HOME
The Info List - Hong Kong Island


--- Advertisement ---



Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island (Chinese: 香港島; Cantonese
Cantonese
Yale: Hēunggóng dóu) is an island in the southern part of Hong Kong. It has a population of 1,289,500 and its population density is 16,390/km²,[1] as of 2008[update]. The island had a population of about 3,000 inhabitants scattered in a dozen fishing villages when it was occupied by the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
in the First Opium War. In 1842, the island was formally ceded in perpetuity to the UK under the Treaty of Nanking
Treaty of Nanking
and the City of Victoria was then established on the island by the British Force in honour of Queen Victoria. The Central area on the island is the historical, political and economic centre of Hong Kong. The northern coast of the island forms the southern shore of the Victoria Harbour, which is largely responsible for the development of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
due to its deep waters favoured by large trade ships. The island is home to many of the most famous sights in Hong Kong, such as "The Peak", Ocean Park, many historical sites and various large shopping centres. The mountain ranges across the island are also famous for hiking. The northern part of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island, together with Kowloon
Kowloon
and Tsuen Wan New Town, forms the core urban area of Hong Kong. Their combined area is approximately 88.3 square kilometres (34.1 square miles) and their combined population (that of the northern part of the island and of Kowloon) is approximately 3,156,500, reflecting a population density of 35,700/km² (91,500/sq. mi.). The island is often referred to locally as " Hong Kong
Hong Kong
side" or "Island side". This style was formerly applied to many locations (e.g. China-side or even Kowloon
Kowloon
Walled City-side) but is now only heard in this form and Kowloon
Kowloon
side, suggesting the two sides of the harbour.[2] The form was once more common in Britain than now, such as Surrey-side[3] and is still seen in British placenames like Cheapside, Tyneside, and Teesside, not all of which have an obvious watercourse or boundary with actual sides.

Contents

1 Suburbs and localities 2 Administration 3 History

3.1 British colony 3.2 Japanese invasion and occupation

4 Geography 5 Demographics 6 Transport 7 See also 8 References 9 External links

Suburbs and localities[edit] Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island comprises the following suburbs/localities of Hong Kong:

Aberdeen Admiralty Ap Lei Chau Causeway Bay Central/Chong Wan Chai Wan Cyberport Deep Water Bay East Mid-Levels Fortress Hill Happy Valley Kennedy Town Mid-Levels Mount Davis North Point Pok Fu Lam Quarry Bay Repulse Bay Sai Wan
Sai Wan
Ho Sai Wan Sai Ying Pun Sandy Bay Shau Kei Wan Shek O Shek Tong Tsui Sheung Wan Siu Sai Wan So Kon Po Stanley Tai Hang Tai Tam Tin Hau Victoria Park Victoria Peak Wan Chai West Mid-Levels Wong Chuk Hang

Administration[edit] Main article: Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island (constituency) Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island is not part of the Islands District. Four districts of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
are located on the island:

Central and Western District Eastern District Southern District (including the islands of Ap Lei Chau
Ap Lei Chau
and Ap Lei Pai) Wan Chai
Wan Chai
District

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island is one of the five Legislative Council geographical constituencies. History[edit] British colony[edit]

This section needs expansion. You can help by adding to it. (December 2011)

