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The International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF) is the governing body of world tennis, wheelchair tennis, and beach tennis. It was founded in 1913 as the International Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Federation by twelve national associations, and as of 2016, is affiliated with 211 national tennis associations and six regional associations. The ITF's governance responsibilities include maintaining and enforcing the rules of tennis, regulating international team competitions, promoting the game, and preserving the sport's integrity via anti-doping and anti-corruption programs. The ITF partners with the Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA) and the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP) to govern professional tennis. The ITF organizes annual team competitions for men (Davis Cup), women (Fed Cup), and mixed teams (Hopman Cup), as well as tennis and wheelchair tennis events at the Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games on behalf of the International Olympic Committee. The ITF sanctions the Grand Slam tennis tournaments as well as circuits which span age ranges (junior, professional men and women, and seniors) as well as disciplines (wheelchair tennis; beach tennis). In addition to these circuits, the ITF also maintains rankings for juniors, seniors, wheelchair and beach tennis.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Publications

2 Structure

2.1 National and Regional Associations 2.2 Board of Directors

3 Governance 4 Competitions

4.1 Team competitions

4.1.1 Davis Cup 4.1.2 Fed Cup 4.1.3 Hopman Cup 4.1.4 Olympics and Paralympics

4.2 Individual competitions

4.2.1 Grand slams 4.2.2 Professional circuit 4.2.3 Junior circuit 4.2.4 Seniors circuit 4.2.5 Wheelchair circuit 4.2.6 Beach tennis circuit

5 Awards and rankings

5.1 World champions 5.2 National rankings

6 Player rating and registration

6.1 ITN 6.2 IPIN

7 Fine of the Tunisian Tennis
Tennis
Federation 8 Fine of the Israel Tennis
Tennis
Association 9 See also 10 Notes 11 References 12 External links

History[edit] Duane Williams, an American who lived in Switzerland, is generally recognized as the initiator and driving force behind the foundation of the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. He died in the sinking of the RMS Titanic.[1][2] Originally called the International Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ILTF) it held its inaugural conference at the headquarters of the Union des Sociétés Françaises de Sports Athlétiques (USFSA), in Paris, France
France
on 1 March 1913 which was attended by 12 national associations. Three other countries could not attend but had requested to become a member.[a][3][4] Voting rights were divided based on the perceived importance of the individual countries with Great Britain's Lawn Tennis
Tennis
Association (LTA) receiving the maximum six votes.[2] The LTA was given the perpetual right to organize the World Grass Championships which led to a refusal by the United States
United States
Lawn Tennis Association (USLTA) to join the ILTF as they were of the opinion that this title should be given to the Davis Cup. France
France
received permission to stage the World Hard Court Championships until 1916 and additionally a World Covered Court Championships
World Covered Court Championships
was founded.[5] The USLTA joined in 1923 on the basis of two compromises: the title 'World Championships' would be abolished and wording would be 'for ever in the English language'.[2][6] The World Championships were replaced by a new category of Official Championships for the main tournaments in Australia, France, Great Britain and the United States; now known as the four Majors or Grand Slam events. In 1924, the ILTF became the officially recognised organisation with authority to control lawn tennis throughout the world, with official ILTF Rules of Tennis. In 1939 the ILTF had 59 member nations. Its funds were moved to London, England
England
during World War II and from that time onward the ITF has been run from there. It was based at Wimbledon until 1987, when it moved to Barons Court, next door to Queen's Club. It then moved again in 1998 to the Bank of England
England
Sports Ground, Roehampton, its current base of operations.[1] In 1977 the word 'Lawn' was dropped from the name of the organization, in recognition of the fact that most tennis events were no longer played on grass. Publications[edit] Its official annual is The ITF Year, describing the activities of the ITF over last 12 months. This replaced World of Tennis, which was the ITF official annual from 1981 through 2001. In addition it publishes an official magazine ITFWorld three times a year. Structure[edit]

Map of the world showing countries whose national tennis associations are ITF members. Colors indicate the six regional associations.

