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The Info List - High Alemannic


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High Alemannic is a dialect of Alemannic German
Alemannic German
spoken in the westernmost Austrian state
Austrian state
of Voralberg, on the border with Switzerland
Switzerland
and Liechtenstein.

Contents

1 Language area 2 Subdivision 3 Features 4 References

Language area[edit] The High Alemannic dialects are spoken in Liechtenstein
Liechtenstein
and in most of German-speaking Switzerland
Switzerland
(Swiss Plateau), except for the Highest Alemannic dialects in the Swiss Alps
Swiss Alps
and for the Low Alemannic (Basel German) dialect in the North West. Therefore, High Alemannic must not be confused with the term "Swiss German", which refers to all Alemannic dialects of Switzerland
Switzerland
as opposed to Swiss variant of Standard German, the literary language of diglossic German-speaking Switzerland. In Germany, High Alemannic dialects are spoken in Southern Baden-Württemberg, i.e. the Markgräflerland
Markgräflerland
and in the adjacent area south of Freiburg im Breisgau
Freiburg im Breisgau
up to the Black Forest
Black Forest
(Schönau). It is also spoken in the southern Sundgau
Sundgau
region beyond the Upper Rhine, which is part of Alsace, France. In Vorarlberg
Vorarlberg
in Western Austria, a form of High Alemannic is spoken around the Rheintal
Rheintal
as well. Subdivision[edit] High Alemannic is traditionally subdivided in an Eastern and Western language area (Sprachraum), marked by the Brünig-Napf-Reuss line isogloss crossing the Swiss cantons of Aargau
Aargau
and Lucerne (Luzern). Eastern High Alemannic (for instance Zurich German) and Western High Alemannic German
Alemannic German
(for instance Bernese German) differ in pronunciation of diphthongs and in pluralization. Features[edit] The distinctive feature of the High Alemannic dialects is the completion of the High German consonant shift, for instance chalt [xalt] 'cold' vs. Low Alemannic and standard German 'kalt' [kʰalt]

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