastrianism: The present-day umbrella term for the indigenous native beliefs and practices of the Iranian peoples. While present-day Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
is monolithic, a continuation of the elite form of Sassanid times, in antiquity it had several variants or denominations, differing slightly by location, ethnic affiliation and historical period. It once had large population and high diversity. Zurvanism: By late Achaemenid times, Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
was also evident as Zurvanism (Zurvanite Zoroastrianism), a monist dualism that had a following as late as the Sassanid era. Mandaeism: A gnostic monotheism of (at the latest) the 1st century CE observed Mandā d-Heyyi - "Knowledge of Life". Mandaean theology is based more on a common heritage than on any set of religious creeds and doctrines. Mithraism: A mystery religion centred around the proto-zoroastrian Persian god Mithras that was practised in the Roman Empire from about the 1st to the 4th century CE Manichaeism: 3rd century ditheistic gnosticism that may have been influenced by Mandaeism. Manichaens believed in a "Father of Greatness" (Aramaic: Abbā dəRabbūṯā, Persian: pīd ī wuzurgīh) and observed Him to be the highest deity (of light). Mazdakism: A late 5th/early 6th century proto-socialist gnosticism that sought to do away with private property.

Medieval period[edit] Some religionists made syncretic teachings of Islam
Islam
and local Zoroastrianism.[2]

The early Islamic period saw the development of Persian mysticism, a traditional interpretation of existence, life and love with Perso-Islamic Sufi monotheism as its practical aspect. This development believed in a direct perception of spiritual truth (God), through mystic practices based on divine love. Khurramites, a 9th-century religious and political movement based on the 8th century teachings of Sunpadh, who preached a syncretism of Shia Islam
Islam
and Zoroastrianism. Under Babak Khorramdin, the movement sought the redistribution of private wealth and the abolition of Islam. Behafaridians, an 8th-century cult movement around the prophet Behafarid. Although the movement is considered to have its roots in Zoroastrianism, Behafarid
Behafarid
and his followers were executed on charges (made by Zoroastrians) of harm to both Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
and Islam. Yarsan, a religious order of Yazdanism, which is believed to have been founded in the 16th century. Yazdanism
Yazdanism
promulgated the belief in a God manifest as one primary and five secondary avatars to form with God the Holy Seven.

Modern[edit]

Ætsæg Din, revival of Ossetian ethnic religion (see: Ossetian mythology) Roshanniya Movement, a set of monotheistic teachings of Pir Roshan which his people followed. Bábísm, a mid-19th century monotheistic religion founded by the Báb that was a predecessor of the Bahá'í Faith. Bahá'í Faith, an emerging monotheistic religion founded by Bahá'u'lláh, a 19th-century Persian exile.

See also[edit]

Iran
Iran
portal Religion
Religion
portal

Religion
Religion
of Iranian-Americans Dabestan-e Mazaheb

References[edit]

^ Relating Religion: Essays in the Study of Religion
Religion
by Jonathan Z. Smith ^ The Nativist Prophets of Early Islamic Iran: Rural Revolt and Local Zoroastrianism
Zoroastrianism
by Patricia Crone (review)

Bibliography[edit]

Alessandro Bausani, Religion
Religion
in Iran: From Zoroaster to Bahaullah, Bibliotheca Persica, 2000 Richard Foltz, Religions of Iran: From Prehistory to the Present, London: Oneworld, 2013.

External links[edit]

