Hesham Mohamed Qandil (also spelled: Hisham Kandil ; Arabic:
هشام محمد قنديل pronounced [heˈʃæːm
mæˈħæmmæd ʔænˈdiːl]) (born 17 September 1962) is an Egyptian
engineer and civil servant who was
Prime Minister of Egypt
Prime Minister of Egypt from 2012
to 2013. Qandil was appointed as Prime Minister by President
Mohamed Morsi on 24 July 2012. Qandil previously served as Minister of
Water Resources and Irrigation from 2011 to 2012.
Reuters reported that Qandil was a politically independent senior
public servant in the Morsi administration, but was not popularly
considered to be a likely candidate for the position of prime
minister. Qandil was Egypt's youngest prime minister since Gamal
Abdel Nasser's appointment in 1954. When Morsi was ousted in a coup
d'état by the military in July 2013, Qandil after initially
continuing in his role as prime minister until the formation of a new
government, resigned his post on 8 July 2013 in protest of the
subsequent bloodshed when 51 protesters were killed by the military at
the Republican Guard headquarters. He was arrested on 24 December
2013 and released seven months later on 15 July 2014 after he
was acquitted by the Court of Cassation, which accepted his appeal and
annulled the one-year sentence against him.
1 Early life and education
3 Prime Minister of Egypt
3.1 First Qandil Cabinet
3.2 Second Qandil Cabinet
3.3 Cabinet Resignations
4 Personal life
6 External links
Early life and education
Qandil was born in 1962. He holds a bachelor's degree in
engineering, which he obtained from
Cairo University in 1984. Then
he received a master's degree in irrigation and drainage engineering
Utah State University
Utah State University in 1988 and a Ph.D. in biological and
agricultural engineering with a minor in water resources from North
Carolina State University in 1993.
After graduation, Qandil joined the Egyptian civil service in the
water resources department in 1985. He was granted a presidential
award in 1995 for services to irrigation, and was promoted to office
director for the minister of water resources from 1999 to 2005.
He participated in the work of the Nile Basin Initiative, was an
observer member of the Joint Egyptian-Sudanese Water Authority, and
helped launch the African Water Council. He was also Chief of Water
Resources at the African Development Bank, a position he held for
approximately six years, from 2004 to early 2011. He returned to Egypt
following the revolution to help rebuild the country. In 2011, he was
appointed Minister of Water Resources and Irrigation as part of Prime
Minister Essam Sharaf's second cabinet.
Prime Minister of Egypt
On 24 July 2012, Qandil was appointed as Prime Minister by President
Mohamed Morsi. His appointment was seen as unexpected by the Arab
media, including The Majalla. On 2 August 2012, the newly formed
Egyptian cabinet was sworn in consisting of a technocrat-dominated
government, with a few political parties (the Freedom and Justice
Party, the Al-Wasat Party, and the Renaissance Party).
First Qandil Cabinet
Qandil's first cabinet consisted of 35 ministers, including
technocrats, the Freedom and Justice Party members, the Al-Wasat Party
members, and the Renaissance Party members.
Second Qandil Cabinet
On 6 January 2013, ten ministers in the first cabinet of Qandil were
changed. The reshuffle included ministry of finance, ministry of
local development, ministry of transportation, ministry of legal
affairs and parliamentary councils, ministry of electricity, ministry
of interior, ministry of supply and social affairs, ministry of
environment, ministry of communications and ministry of civil
aviation. Following the reshuffle, the number of the ministers who
were the members of the Freedom and Justice Party increased to eight
in the cabinet.
On 1 July 2013, five cabinet members resigned together; they were
Hisham Zazou, the tourism minister, Atef Helmi, the communications and
IT minister, Hatem Bagato, the state minister for legal and
parliamentary affairs, Abdel Qawi Khalifa, the irrigation minister,
and Khaled Abdel Aal, the environment minister. Mohamed Kamel Amr,
the foreign minister, resigned as well. The sports minister, El
Amry Farouk, resigned on 2 July 2013.
