Hawke's Bay Region (Māori: Te Matau-a-Māui) is a region of New Zealand on the east coast of the North Island. It is recognised on the world stage for its award-winning wines. Hawke's Bay Regional Council sits in the city of Napier. It derives from Hawke Bay which was named by Captain James Cook in honour of Admiral Edward Hawke who decisively defeated the French at the Battle of Quiberon Bay in 1759.
The region is situated on the east coast of the North Island. It bears the former name of what is now Hawke Bay, a large semi-circular bay that extends for 100 kilometres from northeast to southwest from Mahia Peninsula to Cape Kidnappers.
The Hawke's Bay region includes the hilly coastal land around the northern and central bay, the floodplains of the Wairoa River in the north, the wide fertile Heretaunga Plains around Hastings in the south, and a hilly interior stretching up into the Kaweka and Ruahine Ranges.
Five major rivers flow down into the coast of Hawke's Bay. From north to south, they are the Wairoa River, Mohaka River, Tutaekuri River, Ngaruroro River and Tukituki River respectively. Lake Waikaremoana is situated in northern Hawke's Bay roughly 35 km from the coast. It is the largest lake in Hawke's Bay, 4th largest in the North Island and 16th largest in New Zealand.
The region consists of Wairoa District, Hastings District, Napier City, and its southernmost district, Central Hawke's Bay District, as well as the town of Taharua in Taupo District and the town of Ngamatea in Rangitikei District. It does not include Southern Hawke's Bay, whose constituent districts, the Dannevirke and Woodville counties, came under the Tararua District Council and the Manawatu-Wanganui Regional Council (also known as Horizons Regional Council) in the 1989 local government reforms.
The region has a hill with the longest place name in New Zealand, and the longest in the world according to the 2009 Guinness Book of Records. Taumatawhakatangihangakoauauotamateaturipukakapikimaungahoronukupokaiwhenuakitanatahu is an otherwise unremarkable hill in southern Hawke's Bay, not far from Waipukurau.
Below is a list of urban areas that contain more than 1,000 population.
|% of region|
Around 50.5 percent of Hawke's Bay's population affiliate with Christianity at the 2013 Census, making it one of two regions in New Zealand (the other being Southland) with a majority Christian population.
|New Zealand European||104,250||73.0|
|Cook Islands Maori||2,283||1.6|
|Middle Eastern/Latin American/African||666||0.5|
|Total people stated||142,845||100.0|
|Not elsewhere included||8,334||5.5|
Hawke's Bay Province was founded in 1858 as a province of New Zealand, after being separated from the Wellington Province following a meeting in Napier in February 1858. The Province was abolished in 1876 along with all other provinces in New Zealand. It was replaced with a Provincial District.
On February 3, 1931, Napier and Hastings were devastated by New Zealand's worst natural disaster, an earthquake measuring 7.9 on the Richter magnitude scale, which killed 256 people. Napier rebuilt and now the city is world-famous for its Art Deco buildings, and celebrates its heritage each February with the Art Deco Weekend. MTG Hawke's Bay, formerly Hawke's Bay Museum and Art Gallery, has an exhibition on the earthquake, its causes and impact.
The GDP of the Hawke's Bay region was estimated at US$4.3 billion in 2003, 3% of the national GDP.
The region is renowned for its horticulture, with large orchards and vineyards on the plains. In the hilly parts of the region sheep and cattle farming predominates, with forestry blocks in the roughest areas.
The climate is dry and temperate, and the long, hot summers and cool winters offer excellent weather for growing grapes. Missionaries in the mid 19th century planted the first vines in Hawke's Bay and it is now becoming an important place for full bodied red wines. As of January 2010, there are an estimated 75 wineries located across Hawke's Bay.
Hawke's Bay is home to New Zealand's first space launch complex, Rocket Lab's orbital launch site (known as Launch Complex 1) on the Māhia Peninsula in Wairoa District. Wairoa District is home to 'Space Coast New Zealand' - that stretch of Wairoa district's coastline from which space launch viewing can be undertaken. Rocket Lab anticipates launching its 17m Electron vehicle early in 2017.
