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Hartford is the capital of the U.S. state
U.S. state
of Connecticut. It was the seat of Hartford County until Connecticut
Connecticut
disbanded county government in 1960. The city is nicknamed the " Insurance
Insurance
Capital of the World", as it hosts many insurance company headquarters which is the region's major industry. Hartford was founded in 1635 and is among the oldest cities in the United States. It is home to the nation's oldest public art museum (Wadsworth Atheneum), the oldest publicly funded park (Bushnell Park), the oldest continuously published newspaper ( The Hartford
The Hartford
Courant), and the second-oldest secondary school (Hartford Public High School). It also is home to Trinity College, a private liberal arts college, and the Mark Twain House
Mark Twain House
where the author wrote his most famous works and raised his family, among other historically significant attractions. Mark Twain
Mark Twain
wrote in 1868, "Of all the beautiful towns it has been my fortune to see this is the chief." Hartford was the richest city in the United States
United States
for several decades following the American Civil War.[2] Today, it is one of the poorest cities in the nation, with 3 out of every 10 families living below the poverty threshold. In sharp contrast, the Hartford metropolitan area is ranked 32nd of 318 metropolitan areas in total economic production and 7th out of 280 metropolitan statistical areas in per capita income.[3] Census estimates since the 2010 United States
United States
Census have indicated that Hartford is the fourth-largest city in Connecticut, behind the coastal cities of Bridgeport, New Haven, Connecticut, and Stamford.[4]

Contents

1 History

1.1 Colonial Hartford 1.2 19th century

1.2.1 Political turmoil 1.2.2 Industrialization and the Colt legacy 1.2.3 Rise of a major manufacturing center

1.3 20th century 1.4 21st century

2 Geography 3 Climate 4 Demographics 5 Government

5.1 City council 5.2 Emergency services

6 Neighborhoods 7 Economy 8 Media 9 Education

9.1 Colleges and universities 9.2 Primary and secondary education

10 Transportation

10.1 Highways 10.2 Rail 10.3 Airports 10.4 Bus 10.5 Bicycle

11 Culture

11.1 Points of interest 11.2 Parades

12 Sports

12.1 Former teams

13 Recent developments 14 Notable people 15 Sister cities 16 See also 17 Notes 18 References 19 External links

History[edit] Main articles: History of Hartford, Connecticut
Connecticut
and Timeline of Hartford, Connecticut

1877 map of Hartford

Various tribes lived in or around Hartford, all part of the Algonquin people. These included the Podunks, mostly east of the Connecticut River; the Poquonocks north and west of Hartford; the Massacoes in the Simsbury area; the Tunxis tribe in West Hartford and Farmington; the Wangunks to the south; and the Saukiog in Hartford itself.[5] Colonial Hartford[edit]

Hartford, Connecticut, New York Public Library

The first Europeans known to have explored the area were the Dutch under Adriaen Block, who sailed up the Connecticut
Connecticut
in 1614. Dutch fur traders from New Amsterdam
New Amsterdam
returned in 1623 with a mission to establish a trading post and fortify the area for the Dutch West India Company. The original site was located on the south bank of the Park River in the present-day Sheldon/ Charter Oak
Charter Oak
neighborhood. This fort was called Fort Hoop or the "House of Hope." In 1633, Jacob Van Curler formally bought the land around Fort Hoop from the Pequot
Pequot
chief for a small sum. It was home to perhaps a couple families and a few dozen soldiers. The fort was abandoned by 1654, but the area is known today as Dutch Point; the name of the Dutch fort "House of Hope" is reflected in the name of Huyshope Avenue.[6][7] The Dutch outpost and the tiny contingent of Dutch soldiers who were stationed there did little to check the English migration, and the Dutch soon realized that they were vastly outnumbered. The House of Hope remained an outpost, but it was steadily swallowed up by waves of English settlers. In 1650, Peter Stuyvesant
Peter Stuyvesant
met with English representatives to negotiate a permanent boundary between the Dutch and English colonies; the line that they agreed on was more than 50 miles (80 km) west of the original settlement. The English began to arrive in 1636, settling upstream from Fort Hoop near the present-day Downtown and Sheldon/Charter Oak neighborhoods.[8] Puritan
Puritan
pastors Thomas Hooker
Thomas Hooker
and Samuel Stone, along with Governor John Haynes, led 100 settlers with 130 head of cattle in a trek from Newtown in the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Massachusetts Bay Colony
(now Cambridge) and started their settlement just north of the Dutch fort.[9] The settlement was originally called Newtown, but it was changed to Hartford in 1637 in honor of Stone's hometown of Hertford, England. (Hooker also created the nearby town of Windsor in 1633.)[10] The etymology of Hartford is the ford where harts cross, or "deer crossing." The Seal of the City of Hartford[11] features a male deer. The fledgling colony along the Connecticut
Connecticut
River was outside of the jurisdiction of the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
Bay Colony's charter and had to determine how it was to be governed. Therefore, Hooker delivered a sermon that inspired the writing of the Fundamental Orders of Connecticut, a document ratified January 14, 1639 which invested the people with the authority to govern, rather than ceding such authority to a higher power. Historians suggest that Hooker's conception of self-rule embodied in the Fundamental Orders inspired the Connecticut Constitution, and ultimately the U.S. Constitution. Today, one of Connecticut's nicknames is the "Constitution State."[12] The original settlement area contained the site of the Charter Oak, an old white oak tree in which colonists hid Connecticut's Royal Charter of 1662 to protect it from confiscation by an English governor-general. The state adopted the oak tree as the emblem on the Connecticut
Connecticut
state quarter. The Charter Oak
Charter Oak
Monument is located at the corner of Charter Oak
Charter Oak
Place, a historic street, and Charter Oak Avenue.[13] 19th century[edit] Throughout the 19th century, Hartford's residential population, economic productivity, cultural influence, and concentration of political power continued to grow. The advance of the Industrial Revolution in Hartford in the mid-1800s made this city by late century one of the wealthiest per capita in United States.[14] Political turmoil[edit]

State Street in 1914

On December 15, 1814, delegates from the five New England
New England
states ( Maine
Maine
was still part of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
at that time) gathered at the Hartford Convention
Hartford Convention
to discuss New England's possible secession from the United States.[15] During the early 19th century, the Hartford area was a center of abolitionist activity, and the most famous abolitionist family was the Beechers. The Reverend Lyman Beecher
Lyman Beecher
was an important Congregational minister known for his anti-slavery sermons.[16][17] His daughter Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe
wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin; her brother Henry Ward Beecher
Henry Ward Beecher
was a noted clergyman who vehemently opposed slavery and supported the temperance movement and women's suffrage.[18][19] The Stowes' sister Isabella Beecher Hooker was a leading member of the women's rights movement.[20]

Bulkeley Bridge, circa 1906–1916

In 1860, Hartford was the site of the first "Wide Awakes," abolitionist supporters of Abraham Lincoln. These supporters organized torch-light parades that were both political and social events, often including fireworks and music, in celebration of Lincoln's visit to the city. This type of event caught on and eventually became a staple of mid-to-late 19th-century campaigning.[21] Industrialization and the Colt legacy[edit] Industrialist and inventor Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
and his wife Elizabeth had a great influence on Hartford's development in the 100 years after independence. Colt is often considered the father of the Connecticut River Valley industrial revolution, although there were a handful of small outfits already in operation by the time that he purchased a large tract of land in the area in the 1840s. In 1836, Connecticut-born Colt received a U.S. patent for a revolver mechanism which enabled a gun to be fired multiple times without reloading. Sales were initially slow and his business ventures struggled. Then the U.S. government ordered 1,000 Colt revolvers in 1846, with the Mexican–American War
Mexican–American War
under way. In 1848, Colt was able to start again with a new business of his own, and he converted it into a corporation in 1855 under the name of Colt's Patent Fire Arms Manufacturing Company. The original factory is situated in the Sheldon/ Charter Oak
Charter Oak
neighborhood just south of downtown Hartford.[22] With business booming by 1855, Colt entered an aggressive expansionary phase and opened the Colt Armory, the world's largest private armament factory. He employed advanced manufacturing techniques such as interchangeable parts and an organized production line. By 1856, the company could produce 150 weapons per day. The Civil War led to a surge in demand, and Colt supplied the Union Army. Colt's Patent Fire-Arms Manufacturing Company operated at full capacity and employed over 1,000 people in its Hartford factory. By that time, Colt had become one of the wealthiest men in America. He was presiding over his enterprise from Armsmear, an ornate Italianate
Italianate
manor built near the armory in 1857. Upon his death in 1862, he was worth over $15 million ($380 million by 2015 standards).[23] Colt's methods were at the forefront of the Industrial Revolution, and his successes secured Hartford's place as a major 19th century manufacturing center. It is estimated that his company produced over 400,000 revolvers in its first 25 years of manufacturing. His use of interchangeable parts helped him become one of the first to exploit the assembly line.[24] Moreover, his innovative use of art, celebrity endorsements, and corporate gifts to promote his wares made him a pioneer in the fields of advertising, product placement, and mass marketing. His business practices were also innovative, involving a shrewd use of patents to protect his products, as well as new developments in marketing and business organization to create a highly successful business which long outlived him. Elizabeth Colt inherited a controlling interest in her late husband's manufacturing company following his death in 1862. At the time, Colt firearms were producing an estimated 1/996th of the entire gross national product of the United States. She steered the company until 1901 with her brother Richard Jarvis
Richard Jarvis
as president, becoming one of the most prominent female industrialists in America. Together they transitioned the company from the end of the American Civil War
American Civil War
into the 20th century, seeing the evolution from percussion revolvers to cartridge revolvers to semiautomatic pistols and machineguns.[25] In addition, the Colts left an indelible imprint on Hartford's architectural environment. Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
was inspired by what he had seen during a trip to London
London
in 1851, and he embarked upon one of the boldest real estate development campaigns in Hartford's history. His intention was to build an industrial community to house his workers adjacent to the Colt Armory. By 1856, it was a city within a city, where workers of many nationalities and religions worked and lived alongside one another. Coltsville was among the first of America's 19th century company towns, and it was easily the most advanced of its time—though not the largest, the most prominent, or the most tightly controlled. Colt's complex also included the largest armory in the world, as well as wharf and ferry facilities on the Connecticut River.[26] A major fire destroyed the original armory in 1864, but Elizabeth Colt had it rebuilt, including its most dramatic feature: the blue onion dome with gold starts, topped by a gold orb and a rampant colt, the original symbol of Colt Manufacturing Company. The Colt Armory
Colt Armory
is visible to commuters on I-91 and stands as a monument to Hartford's first "celebrity industrialist" and the once mighty empire that he created.[27]