See also: History of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
(1800s–1930s) Hong Kong
Hong Kong
island became a colony of the British Empire
British Empire
when their forces defeated the Chinese in the First Opium War
First Opium War
(1839-1842). The island was populated by only a few thousand people when British empire colonized it, and was thus described as being almost uninhabited. Japanese invasion and occupation[edit] The Second World War
Second World War
was a dark period for Hong Kong. In the 1930s, the British anticipated a Japanese attack on Hong Kong. As Wong Nai Chung Gap was a strategic important place of defence, large-scale defensive works were constructed there, including anti-aircraft batteries, howitzers, and machine gun nests. The Battle of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
began on 8 December 1941. British, Canadian, Indian armies and the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Volunteer Defence Forces resisted the Japanese invasion commanded by Sakai Takashi, which began eight hours after the attack on Pearl Harbor. However, the Japanese were able to take control of the Hong Kong
Hong Kong
skies on the first day of attack, outnumbering the defenders. The defenders retreated from the Gin Drinker's Line and consequently from Kowloon
Kowloon
under heavy aerial bombardment and artillery barrage. On 18 December, the Japanese had conquered North Point, reaching Wong Nai Chung Gap on the next day. English and Scottish forces and the Canadian Winnipeg Grenadiers vigorously defended the crucial point of Wong Nai Chung Gap, and for a while successfully secured the passage between Central and the secluded southern parts of the island. Japanese casualties were about 600. However, Allied forces there were ultimately defeated by the Japanese on 23 December, and Wong Nai Chung Reservoir was lost – the only one in Hong Kong
Hong Kong
at the time. As Wan Chai Gap had also fallen that same day, the British had no choice but to surrender. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
was surrendered on 25 December 1941, thereafter often called "Black Christmas" by locals. The Governor of Hong Kong, Mark Young, surrendered in person at the temporary Japanese headquarters, on the third floor of the Peninsula Hotel, thus beginning the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong. Isogai Rensuke
Isogai Rensuke
became the first Japanese governor of Hong Kong. Hyper-inflation and food rationing followed; and the Japanese declared Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Dollars illegal. The Japanese enforced a repatriation policy throughout the period of occupation because of the scarcity of food and the possible counter-attack of the Allies. As a result, the unemployed were deported to the Mainland, and the population of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
had dwindled from 1.6 million in 1941 to 600,000 in 1945.[4] Geography[edit] Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island is the second-largest island of the territory, the largest being Lantau Island. Its area is 78.59 km2 (30.34 sq mi), including 6.98 km2 (2.69 sq mi) of land reclaimed since 1887 and some smaller scale ones since 1851. It makes up approximately 7% of the total territory. It is separated from the mainland ( Kowloon
Kowloon
Peninsula and New Territories) by Victoria Harbour. Technically Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island is part of the Wanshan Archipelago.[citation needed] Most of the hills across the middle of the island are included within the country parks. Demographics[edit] The population as of 2011[update] is 1,270,876, which makes up approximately 19% of that of Hong Kong. Its population density is higher than for the whole of Hong Kong, ca. 18,000 per km². However, the population is heavily concentrated along the northern shore. The combined population of Central and Western, Wan Chai, and Eastern is 1,085,500, giving this urbanised part of the island a density of around 26,000 per km², or 67,000 per mi², in its approximately 41.3 km2 (15.9 sq mi). The residents living in the Central and Western and Wanchai districts of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
island have the highest median household income of any area in Hong Kong. Affluent districts on Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island are The Peak, Western Mid-Levels
Mid-Levels
(Conduit Road/Robinson Road/Magazine Gap Road, etc.), Eastern Mid-Levels
Mid-Levels
(Happy Valley/Tai Hang/Jardine's Lookout), Tai Tam, Deep Water Bay
Deep Water Bay
and Repulse Bay. 88.5% of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island's residents are of Chinese descent. The largest ethnic minority groups are Filipinos (4%), Indonesians (2.4%), and White people
White people
(2.4%).[5] 80.2% of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island's residents use Cantonese
Cantonese
as their usual language, while 8% use English and 1.9% use Mandarin.[5] Transport[edit]

Admiralty MTR
MTR
station, the cross-platform interchange station of the Island Line, South Island Line
South Island Line
and Tsuen Wan Line