See also: 2013 Egyptian coup d'état
On 3 July 2013, an Egyptian appeals court upheld a verdict dismissing
Qandil of his duties and sentenced him to one year in prison for not
executing a court ruling to re-nationalize the Tanta Flax and Oil
Company. Subsequently, on the same day, a military coup unfolded
deposing President Morsi from office and resulted in his detainment by
the Egyptian army, along with other leading Muslim Brotherhood
figures. On 8 July 2013, Prime Minister Qandil submitted his
resignation effective immediately in protest of the subsequent
bloodshed to the recent coup d'état when 51 protesters were killed by
the military at the Republican Guard headquarters. He had initially
decided to remain in his position as a caretaker PM until the
formation of a new government. In late September 2013, the
Cairo Misdemeanor Court upheld the sentence against Qandil and he was
arrested on 24 December 2013. On 13 July 2014, the Court of
Cassation accepted Qandil's appeal and abolished the verdict to
imprison him for a year, to remove him from his job and to fine him
2,000 Egyptian pounds ($285). He was subsequently released on 15
Qandil is married and has five daughters.
^ "Qandil steps down". Daily News Egypt. 8 July 2013. Retrieved 24
^ a b Perry, Tom (24 July 2012). "Egypt's Mursi names little-known
water minister as PM". Reuters. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
^ a b c d e "Profile:
Egypt Prime Minister Hisham Qandil". BBC. 3
August 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 31 May 2015.
Retrieved 9 June 2015.
^ a b "
Egypt police arrest Morsi-era PM Hisham Qandil". Ahram Online.
24 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
^ a b "Morsi's PM Hisham Qandil released". Ahram Online. 15 July
^ a b "Qandil:
Egypt faces difficult challenges and needs justice".
Middle East Monitor. 16 July 2014.
^ a b "
Egypt court annuls imprisonment of ex-PM Hisham Qandil". Ahram
Online. 13 July 2014.
^ "Profile: Egypt's new PM Hisham Kandil". Al Ahram. 24 July 2012.
Retrieved 24 December 2013.
^ "NC State Alumnus Named Egyptian Prime Minister". North Carolina
State University. 25 July 2012. Archived from the original on 22 April
2014. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
^ "Egypt's New Prime Minister: An Unusual Suspect". Al Akhbar
^ "Hesham Qandil". Carnegie Endowment. Archived from the original on
25 December 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
^ a b Khojji, Zaynab (10 August 2012). "A Humble Prime Minister". The
Majalla. Retrieved 3 February 2013.
^ Luiz Sanchez; Ahmed Aboul Enein (2 August 2012). "Qandil cabinet
presents final list of nominees to be sworn in". Daily News Egypt.
Retrieved 9 September 2012.
^ a b "Details emerge on new ministers in Cabinet reshuffle". Egypt
Independent. Al Masry Al Youm. 6 January 2013. Retrieved 24 December
^ Shalaby, Ethar (6 January 2013). "Ten new ministers take oath in
Cabinet reshuffle". Daily News. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
^ Fouly, Mahmoud (6 January 2013). "Egypt's 10-minister cabinet
reshuffle meets with opposition dissatisfaction". Xinhua. Archived
from the original on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 24 December
Egypt ministers resign amid unrest Al Jazeera July 2013
^ Mohamed Kamel Amr,
Egypt Foreign Minister, Reportedly Resign The
Huffington Post 1 July 2013
^ "Egyptian sports minister resigns". Anadolu Agency. 2 July 2013.
Retrieved 2 July 2013.
^ "Court upholds verdict sacking Morsi's PM Qandil, sentencing him to
prison". Ahram Online. 3 July 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
^ "Out with the old". Mada Masr. 8 July 2013.
^ "Cairo court upholds ruling against ex-PM Hesham Qandil". Ahram
Online. 30 September 2013. Retrieved 24 December 2013.
Media related to
Hesham Qandil at Wikimedia Commons
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Prime Ministers of
A. F. Mohieddin
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