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GREATER HELSINKI (Finnish : _Helsingin seutu, Suur-Helsinki_, Swedish : _Helsingforsregionen_, _Storhelsingfors_) is the metropolitan area including the smaller CAPITAL REGION (_Pääkaupunkiseutu_, _Huvudstadsregionen_) urban kernel and commuter towns surrounding Helsinki
Helsinki
, the capital city of Finland
Finland
. Greater Helsinki
Helsinki
is sometimes incorrectly called (the) _ Helsinki
Helsinki
Region_ due to an incorrect direct translation of the Finnish and Swedish terms _Helsingin seutu_ and _Helsingforsregionen_. It is part of Uusimaa province.

These regions are located in the south of Finland, on the coast of the Gulf of Finland
Finland
, which is part of the Baltic Sea
Baltic Sea
. The smaller Capital Region includes Helsinki, Vantaa
Vantaa
, Espoo
Espoo
, and Kauniainen
Kauniainen
and has a population of over 1.1 million. The Greater Helsinki
Helsinki
region is the largest urbanised area in the country with 1,420,284 inhabitants and is by far the most important economic, cultural, and scientific region of Finland. Five out of Finland's 15 universities and most of the headquarters of notable companies and governmental institutions are located in Greater Helsinki, as is Finland's main airline hub and airport , Helsinki
Helsinki
Airport
Airport
, which is located in Vantaa
Vantaa
.

CONTENTS

* 1 Terminology * 2 Statistics * 3 See also * 4 Notes * 5 References * 6 External links

TERMINOLOGY

In the strictest sense, the Finnish Capital Region consists of four municipalities with city status, Helsinki
Helsinki
, Vantaa
Vantaa
, Espoo
Espoo
and Kauniainen
Kauniainen
, whose total population is about 1.1 million (2014). This area is most often called the _Capital region_ in English, _Pääkaupunkiseutu_ in Finnish, and _Huvudstadsregionen_ in Swedish, although the use of the terms is not especially consistent. The vast majority of the inhabitants live in the urban areas of the cities, but within the boundaries of these cities there are also suburban and rural areas .

Commonly about ten more municipalities are considered to be part of Greater Helsinki, as they can be considered to be commuter towns and exurbs of Helsinki. When Hyvinkää , Järvenpää , Kerava , Kirkkonummi , Nurmijärvi , Sipoo , Tuusula
Tuusula
, Mäntsälä , Pornainen and Vihti are included, the number of inhabitants rises to 1.4 million. All of the municipalities belong to the region of Uusimaa . Of these, Kerava , Järvenpää , Mäntsälä , Tuusula
Tuusula
, and Nurmijärvi have parts of the urban area within them, as parts of 6 other municipalities. Additionally, the cities of Porvoo , Lohja , and to some extent Riihimäki , which have very close ties, motorway and (in the case of Riihimäki ) commuter train accesses, and are fairly close to the capital, are nowadays often included in regional planning, which raises the total population to about 1,550,000.

As a part of "Urban audit" project the Eurostat has attempted to standardise the concept of 'metropolitan area'. According to this study the Metropolitan area
Metropolitan area
of Helsinki
Helsinki
consists of the kernel of Helsinki: Helsinki, Espoo, Vantaa, and Kauniainen. Helsinki
Helsinki
Larger Urban Area
Area
(Helsingin seutu in Finnish) consists of 12 cities and municipalities: the kernel of Helsinki
Helsinki
and the aforementioned eight municipalities.

Statistics Finland
Finland
define the commuter belt of Helsinki
Helsinki
(_Helsingin työssäkäyntialue_, _Helsingfors pendlingsområde_) to include a total of 24 municipalities, with a land area of 7,359.80 km2 and a population of 1,431,108 as of 31 December 2007. In addition to that, there are people from as far as Lahti and even Tampere
Tampere
commuting to Helsinki
Helsinki
daily.

STATISTICS

The table below lists population , area , and population density for the largest municipalities of the Greater Helsinki
Helsinki
area. (Note that " Helsinki
Helsinki
Metropolitan Area" and the other terms used are not firmly established and may vary in different contexts.) The commuter towns of Lohja and Porvoo are not usually included, though, if they were (considering their proximity to Helsinki
Helsinki
and their high commuting rate), they would raise the overall population to nearly 1.5 million people.

MUNICIPALITY AREA Population (2016-03-31) POPULATION DENSITY

Helsinki
Helsinki
213.75 km² 629,512 2,945.09/km²

Espoo
Espoo
312.26 km² 270,416 866/km²

Vantaa
Vantaa
238.37 km² 215,813 905.37/km²

Kauniainen
Kauniainen
5.88 km² 9,395 1,597.79/km²

URBAN AREA (CAPITAL REGION) 770.26 km² 1,125,136 1,460.72/km²

Hyvinkää 322.62 km² 46,477 144.06/km²

Mäntsälä 580.84 km² 20,726 35.68/km²

Pornainen 146.50 km² 5,108 34.87/km²

Järvenpää 37.55 km² 41,039 1,092.92/km²

Kerava 30.62 km² 35,251 1,151.24/km²

Kirkkonummi 366.10 km² 38,842 106.1/km²

Nurmijärvi 361.84 km² 41,997 116.07/km²

Sipoo 339.62 km² 19,528 57.5/km²

Tuusula
Tuusula
219.51 km² 38,564 175.68/km²

Vihti 522.06 km² 28,933 55.42/km²

COMMUTER TOWNS 2,927.26 km² 316,465 108.11/km²

METROPOLITAN AREA (GREATER HELSINKI) 3,697.52 km² 1,441,601 389.88/km²

SEE ALSO

* Helsinki
Helsinki
Metropolitan Area
Area
Libraries * Metropolitan area
Metropolitan area
* Largest European metropolitan areas * Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries * List of urban areas in the Nordic countries * Largest urban areas of the European Union

NOTES

* ^ These are Aalto University, University of Helsinki, University of the Arts Helsinki, Hanken School of Economics, National Defence University.

REFERENCES

* ^ "City information and statistics". _www.helsinginseutu.fi_. Retrieved 2016-03-19. * ^ http://circa.europa.eu/Public/irc/dsis/urbstat/library?l=/urban_audit_reports/urban_audit_2006/final_reportpdf_18/_EN_1.0_ Population
Population
by sex, area and change of population 31.12.2007; Commuter belts and municipalities 2008 In Swedish, table unavailable in English. Accessed on 2008-09-08. * ^ National Land Survey of Finland; pdf-file \'Pinta-alatilasto\', downloadable from page. Areas of municipalities in Finland. Accessed on 2008-09-08.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Eurostat Urban Audit website * Guide map of

.