Church of the Good Shepherd

Elizabeth Colt dedicated her final decades to philanthropy and public works. She commissioned the Church of the Good Shepherd in 1896 as a monument to her son following his death. It is built in High Victorian Gothic style, and architectural features include a variety of gun parts, such as bullet molds, gun sights, and cylinders—likely the only church in the world with a gun motif.[28] With no remaining children, Elizabeth willed her extensive collection of rare art to the Wadsworth Atheneum
Wadsworth Atheneum
in Hartford, one of the oldest art galleries in America. The Elizabeth Hart Jarvis Colt Memorial Wing was the first American museum wing to bear the name of a female patron.[29] When Elizabeth Colt died in 1904, she willed the majority of her estate Armsmear
Armsmear
to the City of Hartford for use as a public park. Today the 105 acres (42 ha) Colt Park
Colt Park
serves the community with a number of athletic fields, playgrounds, a swimming pool, playground, skating rink, and Dillon Stadium.[30] Hartford was a major manufacturing city from the 19th century until the mid-20th century. During the Industrial Revolution
Industrial Revolution
into the mid-20th century, the Connecticut
Connecticut
River Valley cities produced many major precision manufacturing innovations. Among these was Hartford's pioneer bicycle and automobile maker Pope.[31] Many factories have been closed or relocated, or have reduced operations, as in nearly all former Northern manufacturing cities. Rise of a major manufacturing center[edit]

Colt's Armory from an 1857 engraving viewed from the east

Old Post Office and Custom House next to the Old State House (left) in 1903. The building was completed in 1882 and demolished in 1934.

Around 1850, Hartford native Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
perfected the precision manufacturing process that enabled the mass production of thousands of his revolvers with interchangeable parts. A variety of industries adopted and adapted these techniques over the next several decades, and Hartford became the center of production for a wide array of products, including:

Colt, Richard Gatling, and John Browning
John Browning
firearms Weed sewing machines Royal and Underwood typewriters Columbia bicycles Pope automobiles[32]

The Pratt & Whitney Company was founded in Hartford in 1860 by Francis A. Pratt and Amos Whitney. They built a substantial factory in which the company manufactured a wide range of machine tools, including tools for the makers of sewing machines, and gun-making machinery for use by the Union Army
Union Army
during the American Civil War. Pratt Street (off Main St) continues to reflect this heritage.[clarification needed] In 1925, the company expanded into aircraft engine design at its Hartford factory. Just three years after Colt's first factory opened, the Sharps Rifle Manufacturing Company set up shop in 1852 at a nearby site along the now-buried Park River, located in the present-day neighborhood of Frog Hollow. Their factory heralded the beginning of the area's transformation from marshy farmland into a major industrial zone. The road leading from town to the factory was called Rifle Lane; the name was later changed to College Street and then Capitol Avenue.[33] A century earlier, mills had located along the Park River because of the water power, but by the 1850s water power was approaching obsolescence. Sharps located there specifically to take advantage of the railroad line that had been constructed alongside the river in 1838. The Sharps Rifle Company failed in 1870, and the Weed Sewing Machine Company took over its factory. The invention of a new type of sewing machine led to a new application of mass production after the principles of interchangeability were applied to clocks and guns. The Weed Company played a major role in making Hartford one of three machine tool centers in New England
New England
and even outranked the Colt Armory in nearby Coltsville in size.[33] Weed eventually became the birthplace of both the bicycle and automobile industries in Hartford. Industrialist Albert Pope was inspired by a British-made, high-wheeled bicycle (called a velocipede) that he saw at the 1876 Philadelphia Centennial Exposition, and he bought patent rights for bicycle production in the United States. He wanted to contract out his first order, however, so he approached George Fairfield of Weed Sewing Machine Company, who produced Pope's first run of bicycles in 1878.[34] Bicycles proved to be a huge commercial success, and production expanded in the Weed factory, with Weed making every part but the tires. Demand for bicycles overshadowed the failing sewing machine market by 1890, so Pope bought the Weed factory, took over as its president, and renamed it the Pope Manufacturing Company. The bicycle boom was short-lived, peaking near the turn of the century when more and more consumers craved individual automobile travel, and Pope's company suffered financially from over-production amidst falling demand. In an effort to save his business, Pope opened a motor carriage department and turned out electric carriages, beginning with the "Mark III" in 1897. His venture might have made Hartford the capital of the automobile industry were it not for the ascendancy of Henry Ford and a series of pitfalls and patent struggles that outlived Pope himself.[35] In 1876, Hartford Machine Screw was granted a charter "for the purpose of manufacturing screws, hardware and machinery of every variety." The basis for its incorporation was the invention of the first single-spindle automatic screw machine. For its next four years, the new firm occupied one of Weed's buildings, milling thousands of screws daily on over 50 machines. Its president was George Fairfield, who ran Weed, and its superintendent was Christopher Spencer, one of Connecticut's most versatile inventors. Soon Hartford Machine Screw outgrew its quarters and built a new factory adjacent to Weed, where it remained until 1948.[36] 20th century[edit]

Constitution Plaza's clock tower

On the week of April 12, 1909, the Connecticut
Connecticut
River reached a record flood stage of 24.5 feet (7.47 meters) above the low water mark, flooding the city of Hartford and doing great damage.[37] On July 6, 1944, Hartford was the scene of one of the worst fire disasters in the history of the United States. It occurred at a performance of the Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
Ringling Brothers and Barnum and Bailey Circus
and became known as the Hartford Circus Fire.[38] After World War II, many residents of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
moved to Hartford and Puerto Rican flags can be found on cars and buildings all over the city even today.[39] Former Hartford Mayor Eddie Pérez was born in Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico
and moved to Hartford in 1969 when he was 12 years old. Starting in the late 1950s, the suburbs ringing Hartford began to grow and flourish and the capital city began a long decline. Insurance giant Connecticut
Connecticut
General (now CIGNA) moved to a new, modern campus in the suburb of Bloomfield. Constitution Plaza
Constitution Plaza
had been hailed as a model of urban renewal, but it gradually became a concrete office park. Once-flourishing department stores shut down, such as Brown Thomson, Sage-Allen, and G. Fox & Co., as suburban malls grew in popularity, such as Westfarms
Westfarms
and Buckland Hills.[40] In 1997, the city lost its professional hockey franchise, with the Hartford Whalers
Hartford Whalers
moving to Raleigh, North Carolina—despite an increase in season ticket sales and an offer from the state for a new arena. In 2005, a developer from Newton, Massachusetts
Massachusetts
(who was also the city's largest property owner) tried to work with the city to bring an NHL
NHL
team back to Hartford and house them in a new, publicly funded stadium.[41] Hartford experienced problems as the population shrank 11 percent during the 1990s. Only Flint, Michigan, Gary, Indiana, Saint Louis, and Baltimore
Baltimore
experienced larger population losses during the decade. However, the population has increased since the 2000 Census.[42]

Downtown Hartford
Downtown Hartford
from the air

In 1987, Carrie Saxon Perry was elected mayor of Hartford, the first female African-American mayor of a major American city.[43] 21st century[edit] In 2004, Underground Coalition, a Connecticut
Connecticut
hip hop promotion company, produced the First Annual Hartford Hip Hop Festival, which also took place at Adriaen's Landing. The event drew over 5,000 fans. A significant number of cultural events and performances take place every year at Mortensen Plaza (Riverfront Recapture Organization) by the banks of the Connecticut
Connecticut
River. These events are held outdoors and include live music, festivals, dance, arts and crafts. They are very diverse in ethnicity. Hartford also has a vibrant theater scene with major Broadway productions at the Bushnell Theater as well as performances at the Hartford Stage and Theaterworks (City Arts).[44] In July 2017, Hartford started considering filing Chapter 9 bankruptcy.[45][46] Geography[edit]

Photograph of Hartford taken from the International Space Station (ISS)

According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 18.0 square miles (47 km2), of which 17.3 square miles (45 km2) is land and 0.7 square miles (1.8 km2) (3.67%) is water.[47][48] Hartford is bordered by the towns of West Hartford, Newington, Wethersfield, East Hartford, Bloomfield, South Windsor, and Windsor. The Connecticut
Connecticut
River forms the boundary between Hartford and East Hartford, and is located on the east side of the city.[49] The Park River originally divided Hartford into northern and southern sections and was a major part of Bushnell Park, but the river was nearly completely enclosed and buried by flood control projects in the 1940s.[50] The former course of the river can still be seen in some of the roadways that were built in the river's place, such as Jewell Street and the Conlin-Whitehead Highway.[51] Climate[edit]

