HOME
The Info List - Human Rights In Georgia





Human rights in Georgia are guaranteed by the country's constitution. There is an independent human rights public defender elected by the parliament to ensure such rights are enforced.[1] However, it has been alleged by Amnesty International,[2] Human Rights Watch,[citation needed] the United States Department of State[3] and the Georgian opposition[4] that these rights are often breached. In addition around 20% of the territory of what was the Georgian SSR is in dispute (occupied in the view of the government in Tbilisi and many other countries) and there have been frequent allegations of human rights abuses in these territories as well.

Contents

1 Rights of minorities 2 Freedom of expression and of the media 3 Prisoner abuse 4 2013 release of political prisoners 5 See also 6 References 7 External links

Rights of minorities[edit] The government of Georgia has taken positive steps towards protecting religious minorities. Attacks against those of different faiths have subsided since the revolution, and a leader of these attacks, Vasili Mkalavishvili, was arrested and incarcerated by the authorities. Prime Minister Zurab Jvania was a key supporter of allowing religious organisations recognition from the state, but he faced considerable opposition from his own government: his own president said that the state should do what it can to 'protect Georgia from harmful alien influence.' Despite reforms allowing minority churches to register themselves in 2005, the Georgian Orthodox church has a considerable monopoly in Georgia, whilst minority groups find it hard to even build places of worship. The 2002 concordat between the G.O.C. and the Georgian government is in place, which grants the Georgian Orthodox Church a privileged status in Georgia, and endows it with authority over all religious matters. It is the only church that has tax-free status, and it is often consulted in government matters. Together with being free of tax, Georgian Orthodox Church also gets some financing from the government as well. The main reason for this is that the church has always been very active in country's cultural development and just like in most Eastern Orthodox countries, the line between culture and religion is blurred. Georgia has ratified the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities (FCNM) in 2005. The NGO "Tolerance" points out in 2008 that several of the articles of the FCPNM have been exempted from full implementation by the Georgian parliament. Specifically, provisions regarding full expression in the minority's languages in cultural, educational and administrative matters have been compromised, Tolerance claims. For example, the number of Azerbaijani schools has decreased, and cases of appointing headmasters to Azerbaijani schools who do not speak Azerbaijani are cited.[5] Freedom of expression and of the media[edit] Main article: Media of Georgia During the 2007 Georgian demonstrations, the riot police attacked the headquarters of Imedi channel, leading it to off the airing of demonstrations.[6] Prisoner abuse[edit] For years, human rights organizations urged President Saakashvili and his government to look into alleged atrocities in Georgian prisons. In 2010 the Human Rights Commission of the Council of Europe reported “The living conditions in prisons and prison camps of Georgia – also known under their euphemistic name as "correctional facilities" - are not conducive of improved outcomes for inmates. Quite the contrary: The system amounts to an offence against international standards for correctional facilities. Requests for help in order to stop torture in their prisons are common. As prisoners are afraid of aggravating the situation, they avoid naming individual torturers. As of 2010, the availability of medical care in prisons and camps was totally inadequate leading to a very high mortality in Georgian prisons. The human rights of the inmates are simply being ignored."[7] Many other organizations have warned the Saakasvili government, including the United States Department of State in 2008.[8] Despite the worldwide warnings to the Saakashvili government, the United National Movement Party regarding human rights in Georgian prisons, watchdog organizations reported little or no improvement. The European Union strongly condemned the abuse of prisoners and urged the Georgian authorities to punish the culprits. EU foreign policy chief Catherine Ashton said she was "appalled by the shocking footage of abuses committed against inmates in Gldani prison. It is of vital importance that these and other incidents are thoroughly and transparently investigated and that those responsible are held to account," she said in a statement.[9] Rupert Colville, a spokesman for the United Nations human rights office in Geneva, urged Georgia to "promptly, impartially and effectively" investigate all cases of abuse and take steps "to ensure that prisons and detention centers are managed in line with international human rights law and standards."[9] The questions from human rights organizations worldwide come on the heels of international concerns about free and fair elections in Georgia in 2012.[10] 2013 release of political prisoners[edit] On January 13, 2013 190 people designated political prisoners by the Parliament of Georgia were released from prison under an amnesty law sponsored by Georgian Dream legislators which passed in 2012 over the veto of out-going President Mikheil Saakashvili.[11] See also[edit]

Human rights portal

Internet censorship and surveillance in Georgia LGBT rights in Georgia (country) Sandro Girgvliani Murder Case

References[edit]

