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The Indian Super League
Indian Super League
(ISL) is a men's professional football league in India. For sponsorship reasons, the league is officially known as the Hero Indian Super League. One of the top football leagues in the country, it currently shares the top spot in the Indian football league system with the I-League.[1] The league comprises 10 teams and runs for five months from November to March starting with the 2017–18 season.[2] Founded on 21 October 2013 in partnership with IMG, Reliance Industries, and Star Sports, the Indian Super League
Indian Super League
was launched with the goal of growing football in India
India
and to increase exposure to the sport in the country.[3] The league's first season took place in 2014 with eight teams. During the first three seasons of the Indian Super League, the league operated without official recognition from the Asian Football Confederation, the governing body for the sport in Asia.[4] The league also operated along the same lines of the Indian Premier League, the country's premier Twenty20
Twenty20
cricket competition, with the league campaign lasting for only two to three months and matches being held every day.[5] However, before the 2017–18 season, the league earned recognition from the AFC, expanded to ten teams, and extended its schedule to five months, with matches played mainly on weekends.[1][2] Unlike most football leagues around the world, the Indian Super League does not use promotion and relegation, instead choosing to grow the league through expansion, similar to Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
in the United States.[5] During the four seasons of the league, two teams have been crowned champions, both winning twice each. ATK won the first title in 2014 and then they won it for the second time during the 2016 season. Chennaiyin are the other club to be crowned as champions. The Tamil Nadu based club won the title in both 2015 and 2018.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origins 1.2 Foundations 1.3 Recognition and expansion

