Heaton Chapel is an area in the northern part of Stockport, Greater
Manchester, England. It borders the
Manchester districts of
Levenshulme to the north, the
Stockport districts of
Heaton Moor to
Heaton Norris to the east and
Heaton Mersey to
the west and south.
Heaton Chapel and its neighbouring areas are
collectively known as the Four Heatons.
2 Local economy
3 Popular culture
4 See also
6 External links
St Thomas' Church
Heaton Chapel did not exist but was simply part of the
Lancashire parish of Heaton Norris. The need for a chapel was
identified in Parliamentary Commission "Lancashire and Cheshire church
surveys" (1649–1655) but it was a further hundred years before Mr A.
Colier raised money by public subscription and Mr Sidebotham
petitioned the bishop of
Chester for a license to worship in 1758. It
was dedicated 28 October 1758. It is speculated that the need for the
chapel was stimulated by the preaching of
Charles Wesley who visited
Stockport in 1745. The Church was built on a field known as Yarn Croft
of 1,712 square yards. The building was plain brick, with three
rounded windows on the North side and three on the South side, and a
small projecting chancel, which served as a place for the communion
table, which was lit by means of a long round-headed window, with two
long rectangular windows on each side. The church is 'miswent';
that is not built on a true east–west axis. In 2015, the Diocese of
Manchester changed the official address of the church from Heaton
Heaton Chapel - 250 years after its establishment.
The principal road from
Stockport and the south ran
Heaton Chapel along the line of the present
It was turnpiked in 1724. There was a toll gate opposite the
church. It entered
Stockport down Lancashire Hill. In 1826 a new
turnpike was built.
Heaton Chapel station with an EMU train
In 1837 Parliamentary approval was given for the railway to be built
Manchester and Birmingham Railway, and the first section from
Heaton Norris to
Manchester Travis Street opened in 1841, but a
viaduct needed to be built at Stockport. The London and North Western
Railway completed the Crewe to
Manchester Line from Manchester, London
Road to Crewe, the rector, Mr Jackson used personal influence, to have
a station built in 1851, close to the rectory in
Heaton Moor Road. The
Station was built in a cutting. There was already a Heaton Norris
station(on Georges Road),so the new station was named Heaton Chapel.
The subsequent growth of the
Heaton Moor area led to a temporary
change of the railway station name,
Heaton Chapel for Heaton Moor,
Heaton Chapel AND
Heaton Moor - but it has again returned to
Heaton Chapel. This line was electrified in 1959. A second line
Heaton Chapel but there is no station.
In the inter-war years there was a tram service along Wellington Road
operated jointly by
Stockport corporation. Stockport
used 460v DC and
Manchester 400 volts so the
Manchester trams would
need another resistance in the circuit. The
Stockport trams would
probably have been able to manage without swapping, they would just be
on a slightly lower voltage. The trams stopped at the Levenshulme/
Heaton Chapel border so the resistances could be changed and the
collectors manually changed from one set of wires to the others.
A number of mansions were built close to the border with Heaton Moor
during the early 20th century. This part of
Heaton Chapel today has
some of the most palatial and expensive housing in Greater Manchester.
Though the SK4 postcode which includes
Heaton Chapel is together
regarded as rich.
Heaton Chapel is largely residential, characterised by substantial
well detailed early 20th century houses
A large biscuit works was opened in 1918 by McVitie and Price, later
McVitie's, part of United Biscuits. In this location chocolate covered
biscuits such as Penguin biscuits and
Jaffa Cakes are manufactured.
Crossley Bros. Ltd commenced motor car production in 1906 after
several years experience of building engines and by the end of 1916
had already supplied large numbers of tenders to the Royal Flying
Corps. In addition, production of Beardmore and Bentley Aero engines
was undertaken. Wartime expansion of production had led to the
acquisition of premises at High Lane, Heaton Chapel. This subsequently
Crossley Road, and marked the spot where
In 1917 the factory was adapted to produce
De Havilland DH.9
DH.10 twin-engined bombers. It was known as the
National Aircraft Factory No. 2, employed 2,500 people and was managed
Crossley Motors Limited. About 450 DH9s and seven DH10s were
completed before production ceased after the Armistice.
In 1934 the factory was acquired by Mr (later Sir) Richard Fairey, who
wanted additional factory space to produce aircraft ordered under the
UK's re-armament programme. Thus
Fairey Aviation was based on Crossley
Road next to the railway line.
The factory manufactured 14 Fairey Hendon, 1,154 Battle, 600 Fulmar
and 675 Barracuda aircraft and also reconditioned Swordfishes.
Fairey's also built, under sub-contract, over 660 Handley Page
Halifaxes and nearly 500 Bristol Beaufighters.
Heaton Chapel had
design staff and manufacturing capacity. Assembly was at Barton
Aerodrome for a short period then at
RAF Ringway from June 1937
In 1951 the FD1, Fairey Delta 1, was built here. On 10 March 1956, the
Fairey Delta 2, with
Heaton Chapel components, broke the World Air
Speed Record at 1820 km/h (1132 mph).
From 1954, the Gannet was also built here although production of the
338 aircraft was shared with the company's other factory at Hayes,
In 1946 the company diversified into the Nuclear industry, forming
In 1986 Fairey Engineering was taken over by Williams Holdings and
became Williams Fairey Engineering Ltd. It is now known as WFEL.
The Air Portable Ferry Bridge (APFB) is a lightweight 40 metre bridge
that can be transported to site in a C130 aircraft, and erected by 8
engineers in 90 minutes. It is in use in Iraq and Helmand Province,
Fairey Aviation sponsored the Fairey Brass Band, who hold rehearsals
in Heaton Chapel.
Sir John Alcock, who with Arthur Whitten Brown, made the first
non-stop transatlantic flight in 1919, was raised in
Heaton Chapel and
attended St. Thomas' Primary School alongside the church.
Heaton Chapel was the home of the Poco-a-Poco Club, many a big name
star performed here including
David Bowie 27 April 1970. Sited at the
junction of Denby Lane and
Manchester Road, and formerly, the Empress
Cinema, this has now been demolished and has been home to The Hinds
Head pub for a number of years.
Greater Manchester portal
Listed buildings in Stockport
^ a b c The History of St Thomas', Heaton Norris, pub privately by the
author, deposited with The British Library Copyright Receipt Office on
1 August 1979 under receipt 68519, and now released on line
Stockport Advertiser 1874
Levenshulme:Districts and suburbs of Manchester
^ Townships: Heaton Norris', A History of the County of Lancaster:
Volume 4 (1911), pp. 323–326.
^ a b R.A.Scholefield, "
Manchester Airport", 1998, Sutton Publishing
page 35, ISBN 0-7509-1954-X
^ a b c "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 16 March 2007.
Retrieved 26 May 2008. History of Fairey Engineering
^ Shaw, Stephen. "Poco a Poco, Stockport". Retrieved 2012-06-24.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Heaton Chapel.
Heaton Moor Council link
Community site for the Heatons
A Community website for The
Four Heatons - catch up on local issues
A Community website for the North Heatons Area
Areas and suburbs of Stockport