^ Georgia's public defender ^ Amnesty International on Georgia Archived July 24, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. ^ US State Department human rights report on Georgia ^ Georgia International Media Centre on human rights Archived February 25, 2012, at the Wayback Machine. ^ Alternative report on the implementation by Georgia of the Framework Convention for the Protection of National Minorities in the region of Kvemo Kartli — Tbilisi, 2008 — p. 58-59 ^ CNN, Georgia: State of emergency called, 7.11.2007 ^ Davitaia, Prof. Dr. Avtandil. "ISHR Georgia Report 2010: Prison Conditions in the Republic of Georgia". ISHR Georgia Report 2010: Prison Conditions in the Republic of Georgia. International Society for Human Rights (ISHR). Archived from the original on 2015-01-01. Retrieved 2010.  Check date values in: access-date= (help) ^ "2008 Human Rights Report: Georgia". 2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. US Department of State. Retrieved February 25, 2009.  ^ a b "Georgia: UN condemns prisoner abuses exposed in television footage". UN News Centre. www.un.org. Retrieved 21 September 2012.  ^ "EU newcomers urge fair polls in Georgia". www.eubusiness.com. Retrieved 17 September 2012.  ^ Olesya Vartanyan (January 13, 2013). "Georgia Frees 190 Inmates Deemed Political Prisoners". The New York Times. Retrieved January 14, 2013. 

External links[edit]

UN OHCHR page on Georgia HumanRights.ge – daily updated online magazine and web portal on human rights in Georgia Have the rights of religious minorities improved? US State department's International religious freedom report, 2005. HRW Human Rights overview Human Rights Watch, Georgia Censorship in Georgia - IFEX IDP Voices - Read and listen to life stories from displaced people in Georgia. Chkheidze, Ketevan: "Gender Politics in Georgia" in the Caucasus Analytical Digest No.21

v t e

Human rights in Europe

Sovereign states

Albania Andorra Armenia Austria Azerbaijan Belarus Belgium Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria Croatia Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Estonia Finland France Georgia Germany Greece Hungary Iceland Ireland

Italy Kazakhstan Latvia Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macedonia Malta Moldova Monaco Montenegro Netherlands Norway Poland Portugal Romania Russia San Marino Serbia Slovakia Slovenia Spain Sweden Switzerland Turkey Ukraine United Kingdom

States with limited recognition

Abkhazia Artsakh Northern Cyprus South Ossetia Transnistria

v t e

Georgia articles

History

Early

Prehistoric Georgia Shulaveri-Shomu culture Kura–Araxes culture Trialeti culture Colchian culture Diaokhi Kingdom of Colchis Kingdom of Iberia Kingdom of Lazica Roman Georgia

Middle

Christianization of Iberia Sasanian Iberia Principality of Iberia Bagrationi dynasty Arab rule in Georgia Emirate of Tbilisi Kingdom of Abkhazia Principality of Hereti Principality of Kakheti Duchy of Kldekari Principality of Tao-Klarjeti Kingdom of Hereti Kingdom of Kakheti-Hereti Kingdom of Georgia Byzantine–Georgian wars Georgian–Seljuk wars (Battle of Didgori) Georgian Golden Age Mongol invasions of Georgia Timur's invasions of Georgia Principality of Samtskhe Turkmen invasions of Georgia Kingdom of Imereti

Principality of Abkhazia Principality of Svaneti Principality of Guria Principality of Mingrelia

Kingdom of Kartli Kingdom of Kakheti Shah Abbas I's invasions of Georgia Kingdom of Kartli-Kakheti 1795 Persian Invasion Absorption by the Russian Empire

Modern

Democratic Republic of Georgia Georgian–Armenian War Red Army invasion of Georgia Georgian Soviet Socialist Republic April 9 tragedy Independent Georgia Georgian Civil War War in Abkhazia Rose Revolution Russo-Georgian War

By topic

Name of Georgia Monarchs States Military history Wars Battles Timeline of Georgian history more

Geography

Birds Black Sea Climate Earthquakes Environmental issues Glaciers Greater Caucasus Lakes Lesser Caucasus Mammals National parks Protected areas Rivers Volcanoes more

Subdivisions

Administrative divisions Cities and towns Tbilisi Regions more

Politics

Cabinet Constitution Elections Human rights

LGBT

Law enforcement Military

Air Force Coast Guard Land Forces

National Assembly Political parties President Prime Minister

Foreign relations

Ministry of Foreign Affairs Embassies in Georgia / of Georgia European Union NATO Georgian–Abkhaz conflict Georgian–Ossetian conflict

Economy

Agriculture Central bank Companies Energy International rankings Lari (currency) Mining Stock Exchange Telecommunications Tourism

visa policy

Transport

Airports Autoroutes Railway Tbilisi Metro

Stations

more

Culture

Alphabet Architecture Art Chokha Cinema Cuisine

Wine

Dance Georgian language

Laz Mingrelian Svan

Media Music Mythology Names Public holidays Sports World Heritage Sites more

Demographics

Education Ethnic minorities Georgians

List Diaspora

Health care Women more

Religion

Georgian Orthodox Church Islam Catholicism Judaism Bahá'í Freedom of religion Secularism and irreligion more

Symbols

Anthem Bolnisi cross Borjgali Coat of arms Flag Motto Saint George

cross

Saint Nino

cross

Outline Index

Book Cat

.