2 Competition format 3 Teams 4 Organization

4.1 Ownership 4.2 Stadiums 4.3 Sponsorship and revenues 4.4 Trophy 4.5 Media coverage 4.6 International Broadcasters

5 League championships

5.1 Finals results 5.2 Championships by team

6 Player records 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

History[edit] Origins[edit] Football in India
India
has existed in many forms since the game first arrived in the country during the 19th century with the first nationwide club competition, the Durand Cup, being founded in 1888.[6][7] Despite India's early history in the game, the country's first nationwide football league did not begin until the semi-professional National Football League commenced in 1996.[8] Prior to the creation of the National Football League, most clubs played in state leagues or select nationwide tournaments.[8] Ten years after the formation of the National Football League, the All India
India
Football Federation, the governing body for the sport in India, decided to reformat the league as the I-League
I-League
in an effort to professionalize the game.[9] However, during the following seasons, the league would suffer from a lack of popularity due to poor marketing and poor quality of football.[10] In September 2005, the AIFF signed a 10–year television and media contract with Zee Sports. The deal would see Zee broadcast the National Football League and I-League, as well as other tournaments organized by the AIFF and select India
India
international matches.[11] However, in October 2010, the deal between the AIFF and Zee Sports
Zee Sports
was terminated five years early after differences between both parties related to payment and how to grow the game in India.[12] A couple months later, on 9 December 2010, it was announced that the AIFF had signed a new 15–year, 700–crore deal with Reliance Industries and the International Management Group.[13] The deal gave IMG–Reliance exclusive commercial rights to sponsorship, advertising, broadcasting, merchandising, video, franchising, and the right to create a new football league.[13] As commercial partners for the AIFF, IMG–Reliance were responsible for the marketing and organization of the I-League.[13] However, in February 2012, it was revealed that I-League
I-League
clubs were not happy with the federation's commercial partners and believed IMG–Reliance had done little to try and promote the country's then top domestic football league.[14] However, the AIFF reassured the clubs that the federation, as well as IMG–Reliance, had plans to improve the league prior to the 2012–13 season and maybe even revamp the tournament along the lines of Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
of the United States.[14] In June 2013, word had come out that IMG–Reliance were planning to start their own franchise-based tournament for 2013 and also divide the I-League
I-League
into two conferences. This idea was not well received by I-League
I-League
clubs who decided to refuse to loan any of their players for the IMG–Reliance proposed tournament or sign any players already contracted to the company.[15] However, by August 2013, it was revealed that IMG–Reliance had signed the required number of players needed to start their own tournament and that the tournament would have the backing of the AIFF.[16] Foundations[edit] The Indian Super League
Indian Super League
was officially launched on 21 October 2013 by IMG–Reliance, Star Sports, and the All India
India
Football Federation.[3] The league was announced to take place from January 2014 to March 2014.[17] A few days later however, on 29 October 2013, it was announced that the ISL would be postponed to September 2014.[17] At first, it was announced that bidding for the eight Indian Super League teams would be complete before the end of 2013 and that there was already high interest from big corporations, Indian Premier League teams, Bollywood
Bollywood
stars, and other consortiums.[18] However, due to the rescheduling of the league, the bidding was moved to 3 March 2014.[19] It was also revealed around this time that not only would bidders need to comply with a financial requirement but they would also need to promote grassroots development plans for football within their area.[20] Finally, in early April 2014, the winning bidders were announced.[21] The selected cities/state were Bangalore, Delhi, Goa, Guwahati, Kochi, Kolkata, Mumbai, and Pune.[21] Former India
India
cricket player Sachin Tendulkar, along with PVP Ventures, won the bidding for the Kochi
Kochi
franchise. Another former Indian cricket player, Sourav Ganguly, along with a group of Indian businessmen and La Liga
La Liga
side Atlético Madrid, won the bid for the Kolkata
Kolkata
franchise.[21] Meanwhile, Bollywood
Bollywood
stars John Abraham, Ranbir Kapoor, and Salman Khan won the bid for the Guwahati, Mumbai, and Pune
Pune
franchises respectively. Bangalore
Bangalore
and Delhi
Delhi
were won by companies while Goa
Goa
was won by a partnership between Videocon, Dattaraj Salgaocar, and I-League
I-League
side, Dempo.[21] The first team to be launched officially was the Kolkata
Kolkata
franchise as Atlético de Kolkata
Kolkata
on 7 May 2014.[22] On 7 July 2014, the team announced the first head coach in league history, Antonio López Habas.[23] The next day, Kolkata
Kolkata
also announced the first official marquee signing in the Indian Super League, UEFA
UEFA
Champions League winner Luis García.[24] Eventually, all eight teams were revealed as Atlético de Kolkata, Bangalore
Bangalore
Titans, Delhi
Delhi
Dynamos, Goa, Kerala
Kerala
Blasters, Mumbai
Mumbai
City, NorthEast United and Pune
Pune