National and Regional Associations[edit] As of 2017, there are 211 national associations affiliated with the ITF, of which 148 are voting members and 63 are associate members.[7] The criteria for allocating votes (1, 3, 5, 7, 9, or 12) to each voting member are: performance in ITF team competitions; professional (ATP/WTA), junior, and wheelchair rankings of individuals; track record in organizing international tournaments; and contribution to ITF infrastructure. For example, France
France
garners 12 votes, Canada
Canada
has 9, Egypt
Egypt
has 5, Pakistan has 3, and Botswana has 1 vote.[8] Regional associations were created in July 1975 as six "supra-national associations" (Europe, Asia, Africa, North America, South America, and Australia) with the aim to decrease the gap between the ILTF and the national associations. These evolved into the current regional associations:[9]

     Asian Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ATF) – 44 members      Central American & Caribbean Tennis Confederation (COTECC) – 33 members      Confederation of African Tennis
Tennis
(CAT) – 52 members      Oceania Tennis
Tennis
Federation (OTF) – 20 members      South America Tennis
Tennis
Confederation (COSAT) – 10 members      Tennis
Tennis
Europe (TE) – 50 members      ITF members with no regional affiliation ( Canada
Canada
and United States)

Board of Directors[edit] The ITF President and Board of Directors are elected every four years by the national associations. Candidates are nominated by the national associations, and may serve up to twelve years.[10]

Board of Directors (2015–2019)

Role Board Member National Association

President David Haggerty United States

Vice President Katrina Adams United States

Anil Khanna India

Rene Stammbach Switzerland

Board Members Martin Corrie Great Britain

Sergio Elias Chile

Ismail El Shafei Egypt

Bernard Giudicelli France

Jack Graham Canada

Thomas Koenigsfeldt Denmark

Celia Patrick New Zealand

Aleksei Selivanenko Russia

Stefan Tzvetkov Bulgaria

Bulat Utemuratov Kazakhstan

Athlete Board Members Mary Pierce France

Mark Woodforde Australia

Governance[edit] The ITF is the world governing body for the sport of tennis. Its governance includes the following responsibilities: make, amend, and enforce the Rules of Tennis; regulate international team competitions; promote the game of tennis; and preserve the integrity of tennis. By its own constitution, the ITF guarantees that the official Rules of Tennis
Tennis
"shall be for ever in the English language".[11] A committee within the ITF periodically makes rule amendment recommendations to the Board of Directors. The Rules of Tennis
Tennis
encompass the manner of play and scoring, in-game coaching, and the technical specifications of equipment (e.g. ball, racket, net, court) and other technology (e.g. player analysis technology). The Rules cover tennis, wheelchair tennis, and beach tennis.[12] Through the Tennis
Tennis
Anti-Doping Program, the ITF implements the World Anti-Doping Code (from the World Anti-Doping Agency, or WADA) for tennis. National associations must implement the code within its national jurisdiction, report violations up to the ITF and WADA, and report annually about all testing conducted.[13] The Tennis Anti-Doping Program began in 1993, and applies to all players who play in ITF-sanctioned competitions, as well as tournaments on the ATP Tour and WTA Tour.[14] In 2015, 2514 samples were collected from men and 1919 samples were collected from women; 2256 samples were collected during tennis tournaments ("in-competition") and 2177 were collected at other times ("out-of-competition").[15] The Tennis
Tennis
Integrity Unit (TIU) is a joint initiative of the primary governing bodies in tennis: the ITF, the Association of Tennis Professionals (ATP), the Women's Tennis
Tennis
Association (WTA), and the Grand Slam Board. Formed in 2008 in response to betting-related corruption challenges, the TIU's mandate is to protect tennis from "all forms of betting-related corrupt practices".[16] As with the anti-doping efforts, national associations are charged with the responsibility of enforcing a code of conduct and reporting any violations.[17] Competitions[edit] Team competitions[edit] The ITF operates the two major annual international team competitions in the sport, the Davis Cup[18] for men, the Fed Cup[19] for women. It also sanctions the Hopman Cup,[20] an annual mixed-gender team tournament. The ITF also organizes tennis and wheelchair tennis events every four years at the Summer Olympic and Paralympic Games on behalf of the International Olympic Committee. Davis Cup[edit]