State House Square in Downtown Hartford

Hartford lies in the humid continental climate zone (Köppen Dfa), and is part of USDA Hardiness zone
Hardiness zone
6b, degrading to 6a in the northern, western, and eastern suburbs away from the Connecticut
Connecticut
River valley.[52] Seasonally, the period from May through October is warm to hot in Hartford, with the hottest months being June, July, and August. In the summer months there is often high humidity and occasional (but brief) thundershowers. The cool to cold months are from November through April, with the coldest months in December, January, and February having average highs in the lower 30's F and overnight lows near 20 F.[53] The average annual precipitation is approximately 45.9 inches (1,170 mm),[54] which is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Hartford typically receives about 44.5 inches (113 cm) of snow in an average winter – about 40% more than coastal Connecticut cities like New Haven, Stamford, and New London.[54] Seasonal snowfall has ranged from 115.2 inches (293 cm) during the winter of 1995–96 to 13.5 inches (34 cm) in 1999–2000.[55] During the summer, temperatures reach or exceed 90 °F (32 °C) on an average of 17 days per year,[54] though the record number of occurrences was 38 in 1983 and 1920 saw none. Conversely, on average, temperatures do not rise above freezing on 30 days and dip to 0 °F (−18 °C) or below on 4.0 nights per year.[54] Tropical storms and hurricanes have also struck Hartford, although the occurrence of such systems is rare and is usually confined to the remnants of such storms. Hartford saw extensive damage from the 1938 New England
New England
Hurricane, as well as with Hurricane Irene
Hurricane Irene
in 2011. The highest officially recorded temperature is 103 °F (39 °C) on July 22, 2011 and the lowest is −26 °F (−32 °C) on January 22, 1961; the record cold daily maximum is −1 °F (−18 °C) on December 2, 1917, while, conversely, the record warm daily minimum is 80 °F (27 °C) on July 31, 1917.[54]

Climate data for Bradley International Airport, Connecticut (1981–2010 normals,[a] extremes 1905–present)[b]

Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year

Record high °F (°C) 72 (22) 74 (23) 89 (32) 96 (36) 99 (37) 100 (38) 103 (39) 102 (39) 101 (38) 91 (33) 83 (28) 76 (24) 103 (39)

Mean maximum °F (°C) 55.6 (13.1) 57.4 (14.1) 70.1 (21.2) 82.9 (28.3) 89.0 (31.7) 92.8 (33.8) 95.1 (35.1) 94.1 (34.5) 88.7 (31.5) 79.4 (26.3) 70.8 (21.6) 59.0 (15) 97.2 (36.2)

Average high °F (°C) 34.5 (1.4) 38.5 (3.6) 47.7 (8.7) 60.5 (15.8) 71.2 (21.8) 79.6 (26.4) 84.5 (29.2) 82.7 (28.2) 74.9 (23.8) 63.1 (17.3) 51.6 (10.9) 39.7 (4.3) 60.7 (15.9)

Daily mean °F (°C) 26.1 (−3.3) 29.7 (−1.3) 37.8 (3.2) 49.4 (9.7) 59.5 (15.3) 68.5 (20.3) 73.6 (23.1) 71.9 (22.2) 63.8 (17.7) 52.1 (11.2) 42.4 (5.8) 31.6 (−0.2) 50.5 (10.3)

Average low °F (°C) 17.7 (−7.9) 20.9 (−6.2) 27.9 (−2.3) 38.4 (3.6) 47.7 (8.7) 57.3 (14.1) 62.7 (17.1) 61.1 (16.2) 52.7 (11.5) 41.1 (5.1) 33.2 (0.7) 23.4 (−4.8) 40.3 (4.6)

Mean minimum °F (°C) −2 (−19) 1.9 (−16.7) 10.7 (−11.8) 26.2 (−3.2) 33.5 (0.8) 44.2 (6.8) 51.5 (10.8) 48.4 (9.1) 37.8 (3.2) 26.9 (−2.8) 17.5 (−8.1) 6.0 (−14.4) −4.5 (−20.3)

Record low °F (°C) −26 (−32) −24 (−31) −6 (−21) 9 (−13) 28 (−2) 37 (3) 44 (7) 36 (2) 30 (−1) 17 (−8) 1 (−17) −18 (−28) −26 (−32)

Average precipitation inches (mm) 3.23 (82) 2.89 (73.4) 3.62 (91.9) 3.72 (94.5) 4.35 (110.5) 4.35 (110.5) 4.18 (106.2) 3.93 (99.8) 3.88 (98.6) 4.37 (111) 3.89 (98.8) 3.44 (87.4) 45.85 (1,164.6)

Average snowfall inches (cm) 12.3 (31.2) 11.0 (27.9) 6.4 (16.3) 1.4 (3.6) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 0 (0) 2.0 (5.1) 7.4 (18.8) 40.5 (102.9)

Average precipitation days (≥ 0.01 inch) 10.8 9.7 11.5 11.2 12.8 12.2 10.4 10.0 9.8 10.2 10.7 10.7 130.0

Average snowy days (≥ 0.1 inch) 5.8 4.7 3.5 0.5 0 0 0 0 0 0 0.9 4.7 20.1

Average relative humidity (%) 63.9 63.0 60.4 58.0 63.0 67.3 68.0 70.6 72.9 69.2 68.3 68.0 66.0

Mean monthly sunshine hours 169.8 176.1 213.9 228.2 258.6 273.4 293.1 269.6 223.6 199.4 139.4 139.5 2,584.6

Percent possible sunshine 58 59 58 57 57 60 64 63 60 58 47 49 58

Source: NOAA (relative humidity and sun 1961–1990)[54][57][58]

Demographics[edit] See also: List of Connecticut
Connecticut
locations by per capita income

Historical population

Census Pop.

1790 2,683

1800 3,523

31.3%

1810 3,955

12.3%

1820 4,726

19.5%

1830 7,074

49.7%

1840 9,468

33.8%

1850 17,966

89.8%

1860 29,152

62.3%

1870 37,180

27.5%

1880 42,015

13.0%

1890 53,230

26.7%

1900 79,850

50.0%

1910 98,915

23.9%

1920 138,036

39.6%

1930 164,072

18.9%

1940 166,267

1.3%

1950 177,397

6.7%

1960 162,178

−8.6%

1970 158,017

−2.6%

1980 136,392

−13.7%

1990 139,739

2.5%

2000 121,578

−13.0%

2010 124,775

2.6%

Est. 2016 123,243 [1] −1.2%

Population 1800–1990[59]

Map of racial distribution in Hartford, 2010 U.S. Census. Each dot is 25 people: White, Black, Asian, Hispanic or other (yellow)

As of the census[60] of 2010, there were 124,775 people, 44,986 households, and 27,171 families residing in the city. The population density was 7,025.5 people per square mile (2,711.8/km²). There were 50,644 housing units at an average density of 2,926.5 per square mile (1,129.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 29.8% white, 38.7% African American
African American
or black, 0.6% Native American, 2.8% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander, 23.9% from other races, and 4.2% from two or more races. 43.4% of the population were Hispanic or Latino, chiefly of Puerto Rican origin.[61] Whites not of Latino background were 15.8% of the population in 2010,[62] down from 63.9% in 1970.[63] There were 44,986 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 25.2% were married couples living together, 29.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.6% were non-families. 33.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 3.33.[62] In the city, the population distribution skews young: 30.1% under the age of 18, 12.6% from 18 to 24, 29.8% from 25 to 44, 18.0% from 45 to 64, and 9.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.0 males.[62] The median income for a household in the city was $20,820, and the median income for a family was $22,051. Males had a median income of $28,444 versus $26,131 for females. The per capita income for the city was $13,428.[62] As of 2010, 33.7% of Hartford residents claimed Puerto Rican heritage.[62] This was the second-largest concentration of Puerto Ricans in the Northeast, behind only Holyoke, Massachusetts, approximately 30 miles (48 km) to the north along the Connecticut River.[64][65] Government[edit] Hartford is governed via the strong-mayor form of the mayor-council system. The current mayor is Luke Bronin. In 2015, Bronin succeeded former mayor Pedro Segarra, who was sworn in as mayor on June 25, 2010, was Hartford's second mayor of Puerto Rican ancestry, and the first openly gay mayor of the city.[66][67] More than fifty years after establishing the council-manager form, Hartford voted in favor of restoring a mayor-council system in 2003, restoring municipal authority in an elected mayor in 2003. Mayor Eddie Perez, first elected in 2001, was re-elected with 76% of the vote in 2003. As the first strong mayor elected under the revised charter, he is widely credited with reducing crime, reforming the school system and sparking economic revitalization in the city. However, his reputation was hurt by accusations of corruption.[68] In Connecticut
Connecticut
there is no county-level executive or legislative government; the counties determine probate, civil and criminal court boundaries, but little else. Connecticut
Connecticut
municipalities (like those of neighboring states Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and Rhode Island) provide nearly all local services (such as fire and rescue, education, and snow removal), as county government has been abolished since 1960.[69]

Voter registration and party enrollment as of October 27, 2015[70]

Party Active voters Inactive voters Total voters Percentage

Democratic 36,034 5,226 41,260 71.53%

Republican 1,723 321 2,044 3.54%

Unaffiliated 11,771 2,241 14,012 24.29%

Minor parties 336 31 367 0.64%

Total 49,864 7,819 57,683 100%

City council[edit]

Members of the Hartford Court of Common Council[71][72]

Name Position Political affiliation

Glendowlyn H. Thames President Democrat

Julio A. Concepción Majority leader Democrat

John Q. Gale Councilman Democrat

T.J Clarke Councilman Democrat

James B. Sanchez Councilman Democrat

Jo Winch Councilwoman Democrat

Wildaliz Bermudez Minority leader Working Families

Larry Deutsch Councilman Working Families

Cynthia Renee Jennings Councilwoman Working Families

Emergency services[edit]

Engine Co. 1 Fire Station

The Hartford Fire Department
Hartford Fire Department
provides fire protection and first responder emergency medical services to the city of Hartford, operating out of 12 fire stations located throughout the city. It is the fifth-largest fire department in Connecticut
Connecticut
and maintains a fire apparatus fleet.[73][74] The Hartford
The Hartford
Police Department was founded in 1860, though the history of law enforcement in Hartford begins in 1636.[75] It is located at 253 High Street and includes divisions such as animal control, bomb squad, and detective bureau. Hartford outsources ambulance services to private companies, including Aetna
Aetna
Ambulance in the South End and American Medical Response
American Medical Response
in the North End.[76] Neighborhoods[edit] Main article: Neighborhoods of Hartford, Connecticut