Hawke's Bay is one of the most seismically active regions in New Zealand and has experienced many large and often damaging earthquakes. More than 50 damaging earthquakes have rocked the region since the 1800s. Some of the more notable are listed below.
|Date||Location||Magnitude (ML)||Depth||Fatalities||More information|
|8 Jul 1843||25 km west of Tikokino||7.6||12 km||2|||
|22 Feb 1863||Waipukurau||7.5||25 km||1863 Hawke's Bay earthquake |
|14 Sep 1875||Mahia Peninsula||5.8||25 km|||
|9 Aug 1904||Porangahau||7.0||16 km|||
|28 Jun 1921||Kaweka Forest Park||6.7||80 km|||
|12 Feb 1930||Porangahau||6.2||33 km|||
|3 Feb 1931||20 km north of Napier||7.8||20 km||256||1931 Hawke's Bay earthquake |
|3 Feb 1931||25 km north east of Napier||5.8||25 km|||
|8 Feb 1931||Wairoa||6.4||60 km|||
|13 Feb 1931||50 km east of Napier||7.3||30 km|||
|5 May 1932||50 km east of Napier||5.9||12 km|||
|16 Sep 1932||Wairoa||6.9||12 km|||
|5 Mar 1934||Pongaroa||7.2||12 km|||
|15 Mar 1934||Wairoa||6.3||25 km|||
|26 Feb 1940||Hastings||6.0||25 km|||
|1 Mar 1950||Lake Waikaremoana||5.8||60 km|||
|10 Feb 1951||Porangahau||6.2||33 km|||
|6 Oct 1980||Hastings||5.7||30 km|||
|19 Feb 1990||Porangahau||6.2||34 km|||
|13 May 1990||Porangahau||6.4||30 km|||
The Hawke's Bay regional council consists of nine elected members and holds elections every three years. As of the 2016 election the current council is:
|Rex Graham - Chair||Hastings|
|Rick Barker - Deputy Chair||Hastings|
|Debbie Hewitt||Central Hawke's Bay|
The region is served by a variety of radio stations including Radio Kahungunu, Classic Hits 89.5, More FM, access station Radio Kidnappers and local station Bay FM. As well, most of the national commercial and non-commercial operators have transmitters covering the region. Hawke's Bay also has its own TV station, TVHB, which provides a mix of news and information programmes hosted by local personalities.
Hawke's Bay produces some of New Zealand's finest wines and once a year Harvest Hawke's Bay celebrates the fact by offering a three-day wine and food festival. This event attracts many thousands.
Napier is home to the Mission Concert held early each year since 1993. The event, held at the Mission Estate Winery in Taradale, has attracted performers such as Kenny Rogers, Shirley Bassey, Rod Stewart, The B-52's, Belinda Carlisle, Ray Charles, and Eric Clapton. The 2009 concert attraction was to be Lionel Richie, but the concert was cancelled because of rain.
As throughout New Zealand, Rugby union is the most popular sport. The Hawke's Bay Magpies play in New Zealand's annual professional domestic rugby union competition, the Mitre 10 Cup. The team represents the Hawke's Bay region in provincial representative rugby, and draws its players from the constituent clubs who are affiliated to the provincial union. The team play their home matches in McLean Park in Napier. Players representing Hawke's Bay are also eligible to play for the Hurricanes in the annual transnational Super Rugby competition. Hawke's Bay has produced a number of notable All Blacks, including Cyril Brownlie, Maurice Brownlie, Mark Donaldson, and more recently, Bryn Evans, Greg Somerville, Hikawera Elliot, Zac Guildford and current All Black Israel Dagg. The Hawke's Bay Hawks compete in the New Zealand National Basketball League.
NZ population datawas invoked but never defined (see the help page).
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hawke's Bay Region.|
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Hawke's Bay.|