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Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
/ˈhɛməl ˈhɛmpstɪd/ is a new town in Hertfordshire, England. Located 24 miles (39 km) northwest of London, it is part of the Greater London
Greater London
Urban Area. The population according to the 2001 Census was 81,143, and at the 2011 census was 94,932.[1] Developed after the Second World War
Second World War
as a new town, it has existed as a settlement since the 8th century and was granted its town charter by King Henry VIII in 1539. It is part of the district (and borough since 1984) of Dacorum
Dacorum
and the Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
constituency.

Contents

1 History

1.1 Origin of the name 1.2 Early history 1.3 18th to mid-20th century 1.4 New town

2 Geography 3 Districts 4 Developments since the new town 5 Commerce, industry and agriculture

5.1 Historical 5.2 Present day

6 Transport 7 Sport 8 Schools 9 Political representation 10 Twinned towns 11 Notable features

11.1 Public art

12 Notable events 13 Notable people 14 Film, television and entertainment

14.1 Film and television production 14.2 The Pavilion

15 Art and photograph gallery 16 References 17 Further reading 18 Footnotes 19 External links

History[edit] Origin of the name[edit] The settlement was called by the name Henamsted or Hean-Hempsted in Anglo-Saxon
Anglo-Saxon
times and in William the Conqueror's time by the name of Hemel-Amstede.[2] The name is referred to in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
as "Hamelamestede",[3] but in later centuries it became Hamelhamsted, and, possibly, Hemlamstede.[4] In Old English, "-stead" or "-stede" simply meant a place, such as the site of a building or pasture, as in clearing in the woods, and this suffix is used in the names of other English places such as Hamstead and Berkhamsted.[5] It is theoretically possible for a previous name to have become corrupted to something very similar to Hempsted, & that "Hemel" originated as a way of specifying Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
as opposed to nearby Berkhamsted. Hemel is similar to the German "Himmel", which means 'heaven' or 'sky', so it could be that Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
was in a less forested area open to the sky, while Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
(which could mean 'birch') was in a forest of birch trees. Another opinion is that Hemel probably came from "Haemele" which was the name of the district in the 8th century and is most likely either the name of the land owner, or could mean "broken country".[6][7] The town is now known to residents as "Hemel" and is often colloquialized to "'emel", however before the Second World War
Second World War
locals called it "Hempstead". Emigrants from Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
migrated to the area which is now Hempstead, New York, including the surrounding areas such as Roosevelt, in the late 17th century.[8] Early history[edit]

The Norman church of St Mary's (1140)

The first recorded mention of the town is the grant of land at Hamaele by Offa, King of Essex, to the Saxon Bishop of London
Bishop of London
in AD 705. Hemel Hempstead on its present site is mentioned in the Domesday Book
Domesday Book
of 1086 as a vill, Hamelhamstede, with about 100 inhabitants. The parish church of St Mary's was built in 1140, and is recognised as one of the finest Norman parish churches in the county.[citation needed] The church features an unusual 200-foot-tall (61 m) spire, added in the 12th century, one of Europe's tallest.[citation needed] After the Norman conquest, Robert, Count of Mortain, the elder half-brother of William the Conqueror, was granted lands associated with Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
Castle which included Hemel Hempstead. The estates passed through several hands over the next few centuries including Thomas Becket
Thomas Becket
in 1162. Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
was in the Domesday hundred of Danais (Daneys, i.e. Danish) which by 1200 had been combined with the hundred of Tring
Tring
to form the hundred of Dacorum,[9] which maintained its court into the 19th century. In 1290 King John's grandson, the Earl of Cornwall, gave the manor to the religious order of the Bonhommes when he endowed the monastery at Ashridge. The town remained part of the monastery's estates until the Reformation and break-up of Ashridge in 1539. In that same year, the town was granted a royal charter by Henry VIII to become a bailiwick with the right to hold a Thursday market and a fair on Corpus Christi Day. The first bailiff of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
was William Stephyns (29 December 1539). Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
Anne Boleyn
are reputed to have stayed in the town at this time.[10] Unusually fine medieval wall paintings from the period between 1470 and 1500 were discovered in some cottages in Piccotts End, very close to Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
in 1953. This same building had been converted into the first cottage hospital providing free medical services by Sir Astley Cooper
Astley Cooper
in 1827.[11] In 1581, a group of local people acquired lands – now referred to as Boxmoor
Boxmoor
– from the Earl of Leicester
Earl of Leicester
to prevent their enclosure. These were transferred to trustees in 1594. These have been used for public grazing and they are administered by the Box Moor Trust. Remains of Roman villa
Roman villa
farming settlements have been found at Boxmoor and Gadebridge which span the entire period of Roman Britain. A well preserved Roman burial mound is located in Highfield.[12] 18th to mid-20th century[edit]

Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Old Town

Gadebridge House
Gadebridge House
(demolished 1963)

In the 18th and 19th centuries, Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
was an agricultural market town. Wealthy landowners built a few large country houses in the locality, including The Bury, built in 1790, and Gadebridge House, erected by the noted surgeon and anatomist Sir Astley Cooper
Astley Cooper
in 1811.[13] As the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
gained momentum, commercial travel between the Midlands and London increased greatly. Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
was located on a direct route between these areas of industry and commerce, initially when the Sparrows Herne Turnpike Road
Sparrows Herne Turnpike Road
opened in 1762. In 1793 construction began on the Grand Junction Canal, a major project to provide a freight waterway between the Midlands and the Port of London. In 1798, the canal from the Thames reached Two Waters, just south of Hemel Hempstead, and opened fully in 1805.[14]

The Nickey Line
Nickey Line
railway (closed 1949)

Hemel's position on the commercial transport network was established further in 1837 when the route of the new London and Birmingham Railway reached the town. The line's construction had been delayed for several years by vigorous lobbying by a number of powerful local landowners, including Sir Astley Cooper
Astley Cooper
of Gadebridge House, who were all keen to protect their estates from invasion by the "iron horse". Their campaign was successful and the main line was routed along the River Bulbourne
River Bulbourne
instead of the River Gade, skirting around the edge of Hemel Hempstead. As a result, the railway station serving Hemel Hempstead was built one mile outside the town centre at Boxmoor; Boxmoor
Boxmoor
and Hemel Hempstead railway station
Hemel Hempstead railway station
(today's Hemel Hempstead railway station) opened in 1837.[15] The railways continued to expand and in 1877 a new route opened connecting Boxmoor
Boxmoor
to the Midland Railway at Harpenden. The Harpenden
Harpenden
to Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
branch railway — affectionately known as the Nickey Line
Nickey Line
— crossed the town centre on a long, curved viaduct, eventually serving three local stations in the town at Heath Park Halt, Hemel Hempsted (Midland) and Godwin's Halt.[16] Despite the incursion of various forms of transport, Hemel remained principally an agricultural market town throughout the 19th century. In the last decades of that century development of houses and villas for London commuters began. Hemel steadily expanded, but only became a borough on 13 July 1898. During the Second World War
Second World War
ninety high explosive bombs were dropped on the town by the Luftwaffe. The most notorious incident was on 10 May 1942 when a stick of bombs demolished houses at Nash Mills
Nash Mills
killing eight people. The nearby Dickinson factories which were used to produce munitions, were the target.[17] New town[edit] After the Second World War, in 1946, the government designated Hemel Hempstead as the site of one of its proposed new towns designed to house the population displaced by the London Blitz, since slums and bombsites were being cleared in London.[18] On 4 February 1947, the Government purchased 5,910 acres (23.9 km2) of land and began work on the "New Town". The first new residents moved in during April 1949, and the town continued its planned expansion through to the end of the 1980s. Hemel grew to its present population of 80,000, with new developments enveloping the original town on all sides. The original part of Hemel is still known as the "Old Town".

