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Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
(Chinese: 黑龙江; pinyin:  Hēilóngjiāng, Wade-Giles: Heilungkiang) is a province of the People's Republic of China. Located in the northeastern part of the country, Heilongjiang is bordered by Jilin
Jilin
to the south and Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
to the west. It also shares a China–Russia border
China–Russia border
with Russia
Russia
to the north and east. The capital and the largest city of the province is Harbin. Among Chinese provincial-level administrative divisions, Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is the sixth-largest by total area and the 15th-most populous. The province takes its name from the Heilong River
Heilong River
(Chinese name of the Amur), which marks the border between the People's Republic of China
China
and Russia. Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
contains China's northernmost point (in Mohe County
Mohe County
along the Amur) and easternmost point (at the junction of the Amur and Ussuri rivers). Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is China's largest agricultural base, as well as an important industrial area mainly based on oil, timber, coal and machinery manufacturing.

Contents

1 Etymology 2 History 3 Geography

3.1 Climate

4 Transport

4.1 Amur Bridge Project

5 Administrative divisions 6 Politics 7 Economy

7.1 Economic and technological development zones

8 Demographics 9 Religion 10 Culture 11 Media 12 Tourism 13 Colleges and universities 14 Sports

14.1 Events and leagues

15 See also 16 References 17 External links

Etymology[edit] "Heilongjiang" literally means Black
Black
Dragon River, which is the Chinese name for the Amur. The one-character abbreviation is 黑 (pinyin: Hēi). The Manchu
Manchu
name of the region is Sahaliyan ula (literally, " Black
Black
River"), from which the name of Sakhalin
Sakhalin
is derived, and the Mongolian name with the same meaning is Qaramörin. It is sometimes spelt "Heilungkiang", especially in older English texts. History[edit]

Saint Sofia Church

Ancient Chinese records and other sources state that Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
was inhabited by people such as the Buyeo, the Mohe, Balhae, and the Khitan. Mongolic Donghu people
Donghu people
lived in Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
and the western part of Heilongjiang.[4] Some names are Manchu
Manchu
or Mongolian.[5] The eastern portion of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
was ruled by the kingdom of Balhae between the 7th and 10th centuries. The Jurchen Jin dynasty (1115–1234) that subsequently ruled much of north China
China
arose within the borders of modern Heilongjiang.

Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
and Jilin
Jilin
Provinces on a 1734 French map

Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
as an administrative entity was created in 1683, during the Kangxi era of the Manchu
Manchu
Qing Dynasty, from the northwestern part of the Jilin
Jilin
province.[6] This Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province only included the western part of today's Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province, and was under the supervision of the General of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
(Sahaliyan Ula i Jiyanggiyūn) (the title is also translated as the Military Governor of Heilongjiang; jiyanggiyūn is the Manchu
Manchu
reading of the Chinese word 將軍 jiāngjūn "military leader, general" and is cognate with Japanese shōgun), whose power extended, according to the Treaty of Nerchinsk, as far north as the Stanovoy Mountains. The eastern part of what's today Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
remained under the supervision of the General of Jilin
Jilin
(Girin i Jiyanggiyūn), whose power reached the East Sea of Korea. These areas deep in Manchuria
Manchuria
were closed off to Han Chinese migration. The original seat of the Military Governor of Heilongjiang, as established in 1683, was in Heilongjang City (also known as Aigun
Aigun
or Heihe, or, in Manchu, Saghalien Ula), located on the Amur River. However, already in 1690 the seat of the governor was transferred to Nenjiang (Mergen) on the Nen River, and, in 1699, further south to Qiqihar. According to modern historians, the moves may have been driven by supply considerations: Nenjiang and Qiqihar
Qiqihar
are connected by a convenient waterway (Nen River) with southern Manchuria, whereas accessing Aigun
Aigun
(Heihe) would require either sailing all the way down the Sungari River
River
until its confluence with the Amur and then up the Amur to Heihe, or using a portage over the Lesser Xing'an Mountains between the Nen River
River
valley and the Amur valley. An additional advantage of Qiqihar
Qiqihar
may have been its location at the junction of a northbound road (to Nenjiang) and a westbound one (to Mongolia), enabling its garrison to defend both against the Russians and the Ölöt Mongols.[7] Little Qing Military presence existed north of Aigun. According to the 18th- and early-20th-century European sources, and the reports of the Russians in the 1850s, the farthest Qing "advance guard" post was at Ulusu-Modon (Ulussu-Mudan) (Chinese: 乌鲁苏穆丹), near the Amur River's famous 's'-shaped meander. (The post was actually on the left bank of the river, lost to the Russians in 1860.) In 1858 and 1860 the Qing government was forced to give up all land beyond the Amur and Ussuri Rivers to the Russian Empire, cutting off the Qing Empire from the East Sea of Korea
East Sea of Korea
and giving Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
its present northern and eastern borders. At the same time, Manchuria
Manchuria
was opened to Han Chinese
Han Chinese
migration by the Qing government. By the early twentieth century, due to the Chuang Guandong, the Han Chinese
Han Chinese
had become the dominant ethnic group in the region.[8] In 1931, Japanese forces invaded Heilongjiang. In 1932, the Japanese completed their conquest of the province, which became part of the Japanese puppet state of Manchukuo. In 1945, Japanese forces in Manchuria
Manchuria
were defeated by the Soviet Army. During the Chinese Civil War, Soviet forces aided the Chinese communists. Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
became the first province to be completely controlled by the communists and Harbin
Harbin
the first major city to be controlled by them. At the beginning of communist rule, Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
included only the western portion of the present-day province, and had its capital at Qiqihar. The remaining area was the province of Songjiang; its capital was Harbin. In 1954, these two provinces were merged into present-day Heilongjiang. During the Cultural Revolution, Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
was also expanded to include Hulunbuir League
Hulunbuir League
and some other areas previously in Inner Mongolia; this has since mostly been reversed.