Vincent Richards, Bill Tilden
Bill Tilden
and Bill Johnston at the 1922 Davis Cup

Main article: Davis Cup The Davis Cup, named after its founder Dwight F. Davis, is an annual team event organized by the ITF in men's tennis contested between teams from competing countries in a knock-out format. The first Davis Cup took place in 1900, prior to the formation of the ITF. Since 1981, the tournament has been divided into a 16-nation World Group, and zone groups (Americas; Europe/Africa; and Asia/Oceania) which compete in three or four tiers.[21] Each year, successful teams are may be promoted up one level, while unsuccessful teams are relegated down one level. Davis Cup
Davis Cup
rounds are contested four times per year, scheduled to minimize disruption with the ATP Tour
ATP Tour
to encourage participation. In each round, a combination of singles and doubles matches are contested to determine the winners. In 2016, 135 nations participated, making it the largest annual international team competition in sport.[22] Fed Cup[edit] Main article: Fed Cup

Petra Kvitová, a member of the winning Czech Republic Fed Cup
Fed Cup
Team in 2011

The Fed Cup
Fed Cup
is an annual team event organized by the ITF in women's tennis, similar in format to the Davis Cup. It was launched in 1963 to celebrate the 50th anniversary of the ITF. Since 2005, the tournament has been divided into an eight-nation World Group, an eight-nation World Group II, and zone groups (Americas; Europe/Africa; and Asia/Oceania) which compete in two or three tiers.[23] Like the Davis Cup, the rules of promotion and relegation are almost the same each year, except that it contests World Group II, which does not exist in the Davis Cup. Fed Cup
Fed Cup
rounds are contested three times per year, scheduled to minimize disruption with the WTA Tour
WTA Tour
to encourage participation. In each round, a combination of singles and doubles matches are contested to determine the winners. In 2016, 102 nations participated, making it the largest annual international team competition in women's sport.[24] Hopman Cup[edit] Main article: Hopman Cup The Hopman Cup
Hopman Cup
is an annual team event which is contested by mixed-gender national teams. The first tournament was held in 1989, and the event has been sanctioned by the ITF since 1997.[25] The tournament is held over one week at the start of the tennis season (late December or early January) in Australia. Each year, eight nations are selected to compete, with one female and one male invited to attend. Two pools of four teams each play matches in a round-robin format, with the top team from each pool qualifying for the final.[26] Olympics and Paralympics[edit] Main articles: Tennis
Tennis
at the Summer Olympics and Wheelchair tennis
Wheelchair tennis
at the Summer Paralympics

Victoria Azarenka, Serena Williams, and Maria Sharapova
Maria Sharapova
at the 2012 Summer Olympics

