HESHAM MOHAMED QANDIL (also spelled: Hisham Kandil ; Arabic :
هشام محمد قنديل pronounced ) (born 17 September 1962)
is an Egyptian engineer and civil servant who was Prime Minister of
* 1 Early life and education * 2 Career
* 4 Personal life * 5 References * 6 External links
EARLY LIFE AND EDUCATION
Qandil was born in 1962. He holds a bachelor's degree in
engineering, which he obtained from
After graduation, Qandil joined the Egyptian civil service in the
water resources department in 1985. He was granted a presidential
award in 1995 for services to irrigation, and was promoted to office
director for the minister of water resources from 1999 to 2005. He
participated in the work of the Nile Basin Initiative, was an observer
member of the Joint Egyptian-Sudanese Water Authority, and helped
launch the African Water Council. He was also Chief of Water Resources
African Development Bank , a position he held for approximately
six years, from 2004 to early 2011. He returned to
PRIME MINISTER OF EGYPT
On 24 July 2012, Qandil was appointed as Prime Minister by President
FIRST QANDIL CABINET
Qandil's first cabinet consisted of 35 ministers, including technocrats, the Freedom and Justice Party members, the Al-Wasat Party members, and the Renaissance Party members.
SECOND QANDIL CABINET
On 6 January 2013, ten ministers in the first cabinet of Qandil were changed. The reshuffle included ministry of finance, ministry of local development, ministry of transportation, ministry of legal affairs and parliamentary councils, ministry of electricity, ministry of interior, ministry of supply and social affairs, ministry of environment, ministry of communications and ministry of civil aviation. Following the reshuffle, the number of the ministers who were the members of the Freedom and Justice Party increased to eight in the cabinet.
On 1 July 2013, five cabinet members resigned together; they were Hisham Zazou , the tourism minister, Atef Helmi , the communications and IT minister, Hatem Bagato, the state minister for legal and parliamentary affairs, Abdel Qawi Khalifa , the irrigation minister, and Khaled Abdel Aal, the environment minister. Mohamed Kamel Amr , the foreign minister, resigned as well. The sports minister, El Amry Farouk , resigned on 2 July 2013.
See also: 2013 Egyptian coup d\'état
On 3 July 2013, an Egyptian appeals court upheld a verdict dismissing Qandil of his duties and sentenced him to one year in prison for not executing a court ruling to re-nationalize the Tanta Flax and Oil Company . Subsequently, on the same day, a military coup unfolded deposing President Morsi from office and resulted in his detainment by the Egyptian army, along with other leading Muslim Brotherhood figures. On 8 July 2013, Prime Minister Qandil submitted his resignation effective immediately in protest of the subsequent bloodshed to the recent coup d'état when 51 protesters were killed by the military at the Republican Guard headquarters. He had initially decided to remain in his position as a caretaker PM until the formation of a new government. In late September 2013, the Cairo Misdemeanor Court upheld the sentence against Qandil and he was arrested on 24 December 2013. On 13 July 2014, the Court of Cassation accepted Qandil's appeal and abolished the verdict to imprison him for a year, to remove him from his job and to fine him 2,000 Egyptian pounds ($285). He was subsequently released on 15 July 2014.
Qandil is married and has five daughters.
* ^ "Qandil steps down". Daily News Egypt. 8 July 2013. Retrieved
24 December 2013.
* ^ A B Perry, Tom (24 July 2012). "Egypt\'s Mursi names
little-known water minister as PM". Reuters. Retrieved 24 December
* ^ A B C D E "Profile: