Indian chess is the name given to a variation of chess played in India
in the 18th and 19th centuries. The more ancient forms are known as
chaturanga, and spread to the west via
1 Differences from Western chess 2 Names of the pieces 3 See also 4 References
Differences from Western chess
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The king is always placed to the right of the queen (as opposed to the
left for Black).
When only the king and pawns are left in play, the opponent may not
give check, but he can win by stalemate.
The two-step initial pawn move is absent in Indian chess; thus, en
passant is also absent.
Normal castling with rook and king is absent. The king can make a
knight's move once in a game, known as Indian castling.
On reaching the opposite end of the board, pawns promote to the piece
of that square. If it promotes at the initial king's position, it
promotes a queen.
Names of the pieces The queen is called the Minister. The knight has been called a horse since chaturanga times, and is attested to in the iconography of the modern knight. The following table describes one version of Indian chess terminology for the various pieces (including Hindi/Urdu pronunciations):
Name Western Hindi Urdu
King king Rājā or Bādshāh Bādshāh
Minister queen Mantrī or Wazīr Wazīr
Elephant rook Hāthī Hāthī
Horse knight Ghoṛā Ghora
Camel bishop ūṅṭ Ūnt
Infantry pawn Paidal or Pyādā Paidal or Pyādā
Origins of chess Chaturaji, four-handed version of chaturanga Shatranj
^ Cazaux, Jean-Louis. "Indian