Marlowes shopping centre and pedestrianised high street

Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
was announced as candidate No 3 for a New Town in July 1946, in accordance with the government's "policy for the decentralisation of persons and industry from London". Initially there was much resistance and hostility to the plan from locals, especially when it was revealed that any development would be carried out not by the local council but by a newly appointed government body, the Hemel Hempstead Development Corporation (later amalgamated with similar bodies to form the Commission for New Towns). However, following a public inquiry the following year, the town got the go-ahead. Hemel officially became a New Town on 4 February 1947. The initial plans for the New Town were drawn up by architect Geoffrey Jellicoe. His view of Hemel Hempstead, he said, was "not a city in a garden, but a city in a park." However, the plans were not well received by most locals. Revised, and less radical plans were drawn up, and the first developments proceeded despite local protests in July 1948. The first area to be developed was Adeyfield. At this time the plans for a revolutionary double roundabout at Moor End were first put forward, but in fact it was not until 1973 that the roundabout was opened as it was originally designed. (It was quickly christened 'The Magic Roundabout' by locals, echoing the name of the children's TV show.) The first houses erected as part of the New Town plan were in Longlands, Adeyfield, and went up in the spring of 1949. The first new residents moved in early 1950. At this time, work started on building new factories and industrial areas, to avoid the town becoming a dormitory town. The first factory was erected in 1950 in Maylands Avenue. As building progressed with continuing local opposition, the town was becoming increasingly popular with those moving in from areas of north London. By the end of 1951, there was a waiting list of about 10,000 wishing to move to Hemel. The neighbourhoods of Bennett's End, Chaulden
Chaulden
and Warner's End were started. The Queen paid a visit shortly after her accession in 1952, and laid a foundation stone for a new church in Adeyfield
Adeyfield
– one of her first public engagements as Queen. The shopping square she visited is named Queen's Square, and the nearby area has street names commemorating the then-recent conquest of Everest, such as Hilary and Tenzing Road. This conquest is also celebrated in the name of a pub in Warners End – the 'Top of the World'.

Riverside, extension to the Marlowes shopping precinct opened 2005

The redevelopment of the town centre was started in 1952, with a new centre based on Marlowe's south of the old town. This was alongside a green area called the Water Gardens, designed by Jellicoe, formed by ponding back the River Gade. The old centre of the High Street was to remain largely undeveloped, though the market square closed and was replaced by a much larger one in the new centre. The former private estate of Gadebridge was opened up as a public park. New schools and roads were built to serve the expanding new neighbourhoods. New housing technology such as prefabrication started to be used from the mid-'50s, and house building rates increased dramatically. Highfield was the next neighbourhood to be constructed. The M1 motorway
M1 motorway
opened to the east in 1959, and a new road connecting it to the town was opened. By 1962, the redevelopment of the new town as originally envisaged was largely complete, though further expansion plans were then put forward. The nearby United States Air Force
United States Air Force
base of Bovingdon, which had served as the town's de facto airport, reverted to RAF use at this time, continuing as an active military airfield until 1971. A campus of West Herts College, the library, new police station and the Pavilion (theatre and music venue) were all built during the 1960s. The town seemed to attract its fair share of celebrity openings, with shops and businesses opened by Frankie Vaughan, Benny Hill, Terry-Thomas, and the new cinema was opened by Hollywood star Lauren Bacall. The last of the originally-planned neighbourhoods, Grovehill, began construction in 1967. However, further neighbourhoods of Woodhall Farm
Woodhall Farm
and Fields End
Fields End
were later built as part of the extended plans. Like other first generation new towns, Hemel is divided into residential neighbourhoods, each with their own "village centre" with shops, pubs and services. Each neighbourhood is designed around a few major feeder roads with many smaller cul-de-sacs and crescents, intended to minimise traffic and noise nuisance. In keeping with the optimism of the early post-war years, much of the town features modernist architecture with many unusual and experimental designs for housing. Not all of these have stood the test of time. A significant issue was how to choose names for all the new roads. Many areas of the new town used themes e.g. fields, birds, rivers, poets, explorers, leaders, etc. In 1974, the government abolished the Borough of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and the town was incorporated into Dacorum
Dacorum
District, along with Tring
Tring
and Berkhamsted. The first chairman of that council was chairman John Johnson (1913–1977). In the 1980s, Dacorum
Dacorum
District Council successfully lobbied to be recognised as the successor for the Royal Charter establishing the Borough of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and thus regained the Mayor and its Aldermen and became Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough. At the 2001 census, Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
was the most populated urban area in Hertfordshire, narrowly more populated than its traditionally "larger" rival, Watford. Geography[edit]

Neighbouring areas

Leighton Buzzard Luton Harpenden

Berkhamsted

Hemel Hempstead

St Albans

Chesham Watford Radlett

Aerial view of Hemel Hempstead

Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
grew up in a shallow chalkland valley at the confluence of the rivers Gade and Bulbourne, 27 miles (43 km) northwest of central London. The New Town expansion took place up the valley sides and on to the plateau above the original Old Town. To the north and west lie mixed farm and woodland with scattered villages, part of the Chiltern Hills. To the west lies Berkhamsted. The River Bulbourne
River Bulbourne
flows along the south-western edge of the town through Boxmoor. To the south lies Watford
Watford
and the beginnings of the Greater London
Greater London
conurbation. To the east lies St Albans, a historic cathedral and market town and now like Hemel Hempstead, part of the London commuter belt. Possibly the best view of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
in its physical setting is from the top of Roughdown Common, a chalk hill to the south of the town, at TL 049 055. Districts[edit]

Post-war 1950s housing typical of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
New Town. Kiln Ground, Bennetts End.

The grand design for Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
newtown saw each new district centred around a parade or square of shops called a neighbourhood centre. Other districts existed before the newtown as suburbs, villages and industrial centres and were incorporated into the town.

