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HǎIKǒU (Chinese : 海口), is the capital and most populous city of Hainan
Hainan
province, China
China
. It is situated on the northern coast of Hainan, by the mouth of the Nandu River . The northern part of the city is the district of Haidian Island , which is separated from the main part of Haikou
Haikou
by the Haidian River , a branch of the Nandu.

Administratively, Haikou
Haikou
is a prefecture-level city , comprising four districts, and covering 2,280 square kilometres (880 sq mi). There are 2,046,189 inhabitants in the built up area all living within the 4 urban districts of the city.

Haikou
Haikou
was originally a port city. Today, more than half of the island's total trade still goes through its ports. The city is home to Hainan
Hainan
University , which has its main campus on Haidian Island.

CONTENTS

* 1 History

* 2 Geography

* 2.1 Climate

* 2.2 Environment

* 2.2.1 Comprehensive city-improvement campaign

* 2.3 Water and sewage treatment

* 3 Demographics

* 4 Subdivisions

* 4.1 Districts

* 4.2 Neighbourhoods

* 4.2.1 Guomao * 4.2.2 Bo\'ai Road * 4.2.3 Hainan
Hainan
University area * 4.2.4 Haikou
Haikou
West Coast

* 4.3 Parks and recreational areas * 4.4 Other notable locations

* 5 Economy * 6 Education

* 7 Transportation

* 7.1 Urban * 7.2 Shared bicycles * 7.3 Air * 7.4 Intercity highways * 7.5 Rail * 7.6 Seaports

* 8 Arts and culture

* 8.1 Nightlife

* 9 Tourism * 10 Gallery * 11 See also * 12 References * 13 External links

HISTORY

The hanzi characters comprising the city's name, 海口, mean _ocean_/_sea_ and _mouth_/_port_, respectively. Thus, the name "Haikou" is also a word for "seaport" - similar to Portsmouth
Portsmouth
in England. Haikou
Haikou
originally served as the port for Qiongshan , the ancient administrative capital of Hainan
Hainan
island, located some 5 km (3.1 mi) inland to the south east. During its early history Haikou
Haikou
was a part of Guangdong
Guangdong
province. In the 13th century it was fortified and became a military post under the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty
(1368–1644). The port is located west of the mouth of the Nandu River , Hainan's principal river. When Qiongshan was opened to foreign trade under the Treaty of Tianjin
Tianjin
in 1858, Haikou
Haikou
started to rival the old administrative city. It was known internationally as 'Hoihow', based on the local dialect. In 1926, Haikou
Haikou
overtook Qiongshan in population and it was declared a separate administrative city. Haikou
Haikou
was developed as a port during the Sino-Japanese War (1937–45) when the Japanese invaded and occupied Hainan
Hainan
Island from early 1939 to 1945.

Since 1949, Haikou
Haikou
has maintained its position as Hainan's main port, handling more than half of the island's total trade. It has replaced Qiongshan as the island's administrative capital. In 1988, Haikou
Haikou
was made a prefecture-level city as well as the capital of the newly created Hainan
Hainan
Province.

Haikou
Haikou
old town contains the oldest buildings in the city and was largely built by wealthy Chinese from the mainland and some "overseas Chinese" who had returned to their homeland. The houses are a mixture of styles including Portuguese , French , and Southeast Asian. The streets used to be divided into different areas selling Chinese and western medicine, for silk and bespoke clothes, one for fresh fish and meat, and others for the sale of incense, candles, paper, ink, and other goods.

Various projects are currently under discussion to decide the best way to restore and preserve these historical buildings.

GEOGRAPHY

Haikou
Haikou
city map

Haikou
Haikou
is situated on the north coast of Hainan
Hainan
Island, by Haikou
Haikou
Bay , facing the Leizhou Peninsula across the Qiongzhou Strait that stretches west from Beibu Bay near Vietnam
Vietnam
to the James Shoal bordering the South China
China
Sea to the west. Most of the city is almost completely flat and only a few metres above sea level. It has an area of 2,304.84 km2 (889.90 sq mi).

