The Info List - Hyde Park, London

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Hyde Park is a Grade I-listed major park in Central London. It is the largest of four Royal Parks that form a chain from the entrance of Kensington Palace
Kensington Palace
through Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
and Hyde Park, via Hyde Park Corner and Green Park
Green Park
past the main entrance to Buckingham Palace. The park is divided by the Serpentine and the Long Water. The park was established by Henry VIII in 1536 when he took the land from Westminster Abbey
Westminster Abbey
and used it as a hunting ground. It opened to the public in 1637 and quickly became popular, particularly for May Day parades. Major improvements occurred in the early 18th century under the direction of Queen Caroline. Several duels took place in Hyde Park during this time, often involving members of the nobility. The Great Exhibition
The Great Exhibition
of 1851 was held in the park, for which The Crystal Palace, designed by Joseph Paxton, was erected. Free speech
Free speech
and demonstrations have been a key feature of Hyde Park since the 19th century. Speaker's Corner
Speaker's Corner
has been established as a point of free speech and debate since 1872, while the Chartists, the Reform League, the suffragettes, and the Stop the War Coalition have all held protests there. In the late 20th century, the park became known for holding large-scale free rock music concerts, featuring groups such as Pink Floyd, The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
and Queen. Commercial concerts have continued into the 21st century, such as Live 8
Live 8
in 2005.


1 Geography 2 History

2.1 Early history 2.2 16th–17th centuries 2.3 18th century 2.4 19th–21st centuries

3 Grand Entrance 4 Features

4.1 Botany 4.2 Statues and sculptures

5 Debates 6 Concerts 7 Sports 8 Transport 9 References 10 External links

Geography[edit] Hyde Park is the largest Royal Park in London. It is bounded on the north by Bayswater Road, to the east by Park Lane, and to the south by Knightsbridge. Further north is Paddington, further east is Mayfair and further south is Belgravia.[2] To the southeast, outside the park, is Hyde Park Corner, beyond which is Green Park, St. James' Park
St. James' Park
and Buckingham Palace
Buckingham Palace
Gardens.[3] The park has been Grade I listed on the Register of Historic Parks and Gardens since 1987.[4] To the west, Hyde Park merges with Kensington Gardens. The dividing line runs approximately between Alexandra Gate to Victoria Gate via West Carriage Drive and the Serpentine Bridge. The Serpentine is to the south of the park area.[2] Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
has been separate from Hyde Park since 1728, when Queen Caroline divided them. Hyde Park covers 142 hectares (350 acres),[5] and Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
covers 111 hectares (275 acres),[6] giving a total area of 253 hectares (625 acres).[a] During daylight, the two parks merge seamlessly into each other, but Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
closes at dusk, and Hyde Park remains open throughout the year from 5 a.m. until midnight.[3] History[edit] Early history[edit] The park's name comes from the Manor of Hyde, which was the northeast sub-division of the manor of Eia
(the other two sub-divisions were Ebury and Neyte) and appears as such in the Domesday Book.[7] The name is believed to be of Saxon origin, and means a unit of land, the hide, that was appropriate for the support of a single family and dependents.[8] Through the Middle Ages, it was property of Westminster Abbey, and the woods in the manor were used both for firewood and shelter for game.[7] 16th–17th centuries[edit] Hyde Park was created for hunting by Henry Vlll in 1536 after he acquired the manor of Hyde from the Abbey.[9] It was enclosed as a deer park and remained a private hunting ground until James I permitted limited access to gentlefolk,[10] appointing a ranger to take charge. Charles I created the Ring (north of the present Serpentine boathouses), and in 1637 he opened the park to the general public.[11] It quickly became a popular gathering place, particularly for May Day
May Day
celebrations. At the start of the English Civil War
English Civil War
in 1642, a series of fortifications were built along the east side of the park, including forts at what is now Marble Arch, Mount Street and Hyde Park Corner. The latter included a strongpoint where visitors to London
could be checked and vetted.[2] In 1652, during the Interregnum, Parliament ordered the then 620-acre (250 ha) park to be sold for "ready money". It realised £17,000 with an additional £765 6s 2d for the resident deer.[12][13] During the Great Plague of London
in 1665, Hyde Park was used as a military camp.[2] Following the Restoration of the Monarchy in 1660, Charles II retook ownership of Hyde Park and enclosed it in a brick wall. He restocked deer in what is now Buck Hill in Kensington Gardens. The May Day parade continued to be a popular event; Samuel Pepys
Samuel Pepys
took part in the park's celebrations in 1663 while attempting to gain the King's favour.[14] 18th century[edit]

The Hamilton–Mohun Duel
of 1712. Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun fighting James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton
in Hyde Park; both lost their lives.

