HAMPI (_Hampe_) is a village and temple town recognised as a UNESCO
World Heritage Site
World Heritage Site , listed as the _Group of Monuments at Hampi_. in
India . It is located within the ruins of the
Vijayanagara , the former capital of the
Vijayanagara Empire .
Predating the city of Vijayanagara,
Hampi continues to be an important
religious centre, housing the
Virupaksha Temple and several other
monuments belonging to the old city.
* 1 Etymology
* 2 History
* 3 Geography
* 3.1 Climate
* 4 Architecture
* 5 Religious buildings
* 6 Civil buildings
* 8 Important sites at and near
Global Heritage Fund efforts
* 10 Access
* 11 Gallery
* 12 See also
* 13 References
* 14 External links
_Hampi_ — traditionally known as _Pampa-kshetra_,
_Kishkindha-kshetra_ or _Bhaskara-kshetra_ — is derived from Pampa,
the old name of the
Tungabhadra River (Pampa was Lord Brahma's
daughter, who was later married to Lord Shiva) on whose southern banks
the city is built. The name "Hampi" is an anglicized version of the
Kannada name Hampe (derived from Pampa). Over the years, it has also
been referred to as
Vijayanagara and Virupakshapura (from Virupaksha,
the patron deity of the
Ashoka 's Rock Edicts in Nittur color:#000000;">30.9
AVERAGE LOW °C (°F)
AVERAGE PRECIPITATION MM (INCHES)
Source: Climate data: Hampi
Hampi Map, 1911 Schematic map of
Hampi with major
Jain Temples The remains of a giant
Bukka's Aqueduct located near
Anegondi Lotus Mahal at the
The city of
Vijayanagara was originally encompassed by seven lines of
fortifications , which had many bastions and gateways. The seventh &
the innermost fortification enclosed the main city and is the best
preserved. The extant monuments of
Hampi can be
divided into Religious, Civil "> MALYAVANTA RAGHUNATHASWAMY
TEMPLE was constructed in the ancient style of architecture; the
temple of Malyavanta Raghunathaswamy stands 3 km down the road. Its
inner walls carry peculiar and interesting motifs of fish and marine
* HAZARA RAMA TEMPLE COMPLEX: This ruined temple complex is well
known for elaborate frescoes from the
Hindu theosophy and a sprawling
courtyard well-laid with gardens. It is noted for its thousands of
carvings and inscriptions around the temple which tell of
* JAIN TEMPLE : Reliefs of
Jain temples are present in this area
that includes Hemkut
Jain temples, Ratnantraykut, Parsvanath Charan
and Ganigatti jain temple. Most of the idols are now missing from
these temples. Ruins suggest that these temples belong to 14th
* KRISHNA TEMPLE Complex: This is an ASI-protected monument, built
in 1513 CE during the reign of king
Krishnadevaraya after his
successful campaign against the Gajapatis of Orissa. There is a
halegannada (old Kannada) stone inscription by
to 1513 CE in the temple's frontyard. This temple was abandoned after
the fall of
Vijayanagara and is not used for worship at present.
Krishna temple bazaar has been excavated through the last decade, and
restoration work is still in progress. The temple has the Sacred Tank
Pushkarani located on its eastern side.
The mantapas of Vittala temple The Stone
* VITTALA TEMPLE Complex:This is perhaps the most well-known among
the ruins of Hampi. The iconic stone chariot in the vicinity of this
temple complex is a symbol of
Tourism . Unfortunately it had
a brick tower above it which was demolished. Of late, floodlights
have been installed in the temple complex that provide illumination at
dusk, thereby adding to the grandeur of the architecture. The great
“swing-pavilion” of this temple is one of the technical marvels of
Vijayanagara architecture. The temple houses the famous musical
The road leading to the temple was once a market where horses were
traded. Even today, we can see the ruins of the market on both the
sides of the road. The temple contains the images of foreigners like
Persians selling horses.
* Muslim Sunni masjid
* Preksha temple and groups
* Saasivekaalu Ganesha
* VIRUPAKSHA TEMPLE known as the Pampavathi temple, an ancient
temple situated in the
Bazaar . It predates the founding of the
Vijayanagara empire . The temple has three _gopuras _ (entrance
towers). A large 160-foot (49 m) high tower as its main entrance
facing east, a smaller second entrance tower leading to inner temple
courtyard after the main _gopura_, and another one facing north known
Kanakagiri _gopura_, leading to a small enclosure with
subsidiary shrines and eventually to the river Tungabhadra . The
smaller inner _gopura_ and the beautiful _mandapa_ (an open pillared
hall or pavilion) were dedicated to the temple by king Krishnadevaraya
on his coronation in 1510 CE, making them over 500 years old. Apart
from Shiva, the temple complex also contains shrines of the erotica
Bhuvaneshwari and Pampa.
* PRASANNA VIRUPAKSHA TEMPLE: This temple is popularly known as the
“Underground Shiva temple” as it was almost completely covered
before its discovery and excavation.
* YANTRODHARAKA ANJANEYA temple
* Aqueducts and Canals
* Archaeological Museum at
* Lotus Mahal
* Zanana enclosure
Elephant stables: used to house the eleven royal elephants in King
Krishnadeva Raya's army. The neighbouring building housed the riders
of the royal elephants.