Adeyfield
Adeyfield
– Located on a hill to the east of the Old Town, this was the first of the New Town districts to be started. The first four families of Hemel Hempstead's new town moved into their homes in Adeyfield
Adeyfield
on Wednesday, 8 February 1950. Apsley – a 19th-century mill town a mile south of Old Hemel which grew up around the paper making industry – notably the John Dickinson Stationery mills. Now a suburb of Hemel with many warehouse outlets set in retail parks, a large office facility for Hertfordshire County Council and a large Sainsbury's
Sainsbury's
supermarket. Bennetts End
Bennetts End
– Located on the rising ground to the south east and another original district of the new town. Construction began in 1951 and by autumn 1952, 300 houses were occupied. Boxmoor
Boxmoor
– A mostly Victorian era
Victorian era
developed district to the southwest which grew up because of its proximity to the London Midland and Scottish Railway station and trains to London. Chaulden
Chaulden
– an early new town district, west of the town, commenced in 1953 with its own neighbourhood shopping centre. Corner Hall – an estate adjacent to the Plough Roundabout
Roundabout
frequently thought to be part of Apsley. Bounded by Lawn Lane and St Albans
St Albans
Hill. Cupid Green – an industrial area estate north east of the town and home to its recycling centre. Felden
Felden
Felden
Felden
is a partly rural area south west of Hemel Hempstead that has many wealthy detached houses. It is home to the national headquarters of the Boys' Brigade. Gadebridge – A later 1960s development located north west of the old town around the Rossgate shopping parade. Grovehill
Grovehill
Grovehill
Grovehill
is a housing estate towards the northern edge of Hemel Hempstead. It was developed as part of the second wave of development of the New Town commencing in 1967 and completed in stages by the early 1980s. Within the estate there are such features as 'Henry Wells Square' containing local shops, an off licence and a pub. The estate also contains ' Grovehill
Grovehill
Community Centre', the local ' Grovehill
Grovehill
Playing Fields', home to many football pitches, a baseball ground and changing facilities. Grovehill
Grovehill
also incorporates various churches, a doctor's surgery and a dental surgery as well as several schools including the Astley Cooper
Astley Cooper
School. Highfield – a district of the original new town located north of the old town. Leverstock Green
Leverstock Green
– A village 2½ miles east of the old town which pre-existed the new town and which has now been subsumed into it, although retaining its original village centre. It was once a popular place for actors and artists to live. Nash Mills
Nash Mills
– a historic name for a district beside the River Gade downstream and southeast of the town which had water mills present since at least the 11th century. It is now a mix of industrial use and housing from the 19th century through to small modern developments. Warner's End – an original new town residential district on chalk upland to the west of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
where work commenced in 1953. Woodhall Farm
Woodhall Farm
– A housing estate on the north eastern edge of town towards Redbourn. Woodhall Farm
Woodhall Farm
was built in the mid to late 1970s on the former Brock's Fireworks site with a mix of private and housing association stock. Built by Fairview Estates it has property ranging from four-bedroom detached houses down to one bedroom low-rise flats. The area has a shopping centre with a Sainsbury's, newsagents, takeaway and off-licence. It also has two infant schools and middle schools and a doctor's surgery serving the local area.

Developments since the new town[edit]

Apsley Lock Marina on the Grand Union Canal, Hemel Hempstead

Jarman Park, the central location for leisure in the town, was previously agricultural land, which later becomes fields named after former town councilor and mayor, Henry Jarman, who oversaw the development of the New Town. The developments were built on land originally donated to the town for recreational purposes.[citation needed] Replacement open space was created to the east of the town, near Leverstock Green, Longdean Park and Nash Mills. The first phase of recreational facilities, which opened in 1978, was the Loco Motion Skate Park. Subsequently, it became a dry ski slope with a small nursery (Jack & Jill's) next to it. Both areas were removed to make way for the Snow Centre which opened in 2009. A Tesco superstore was built in 1994 along with a petrol station, which was later expanded into a Tesco
Tesco
Extra complete with a new Harris + Hoole coffee shop on the first floor. It was the first to be built with natural light let in[citation needed]. The Jarman Square complex opened on 25 August 1995 (formerly named Leisure World and managed by The Rank Organisation,) currently managed by the Tesco
Tesco
Pension Fund. The current 17 screen Cineworld
Cineworld
is its flagship attraction, with a Starbucks
Starbucks
as part of it. In addition to the cinema inside Jarman Square there is an ice rink (Planet Ice, originally Silver Blades) several restaurants including Prezzo, Nando's, Bella Italia, Chiquito, Frankie & Benny's, Subway and Hungry Horse, and a gym operated by The Gym Group. When it was opened as Leisure World, the cinema originally had 8 screens and was operated by Odeon Cinemas, and later managed by Empire Cinemas until August 2016. The complex also included the upstairs Toddlerworld play area, the Aquasplash water park, Hotshots, which was a 30 lane ten pin bowling facility with a bar, Jarman Park Bowls
Bowls
Club, which was an upstairs bowls facility with 7 rinks, a Burger King, a Pizza Hut, a large arcade in the middle of the building, snooker and pool tables, a discothèque called Visage, later named Lava, a nightclub named Ethos, later named Ignite and a themed bar named Jumpin Jaks, later named JJ's, as well as the aforementioned ice rink. It was built at a cost of £22 million[19] and even had its own mascots, Larry the aquatic creature and Pierre the ice skating polar bear.[20] Toddlerworld closed in 2004 for unknown reasons. The nightclub, discothèque, themed bar and Hotshots all closed in 2011 due to their parent company Luminar Leisure
Luminar Leisure
going into administration. Aquasplash closed in early 2014 to make way for new developments. The Pizza Hut
Pizza Hut
then left at the end of the same year. In 2012 plans were submitted by the then landlords Capital & Regional to redevelop the site. It proposed a collection of family friendly cafes & restaurants, with Aquasplash closing down, with a brand new play area, gym and bowling alley with the ice rink and cinema. The Leisure World complex would be demolished as soon as the new unnamed project is completed. This was expected to begin construction in summer 2012 and be completed in early spring 2013. However, no developments took place for a couple of years. The ice rink was also proposed to close, a move seen as controversial by many locals. But after a lengthy campaign from activists, the ice rink was saved. Finally, in July 2014, demolition of the old nightclubs and the Aquasplash began, to be replaced by a new plan from new landlords featuring new restaurants and a gym, which opened between December 2014 and June 2015. The cinema continued to operate while the ice rink went under refurbishment. The cinema then revealed it was planning to expand from 8 screens to 17, with the old bowling alley, arcade, snooker & pool, bowls, Burger King
Burger King
and play area were becoming a new set of cinemas, while 6 of the original screens would become new restaurants. The remaining originals were converted into 3 screens, with Screens 8 becoming one of the cinema's own brand IMPACT screens, Screen 7 being used for the foyer and toilets, and Screen 6 becoming one large 281 IMAX
IMAX
auditorium. There is also a conference room and a children's party room added to the complex as well, with new staff toilets, offices and a staff room. The IMAX
IMAX
opening on 17 December 2015 and the IMPACT Blue opening on 26 February 2016, while the others opened in late October the same year. As well as the new screens,[21] A new Prezzo restaurant opened in July where the former Pizza Hut
Pizza Hut
was located.[22] On August 12, the cinema transferred ownership from Empire to Cineworld.[23] Under them, the entrance was refurbished with a Baskin Robbins
Baskin Robbins
kiosk in March 2017, with a Starbucks
Starbucks
opened also opened as part of the cinema in May 2016. At the same time, the new 'Superscreen' Screen 2 was opened.'[24] Most recently, the Coast To Coast restaurant that opened there in 2015 has shut down.[25] There is also an athletics track used by the local sports group Sportspace that opened in 1996, with a small children's play park next to it which was refurbished mid 2015. It is also used by local schools for sports days. The most recent facilities, which opened in July 2011 and was built on a small unused park, is an extreme sports centre called XC, which contains a skate park, caving, climbing walls, high ropes, a café and counselling rooms for young people. It is co-run by Youth Connexions and Sportspace, and was built on land for a small park. In the centre of Jarman Park, there is also a McDonald's restaurant that has been open since 1995 and was refurbished in 2012. The former John Dickinson Stationery
John Dickinson Stationery
mills site, straddling the canal at Apsley, was redeveloped with two retail parks, a Sainsbury's supermarket, 3 low rise office blocks, housing, a mooring basin and a hotel. A further office block was also built. Some buildings have been retained for their historic interest and to provide a home for the Paper Museum. An indoor shopping mall was developed adjacent to the south end of the Marlowe's retail area in 1990, and in 2005 the Riverside development designed by Bernard Engle Architects was opened, effectively extending the main shopping precinct towards the Plough Roundabout. The new centre includes several outlets for national retailers including Debenhams, Starbucks, Waterstones
Waterstones
and more. These two developments have moved the "centre of gravity" of the retail centre away from the north end of Marlowe's has become an area for secondary outlets. Further extensive redevelopment of the northern end of Marlowes was also given the green light in 2007 and has now been completed. In late 2014, the "Hemel Evolution " project by the council began, with £30 million devoted to improving the town centre's appearance. To begin, the Old Town was refurbished with new paving, signage, and landscaping.[26] The old council buildings and library have closed down, replaced with a new development named "The Forum", where Dacorum Borough Council, the new library, Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Police's Safer Neighbourhood Team, the Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Registration and Citizenship Service, Dacorum
Dacorum
Community Trust, Mediation Dacorum, Relate and the Citizen's Advice Bureau are all located, having opened in early 2017. 200 new homes will surround the new development. This will be enhanced by a riverside walk/cycle way, with the now disused Market Square becoming more leisure facilities.[27] The Jellicoe Water Gardens are also set to be resorted to their former glory, clearing up the overgrown trees, introducing a new play area, a growing area for picnics and gardening to replace the old play area, a community centre for volunteers, learning organisations and schools, as well as the Friends of the Jellicoe Water Gardens and a new terrace for the flower garden.[28] The Hospital area has new and improved access,[29] while the area around the Plough roundabout received new modern walkways, as well as new lighting, seating and flowers.[30] The pedestrianised high street was also redeveloped, with a new play area and new play equipment around the street, such as coloured balls, slides, a tightrope and trampolines. A large electronic screen has been installed, and the water play fountain was to be converted into one with water jets, with the old sculpture placed on top of a new pillar detailing the work of Geoffrey Jellicoe. Bank Court became a piazza environment for market stalls and the food court received options and improved seating. More lighting will be installed as well.[31] This should all hopefully be completed by the end of 2015. Isle of Man-based residential developer Dandara have redeveloped the old Kodak
Kodak
headquarters into an exclusive block of flats, with a new bridge to go with it. Since the 2005 Buncefield fire
Buncefield fire
the former Maylands Avenue factory estate, badly affected by the fire, has been rebranded as Maylands Business Park and a 40-tonne sculpture by Jose Zavala called Phoenix Gateway placed on the first roundabout off the M1 to symbolise its renewal. The now disused mill site at Nash Mills
Nash Mills
has been redeveloped to build housing and community facilities, it retains some historic buildings and uses various watercourses as amenities. Commerce, industry and agriculture[edit] Historical[edit]

