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Hamilton Heights is a neighborhood in the northern part of Manhattan, which is a borough of New York City. It lies between Manhattanville to the south and Washington Heights to the north.[1] It contains the sub-neighborhood of Sugar Hill. Hamilton Heights is bounded by 135th Street to the south, Riverside Drive to the west, 155th Street to the north, and Edgecombe Avenue to the east. The community derives its name from Founding Father Alexander Hamilton, who lived the last two years of his life in the area when it was still largely farmland; specifically, he lived in what is now known as Hamilton Grange
Hamilton Grange
National Monument.[1] It is located within Manhattan
Manhattan
Community Board 9.

Contents

1 Demographics 2 Housing and diversity 3 Notable sites 4 Transportation 5 Notable people 6 See also 7 References 8 External links

Demographics[edit] Based on data from the 2010 United States Census, the population of Hamilton Heights was 48,520, a decrease of 2,035 (4.0%) from the 50,555 counted in 2000. Covering an area of 367.41 acres (148.69 ha), the neighborhood had a population density of 132.1 inhabitants per acre (84,500/sq mi; 32,600/km2).[2] The racial makeup of the neighborhood was 10.9% (5,287) White, 32.2% (15,646) African American, 0.2% (119) Native American, 2.2% (1,067) Asian, 0.0% (15) Pacific Islander, 0.4% (178) from other races, and 1.8% (884) from two or more races. Hispanic
Hispanic
or Latino of any race were 52.2% (25,324) of the population.[3] Housing and diversity[edit] Most of the housing dates from the extension of the elevated and subway lines at the end of the 19th and the start of the 20th Century.[1] This fairly elegant housing became less desirable to white residents in the 1930s and 1940s as the population changed from white to black, even though the black residents were just as affluent as the white residents.[1] There are spacious apartment buildings, brownstones and other row houses prominently lining the leafy eastern streets of Hamilton Heights, an area traditionally home to a substantial black professional class. The brownstone revival of the 1960s and 1970s led to a new movement of middle-class blacks in the area. Latinos arrived in large numbers in the 1980s, with Dominicans making up the majority.[1] Today the local population is changing again, with Hispanics constituting a majority of the population followed by African Americans, West Indians and Whites. Gentrification since 2005 has dramatically increased the proportion of non-Hispanic whites. Many actors, artists, teachers, and other professionals now reside in Hamilton Heights.[4] After the Russian Revolution, especially after the 1940s, many Ukrainians, Russian White émigré, and Polish found their way to New York City. Hamilton Heights had a very heavy population of Eastern European heritages, with a predominantly large amount of Russians living in this immediate area. There were a couple of Russian Orthodox Churches erected, Russian Book stores, bakeries, grocery and delicatessen stores including theatres all along Broadway. The house on the corner of Broadway and west 141st street was known as the "Russian House" (Русский Дом) and a Russian library was on the other corner. During the late 1950s and throughout the 1960s, a lot of these Russians began to move out to suburban areas of New York and New Jersey. The only remaining landmark of this era is the Holy Fathers Russian Orthodox
Russian Orthodox
Church Russian Orthodox
Russian Orthodox
Church Outside Russia, located on 524 W. 153rd Street,[5] with some notable Russian Americans buried at the bordering Trinity Cemetery, New York City.[4] Notable sites[edit] Hamilton Heights is the home of City College of New York
City College of New York
(CCNY), Dance Theatre of Harlem, The Harlem School of the Arts
The Harlem School of the Arts
and Aaron Davis Hall. The neighborhood offers several parks, including the recently built Riverbank State Park, embedded in Riverside Park which runs along the Hudson River
Hudson River
west of Hamilton Heights. Historic Hamilton Heights comprises the Hamilton Heights Historic District and the Hamilton Heights/Sugar Hill Historic District Extension, both designated by the New York City
New York City
Landmarks Preservation Commission. One of the highest hills in Hamilton Heights slopes up from the Hudson River
Hudson River
at 155th Street, and contains the Trinity Cemetery.[1] Many individual buildings in the district are also landmarked, including Shepard Hall on the CCNY campus, and the building that once housed The High School of Music & Art. The Audubon Mural Project paints the neighborhood with images of the birds depicted by John James Audubon
John James Audubon
in his early 19th century folio The Birds of America.[6]