Jixi

Geography[edit] Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is a land of varied topography. Much of the province is dominated by mountain ranges such as the Greater Khingan
Greater Khingan
Range and Lesser Khingan
Lesser Khingan
Range, Zhangguangcai Mountains, Laoye Mountains, and Wanda Mountains. The highest peak is Mount Datudingzi at 1,690 metres (5,540 ft), located on the border with Jilin
Jilin
province. The Greater Khingan
Greater Khingan
Range contains China's largest remaining virgin forest and is an important area for China's forestry industry. The east and southwest of the province, which are relatively flat and low in altitude, contain the Muling
Muling
River, the Naoli River, the Songhua River, the Nen River, and the Mudan River, all tributaries of the Amur, while the northern border forms part of the Amur valley. Xingkai Lake
Xingkai Lake
(or Khanka Lake) is found on the border with Russia's Primorsky Krai. Climate[edit] A humid continental climate (Köppen Dwa or Dwb) predominates in the province, though areas in the far north are subarctic (Köppen Dwc).[9] Winters are long and bitter, with an average of −31 to −15 °C (−24 to 5 °F) in January, and summers are short and warm to very warm with an average of 18 to 23 °C (64 to 73 °F) in July. The annual average rainfall is 400 to 700 millimetres (16 to 28 in), concentrated heavily in summer. Clear weather is prevalent throughout the year, and in the spring, the Songnen Plain and the Sanjiang Plain provide abundant sources of wind energy. The province's largest cities include Harbin, Qiqihar, Mudanjiang, Jiamusi, Daqing, Jixi, Shuangyashan, Hegang, Qitaihe, Yichun, and Heihe.

Average daily maximum and minimum temperatures for some locations in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
province of China

City July (°C) July (°F) January (°C) January (°F)