The northern part of Haikou
Haikou
City, the district of Haidian Island , is separated from the main part of Haikou
Haikou
by the Haidian River, a tributary of the Nandu River . The district is accessed by one of four bridges, the largest being Haikou Century Bridge , which connects the Guomao district with Haidian Island at the estuary of the Haidian River. From east to west the remaining three road connections are provided by the Renmin, Heping and Xinbu Bridges.

CLIMATE

_Further information: Hainan#Annual fog _

Haikou
Haikou
is on the northern edge of the torrid zone , and is part of the Intertropical Convergence Zone . April to October is the active period for tropical storms and typhoons, most of which occur between August and September. May to October is the rainy season with the heaviest rainfall occurring in September. Despite its location, the city has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen _Cwa_), falling just short of a tropical climate , with strong monsoonal influences. Nevertheless, the area has hot summers and warm winters, usually with high humidity. Extremes temperatures have ranged from 2.8 to 39.6 °C (37 to 103 °F) From June to October torrential rains may occur, with 7.0 days annually receiving at least 50 mm (1.97 in) of rain; this period accounts for nearly 70 percent of the annual rainfall of 1,650 mm (65 in). With monthly percentage of possible sunshine ranging from 31% in February to 61% in July, the city receives 2,070 hours of bright sunshine annually.

CLIMATE DATA FOR HAIKOU (NORMALS 1971–2000, EXTREMES 1961–2000)

MONTH JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP OCT NOV DEC YEAR

RECORD HIGH °C (°F) 33.5 (92.3) 37.2 (99) 38.1 (100.6) 38.4 (101.1) 38.7 (101.7) 38.4 (101.1) 38.4 (101.1) 37.0 (98.6) 36.0 (96.8) 34.5 (94.1) 34.7 (94.5) 31.5 (88.7) 39.6 (103.3)

AVERAGE HIGH °C (°F) 21.0 (69.8) 22.3 (72.1) 26.0 (78.8) 29.7 (85.5) 31.9 (89.4) 32.9 (91.2) 33.1 (91.6) 32.3 (90.1) 30.7 (87.3) 28.4 (83.1) 25.1 (77.2) 22.0 (71.6) 28.0 (82.3)

DAILY MEAN °C (°F) 17.7 (63.9) 18.7 (65.7) 21.8 (71.2) 25.2 (77.4) 27.4 (81.3) 28.5 (83.3) 28.6 (83.5) 28.1 (82.6) 27.2 (81) 25.3 (77.5) 22.3 (72.1) 19.0 (66.2) 24.15 (75.48)

AVERAGE LOW °C (°F) 15.4 (59.7) 16.4 (61.5) 19.1 (66.4) 22.4 (72.3) 24.5 (76.1) 25.5 (77.9) 25.5 (77.9) 25.3 (77.5) 24.6 (76.3) 22.9 (73.2) 19.9 (67.8) 16.7 (62.1) 21.5 (70.7)

RECORD LOW °C (°F) 3.2 (37.8) 6.5 (43.7) 6.4 (43.5) 9.8 (49.6) 16.3 (61.3) 21.2 (70.2) 21.3 (70.3) 21.7 (71.1) 17.5 (63.5) 15.5 (59.9) 10.0 (50) 5.3 (41.5) 2.8 (37)

AVERAGE RAINFALL MM (INCHES) 19.5 (0.768) 35.0 (1.378) 50.6 (1.992) 100.2 (3.945) 181.4 (7.142) 227.0 (8.937) 218.1 (8.587) 235.6 (9.276) 244.1 (9.61) 224.4 (8.835) 81.3 (3.201) 34.9 (1.374) 1,652.1 (65.045)

