International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors
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The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS) is a set of documents produced by a group of
semiconductor industry The semiconductor industry is the aggregate of companies engaged in the Electronic design automation, design and Fabrication (semiconductor), fabrication of semiconductors and semiconductor devices, such as transistors and integrated circuits. I ...
experts. These experts are representative of the sponsoring organisations which include the
Semiconductor Industry Association The Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA) is a trade association and lobbying group founded in 1977 that represents the United States semiconductor industry. It is located in Washington, D.C. One of the main achievements of the SIA was the cr ...
s of
Taiwan Taiwan, officially the Republic of China (ROC), is a Country, country in East Asia, at the junction of the East China Sea, East and South China Seas in the northwestern Pacific Ocean, with the China, People's Republic of China (PRC) to the n ...
,
South Korea South Korea, officially the Republic of Korea (ROK), is a country in East Asia, constituting the southern part of the Korea, Korean Peninsula and sharing a Korean Demilitarized Zone, land border with North Korea. Its western border is formed ...
, the United States, Europe,
Japan Japan ( ja, 日本, or , and formally , ''Nihonkoku'') is an island country in East Asia. It is situated in the northwest Pacific Ocean, and is bordered on the west by the Sea of Japan, while extending from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north ...
, and China. As of 2017, ITRS is no longer being updated. Its successor is the International Roadmap for Devices and Systems. The documents carried disclaimer: "The ITRS is devised and intended for technology assessment only and is without regard to any commercial considerations pertaining to individual products or equipment". The documents represent best opinion on the directions of research and time-lines up to about 15 years into the future for the following areas of technology:


History

Constructing an
integrated circuit An integrated circuit or monolithic integrated circuit (also referred to as an IC, a chip, or a microchip) is a set of electronic circuits on one small flat piece (or "chip") of semiconductor material, usually silicon. Large numbers of ti ...
, or any semiconductor device, requires a series of operations—photolithography, etching, metal deposition, and so on. As the industry evolved, each of these operations were typically performed by specialized machines built by a variety of commercial companies. This specialization may potentially make it difficult for the industry to advance, since in many cases it does no good for one company to introduce a new product if the other needed steps are not available around the same time. A technology roadmap can help this by giving an idea when a certain capability will be needed. Then each supplier can target this date for their piece of the puzzle. With the progressive externalization of production tools to the suppliers of specialized equipment, the need arose for a clear roadmap to anticipate the evolution of the market and to plan and control the technological needs of IC production. For several years, the
Semiconductor Industry Association The Semiconductor Industry Association (SIA) is a trade association and lobbying group founded in 1977 that represents the United States semiconductor industry. It is located in Washington, D.C. One of the main achievements of the SIA was the cr ...
(SIA) gave this responsibility of coordination to the United States, which led to the creation of an American style roadmap, the National Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (NTRS). In 1998, the SIA became closer to its European, Japanese, Korean, and Taiwanese counterparts by creating the first global roadmap: The International Technology Roadmap for Semiconductors (ITRS). This international group has (as of the 2003 edition) 936 companies which were affiliated with working groups within the ITRS. The organization was divided into Technical Working Groups (TWGs) which eventually grew in number to 17, each focusing on a key element of the technology and associated supply chain. Traditionally, the ITRS roadmap was updated in even years, and completely revised in odd years. The last revision of th
ITRS Roadmap was published in 2013
The methodology and the physics behind the scaling results for 2013 tables is described i
transistor roadmap projection using predictive full-band atomistic modeling
which covers double gate MOSFETs over the 15 years to 2028. With the generally acknowledged sunsetting of
Moore's law Moore's law is the observation that the Transistor count, number of transistors in a dense integrated circuit (IC) doubles about every two years. Moore's law is an observation and Forecasting, projection of a historical trend. Rather than a la ...
and, ITRS issuing in 2016 its final roadmap, a new initiative for a more generalized roadmapping was started through the IEEE's Rebooting Computing initiative, named the International Roadmap for Devices and Systems (IRDS).IRDS launch announcement 4 MAY 2016
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ITRS 2.0

In April 2014, the ITRS committee announced it would be reorganizing the ITRS roadmap to better suit the needs of the industry. The plan was to take all the elements included in the 17 technical working groups and map them into seven focus topics: *;'' System integration'': This is a design-focused topic that examines architectures, and how to integrate heterogeneous blocks. *;''Outside system connectivity'': Focuses on wireless technologies, how they work, and how to choose the best solution. *;''Heterogeneous integration'': The focus will be on integration of separately manufactured technologies into a new unit so that they function better than the individual pieces do separately - whilst allowing for components such as cameras and microphones. *;''Heterogeneous components'': Focuses on different devices that form heterogeneous systems, such as
MEMS Microelectromechanical systems (MEMS), also written as micro-electro-mechanical systems (or microelectronic and microelectromechanical systems) and the related micromechatronics and microsystems constitute the technology of microscopic devices, ...
,
power generation Electricity generation is the process of generating electric power from sources of primary energy. For electric utility, utilities in the electric power industry, it is the stage prior to its Electricity delivery, delivery (Electric power transmi ...
, and sensing devices. *;'' Beyond CMOS'': The focus is on devices that provide electronics but aren’t
CMOS Complementary metal–oxide–semiconductor (CMOS, pronounced "sea-moss", ) is a type of metal–oxide–semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) fabrication process that uses complementary and symmetrical pairs of p-type and n-type MOS ...
based, such as spintronics, memristors, and others. *;''More Moore'': Because there is still work to be done, this group will take on the continued shrinking of CMOS. *;''Factory integration'': Focus will be on the new tools and processes to produce heterogeneous integration of all these things. Chapters on each topic were published in 2015.ITRS 2.0 chapters
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References


Further reading

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External links


Official itrs2 websiteMirror of the original website
at Archive.org

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