Harbin 27.9/18.3 82.2/64.9 –12.5/–24.1 9.5/–11.4

Jiamusi 27.6/17.7 81.7/63.9 –12.7/–24 9.1/–11.2

Hegang 26.5/17.4 80/63.3 –12.7/–20.8 9.1/–5.4

Yichun 27.1/15.5 80.8/59.9 –14.5/–29.1 5.9/–20.4

Transport[edit] A road and highway proposal was accepted in 2006; the project plans to develop 38,000 kilometres of new roads and expand Heilongjiang’s total road network to 2.3 million kilometres. There are 60 rail lines of around 5,300 kilometres including a section of the Asia-Europe Continental Bridge. The Harbin– Dalian
Dalian
High-Speed Railway, completed in 2012, stretches from Harbin, Heilongjiang’s capital, to Dalian
Dalian
in Liaoning
Liaoning
province via Changchun
Changchun
and Shenyang comprising 23 stops. It is expected to transport 37 million passengers per year by 2020 and 51 million by 2030. Major airports include Harbin
Harbin
Taiping International Airport, Qiqihar Airport, Mudanjiang
Mudanjiang
Airport, Jiamusi
Jiamusi
Airport and Heihe
Heihe
Airport. Harbin International Airport is capable of handling six million passengers every year and connects to over 70 domestic and international cities. Amur Bridge Project[edit] Main article: Amur Bridge Project The Amur Bridge Project was proposed in 2007 by Valery Solomonovich Gurevich, the vice-chairman of the Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
in Russia. The railway bridge over the Amur River
Amur River
will connect Tongjiang with Nizhneleninskoye, a village in the Jewish Autonomous Oblast.[10] The Chinese portion of the bridge was finished in July 2016.[11] In December 2016, work began on the Russian portion of the bridge. The bridge is expected to open in October 2019.[12] Administrative divisions[edit] Main articles: List of administrative divisions of Heilongjiang and List of township-level divisions of Heilongjiang Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is divided into thirteen prefecture-level divisions: twelve prefecture-level cities (including a sub-provincial city) and one prefecture:

Administrative divisions of Heilongjiang

№ Division code[13] English name Chinese Pinyin Area in km2[14] Population 2010[15] Seat Divisions[16]

Districts* Counties Aut. counties CL cities

  230000 Heilongjiang 黑龙江省 Hēilóngjiāng Shěng 454800.00 38,312,224 Harbin 65 43 1 19

1 230100 Harbin 哈尔滨市 Hā'ěrbīn Shì 53523.50 10,635,971 Songbei District 9 7

2

8 230200 Qiqihar 齐齐哈尔市 Qíqíhā'ěr Shì 42205.81 5,367,003 Jianhua District 7 8

1

6 230300 Jixi 鸡西市 Jīxī Shì 22488.46 1,862,161 Jiguan District 6 1

2

3 230400 Hegang 鹤岗市 Hègǎng Shì 14679.98 1,058,665 Xiangyang District 6 2

10 230500 Shuangyashan 双鸭山市 Shuāngyāshān Shì 22036.19 1,462,626 Jianshan District 4 4

2 230600 Daqing 大庆市 Dàqìng Shì 21222.03 2,904,532 Sartu District 5 3 1

12 230700 Yichun 伊春市 Yīchūn Shì 32759.66 1,148,126 Yichun District 15 1

1

5 230800 Jiamusi 佳木斯市 Jiāmùsī Shì 32704.00 2,552,097 Qianjin District 4 3

3

9 230900 Qitaihe 七台河市 Qītáihé Shì 6221.42 920,419 Taoshan District 3 1

7 231000 Mudanjiang 牡丹江市 Mǔdānjiāng Shì 38679.80 2,798,723 Dong'an District 4 1

5

4 231100 Heihe 黑河市 Hēihé Shì 66802.65 1,673,898 Aihui District 1 3

2

11 231200 Suihua 绥化市 Suíhuà Shì 34964.17 5,416,439 Beilin District 1 6

3

13 232700 Daxing'anling Prefecture 大兴安岭地区 Dàxīng'ānlǐng Dìqū 46,755.00≈ 511,564 Jiagedaqi District** 4** 3

  Sub-provincial cities * - including Ethnic districts ** - administrative districts not registered under the Ministry of Civil Affairs (not included in the total Districts' count) ≈ - not including territories within Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
(if included: 82928.80 km2)

Qiqihar

Mudanjiang

(Additional information regarding the last prefecture can be found at Greater Khingan.) The thirteen prefecture-level divisions of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
are subdivided into 128 county-level divisions (65 districts, 19 county-level cities, 43 counties, and one autonomous county). Those are in turn divided into 1,284 township-level divisions (473 towns, 400 townships, 58 ethnic townships, and 353 subdistricts). Politics[edit] Further information: List of provincial leaders of the People's Republic of China

Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province People's Government

List of Secretaries of the CPC Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Committee:

Zhang Qilong 张启龙(1949–1950) Zhao Dezun 赵德尊 (1950–1953) Feng Jixin 冯纪新 (1953–1954) Ouyang Qin 欧阳钦 (1954–1965) Pan Fusheng
Pan Fusheng
潘复生 (1965–1971) Wang Jiadao 汪家道 (1971–1974) Liu Guangtao 刘光涛 (1977) Yang Yichen 杨易辰 (1977–1983) Li Li'an 李力安 (1983–1985) Sun Weiben 孙维本 (1985–1994) Yue Qifeng 岳岐峰 (1994–1997) Xu Youfang 徐有芳 (1997–2003) Song Fatang 宋法棠 (2003–2005) Qian Yunlu 钱运录 (2005–2008) Ji Bingxuan 吉炳轩 (2008–2013) Wang Xiankui 王宪魁 (March 2013 – April 2017) Zhang Qingwei 张庆伟 (April 2017 – incumbent)

List of Governors:

Yu Yifu 于毅夫 (1949–1952) Zhao Dezun 赵德尊 (1952–1953) Chen Lei 陈雷 (1953–1954) Han Guang 韩光 (1954–1956) Ouyang Qin 欧阳钦 (1956–1958) Li Fanwu 李范五 (1958–1966) Pan Fusheng
Pan Fusheng
潘复生 (1967–1971) Wang Jiadao 汪家道 (1971–1974) Liu Guangtao 刘光涛 (February 1977 – December 1977) Yang Yichen 杨易辰(December 1977 – 1979) Chen Lei 陈雷 (1979–1985) Hou Jie 侯捷 (1985–1989) Shao Qihui 邵奇惠 (1989–1994) Tian Fengshan 田凤山(1994–2000) Song Fatang 宋法棠 (2000–2003) Zhang Zuoji 张左己 (2003 – December 2007) Li Zhanshu 栗战书 (December 2007 – August 2010) Wang Xiankui 王宪魁 (August 2010 – March 2013) Lu Hao 陆昊 (March 2013 – March 2018) Wang Wentao 王文涛 (March 2018 – incumbent)

Economy[edit]

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The agriculture of Heilongjiang, heavily defined by its cold climate, is based upon crops such as soybeans, maize, wheat and potatoes.[17] Commercial crops grown include beets, flax, and sunflowers. Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is also an important source of lumber for China. Pine, especially the Korean pine
Korean pine
and larch are the most important forms of lumber produced in Heilongjiang. Forests are mostly to be found in the Greater Khingan
Greater Khingan
Mountains and Lesser Khingan
Lesser Khingan
Mountains, which are also home to protected animal species such as the Siberian tiger, the red-crowned crane, and the lynx. Herding in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is centered upon horses and cattle; the province has the largest number of milk cows and the highest production of milk among all the province-level divisions of China. Petroleum
Petroleum
is of great importance in Heilongjiang, and the Daqing oilfields are an important source of petroleum for China. Coal, gold, and graphite are other important minerals to be found in Heilongjiang. Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
also has great potential for wind power, with an average wind energy density of 200 watts per square metre. Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is part of northeast China, the country's traditional industrial base. Industry is focused upon coal, petroleum, lumber, machinery, and food. Due to its location, Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is also an important gateway for trade with Russia. Since a wave of privatization led to the closure of uncompetitive factories in the 1990s, Manchuria has suffered from stagnation. As a result, the government has started the Revitalize Northeast China
Northeast China
campaign to deal with this problem, promoting the private sectors as the preferred method of economic reform. At least five miners were killed after a coal mine fire in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
it was reported on September 21, 2008.[18] Its GDP has been rising steadily since 2003, growing 37% from 2003 to 2007. The value of the private economy reached RMB234 billion in 2006 and accounted for 37.6 percent of the GDP. In that year, the tax revenue from private enterprises hit RMB20.5 billion. Private enterprises in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
led the overall economic growth of the province. Many leading private enterprises have begun to emerge. The province's three major private enterprises, namely the Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Sunflower
Sunflower
Medicine Ltd, Qitaihe
Qitaihe
Yidaxin Coal Co., and Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Yiyang Group, each contributed more than RMB100 million in tax revenue in 2007.[citation needed] During the first decade of this century, many private investors were involved in large construction projects in Heilongjiang. In 2006, 928 large projects absorbed private capital of RMB5 million each, and 101 projects attracted RMB100 million each within the province. In line with the central government’s policy to revitalize the Northeast, Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
also restructured its six pillar industries, namely equipment manufacturing, petrochemicals, food processing, energy, pharmaceuticals, and forest and timber processing.[citation needed] In 2013, Heilongjiang's nominal GDP was 260.87 billion Chinese yuan,[19] with an annual growth rate of 12.2%. Its per capita GDP was 21,640 yuan (US$3,168). Its primary, secondary, and tertiary industries were worth 108.9 billion yuan, 436.6 billion yuan, and 285.5 billion yuan, respectively.[20] The per capita disposable income of urban residents in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
reached 11,581 yuan (US$1,667), a rise of 13% from the previous year. The per capita net income of rural residents in the province reached 4,856 yuan (US$700), a rise of 17.5% from 2007.[21] Economic and technological development zones[edit]