Tennis
Tennis
(lawn tennis) was part of the Summer Olympic Games
Summer Olympic Games
program from the inaugural 1896 Summer Olympics, but was dropped after the 1924 Summer Olympics due to disputes between the ITF and the International Olympic Committee over allowing amateur players to compete.[27][28] After two appearances as a demonstration sport in 1968 and 1984,[29] it returned as a full medal sport at the 1988 Summer Olympics
1988 Summer Olympics
and has been played at every edition of the Games since then.[30] Wheelchair tennis
Wheelchair tennis
was first contested at the Summer Paralympic Games as a demonstration sport in 1988, with two events being held (Men's and Women's Singles). It became an official medal-awarding sport in 1992 and has been competed at every Summer Paralympics since then. Four events were held from 1992 to 2000, with quad events (mixed gender) in both singles and doubles added in 2004. Individual competitions[edit] The ITF sanctions the Grand Slam tennis tournaments as well as circuits which span age ranges (junior, professional, and seniors) as well as disciplines (wheelchair tennis; beach tennis). In addition to these circuits, the ITF also maintains rankings for juniors, seniors, wheelchair, and beach tennis. Grand slams[edit] Main article: Grand Slam (tennis) The ITF sanctions the 'Official Tennis
Tennis
Championships of the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation', commonly known as the Grand Slam events: the Australian Open, the French Open, Wimbledon, and the US Open. It is a member of the Grand Slam Committee.[31] Professional circuit[edit] Main articles: ITF Men's Circuit
ITF Men's Circuit
and ITF Women's Circuit The ITF organizes introductory ("apprentice" level) professional circuits for both men and women as a bridge between junior tournaments and playing on the higher-profile tours organized by the ATP and WTA, respectively. Professional circuit tournaments are open to all tennis players aged 14 and over based on merit, and offer both prize money and world ranking points for main draw match victories. The tournaments are owned or sanctioned by the national associations and approved by the ITF.[32] Although circuits were introduced to men's tennis in 1976, the ITF assumed responsibility for developing them in 1990. From then until 2006, four-week satellite tournaments were run, where participants were required to compete in the entire series. In 1998, single-week ITF Futures tournaments were introduced, although they are scheduled in two or three-week geographic clusters.[33] As of 2016, over 600 ITF Futures tournaments in 77 countries were held, with prize funds ranging from USD 10,000 to USD 25,000.[34] ITF Futures tournaments represent the third tier of men's tournaments, below the mid-level ATP Challenger Tour and the top-level ATP World Tour. The ITF assumed responsibility for an apprentice-level women's circuit in 1984.[35] As of 2016, the ITF women's circuit includes over 500 tournaments in 65 countries, with prize funds ranging from USD 10,000 to USD 100,000.[34] The ITF women's circuit is the third tier in women's tennis, below the mid-level WTA 125K series
WTA 125K series
and the top-level WTA Tour. Junior circuit[edit] Main article: ITF Junior Circuit

Filip Peliwo, ITF Junior World Champion 2012, during the 2012 Junior US Open

Starting in 1977, the ITF has organized a series of international tennis tournaments for junior players.[36] Tournaments have various grades: Grade A (the highest; junior Grand Slams and some others), Grade 1, Grade 2, Grade 3, Grade 4, and Grade 5 (the lowest). Depending on the grade of tournament, players earn points toward the ITF Junior World Rankings. In 2004, the ITF introduced combined junior rankings rather than maintaining separate singles and doubles rankings for juniors in an effort to encourage doubles play.[37] As of 2015, the junior circuit includes 400 tournaments in 121 countries, open to players who are between their 13th and 19th birthdays. In order to help high-ranking junior girls transition from the junior circuit to the professional circuit, the ITF began the Girls Junior Exempt Project in 1997. Under this program, girls ranked in the top 10 at the end of the year are given direct entry into the main draw of three events on the ITF professional circuit the following year. In 2006, this project was extended for boys under similar rules.[38] Seniors circuit[edit] As of 2016, the ITF Seniors Circuit consists of over 380 tournaments in more than 72 countries. Tournaments are classified into various grades, with Grade A being the highest and Grade 5 being the lowest. Rankings are maintained in a series of age groups where the starting ages advance five years at a time (e.g. 35 years and older; 40 years and older) up to the 85 years and older group.[39] World championships began in 1981. In 1993, the world championships were divided into two age ranges, and in 2015 it was further divided into three age ranges. As of 2015, the ranges are Young Seniors (35 to 49); Seniors (50 to 64); and Super-Seniors (65 to 85).[40] Wheelchair circuit[edit] Main article: ITF Wheelchair Tennis
Tennis
Tour

Aniek van Koot
Aniek van Koot
at the 2015 US Open

The first circuit for wheelchair tennis, formed in 1980 by the National Foundation of Wheelchair Tennis, had ten tournaments. Beginning in 1992, the Wheelchair Tennis
Tennis
Tour began with eleven events, organized by the International Wheelchair Tennis
Tennis
Federation (IWTF) which merged with the ITF six years later.[41] As of 2016, the wheelchair tennis circuit includes over 160 events in over 40 countries. This includes tournaments ranging from Futures (the lowest level) up to the Grand Slams.[42] Beach tennis circuit[edit] Main article: ITF Beach Tennis
Tennis
Tour

