Haw Phra Kaew
Haw Phra Kaew (Lao: ຫໍພະແກ້ວ), also written as Ho
Prakeo, Hor Pha Keo and other similar spellings, is a former temple in
Vientiane, Laos. It is situated on
Setthathirath Road, to the
southeast of Wat Si Saket. It was first built in 1565 to house the
Emerald Buddha, but has been rebuilt several times. The interior now
houses a museum of religious art and a small shop.
5 External links
Ruins of the Ho Phra Keo royal temple as depicted by Louis Delaporte
(c.1867) following the destruction of
Vientiane in 1828.
Standing Buddha figures
Haw Phra Kaew
Haw Phra Kaew was built in 1565–1566 on the orders of King
Setthathirath after he moved the capital from
Luang Prabang to
Vientiane. The temple was built on the grounds of the royal palace
to house the
Emerald Buddha figurine, which
Setthathirath had brought
from Chiang Mai, then the capital of Lanna, to Luang Prabang. The
temple was used as Setthathirath's personal place of worship, and
because of this, there were no resident monks in this temple unlike
other temples in Laos. The
Emerald Buddha stayed in the temple for
over 200 years, but in 1779,
Vientiane was seized by the Siamese
General Chao Phraya Chakri (who founded the current
Chakri Dynasty of
Thailand), the figurine was taken to
Thonburi and the temple
destroyed. The Buddha now resides in
Wat Phra Kaew
Wat Phra Kaew in Bangkok, and is
considered the palladium of Thailand.
The temple was rebuilt in 1816 by King Anouvong, with a new image
crafted in place of the lost Emerald Buddha. However, the temple
was again destroyed in 1828 when
King Anouvong rebelled against Siam
in an attempt to regain full independence, and
Vientiane was razed to
the ground by Siamese forces in retaliation. The ruined temple was
depicted in a drawing by Louis Delaporte (c.1867, shown left). The
temple was rebuilt by the French between 1936 and 1942 during the
colonial period of French Indochina. The surviving structures of the
old temple were used as the basis for the rebuilding; even though it
followed the plan of the old temple, the rebuilt temple resembles more
of a 19th-century Bangkok-style ubosot or sim. In the 1970s the
temple was converted from a place of worship to a museum. It was
restored again in 1993.
Bronze Buddha statues at Haw Phra Kaew
Haw Phra Kaew
Haw Phra Kaew is now used as a museum where some of the best examples
Laos religious art is displayed. A number of Buddhas are placed on
the terrace, including stone Buddhas dating from the 6th to 9th
century, and bronze standing and seated Buddha of later periods.
More Buddhas images are displayed in the sim - the sim is the main
ordination hall where the religious ceremony is conducted. The
ornately carved wooden doors to the sim are original to the old
temple. The Buddha images displayed include a wooden copy of Phra
Bang, the palladium of Laos. There is also a gilded throne for the
Emerald Buddha, Khmer stone steles, wood carvings, bronze frog drum,
and Buddhist manuscripts inscribed on palm leaves.
The building is set in a landscaped garden, and among the items on
display in the garden is a 2,000 year old stone jar from the Plain of
Jars of Xieng Khouang Plateau.
Door to the sim carved in high relief
Monk at Haw Phra Kaew
^ a b c "
Vientiane Municipality". Official Website of Lao Tourism.
Retrieved 2 December 2012.
^ a b c Andrew Burke, Justine Vaisutis (2007). Laos. Lonely Planet.
p. 95. ISBN 978-1741045680. CS1 maint: Uses authors
^ Marc Askew; Colin Long; William Logan (2006). Vientiane:
Transformations of a Lao landscape. Taylor & Francis Ebooks.
^ "Ho Phra Keo". Old Stones.
^ "Wat Ho Phra Keo in Vientiane". Visit Laos.
^ a b "Haw Phra Kaew". Renown Travel.
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Haw Phra Kaew.
Hor Pha Keo Museum
Coordinates: 17°57′41″N 102°36′42″E / 17.96139°N
102.61167°E / 1