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Hunstanton
Hunstanton
(locally /ˈhʌnstən/ ( listen) HUN-stən) is a seaside town in Norfolk, England. It had a population of 4,229 at the 2011 Census,[1] It faces west across The Wash, making it one of the few places on the east coast where the sun can be seen setting over the sea.

Contents

1 Governance 2 Geology 3 History 4 Notable people 5 Tourism 6 The town today 7 Transport 8 Education 9 Theatre, cinema and culture

9.1 Literary associations

10 Sport 11 References 12 External links

Governance[edit] An electoral ward in the same name exists, belonging to the Borough Council of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk.[2] The population of this ward at the 2011 Census was 5,420.[3] Hunstanton
Hunstanton
has a mayor and a 17-member town council that meets twice a month.[4] Geology[edit]

The stratified red chalk limestone and white chalk cliffs on the beach at Old Hunstanton.

The coastal cliffs include the type section of the Hunstanton Formation of lower reddish limestone which was laid down during the Lower Cretaceous. This is topped by a white chalk layer from the Upper Cretaceous epoch.[5]

History[edit]

Remains of St Edmund's Memorial Chapel in 2016

Former lighthouse in 2016

Hunstanton
Hunstanton
is a 19th-century resort town, initially known as New Hunstanton
Hunstanton
to distinguish it from the adjacent old village from which it took its name. The new town soon exceeded the village in scale and population. The original settlement of Hunstanton, now known as Old Hunstanton, probably gained its name from the River Hun, which runs to the coast just to the east of Old Hunstanton. It has also been opined that the name Hunstanton
Hunstanton
originated from the word "Honeystone", a reference to the local red carr stone. The river begins in the grounds of Old Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Park which surrounds the old moated hall, the ancestral home of the Le Strange family. Old Hunstanton
Old Hunstanton
village is of prehistoric origin and lies near to the head of Peddars Way. In 1970, evidence of Neolithic
Neolithic
settlement was found. The quiet character of the village remains distinct from its busy sibling and complements it with clifftop walks past a privately owned redundant lighthouse and the ruins of St Edmund's Chapel, built in 1272. In 1846, Henry Styleman Le Strange
Henry Styleman Le Strange
(1815–1862),[6] decided to develop the area south of Old Hunstanton
Old Hunstanton
as a sea-bathing resort. He persuaded a group of like-minded investors to fund the construction of a railway line from King's Lynn
King's Lynn
to the town, to bring tourists and visitors. This was a great success – the Lynn & Hunstanton Railway became one of the most consistently profitable railway companies in the country. In 1861, Le Strange, as principal landowner, became a director of the railway company and by 1862 the line had been built. Hunstanton
Hunstanton
was ready to take off commercially. However, Le Strange died in the same year at the age of 47 and it was left to his son Hamon to reap the rewards of his efforts. As a mark of his intentions, Le Strange had moved the ancient village cross from Old Hunstanton
Old Hunstanton
to the new site in 1846, and in 1848 the first building was erected. This was the Royal Hotel (now the Golden Lion), the work of the renowned Victorian architect, William Butterfield, a friend of Le Strange. Overlooking a sloping green and the sea, and for several years standing alone, it earned the nickname "Le Strange's Folly". In 1850 Le Strange, an amateur architect and painter, appointed a land agent to survey the site and prepare a plan, while he himself drew and painted a map and a perspective of the scheme, showing shops, a station and a church. He consulted William Butterfield on the design of the development plan. Their shared passion was for the "Old English" style of architecture for domestic buildings. This owed much to medieval precedent and to the earnestness of the Victorian Gothic Revival. Hunstanton
Hunstanton
is the exemplar of a model 19th-century estate seaside town. Most of the fabric and character of that original development survives. Notable people[edit] In birth order:

Edward the Martyr
Edward the Martyr
(died 869), King of East Anglia, landed here to claim his kingdom about 855. Sir Roger L'Estrange
Roger L'Estrange
(1616–1704), Royalist and pamphleteer, was born here. Guy Le Strange
Guy Le Strange
(1854–1933), Middle Eastern
Middle Eastern
scholar and linguist, was born here. George Grundy (1859–1945), first-class cricketer, died here. Tiverton Preedy
Tiverton Preedy
(1863–1928), Anglican cleric and sports promoter, was born here. Clara Dow
Clara Dow
(1883–1969), operatic soprano and actress, made her stage debut here in 1899. Robert Herring MC (1897–1973), a British officer in the Army and the RAF in both World Wars, was born here. Reis Leming (1930–2012), US airman, received the UK George Medal
George Medal
for rescuing 27 people from South Beach during the North Sea flood of 1953. Richard Greer
Richard Greer
(born 1946), motorcycle speedway rider in the 1970s and 1980s, lives here. Bill Alexander (born William Alexander Paterson, 1948), theatre director, was born here.

