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The Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive is a 4.20-mile (6.76 km) long north–south parkway in the New York City
New York City
borough of Manhattan. It runs along the west bank of the Harlem River
Harlem River
from the Triborough Bridge
Triborough Bridge
in East Harlem to 10th Avenue in Inwood, where the parkway ends and the road continues north as Dyckman Street. The portion of the Harlem River Drive from the Triborough Bridge
Triborough Bridge
to the Alexander Hamilton Bridge
Alexander Hamilton Bridge
is a limited-access highway. South of the Triborough Bridge, the parkway continues toward lower Manhattan
Manhattan
as FDR Drive. All of the Harlem River Drive is designated New York State Route 907P (NY 907P), an unsigned reference route. The parkway north of 165th Street was originally part of the Harlem River Speedway, a horse carriage race track opened in 1898. The rest of the parkway from 125th to 165th Streets opened to traffic in stages from 1951 to 1962. The parkway's ceremonial designation, 369th Harlem Hellfighters Drive, is in honor of the 369th Infantry Regiment, also known as the Harlem Hellfighters.

Contents

1 Route description 2 History 3 Exit list 4 See also 5 References 6 External links

Route description[edit]

Northern terminus of the parkway at Dyckman Street
Dyckman Street
and Tenth Avenue in Inwood

The Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive begins at exit 17 of the FDR Drive
FDR Drive
in East Harlem section of Manhattan. The parkway crosses under 125th Street alongside the Harlem River. Bending to the northwest, the Harlem River Drive crosses under Willis Avenue, passing west of the Willis Avenue Bridge. Proceeding southbound, exit 19 is present, connecting to 125th Street and the Willis Avenue Bridge. The Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive proceeding northwest, crosses under the Third Avenue Bridge, reaching exit 21 northbound, a junction for 135th Street. Southbound, exit 20 connects to Park Avenue. Continuing northward, the Harlem River Drive continues north under the Madison Avenue Bridge. Southbound, the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive meets exit 22, a junction to 142nd Street and Fifth Avenue.[2] Crossing under 145th Street, the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive passes east of the 145th Street subway station on the IRT Lenox Avenue Line
IRT Lenox Avenue Line
(3 train). It then passes directly east of the Lenox Yard and the Harlem – 148th Street station. The Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive crosses under the Macombs Dam Bridge, 155th Street, and Seventh Avenue before crossing northbound exit 23, a left exit to Frederick Douglass Boulevard. Then, the parkway goes east of the Polo Grounds
Polo Grounds
site and merges with the southbound exit 23, an exit to Frederick Douglass Boulevard
Frederick Douglass Boulevard
and to a junction with the Harlem River
Harlem River
Driveway, which goes south to 155th Street. Shortly after, Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive enters exit 24, a four-lane viaduct that rises from the parkway to connect to the George Washington Bridge via I-95 and US 1 along the Trans-Manhattan Expressway, as well to Amsterdam Avenue in Washington Heights.[2] The Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive continues northeast as a four-lane parkway. Crossing under the Alexander Hamilton Bridge, the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive crosses through High Bridge Park
High Bridge Park
before turning away from the Harlem River in Inwood. The four-lane arterial continues north through Manhattan, entering a junction with Dyckman Street
Dyckman Street
and Tenth Avenue, which is the northern end of the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive.[2] History[edit]