City.[25][26] However, on 21 August 2014, it was announced that due to Bangalore's owners dropping out, Chennai would be given a franchise instead.[27] The team was eventually named Chennaiyin FC.[28] At the same time, the original marquee players were Luis García, Elano, Alessandro Del Piero, Robert Pirès, David James, Fredrik Ljungberg, Joan Capdevila, and David Trezeguet.[25] The inaugural season began on 12 October 2014 at the Salt Lake Stadium when Atlético de Kolkata
Kolkata
defeated Mumbai
Mumbai
City, 3–0. The first goal was scored by Fikru Teferra.[29] The inaugural final was held on 20 December 2014 with Atlético de Kolkata
Kolkata
becoming champions after defeating Kerala
Kerala
Blasters 1–0 at the DY Patil Stadium.[30] Recognition and expansion[edit] For the first three seasons of the Indian Super League, the league operated without official recognition from the governing body for football in Asia, the Asian Football Confederation
Asian Football Confederation
(AFC), and FIFA, the world governing body.[1] In October 2014, then FIFA
FIFA
General Secretary Jérôme Valcke
Jérôme Valcke
stated that the world governing body only recognized the ISL as a tournament, not a league. The official league for football in India
India
remained the I-League.[31] With no recognition from the AFC, the league also couldn't participate in Asian club competitions, the AFC Champions League
AFC Champions League
or AFC Cup.[31] During the first three seasons of the Indian Super League, attendances across the league had exceeded expectations of pundits and of the domestic I-League.[32] Television ratings were also strong for the league as well as social media interaction.[32] However, despite the general success off the pitch, the league drew criticism in other areas. Due to the need to accommodate the ISL into the Indian football calendar, the I-League
I-League
season was shortened and went from having an October to May schedule to January to May schedule.[33] Indian players would play for both an ISL team and an I-League
I-League
club while the I-League
I-League
continued to suffer from lack of visibility compared to the ISL.[34] India
India
head coach Stephen Constantine
Stephen Constantine
had called for both the ISL and I-League
I-League
to either run together at the same time or merge.[35] On 18 May 2016, IMG–Reliance, along with the AIFF and I-League representatives met during a meeting in Mumbai. During the meeting it was proposed that, starting from the 2017–18 season, the Indian Super League become the top tier football league in India
India
while the I-League
I-League
be reformed as League One and be relegated to the second division. The ISL would also expand by two teams and continue to operate without promotion and relegation but run for 5–7 months instead of 2–3.[36] The idea was not entertained by the I-League representatives.[36] In June 2017, IMG–Reliance, the AIFF, I-League
I-League
representatives, and the AFC met in Kuala Lumpur
Kuala Lumpur
in order to find a new way forward for Indian football.[37] The AFC were against allowing the ISL as the main league in India
India
while I-League
I-League
clubs East Bengal and Mohun Bagan wanted a complete merger of the ISL and I-League.[37] A couple weeks later, the AIFF proposed that both the Indian Super League
Indian Super League
and I-League
I-League
run simultaneously on a short–term basis with the I-League winner qualifying for the AFC Champions League
AFC Champions League
and the AFC Cup qualification spot going to the ISL champion.[38] The proposal from the AIFF was officially approved by the AFC on 25 July 2017, with the ISL replacing the domestic cup competition, the Federation Cup.[39] It was also stated that the league would now run for five months starting with the 2017–18 season and the league would expand to 10 teams.[38] A month before, on 11 May 2017, the ISL organizers started to accept bids for 2–3 new franchises for the 2017–18 season.[40] The bids would be for ten cities, namely Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Cuttack, Durgapur, Hyderabad, Jamshedpur, Kolkata, Ranchi, Siliguri
Siliguri
and Thiruvanathapuram.[40] It was also clarified that if Kolkata
Kolkata
were to win at least one bid that the new Kolkata
Kolkata
side would have to play away from the city for only two seasons.[40] A month later, on 12 June, it was announced that I-League
I-League
side, Bengaluru, and Tata Steel
Tata Steel
(for Jamshedpur) had won the bidding for the new teams.[41] On 22 September 2017, the league announced officially that it would be expanding its season by two months, thus making the league last for five months instead of three. The league would also go from having matches played daily to being played between Wednesday and Sunday.[42] Competition format[edit] From the 2017–18 season, the Indian Super League
Indian Super League
will run from November to March.[2] Unlike previous seasons, matches will only take place between Wednesday and Sunday each week, instead of daily.[42] Despite the increased number of teams, the finals will still run the same way they did previous seasons.[42] Prior to the 2017–18 season, the league ran from October to December. The regular season would begin in October and end by early December while the finals would take place within the next two to three weeks.[43] The regular season would be fourteen matches long, with each team playing each other twice.[44] The top four sides at the end qualify for the finals. The first round of the finals sees the first placed team take on the fourth placed team while the second placed team faces the third.[44] During the finals, the first round is played in a two-legged format with both teams playing each other at their home venues. At the end of the two matches, the team which leads on aggregate would move on to the final.[44] The final is a single-leg match which takes place in a neutral venue. If scores were tied on aggregate in the first round or in the final, 30 minutes of extra time would be used to determine the winner and finally, if still tied, penalties.[44] Teams[edit]