In 1689, William III moved his residence to Kensington Palace
Kensington Palace
on the far side of Hyde Park and had a drive laid out across its southern edge which was known as the King's Private Road. The drive is still in existence as a wide straight gravelled carriage track leading west from Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
across the southern boundary of Hyde Park towards Kensington Palace
Kensington Palace
and now known as Rotten Row, possibly a corruption of rotteran (to muster),[7] Ratten Row (roundabout way), Route du roi, or rotten (the soft material with which the road is covered).[15] It is believed to be the first road in London
to be lit at night, which was done to deter highwaymen. In 1749, Horace Walpole was robbed while travelling through the park from Holland House.[16] The row was used by the wealthy for horseback rides in the early 19th century.[17] Hyde Park was a popular duelling spot during the 18th century, with 172 taking place, leading to 63 fatalities.[18] The Hamilton–Mohun Duel
took place there in 1712 when Charles Mohun, 4th Baron Mohun fought James Hamilton, 4th Duke of Hamilton. Baron Mohun was killed instantly, while the Duke died shortly afterwards. John Wilkes
John Wilkes
fought Samuel Martin in 1772, as did Richard Brinsley Sheridan
Richard Brinsley Sheridan
with Captain Thomas Mathews over the latter's libellous comments about Sheridan's fiancee Elizabeth Ann Linley. Edward Thurlow, 1st Baron Thurlow
Edward Thurlow, 1st Baron Thurlow
fought Andrew Stuart in a Hyde Park duel in 1770.[16] Military executions were common in Hyde Park at this time; John Rocque's Map of London, 1746 marks a point inside the park, close to the Tyburn gallows, as "where soldiers are shot."[19][b]

Hyde Park c. 1833: Rotten Row
Rotten Row
is "The King's Private Road"

The first coherent landscaping in Hyde Park began in 1726. It was undertaken by Charles Bridgeman
Charles Bridgeman
for King George I, but following the king's death the following year, it continued with approval of his daughter-in-law, Queen Caroline.[16][21] Work was undertaken under the supervision of Charles Withers, the Surveyor-General of Woods and Forests. The principal effect of the work was to sub-divide Hyde Park and create Kensington Gardens.[22][c] The Serpentine was formed by damming the River Westbourne, which runs through the park from Kilburn towards the Thames. It is divided from the Long Water by a bridge designed by George Rennie in 1826.[16] The work was completed in 1733. The 2nd Viscount Weymouth was made Ranger of Hyde Park in 1739 and shortly after began digging the Serpentine lakes at Longleat.[23] A powder magazine was built north of the Serpentine in 1805.[16] 19th–21st centuries[edit]

Hyde Park, drawn by Camille Pissarro, 1890

Hyde Park hosted a Great Fair in the summer of 1814 to celebrate the Allied sovereigns' visit to England, and exhibited various stalls and shows. The Battle of Trafalgar
Battle of Trafalgar
was re-enacted on the Serpentine, with a band playing the National Anthem while the French fleet sank into the lake. The coronation of King George IV in 1821 was celebrated with a fair in the park, including an air balloon and firework displays.[16] One of the most important events to take place in Hyde Park was the Great Exhibition of 1851. The Crystal Palace
The Crystal Palace
was constructed on the south side of the park.[16] The public did not want the building to remain after the closure of the exhibition, and its architect, Joseph Paxton, raised funds and purchased it. He had it moved to Sydenham Hill in South London.[24] Another significant event was the first Victoria Cross
Victoria Cross
investiture, on 26 June 1857, when 62 men were decorated by Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in the presence of Prince Albert and other members of the Royal Family, including their future son-in-law Crown Prince Frederick of Prussia, later Emperor Frederick III.[25] The Hyde Park Lido sits on the south bank of the Serpentine. It opened in 1930 to provide improved support for bathing and sunbathing in the park, which had been requested by the naturist group, the Sunlight League. The Lido and accompanying Pavilion was designed by the Commissioner of Works, George Lansbury, and was partly funded by a £5,000 (now £290,000) donation from D'Arcy Cooper. It still sees regular use in the summer into the 21st century.[26][27] Hyde Park has been a major venue for several Royal jubilees and celebrations. For the Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria
in 1887, a party was organised on 22 June where around 26,000 school children were given a free meal as a gift. The Queen and the Prince of Wales made an unexpected appearance at the event. Victoria remained fond of Hyde Park in the final years of her life and often drove there twice a day.[28] As part of the Queen's Silver Jubilee in 1977, a Jubilee Exhibition was set up in Hyde Park,[27] with the Queen and Prince Philip visiting on 30 June.[29] In 2012, a major festival took place in the park as part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee celebrations.[30] On 6 February, the King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
King's Troop, Royal Horse Artillery
fired a 41-gun Royal Salute at Hyde Park Corner.[31]

