The Hani or
2 Origins 3 Culture
3.1 Religion 3.2 Language
4.1 China 4.2 Vietnam
5 See also 6 References 7 External links
There are 12,500 Hani living in
Lai Châu Province
Mojiang Hani Autonomous County
Origins The origins of the Hani are not precisely known, though their ancestors, the ancient Qiang tribe, are believed to have migrated southward from the Qinghai-Tibetan plateau prior to the third century CE. The Hani oral traditions state that they are descended from the Yi people, and that they split off as a separate tribe fifty generations ago. One of their oral traditions is the recital of the names of Hani ancestors from the first Hani family down to oneself. Culture
A Hani house in Vietnam.
Hani houses are usually two or three stories high, built with bamboo, mud, stone and wood. The traditional clothing of the Hani is made with dark blue fabric. The men dress in short jackets and in long wide pants. They also wear white or black turbans. The women dress depending on which clan they belong to. There is no gender difference in the clothing of children under the age of seven. Hani are known for their vocal polyphonic singing. Eight-part polyphony was recorded in the 1990s. They play traditional musical instruments, end-blown flute labi (俄比). and three-stringed plucked lute lahe. Part of thousand years old culture are terraced fields.
Elderly Hani ladies enjoying ice cream at Laomeng market. Near
The Hani are polytheists and they profess a special adoration toward
the spirits of their ancestors. They are used to practicing rituals to
venerate to the different gods and thus to obtain their protection.
The religious hierarchy of the Hani is divided into three main
personages: the zuima that directs the main celebrations; the beima,
responsible for practicing the exorcisms and the magical rituals; the
nima that takes charge of carrying out predictions and to administer
the medicinal herbs. This last charge can be performed indistinctly by
men and women.
Some Hani also practice Theravada Buddhism.
See also: Hanoish languages
Nuobi 糯比: in Xinping, Mojiang Qidi 其弟/期弟: in Honghe, Mojiang, Puer, Zhenyuan, Sipsongpanna Mahei 麻黑: in Puer, Jinggu, Zhenyuan Luomian 罗勉: in Luquan, Wuding Lami 腊米: in Zhenyuan, Mojiang, Honghe, Sipsongpanna Kabie 卡别: in Mojiang Duota 堕塔: in Puer, Xinping, Zhenyuan Sanda 三达: in Sipsongpanna. The Sanda people live in Sanda Township 三达乡 (including in Dazhai 大寨) of Jinghong City, and speak a Yi language with many Hani loanwords (You 2013:136-137). There are 2 elderly women in Dazhai 大寨 who can only remember just over 40 words in the Sanda language. The Chinese name for this group is Sanda 三达, while the Dai name is Lanqian 兰千. The Sanda claim to have migrated from Yibang 倚邦 and Yiwu 易武. Initially, they were classified by the Chinese government as ethnic Yi, but currently they are classified as ethnic Hani. Haini 海尼: in Jinggu Huagu 花姑: in Yuanyang Aka 阿卡: in Puer
Yeni 耶尼 (exonym: Kaduo 卡多): in Mojiang, Xinping, Puer, Zhenyuan, Jingdong, Jinggu, Sipsongpanna Biyue 碧约: in Mojiang, Puer, Honghe, Xinping, Zhenyuan, Simao, Jinggu, Sipsongpanna, Jingdong Haoni 豪尼
Budu 布都: in Mojiang, Puer, Honghe, Sipsongpanna, Zhenyuan, Jinggu, Simao, Xinping Bujiao 补角: in Sipsongpanna Baike 白壳: in Zhenyuan
Gecuo 哥搓 (exonym: Kucong 苦聪): in Zhenyuan, Xinping, Jinping, Mojiang, Puer, Honghe, Sipsongpanna, Yuanyang, Jinggu, Jingdong, Shuangbai Axiluma 阿西鲁吗 (exonym: Ximoluo 西摩洛): in Mojiang, Puer, Honghe, Sipsongpanna, Zhenyuan, Jinggu, Simao, Jingdong Duoni 多尼: in Yuanyang, Jinping Amu 阿木: in Mojiang, Zhenyuan, Puer Suoni 梭尼 (exonym: Asuo 阿梭): in Jinping Luomei 罗美 (exonym: Suobi 梭比): in Xinping Bukong 布孔 (exonyms: Heni 合尼, Baihong 白宏): in Mojiang, Honghe, Puer, Sipsongpanna, Zhenyuan, Jingdong
The Hani of
The Flowery Hani (Hà Nhì Hoa), who are found in Lai Chau Province and are further split into two subgroups.
Hà Nhì Cồ Chồ Hà Nhì La Mí
The Black Hani, who are found in Bát Xát District, Lao Cai Province
In Vietnam, communes consisting almost exclusively of ethnic Hani include Sín Thầu, Chúng Chải, Mù Cả, Ka Lăng, Thu Lủm (all in Mường Tè District), Y Tý and A Lù (all in Bát Xát District). The Hani of A Lù had originally come from Jinping County of Yunnan, China, and had later spread from A Lù to the communes of Lao Chải, Nậm Pung, and Ngài Thầu. See also
Honghe Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture
Yuanyang County, Yunnan, with its Hani majority and immense rice
Akha people, a closely related people who have spread out from Yunnan
province into Burma, Vietnam,
^ "The 2009
Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hani.
Photographs of the Hani of Yuanyang County, Yunnan Hani gallery The Hani ethnic minority on China.org.cn (Chinese government site) Asia harvest ethnic profile ハニ和辞典 (Hani-Japanese glossary) UNESCO about terrace fields
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Southern Loloish (Hanoish)
Akha Akeu Chepya Muteun Muda? Gokhy?
Hani Nuomei Nuobi Lami Luomian Angluo Guohe Guozuo Gehuo Yiche Qidi Kabie
Honi Woni Baihong Bukong Budu Suobi Duoni Duota Asuo Amu
Bisu Laomian Laopin Pyen Phunoi Sinsali Cantan Cốông Sangkong Tsukong Laopan Laoseng Phongku Phongset Phunyot Cauho Bantang Khongsat
Sila Khir Cosao Paza Phana’ Wanyä
Piyo Kaduo Enu Mpi
Lawu Awu Lewu?
Lisu Toloza Lipo Lolopo Mili Hlersu Micha Lamu Limi
Lalo Yangliu Eka Mangdi Xuzhang Alu?
Talu Lavu Lang'e Tagu Popei Naruo Kua-nsi Kuamasi Laizisi Zibusi Sonaga Gomotage
Katso Samu Sanie Sadu Meuma
Northern Loloish (Nisoid)
Nasu Chesu Luoji Gepo Ku Alingpo Aluo
Southeastern Loloish (Axi-Puoid)
Sani Axi Azhe Azha Samei?
Khlula Muji Bokha Phuma Muzi Laghuu Moji Phowa Phukha Thopho Zokhuo
Phola Phala Phupa Phuza Phupha Alugu
Pholo Ache Long Xiqi Ati Adu
(other lesser-known languages)
Pai-lang Ugong? Mruic?
LCCN: sh89004413 SUDOC: 033940622 BNF: cb12474689s (d