ATK

Bengaluru

Chennaiyin

Goa

Jamshedpur

Mumbai
Mumbai
City

Pune
Pune
City

NorthEast United

Delhi
Delhi
Dynamos

Kerala
Kerala
Blasters

Locations of the ISL Teams

Currently, the Indian Super League
Indian Super League
consists of ten teams from nine different states in India.[45] Unlike other football leagues, the ISL does not use promotion and relegation but instead uses expansion like Major League Soccer
Major League Soccer
of the United States. The league features two main derbies which include the Southern derby between Chennaiyin and the Kerala
Kerala
Blasters, and the Maharashtra
Maharashtra
derby between Mumbai
Mumbai
City and Pune
Pune
City.[46] In 2017, the league added two new clubs for the first time when Bengaluru and Jamshedpur
Jamshedpur
expanded in.[45] As of the 2016 season, each team could have a maximum of twenty-five players on their roster and a minimum of twenty-two.[47] A maximum of eleven players could be foreign with a minimum requirement of eight per team.[47] Each team were also made to sign at least one marquee player who must have been league approved. The rest of the players must be domestic Indian players, two of which must be developmental under-23 players.[47]

Club City Stadium Capacity Joined Head coach

ATK Kolkata, West Bengal Salt Lake Stadium 7004680120000000000♠68,012[48] 2014 Robbie Keane
Robbie Keane
(Player-coach)

Bengaluru Bangalore, Karnataka Sree Kanteerava Stadium 7004258100000000000♠25,810[49] 2017 Albert Roca

Chennaiyin Chennai, Tamil Nadu Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium 7004196910000000000♠19,691[50] 2014 John Gregory

Delhi
Delhi
Dynamos Delhi Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium 7004320000000000000♠32,000[51] 2014 Miguel Ángel Portugal

Goa Margao, Goa Fatorda Stadium 7004186000000000000♠18,600[52] 2014 Sergio Lobera

Jamshedpur Jamshedpur, Jharkhand JRD Tata Sports Complex 7004244240000000000♠24,424[53] 2017 Steve Coppell

Kerala
Kerala
Blasters Kochi, Kerala Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium 7004380860000000000♠38,086[54] 2014 David James

Mumbai
Mumbai
City Mumbai, Maharashtra Mumbai
Mumbai
Football Arena 7003930000000000000♠9,300[55] 2014 Alexandre Guimarães

NorthEast United Guwahati, Assam Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium 7004236270000000000♠23,627[56] 2014 Avram Grant

Pune
Pune
City Pune, Maharashtra Balewadi Stadium 7004102370000000000♠10,237[57] 2014 Ranko Popović

Organization[edit] Ownership[edit] See also: List of Indian Super League
Indian Super League
owners Just like the Indian Premier League, the Indian Super League
Indian Super League
has a similar ownership model where the teams are owned by prominent businessmen, as well as celebrity owners from bollywood and cricket.[58] The Indian Super League
Indian Super League
owners act as the league's "League Partners".[59] British professional services group, Ernst & Young, were hired to draw up a criteria for the team bidding process and they were required to approve the potential owners.[59] In April 2014 the owners were announced. Bollywood
Bollywood
stars such as Ranbir Kapoor, John Abraham, and Salman Khan
Salman Khan
were bid winners, as well as cricket stars Sachin Tendulkar
Sachin Tendulkar
and Sourav Ganguly.[59] Football clubs such as Atlético Madrid
Atlético Madrid
and Shillong Lajong were also bid winners.[59] Despite careful selection, the Indian Super League
Indian Super League
has had trouble in the past with team ownership. In August 2014, two months before the inaugural season, Sun Group, the owners of the Bangalore
Bangalore
franchise, dropped out of the league after the league rejected their potential tie-up with then I-League
I-League
club Bengaluru FC.[60] Later that month, it was announced that another Bollywood
Bollywood
star, Abhishek Bachchan, would take over the last franchise spot and move the team from Bangalore
Bangalore
to Chennai.[61] The league had its first ownership switch within a team on 1 June 2016 when the Kerala
Kerala
Blasters announced their new ownership structure. Along with Sachin Tendulkar, the team bought in businessman Nimmagadda Prasad and film stars Allu Aravind, Chiranjeevi, and Akkineni Nagarjuna after PVP Ventures withdrew their stake in the team.[62] Stadiums[edit]

The Salt Lake Stadium
Salt Lake Stadium
hosted the first ever ISL match in October 2014.