The Winter Wonderland festival has been a popular Christmas event in Hyde Park since 2007.

On 20 July 1982, in the Hyde Park and Regents Park bombings, two devices linked to the Provisional Irish Republican Army
Provisional Irish Republican Army
caused the death of eight members of the Household Cavalry
Household Cavalry
and the Royal Green Jackets and seven horses.[32] A memorial was constructed to the left of the Albert Gate to commemorate the soldiers and horses killed in the blast.[33] Since 2007, Hyde Park has played host to the annual Winter Wonderland event, which features numerous Christmas-themed markets, along with various rides and attractions, alongside bars and restaurants. It has become one of the largest Christmas events in Europe, having attracted over 14 million visitors as of 2016,[34][35] and has expanded to include the largest ice rink in London, live entertainment and circuses.[36] On 18 September 2010, Hyde Park was the setting for a prayer vigil with Pope Benedict XVI
Pope Benedict XVI
as part of his visit to the United Kingdom, attended by around 80,000 people. A large crowd assembled along the Mall to see the Pope arrive for his address.[37][38] An attempt to assassinate the Pope had been foiled after five street cleaners were spotted within a mile of Hyde Park, and arrested along with sixth suspect.[39] Grand Entrance[edit]

Decimus Burton's Hyde Park Gate/Screen

During the late 18th century, plans were made to replace the old toll gate at Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
with a grander entrance, following the gentrification of the area surrounding it. The first design was put forward by Robert Adam
Robert Adam
in 1778 as a grand archway, followed by John Soane's 1796 proposal to build a new palace adjacent to the corner in Green Park.[40] Following the construction of Buckingham Palace, the improvement plans were revisited. The grand entrance to the park at Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
was designed by Decimus Burton, and was constructed in the 1820s.[40] Burton laid out the paths and driveways and designed a series of lodges, the Screen/Gate at Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
(also known as the Grand Entrance or the Apsley Gate) in 1825[16] and the Wellington Arch, which opened in 1828.[41] The Screen and the Arch originally formed a single composition, designed to provide a monumental transition between Hyde Park and Green Park, although the arch was moved in 1883. It originally had a statue of the Duke of Wellington on top; it was moved to Aldershot
in 1883 when the arch was re-sited.[41]

Decimus Burton's Wellington Arch, Hyde Park Corner

An early description reports:

"It consists of a screen of handsome fluted Ionic columns, with three carriage entrance archways, two foot entrances, a lodge, etc. The extent of the whole frontage is about 107 ft (33 m). The central entrance has a bold projection: the entablature is supported by four columns; and the volutes of the capitals of the outside column on each side of the gateway are formed in an angular direction, so as to exhibit two complete faces to view. The two side gateways, in their elevations, present two insulated Ionic columns, flanked by antae. All these entrances are finished by a blocking, the sides of the central one being decorated with a beautiful frieze, representing a naval and military triumphal procession. This frieze was designed by Mr. Henning, junior, the son of Mr. Henning who was well known for his models of the Elgin Marbles. The gates were manufactured by Messrs. Bramah. They are of iron, bronzed, and fixed or hung to the piers by rings of gun-metal. The design consists of a beautiful arrangement of the Greek honeysuckle ornament; the parts being well defined, and the raffles of the leaves brought out in a most extraordinary manner."[42]

The Wellington Arch
Wellington Arch
was extensively restored by English Heritage between 1999–2001. It is now open to the public, who can see a view of the parks from its platforms above the porticoes.[41] Features[edit]