Tourism[edit]

Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Beach at dusk, August 2013

Hunstanton
Hunstanton
is a traditional family resort. Summer crowds tend to be smaller now than in the 1980s, although the popularity of the town as a tourist destination for day-trippers and holidaymakers has endured, weathering the decline of the British seaside holiday. During the 1990s, businesses in villages south of Hunstanton
Hunstanton
(Dersingham, Ingoldisthorpe
Ingoldisthorpe
and Snettisham) complained of a loss in trade after being bypassed by the A149, which carries heavy Hunstanton-bound traffic.

Looking out to the Wash from Hunstanton.

The town today[edit]

Place name sign in Hunstanton

The town contains several stately Victorian squares. Boston Square provides a view across the Wash to Boston in Lincolnshire. On a clear day, one can see the Boston Stump. Hunstanton
Hunstanton
is home to a fairground, aquarium and seal sanctuary, leisure pool, theatre, large caravan parks with amenities (Searle's Holiday Park opened in 1936), a number of amusement arcades and a long promenade. In good weather, boats run by Searle's carry tourists out to view both grey and common seals that have colonised sand bars in the Wash and to the north of Norfolk. The centrepiece of the town remains the large sloping green, which runs from one end of High Street to the promenade. The town boasted a Victorian pleasure pier, with fine attractions, including a pavilion and miniature steam railway running up and down it. The pier pavilion was destroyed by fire in 1939, the pier was damaged by fire again in the 1950s, before almost the entire structure was washed away by a fierce storm in 1978. What remained of the pier extended just fifteen feet outwards from the amusement arcade and cafe that was built on the site of the original entrance. In 2002, the entire building, as well as the remains of the pier, were destroyed in a fire. As the building was so badly damaged, firemen could not determine the cause of the fire. Today, a new arcade and bowling alley complex occupies the site. Hunstanton
Hunstanton
has regular markets on Wednesdays and Sundays selling fresh fish and fresh fruit and vegetables. The markets attract greater numbers in the summer months through to the autumn. The principal shopping streets of the town have stone buildings, some with glazed canopies, evoking the Victorian and Edwardian eras of their construction and retaining a mixture of outlets including England's largest joke shop. The countryside surrounding Hunstanton
Hunstanton
is hillier than most of Norfolk and is sparsely populated, the only nearby large settlement being King's Lynn, 12 miles (19 km) to the south. Transport[edit] A frequent bus service operated by Stagecoach (formerly Norfolk
Norfolk
Green) and Lynx connects the town to King's Lynn, with other services to Sandringham, Wells-next-the-Sea, Sheringham
Sheringham
and Cromer.[7][8] Hunstanton railway station
Hunstanton railway station
offered services to King's Lynn
King's Lynn
until 1969, when it was closed along with the entire branch line. Education[edit] The Smithdon High School
Smithdon High School
(formerly Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Secondary Modern School) is an early building designed by the architects Peter and Alison Smithson, built in 1949–54 in a radical style of international architectural significance. It is a Grade II* listed building.[9] The school epitomised the architectural experimentation of post-war Britain, as well as the growing acceptance of modernism by the public authorities. It caused excitement in the architectural profession, and was widely praised for its intelligent layout and formal elegance.[10] The Smithsons deliberately left many of the service elements of the school exposed, making a feature of the water tank by turning it into a tower. The disposition, steel frames and panels of brick and glass most obviously echoed the work of Mies Van Der Rohe
Mies Van Der Rohe
at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[11] Hunstanton
Hunstanton
is home to Glebe House School, an independent co-educational preparatory school. Theatre, cinema and culture[edit] The Princess Theatre is a 472-seat venue, open all year round, hosting a wide variety of shows from comedy to drama, music for all tastes and children’s productions. The venue also has a six-week summer season and an annual Christmas pantomime. Films are screened during the week. The theatre opened as the Capitol Cinema in 1932 and is noted for its construction in Norfolk
Norfolk
carr stone as it contains the largest gable wall of carr stone in existence. It was designed as a theatre as well as a cinema but closed in the 1960s and was sold in 1974. It changed its name to the Kingsley Centre and provided summer seasons and films for approximately two years but declined and eventually operated as a bingo hall. After some time it closed again until the Borough Council of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk
Norfolk
purchased it in 1981. In honour of Lady Diana Spencer
Lady Diana Spencer
who, on her marriage to the Prince of Wales in July 1981, became the Princess of Wales, the theatre was renamed the Princess Theatre. It was officially re-opened on 5 July 1981. Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Concert Band plays at events in and around Hunstanton performing at a wide variety of venues including churches, fêtes, concerts and the town's band-stand. The Deaf Havana
Deaf Havana
album Fools and Worthless Liars featured a track called " Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Pier", a nostalgic recollection of the town where James Veck-Gilodi, the band's lead singer, grew up. Literary associations[edit]