From the Hudson River

Transportation[edit] The New York City
New York City
Subway's IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
IRT Broadway – Seventh Avenue Line
stops in Hamilton Heights at the 137th Street – City College and 145th Street stations (1 train). The IND Eighth Avenue Line
IND Eighth Avenue Line
runs under St. Nicholas Avenue, providing service at 135th Street (A, ​B, and ​C trains), 145th Street (A, ​B, ​C, and ​D trains) and 155th Street (A and ​C trains). The IND Concourse Line
IND Concourse Line
branches off north of the 145th Street station, and runs under Saint Nicholas Place to serve the 155th Street (B and ​D trains).[7] The MTA Regional Bus Operations' M3, M4, M5, M10, M11, M100, M101, Bx6, Bx6 SBS, Bx19, Bx33 buses serve the area.[8] Notable people[edit]

Count Basie – musician Duke Ellington – musician Ralph Ellison – author A$AP Ferg – rapper George Gershwin – composer Alexander Hamilton – former Secretary of the Treasury Oscar Hammerstein I – composer Lena Horne – singer Yoselyn Ortega – Dominican-born American nanny accused of stabbing to death children Lucia and Leo Krim in 2012. Norman Rockwell – artist Juelz Santana – musician Nicholas Teliatnikow – photojournalist, photographer Malcolm X – civil rights activist

See also[edit]

Irish Americans in New York City

References[edit]

^ a b c d e f Kenneth T. Jackson: The Encyclopedia of New York City: New-York Historical Society; Yale University Press; 1995. P. 519-520. ^ Table PL-P5 NTA: Total Population and Persons Per Acre - New York City Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City Department of City Planning, February 2012. Accessed June 16, 2016. ^ Table PL-P3A NTA: Total Population by Mutually Exclusive Race and Hispanic
Hispanic
Origin - New York City
New York City
Neighborhood Tabulation Areas*, 2010, Population Division - New York City
New York City
Department of City Planning, March 29, 2011. Accessed June 14, 2016. ^ a b NYT on Hamilton Heights ^ "The Parish of the Holy Fathers Church" Archived 2011-12-10 at the Wayback Machine. ^ Delson, Susan (23 October 2015). "Retracing Audubon's Steps, Painting His Birds Anew". Wall Street Journal. Retrieved 26 October 2017.  ^ "Subway Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. January 18, 2018. Retrieved January 18, 2018.  ^ " Manhattan
Manhattan
Bus Map" (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority. May 2017. Retrieved July 17, 2017. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hamilton Heights Historic District.

NYC's Guide to Hamilton Heights Pamphlet Some photos of CCNY and Hamilton Heights, Forgotten NY

Links to related articles

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Neighborhoods in the New York City
New York City
borough of Manhattan

Lower Manhattan below 14th St (CB 1, 2, 3)

Alphabet City Battery Park City Bowery Chinatown Civic Center Cooperative Village East Village Essex Crossing Financial District Five Points Greenwich Village Hudson Square Little Fuzhou Little Germany Little Italy Little Syria Lower East Side Meatpacking District NoHo Nolita Radio Row SoHo South Street Seaport South Village Tribeca Two Bridges West Village World Trade Center

Midtown (CB 5)

Columbus Circle Diamond District Flatiron District Garment District Herald Square Koreatown Madison Square NoMad Silicon Alley Theater District Times Square

West Side (CB 4, 7)

Chelsea Hell's Kitchen Hudson Yards Lincoln Square Little Spain Manhattan
Manhattan
Valley Manhattantown Penn South Pomander Walk Riverside South Tenderloin Upper West Side

East Side (CB 6, 8)

Carnegie Hill Gashouse District Gramercy Park Kips Bay Lenox Hill Murray Hill Peter Cooper Village Rose Hill Stuyvesant Square Stuyvesant Town Sutton Place Tudor City Turtle Bay Union Square Upper East Side Waterside Plaza Yorkville

Upper Manhattan above 110th St (CB 9, 10, 11, 12)