Daqing
Daqing
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Daqing
Daqing
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone was constructed in April 1992 and was then approved as a national high-tech zone by the State Council later that year. Its initial zone area is 208.54 km2, and it recently expanded the area by 32.45 km2.[22]

Heihe
Heihe
Border Economic Cooperation Area Harbin
Harbin
Economic and Technological Development Zone Harbin
Harbin
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone

Harbin
Harbin
High-tech Zone was set up in 1988 and was approved by the State Council as a national development zone in 1991. It has a total area of 34 km2 in the centralized parks, subdivided into Nangang, Haping Road and Yingbin Road Centralized Parks. The Nangang Centralized Park is designated for the incubation of high-tech projects and research and development base of enterprises as well as tertiary industries such as finance, insurance, services, catering, tourism, culture, recreation and entertainment, where the headquarters of major well-known companies and their branches in Harbin
Harbin
are located; the Haping Road Centralized Park is a comprehensive industrial basis for the investment projects of automobile and automobile parts manufacturing, medicines, foodstuffs, electronics, textile; the Yingbin Road Centralized Park is mainly for high-tech incubation projects, high-tech industrial development.[23]

Sino- Russia
Russia
Dongning-Piurtaphca Trade Zone

Sino- Russia
Russia
Dongning-Piurtaphca Trade Zone was approved by the State Council in 2000 and was completed in 2005. The zone has a planned area of 275.4 hectares. The Chinese part of the zone has a 22-hectare trade center with four subsidiary areas, A, B, C, and D, in which more than 6,000 stalls are already set up, mainly dealing with clothes, household appliances, food, construction materials, etc.[24]

Suifenhe
Suifenhe
Border Economic Cooperation Area

Suifenhe
Suifenhe
Border Economic Cooperation District ( Suifenhe
Suifenhe
BECD) is located in the north of Suifenhe
Suifenhe
City, and borders Russia
Russia
to the east. Suifenhe
Suifenhe
BECD is the largest among the three state-level border-trade zones of Heilongjiang, in terms of investor numbers. Suifenhe
Suifenhe
BECD has a convenient transport network. The Binzhou- Suifenhe
Suifenhe
Railway, which connects the Russian Far East Railway, is an important port for export. The railway distance between Suifenhe
Suifenhe
and Harbin
Harbin
is 548 km (341 mi). Buguranikinai, the corresponding Russian port city, is 21 km (13 mi) away.[25]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1912[26] 2,029,000 —    

1928[27] 3,725,000 +3.87%

1936–37[28] 3,751,000 +0.09%

1947[29] 2,844,000 −2.49%

1954[30] 11,897,309 +22.68%

1964[31] 20,118,271 +5.39%

1982[32] 32,665,546 +2.73%

1990[33] 35,214,873 +0.94%

2000[34] 36,237,576 +0.29%

2010[35] 38,312,224 +0.56%

Established in 1923; dissolved in 1932 and incorporated into Manchukuo / Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province (present). Harbin
Harbin
part of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province until 1947–1949 and 1953–1954. Dongsheng SAR dissolved in 1932 and incorporated into Manchukuo
Manchukuo
/ Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province (present). Songjiang Province
Songjiang Province
dissolved in 1955 and incorporated into Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province. Hejiang Province dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Songjiang Province / Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province (present). Nenjiang Province
Nenjiang Province
dissolved in 1949 and incorporated into Heilongjiang Province.