AVERAGE RAINY DAYS (≥ 0.1 MM) 8.4 10.6 10.1 11.5 16.5 16.0 15.0 14.9 14.3 12.5 7.9 7.3 145.0

AVERAGE RELATIVE HUMIDITY (%) 86 88 86 85 84 83 82 85 85 83 80 81 84.0

MEAN MONTHLY SUNSHINE HOURS 109.1 98.7 137.3 167.9 218.1 222.8 251.3 217.7 193.8 176.7 144.8 131.3 2,069.5

PERCENT POSSIBLE SUNSHINE 32 31 37 45 54 56 61 55 53 49 43 39 47

Source: China
China
Meteorological Administration, all-time extreme temperature

ENVIRONMENT

As of 2012 , Haikou
Haikou
has the second best air quality among major cities nationally, preceded only by Lhasa
Lhasa
, Tibet
Tibet
. However, since approximately 2009, due to an increase in the number of automobiles, there has been worsening air pollution.

According to the 2005 statistical book issued by the National Bureau of Statistics, Haikou
Haikou
scored the highest among China's main cities in air quality , with 366 days (2004) of ambient air quality equal to or above grade II, with only 0.033 milligrams/m2 of particulate matter (the least of all main cities), 0.003 milligrams/m2 of sulphur dioxide (only Lhasa
Lhasa
had less), and 0.013 milligrams/m2 of nitrogen dioxide (the least of all main cities).

In 1995, the Haikou
Haikou
city government began an initiative to improve the quality of life for its residents. With the approval of the World Health Organization , and Ministry of Health , a ten-point plan was undertaken to address such issues as:

* Community health care * Vaccinations for children * Waste recycling * Green belts and urban trees * Environmentally friendly construction * Public toilets (These are available throughout the city, are staffed, and well maintained.) * Sewage treatment * Communications
Communications
* Noise pollution

The groundwater is of international standard , and is classified as mineral water .

By 2004, the city had established 43 new community health service centers reaching 85 percent of the population. The initiative has increased the size of Haikou's green spaces to 2,000 hectares , with trees lining 40 percent of its roads. Noise pollution has dropped from 61.1db to 58.2db. 300 public toilets have been built. All industrial effluents, industrial waste water and solid waste, and all live sewage , is now processed through centralized treatment centers, and is disposed of without environmental impact . These improvements and others have increased life expectancy in Haikou
Haikou
to 78.26 years.

Haikou
Haikou
city has also built 163 model ecological villages. Now, over 200,000 villagers in 933 villages have tap water in their homes.

Comprehensive City-improvement Campaign

During 2015 and 2016, large-scale city improvements have taken place as part of a province-wide initiative called 双创 ("double create"). It is described by government sources as a campaign to create a cleaner city and create a more civilized city. It is focused on traffic and commerce, but has also improved the overall appearance of the city, tackling air pollution from industry emissions, aiming to ensure the safety of drinking water sources, improving public security in such places as hospitals, schools, malls, and visitor attractions. Details of these improvements include:

* Traffic: Many new street crossings with traffic lights were installed around the city to improve two-wheel vehicles (consisting mainly of electric motorbikes) and pedestrian travel. Throughout the city, teams of police have been stationed at major intersections to ensure that two-wheel vehicles obey the law. Although there are many side lanes for these bikes, the actual pedestrian sidewalks serve as legal, one-way routes. Police at intersections stop vehicles either going the wrong way, or running red lights. Offenders may be forced to wear a red sash, stop other offenders, and lecture them. * Commerce: Around August 2015, teams of officers physically removed nearly all illegal structures used for business in the city (a province-wide campaign). These structures were commonly made of corrugated metal or cinderblocks and were shop extensions or simply unused space that had been built upon. Street vendors were banned (most of whom sold vegetables or fruit), as was the night operation of roadside BBQ sites and the placement of tables onto the sidewalks by restaurants. These night time food operations were once common throughout the city. * Roads and sidewalks: Many small roads have been repaved including narrow lanes in old neighbourhoods. Also, many sidewalks have been upgraded with new brick. Bricks are used as sidewalk material in Haikou
Haikou
because of the large amount of ficus trees, the roots of which deform the surrounding sidewalk. * Demolition and reconstruction: A number of entire neighbourhoods within the city have been, and are being, entirely demolished with new buildings and roads being built.