Pratt Street in Downtown Hartford

The central business district, as well as the State Capitol, Old State House and a number of museums and shops are located Downtown.[77] Parkville, home to Real Art Ways, is named for the confluence of the north and the south branches of the Park River.[78] Frog Hollow, in close proximity to Downtown, is home to Pope Park and Trinity College, which is one of the nation's oldest institutions of higher learning.[79] Asylum Hill, a mixed residential and commercial area, houses the headquarters of several insurance companies as well as the historic homes of Mark Twain
Mark Twain
and Harriet Beecher Stowe.[80] The West End, home to the Governor's residence, Elizabeth Park, and the University of Connecticut
Connecticut
School of Law, abuts the Hartford Golf Club.[81] Sheldon Charter Oak
Charter Oak
is renowned as the location of the Charter Oak
Charter Oak
and its successor monument as well as the former Colt headquarters including Samuel Colt's family estate, Armsmear.[82] The North East neighborhood is home to Keney Park and a number of the city's oldest and ornate homes.[83] The South End features "Little Italy" and was the home of Hartford's sizeable Italian community.[84] South Green hosts Hartford Hospital.[85] The South Meadows is the site of Hartford–Brainard Airport
Hartford–Brainard Airport
and Hartford's industrial community.[86] The North Meadows has retail strips, car dealerships, and Comcast Theatre.[87] Blue Hills is home of the University of Hartford and also houses the largest per capita of residents claiming Jamaican-American heritage in the United States.[88] Other neighborhoods in Hartford include Barry Square, Behind the Rocks, Clay Arsenal, South West, and Upper Albany, which is dotted by many Caribbean restaurants and specialty stores.[89] In 2010, Hartford ranked 19th in the United States' annual national crime rankings (below the 200.00 rating).[90] It had the second highest crime rate in Connecticut, behind New Haven. Statistically Hartford's northern districts (North East, Asylum Hill, Upper Albany) had the highest murder rate, while the southern districts (Downtown, Sheldon, South Green) had a slightly lower murder rate, but had the most crime overall. Overall, the South Meadows neighborhood had the lowest crime rate, respectively.[91] Economy[edit]

Travelers Tower
Travelers Tower
in Downtown Hartford

Hartford is the historic international center of the insurance industry, with companies such as Aetna, Conning & Company, The Hartford, Harvard Pilgrim Health Care, The Phoenix Companies, and Hartford Steam Boiler based in the city, and companies such as Travelers and Lincoln National Corporation
Lincoln National Corporation
having major operations in the city. The city is also home to the corporate headquarters of U.S. Fire Arms, United Technologies
United Technologies
and Virtus Investment Partners.[92] Aetna
Aetna
and the Hartford Financial Services Group, both Fortune 100 companies, are headquartered in Hartford. Travelers Insurance
Insurance
has its largest national employment center and historical headquarters in the city. CIGNA
CIGNA
insurance is headquartered in the region with a presence in Hartford and its suburb Bloomfield. United Health Insurance
Insurance
has a significant presence in the city.[93] At the same time, many companies have moved to or expanded in the central business district and surrounding neighborhoods. Aetna announced mid-decade that by 2010 it would move nearly 3,500 employees from its Middletown, Connecticut
Connecticut
offices to its corporate headquarters in the Asylum Hill section of the city.[94] Travelers recently expanded its operations at several downtown locations.[95] In 2008, Sovereign Bank
Sovereign Bank
consolidated two bank branches as well as its regional headquarters in a nineteenth-century palazzo on Asylum Street.[96] In 2009, Northeast Utilities, a Fortune 500 company and New England's largest energy utility, announced it would establish its corporate headquarters downtown.[97] Other recent entrants into the downtown market include GlobeOp Financial Services and specialty insurance broker S.H. Smith. CareCentrix, a patient home healthcare management company, is moving into downtown from East Hartford, where it will add over 200 jobs within the next few years. In March 2018, Infosys
Infosys
announced that opening of a new technology innovation hub in Hartford, creating up to 1,000 jobs by 2022. The Hartford technology innovation hub will focus on three key sectors- insurance, healthcare and manufacturing.[98] Hartford is a center for medical care, research, and education. Within Hartford itself the city includes Hartford Hospital, The Institute of Living, Connecticut
Connecticut
Children's Medical Center, and Saint Francis Hospital & Medical Center (which merged in 1990 with Mount Sinai Hospital).[99] After rising during the Great Recession
Great Recession
to over 9% during 2010, unemployment in Connecticut
Connecticut
had fallen by December 2014 to 6.4%, .6 above the national average of 5.8%.[100] Media[edit]

The Hartford Courant
The Hartford Courant
Co. building

See also: List of newspapers in Hartford in the 18th century The daily Hartford Courant
Hartford Courant
newspaper is the country's oldest continuously published newspaper, founded in 1764. A weekly newspaper, owned by the same company that owns the Courant, the Hartford Advocate, also serves Hartford and the surrounding area, as do the Hartford Business Journal ("Greater Hartford's Business Weekly") and the weekly Hartford News.[101] The Hartford
The Hartford
region is also served by several magazines. Among the local publications are: Hartford Magazine,[102] a monthly lifestyle magazine serving Greater Hartford; CT Cottages & Gardens;[103] Connecticut
Connecticut
Business,[104] a glossy monthly serving all of Connecticut; and Home Living CT,[105] a home and garden magazine published five times a year and distributed statewide. Several television and radio stations are based in Hartford, including Connecticut
Connecticut
Public Television, which is headquartered in Hartford. In addition to Connecticut
Connecticut
Public Television, Hartford's major television stations include WFSB
WFSB
3 (CBS), WTNH
WTNH
8 (ABC), WVIT
WVIT
30 ( NBC
NBC
O&O), WTIC-TV
WTIC-TV
61 (Fox), WCCT-TV
WCCT-TV
20 (The CW), and WCTX
WCTX
59 (MyNetworkTV). These stations serve the Hartford/ New Haven
New Haven
market, which is the 29th largest media market in the U.S.[106] Education[edit] Colleges and universities[edit]

Trinity College Chapel

Hartford houses several world-class institutions such as Trinity College.[107] Other notable institutions include Capital Community College (located Downtown in the old G. Fox Department Store building on Main Street), the University of Connecticut's Hartford campus (downtown in the old Hartford Times Building
Hartford Times Building
on Prospect Street), the University of Connecticut
Connecticut
School of Business (also Downtown), the Hartford Seminary
Hartford Seminary
(in the West End), the University of Connecticut School of Law (also in the West End) and Rensselaer at Hartford
Rensselaer at Hartford
(a Downtown branch campus of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute). University of Saint Joseph opened its school of pharmacy in the downtown area in 2011.[108] The University of Hartford
University of Hartford
features several cultural institutions: the Joseloff Gallery, the Renee Samuels Center, and the Mort and Irma Handel Performing Arts center. The "U of H" campus is co-located in the city's Blue Hills neighborhood and in neighboring towns West Hartford and Bloomfield.[109] Primary and secondary education[edit] Hartford is served by the Hartford Public Schools.[110] Hartford Public High School, the nation's second-oldest high school, is located in the Asylum Hill neighborhood of Hartford.[111] The city is also home to Bulkeley High School on Wethersfield Avenue, Global Communications Academy on Greenfield Avenue, Weaver High School on Granby Street, and Sport Medical and Sciences Academy on Huyshope Avenue. In addition, Hartford contains The Learning Corridor, which is home to the Montessori Magnet School, Hartford Magnet Middle School, Greater Harford Academy of Math and Science, and the Greater Hartford Academy of the Arts. One of the technical high schools in the Connecticut
Connecticut
Technical High School System, A.I. Prince Technical High School, also calls the city home. The Classical Magnet School is one of the many Hartford magnet schools. Hartford is also home to Watkinson School, a private coeducational day school, and Grace S. Webb School, a special education school. Catholic schools are administered by the Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Hartford. The city's high school graduation rate reached 71 percent in 2013, according to the state Department of Education.[112] Transportation[edit] Highways[edit]

Bulkeley Bridge
Bulkeley Bridge
over the Connecticut
Connecticut
River

I-84 which runs from Scranton, to its intersection with I-90 in Sturbridge, just over the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
border, and I-91, which runs from New Haven
New Haven
along the Connecticut
Connecticut
River ultimately to Canada, intersect in downtown Hartford.[113] In addition to I-84 and I-91, two other highways service the city: Route 2, an expressway that runs from downtown Hartford to Westerly, passing through Norwich and past Foxwoods Resort Casino.[114] The Wilbur Cross Highway
Wilbur Cross Highway
portion of Route 15 that skirts the southeastern part of the city near Brainard Airport.[115] A short connector known as the Conlin–Whitehead Highway also provides direct access from I-91 to the Capitol Area of downtown Hartford.[116] The Main St. Bridge is a historic bridge on the highway.[117] Hartford experiences heavy traffic as a result of its substantial suburban population (nearly 10 times that of the actual city). As a result, thousands of people travel on area highways at the start and end of each workday. I-84 experiences traffic from Farmington through Hartford and into East Hartford and Manchester during the rush hour.[118][119]

Charter Oak
Charter Oak
Bridge over the Connecticut
Connecticut
River

Several major surface arteries also run through the city. Albany Avenue (Route 44) runs westward through the northern part of West Hartford to the Farmington Valley and the hills of northern Litchfield County and into New York, and eastward towards Putnam and into Rhode Island.[120] Blue Hills Avenue (Route 187) runs north from Albany Avenue toward Bloomfield and East Granby.[121] Main Street (Route 159) heads north through Windsor towards the western suburbs of Springfield, Massachusetts.[122] Wethersfield Avenue (Route 99) heads south through Wethersfield towards Middletown.[123] Maple Avenue heads south-southwest, becoming the Berlin Turnpike
Berlin Turnpike
in Wethersfield and Newington. Farmington Avenue heads west through West Hartford Center and Farmington towards Torrington.[124] See also: I-84 Hartford A large-scale project is being built, rebuilding I-84.[125] Rail[edit] See also: Union Station (Hartford)
Union Station (Hartford)
and Hartford Line