The 7 July Memorial
7 July Memorial
to the victims of the 7 July 2005 London

Popular areas within Hyde Park include Speakers' Corner
Speakers' Corner
(located in the northeast corner near Marble Arch), close to the former site of the Tyburn gallows,[43] and Rotten Row, which is the northern boundary of the site of the Crystal Palace.[3] Botany[edit] Flowers were first planted in Hyde Park in 1860 by William Andrews Nesfield. The next year, the Italian Water Garden was constructed at Victoria Gate, including fountains and a summer house. Queen Anne's Alcove was designed by Sir Christopher Wren
Christopher Wren
and was moved to the park from its original location in Kensington Gardens.[16] During the late 20th century, over 9,000 elm trees in Hyde Park were killed by Dutch elm disease. This included many trees along the great avenues planted by Queen Caroline, which were ultimately replaced by limes and maples.[40][44] The park now holds 4 acres (1.6 ha) of greenhouses which hold the bedding plants for the Royal Parks. A scheme is available to adopt trees in the park, which helps fund their upkeep and maintenance.[40] A botanical curiosity is the weeping beech, which is known as "the upside-down tree".[45] A rose garden, designed by Colvin & Moggridge Landscape Architects, was added in 1994.[46] Statues and sculptures[edit] See also: List of public art in Hyde Park, London

Jacob Epstein's Rima sculpture in Hyde Park

There are a number of assorted statues and memorials around Hyde Park. The Cavalry Memorial was built in 1924 at Stanhope Gate. It moved to the Serpentine Road when Park Lane
Park Lane
was widened to traffic in 1961.[47] South of the Serpentine is the Diana, Princess of Wales memorial, an oval stone ring fountain opened on 6 July 2004.[48] To the east of the Serpentine, just beyond the dam, is London's Holocaust Memorial.[49] The 7 July Memorial
7 July Memorial
in the park commemorates the victims of 7 July 2005 London
bombings.[50] The Standing Stone is a 7-tonne (7.7-ton) monolith at the centre of the Dell, to the east of Hyde Park. Made of Cornish stone, it was originally part of a drinking fountain, though an urban legend was established, claiming it was brought from Stonehenge
by Charles I.[40] An assortment of unusual sculptures are scattered around the park, including: Still Water, a massive horse head lapping up water; Jelly Baby Family, a family of giant Jelly Babies
Jelly Babies
standing on top of a large black cube; and Vroom Vroom, which resembles a giant human hand pushing a toy car along the ground.[51] The sculptor Jacob Epstein constructed several works in Hyde Park. His memorial to the author William Henry Hudson, featuring his character Rima caused public outrage when it was unveiled in 1925.[16] There has been a fountain at Grosvenor Gate since 1863, designed by Alexander Munro. There is another fountain opposite Mount Street on the park's eastern edge.[16] Debates[edit]

A Protestant Christian protesting at Speakers' Corner
Speakers' Corner
in 2010

Hyde Park's Speakers' Corner
Speakers' Corner
has acquired an international reputation for demonstrations and other protests[52] due to its tolerance of free speech.[53] In 1855, a protest at the park was organised to demonstrate against Robert Grosvenor's attempt to ban Sunday trading, including a restriction on pub opening times. Karl Marx
Karl Marx
observed approximately 200,000 protesters attended the demonstration, which involved jeering and taunting at upper-class horse carriages. A further protest occurred a week later, but this time the police attacked the crowd.[54] In 1867 the policing of the park was entrusted to the Metropolitan Police, the only royal park so managed, due to the potential for trouble at Speakers' Corner. A Metropolitan Police station ('AH') is situated in the middle of the park. The 1872 Parks Regulation Act created positions of "park keeper" and also provided that "Every police constable belonging to the police force of the district in which any park, garden, or possession to which this Act applies is situate shall have the powers, privileges, and immunities of a park-keeper within such park, garden, or possession."[55]

The Free Hugs Campaign
Free Hugs Campaign
has taken place several times at Speaker's Corner.