The majority of Heilongjiang's population is Han Chinese, while other ethnic minorities include the Manchus, Koreans, Mongols, Hui, Xibe, and Hezhen

Ethnic groups in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
(2000 census)

Nationality Population Percentage

Han Chinese 34,465,039 95.20%

Manchu 1,037,080 2.86%

Koreans 388,458 1.07%

Mongol 141,495 0.39%

Hui 124,003 0.34%

Xibe 43,608 0.12%

Hezhe 8,886 0.03%

Excludes members of the People's Liberation Army
People's Liberation Army
in active service. Source: Department of Population, Social, Science and Technology Statistics of the National Bureau of Statistics of China (国家统计局人口和社会科技统计司) and Department of Economic Development of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission of China (国家民族事务委员会经济发展司), eds. Tabulation on Nationalities of 2000 Population Census of China (《2000年人口普查中国民族人口资料》). 2 vols. Beijing: Nationalities Publishing House (民族出版社), 2003. (ISBN 7-105-05425-5) Religion[edit] Further information: Religion in Northeast China

Ji Le Temple
Ji Le Temple
(Temple of Bliss), a Buddhist temple in Harbin.

Most of Heilongjiang's residents are either non-religious or practice Chinese folk religions, including Taoism. Manchu
Manchu
shamanism is practiced by many Manchu
Manchu
people. Chinese Buddhism
Chinese Buddhism
and Tibetan Buddhism have an important presence in the province. Culture[edit] Heilongjiang's culture is part of a culture of Northeast China
Northeast China
that is relatively homogeneous across this region, known in Mandarin Chinese as "Dongbei" (the northeast). Media[edit]

Heilongjiag Daily Press Group

Heilongjiang Television
Heilongjiang Television
and Harbin
Harbin
Economy Radio serve as broadcasters. Tourism[edit] Harbin, the provincial capital, is a city of contrasts, with Chinese, Russian, and eclectic worldwide influences clearly apparent. Bukui Mosque, a national heritage site, is the largest glazed-tile building in the province.[36] Eastern Orthodox, Roman Catholic, and Protestant churches as well as synagogues dot the city.[37] The long, cold winter is the backdrop for its famed ice sculpture exhibitions. In 2007 already the 8th Ice and Snow World opened to visitors in Harbin. More than 2,000 ice sculptures were on display at the annual event.[38] Wudalianchi
Wudalianchi
Lakes are a series of five lakes formed between 1719 and 1721 when volcanic eruption shaped one section of a tributary of the Amur into five interconnected lakes. The second lake in particular is renowned for its irregular geological sights. Lake Jingbo, in Ning'an
Ning'an
County, is a section of the Mudan River
River
that has been narrowed and shaped by volcanic eruption into a series of sights, including the Diaoshuilou Falls. Colleges and universities[edit] See also: List of universities and colleges in Heilongjiang

Northeast Forestry University Harbin
Harbin
Institute of Technology Harbin
Harbin
Engineering University Northeast Agricultural University Harbin
Harbin
University of Science and Technology Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
University Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
International University Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Institute of Technology Harbin
Harbin
Medical University Daqing
Daqing
Staff and Workers University Northeast Petroleum
Petroleum
University Heilongjiang University
Heilongjiang University
of Traditional Chinese Medicine Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Commercial University Harbin
Harbin
Normal University Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
August First Land Reclamation University Qiqihar
Qiqihar
University

Sports[edit] Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
is in the forefront of promoting winter sports and winter-featured sports industry in China.[39] For example it is promoting bandy as an Olympic sport.[40] Events and leagues[edit]

2009 Winter Universiade 2018 Bandy
Bandy
World Championship, Division B Asia League Ice Hockey

See also[edit]

Major national historical and cultural sites in Heilongjiang

References[edit]

Economic profile for Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
at HKTDC