The Harlem River
Harlem River
Speedway in 1903

The Drive originated as the Harlem River
Harlem River
Speedway,[3] which started construction in 1894[4] and opened in July 1898.[5] Originally, the Speedway was for the exclusive use of horse-drawn carriages and those on horseback; bicyclists were specifically excluded, as were sulkies and drays. The Speedway ran from West 155th Street to Dyckman Street, and soon became a tourist destination, where visitors watched carriage races and boat races on the river. Rich New Yorkers used the Speedway to train their horses and size up those of their friends and competitors.[3][6] In 1919, motorists were allowed on the Speedway, but for normal driving purposes.[6][7] The route was paved in 1922, and officially renamed the Harlem River
Harlem River
Driveway.[6][8] In 1939, Manhattan
Manhattan
Borough President Stanley M. Isaacs
Stanley M. Isaacs
unveiled plans to build Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive,[9] which was planned as a four-lane road linking the Harlem River
Harlem River
Speedway and the East River (now FDR) Drive north of East 125th Street.[3] The initial section of the drive would stretch from 125th to 165th Streets, near where it merged into the speedway.[10] Traffic from the Triborough Bridge
Triborough Bridge
and the several Harlem River
Harlem River
bridges joining the Major Deegan Expressway
Major Deegan Expressway
in the Bronx would feed into the drive.[9] Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive would also contain playgrounds and parks along its route, similar to those on the East River Drive,[10] There would be a service road abutting the drive's west side.[9] Sections of the old speedway in the path of the highway would incorporated into the new highway.[11] There would also be new ramps from the speedway section to the then-newly built George Washington Bridge.[12] The cost of the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive was originally estimated at over $18 million, of which $11 million was used to build the highway itself and nearly $7 million in acquired lands.[11] However, there were some disagreements during the planning of the new highway, and by 1946, the cost had increased to $26 million.[13] The modern Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive was completed in segments during the 1950s and early 1960s.[3] The segment connecting the Speedway to Eighth Avenue, which ended at 159th Street, was completed in 1951.[14][15] The highway from 125th Street and First Avenue to 132nd Street and Park Avenue opened in 1958, connecting three of the Harlem River bridges.[16] Another section between 142nd and 161st Streets opened in 1960,[17] and an extension south to 132nd Street opened two years later, closing the gap between the two sections.[18] In 1964, shortly after the drive's completion, the entire drive was widened to six lanes.[19] In 2003, the New York State Department of Transportation
New York State Department of Transportation
ceremonially designated the parkway as the "369th Harlem Hellfighters
Harlem Hellfighters
Drive" in honor of the all-black regiment that fought to defend France
France
during World War I.[20] Founded in 2010, the Manhattan
Manhattan
Waterfront Greenway runs between the river and the drive, from 155th to Dyckman Streets, in a portion of Highbridge Park
Highbridge Park
which had been abandoned and fenced off approximately half a century.[21] Exit list[edit] The entire route is in the New York City
New York City
borough of Manhattan. 

Location mi[1][22][23] km Exit Destinations Notes

East Harlem 0.00 0.00 – FDR Drive
FDR Drive
south – Battery Park Continuation beyond RFK Bridge

17 I-278 (Robert F. Kennedy Bridge) – Bruckner Expressway, Grand Central Parkway Northbound entrance under construction; exit 46 on I-278

18 Willis Avenue Bridge
Willis Avenue Bridge
to I-87 (Deegan Expressway) Northbound exit only

0.10– 0.60 0.16– 0.97 19 2nd Avenue / East 125th Street Northbound exit closed until 2017[24]

0.60 0.97 – Third Avenue Bridge Southbound entrance only

0.68– 0.90 1.09– 1.45 20 Park Avenue / East 132nd Street Southbound exit and entrance

0.71 1.14 21 East 135th Street / Madison Avenue Bridge Northbound exit only

0.90– 1.40 1.45– 2.25 22 5th Avenue / West 142nd Street No northbound exit

Washington Heights 2.10– 2.80 3.38– 4.51 23 Frederick Douglass Boulevard / West 155th Street Southbound access via Harlem River
Harlem River
Driveway

Highbridge Park 3.23 5.20 24 I-95 south / US 1 south / Amsterdam Avenue / West 178th Street – George Washington Bridge Northbound exit and southbound entrance; exit 2 on I-95 / US 1

Inwood 4.20 6.76 – Dyckman Street / 10th Avenue At-grade intersection

1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

      Incomplete access       Unopened

See also[edit]

