An interchange station or a transfer station is a train station
for more than one railway
route in a public transport
system that allows passenger
s to change from one route to another, often without having to leave a station or pay an additional fare.
Transfer may occur within the same mode, or between rail modes, or to bus
es (for stations with bus termini
attached). Such stations usually have more platforms
than single route stations. These stations can exist in either commercial centers or on the city outskirts in residential areas. Cities typically plan for land use around interchange stations for development
. Passengers may be required to pay extra fare
for the interchange if they leave a paid area
With the opening of the Woodside and Birkenhead Dock Street Tramway
Birkenhead Dock railway station
probably became the world's first tram
to train interchange station.
Verney Junction interchange station
was built at the point of two railway lines intersecting each other in open countryside. The station was built in an open remote field being used from 1868 to 1968.
The Manhattan Transfer (PRR station)
on the Pennsylvania Railroad
was located outside Newark, New Jersey
in a relatively isolated area, and was used primarily for passenger interchange.
Sometimes cross-platform interchange
is offered between mainline railways and city metro systems, such as Barking
stations in London
In some cases, no dedicated underground passage or footbridge is provided, and therefore passengers have to transfer between two parts of a station through city streets. Examples include Kuramae Station
, Japan and Lexington Avenue-59th Street
/Lexington Avenue–63rd Street
stations in New York City
. In many cases, electronic ticket
ing allows transferring passengers re-admission to the transit system without paying fare a second time, as if they had never left the fare control
area in the station (this process is called a "free out-of-system transfer").
There are also bus interchange
s, where people can change between different bus routes with no extra fare or only the differences of the fares of the two routes. Examples include Tai Lam Tunnel Bus Interchange
and Shing Mun Tunnel Bus Interchange
in the New Territories
, Hong Kong, and in the downtown of Lafayette
* Cross-platform interchange
* Spanish solution