Beach tennis match

In 2008, the ITF assumed responsibility for the development of beach tennis and launched the Beach Tennis
Tennis
Tour (BTT). This tour started with 14 tournaments, but has grown to nearly 300 tournaments by 2015.[43] The most prestigious of these are the ITF Beach Tennis
Tennis
World Team Championship, ITF Beach Tennis
Tennis
World Championships, European Beach Tennis
Tennis
Championships, and the ITF Pan American Championships.[44] Like the other ITF circuits, tournaments are sanctioned by the ITF and primarily organized by national associations. The ITF also maintains a system of rankings for beach tennis players.[45] Awards and rankings[edit]

2009 ITF World Champion trophies awarded to Roger Federer
Roger Federer
and Serena Williams

World champions[edit] Main article: ITF World Champions The ITF designates a World Champion in several disciplines each year based on performances throughout the year, emphasizing the Grand Slam tournaments, and also considering team events such as the Davis Cup and Fed Cup. Singles champions were first named in 1978, and are chosen by an ITF panel. In later years, World Champion awards were added for doubles, juniors (using a combined singles and doubles ranking), and wheelchair players.[46] Although the panel selections generally agree with the year-end ATP and WTA rankings, this is not always the case. For example, Jennifer Capriati was designated as the World Champion in 2001, after winning the Australian Open
Australian Open
and French Open
French Open
and finishing the year ranked number two. Lindsay Davenport, on the other hand, finished the year ranked number one, but her best performances at majors were two semifinal appearances.[47] National rankings[edit] Main article: ITF Rankings The ITF maintains rankings of nations in both women's[48] and men's[49] tennis based solely on recent performances in the Fed Cup and Davis Cup, respectively. These rankings are used to seed teams at the start of each year in their respective groups. The women's and men's rankings are calculated using a similar method.[50][51] In both cases, a nation's points are a weighted sum of points earned over the past four years. Points are earned by victorious nations depending on the group (e.g. World Group versus Zonal Groups), the round (e.g. final versus first round), and the ranking of the opponent being played. For the men's ranking only, additional bonus points are awarded for winning on an opponent's home ground. Points earned in the last 12 months are weighted at 100%, but points earned two years (75%), three years (50%), and four years (25%) ago are weighted less. Player rating and registration[edit] ITN[edit] The International Tennis
Tennis
Number (ITN)[52] is an international tennis rating system that gives tennis players a number that represents their general level of play. Players are rated from ITN 1 (ATP or WTA standard or equivalent) to 10 (starter players). Conversion charts have been developed linking the ITN to other existing rating systems in ITF tennis nations and in time it is hoped that every tennis player worldwide will have a rating. Below ITN 10 there are 3 further categories linked to the slower balls:

10.1 for players using green balls on the full-size court 10.2 for players using orange balls on the 18 metre court 10.3 for players using red balls on the 11 metre court

Once players can ‘serve, rally and score’ they should have a rating to help them find players of a similar level to play with. IPIN[edit] In late 2004 the ITF initiated a new IPIN (International Player Identification Number) programme that requires all players who play in ITF Pro Circuit tournaments to register online.[53] The use of IPIN has since been extended to include the ITF Junior, Seniors, and Wheelchair Circuits. A player's IPIN, which is 3 letters followed by 7 numbers, is assigned upon registration and will not change during the course of his or her career. Once registered, players can use the IPIN website to enter and withdraw from ITF tournaments, access tournament information and updates, and see details relating to any code of conduct offenses.[54][55] Annual IPIN registration fees vary depending on the ITF circuit chosen by the player. Fine of the Tunisian Tennis
Tennis
Federation[edit] Tunisian player Malek Jaziri
Malek Jaziri
and Israeli player Amir Weintraub
Amir Weintraub
were scheduled to play each other at the 2013 Tashkent Challenger in October 2013.[56] Jaziri withdrew from the competition in January 2013.[56] According to Jaziri's brother, Jaziri had been ordered to withdraw from the competition.[56] The Association of Tennis
Tennis
Professionals investigated and found that Jaziri had done nothing wrong. The International Tennis
Tennis
Foundation investigated and found that the Tunisian Tennis
Tennis
Federation's interference with the game had constituted a breach of the ITF Constitution.[56] Consequently, Tunisia was suspended from the 2014 Davis Cup
Davis Cup
competition.[56] ITF president Francesco Ricci Bitti said, "There is no room for prejudice of any kind in sport or in society. The ITF Board decided to send a strong message to the Tunisian Tennis Federation that this kind of action will not be tolerated."[56] Fine of the Israel Tennis
Tennis
Association[edit] A Davis Cup
Davis Cup
game between the Israeli national tennis team and the Belgian national tennis team was scheduled in Antwerp
Antwerp
for 14 September 2013.[57] Because the match was scheduled for Yom Kippur, the Israeli team requested to postpone the match by one day.[57] The Belgian national tennis team declined to postpone the game.[57] The International Tennis
Tennis
Federation intervened and postponed the match by one day.[57] It also fined the Israel Tennis
Tennis
Association more than $13,000 for the inconvenience of rescheduling.[57] See also[edit]