Speaker's Corner
Speaker's Corner
became increasingly popular in the late 19th century. Visitors brought along placards, stepladders and soap boxes in order to stand out from others, while heckling of speakers was popular. Donald Soper, Baron Soper
Donald Soper, Baron Soper
was a regular visitor throughout the 20th century, until just before his death in 1998. The rise of the Internet, particularly blogs, has diminished the importance of Speaker's Corner
Speaker's Corner
as a political platform, and it is increasingly seen as simply a tourist attraction.[43] As well as Speaker's Corner, several important mass demonstrations have occurred in Hyde Park. On 26 July 1886, the Reform League staged a march from their headquarters towards the park, campaigning for increased suffrage and representation. Though the police had closed the park, the crowd managed to break down the perimeter railings and get inside, leading to the event being dubbed "The Hyde Park Railings Affair". After the protests turned violent, three squadrons of Horse Guards and numerous Foot Guards were sent out from Marble Arch
Marble Arch
to combat the situation.[56] On 21 June 1908, as part of "Women's Sunday", a reported 750,000 people marched from the Embankment to Hyde Park protesting for votes for women. The first protest against the planned 2003 invasion of Iraq
2003 invasion of Iraq
took place in Hyde Park on 28 September 2002, with 150,000–350,000 in attendance.[57] A further series of demonstrations happened around the world, culminating in the 15 February 2003, anti-war protests, part of a global demonstration against the Iraq War.[58] Over a million protesters are reported to have attended the Hyde Park event alone.[57] Concerts[edit] See also: List of concerts in Hyde Park The bandstand in Hyde Park was originally built in Kensington Gardens in 1869, moving to its current location in 1886. It became a popular place for concerts in the 1890s, featuring up to three every week. Military and brass bands continued to play into the 20th century.[59]

Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
performing at Live 8
Live 8
in Hyde Park, 2 July 2005, their last of several gigs at the park over their career

The music management company Blackhill Enterprises held the first rock concert in Hyde Park on 29 June 1968, attended by 15,000 people. On the bill were Pink Floyd, Roy Harper and Jethro Tull, while John Peel later said it was "the nicest concert I’ve ever been to". Subsequently, Hyde Park has featured some of the most significant concerts in rock. The supergroup Blind Faith
Blind Faith
(featuring Eric Clapton and Steve Winwood) played their debut gig in Hyde Park on 7 June 1969. The Rolling Stones
The Rolling Stones
headlined a concert (later released as The Stones in the Park) on 5 July that year, two days after the death of founding member Brian Jones, and is now remembered as one of the most famous gigs of the 1960s. Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
returned to Hyde Park on 18 July 1970, playing new material from Atom Heart Mother. All of the early gigs from 1968–71 were free events, contrasting sharply with the later commercial endeavours.[60] Queen played a free concert organised by Richard Branson
Richard Branson
in the park on 18 September 1976, partway through recording the album A Day at the Races. The band drew an audience of 150,000 – 200,000, which remains the largest crowd for a Hyde Park concert. The group were not allowed to play an encore, and police threatened to arrest frontman Freddie Mercury if he attempted to do so.[61] The British Live 8
Live 8
concert took place in Hyde Park on 2 July 2005, as a concert organised by Bob Geldof
Bob Geldof
and Midge Ure
Midge Ure
to raise awareness of increased debts and poverty in the third world. Acts included U2, Coldplay, Elton John, R.E.M., Madonna, The Who
The Who
and Paul McCartney, and the most anticipated set was the reformation of the classic 1970s line-up of Pink Floyd
Pink Floyd
(including David Gilmour
David Gilmour
and Roger Waters) for the first time since 1981.[62] The gig was the Floyd's final live performance.[63] Acts from each of the four nations in the UK played a gig in the park as part of the opening ceremony for the 2012 Summer Olympics. The headliners were Duran Duran, representing England, alongside the Stereophonics
for Wales, Paolo Nutini
Paolo Nutini
for Scotland and Snow Patrol
Snow Patrol
for Northern Ireland.[64] Since 2011, Radio 2 Live in Hyde Park
Radio 2 Live in Hyde Park
has taken place each September.[65] Local residents have become critical of Hyde Park as a concert venue, due to the sound levels, and have campaigned for a maximum sound level of 73 decibels.[66] In June 2012, Bruce Springsteen
Bruce Springsteen
and Paul McCartney found their microphones switched off after Springsteen had played a three-hour set during the Park's Hard Rock Calling festival, and overshot the 10:30pm curfew time.[67] Sports[edit] Hyde Park contains several sporting facilities, including several football pitches and a Tennis
centre. There are numerous cycle paths, and horse riding is popular.[68] In 1998 British artist Marion Coutts recreated Hyde Park, along with Battersea and Regent's Park, as a set of asymmetrical ping-pong tables for her interactive installation Fresh Air.[69] For the 2012 Summer Olympics, the park hosted the triathlon, which brothers Alistair Brownlee
Alistair Brownlee
and Jonathan Brownlee
Jonathan Brownlee
took the Gold and Bronze medals[70] for Team GB, and the 10 km open water swimming events.[71] The park has also hosted the ITU World Triathlon Grand Final.[72] Transport[edit]