New York Roads portal

References[edit] Notes

^ a b New York State Department of Transportation
New York State Department of Transportation
(July 25, 2008). "2007 Traffic Data Report for New York State" (PDF). New York State Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 29, 2009.  ^ a b c Microsoft; Nokia
Nokia
(October 7, 2012). "Overview Map of the Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive" (Map). Bing Maps. Microsoft. Retrieved October 7, 2012.  ^ a b c d Gray, Christopher (July 13, 1997). "A Roadway Built for the Elite to Trot Out Their Rigs". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "CHEERS FROM UNEMPLOYED; 1,500 SAW MAYOR GILROY BEGIN WORK ON THE SPEEDWAY. Hundreds of Idle Workmen Gathered in the Hope of Getting Work, but Active Construction of the Drive Will Not Begin Until To-day or To-morrow -- The Mayor Made a Short Speech of Congratulation -- Stories Told by Unemployed". The New York Times. February 6, 1894. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "HARLEM SPEEDWAY OPENED; Pronounced by Horsemen to be the Finest Driveway for Light Speeding in the Country. YESTERDAY THE FIRST DAY The Number Present at the Opening Hour Not Large, but Later in the Day Many Wrote Arrived -- Interesting Facts". The New York Times. July 3, 1898. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ a b c Robinson, Lauren (February 28, 2012). "How Harlem River Speedway Became Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive". Museum of the City of New York.  ^ "Autos to Use Speedway: Gallatin Will Open Harlem Drive to Passenger Machines Today". The New York Times. December 4, 1919. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ "SPEEDWAY REOPENS WITH NEW SURFACE; Famous Harlem River
Harlem River
Stretch Now Has Concrete Paving in Place of Dirt. CELEBRATION IS PLANNED Park Commissioner Notified of Arrangements for a Programon Oct. 12". The New York Times. August 13, 1922. Retrieved July 16, 2017.  ^ a b c "ISAACS ASKS AID FOR HARLEM DRIVE; Borough Head Says It Will Enhance Property Values in Section Greatly SEES MORE PLAYGROUNDS He and Others Praise Aims of Newly Formed Harlem Real Estate Board Problem of Financing Unfavorable Realty Dealings". The New York Times. 1939. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ a b "ISAACS PROPOSES NEW RIVER DRIVE; Borough President Has Plans for Road Along the Harlem for 2 1/2 to 3 Miles". The New York Times. November 3, 1941. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ a b "DETAILS OUTLINED FOR HARLEM DRIVE; Ample Provision for Uses Commercially Provided in $18,000,000 Project". The New York Times. July 12, 1944. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "NEW APPROACH TO BRIDGE; Ramp and Tunnel Will Speed Traffic to the George Washington Span From the East". The New York Times. April 2, 1939. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "IMPROVEMENT COSTS VOTED FOR SUBWAY; Board of Estimate Appropriates $31,291,000 for New Cars and Station Lengthening SPRING REFERENDUM SEEN Mayor Expected to Seek Change in Transit Law for 'Safe' Vote on Higher Fare". The New York Times. October 11, 1946. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "LINK TO SPEEDWAY IN HARLEM READY; $268,000 Half-Mile Lane From Upper End of 8th Ave. to Be Opened Today PART OF A LONG PROJECT Wagner Says More Routes in Over-All Development Will Be Speeded by City". The New York Times. June 13, 1951. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "NEW HALF-MILE STRETCH OF HARLEM RIVER DRIVE OPENED". The New York Times. June 14, 1951. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "FIRST LINK OPENED IN HARLEM DRIVE; Harriman and Wagner at Ceremony -- Road Joins 3 East Side Arteries". The New York Times. February 14, 1958. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "ROAD SECTION TO OPEN; Part of Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive to Be in Use Tomorrow". The New York Times. November 17, 1960. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "Harlem Drive Link to Open Today". The New York Times. August 31, 1962. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ "Work on Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive Will Cause Change inTraffic". The New York Times. December 13, 1964. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved September 15, 2017.  ^ Hayes, William (2007). City in Time: New York. City in time. Sterling Innovation. p. 137. ISBN 978-1-4027-3851-7. Retrieved 2018-02-05.  ^ New York City
New York City
Department of City Planning (2010). "Manhattan Waterfront Greenway". New York City
New York City
Department of City Planning. Archived from the original on July 5, 2009. Retrieved April 2, 2010.  ^ Google
Google
(January 5, 2015). " Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive" (Map). Google
Google
Maps. Google. Retrieved January 5, 2015.  ^ "New York County Inventory Listing" (CSV). New York State Department of Transportation. August 7, 2015. Retrieved September 5, 2017.  ^ Solis, Gustavo (November 10, 2014). "125th Street Faces 3 Years of Detours Amid Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive Repairs". DNAinfo. Archived from the original on August 31, 2015. 

External links[edit]

KML file (edit • help)

Display on Google
Google
Maps

Template:Attached KML/ Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive KML is from Wikidata

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive.

Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive at Alps' Roads NYCRoads.com – Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive How Harlem River
Harlem River
Speedway Became Harlem River
Harlem River
Drive from the Museum of the City of New York Coll

.