Kodak's former European HQ closed in 2006 (now an apartment block)

Historically, the area was agricultural and was noted for its rich cereal production. The agricultural journalist William Cobbett
William Cobbett
noted of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
in 1822 that "..the land along here is very fine: a red tenacious flinty loam upon a bed of chalk at a yard or two beneath, which, in my opinion, is the very best corn land that we have in England."[32] By the 18th century the grain market in Hemel was one of the largest in the country. In 1797 there were 11 watermills working in the vicinity of the town.[33] The chalk on which Hemel is largely built has had commercial value and has been mined and exploited to improve farmland and for building from the 18th century. In the Highbarns area, now residential, there was a collapse in 2007 of a section of old chalk workings and geological studies have been undertaken to show the extent of these workings.[34] In the 19th century, Hemel was a noted brickmaking, paper manufacturing and straw-plaiting centre. In later 19th and early 20th centuries, Hemel was also a noted watercress growing area, supplying 1/16 of the country's national demand – following development of the New Town, the watercress growing moved to nearby Berkhamsted
Berkhamsted
and Tring. The cress beds were redeveloped as the modern-day Water Gardens. Joseph Cranstone's engineering company was founded in 1798, and was responsible for much of the early street lighting in the town as well as it first gasworks. It became the Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Engineering Company and stayed in business until the Second World War. In 1867 Cranstone's son built a steam powered coach which he drove to London, but which was destroyed in a crash on the return journey. A local Boxmoor
Boxmoor
pub commemorates the event. In 1803 the first automatic papermaking machinery was developed in Hemel by the Fourdrinier brothers at Frogmore. Paper making expanded in the vicinity in the early 19th century and grew into the huge John Dickinson mills in the 20th. A traditional employer in the area was also Brock's, manufacturer of fireworks. The factory was a significant employer since well before the Second World War, and remained in production until the mid-1970s. The present-day neighbourhood of Woodhall Farm
Woodhall Farm
was subsequently built on the site. From 1967 to 1983, it was home to one of the most remarkable newspaper experiments of recent times, when the Thomson Organisation launched the Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Evening Post-Echo. This comprised two evening papers – the Evening Echo and the Evening Post – and was based at a modern headquarters in Mark Road which had previously been used as a hot water bottle factory. The dual operation was conceived by Lord Thomson of Fleet to take on the Northcliffe and Beaverbrook domination of the London evening paper market and tap into what he saw as a major source of consumer advertising. The papers were remarkable not only for technological innovation but also journalistic excellence. Both the Evening Echo and Evening Post won design awards during the late 1960s and early 1970s, but it was the Evening Echo that took the major writing honours, with John Marquis being voted Provincial Journalist of the Year in 1974 and Melanie Phillips
Melanie Phillips
being named Young Journalist of the Year in 1975. Many outstanding journalists worked on both papers during their heyday, with several going on to be editors and leading Fleet Street figures. Unfortunately, the operation fell victim to the freesheet revolution of the 1980s, the titles closing in 1983 with the loss of 470 jobs. Significant historic local firms include:

Addressograph, address labels and labelling systems Apple Computer's UK operations were originally based in Hemel, though they moved to much larger premises in Uxbridge
Uxbridge
during the late 1980s. British Petroleum. Brocks Fireworks, firework manufacturer Crosfield Electronics – digital imaging systems, now part of FFEI Ltd.[needs update] Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Evening Post-Echo, then part of Thomson Regional Newspapers and one of the few nightly regional newspapers John Dickinson and Sons, paper manufacturing Kodak. Lucas Aerospace – moved (as TRW Aeronautical Systems) to Pitstone
Pitstone
in 2002.

Caremark ( Dacorum
Dacorum
& St Albans) Present day[edit]

Phoenix Gateway sculpture at the entrance to Maylands Business Park commemorates the Buncefield fire.

Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
has a mixture of heavy and light engineering companies and has attracted a significant number of information technology and telecommunications sector companies helped by its proximity to London and the UK motorway network. However, (and again in common with many new towns) it has a much narrower business base than established centres, particularly Watford
Watford
and St Albans. Significant firms with a local presence include:

ACT (formerly Apricot Computers) Amazon.com
Amazon.com
has a distribution warehouse on the Maylands Business Park next door to the Buncefield oil storage depot. Aquascutum, clothing manufacturer AXIA web based clothing retailer ASOS.com, Customer Care department of UK's largest online fashion retailer Bourne Leisure BP Oil, petroleum BSI Product Services British Telecom, telecommunications BSI ( British Standards
British Standards
Institution) materials testing Britvic, producer of soft drinks. DuPont, petrochemicals Epson, consumer electronics Aon Hewitt, human resources (personnel) out-sourcing and benefits administration consulting arm of Aon Kent Brushes (G B Kent & Sons Ltd), established in 1777 & has been manufacturing brushes in Apsley for most of that time. Kodak, photography – (formerly in central Hemel, now located on 3Com Campus) NEXT, clothing (distribution centre) Northgate Information Solutions, specialist software for human resources Sopra Steria
Sopra Steria
computers, IT servicesd Thermo Fisher Scientific
Thermo Fisher Scientific
Chromatography and Mass Spectrometry business Unisys, computers Xerox
Xerox
Office Supplies, document supplies, paper development UTC
UTC
Aerospace Systems, Aerospace equipment

Transport[edit]

Hemel Hempstead railway station
Hemel Hempstead railway station
is on the West Coast Main Line, on the western edge of the town.

In 1798 the construction of the Grand Junction Canal
Grand Junction Canal
reached Hemel Hempstead. Now part of the Grand Union Canal, it is a popular route for narrowboat pleasure craft and is maintained by the Canal & River Trust. Hemel Hempstead railway station
Hemel Hempstead railway station
is located a mile south of the town centre in Boxmoor. It is on the West Coast Main Line
West Coast Main Line
and there are frequent services between London Euston and the Midlands operated by London Northwestern Railway, with additional direct services to South Croydon via the West London Line
West London Line
operated by Southern. A railway station previously existed in the town centre, known as the Midland railway station, on the former Nickey Line
Nickey Line
to Harpenden. This station closed to passenger services in 1947 (along with the line) and it was demolished in 1969.[35] The Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
bus station is situated in Waterhouse Street. In 2013 Dacorum
Dacorum
Council announced that the bus station will be demolished and replaced with a new bus interchange next to the Marlowes Shopping Centre on Bridge Street. The project is due to be completed by September 2014.[36] In the 1990s the A41 dual carriageway was built to the south and west of the town across the upland chalk plateau. Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
is also linked to the M1 motorway
M1 motorway
to the east and the M25 is a few miles to the south. The A414 road
A414 road
begins in Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and forms a largely dual carriageway route east west through the county of Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
to Maldon in Essex. The A41, the West Coast railway line and the canal all follow the course of the River Bulbourne
River Bulbourne
river valley. Sport[edit]

Playing bowls at Gadebridge Park

2015 Women's Tour stage 5 enters Hemel Hempstead

A wide range of sports and physical activities are catered for within the town and its immediate locality. Most sports facilities in the town, and the wider borough, are provided through Sportspace (the operating name of Dacorum
Dacorum
Sports Trust). They have operated several facilities including a sports centre, swimming pools, golf complex and running track previously run by Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough Council and others sited at schools, since April 2004. Dacorum
Dacorum
Sports Trust is a non-profit company limited by guarantee and a registered charity managed by a Board of Trustees. Surpluses (profits) are reinvested into sports facilities.[37] Hemel Hempstead Town
Hemel Hempstead Town
football club dates back to 1885 and now play in the Conference South. Nicknamed The Tudors, they play at Vauxhall Road in the Adeyfield
Adeyfield
area of the town; this was the site of the former sports club for the employees of Brocks Fireworks. There are, of course, many amateur sides throughout the town. In rugby league, Hemel Stags, founded in 1981, were admitted to the third tier Championship 1 in the 2013 season and now operate as a semi-professional club. In addition, rugby league is played at every senior school in the town. Camelot Rugby Club is a rugby union club founded in 1919 and play in London 2 North West, a seventh tier league in the English rugby union league system. The club's home ground is at Chaulden
Chaulden
Lane, Chaulden.[38] Hemel Storm
Hemel Storm
are a basketball team that compete in the second tier English Basketball League
English Basketball League
Division 1. They play their home games at Sportspace and are sponsored by nationwide firm Vanarama. Hemel Hempstead Town
Hemel Hempstead Town
Cricket
Cricket
Club, founded in 1850, has a pitch and practice facilities at Heath Park, near the town centre. The Boxmoor Cricket
Cricket
Club, founded in 1857, have a ground nearby on Blackbirds Moor. At Leverstock Green, there is the eponymously named Leverstock Green Cricket
Cricket
Club. A large multiple roomed indoor laser tag arena called Quasar has been located in the Marlowes since 1994.[39] Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
has an indoor snow centre, a real snow indoor sports venue which, opened in April 2009, and offers a range of indoor snow based sports and activities. Dacorum
Dacorum
Athletic Club is based at Jarman Park. Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Bowls Club has its greens at Gadebridge Park. Gadebridge Park also has an outdoor skatepark that was designed and supplied by local extreme sports fanatics "Hemel Skates" after earning ₤65,000 through fundraising. Leverstock Green
Leverstock Green
Tennis Club provides courts and coaching for members and other courts are available in public parks. There are private indoor facilities at Hemel Indoor Tennis Centre at Abbot's Hill School, Nash Mills. The local authority ( Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough Council) provides the infrastructure for several of the sports mentioned above. In addition, there is a sports centre at Boxmoor
Boxmoor
and shared public facilities at a number of secondary schools, provided via Sportspace. These provide multi-purpose courts (badminton, basketball, etc.), gymnasia and swimming pools. There are also private, 'members only' gymnasia. There are two 18-hole golf courses just outside the south western edge of the town. One is in the grounds of Shendish Manor and the other, Little Hay is off Box Lane, on Box Moor Trust
Box Moor Trust
land. There was also a 9-hole course (Boxmoor) also located on Box Lane. This closed in July 2011, and is now overgrown, mainly used for people walking their dogs. Wildcards Roller Hockey Club was established in 1996 and is a non-profit making organisation run by volunteers to enable people to play Inline Hockey
Inline Hockey
in Hertfordshire. Jarman Park had a ten pin bowling alley, ice skating, and a swimming pool with slides until they closed at the end of 2013. The only 2 facilities left in Jarman Park are the XC an extreme sport centre with indoor skate boarding, rock climbing, bowls and potholing facilities. Close to Jarman Park is the Snow Centre, the UK's largest indoor ski slope. Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
has several swimming clubs the most notable of which is Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Swimming Club, the town also has FIFOLITS Swimming club and also boasts a swimming squad Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough Swimming Squad which brings together the best swimmers in the borough. Competitive cycling events such as the Tour of Britain
Tour of Britain
and The Women's Tour often include Hemel as a stage.[40] Schools[edit]

The Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
School

There are six state maintained secondary schools in the town:

Adeyfield
Adeyfield
School – Business and Enterprise College Astley Cooper
Astley Cooper
School – A Specialist College for the Visual Arts. Cavendish School – A Specialist Sports College Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
School – A Specialist Performing Arts, Maths & Science School John F Kennedy Catholic School – A Specialist Technology and Modern Foreign Languages College (Roman Catholic) Longdean School
Longdean School
– A Maths and Computing Academy

There are also independent (fee-paying) schools in, or adjacent, to the town:

Abbot's Hill School – a day and boarding school for girls Lockers Park School – a day and boarding school for boys aged 5–13 Westbrook Hay School
Westbrook Hay School
– a co-educational school for children aged 3–13

In addition there is a West Herts College
West Herts College
Campus based in the town centre. In 2006, the local education authority has judged that there are too many primary school places in the town and has published proposals to reduce them.[41] The options involved school amalgamations and closures. A list of schools taking children of primary age is at primary schools in Dacorum. Political representation[edit] Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
returns its own MP at Westminster as the Hemel Hempstead parliamentary constituency. In the 20 General Elections since the New Town was created, a Conservative
Conservative
MP has been returned 17 times and a Labour MP 3 times. The current MP is Mike Penning. Twinned towns[edit] Hemel Hempstead, as part of the Borough of Dacorum, is twinned with:

Neu-Isenburg, Germany

Notable features[edit]

The "Magic Roundabout" in Hemel Hempstead

The Bury, proposed as a Dacorum
Dacorum
museum

Hemel is famous for its "Magic Roundabout" (officially called the "Plough Roundabout" from a former adjacent public house), an interchange at the end of the town centre (Moor End), where traffic from six routes meet. Traffic is able to circulate in both directions around what appears to be a main central roundabout (which it used to be), with the normal rules applying at each of the six mini-roundabouts encircling this central reservation. It was the first such circulation system in Britain. Hemel claims to have the first purpose built multi-storey car park in Britain. Built in 1960 into the side of a hill in the Marlowes shopping district, it features a giant humorous mosaic map of the area by the artist Rowland Emett. The new town centre is laid out alongside landscaped gardens and water features formed from the River Gade
River Gade
known as the Watergardens designed by G. A. Jellicoe. The Watergardens is home to many ducks, which have been known to cause major delays on the surrounding roads. The main shopping street, Marlowes, was pedestrianised in the early 1990s. Hemel also was home of one of the first community based television stations West Herts TV which later became Channel 10. For many years the lower end of Marlowes featured a distinctive office building built as a bridge-like structure straddling the main road. This building was erected on the site of an earlier railway viaduct carrying the Hemel to Harpenden
Harpenden
railway, known as the Nickey Line. When the new town was constructed, this part of the railway was no longer in use and the viaduct demolished. The Nickey Line
Nickey Line
is now used for walking. The office building, occupied by BP, was designed to create a similar skyline and effect as the viaduct. In the early 1980s it was discovered that the building was subsiding dangerously and it was vacated and demolished. Adjacent to BP buildings was a unique double-helix public car park. The lower end of Marlowes was redeveloped into the Riverside shopping complex, which opened on 27 October 2005. Retailers taking residence at the Riverside complex, include Debenhams
Debenhams
and H&M (previously HMV). A few yards away, overlooking the 'Magic Roundabout', is Hemel's tallest building; the 20-storey Kodak
Kodak
building, consisting of 18 office floors, 2 plantroom floors, and a basement. It also had an anex building 2 stories high, containing a restaurant, cinema, and a gym. Built as the Kodak
Kodak
company's UK HQ the tower was vacated in 2005. It was then temporarily reoccupied in 2006 after the Buncefield explosion destroyed Kodak's other Hemel offices. It has since been converted into flats. The Heathrow Airport holding area known as the Bovingdon stack lies just west of the town. On a clear day, at peak times, several circling aircraft can be visible in the sky. The national headquarters of the Boys' Brigade
Boys' Brigade
is located at Felden Lodge, near Hemel. The Dacorum
Dacorum
Heritage Trust, a local history advocacy group, has proposals to convert the 18th-century house at The Bury into a museum and art gallery, to display a collection of archaeological and historical artefacts from the surrounding area. The project is currently awaiting necessary funding and planning permission to proceed.[42][43] Public art[edit] Main article: List of public art in Hemel Hempstead

Rock & Rollers (Hubert Yencess, 1962)

The new town centre contains many sculptures by notable artists from the 1950s including a 1955 stone mural by sculptor Alfred Gerrard entitled Stages in the Development of Man. There is also the Rock & Rollers sculpture created by the French artist Hubert Yencess, which originally stood outside Bank Court but has been moved to the water gardens, and a fountain called Water Play. A concrete and glass rainbow sculpture, Residents' Rainbow by Californian artist Colin Lambert, was installed on in the Marlowes in 1993.[44] Nearby is a 3D map of 1940s Hemel. In 2008 an abstract stone sculpture by Timothy Shutter, entitled A Point for Reflection, was unveiled outside the Riverside Shopping Centre.[45][46] A series of 33 ft high blue steel arches called the Phoenix Gateway has been installed on the roundabout closest to the Hemel Hempstead junction of the M1 motorway. The aim is to regenerate the town after the Buncefield fire
Buncefield fire
with a striking piece of commercial art. It is funded by the East of England
East of England
Development Agency.[47] Notable events[edit] In December 2005 a series of explosions and fires at Buncefield oil depot was regarded as the largest in peace-time Europe.[48]

Buncefield fire
Buncefield fire
in December 2005

Notable people[edit] Notable people associated with the town in order of birth date:

Nicholas Breakspear
Nicholas Breakspear
(c. 1100–1159), the only English Pope (Adrian IV 1154–1159) was born in nearby Bedmond, a village between Hemel and Abbots Langley. Richard Field (1561–1616) a theologian associated with the founding of the Anglican Church, was born in Hemel Hempstead. Sir Francis Bacon (1561–1626) was Lord of the Manor
Lord of the Manor
of Gorhambury which included Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
from 1601. Robert Snooks
Robert Snooks
(c. 1761–1802) England's last highwayman to be executed and buried at the scene of his crime lies here. Sir Astley Cooper
Astley Cooper
(1768–1841) English surgeon and anatomist. Lived at Gadebridge House, the grounds of which are now a public park. John Dickinson (1782–1869 inventor and founder of the paper mills at Apsley, Nash Mills, and Croxley Green, to become John Dickinson plc, built and lived at Abbots Wood, Nash Mills. Sir Arthur Evans, (1851–1941) archaeologist, was born at the "Red House", Nash Mills. William John Locke
William John Locke
( 1863 – 1930) , novelist, dramatist and playwright, best known for his short stories lived at Corner Hall in the 1900s.[49] Lyn Harding
Lyn Harding
(1867–1952) actor and film star lived at a house called Logandene in Tile Kiln Lane, Leverstock Green, Hemel Hempstead. Prince Maurice of Battenberg
Prince Maurice of Battenberg
(1891–1914), grandson of Queen Victoria was a pupil at Lockers Park School. Loben Edward Harold Maund
Loben Edward Harold Maund
(1892–1957) was a rear admiral of the Royal Navy and captain of HMS Ark Royal at the time of her sinking in November 1941. Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma
(1900–1979), admiral, statesman and an uncle of the Duke of Edinburgh, was a pupil at Lockers Park School. He also had the combined Corner Hall boys' and girls' school was named Mountbatten after him and visited the school for the opening. The school was located on what is now the Jarman Park site. Guy Burgess, (1911–1963), Russian spy, was a pupil at Lockers Park School. Ashley George Old, (1913–2001), the artist spent many months in Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
in 1959 recording the changes as the New Town evolved. Salem Hanna Khamis (1919–2005) was a Palestinian economic statistician for the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organisation who helped formalise the Geary-Khamis method of computing purchasing power parity of currencies. In later life lived in Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and died there. Roger Moore, (1927–2017) actor, famous for his roles as The Saint and James Bond, lived in Tile Kiln Close, Leverstock Green, Hemel Hempstead in the 1960s. John Lynch (born 1931), according to the Guinness Book of records, the man with the most body piercings in the world, has lived in Apsley since 1963.[50] Christopher Trace (1933–1992) first presenter of BBC
BBC
TV's Blue Peter children's show lived for a time in Blacksmiths Row, Leverstock Green. James Purves (born 1937), cricketer Bill Morris, Baron Morris of Handsworth
Bill Morris, Baron Morris of Handsworth
(born 1938), former leader of the TGWU, lived in Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and still lives within the Borough of Dacorum. Michael Bradshaw
Michael Bradshaw
(1933–2001) Anglo/Canadian actor grew up in Boxmoor from 1938 until the mid-1950s Malcolm Phipps
Malcolm Phipps
(born 1942) Author, poet and world-renowned 8th Dan International Karate Instructor lives in Hemel Hempstead. Paul Boateng, (born 1951) Britain's first black Cabinet minister and Ambassador to South Africa, attended Apsley Grammar School
Apsley Grammar School
(now part of Longdean School). He first stood for Parliament in Hemel Hempstead's constituency. Dave Vanian
Dave Vanian
(born 1956)(real name David Lett), the lead singer of the Damned, was born and lived in Chaulden. Ian Lygo (born c. 1958), a civil servant, made 75 successful appearances on the UK game show 100% in late 1998. Dougie Brimson
Dougie Brimson
(born 1959) the author and screenwriter was born and lives in Hemel Hempstead. Chris Pig (born 1965) is an internationally respected master printmaker, lived in Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
and attended Longdean School. Claire Skinner (born 1965) actress was born (1965) and brought up in Hemel Hempstead. Steven Wilson, (born 1967) musician, singer, songwriter and record producer who lived here from age 6 after his family moved from London. His band Porcupine Tree
Porcupine Tree
was also formed in Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
around the year 1987. "No-Man's Land", Wilson’s home studio in which he has recorded most of the body of his work, is located here. Caroline, Lady Dalmeny was born and brought up in Hemel Hempstead. Luke Donald, (born 1977) was born in Hemel Hempstead. He is a golfer who plays mainly on the US based PGA Tour. Anthony Davidson, (born 1979) Formula One
Formula One
driver was born here. Tommy W. Smith, (born 1980) was born in Hemel Hempstead. He is a footballer who plays for Brentford in the Football League Championship. Chris Eagles, (born 1985) footballer for Blackpool in the Football League Championship is from Hemel Hempstead. Luke Illingworth, (born 1987) Musician in the band FVK
FVK
is from Hemel Hempstead. Jordan Parkes,(born 1989), an English footballer, playing for Hemel Hempstead Town, is from Leverstock Green. Max Whitlock, (born 13 January 1993) member of Britain's gymnastics team at the 2012 Summer Olympics
2012 Summer Olympics
in London and double gold medalist[51] at the 2016 Summer Olympics
2016 Summer Olympics
in Rio de Janeiro. Cauley Woodrow, (born 2 December 1994), an English football player playing for Fulham. Sheyi Ojo, (born 19 June 1997), an English footballer playing for Liverpool. Harry Winks, (born 2 February 1996), an English footballer playing for Tottenham Hotspur. Talulah Riley
Talulah Riley
(born 6 September 1985), actress and ex-wife of SpaceX founder Elon Musk.

Film, television and entertainment[edit] Film and television production[edit]

Quatermass 2
Quatermass 2
used Hemel Hempstead, which was at the time under development, for the fictional new town of Winerton Flats.[52] Pie in the Sky (a BBC
BBC
police drama) was filmed in Hemel. At one point, the site for the restaurant was a florist but is now a shop selling Dolls Houses. A nearby restaurant changed its name to Pie in the Sky for a short time while the series was popular. The current shopfront and surrounding properties were also featured in the Midsomer Murders episode "The Sword of Guillaume". Birthday Girl (a 2001 film starring Nicole Kidman
Nicole Kidman
and Ben Chaplin) features Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
prominently during scenes showing the main character going to and from his place of work (a fictional bank somewhere in Bank Court). However scenes shown in the parking garage and the side streets show St Albans. A film version of the TV series Till Death Us Do Part
Till Death Us Do Part
was filmed in part around the town. The Old Town appeared for a few seconds in the Oasis soft drink 'Fruity drinks and lunchtime dreams' TV commercial first aired in 2010 – the moving sandwich shop rolls down High Street.[53] David Walliams' Christmas programme Mr Stink was also filmed in Hemel, with much of Gadebridge Park being used.[54]

Softly Softly an offshoot from Z Cars used Shendish House
House
as the headquarters. Softly Softly started in 1966 The Pavilion[edit] The Pavilion was an iconic 1960s structure sited on the Marlowes just in front of the library.[55] It was an entertainments venue that hosted emerging and internationally famous acts between the 1960s and 1990s. Jazz
Jazz
artists included Kenny Ball and his Jazzmen, Count Basie, Oscar Peterson and Buddy Rich. Rock and Pop acts included David Bowie, Eric Clapton, U2, Wishbone Ash, Talking Heads, Ian Dury, Genesis, Quintessence and Status Quo. The venue closed and the building demolished in 2002. According to local media reports Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough Council decided it was 'becoming increasingly unsuitable to meet the leisure needs of the local community'. A 'memorial service' was held on the tenth anniversary of its closure in 2012.[56][57] Art and photograph gallery[edit]

The woods at Cupid's Green, painted by Ashley George Old
Ashley George Old
in 1959

The Old Bell pub in Hemel old town has parts built in 1615 but is on the site of even older inns. Contains some unusual French wallpaper dating back to 1821, which has been cleaned by the Victoria & Albert Museum.

Apsley Lock Marina, Hemel Hempstead, built in 2003.

The Church of St Mary's (1871) stands above the modern Sainsbury's supermarket in Apsley.

Northeast side of the Magic Roundabout, Hemel Hempstead. The "roundabout" is a series of 6 mini roundabouts spaced around a larger closely looped circulation system.

Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Old Town.