Entrance to Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
tube station, with the Grand Entrance to the left

There are five London
Underground stations located on or near the edges of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens
Kensington Gardens
(which is contiguous with Hyde Park). In clockwise order starting from the south-east, they are:[73]

Hyde Park Corner
Hyde Park Corner
( Piccadilly
line) Knightsbridge
( Piccadilly
line) Queensway (Central line) Lancaster Gate (Central line) Marble Arch
Marble Arch
(Central line)

Bayswater tube station, on the Circle and District lines, is also close to Queensway station and the north-west corner of the park. High Street Kensington tube station, on the Circle and District is very close to Kensington Palace
Kensington Palace
located on the Southwest corner of Kensington Gardens. Paddington
station, served by Bakerloo, Circle and District, and Hammersmith & City lines, is close to Lancaster Gate station and a short walk away from Hyde Park.[73] Several main roads run around the perimeter of Hyde Park. Park Lane
Park Lane
is part of the London
Inner Ring Road and the London
Congestion Charge zone boundary. The A4, a major road through West London, runs along the southeastern edge of the park, while the A5, a major road to Milton Keynes
Milton Keynes
and the Midlands runs northwest from Marble Arch.[3] Transport within the park for people lacking mobility and disabled visitors is provided free of charge by Liberty Drives, located at Triangle Carpark.[74] References[edit] Notes

^ By comparison, the combined area of Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens is larger than the Principality of Monaco
(196 hectares or 480 acres), though smaller than the Bois de Boulogne
Bois de Boulogne
in Paris (845 hectares, or 2090 acres), New York City's Central Park
Central Park
(341 hectares or 840 acres), and Dublin's Phoenix Park
Phoenix Park
(707 hectares, or 1,750 acres). ^ This location is now where the A5 Edgware Road
Edgware Road
meets the A40 Marble Arch.[20] ^ Bridgeman was Royal Gardener 1728–38; designed the Round Pond in Kensington Gardens. Peter Willis, Charles Bridgeman
Charles Bridgeman
and the English Landscape Garden ( London
and New York) 1978, devotes a chapter to Bridgeman's Royal Commissions.


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External links[edit]


Wikimedia Commons
Wikimedia Commons
has media related to: Hyde Park, London

Official website Map showing Hyde Park and Kensington Gardens

Links to related articles

v t e

Parks and open spaces in London

Royal parks

Bushy Green Greenwich Hyde Kensington Regent's Richmond St James's

Large urban parks

Alexandra Arnos Barking Barra Hall Battersea Blackheath Brockwell Burgess Clissold Crystal Palace Dulwich Enfield Town Finsbury Forster Memorial Hampstead Heath Hanworth Holland Mayesbrook Mountsfield Old Deer Parsloes Primrose Hill Pymmes Queen's Park Ravenscourt Ruskin Southwark Valentines Victoria Wandsworth Wanstead West Ham Wimbledon

Country parks

Bayhurst Wood Bedfont Lakes Belhus Woods Eastbrookend Fairlop Waters Foots Cray Fryent Hainault Forest Havering High Elms Hornchurch Lee Valley South Norwood Stanmore Stockley Trent


Barnes Blackheath Bostall Heath Clapham Ealing East Sheen Hackney Marsh Hainault Forest Ham Hampstead Heath Hayes Keston Mitcham Monken Hadley Peckham Rye Plumstead Stanmore Streatham Sutton Tooting Tylers Wandsworth Wimbledon and Putney Winn's Woolwich Wormwood Scrubs

Village greens

Camberwell Islington Kew Newington Parsons Richmond Shepherd's Bush Turnham

Marshes and wetlands

Aveley Crayford Erith Hackney Hornchurch Ickenham Ingrebourne Leyton Rainham Tottenham Walthamstow Wennington Woodberry Wetlands WWT London
Wetland Centre