List of international sport federations Association of Tennis
Tennis
Professionals History of tennis

Notes[edit]

^ The 15 founding countries were: Australasia ( Australia
Australia
and New Zealand), Austria, Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Hungary, Italy, Netherlands, Russia, South Africa, Spain, Sweden and Switzerland. Canada, Norway and the United States
United States
were also invited but declined to join.

References[edit]

^ a b "The history of the ITF". ITF.  ^ a b c Gillmeister, Heiner (1998). Tennis : A Cultural History. London: Leicester University Press. pp. 191–192. ISBN 978-0718501952.  ^ "Sport Athlétiques". Le Figaro
Le Figaro
(in French) (28). Gallica. 28 January 1913. p. 7.  ^ " Tennis
Tennis
– La fédération internationale". Le Figaro
Le Figaro
(in French) (35). Gallica. 4 February 1913. p. 7.  ^ Bowers (2013), pp. 18–20 ^ Max Robertson (1974). The Encyclopedia of Tennis: 100 Years of Great Players and Events. The Viking Press. p. 87.  ^ "Membership status from 1st January 2016" (PDF). International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ ITF Constitution 2016, p. 44-49. ^ Bowers (2013), p. 26 ^ "About the ITF: Structure". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ ITF Constitution 2016, p. 30. ^ "About the ITF: Rules". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 26 March 2016.  ^ ITF Constitution 2016, p. 39-40. ^ "ITF Anti-Doping: Introduction". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 26 March 2016.  ^ "Guide to the Tennis
Tennis
Anti-Doping Programme". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 26 March 2016.  ^ "About the TIU". Tennis
Tennis
Integrity Unit. Retrieved 26 March 2016.  ^ ITF Constitution 2016, p. 40. ^ " Davis Cup
Davis Cup
website".  ^ " Fed Cup
Fed Cup
website".  ^ " Hopman Cup
Hopman Cup
website".  ^ " Davis Cup
Davis Cup
History". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ " Davis Cup
Davis Cup
Format". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ " Fed Cup
Fed Cup
History". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ " Fed Cup
Fed Cup
Format". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Hopman Cup". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "How the draw works". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ Soltis, Greg (27 July 2012). "Olympic Events Through History". LiveScience. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ Williams, Wythe (27 July 1928). "Soccer and Tennis
Tennis
Barred in Olympics". The New York Times. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ "Olympic Tennis
Tennis
Event - History: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ "2 More Olympic Games". The New York Times. 2 October 1981. Retrieved 1 August 2012.  ^ "Grand Slam – Overview". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation (ITF). Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "Tournaments: Circuit Info". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "About Pro Circuit: Men's History". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ a b "About Pro Circuit: Overview". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "About Pro Circuit: Women's History". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Juniors: Circuit History". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Juniors: Rankings Explained". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Juniors: Junior Exempt". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Seniors: Circuit Info". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Seniors: World Individual Championships Overview". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Wheelchair: History". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Wheelchair: Circuit Info". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 20 March 2016.  ^ "Beach Tennis: History". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 26 March 2016.  ^ "Beach Tennis
Tennis
Championships: Overview". International Tennis Federation. Retrieved 26 March 2016.  ^ "Beach Tennis: Rankings Explained". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. Retrieved 26 March 2016.  ^ ITF Constitution 2016, p. 36,38. ^ "ITF opt for Hewitt and Capriati". BBC. 2 December 2001. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ " Fed Cup
Fed Cup
Nations Ranking". Fed Cup. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ " Davis Cup
Davis Cup
Nations Ranking". Davis Cup. Archived from the original on 21 September 2013. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "How the Rankings Work". Fed Cup. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ "Rankings Explained". Davis Cup. Retrieved 21 March 2016.  ^ International Tennis
Tennis
Number site ^ "About IPIN". Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ "IPIN Introduction". Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ "IPIN Registration". Retrieved 15 March 2012.  ^ a b c d e f "Tunisia suspended from Davis Cup
Davis Cup
over Malek Jaziri order". Tennis
Tennis
News. Sky Sports. Retrieved 4 November 2013.  ^ a b c d e "Israeli tennis players fined for sitting out Yom Kippur." The Times of Israel. 12 August 2013.