Since the league began in 2014, there have been a variety of stadiums used to host matches. Two stadiums, the DY Patil Stadium
DY Patil Stadium
in Navi Mumbai
Mumbai
and the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Kochi, are mainly used as cricket stadiums.[63] Three other stadiums are athletic stadiums which are primarily used to host football matches in the I-League: the Fatorda Stadium
Fatorda Stadium
in Goa, the Salt Lake Stadium
Salt Lake Stadium
in Kolkata, and the Balewadi Stadium
Balewadi Stadium
in Pune. Three other venues were used which don't primarily host top-tier professional football: the Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium in Assam, the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Chennai, and the Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium in Delhi.[63] For the 2016 season, two new stadiums were used in the league, the Mumbai
Mumbai
Football Arena in Mumbai
Mumbai
and the Rabindra Sarobar Stadium in Kolkata. The Mumbai
Mumbai
Football Arena replaced the DY Patil Stadium
DY Patil Stadium
for Mumbai
Mumbai
City.[64] ATK moved to the Rabindra Sarobar Stadium after the Salt Lake Stadium
Salt Lake Stadium
was being renovated for the 2017 FIFA
FIFA
U-17 World Cup.[65] Sponsorship and revenues[edit] On 18 July 2014, it was announced that Hero MotoCorp
Hero MotoCorp
would be the first title sponsor of the Indian Super League.[66] The deal is scheduled to last for three-years from 2014 to 2016.[66] On 30 September 2014, a week before the first season, it was announced that German sports manufacture, Puma SE, would be the official ball supplier of the Indian Super League.[67] The company provides balls for matches and training sessions.[67] The league relies heavily on a central sponsorship pool. League stakeholders, Star Sports
Star Sports
and IMG–Reliance, manage the central sponsorship pool and market the league to potential investors and sponsors.[68] Twenty percent of the money gained in the central sponsorship pool goes towards organizing the league while the rest is divided among the teams. Despite successfully gaining a lot of money through central sponsorship in 2014, 100% of the revenues were used by the league to improve infrastructure and facilities, which meant that the teams lost money during the first season.[68] The next season saw a change, however, with the central sponsorship pool doubling to around 100 crore due to new league–wide sponsorships with corporates such as Flipkart
Flipkart
and DHL Express. Teams were also able to increase their intake in sponsorships in 2015 with shirt sponsorship deals worth double from the previous season and around nine advertisements allowed on team kits.[68] Teams in the league had also signed shirt manufacturing sponsorship deals with companies such as Adidas
Adidas
and Puma.[68] For the 2016 season, it was projected that the league would gain more sponsors compared to the previous season, especially since the league would occur during the Indian festive periods.[69] For kit sponsorships, each team is allowed to have six sponsorships on the kit, with teams like ATK regularly filling those spots.[70] On 23 July 2017 it was announced that Hero MotoCorp
Hero MotoCorp
would extend their deal as the title sponsors of the Indian Super League
Indian Super League
for another three-years.[71] The company would spend $25 million on the league during those three years according to Nita Ambani, the league chairperson.[71] Trophy[edit] The Indian Super League
Indian Super League
trophy was unveiled on 5 October 2014, by Nita Ambani, the founder and chairperson of Football Sports Development.[72] At the trophy unveiling occasion, Mrs. Ambani said, "It's a momentous day for all of us today as I stand along with the world's footballing legends to unveil the pride of Indian Super League. As these role models have inspired hundreds of thousands of players worldwide, I am sure the ISL trophy will also stand as a symbol of aspiration for many youngsters in an emergent India".[72] Designed by Frazer and Haws, the trophy stands 26 inches tall. The logo on the top band has the ISL colours assigned to it and the handles are ornately carved and embellished with 24 carats gold gilt to imbue a sense of pride, when held up.[72] Media coverage[edit] With Star Sports
Star Sports
being one of the organizers of the Indian Super League, they also serve as the official broadcasters of the league in India.[73] The goal of Star Sports
Star Sports
for the league was to "use its superior content creation, packaging and presentation expertise to attract and retain viewer interest."[73] In September 2014 it was announced that Star Sports
Star Sports
would broadcast the ISL through eight channels in five different languages in an attempt to reach 85% of the Indian television audience, the first of its kind in Indian sporting history.[74] The first match of the Indian Super League, between Atlético de Kolkata
Kolkata
and Mumbai
Mumbai
City on 12 October 2014, reportedly drew a television audience of 75 million people.[75] The first week reportedly drew 170 million people in total. These numbers were 12 times more than what India
India
drew for the 2014 FIFA
FIFA
World Cup and around 20-30 times more than what the I-League, India's other top-tier football league, drew on TEN Action
TEN Action
and even the Premier League.[75] Overall, at the end of the first season, it was reported that the ISL drew a total of 429 million viewers across India, just a bit lower than the Pro Kabaddi
Pro Kabaddi
League, and two and a half times more than the FIFA
FIFA
World Cup.[76] It was also reported that 57% of the viewers were women and children and that the STAR Sports website gained 32 million visits during the tournament.[76] The league experienced a sharp growth in ratings after the 2016 season with over 216 million viewers on television throughout.[77] The 2016 final between ATK and the Kerala
Kerala
Blasters reportedly drew 41 million viewers which was a 41% increase on the number of viewers who saw the 2015 final between Chennaiyin and Goa.[77] Ratings in rural India meanwhile drew 101 million viewers.[77] International Broadcasters[edit]