Hartford's Union Station

Amtrak
Amtrak
provides service from Hartford to Vermont
Vermont
via Springfield and southward to New Haven, with connections to New York, Boston, Providence, Rhode Island, and Washington DC. The station also serves numerous bus companies because of Hartford's mid-way location on the New York to Boston
Boston
route.[126] As of late 2016, there are plans to create a commuter rail service called the Hartford Line, connecting New Haven
New Haven
to Springfield via Hartford and stopping at stations in communities along Interstate 91. It will use the rail line currently used by Amtrak, which was formerly part of the New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad
New York, New Haven and Hartford Railroad
system. The commuter rail line is anticipated to open in May 2018, and is currently under construction.[127] Airports[edit]

Bradley International Airport

Bradley International Airport
Bradley International Airport
(BDL), in Windsor Locks, Connecticut, is about halfway between Hartford and Springfield, Massachusetts. It features over 150 daily departures to over 30 destinations on nine airlines. Connecticut
Connecticut
Transit's 30-Bradley Flyer route provides semi-express bus service between Bradley International Airport
Bradley International Airport
and downtown Hartford for a low local bus fare (the one-way fare is $1.50). The Bradley Flyer provides direct service to the Connecticut Convention Center, Union Station, and other downtown Hartford points of interest. Other airports serving the Hartford area include:[128]

Hartford-Brainard Airport
Hartford-Brainard Airport
(HFD), located in Hartford off I-91 and close to Wethersfield, serves charter flights and local flights.[129] Westover Metropolitan Airport
Westover Metropolitan Airport
(CEF), located in Chicopee, Massachusetts, 27 miles (43 km) north of Hartford, serves commercial, local, charter, and military flights.[130] Tweed New Haven Regional Airport
Tweed New Haven Regional Airport
(HVN), located in New Haven, Connecticut, is served by American Eagle.[131]

Bus[edit] Connecticut
Connecticut
Transit (CTtransit) is owned by the Connecticut
Connecticut
Department of Transportation. The Hartford
The Hartford
Division of CTtransit operates local and commuter bus service within the city and the surrounding area. Hartford's Downtown Area Shuttle (DASH) bus route is a free downtown circulator. All city buses are equipped with bike racks.[132] In March 2015, CTfastrak, Connecticut's first bus rapid transit system, opened, providing a separated right-of-way between Hartford and New Britain. In addition, express bus services travel from downtown Hartford and Waterbury, servicing intermediate suburban communities like Southington and Cheshire, providing reliable public transportation between these communities for the first time. CTfastrak consists of 10 stations along the dedicated New Britain to Hartford busway, as well as a downtown loop serving Union Station and other downtown landmarks. Amenities include high-level station platforms, on-board wi-fi, ticket machines for pre-boarding fare collection, and real-time arrival information at stations.[133][134] Interstate bus service is provided by Peter Pan Bus, Greyhound Bus and Megabus. Chinatown bus lines
Chinatown bus lines
provide low-cost bus service between Hartford and their New York and Boston
Boston
hubs. In addition, there are buses for connections to smaller cities in the state. The main bus station is located on the ground floor of the transport center at Hartford Union Station at One Union Place, serving Peter Pan Bus and Greyhound Bus customers. All Megabus arrivals and departures are at the corner of Columbus Boulevard and Talcott Street on the opposite side of downtown.[135][136] Bicycle[edit] A bicycle route runs through the center of Hartford. This route is a small piece of the large eastern bicycle route – the East Coast Greenway (ECG). The 3,000-mile (4,800 km) ECG runs from Calais, Maine
Maine
to the Florida
Florida
Keys. The route is intended to be off-road, but some sections are currently on-road. The section through Hartford is right through the middle of Bushnell Park.[137][138][139] There are designated bicycle lanes on several roads including Capitol Avenue, Zion Street, Scarborough Lane, Whitney, and South Whitney.[140] A bike share program from LimeBike that allows riders to find a GPS-tracked bike, unlock it and pay $1 per half hour of ride time is coming to Hartford in April 2018.[141] Culture[edit] Points of interest[edit]

Aetna
Aetna
headquarters in the Asylum Hill neighborhood

Armsmear

Cathedral of Saint Joseph

Cheney Building

The house of Katherine Seymour Day (grandniece of Harriet Beecher Stowe). Adjacent to the Stowe house, it now forms part of the research center dedicated to the author and abolitionist.

Connecticut
Connecticut
Science Center, on the Riverfront

Wadsworth Atheneum
Wadsworth Atheneum
is located in Hartford.

Aetna
Aetna
headquarters – The world's largest colonial revival building, the Aetna
Aetna
headquarters on Farmington Avenue is crowned by a tall Georgian tower inspired by the Old State House downtown.[142] Ancient Burying Ground – The oldest historic site in Hartford. It was Hartford's first graveyard. Many of Hartford's first renowned residents and founders are buried there.[143] Armsmear
Armsmear
– The Colt family estate.[144] Bulkeley Bridge
Bulkeley Bridge
– Spanning the Connecticut
Connecticut
River and connecting the city of Hartford with East Hartford, the nine-span structure is a stone-arch bridge.[145] Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts
Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts
– Constructed in the 1930s by the same architects who designed New York City's Radio City Music Hall, the theater features a Georgian Revival exterior and an exquisite Art Deco interior, with a large hand-painted mural suspended from the ceiling that is the largest of its kind in the United States.[146] Bushnell Park
Bushnell Park
– Located below the State Capitol and legislative office complex, this park consists of rolling lawn, sculpture, fountains, and a historic carousel. It is the first park in the country purchased by a municipality for public use, and it was designed by Jacob Weidenmann. The Soldiers & Sailors Memorial Arch, a Civil War Memorial, which frames the northern entrance to the park, is the first triumphal arch in the United States.[147] Cathedral of St. Joseph – Located west of downtown along Farmington Avenue in the Asylum Hill neighborhood, this 281-foot (86 m) limestone Roman Catholic cathedral (built in 1961 to replace its predecessor lost to fire) has large Parisian stained glass windows, an 8,000 pipe organ, and the largest ceramic tile mural of Christ in Glory in the world.[148] Center Church – The First Church of Christ in Hartford, located at 60 Gold Street and also known as Center Church, has stood at the corner of Main and Gold Streets in downtown Hartford for more than two centuries and was founded by Thomas Hooker.[143] Cheney Building
Cheney Building
– Constructed in the late 19th-century, this notable building by famed architect H. H. Richardson
H. H. Richardson
is located Downtown on Main Street. It housed the Brown, Thomson & Co. department store.[149] City Place I- The tallest building in Hartford at 38 stories and the tallest building in Connecticut. It is located at 185 Asylum Street.[150] Colt Armory
Colt Armory
– Topped with a blue and gold dome, the complex was once the main factory building of Colt's Manufacturing Company. It is currently being redeveloped and renovated and will feature apartments, retail and office space.[151] Xfinity Theater (formerly the Meadows Music Theater) – Located in the North Meadows, it is an indoor/outdoor amphitheater-style performance venue.[152] Connecticut
Connecticut
Science Center – 154,000 square foot (14,000 m²), nine-story, $165 million museum. Designed by César Pelli, it opened on June 12, 2009.[153] Connecticut
Connecticut
State Library & Supreme Court – Located in the hill district near the State Capitol atop Bushnell Park, the building also contains the Museum of Connecticut
Connecticut
History and a number of galleries devoted to Samuel Colt
Samuel Colt
memorabilia.[154] Connecticut
Connecticut
Convention Center – The 540,000 square foot (42,000 m²) convention center is now open, and overlooks the Connecticut
Connecticut
River and the central business district. Attached to the center is a new 409 room, 22-story Marriott Hotel (opened late August 2005).[155] ConnectiCon, a pop culture convention celebrating anime, video games, Internet culture and science fiction, is hosted every summer at the convention center. Connecticut
Connecticut
Governor's Mansion – An imposing Georgian revival mansion situated near the highest point in the City of Hartford on upper Prospect Avenue. Four landscaped acres surround the residence continuing the garden setting of Elizabeth Park, just opposite Asylum Avenue.[156] Connecticut
Connecticut
Opera – Founded in 1942, is the six-oldest opera company in the United States, performing three fully staged operas per season, primarily at The Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts
Bushnell Center for the Performing Arts
in Hartford.[157] Connecticut
Connecticut
State Capitol – Located atop Bushnell Park, this large Gothic-inspired building features many statues and engravings on its exterior. It is topped with a gold leafed dome.[158] Constitution Plaza
Constitution Plaza
– Built in the early 1960s, Constitution Plaza
Constitution Plaza
is a renowned, and notorious, redevelopment project. To build the plaza, Hartford's historic Front Street neighborhood was razed. The complex is composed of numerous office buildings, underground parking, a restaurant, broadcasting studio, and outdoor courtyards and fountains. During the holiday season the area is filled with Christmas lights for the Festival of Light. The Plaza passes over I-91 and connects the city to the Connecticut
Connecticut
River by way of Riverfront Plaza.[159] Dunkin' Donuts Park
Dunkin' Donuts Park
– A baseball field that opened up on April 13, 2017 that currently hosts the Hartford Yard Goats.[160] Elizabeth Park & Rose Garden – Straddling the Hartford/West Hartford border, both sections of the park are administered by the City of Hartford.[161] Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe
House & Research Center – The former home of Harriet Beecher Stowe, located in Nook Farm, the Asylum Hill neighborhood on Farmington Avenue, has become a museum, along with its neighbor – the home of Mark Twain.[162] The Hartford
The Hartford
Financial Services Group headquarters campus on Asylum Hill occupies the former site of the American School for the Deaf, which has moved to a campus in West Hartford.[163] Hartford Public Library
Hartford Public Library
– The Library was founded in 1774 and has over 500,000 holdings, an extensive calendar of programs and free public access computers and Wifi.[164] Hartford Symphony Orchestra – Connecticut's regional orchestra.[165] The Hartt School
Hartt School
at the University of Hartford
University of Hartford
is recognized as one of the premiere performing arts conservatories in the United States.[166] The Mark Twain House
Mark Twain House
and Museum – The home was built by Samuel Clemens and his wife in 1874. They lived here 17 years, raising three daughters. This is where Mark Twain
Mark Twain
wrote many of his most popular books. The house is open year-round for tours, events, and author programs. It is located in Nook Farm,[162] part of the Asylum Hill neighborhood, on Farmington Avenue. National Geographic named it one of the ten best historic homes in the world.[167] Old State House – The Old State House, dating back to 1796, makes it one of the nation's oldest. It was designed by Charles Bulfinch, who later went on to design the Massachusetts
Massachusetts
State House in Boston. Recently restored with a gold-leafed dome rising from its top, the Old State House sits facing the Connecticut
Connecticut
River in Downtown. The Old State House was the site of the Amistad trial.[168] Phoenix Life Insurance
Insurance
Company Building – The first two-sided building in the world, it is located on Constitution Plaza
Constitution Plaza
and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[169] Pope Park – Public park originally landscaped by the Olmsted brothers.[170] Real Art Ways – An alternative art gallery and hosts contemporary art, music, and film productions.[171] Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch
Soldiers and Sailors Memorial Arch
– Located in Bushnell Park, the now buried Park River once flowed beneath it. Honoring the 4,000 Hartford citizens who served in the American Civil War, and the 400 who perished, the brownstone memorial is the first triumphal arch in the United States.[172] Trinity College – The liberal arts college was founded in 1823 and has more than 2,100 students. It is the second-oldest in Connecticut after Yale University
Yale University
in New Haven.[107] University of Connecticut
Connecticut
Hartford Campus - The downtown campus of the University of Connecticut, anchored on Prospect Street by the historic Beaux-Arts entrance of the former Hartford Times building.[173] University of Connecticut
Connecticut
School of Business – A branch of the University of Connecticut
Connecticut
Business school operates in downtown Hartford. The building is located on Market Street, north of Constitution Plaza.[174] University of Connecticut
Connecticut
School of Law – located off Farmington Avenue, the campus features an extensive Gothic-inspired library.[175] University of Hartford
University of Hartford
– The university, which was founded in 1877, sits on 340 acres (140 ha) with a 13-acre (5.3 ha) campus on Bloomfield Avenue situated on land divided between Hartford, West Hartford and Bloomfield. Located in the Blue Hills neighborhood, the campus is minutes from Downtown. There are more than 7,200 students and 86 undergraduate majors.[109] Wadsworth Atheneum
Wadsworth Atheneum
Museum of Art – The oldest art museum in the U.S. is located on Main Street in downtown Hartford opposite the Travelers Tower. The museum features a significant collection of Italian Baroque old masters and post-impressionist modern art. In the plaza located between it and Hartford Municipal Building, Alexander Calder's 'Stegosaurus' sculpture sits in an open-air plaza.[176] XL Center
XL Center
– Built in 1975, the center hosts concerts and shows. Formerly home to the NHL
NHL
Hartford Whalers, it is currently the home to the Hartford Wolf Pack
Hartford Wolf Pack
AHL hockey team and, part-time, to the UConn Huskies basketball team.[177]