Sources

Bowers, Chris (2013). Forder-White, Emily, ed. The International Tennis
Tennis
Federation : a century of contribution to tennis. New York: Rizzoli. ISBN 978-0847839902.  "Constitution of the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation". International Tennis
Tennis
Federation. 2016. 

External links[edit]

Official website Tennis
Tennis
Play and Stay site

v t e

National members of the International Tennis
Tennis
Federation

Africa (CAT)

North Africa

ALG EGY LBA MTN MAR TUN

West Africa

BEN BUR CPV CIV COM DJI GAM GHA GBS GUI LBR MLI NIG NGR SEN SLE TOG

Central Africa

CMR CAF CGO CHA COD GAB GEQ

East Africa

BDI ERI ETH KEN RWA SEY SOM SUD TAN UGA

South Africa

ANG BOT LES MAD MAW MRI MOZ NAM RSA SWZ ZAM ZIM

Asia (ATF)

AFG BRN BAN BHU BRU CAM CHN HKG IND INA IRI IRQ JPN JOR KAZ KGZ KOR KSA KUW LAO LIB MAC MAS MDV MGL MYA NEP OMA PAK PHI PLE PRK QAT SGP SRI SYR THA TJK TKM TPE UAE UZB VIE YEM

Europe (TE)

ALB AND ARM AUT AZE BLR BEL BIH BUL CRO CYP CZE DEN ESP EST FIN FRA GEO GBR GER GRE HUN ISL IRL ISR ITA KOS LAT LTU LUX LIE MKD MLT MDA MON MNE NED NOR POL POR ROU RUS SMR SRB SVK SLO SWE SUI TUR UKR

Central America (COTECC)

AIA ANT ARU BAH BAR BIZ BER BES CAY CRC CUB CUW DOM DMA ESA GRN GUA GUY HAI HON JAM MEX NCA PAN PUR LCA VIN SUR TTO ISV IVB SKN TKS

South America (COSAT)

ARG BOL BRA COL CHI ECU PAR PER URU VEN

Oceania (OTF)

ASA AUS COK FIJ GUM KIR MHL FSM NRU NZL NFK NMI PLW PNG SAM SOL TAH TGA TUV VAN

North America

CAN USA

Former members

Yugoslav (YUG) Netherlands Antilles (AHO)

Major events:

Olympics Davis Cup Fed Cup

v t e

International sports federations

ASOIF (28) Summer Olympics Federations

WA (archery) IAAF (athletics) BWF (badminton) FIBA
FIBA
(basketball) AIBA (boxing) ICF (canoeing) UCI (cycling) FEI (equestrianism) FIE (fencing) FIFA
FIFA
(football/soccer) IGF (golf) FIG (gymnastics) IHF (handball) FIH (field hockey) IJF (judo) UIPM (modern pentathlon) FISA (rowing) WR (rugby) WS (sailing) ISSF (shooting) FINA
FINA
(aquatic sports) ITTF (table tennis) WT (taekwondo) ITF (tennis) ITU (triathlon) FIVB (volleyball) IWF (weightlifting) UWW (wrestling)

