The Info List - Haw Phra Kaew

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Haw Phra Kaew
Haw Phra Kaew
(Lao: ຫໍພະແກ້ວ), also written as Ho Prakeo, Hor Pha Keo and other similar spellings, is a former temple in Vientiane, Laos. It is situated on Setthathirath
Road, to the southeast of Wat Si Saket. It was first built in 1565 to house the Emerald Buddha, but has been rebuilt several times. The interior now houses a museum of religious art and a small shop.[1]


1 History 2 Exhibits 3 Gallery 4 References 5 External links


Ruins of the Ho Phra Keo royal temple as depicted by Louis Delaporte (c.1867) following the destruction of Vientiane
in 1828.

Standing Buddha figures

Haw Phra Kaew
Haw Phra Kaew
was built in 1565–1566 on the orders of King Setthathirath
after he moved the capital from Luang Prabang
Luang Prabang
to Vientiane.[2] The temple was built on the grounds of the royal palace to house the Emerald Buddha
Emerald Buddha
figurine, which Setthathirath
had brought from Chiang Mai, then the capital of Lanna, to Luang Prabang. The temple was used as Setthathirath's personal place of worship, and because of this, there were no resident monks in this temple unlike other temples in Laos.[1] The Emerald Buddha
Emerald Buddha
stayed in the temple for over 200 years, but in 1779, Vientiane
was seized by the Siamese General Chao Phraya Chakri (who founded the current Chakri Dynasty
Chakri Dynasty
of Thailand), the figurine was taken to Thonburi
and the temple destroyed. The Buddha now resides in Wat Phra Kaew
Wat Phra Kaew
in Bangkok, and is considered the palladium of Thailand. The temple was rebuilt in 1816 by King Anouvong, with a new image crafted in place of the lost Emerald Buddha.[3] However, the temple was again destroyed in 1828 when King Anouvong
King Anouvong
rebelled against Siam in an attempt to regain full independence, and Vientiane
was razed to the ground by Siamese forces in retaliation. The ruined temple was depicted in a drawing by Louis Delaporte (c.1867, shown left). The temple was rebuilt by the French between 1936 and 1942 during the colonial period of French Indochina. The surviving structures of the old temple were used as the basis for the rebuilding; even though it followed the plan of the old temple, the rebuilt temple resembles more of a 19th-century Bangkok-style ubosot or sim.[2] In the 1970s the temple was converted from a place of worship to a museum.[1] It was restored again in 1993.[4] Exhibits[edit]

Bronze Buddha statues at Haw Phra Kaew

Haw Phra Kaew
Haw Phra Kaew
is now used as a museum where some of the best examples of Laos
religious art is displayed. A number of Buddhas are placed on the terrace, including stone Buddhas dating from the 6th to 9th century, and bronze standing and seated Buddha of later periods.[2] More Buddhas images are displayed in the sim - the sim is the main ordination hall where the religious ceremony is conducted. The ornately carved wooden doors to the sim are original to the old temple. The Buddha images displayed include a wooden copy of Phra Bang, the palladium of Laos.[5] There is also a gilded throne for the Emerald Buddha, Khmer stone steles, wood carvings, bronze frog drum, and Buddhist manuscripts inscribed on palm leaves.[6] The building is set in a landscaped garden, and among the items on display in the garden is a 2,000 year old stone jar from the Plain of Jars of Xieng Khouang Plateau.[6] Gallery[edit]

Door to the sim carved in high relief

Monk at Haw Phra Kaew

Seated Buddhas

Entrance stairs

Front view


^ a b c " Vientiane
Municipality". Official Website of Lao Tourism. Retrieved 2 December 2012.  ^ a b c Andrew Burke, Justine Vaisutis (2007). Laos. Lonely Planet. p. 95. ISBN 978-1741045680. CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link) ^ Marc Askew; Colin Long; William Logan (2006). Vientiane: Transformations of a Lao landscape. Taylor & Francis Ebooks. ISBN 9781134323647.  ^ "Ho Phra Keo". Old Stones.  ^ "Wat Ho Phra Keo in Vientiane". Visit Laos.  ^ a b "Haw Phra Kaew". Renown Travel. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haw Phra Kaew.

Hor Pha Keo Museum

Coordinates: 17°57′41″N 102°36′42″E / 17.96139°N 102.61167°E / 1