Bostall Braeburn Coldfall Copse Dulwich Epping Forest Grangewood Park Highgate Lesnes Abbey Mad Bess Old Park Oxleas Park Petts Queen's Russia Dock Sydenham Hill

House gardens

Belair Park Boston Manor Park Broomfield House Cannizaro Park Chiswick House Danson Park Grovelands Park Grove Park Gunnersbury Park Hall Place Hampton Court Park Hillingdon Court Kenwood House Lamorbey Park Langtons Manor House Gardens Marble Hill Park Morden Hall Park Morden Park Osterley Park Syon House Valence House Museum Walpole Park

Entry-fee charging

Kew Gardens London
Wetland Centre

Community gardens

Phoenix Garden Calthorpe Project

v t e

Parks and open spaces by London

Barking and Dagenham Barnet Bexley Brent Bromley Camden Croydon Ealing Enfield Greenwich Hackney Hammersmith and Fulham Haringey Harrow Havering Hillingdon Hounslow Islington Kensington and Chelsea Kingston Lambeth Lewisham Merton Newham Redbridge Richmond Southwark Sutton Tower Hamlets Waltham Forest Wandsworth City of Westminster

v t e

Venues of the 2012 Summer Olympics

Olympic Zone

Aquatics Centre Basketball Arena BMX Track Eton Manor Copper Box London
Velodrome Olympic Stadium Riverbank Arena Water Polo Arena

River Zone

ExCeL Greenwich Park North Greenwich Arena Royal Artillery Barracks

Central Zone

All England Lawn Tennis
and Croquet Club Earls Court Exhibition Centre Hampton Court Palace Horse
Guards Parade Hyde Park Lord's Marathon Course Wembley Arena Wembley Stadium

Outside London

Dorney Lake Hadleigh Farm Lee Valley White Water Centre Weymouth and Portland National Sailing Academy

Football stadia

City of Coventry Stadium Hampden Park Millennium Stadium Old Trafford St James' Park

Category Commons

v t e

Olympic venues in swimming

1896: Bay of Zea 1900: Seine 1904: Forest Park 1908: White City Stadium 1912: Djurgårdsbrunnsviken 1920: Stade Nautique d'Antwerp 1924: Piscine des Tourelles 1928: Olympic Sports Park Swim Stadium 1932: Swimming Stadium 1936: Olympic Swimming Stadium 1948: Empire Pool 1952: Swimming Stadium 1956: Swimming/Diving Stadium 1960: Stadio Olimpico del Nuoto 1964: National Gymnasium 1968: Francisco Márquez Olympic Pool 1972: Schwimmhalle, Dantebad 1976: Olympic Pool 1980: Swimming Pool - Olimpisky 1984: Olympic Swim Stadium 1988: Jamsil Indoor Swimming Pool 1992: Piscines Bernat Picornell 1996: Georgia Tech Aquatic Center 2000: Sydney International Aquatic Centre 2004: Athens Olympic Aquatic Centre 2008: Beijing National Aquatic Center, Shunyi Olympic Rowing-Canoeing Park 2012: Aquatics Centre, Hyde Park 2016: Olympic Aquatics Stadium, Fort Copacabana 2020: Odaiba Marine Park, Olympic Aquatics Centre 2024: Seine-Saint-Denis 2028: Dedeaux Field, Downtown Long Beach

v t e

Olympic venues in triathlon

2000: Sydney Opera House 2004: Vouliagmeni Olympic Centre 2008: Triathlon Venue 2012: Hyde Park 2016: Fort Copacabana 2020: Odaiba Marine Park 2024: Seine 2028: Downtown Long Beach

v t e


Buildings and structures


Albert Bridge Blackfriars Bridge Hungerford Bridge and Golden Jubilee Bridges Lambeth Bridge London
Bridge Millennium Footbridge Southwark Bridge Tower Bridge Vauxhall Bridge Waterloo Bridge Westminster Bridge

Entertainment venues


Empire, Leicester Square BFI IMAX Odeon, Leicester Square

Football stadia

Wembley Stadium
Wembley Stadium
(national stadium) Craven Cottage
Craven Cottage
(Fulham) The Den
The Den
(Millwall) Emirates Stadium
Emirates Stadium
(Arsenal) Loftus Road
Loftus Road
(Queens Park Rangers) London
Stadium (West Ham United) Selhurst Park
Selhurst Park
(Crystal Palace) Stamford Bridge (Chelsea) The Valley (Charlton Athletic) White Hart Lane
White Hart Lane
(Tottenham Hotspur)