Astor Row East Harlem Hamilton Heights Harlem Hudson Heights Inwood Le Petit Senegal Manhattanville Marble Hill (Bx CB 8) Marcus Garvey Park Morningside Heights Sugar Hill Sylvan Washington Heights

Islands

Ellis Island
Ellis Island
(CB 1) Governors Island
Governors Island
(CB 1) Liberty Island
Liberty Island
(CB 1) Randalls Island (CB 11) Roosevelt Island
Roosevelt Island
(CB 8) Wards Island (CB 11)

Former

Seneca Village

Community boards: 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12

v t e

Harlem, Manhattan

Aspects of Harlem

Crime Demographics Education History Harlem
Harlem
Renaissance List of films List of neighborhoods List of people

Subsections

East Harlem Hamilton Heights Italian Harlem Le Petit Senegal Manhattanville Morningside Heights Sugar Hill

v t e

Alexander Hamilton

Senior Officer of the United States Army, 1799–1800 1st Secretary of the Treasury, 1789–1795 Delegate, Congress of the Confederation, 1782–1783, 1788–1789

United States founding events

A Full Vindication of the Measures of Congress (1774) The Farmer Refuted (1775) Delegate, 1786 Annapolis Convention Delegate, 1787 Constitutional Convention Initiated, main author, The Federalist Papers

written by Hamilton

Founding Father

Secretary of the Treasury

First Bank of the United States Revenue Marine (United States Coast Guard) United States Customs Service Hamiltonian economic program Residence Act

Compromise of 1790

"First Report on the Public Credit", 1790 Funding Act of 1790 "Operations of the Act Laying Duties on Imports", 1790 "Second Report on Public Credit", a.k.a. "Report on a National Bank", 1790 "Report On Manufactures", 1791 Tariff of 1790 Tariff of 1792 Coinage Act of 1792

United States Mint

Whiskey Rebellion Jay Treaty

Military career

New York Provincial Company of Artillery In the Revolutionary War Battles: Harlem
Harlem
Heights White Plains Trenton General Washington's Aide-de-Camp Princeton Brandywine Germantown Monmouth Siege of Yorktown

Other events

Burr–Hamilton duel Founder, Federalist Party

Federalist Era

Founder, Bank of New York Bank of North America Advisor, George Washington's Farewell Address President-General of the Society of the Cincinnati Founder, New-York Evening Post Hamilton–Reynolds sex scandal Rutgers v. Waddington Relationship with slavery

Depictions and memorials

Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
(Fraser statue) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
(Ceracchi bust) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
(Conrads statue) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
(Trumbull portrait) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
Bridge Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
High School (Los Angeles) Fort Hamilton Hamilton Grange
Hamilton Grange
National Memorial Hamilton Hall (Columbia University) Hamilton Hall (Salem, Massachusetts) Hamilton Heights, Manhattan Hamilton, Ohio Hamilton-Oneida Academy Postage stamps Trinity Church Cemetery United States ten-dollar bill

Media and popular culture

Hamilton (2015 musical) Hamilton (1917 play) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
(1931 film) Liberty! (1997 documentary series) Liberty's Kids
Liberty's Kids
(2002 animated series) John Adams (2008 miniseries)

Related

Age of Enlightenment American Enlightenment American Philosophical Society Liberty Hall (New Jersey) New York Manumission Society

African Free School

"American System" economic plan

American School

American Revolution

patriots

Family

Elizabeth Schuyler Hamilton

wife Schuyler family

Philip Hamilton
Philip Hamilton
(oldest son) Angelica Hamilton
Angelica Hamilton
(daughter) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
Jr. (son) James Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
(son) John Church Hamilton
John Church Hamilton
(son) William S. Hamilton (son) Eliza Hamilton Holly
Eliza Hamilton Holly
(daughter) Philip Hamilton
Philip Hamilton
(youngest son) Schuyler Hamilton
Schuyler Hamilton
(grandson) Alexander Hamilton
Alexander Hamilton
Jr. (grandson) Allan McLane Hamilton
Allan McLane Hamilton
(grandson) Robert Ray Hamilton (great-grandson)

Coordinates: 40°49′30″N 73°56′56″W / 40.825°N 73.949°W / 40.

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