^ "Doing Business in China
China
– Survey". Ministry Of Commerce – People's Republic Of China. Archived from the original on 5 August 2013. Retrieved 5 August 2013.  ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China
China
on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census [1] (No. 2)". National Bureau of Statistics of China. 29 April 2011. Archived from the original on 27 July 2013. Retrieved 4 August 2013.  ^ 《2013中国人类发展报告》 (PDF) (in Chinese). United Nations Development Programme China. 2013. Retrieved 2014-01-05.  ^ Origins of Minority Ethnic Groups in Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Archived 2014-03-22 at the Wayback Machine. ^ 浅谈黑龙江省地名的特点 ^ Edmonds, Richard Louis (1985). Northern Frontiers of Qing China
China
and Tokugawa Japan: A Comparative Study of Frontier Policy. University of Chicago, Department of Geography; Research Paper No. 213. p. 6. ISBN 0-89065-118-3.  ^ Edmonds (1985), pp. 115–117 ^ Patrick Fuliang Shan, "Taming China's Wilderness: Immigration, Settlement, and the Shaping of the Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Frontier, 1900–1931," Ashgate, 2014, ISBN 978-1-4094-6389-4 ^ Updated Asian map of the Köppen climate classification
Köppen climate classification
system ^ Proposed bridge to boost bilateral trade, China
China
Daily, June 19, 2007. ^ Andrew Higgins (July 16, 2016). "An Unfinished Bridge, and Partnership, Between Russia
Russia
and China". The New York Times. Retrieved July 17, 2016.  ^ "Russia, China
China
launch construction of bridge across Amur river". Russia
Russia
certai. December 25, 2016.  ^ "中华人民共和国县以上行政区划代码". 中华人民共和国民政部.  ^ 深圳市统计局. 《深圳统计年鉴2014》. 深圳统计网. 中国统计出版社. Retrieved 2015-05-29.  ^ shi, Guo wu yuan ren kou pu cha ban gong; council, Guo jia tong ji ju ren kou he jiu ye tong ji si bian = Tabulation on the 2010 population census of the people's republic of China
China
by township / compiled by Population census office under the state; population, Department of; statistics, employment statistics national bureau of (2012). Zhongguo 2010 nian ren kou pu cha fen xiang, zhen, jie dao zi liao (Di 1 ban. ed.). Beijing
Beijing
Shi: Zhongguo tong ji chu ban she. ISBN 978-7-5037-6660-2.  ^ 中华人民共和国民政部 (August 2014). 《中国民政统计年鉴2014》. 中国统计出版社. ISBN 978-7-5037-7130-9.  ^ 李景华 (1990). "马铃薯". 中国大百科全书·农业卷. 中国大百科全书出版社. [permanent dead link] ^ "50 dead in Chinese mining accidents." CNN. Retrieved on December 27, 2008. ^ http://www.chinaknowledge.com/Newswires/NewsDetail.aspx?type=1&cat=INS&NewsID=51436 ^ NE China
China
province reports record GDP growth ^ 2006年黑龙江省农民人均收入达3552元 增长10.3% Archived 2007-11-13 at the Wayback Machine. ^ RightSite.asia Daqing
Daqing
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Development Zone ^ RightSite.asia Harbin
Harbin
New & Hi-Tech Industrial Zone ^ RightSite.asia Sino- Russia
Russia
Dongning-Piurtaphca Trade Zone ^ RightSite.asia Suifenhe
Suifenhe
Border Economic Cooperation District ^ "1912年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1928年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1936-37年中国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "1947年全国人口". Retrieved 6 March 2014.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于第一次全国人口调查登记结果的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2009-08-05.  ^ "第二次全国人口普查结果的几项主要统计数字". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-09-14.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九八二年人口普查主要数字的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-05-10.  ^ "中华人民共和国国家统计局关于一九九〇年人口普查主要数据的公报". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-06-19.  ^ "现将2000年第五次全国人口普查快速汇总的人口地区分布数据公布如下". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2012-08-29.  ^ "Communiqué of the National Bureau of Statistics of People's Republic of China
China
on Major Figures of the 2010 Population Census". National Bureau of Statistics of China. Archived from the original on 2013-07-27.  ^ Bukui Mosque, a popular tourist attraction ^ " China
China
Expat city Guide". China
China
Expat. 2008. Retrieved 2009-02-08.  ^ Ice and Snow Festival in Harbin ^ 2018 World Bandy
Bandy
Championship Men's Group B will be held in Harbin on 27th ^ HEILONGJIANG PROVINCE PROMOTES BANDY AS OLYMPIC SPORT!

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Heilongjiang.

Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Government website Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
travel guide from Wikivoyage Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
International University [1]

Places adjacent to Heilongjiang

 Zabaykalsky Krai,  Russia  Amur Oblast,  Russia   Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
and  Khabarovsk Krai,  Russia

Inner Mongolia

Heilongjiang

Jilin  Primorsky Krai,  Russia

v t e

Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
topics

Harbin
Harbin
(capital)

General

History Politics Economy

Geography

Cities Greater Khingan
Greater Khingan
mountain range Lesser Khingan
Lesser Khingan
mountain range Wanda Mountains Huma River Muling
Muling
River Naoli River Songhua River Nen River Mudan River Amur River

Education

Harbin
Harbin
Institute of Technology Harbin
Harbin
Normal University Harbin
Harbin
University of Science and Technology Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
University Northeast Agricultural University Northeast Forestry University

Visitor attractions

Diaoshuilou Falls Lake Xingkai Jingpo Lake Mudan River Zhalong Nature Reserve

Category Commons

v t e

County-level divisions of Heilongjiang
Heilongjiang
Province

Harbin
Harbin
(capital)

Sub-provincial city

Harbin

Daoli District Nangang District Daowai District Xiangfang District Pingfang District Songbei District Hulan District Acheng District Shuangcheng District Shangzhi
Shangzhi
City Wuchang City Yilan County Fangzheng County Bin County Bayan County Mulan County Yanshou County Tonghe County

Prefecture-level cities

Qiqihar

Longsha District Jianhua District Tiefeng District Ang'angxi District Fularji District Nianzishan District Meilisi Daur District Nehe
Nehe
City Longjiang County Yi'an County Tailai County Gannan County Fuyu County Keshan County Kedong County Baiquan County

Jixi

Jiguan District Hengshan District Didao District Lishu District Chengzihe District Mashan District Hulin
Hulin
City Mishan
Mishan
City Jidong County

Hegang

Xingshan District Xiangyang District Gongnong District Nanshan District Xing'an District Dongshan District Luobei County Suibin County

Shuangyashan

Jianshan District Lingdong District Sifangtai District Baoshan District Jixian County Youyi County Baoqing County Raohe County

Daqing

Sartu District Longfeng District Ranghulu District Datong District Honggang District Zhaozhou County Zhaoyuan County Lindian County Dorbod Mongol
Mongol
Autonomous County

Yichun

Yichun District Nancha District Youhao District Xilin District Cuiluan District Xinqing District Meixi District Jinshantun District Wuying District Wumahe District Tangwanghe District Dailing District Wuyiling District Hongxing District Shangganling District Tieli
Tieli
City Jiayin County

Jiamusi

Qianjin District Xiangyang District Dongfeng District Jiao District Tongjiang City Fujin City Fuyuan City Huanan County Huachuan County Tangyuan County

Qitaihe

Taoshan District Xinxing District Qiezihe District Boli County

Mudanjiang

Aimin District Dong'an District Yangming District Xi'an District Muling
Muling
City Suifenhe
Suifenhe
City Hailin
Hailin
City Ning'an
Ning'an
City Dongning City Linkou County

Heihe

Aihui District Bei'an
Bei'an
City Wudalianchi
Wudalianchi
City Nenjiang County Xunke County Sunwu County

Suihua

Beilin District Anda City Zhaodong
Zhaodong
City Hailun
Hailun
City Wangkui County Lanxi County Qinggang County Qing'an County Mingshui County Suiling County

Prefecture

Daxing'anling

Huma County Tahe County Mohe County

Jiagedaqi Administrative Zone1 2 Songling Administrative Zone1 2 Huzhong Administrative Zone1 3 Xinlin Administrative Zone1 3

1 These are administrative zones, which are not standard units of local government, though they do function as such. 2 Formally part of Oroqen Autonomous Banner
Oroqen Autonomous Banner
in Inner Mongolia
Inner Mongolia
but administered de facto by Daxing'anling Prefecture
Daxing'anling Prefecture
in Heilongjiang. 3 Formally part of Huma County.

v t e

Provincial-level divisions of the People's Republic of China

Provinces

Anhui Fujian Gansu Guangdong Guizhou Hainan Hebei Heilongjiang Henan Hubei Hunan Jiangsu Jiangxi Jilin Liaoning Qinghai Shaanxi Shandong Shanxi Sichuan Yunnan Zhejiang

Autonomous regions

Guangxi Inner Mongolia Ningxia Tibet Xinjiang

Municipalities

Beijing Chongqing Shanghai Tianjin

Special
Special
administrative regions

Hong Kong Macau

Other

Taiwan¹

Note: Taiwan
Taiwan
is claimed by the People's Republic of China
People's Republic of China
but administered by the Republic of China
China
(see Political status of Taiwan).

Authority control

GND: 4235269-1 BNF: cb11982378r (data) N

.