HONSHU (本州, Honshū, "Main Island" or "Main Province") ( (
listen )) is the largest and most populous island of
Japan , located
Hokkaido across the
Tsugaru Strait , north of
the Inland Sea , and northeast of
Kyushu across the
Kanmon Straits .
The island separates the Sea of
Japan , which lies to its north and
west, from the
North Pacific Ocean
North Pacific Ocean to its south and east. It is the
seventh-largest island in the world, and the second-most populous
after the Indonesian island of
Honshu had a population of 103 million as of 2005 , mostly
concentrated in the coastal lowlands, notably in the Kantō plain
where 25% of the total population resides in the Greater
Tokyo Area .
As the historical center of Japanese culture and political power, the
island includes several past Japanese capitals, including
Kyoto , Nara
Kamakura . Much of the island's southern shore forms part of the
Taiheiyō Belt , a megalopolis that spans several of the Japanese
Most of Japan's industry is located in a belt running along Honshu's
southern coast, from
Kobe , and
Hiroshima ; by contrast, the economy along the northwestern Sea of
Japan coast is largely based on fishing and agriculture. The island
is linked to the other three major Japanese islands by a number of
bridges and tunnels. Its climate is humid and mild.
* 1 Geography
* 1.1 Extreme points
* 1.2 Bridges and tunnels
* 2 Administrative regions and prefectures
* 3 Natural features
* 3.1 Agriculture
* 3.2 Minerals
* 4 See also
* 5 References
The island is roughly 1,300 km (810 mi) long and ranges from 50 to
230 km (31 to 143 mi) wide, and its total area is 225,800 km2 (87,200
sq mi), 60% of the total area of Japan, making it slightly larger than
Great Britain. Its land area has been increasing with land
reclamation and coastal uplift in the north, but global sea level rise
has diminished these effects.
Honshu has 5,450 kilometres (3,386 mi)
Mountainous and volcanic,
Honshu experiences frequent earthquakes
(the Great Kantō earthquake heavily damaged
Tokyo in September 1923,
and the earthquake of March 2011 moved the northeastern part of the
island by varying amounts of as much as 5.3 m (17 ft) while causing
devastating tsunamis). The highest peak is the active volcano Mount
Fuji at 3,776 m (12,388 ft), which makes
Honshu the world's 7th
highest island . There are many rivers, including the
Shinano River ,
Japan's longest. The
Japanese Alps run the length of Honshu, dividing
the northwestern (Sea of Japan) shore from the southeastern (Pacific
or Inland Sea) shore; the climate is generally humid subtropical in
the southern and coastal parts of the island and humid continental in
the northern and inland portions.
The northernmost point on
Honshu is the tip of the Shimokita
Ōma, Aomori ; Cape Kure lies at the southern extreme in
Kushimoto, Wakayama . The island's eastern extremity is Todogasaki in
Miyako, Iwate , and its western one is Bishanohana in Shimonoseki,
Honshu spans more than eight degrees of latitude and 11
degrees of longitude.
BRIDGES AND TUNNELS
Honshu is connected to the islands of Hokkaido,
tunnels and bridges. Three bridge systems have been built across the
islands of the Inland Sea between
Shikoku (Akashi Kaikyō
Bridge and the
Ōnaruto Bridge ; Shin-Onomichi Bridge , Innoshima
Bridge , Ikuchi Bridge ,
Tatara Bridge , Ōmishima Bridge ,
Hakata–Ōshima Bridge , and the
Kurushima-Kaikyō Bridge ;
Shimotsui-Seto Bridge ,
Hitsuishijima Bridge ,
Iwakurojima Bridge ,
Yoshima Bridge ,
Kita Bisan-Seto Bridge , and the Minami Bisan-Seto
Bridge ), the
Seikan Tunnel connects
Honshu with Hokkaido, and the
Kanmonkyo Bridge and
Kanmon Tunnel connects
Honshu with Kyushu.
ADMINISTRATIVE REGIONS AND PREFECTURES
The island is divided into five nominal regions and contains 34
prefectures, including metropolitan Tokyo. Administratively, some
smaller islands are included within these prefectures, notably
Ogasawara Islands ,
Sado Island ,
Izu Ōshima , and
Awaji Island .
The regions and its prefectures are:
* TōHOKU REGION consists of six prefectures.
* KANTō REGION consists of seven prefectures, including the capital
Japan which is the
* CHūBU REGION consists of nine prefectures.
* KANSAI REGION consists of seven prefectures.
* CHūGOKU REGION consists of five prefectures.
Most of Japan's tea and silk is from Honshu. Fruits, vegetables,
grains, rice and cotton are grown in Honshu. Niigata is noted as an
important producer of rice. The Kantō and Nōbi plains produce rice
and vegetables. Yamanashi is a major fruit-growing area, and Aomori is
famous for its apples. Rare species of the lichen genus Menegazzia are
found only in Honshu.
Yields of zinc, copper, and oil have been found on Honshu.
* Islands portal
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for HONSHU .
Wikimedia Commons has media related to HONSHU .
* ^ A B "Honshu".
Encyclopædia Britannica . Retrieved 19 February
Japan Civil Registry Database 2013
* ^ See
Japan Census of 2000; the editors of List of islands by
population appear to have used similar data from the relevant
statistics bureaux, and totalled up the various administrative
districts that make up each island, and then done the same for less
populous islands. An editor of this article has not repeated that
work. Therefore this plausible and eminently reasonable ranking is
posted as unsourced common knowledge .
* ^ Kodansha Encyclopedia of
* ^ "Islands By Land Area". Islands.unep.ch. Retrieved 2010-08-01.
* ^ "Map of Horizontal Land Movement caused by 2011/3/11 M9.0
earthquake" (PDF) (in Japanese). Geospatial Information Authority of
Japan . March 19, 2011. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
* ^ "Quake shifted
Japan by over two meters".
Deutsche Welle .
March 14, 2011. Retrieved March 14, 2011.
* ^ A B "Honshu". infoplease.com. 2012. Retrieved 2014-11-23.
* ^ Bjerke JW (2004). "Revision of the lichen genus Menegazzia in
Japan, including two new species". The Lichenologist. 36 (1): 15–25.
ISSN 0024-2829 . doi :10.1017/S0024282904013878 .
Regions and administrative divisions of
Coordinates : 36°N 138°E / 36°N 138°E / 36; 138
* WorldCat Identities
* VIAF : 240423304
* GND : 4240123-9
* BNF : cb119813