Parades[edit]

Greater Hartford
Greater Hartford
St. Patrick's Day Parade – Downtown – March – Run by The Central Connecticut
Connecticut
Celtic Cultural Committee.[178] Greater Hartford
Greater Hartford
Puerto Rican Day Parade – Downtown, South Green, and Frog Hollow – June – Run by The Connecticut
Connecticut
Institute for Community Development.[179] Greater Hartford
Greater Hartford
West Indian Parade – Northeast – August – Run by The West Indian Independence Celebrations since 1962.[180] Hooker Day Parade – Downtown – May – Run by Hartford Business Improvement District.[181] Connecticut
Connecticut
Veterans Parade – Downtown – November – Run by The Ferris Group, LLC.[182]

Sports[edit]

Club League Venue Founded Titles

Hartford Yard Goats EL, Baseball Dunkin' Donuts Park 1983 2

Hartford Wolf Pack AHL, Ice hockey XL Center 1926 1

The Hartford
The Hartford
Wolf Pack of the American Hockey League
American Hockey League
plays ice hockey at the XL Center
XL Center
in downtown Hartford.[183] The XL Center
XL Center
also hosts larger-profile games for both the men's and women's basketball teams of the UConn Huskies. Other UConn home games are played at Gampel Pavilion located on the university's campus in Storrs. The Hartford
The Hartford
Yard Goats, the Double-A affiliate of the Colorado Rockies, moved to Hartford in 2017, moving from New Britain. The team currently play at Dunkin' Donuts Park. The move was made in an effort to keep the team from leaving the state for nearby Springfield, Massachusetts.[184] Former teams[edit] Hartford became the home of the WHA's New England
New England
Whalers in 1975 after the club moved from Boston, one of four WHA teams that joined the NHL
NHL
in 1979. The city was home to the NHL's Hartford Whalers
Hartford Whalers
from 1979 to 1997, before the team relocated to Raleigh, North Carolina
Raleigh, North Carolina
and became the Carolina Hurricanes.[185] The Boston
Boston
Celtics played various home games per year in Hartford from 1975 until 1995, when they opened the new TD Garden.[186] Hartford was also home to the Hartford Hellions of the Major Indoor Soccer League (MISL).[187] Hartford also used to have a National League
National League
baseball team, the Hartford Dark Blues, back in the 1870s, and had an NFL
NFL
team, the Hartford Blues, for three seasons in the 1920s.[188] Hartford briefly had a team in the UFL called the Hartford Colonials, but games were played in neighboring East Hartford's Rentschler Field.[189] Recent developments[edit]

CTfastrak
CTfastrak
was built to connect the suburbs to Hartford.

Adriaen's Landing – The state and privately funded project is situated on the banks of the Connecticut
Connecticut
River along Columbus Boulevard, and connects to Constitution Plaza. Constitution Plaza forced hundreds of households to relocate when it was built a few decades ago. The latest project includes the 540,000-square-foot (50,000 m2) Connecticut
Connecticut
Convention Center, which opened in June 2005 and is the largest meeting space between New York City
New York City
and Boston. Attached to the Convention Center is the 22-story, 409 room Marriott Hartford Hotel-Downtown, which opened in August 2005. Being constructed next to the convention center and hotel is the 140,000-square-foot (13,000 m2) Connecticut
Connecticut
Science Center.[190] Capital Community College
Capital Community College
at the 11-story G. Fox Department Store Building – The 913,000-square-foot (84,800 m2) former home of the G. Fox & Company Department Store on Main Street has been renovated and made the new home of Capital Community College
Capital Community College
as well as offices for the State of Connecticut
Connecticut
and ground level retail space. Capital Community College
Capital Community College
helps train (mostly) adult students in specific career fields. On Thursdays, vendors sell crafts on the Main Street level. Two music clubs, Mezzanine and Room 960, are housed in the building.[191] CTfastrak
CTfastrak
– The recently completed bus rapid transit system connects Hartford's Union Station to downtown New Britain. It was built to ease traffic on I-84.[192] Front Street – The final component of Adriaen's Landing, Front Street, sits across from the Convention Center and covers the land between Columbus Boulevard and The Hartford
The Hartford
Times Building. The Front Street development combines retail, entertainment and residential components. Publicly funded parts of the project will include transportation improvements. There have been significant delays in the Front Street project, and the first developer was removed from the project because of lack of progress. The city has chosen a new developer, but work is yet to begin on the retail and residential component of Front Street. The city and state may soon take action to increase the speed with which the project enters implementation phases. There has been talk of bringing an ESPN Zone
ESPN Zone
to the Front Street ( ESPN
ESPN
is headquartered in nearby Bristol).[193] On the back side of Front Street, the historic Beaux-Arts Hartford Times Building is being converted into a downtown campus of the University of Connecticut.[194] Hartford Line
Hartford Line
– According to Connecticut
Connecticut
Governor Malloy, the Hartford Line
Hartford Line
commuter rail service will reach speeds up to 110 mph (177 km/h).[195] The rail line is intended to unite the densely populated, 61 mile (91 km) region between Hartford, Springfield, and New Haven; ease the frequently congested Interstate 91 automobile highway; and increase mobility in a region that is now almost entirely dependent upon automobile ownership. As of May 2011, Connecticut's portion of the commuter line has been 3/4 funded. Currently, the state is seeking the $227 million necessary to complete the northern portion of the line from the $2.4 billion in Federal funds that Florida
Florida
rejected to fund its own high-speed rail project.[195] Knowledge Corridor
Knowledge Corridor
Partnership – In 2000, at The Big E
The Big E
in West Springfield, Massachusetts, Hartford and Springfield, Massachusetts – the two major New England, Connecticut
Connecticut
River Valley cities with centers only 24 miles (37 km) apart – jointly announced the Knowledge Corridor
Knowledge Corridor
Partnership. The Knowledge Corridor
Knowledge Corridor
Partnership aims to unite the two metropolitan areas economically, culturally, and geographically. The nickname comes from the metropolitan region's over 32 universities and liberal arts colleges, including several of the United States' most prestigious. As of the 10th anniversary of the Knowledge Corridor, it was announced that the Knowledge Corridor
Knowledge Corridor
is beginning to receive federal funds, as opposed to either state or city.[196] New condos and apartments:

Spectra Boutique Apartments – The former 300 room Sonesta Hotel at 5 Constitution Plaza
Constitution Plaza
was converted into 190 luxury rental apartments in 2015 by New York City
New York City
Developers Girona Ventures and Wonder Works Construction & Development Corp. The building was awarded the Best of Hartford: 2017 for Best Upscale Apartment Building.[197] Hartford 21 – On the site of the former Hartford Civic Center Mall (now known as the XL Center), the project includes a 36-story residential tower—the tallest residential tower between New York City and Boston, and is located at the intersection of Trumbull Street and Asylum Street. Attached to the tower is 90,000 square feet (8,000 m²) of office space and 45,000 square feet (4,200 m²) of retail space, all contained within a connected complex.[198] Trumbull on the Park – Recently opened along Bushnell Park, this apartment community is housed in a new 11-story brick building along with a parking garage and ground-level retail space. Additional units are housed in recently renovated historic buildings on nearby Lewis Street.[199] Sage Allen Building – On Main Street, the former Sage Allen department store building has been turned into 44 4-bedroom townhouses as well as an upscale apartment building comprising about 70 units that opened in January 2007. The project also includes the renovation of the Richardson Food Court and the reopening of Temple Street, which once again reconnects Main and Market Streets. Many of the townhouses will be occupied by University of Hartford
University of Hartford
students. It sits directly across Market Street from the University of Connecticut
Connecticut
Graduate Business Learning Center.[200] American Airlines Building – Located at 915 Main Street across from Capital Community College
Capital Community College
and the Residence Inn by Marriott, the site was formerly home to an E. J. Korvette
E. J. Korvette
department store and later American Airlines. The building has been converted into apartments with renovated ground-level retail space.[201]

Notable people[edit]

Mark Twain
Mark Twain
lived in Hartford.

Main article: List of people from Hartford, Connecticut Hartford has been home to many historically significant people, such as dictionary author Noah Webster
Noah Webster
(1758–1843), inventor Sam Colt (1814–62), and American financier and industrialist J.P. Morgan (1837–1913).[202][203][204] Some of America's most famous authors lived in Hartford, including Mark Twain
Mark Twain
(1835–1910), who moved to the city in 1874. Twain's next-door neighbor at Nook Farm was Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe
(1811–96). Poet Wallace Stevens
Wallace Stevens
(1879–1955) was an insurance executive in the city, and World War II
World War II
correspondent Lyn Crost (1915–97) lived there.[205][206][207][208] More recently, Dominick Dunne (1925–2009), John Gregory Dunne (1932–2003), and Suzanne Collins (born 1962) have resided in Hartford.[209][210][211] Actors and others in the entertainment business from Hartford include Academy Award–winning film icon Katharine Hepburn, actors Gary Merrill, Linda Evans, Eriq La Salle, Diane Venora, William Gillette, and Charles Nelson Reilly, and TV producer and writer Norman Lear. Marvel Comics
Marvel Comics
artist George Tuska
George Tuska
grew up in Hartford.[212] Barbara McClintock
Barbara McClintock
(1902-1992), pioneering cytogeneticist was born in Hartford, CT. She was awarded the 1983 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine for the breakthrough discovery of genetic transposition. She is the only woman to receive an unshared Nobel Prize in the Medicine category. Frederick Law Olmsted
Frederick Law Olmsted
(1822 - 1903), considered the father of the profession of Landscape Architecture, was born in Hartford. Among his designs are New York's Central Park, 1893 Chicago World's Fair, and Asheville's Biltmore Estate. Other projects that Olmsted was involved in include the country's first and oldest coordinated system of public parks and parkways in Buffalo, New York; the country's oldest state park, the Niagara Reservation in Niagara Falls, New York; one of the first planned communities in the United States, Riverside, Illinois; Mount Royal Park in Montreal, Quebec; the Emerald Necklace in Boston, Massachusetts; Highland Park in Rochester, New York; Belle Isle Park, in the Detroit River for Detroit, Michigan; the Grand Necklace of Parks in Milwaukee, Wisconsin; Cherokee Park and entire parks and parkway system in Louisville, Kentucky. In the field of music, natives include singer Sophie Tucker (1884–1966), "last of the red-hot mamas." Others include:

Rock and Roll Hall of Fame members Gene Pitney
Gene Pitney
and Mike Carabello (of Santana) Mark McGrath bass guitarist Doug Wimbish
Doug Wimbish
of Living Colour Cindy Blackman
Cindy Blackman
(drummer for Lenny Kravitz) jazz alto saxophonist Jackie McLean[213] concert violinist Elmar Oliveira (b. 1950) brothers Jeff Porcaro, Mike Porcaro, and Steve Porcaro
Steve Porcaro
(of the group Toto)

Former Cleveland Browns
Cleveland Browns
head coach Eric Mangini
Eric Mangini
is from Hartford. Former NHL
NHL
player Craig Janney and current player Nick Bonino
Nick Bonino
were born in Hartford. Other sports stars include NBA players Marcus Camby, Rick Mahorn, Johnny Egan, and Michael Adams, as well as NFL
NFL
kicker John Carney, Dwight Freeney, Tebucky Jones, and Eugene Robinson.[214] Sister cities[edit] Hartford features numerous sister cities.[215] They include:

Afula, Israel Bydgoszcz, Poland Caguas, Puerto Rico Dongguan, Guangdong, China Floridia, Italy Freetown, Sierra Leone Hertford, Hertfordshire, United Kingdom João Pessoa, Brazil Mangualde, Portugal Morant Bay, Jamaica New Ross, Ireland Ocotal, Nicaragua Thessaloniki, Greece

See also[edit]

Connecticut
Connecticut
portal

Hartford Electric Light Company Mary-Ann (turbine generator) List of cities in Connecticut

Notes[edit]

^ Mean monthly maxima and minima (i.e. the expected highest and lowest temperature readings at any point during the year or given month) calculated based on data at said location from 1981 to 2010. ^ Official records for Hartford kept at downtown from January 1905 to December 1948, Brainard Airport
Brainard Airport
from January 1949 to December 1954, and at Bradley Int'l in Windsor Locks since January 1955.[56]

References[edit]

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CTfastrak
on First Day of Service". 2015-09-11. Archived from the original on 2015-09-11. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "The New Pulse of Hartford Home". Front Street District. Archived from the original on 2012-03-26. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ Gosselin, Kenneth (November 21, 2014). "Authority Gets Look at Latest UConn Hartford Campus Renderings". The Hartford
The Hartford
Courant.  ^ a b "Conn. seeks funds for rail work on Hartford-to-Springfield line (document)". The New Haven
New Haven
Register. 2011-04-07. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ The Republican file photo. "Hartford Springfield Economic Partnership gets $4.2 million to boost Knowledge Corridor". masslive.com. Retrieved 2012-06-09.  ^ Courant, Hartford. "Best Upscale Apartment Complex". courant.com. Retrieved 2017-07-08.  ^ "Hartford 21 Apartment Living - Look no further for your Hartford apartment rental". Hartford 21. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "Luxury Hartford CT Apartments Trumbull On The Park". www.trumbullapts.com. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "Sage-allen Building May Be History". tribunedigital-thecourant. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "New Apartments Available In Downtown Hartford
Downtown Hartford
Developer of American Airlines building looking for tenants". Hartford Business Journal. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ " Noah Webster
Noah Webster
and the Dream of a Common Language ConnecticutHistory.org". connecticuthistory.org. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ HAAR, DAN. "Part 3: An Industrial Ecosystem Emerges Around Sam Colt's Guns". courant.com. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "J. P. Morgan's Connecticut
Connecticut
Roots ConnecticutHistory.org". connecticuthistory.org. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "Welcome to the Mark Twain House
Mark Twain House
& Museum - Biography of Mark Twain". www.marktwainhouse.org. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "Welcome to the Harriet Beecher Stowe
Harriet Beecher Stowe
Center". www.harrietbeecherstowecenter.org. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ Gordinier, Jeff (2012-02-23). "For the Poet Wallace Stevens, Hartford Was an Unlikely Muse". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "Writing the War: The Story of Lyn Crost B'38". Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ Times, Los Angeles. "DOMINICK DUNNE (1925–2009)". courant.com. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ Dunne, Dominick. "A Death in the Family". The Hive. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ Courant, Hartford. "Suzanne Collins". courant.com. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "IMDb: Most Popular People Born In "Hartford/ Connecticut/ USA"". IMDb. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ Dixon, Ken, "Music Hall of Fame proposed for state", article in Connecticut
Connecticut
Post in Bridgeport, Connecticut, April 26, 2007 ("Other famous state residents include the late jazz saxophonist Jackie McLean of Hartford") ^ Staff, Hartford Courant. "Local Olympians: Athletes, Coaches With Ties To Connecticut". courant.com. Retrieved 2017-05-21.  ^ "Hartford". DB City.com. Retrieved 2017-02-20. 

External links[edit]

Find more aboutHartford, Connecticutat's sister projects

Definitions from Wiktionary Media from Wikimedia Commons Travel guide from Wikivoyage Data from Wikidata

Official website Chamber of Commerce Texts on Wikisource:

"Hartford". Collier's New Encyclopedia. 1921.  Morgan, Forrest (1920). "Hartford, Conn.". Encyclopedia Americana.  "Hartford". The New Student's Reference Work. 1914.  Duggan, Thomas Stephen (1913). "Diocese of Hartford". Catholic Encyclopedia.  "Hartford". Encyclopædia Britannica
Encyclopædia Britannica
(11th ed.). 1911.  "Hartford". New International Encyclopedia. 1905.  "Hartford". Encyclopædia Britannica. 11 (9th ed.). 1880.  Hawes, J. W. (1879). "Hartford, a city in the town of the same name". The American Cyclopædia. 