Other major sports venues

All England Lawn Tennis
and Croquet Club The Championship Course
The Championship Course
(rowing) Crystal Palace National Sports Centre Lord's
(cricket) Queen Elizabeth Olympic Park The Oval
The Oval
(cricket) Twickenham Stadium
Twickenham Stadium


Adelphi Apollo Victoria Coliseum Criterion Dominion Lyceum Old Vic Palladium Royal National Theatre Royal Opera House Shakespeare's Globe Theatre Royal, Drury Lane Theatre Royal Haymarket Vaudeville


Alexandra Palace Brixton Academy ExCeL Hammersmith Apollo O2 Arena Royal Albert Hall Royal Festival Hall Wembley Arena


10 Downing Street Admiralty Arch Bank of England City Hall County Hall Guildhall Horse
Guards Mansion House National Archives Old Bailey Palace of Westminster Royal Courts of Justice Scotland Yard SIS Building

Museums and galleries

British Museum Cutty Sark Golden Hinde HMS Belfast Imperial War Museum Madame Tussauds Museum of London National Gallery National Maritime Museum Natural History Museum Royal Academy of Arts Royal Observatory Science Museum Tate Britain Tate Modern Tower of London Victoria and Albert Museum

Places of worship

All Hallows-by-the-Tower BAPS Shri Swaminarayan Mandir Bevis Marks Synagogue Methodist Central Hall Regent's Park
Regent's Park
Mosque St Martin-in-the-Fields St Mary-le-Bow St Paul's Cathedral Southwark Cathedral Westminster Abbey Westminster Cathedral



Fortnum & Mason Hamleys Harrods Liberty Peter Jones Selfridges

Shopping centres and markets

Borough Market Brent Cross Burlington Arcade Kensington Arcade Leadenhall Market The Mall Wood Green One New Change Petticoat Lane Market Royal Exchange Westfield London Westfield Stratford City

Royal buildings

Partly occupied by the Royal Family

Buckingham Palace Clarence House Kensington Palace St James's Palace


Banqueting House Hampton Court Palace Kew Palace The Queen's Gallery Royal Mews, Buckingham Palace


Broadgate Tower 1 Canada Square 8 Canada Square 25 Canada Square 1 Churchill Place 20 Fenchurch Street Heron Tower Leadenhall Building The Shard St George Wharf Tower 30 St Mary Axe Tower 42


Albert Memorial ArcelorMittal Orbit Big Ben Cleopatra's Needle Crystal Palace transmitting station London
Eye London
Wall Marble Arch The Monument Nelson's Column Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
Shaftesbury Memorial Fountain
("Eros") Thames Barrier Wellington Arch


City Airport Heathrow Airport Charing Cross station Clapham Junction station Euston station King's Cross station Liverpool Street station London
Bridge station Paddington
station St Pancras station Stratford station Victoria station Waterloo station Victoria Coach Station Emirates Air Line cable car


Barbican Estate Battersea Power Station British Library BT Tower Kew Gardens Lambeth Palace Lloyd's building London
Zoo Oxo Tower St Bartholomew's Hospital Smithfield Market Somerset House


Royal Parks

Bushy Park Green Park Greenwich Park Hampton Court Park Hyde Park Kensington Gardens Regent's Park Richmond Park St. James's Park


Battersea Park Burgess Park Clapham Common College Green Epping Forest Finsbury Park Gunnersbury Park Hampstead Heath Holland Park Mitcham Common Osterley Park Trent Park Victoria Park Wandsworth Common Wimbledon Common

Squares and public spaces

Covent Garden Horse
Guards Parade Leicester Square Oxford Circus Parliament Square Piccadilly
Circus Sloane Square Trafalgar Square


Aldwych Baker Street Bishopsgate Bond Street Carnaby Street Chancery Lane Charing Cross Road Cheapside Cornhill Denmark Street Fenchurch Street Fleet Street Haymarket Jermyn Street Kensington High Street King's Road Lombard Street The Mall Oxford Street Park Lane Piccadilly Portobello Road Regent Street Shaftesbury Avenue Sloane Street Strand Tottenham Court Road Victoria Em