AIOWF (7) Winter Olympics Federations

IBU (biathlon) IBSF (bobsleigh and skeleton) WCF (curling) IIHF (ice hockey) FIL (luge) ISU (skating sports) FIS (skiing sports)

ARISF (39) Others recognised by IOC

FAI (air sports) IFAF (american football) FIA (auto racing) FIB (bandy) WBSC (baseball and softball) FIPV (basque pelota) WCBS (billiard sports) CMSB (boules) WB (bowling) WBF (bridge) ICU (cheer) FIDE
FIDE
(chess) UIAA (mountaineering) ICC (cricket) WDSF (dance sport) FMJD (draughts) IFF (floorball) WFDF (flying disc) WKF (karate) IKF (korfball) ILSF (life saving) FIM (motorcycle sport) IFMA (muay Thai) INF (netball) IOF (orienteering) FIP (polo) UIM (powerboating) IRF (racquetball) FIRS (roller sports) ISMF (ski mountaineering) IFSC (sports climbing) WSF (squash) IFS (sumo) ISA (surfing) TWIF (tug-of-war) CMAS (underwater sports) FISU (university sports) IWWF (waterski and wakeboard) IWUF (wushu)

Others in GAISF (21)

IAF (aikido) IFBB (body building) ICSF (casting) WDF (darts) IDBF (dragon boat) IFA (fistball) IGF (go) IFI (ice stock sport) JJIF (ju-jitsu) FIK (kendo) WAKO (kickboxing) FIL (lacrosse) WMF (minigolf) IPF (powerlifting) FIAS (sambo) FISav (savate) ISTAF (sepaktakraw) ISFF (sleddog) ISTF (soft tennis) CIPS (sport fishing)

GAISF observer members (9)

WAF (arm wrestling) WDA (dodgeball) FIFG (footgolf) IUKL (kettlebell lifting) IFP (poker) IPSF (pole dance) ITSF (table football/soccer) RLIF (rugby league) IPF (padel)

Others (20)

ARI (australian rules football) IBA (bodyboarding) PBA (bowls) IFBA (broomball) WCF (croquet) IGAA (gaelic football and hurling) IKF (kabaddi) IMMAF (mixed martial arts) WMRA (mountain running) IPSC (practical shooting) IQA (quidditch) IFMAR (radio-controlled racing) IRF (rogaining) WSSF (snowshoe running) ISF (skyrunning) WSSA (sport stacking) ITPF (tent pegging) FIT (touch football) ITRA (trail running) IAU (ultra running)

International Olympic Committee International World Games Association Global Association of International Sports Federations

v t e

Tennis

ITF History Glossary Match types Statistics Players Umpires Women's tennis

Basics

General

Scoring system

point

Strategy

grips serve and volley

Equipment

ball racket strings

Official Technology

electronic line judge hawk-eye cyclops

Courts

Carpet Clay Grass Hard

Shots

Backhand Backspin Drop shot Flat Forehand Groundstroke Half volley Lob Passing shot Serve

ace

Smash Topspin Volley

Grand Slams

Events

Australian Open French Open Wimbledon US Open

Stats

Records Singles finals

Professional tours

Men

ATP World Tour ATP Challenger Tour ITF Men's Circuit

Women

WTA Tour WTA 125K series ITF Women's Circuit

Team tennis tournaments

Active

Davis Cup Fed Cup Hopman Cup Laver Cup World TeamTennis

Defunct

Wightman Cup World Team Cup Champions Tennis
Tennis
League International Premier Tennis
Tennis
League

Multi-sport events

Intercontinental

Olympics Youth Olympics Universiade Commonwealth Island Mediterranean

Continental

All-Africa Asian Pacific Pan American

Outline Portal WikiCommons

Coordinates: 51°27′32″N 0°15′19″W / 51.45889°N 0.25528°W / 51.45889; -0.25528

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 129835064 LCCN: n81078023 ISNI: 0000 0001 2156 6570 GND: 5048394-8 SELIBR: 378153 SUDOC: 094140553 NLA: 3631

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