As of 10 October 2017.[78]

Territory Broadcaster

India Star Sports

MENA Abu Dhabi Media

Sub-Saharan Africa Fox Africa

Australia Fox Sports (Australia)

Brazil Turner Broadcasting System

Bulgaria Mtel Sport

Germany/Austria/Switzerland Perform Group/DAZN

Turkey Saran

United Kingdom
United Kingdom
& Ireland BritAsia TV

League championships[edit] Finals results[edit]

Season Date Winner Score Runners–up Venue Attendance Hero of the League Semi-finalists

2014 20 December Atlético de Kolkata 1–0 Kerala
Kerala
Blasters DY Patil Stadium 36,484 Iain Hume Chennaiyin, Goa

2015 20 December Chennaiyin 3–2 Goa Fatorda Stadium 18,477 Stiven Mendoza Atlético de Kolkata, Delhi
Delhi
Dynamos

2016 18 December Atlético de Kolkata 1–1 (4–3) Kerala
Kerala
Blasters Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium 54,146 Florent Malouda Delhi
Delhi
Dynamos, Mumbai
Mumbai
City

2017–18 17 March Chennaiyin 3–2 Bengaluru Sree Kanteerava Stadium 25,753 Sunil Chhetri Goa, Pune
Pune
City

Championships by team[edit]

Championships Team Years

2 ATK 2014, 2016

2 Chennaiyin 2015, 2018

Player records[edit] See also: List of Indian Super League
Indian Super League
records and statistics Statistics below are for all-time leaders as of the end of the 2017–18 season.

Goals

Rank Player Years Goals[79]

1 Iain Hume 2014– 28

2 Jeje Lalpekhlua 2014– 23

3 Sunil Chhetri 2015– 21

4 Coro 2017– 18

Marcelinho 2016– 18

6 Kalu Uche 2015, 2017– 17

7 Stiven Mendoza 2014–2015 16

8 Miku 2017– 15

9 Emiliano Alfaro 2016– 14

10 Manuel Lanzarote 2017– 13

Matches played

Rank Player Years Matches[80]

1 Iain Hume 2014– 59

2 Sandesh Jhingan 2014– 58

3 Mandar Rao Desai 2014– 57

4 Narayan Das 2014– 55

Subrata Pal 2014– 55

6 Jeje Lalpekhlua 2014– 54

7 Souvik Chakraborty 2014– 53

8 Mehrajuddin Wadoo 2014– 51

9 Mehtab Hossain 2014– 50

Jonatan Lucca 2015– 50

See also[edit]

All India
India
Football Federation I-League National Football League

References[edit]