Wreck of the Sheraton

Between the world wars P. G. Wodehouse
P. G. Wodehouse
frequently visited his friend Charles Le Strange at Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Hall and it became an influence for a number of the locations in his comic novels. It became Aunt Agatha's country seat Woollam Chersey and also the inspiration for the setting for Money for Nothing (1928). The octagon in the garden also featured in "Jeeves and the Impending Doom". Norfolk
Norfolk
also furnishes the names of many of the colourful characters in the books, e.g., Lord Brancaster, Jack Snettisham
Snettisham
and J. Sheringham
Sheringham
Adair. L. P. Hartley
L. P. Hartley
knew Hunstanton
Hunstanton
and the surrounding area well from childhood holidays and he used it as a setting for The Shrimp and the Anemone (1944), the first novel in his Eustace and Hilda trilogy. It is at Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Hall (fictionalised as Anchorstone Hall) that Eustace enters the privileged world of the aristocracy and eventually inherits a small fortune. The famous layered cliffs at Hunstanton
Hunstanton
(consisting of chalk, red chalk and Carr stone) also provide the backdrop for Eustace and Hilda's games among the rock pools. Patrick Hamilton's novel Hangover Square
Hangover Square
opens with George Harvey Bone walking on the cliffs in Hunstanton. Hamilton lived for many years at Martincross in Sheringham
Sheringham
and also spent some time in the 1930s in a cottage in Burnham Overy Staithe
Burnham Overy Staithe
living there with his first wife, Lois. Sport[edit]

Paragliding above the cliffs in Hunstanton

Hunstanton
Hunstanton
attracts thousands of people annually, some from long distances away, during a week in August, for the ITA Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Lawn Tennis tournament (the biggest in England
England
after Wimbledon) inaugurated in 1920. All ages can play from the young (Under 8 Round Robin) to the senior veterans. Apart from the tournament, it is a big social event, with many parties often held around the area for all involved, spectators and players. Hunstanton Golf Club
Hunstanton Golf Club
was founded in 1891 by Hamon Le Strange and is an 18-hole championship links laid out along the sandy coast of Old Hunstanton. Hunstanton
Hunstanton
links is a classic 'out and back' design, on either side of a central spine or dune ridge. The 12th, 13th and 14th holes play across this ridge. The town has hosted several international sporting events including the 2005 World Water Ski Racing Championships. References[edit]

^ "Town population 2011". Retrieved 28 August 2015.  ^ Borough site Retrieved 4 December 2016. ^ "Ward population 2011". Retrieved 28 August 2015.  ^ Council site Retrieved 4 December 2016. ^ " Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Formation". British Geological Survey.  ^ Source: Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Civic Society ^ "Coasthopper". Stagecoach in Norfolk. Retrieved 27 September 2016.  ^ "Bus times from King's Lynn
King's Lynn
to Hunstanton
Hunstanton
from Lynxbus". Lynx. Retrieved 27 September 2016.  ^ http://www.smithdonhighschool.org.uk Archived 21 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine. ^ " Hunstanton
Hunstanton
School - Data, Photos & Plans - WikiArquitectura".  ^ "Revisiting Alison and Peter Smithson's Hunstanton
Hunstanton
school". 

External links[edit]

Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hunstanton.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hunstanton.

Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Town Council Hunstanton
Hunstanton
Lawn Tennis Tournament - official website

v t e

Ceremonial county of Norfolk

Boroughs or districts

Breckland Broadland Great Yarmouth King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk North Norfolk Norwich South Norfolk

Major settlements

Acle Attleborough Aylsham Cromer Dereham Diss Downham Market Fakenham Gorleston Great Yarmouth Hingham Holt Hunstanton King's Lynn Loddon North Walsham Norwich Redenhall with Harleston Reepham Sheringham Sprowston Stalham Swaffham Thetford Thorpe St Andrew Watton Wells-next-the-Sea Wymondham See also: List of civil parishes in Norfolk

Topics

Parliamentary constituencies Places Population of major settlements SSSIs Country houses Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lost settlements Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills

v t e

Civil parishes of King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West Norfolk

Anmer Bagthorpe with Barmer Barton Bendish Barwick Bawsey Bircham Boughton Brancaster Burnham Market Burnham Norton Burnham Overy Burnham Thorpe Castle Acre Castle Rising Choseley Clenchwarton Congham Crimplesham Denver Dersingham Docking Downham Market Downham West East Rudham East Walton East Winch Emneth Feltwell Fincham Flitcham with Appleton Fordham Fring Gayton Great Massingham Grimston Harpley Heacham Hilgay Hillington Hockwold cum Wilton Holme-next-the-Sea Houghton Hunstanton Ingoldisthorpe Leziate Little Massingham Marham Marshland St James Methwold Middleton Nordelph North Creake North Runcton Northwold North Wootton Old Hunstanton Outwell Pentney Ringstead Roydon Runcton Holme Ryston Sandringham Sedgeford Shernborne Shouldham Shouldham
Shouldham
Thorpe Snettisham South Creake Southery South Wootton Stanhoe Stoke Ferry Stow Bardolph Stradsett Syderstone Terrington St Clement Terrington St John Thornham Tilney All Saints Tilney St Lawrence Titchwell Tottenhill Upwell Walpole Walpole Cross Keys Walpole Highway Walsoken Watlington Welney Wereham West Acre West Dereham West Rudham West Walton West Winch Wiggenhall St Germans Wiggenhall St Mary Magdalen Wimbotsham Wormegay Wretton

See also South Norfolk Great Yarmouth Broadland North Norfolk King's Lynn
King's Lynn
and West

.