The Island Line of the MTR
MTR
underground railway network runs exclusively on Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island, from Kennedy Town
Kennedy Town
in the west to Chai Wan in the east, along the northern coastline of the island. Tsuen Wan Line and Tseung Kwan O Line
Tseung Kwan O Line
have cross-platform interchange stations with the Island Line which extend the metro transport northward across the Victoria Harbour. Tung Chung Line
Tung Chung Line
and Airport Express which connect to the Lantau Island
Lantau Island
and international airport share one single station on the island at Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Station, north to Central Station and provide pedestrian link between the 2 stations within paid area. The South Island Line
South Island Line
will provide metro service from Admiralty to Ap Lei Chau via Wong Chuk Hang. This line is expected to inaugurate in December 2016 and relieve the congested Aberdeen Tunnel
Aberdeen Tunnel
during rush hour. North South Corridor, the southward extension of the East Rail Line will also terminate at Admiralty and stop by the Hong Kong Convention and Exhibition Centre before leaving the island, providing direct metro service to the Hong Kong– Shenzhen
Shenzhen
border checkpoints. This line is tentatively expected to open in 2021. North Island Line is planned to extend Tung Chung Line
Tung Chung Line
and Tseung Kwan O Line
Tseung Kwan O Line
to be met at Tamar Station. The majority of the extended sections will be situated beneath the reclaimed land of the northern coastline of the island. The project is aimed at sharing the load of the already busy Island Line, but it will not begin construction before 2020. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Tramways and the Peak Tram
Peak Tram
run exclusively on Hong Kong Island, which run from Kennedy Town
Kennedy Town
to Shau Kei Wan, with a branch links from Causeway Bay
Causeway Bay
to Happy Valley and the Central District to Victoria Peak
Victoria Peak
respectively. Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island is connected to the Kowloon
Kowloon
Peninsula on the mainland by two road-only tunnels (the Cross-Harbour Tunnel
Tunnel
and the Western Harbour Tunnel), two MTR
MTR
railway tunnels ( Tsuen Wan Line
Tsuen Wan Line
and Tung Chung Line) and one combined road and MTR
MTR
rail link tunnel (Eastern Harbour Tunnel, containing the Tseung Kwan O Line
Tseung Kwan O Line
and road traffic in separate conduits running side by side). A fourth rail link (Shatin to Central Link from Causeway Bay
Causeway Bay
to Hung Hom) and a fourth harbour-crossing tunnel are being planned in order to solve the congested traffic of the current tunnels in peak hours. There is no bridge between the island and the mainland. A bridge connects Ap Lei Chau and Wong Chuk Hang
Wong Chuk Hang
of Aberdeen on Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island. It was opened in 1983 with two lanes and was expanded to four in 1994. Another bridge that connects the two will be used by the South Island Line
South Island Line
of MTR
MTR
in 2016. See also[edit]

Hong Kong
Hong Kong
portal

Hong Kong List of areas of Hong Kong List of streets and roads in Hong Kong Islands and peninsulas of Hong Kong Country parks and conservation in Hong Kong Queen's Road Des Voeux Road Connaught Road

References[edit]

^ Census and Statistics Department (2008), Population and Vital Events (PDF), archived from the original (PDF) on 24 August 2009, retrieved 31 August 2009  ^ Booth, Martin. Gweilo: A memoir of a Hong Kong
Hong Kong
childhood, Bantam Books, 2005. ISBN 0-553-81672-1, pp108, 173 ^ The Professor and the Madman, Simon Winchester, Harper, ISBN 978-0-06-083978-9, p8, ^ T. L. Tsim (Jan 1, 1989). The Other Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Report 1989. Chinese University Press. p. 391.  ^ a b District Profiles, Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Census, 2011, retrieved 27 September 2013 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island.

Map of Hong Kong
Hong Kong
in 1844

v t e

Major islands of Hong Kong

By size

Lantau Island Hong Kong
Hong Kong
Island Lamma Island Chek Lap Kok Tsing Yi Kau Sai Chau Po Toi
Po Toi
Islands

Po Toi Waglan

Cheung Chau Tung Lung Chau Crooked Island Double Island Hei Ling Chau Grass Island Ap Lei Chau Soko Islands

Tai A Chau Siu A Chau

Ping Chau Peng Chau Ma Wan Ninepin Group The Brothers Green Island Kowloon
Kowloon
Rock Centre Island, Hong Kong

Former islands

Kellett Island Stonecutters Island Hoi Sham Island Channel Rock Pillar Island Mong Chau Chau Tsai Nga Ying Chau Lam Chau Rumsey Rock High Isl

.