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Kerala
Blasters 1-0 to win title". Times of India. 20 December 2014. Retrieved 5 May 2015.  ^ a b "For us there is one league and it is the I-League: FIFA". Rediff. 16 October 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ a b Countinho, Austin (30 October 2016). "ISL could create the next football revolution. But first, there's a lot of work to be done". FirstPost. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ Judge, Shahid (9 June 2017). "Players push for simulataneous ISL, I-League". Indian Express. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ Sen, Debayan (12 June 2017). "Monday night football: ISL 1, I-League 0". ESPN. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ Bali, Rahul (10 June 2017). "STEPHEN CONSTANTINE: ISL, I-LEAGUE RUNNING PARALLELY IS BEST FOR INDIA". Goal.com. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ a b Mergulhao, Marcus (18 May 2016). " I-League
I-League
is dead, long live the ISL: AIFF". Times of India. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ a b "Still no consensus on ISL, I-League
I-League
merger despite high-profile meet". Times of India. 7 June 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ a b "ISL gets official recognition from AFC, becomes second national football league". FirstPost. 28 June 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ "AFC COMPETITIONS COMMITTEE'S DECISIONS PUBLISHED". The Asian Football Confederation. 25 July 2017. Retrieved 13 August 2017.  ^ a b c " Indian Super League
Indian Super League
to invite bids for new teams". Times of India. 11 May 2017. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "ISL expanded to 10 teams, Bengaluru FC
Bengaluru FC
one of them". Times of India. 12 June 2017. Retrieved 13 June 2017.  ^ a b c " Indian Super League
Indian Super League
2017-18 full schedule: ATK vs Kerala Blasters in ISL opener". Hindustan Times. 22 September 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2017.  ^ Biswas, Sudipta (20 July 2017). " Indian Super League
Indian Super League
2017-18 Season to be Six-Month Long: Sources". India.com. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b c d Ullal, Naveen (2 October 2015). "ISL 2015: All you need to know about Indian Super League". IB Times. Retrieved 4 July 2016.  ^ a b "Extended league will help ISL connect with fans better: Nita Ambani". Times of India. 21 July 2017. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ "Looking at the biggest rivalries in the Indian Super League". SportsKeeda. 22 October 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2016.  ^ a b c "ISL Governing Council presents regulations for player retention". Indian Super League. 9 March 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2016.  ^ "Salt Lake Stadium". Indian Super League.  ^ "Sree Kanteerava Stadium". Indian Super League.  ^ "Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Chennai". ISL. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Delhi". Indian Super League.  ^ "Fatorda Stadium". ISL. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "JRD Tata Sports Complex, Jamshedpur". ISL. Retrieved 12 November 2017.  ^ "Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, Kochi". ISL. Retrieved 12 November 2017.  ^ " Mumbai
Mumbai
Football Arena". Indian Super League. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "Indira Gandhi Athletic Stadium". ISL. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ "Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex". ISL. Retrieved 31 May 2017.  ^ Reevell, Patrick (27 November 2014). "With a New League, a Sport's Sleeping Giant Begins to Stir". New York Times. Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ a b c d " Indian Super League
Indian Super League
Announces New Franchise Owners in Its Journey to Revolutionize Indian Football". IMG. 14 April 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ Mergulhao, Marcus (13 August 2014). "Now, Sun Group opts out of Indian Super League". Times of India. Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ " Abhishek Bachchan
Abhishek Bachchan
unveiled as ISL's Chennai
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franchise owner". Times of India. 28 August 2014. Retrieved 13 May 2015.  ^ Rajan, Adwaidh (2 June 2016). " Kerala
Kerala
Blasters' new owners try to strike a chord". New Indian Express. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  ^ a b Gupta, Harsh (3 October 2014). "Home stadiums of the eight franchisees in the Indian Super League". SportsKeeda. Retrieved 31 May 2015.  ^ "ISL 2016: Mumbai
Mumbai
City FC to shift base from DY Patil Stadium
DY Patil Stadium
to Andheri Sports Complex". FirstPost. 26 August 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ Noronha, Anselm (21 August 2016). "Atletico de Kolkata
Kolkata
get a new home ground for ISL 2016". Goal.com. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b "Hero named title sponsor of Indian Super League". Times of India. 18 July 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2015.  ^ a b "Puma to provide ISL match balls". The Hindu. 30 September 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2015.  ^ a b c d Dhar, Pulasta (3 October 2015). "Central sponsorship doubles to Rs 100 cr as 2015 promises better football, bigger battles". FirstPost. Retrieved 5 July 2016.  ^ Menon, Bendu (4 October 2016). "More brands back ISL in Season 3". The Hindu Businessline. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ " Indian Super League
Indian Super League
2016 ropes in 10 sponsors; teams get deal renewals". Exchange4Media. 6 October 2016. Retrieved 15 August 2017.  ^ a b Laghate, Gaurav (23 July 2017). " Hero MotoCorp
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Indian Super League
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Indian Super League
football teams". Indian Television. 3 March 2014. Retrieved 31 May 2015.  ^ " Indian Super League
Indian Super League
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External links[edit]

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Domestic association football season Geography of as

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