* The King's balance
IMPORTANT SITES AT AND NEAR HAMPI
* Kadalekalu Ganesha
* Lake (Near
* Tungabhadra River
* Uddana Veerabhadra temple
* Sri Lakshmi Narasimha
* Virupapura Gaddi
* Yeduru Basavanna
* Talarigatta Gate
* Bhim'a Gate
* Tenali Rama Pavilion
GLOBAL HERITAGE FUND EFFORTS
Global Heritage Fund (GHF), the Hampi
Cornell University , and the State of Karnataka, have been
actively involved in the conservation of Hampi's unique cultural
heritage. After producing a master conservation plan for the site of
Chandramouleshwara Temple , GHF's efforts have moved to "stabilization
of the temple and its associated structural features."
Hampi is a significant historic and tourist site, its access
can be challenging. One travel site recommends:
* Fly into
* Drive to this site (rented car or taxi) - three hours travel time -
* take the overnight train from Bangalore-Karnataka
Language can be a problem at this place most locals speak a regional
Kannada . Not everybody in the area can communicate using
English or Hindi.
Hampi Village is on the opposite side of the Tungabhadra
Hampi City (site of the ruins and temples). Ferry service
to cross the river is available at times, but is not consistent, and
depends also on the condition of the river. A 75-km road is available
between the village and the city (2 hours travel) if the ferry service
is not available.
Hampi Scenery, 360° Panorama Shot from Matanga Hill
The Narasimha Vigraha
Virupaksha Temple from Hemkuta Hill
Sunset from Hemkuta Hill,
Ruins, Hemkuta Hill,
Jain Temple at Hemkuta hill,
Farms as seen from Anjaneyadri Hill
Stepped Tank near the Underground Temple
The sacred tank located on the side of Krishna temple
Nandi statue carved out of a boulder at the Main Market
Tungabhadra River in
Carved pillars of the Saasivekaalu Ganesha Temple at Hemakuta Hill
Monolithic Ganesha at the Hemakuta Hill,
Sunset in Hampi,
* Culture portal
Krishna Deva Raya
* ^ "
Hampi Village Population -
Hospet - Bellary, Karnataka".
Census2011.co.in. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
* ^ http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/241.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "Group of Monuments at Hampi". World Heritage.
Retrieved 20 December 2006.
* ^ D. Devakunjari. _World Heritage Series: Hampi_. Eicher
Goodearth Ltd, New Delhi - for Archaeological Survey of
India . p. 8.
ISBN 81-87780-42-8 .
* ^ _A_ _B_ D. Devakunjari (2007). _World Heritage Series Hampi_.
Eicher Goodearth Ltd, New Delhi - for Archaeological Survey of India.
p. 11. ISBN 8187780428 .
* ^ "Less Known Facts about
Hampi Sightseeing Hampi".
Karnataka.com. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
* ^ "Group of Monuments at Hampi,
Karnataka - Archaeological Survey
of India". Asi.nic.in. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
* ^ Zones of Hampi
* ^ "
Hampi Festival Vurupaksha Temple".
Karnataka.com. 9 January 2015. Retrieved 11 August 2015.
* ^ Hampi: Monument Guide
* ^ The three eyes of Shiva
* ^ "Shimla, Himachal Pradesh – Expert Bulletin".
Expertbulletin.com. Retrieved 5 October 2013.
* ^ Gopal, Madan (1990). K.S. Gautam, ed. _
India through the ages_.
Publication Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting,
Government of India. p. 178.
* ^ Jain: Hampi
* ^ "Trip to
Hampi - Ruins of Vijayanagara-Part 2". _Trayaan.com_.
Trayaan. 15 February 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
* ^ _A_ _B_ "
Vijayanagara Research Project::Vitthala temple".
_www.vijayanagara.org_. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
* ^ "Trip to Hampi, the ruins of the magnificent Vijayanagara".
_Trayaan.com_. Trayaan. 9 February 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
* ^ "Trip to Hampi-Ruins of
Vijayanagara - Part 3". _trayaan.com_.
Trayaan. 6 June 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2016.
* ^ _King’s Balance,
Hampi – A Monument with an Interesting
Global Heritage Fund - Where We Work - Hampi, India. Accessed
24 April 2009.
* ^ _Hampi: The remains of what was, not so long ago, the world\'s
largest city_ Atlas Obscura
Wikimedia Commons has media related to GROUP OF MONUMENTS AT HAMPI
Wikivoyage has a travel guide for HAMPI _.
* S.Srinivasachar, T.S.Satyan, '
Hampi : The fabled capital of the
Vijayanagara Empire_, (Directorate of Archaeology and Museums), Govt.
of Karnataka, 1995_
* J.M. Fritz _et al._, _New Light on Hampi: Recent Research at
Vijayanagara_, (Performing Arts Mumbai, 2001) ISBN 81-85026-53-X
* A.N. Longhurst, _
Hampi Ruins Described and Illustrated_, (Laurier
Books Ltd., 1998) ISBN 81-206-0159-9
* _The Ruins of Hampi:Travel Guide_ ISBN 81-7525-766-0
Karnataka State Gazetteer 1983.