Media related to Iranian religions at Wikimedia Commons

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Religion

Major religious groups
Major religious groups
and religious denominations

Abrahamic

Judaism

Orthodox

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Christianity

Catholicism

Eastern Catholic Churches

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Protestantism

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Nontrinitarianism

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Nondenominational

Islam

Sunni

Hanafi Maliki Hanbali Shafi'i

Shia

Twelver Isma'ilism Zaidiyyah

Ahmadi Ibadi Non-denominational Quranism Zahirism Salafism

Wahhabism Ahl al-Hadith

Mahdavia European Islam Nation of Islam

Others

Bábism

Azáli Bábism Bahá'í Faith

Druze Mandaeism Rastafari Samaritanism

Dharmic

Hinduism

Vaishnavism Shaktism Shaivism Ayyavazhi Smartism Balinese

Buddhism

Mahayana

Chan

Zen Thiền Seon

Pure Land Nichiren Madhyamaka Tiantai

Theravada Vajrayana

Tibetan Shingon Newar Bon

Navayana

Others

Dravidian Jainism

Digambara Śvētāmbara

Sikhism Gurung shamanism Bon
Bon
Lamaism Kirant Mundhum

Persian

Manichaeism Yazdânism

Yazidism Ishikism Ali-Illahism Yarsanism

Zoroastrianism

European

Armenian Baltic

Dievturība Druwi Romuva

Caucasian Celtic

Druidry

Germanic Hellenism Italo-Roman Romanian Slavic

Uralic

Finnish Hungarian Uralic

Mari Mordvin Udmurt

Central and Northern Asian

Burkhanism Chuvash Manchu Mongolian Siberian Tengrism

East Asian

Benzhuism Bimoism Bon Cheondoism Confucianism Dongbaism Faism Hmongism Jeungsanism Luoism Meishanism Mileism Muism Neo-Confucianism Ryukyuan religion Shenism Shigongism Shinto Taoism Tenrikyo Wuism Yiguandao

Southeast Asian

Burmese Satsana Phi Malaysian Indonesian

Marapu Kaharingan Kebatinan

Philippine Vietnamese

Caodaism Đạo Mẫu Hoahaoism

African

Traditional

Akan Akamba Baluba Bantu Berber Bushongo Cushitic Dinka Efik Fon and Ewe Guanche Igbo Isoko Lotuko Lozi Lugbara Maasai Mbuti San Serer Tumbuka Waaq Yoruba Zulu

Diasporic

Candomblé Kumina Obeah Quimbanda Palo Santería Umbanda Vodou Voodoo Winti

Other groups

Bathouism Bongthingism Donyi-Polo Kiratism Sanamahism Sarnaism Aboriginal Australian Native American Mesoamerican Hawaiian Polynesian

Recent

Discordianism Eckankar Jediism New Age New Thought Pastafarianism Raëlism Satanism Scientology Thelema Unitarian Universalism Wicca

Historical religions

Prehistoric

Paleolithic

Near East

Arabian Egyptian Mesopotamian Semitic

Canaanite Yahwism

Indo-European

Asia

Proto-Indo-Iranian Armenian Ossetian Vedic Zoroastrianism

Mithraism Zurvanism

Gnosticism

Manichaeism

Europe

Celtic Germanic

Anglo-Saxon Continental Norse

Greek

Gnosticism Neoplatonism

Manichaeism Balkan Roman Slavic

Topics

Aspects

Apostasy / Disaffiliation Behaviour Beliefs Clergy Conversion Deities Entheogens Ethnic religion Denomination Faith Fire Folk religion God Meditation Monasticism

monk nun

Mysticism Mythology Nature Ordination Orthodoxy Orthopraxy Prayer Prophesy Religious experience Ritual

liturgy sacrifice

Spirituality Supernatural Symbols Truth Water Worship

Theism

Animism Deism Dualism Henotheism Monotheism Nontheism Panentheism Pantheism Polytheism Transtheism

Religious studies

Anthropology Cognitive science Comparative Development Evolutionary origin Evolutionary psychology History Philosophy Neurotheology Psychology Sociology Theology Theories Women

Religion
Religion
and society

Agriculture Business Clergy

monasticism ordination

Conversion

evangelism missionary proselytism

Education Fanaticism Freedom

pluralism syncretism toleration universalism

Fundamentalism Growth Happiness Homosexuality Minorities National church National religiosity levels Religiocentrism Political science Populations Schism Science State Theocracy Vegetarianism Video games Violence

persecution terrorism war

Wealth

Secularism
Secularism
and irreligion

Antireligion Deism Agnosticism Atheism Criticism LaVeyan Satanism Deconstruction Humanistic Judaism Irreligion by country Objectivism Secular humanism Secular theology Secularization Separation of church and state Unaffiliated

Overviews and lists

Index Outline Timeline Abrahamic prophets Deification Deities Founders Mass gatherings New religious movements Organizations Religions and spiritual traditions Scholars

Category Portal

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Iranian peoples

Ethnic groups

Balochis Gilaks Kurds

Laks,Yazidi

Lurs

Bakhtiaris

Mazanderanis Ossetians

Jaszs

Pamiris

Tajiks
Tajiks
of Xinjiang

Pashtuns Persians Tajiks Talyshis Tats

Caucasus Iran

Wakhis Yaghnobis Zazas

Ancient peoples

Ancient Iranian peoples

Origin

Indo-Iranians

Languages

Iranian languages

Iranian religions

Ætsæg Din Bábism Khurramites Manichaeism Mazdakism Mazdaznan Yarsanism Yazdânism Yazid

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