A Southern train at Hemel Hempstead

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Gazette. Archived from the original on 19 October 2017. Retrieved 19 October 2017.  ^ "Rainbow to get a splash of colour". www.hemeltoday.co.uk. Archived from the original on 21 October 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2017.  ^ "A Point for Reflection?". www.hemeltoday.co.uk. Archived from the original on 21 October 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2017.  ^ "Sculpture: 'Apoint for reflection (Large Column statue)' by sculptor Timothy Shutter in Garden Or Yard / Outside and Outdoor Sculptures - ArtParkS Sculpture Park - Bringing Sculpture into the Open". Artparks. Archived from the original on 21 October 2017. Retrieved 21 October 2017.  ^ Name for new Maylands sculpture[permanent dead link] Hemel Hempstead Gazette, 30 May 2007. Accessed August 2007 ^ "Buncefield tank 'was overflowing'". BBC
BBC
News. 9 May 2006. Retrieved 5 June 2007.  ^ "History of Cedar Walk". www.hemeltoday.co.uk. Retrieved 2017-11-04.  ^ "Retired bank manager sets record for most body piercings". Telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 2016-05-20.  ^ https://www.bbc.com/sport/olympics/36688213 ^ Hearn, Marcus; Jonathan Rigby (2003). Quatermass 2. Viewing Notes. London: DD Video. DD06155.  ^ Oasis commercial, YouTube. ^ "Who's the big shot kicking up a stink in Hemel?". hemeltoday. 10 October 2012. Retrieved 27 January 2013.  ^ Photo of The Pavilion in 1965 Francis Frith Archived 23 March 2014 at the Wayback Machine., Accessed 4 April 2013 ^ Campaigners to mark loss of the Pavilion Hemel Hempstead Gazette
Hemel Hempstead Gazette
30 June 2012, Accessed 6 April 2012 ^ Hertfordshire.com Venues' Guide, Accessed 6 April 2013

Davis, Eve (2013). Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Through Time. Amberley Publishing Limited. ISBN 9781445628691. Retrieved 25 October 2017. 

Further reading[edit]

Edwards, Dennis F. (March 1994). Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
in Old Picture Postcards. Europese Bibliotheek. ISBN 90-288-5797-4.  " Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
Directory 1797". Genealogy in Hertfordshire  – Early description of the town at Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Genealogy. Wilson, John Marius (1870–1872). "Hemel-Hempstead". Imperial Gazetteer of England
England
and Wales. A. Fullarton and Co. – via A Vision of Britain through Time.  Yaxley, Susan; et al. (1981) [1973]. History of Hemel Hempstead. Amplion Press. ISBN 0-9502743-0-5.  Buteux, Elizabeth (2005). Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
– A History and Celebration. Salisbury, Wiltshire: The Francis Frith Collection. ISBN 1-84589-206-2.  Hastie, Scott; Fletcher, Lynne (1997). Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
– The Story of New Town Development. Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough Council. ISBN 0-9511539-2-7.  Davis, Eve (1995). Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
– The Archive Photographs Series. Chalford. ISBN 0-75240167-X. 

Footnotes[edit] "How historic treasures have devalued a house", Sunday Times, 12 November 2000 by Chris Partridge; p. 15 External links[edit]

Find more aboutHemel Hempsteadat's sister projects

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Dacorum
Dacorum
Borough Council Local authority pages on Hemel Hempstead. Pictures of Hemel in 1974 Hemel on-line Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
community website. Photos of Hemel and surrounding area Indexed by OS grid square at www.geograph.co.uk Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
(Pictures and History) on A Guide to Old Hertfordshire A Brief History of Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
A Blog on Hemel Hempstead's local history. 1961 documentary film about Hemel Hempstead
Hemel Hempstead
by Pathé News The Snow Centre, Hemel Hempstead's indoor snow centre.

v t e

Ceremonial county of Hertfordshire

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
Portal

Boroughs or districts

Borough of Broxbourne Borough of Dacorum District of East Hertfordshire Borough of Hertsmere District of North Hertfordshire City and District of St Albans Borough of Stevenage District of Three Rivers Borough of Watford Borough of Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Major settlements

Baldock Berkhamsted Bishop's Stortford Borehamwood Broxbourne Buntingford Bushey Cheshunt Harpenden Hatfield Hemel Hempstead Hertford Hitchin Hoddesdon Letchworth Potters Bar Rickmansworth Royston Sawbridgeworth St Albans Stevenage Tring Waltham Cross Ware Watford Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City See also: List of civil parishes in Hertfordshire

Topics

Hertfordshire
Hertfordshire
County Council

Elections

Flag Parliamentary constituencies European Parliament constituency Boundary changes Places Settlements by population Lost settlements SSSIs Grade I listed buildings Grade II* listed buildings History Lord Lieutenants High Sheriffs Schools Museums Windmills King George V Playing Fields

v t e

Civil parishes of Hertfordshire

Broxbourne

Unparished areas

Cheshunt Hoddesdon

Dacorum

Parishes

Aldbury Berkhamsted Bovingdon Chipperfield Flamstead Flaunden Great Gaddesden Kings Langley Little Gaddesden Markyate Nash Mills Nettleden
Nettleden
with Potten End Northchurch Tring Tring
Tring
Rural Wigginton

Unparished areas

Hemel Hempstead

East Hertfordshire

Albury Anstey Ardeley Aspenden Aston Bayford Bengeo Rural Benington Bishop's Stortford Bramfield Braughing Brent Pelham
Brent Pelham
and Meesden Brickendon
Brickendon
Liberty Buckland and Chipping Buntingford Cottered Datchworth Eastwick and Gilston Furneux Pelham Great Amwell Great Munden Hertford Hertford
Hertford
Heath Hertingfordbury High Wych Hormead Hunsdon Little Berkhamsted Little Hadham Little Munden Much Hadham Sawbridgeworth Standon Stanstead Abbots Stanstead St Margarets Stapleford Stocking Pelham Tewin Thorley Thundridge Walkern Ware Wareside Watton-at-Stone Westmill Widford Wyddial

Hertsmere

Parishes

Aldenham Elstree and Borehamwood Ridge Shenley South Mimms

Unparished areas

Bushey Potters Bar

North Hertfordshire

Parishes

Ashwell Barkway Barley Bygrave Caldecote and Newnham Clothall
Clothall
and Luffenhall Codicote Graveley Great Ashby Hexton Hinxworth Holwell Ickleford Kelshall Kimpton King's Walden Knebworth Langley Lilley Nuthampstead Offley Pirton Preston Radwell Reed Royston Rushden and Wallington Sandon St Ippolyts St Paul's Walden Therfield Weston Wymondley

Unparished areas

Baldock Hitchin Letchworth
Letchworth
Garden City

St Albans

Parishes

Colney Heath Harpenden Harpenden
Harpenden
Rural London Colney Redbourn Sandridge St Michael St Stephen Wheathampstead

Unparished areas

St Albans

Three Rivers

Parishes

Abbots Langley Chorleywood Croxley Green Sarratt Watford
Watford
Rural

Unparished areas

Rickmansworth

Welwyn
Welwyn
Hatfield

Parishes

Ayot St Lawrence Ayot St Peter Essendon Hatfield North Mymms Northaw and Cuffley Welwyn Woolmer Green

Unparished areas

Welwyn
Welwyn
Garden City

Unparished boroughs

Stevenage Watford

See also

List of places in Hertfordshire

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 127853

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