Places adjacent to Hartford, Connecticut

Bloomfield, Connecticut Windsor, Connecticut South Windsor, Connecticut

West Hartford, Connecticut

Hartford, Connecticut

East Hartford, Connecticut

Newington, Connecticut Wethersfield, Connecticut Glastonbury, Connecticut

Articles relating to Hartford

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Municipalities and communities of Hartford County, Connecticut, United States

Cities

Bristol Hartford New Britain

Towns

Avon Berlin Bloomfield Burlington Canton East Granby East Hartford East Windsor Enfield Farmington Glastonbury Granby Hartland Manchester Marlborough Newington Plainville Rocky Hill Simsbury South Windsor Southington Suffield West Hartford Wethersfield Windsor Locks Windsor

CDPs

Blue Hills Broad Brook Canton Valley Collinsville Glastonbury Center Hazardville Kensington North Granby Salmon Brook Sherwood Manor Simsbury Center Southwood Acres Suffield Depot Tariffville Terramuggus Thompsonville Weatogue West Simsbury

Other communities

Burnside Canton Center East Windsor Hill Hockanum Marion Milldale Newington Junction Plantsville South Glastonbury West Granby

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Greater Hartford

Counties

Hartford Middlesex Tolland New London

Cities 100k-250k

Hartford

Cities and towns 50k-100k

Bristol East Hartford Manchester New Britain West Hartford

Cities and towns 10k-50k

Avon Berlin Bloomfield Canton Clinton Colchester Coventry Cromwell East Hampton East Lyme East Windsor Ellington Enfield Farmington Glastonbury Granby Griswold Groton Ledyard Mansfield Middletown Montville New London Newington Norwich Old Saybrook Plainville Rocky Hill Simsbury Somers South Windsor Southington Stafford Stonington Suffield Tolland Vernon Waterford Wethersfield Windsor Windsor Locks

Towns ≤10k

Andover Bolton Bozrah Burlington Chester Columbia Deep River Durham East Granby East Haddam Essex Franklin Haddam Hartland Hebron Killingworth Lebanon Lisbon Lyme Marlborough Middlefield North Stonington Old Lyme Portland Preston Salem Union Voluntown Westbrook Willington

Related articles

Hartford-Springfield
Hartford-Springfield
metropolitan area

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 State of Connecticut

Hartford (capital)

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Regions

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Connecticut
River Valley Central Naugatuck Valley Naugatuck River Valley Quiet Corner Southeastern Connecticut

Counties

Fairfield Hartford Litchfield Middlesex New Haven New London Tolland Windham

Cities

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All Towns

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Places

Boroughs Villages Historic Places Geography

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Connecticut
Connecticut
River watershed

Tributaries

Ammonoosuc River Ashuelot River Black River Black Hall River Blow-me-down Brook Burnshirt River Chapel Brook Chicopee River Cold River Cranberry River Deerfield River East Brookfield River Eightmile River Fall River Farmington River Five Mile River Green River Halls Stream Hockanum River Hubbard River Indian Stream Israel
Israel
River Johns River Little Sugar River Manhan River Mascoma River Mattabesset River Mill River (Northampton) Mill River (Springfield) Millers River Mink Brook Mirey Brook Mohawk River North Branch Millers River North Branch Westfield River North River Nulhegan River Oliverian Brook Ompompanoosuc River Ottauquechee River Otter River Park River Partridge Brook Passumpsic River Perry Stream Quaboag River Salmon River Saxtons River Scantic River Seven Mile River Simms Stream Sugar River Tarbell Brook Upper Ammonoosuc River Waits River Ware River Wells River West River Westfield River Whetstone Brook White River Williams River

Lakes

Ashuelot Pond Back Lake Ball Mountain Lake Barkhamsted Reservoir Lake Beseck Brooks Pond Canaan Street Lake Cedar Pond Christine Lake Comerford Reservoir Connecticut
Connecticut
Lakes Crystal Lake Dublin Pond Eastman Pond Echo Lake Lake Francis (Murphy Dam) Goose Pond Grafton Pond Granite Lake Harriman Reservoir Harvey Lake Lake Hayward Lakes of the Clouds Little Sunapee Lake Mascoma Lake McIndoes Reservoir Lake Monomonac Moore Reservoir North Hartland Lake Pearly Lake Pocotopaug Lake Quabbin Reservoir Lake Rescue Silver Lake Spofford Lake Lake Sunapee Surry Mountain Lake Lake Tarleton Townshend Lake Lake Wyola

Major cities (>100k)

Hartford, Connecticut Springfield, Massachusetts

Smaller cities and towns (<100k)

Agawam Ascutney Barnet Bath Beecher Falls Bellows Falls Bloomfield Bradford Brattleboro Brunswick Canaan Charlestown Chester Chesterfield Chicopee Claremont Clarksville Colebrook Columbia Concord Cornish Cromwell Dalton Deep River Deerfield Dummerston East Haddam East Hampton East Hartford East Hereford East Windsor Easthampton Enfield Essex Fairlee Gill Gilman Glastonbury Greenfield Groveton Guildhall Haddam Hadley Hanover Hartford VT Hartland Hatfield Haverhill Higganum Hinsdale Holyoke Lancaster Lebanon Lemington Littleton Longmeadow Lunenburg Lyme CT Lyme NH Maidstone Middletown Millers Falls Monroe Montague Moodus Newbury Northampton Northfield Northumberland Norwich Old Lyme Old Saybrook Orford Piermont Pittsburg Plainfield Portland Putney Rockingham Rocky Hill Ryegate South Hadley South Windsor Springfield VT Stewartstown Stratford Suffield Sunderland Thetford Thompsonville Turners Falls Vernon Walpole Waterford Weathersfield Wells River West Lebanon West Springfield Westminster Westmoreland Wethersfield Whately White River Junction Wilder Windsor CT Windsor VT Windsor Locks Woodsville

Crossings

Amtrak
Amtrak
Old Saybrook – Old Lyme Bridge Arch Bridge Bulkeley Bridge Calvin Coolidge Bridge Canalside Rail Trail Bridge Cheshire Bridge Columbia Bridge Cornish–Windsor Covered Bridge Dexter Coffin Bridge French King Bridge Gill–Montague Bridge Janice Peaslee Bridge Ledyard Bridge Morey Memorial Bridge Mount Orne Covered Bridge Norwottuck Rail Trail Bridge Piermont Bridge Pittsburg–Clarksville Covered Bridge Ranger Bridge Raymond E. Baldwin Bridge Sunderland Bridge Wells River Bridge

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New England

Topics

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New England
New England
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New England
Confederation

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States

Connecticut Maine Massachusetts New Hampshire Rhode Island Vermont

Major cities

Augusta Boston Bridgeport Burlington Cambridge Concord Hartford Lowell Manchester Montpelier New Bedford New Haven New London New Britain Portland Providence Quincy Springfield Stamford Waterbury Worcester

State capitals

Augusta Boston Concord Hartford Montpelier Providence

Transportation

Passenger rail

MBTA (MA, RI) Northeast Corridor
Northeast Corridor
(CT, MA, RI) Acela Express
Acela Express
(CT, MA, RI) Downeaster (ME, NH, MA) Vermonter (CT, MA, NH, VT) Shore Line East
Shore Line East
(CT) Metro-North (CT) Hartford Line
Hartford Line
(CT, MA; under construction) High-speed Northern New England
New England
(proposed)

Major Interstates

I-84 (CT, MA) I-89 (NH, VT) I-90 (Mass Pike) (MA) I-91 (CT, MA, VT) I-93 (MA, NH, VT) I-95 (CT, RI, MA, NH, ME) defunct: New England
New England
road marking system

Airports

Bradley (CT) Burlington (VT) T. F. Green (RI) Manchester– Boston
Boston
(NH) Logan (MA) Portland (ME)

Category Portal Commons

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Mayors of cities with populations exceeding 100,000 in Connecticut

Joseph Ganim (D) (Bridgeport) Toni Harp
Toni Harp
(D) (New Haven) David Martin (D) (Stamford) Luke Bronin
Luke Bronin
(D) (Hartford) Neil O'Leary (D) (Waterbury)

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Capitals of the United States
United States
by jurisdiction

Nation:

US Washington

States:

AL Montgomery AK Juneau AZ Phoenix AR Little Rock CA Sacramento CO Denver CT Hartford DE Dover FL Tallahassee GA Atlanta HI Honolulu ID Boise IL Springfield IN Indianapolis IA Des Moines KS Topeka KY Frankfort LA Baton Rouge ME Augusta MD Annapolis MA Boston MI Lansing MN Saint Paul MS Jackson MO Jefferson City MT Helena NE Lincoln NV Carson City NH Concord NJ Trenton NM Santa Fe NY Albany NC Raleigh ND Bismarck OH Columbus OK Oklahoma
Oklahoma
City OR Salem PA Harrisburg RI Providence SC Columbia SD Pierre TN Nashville TX Austin UT Salt Lake City VT Montpelier VA Richmond WA Olympia WV Charleston WI Madison WY Cheyenne

Territories:

AS Pago Pago GU Hagåtña MP Saipan PR San Juan VI Charlotte Amalie

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Northeast megalopolis

Major metropolitan areas (over 1,000,000)

New York

city

Philadelphia

city

Washington

city

Boston

city

Baltimore

city

Providence

city

Hartford

city

Other cities (over 100,000)

Newark Jersey City Yonkers Worcester Springfield Alexandria Paterson Bridgeport Elizabeth New Haven Stamford Allentown Manchester Waterbury Cambridge Lowell

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Northeastern United States

Topics

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States

Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Maryland Massachusetts New Hampshire New Jersey New York Maine Pennsylvania Rhode Island Vermont

Major cities

Allentown Baltimore Boston Bridgeport Buffalo Burlington Cambridge Elizabeth Erie Hartford Jersey City Lowell Manchester New Haven New York City Newark Paterson Philadelphia Pittsburgh Portland Providence Quincy Reading Rochester Scranton Springfield Stamford Syracuse Washington, D.C. Waterbury Wilmington Worcester

State capitals

Albany Annapolis Augusta Boston Concord Dover Hartford Harrisburg Montpelier Providence Trenton

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 242037457 LCCN: n80006269 GND: 4226021-8 BNF:

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