WATER AND SEWAGE TREATMENT

The treatment of Haikou's wastewater, and the supply of tap water is operated by the French company Veolia Water . The partial privatization agreement gives 49 percent ownership to Veolia Water in a 30-year joint venture with Haikou
Haikou
Water Group.

DEMOGRAPHICS

According to the 2010 Census , the prefecture-level city of Haikou has a registered population of 2,046,189 inhabitants, 537,848 more than the population declared on the past census in 2000. The average annual population growth during the period 2000–2010 was of 3.1 percent. Most of the population of Haikou
Haikou
are Han Chinese (around 97.75 percent, according to the 2010 Census).

SUBDIVISIONS

DISTRICTS

Haikou
Haikou
is divided in four districts. The information here presented uses 2010 Census data.

MAP

LONGHUA XIUYING QIONGSHAN MEILAN

DISTRICT SIMPLIFIED CHINESE HANYU PINYIN AREA (KM²) Population (2010) DENSITY (/KM²)

Longhua 龙华区 Lónghuá Qū 275 593,018 2,156

Xiuying 秀英区 Xiùyīng Qū 512 349,544 683

Qiongshan 琼山区 Qióngshān Qū 940 479,960 511

Meilan 美兰区 Měilán Qū 553 623,667 1128

NEIGHBOURHOODS

There are several distinct neighborhoods within the city, including:

Guomao

Guomao is a relatively affluent area located on the coast between Longquan Road to the east running west for more than one kilometre. The west part of this area has experienced substantial development since about 2007, and now contains dozens of newly built high-rise residential apartment buildings. Shopping street in Bo'ai Lu area (French colonial district)

Bo\'ai Road

Main article: Bo\'ai Road area

This historical area is located on the south side of the Haidian River, at the northern part of mainland Haikou. Much of the area comprises arcade style, dilapidated buildings with European fusion-type architectural facades with Indian and Arabic influences. The buildings are almost all painted white, and are usually no more than a few storeys tall. The eastern part of the area is mainly residential. The western part contains hubs for such items as exotic foods, pets, and fabrics. The building facades and roads have been restored in most of the area, Zhongshan
Zhongshan
Road being the most notable.

Hainan
Hainan
University Area

Located on Haidian Island , this area comprises the entire portion of the island west of its main north/south road, Renmin Dadao. It appears similar to a typical student ghetto , containing many small, inexpensive food stands and restaurants.

Haikou
Haikou
West Coast

A new neighbourhood is under development in Xiuying District south of Hainan
Hainan
International Convention And Exhibition Center and around seven km west of Haikou
Haikou
downtown. A number of government offices have moved there and numerous residential apartment complexes are being built.

PARKS AND RECREATIONAL AREAS

The ferris wheel at Baishamen Park
Baishamen Park
Main article: List of parks in Haikou
Haikou

* Evergreen Park is a 71.3 hectare park located on Binhai Road about 200 m west of the southern foot of Haikou
Haikou
Century Bridge. It is the largest park in Haikou, containing approximately ten thousand coconut trees and several hundred species of South Asian ornamental plants, however, most of the park consists of grassy fields. * Baishamen Park
Baishamen Park
(White Sand Gate Park) was created in 2010 and is located on the north shore of Haidian Island. The park contains a small amusement park, and consists mostly of grass fields, with little tree cover. * Golden Bull Mountain Ridge Park (Jinniuling Park) includes a small zoo, a lake, diverse flora, and a high percentage of forest areas, including a large bamboo forest. It is located on Haixiu Road, west of Longquan Road, the main north-south avenue in Haikou. * Binhai Park is located east of Evergreen Park. There is a bougainvillea hybrid exhibition held each year. This park has a small lake and building used for community purposes in the middle. * Haikou
Haikou
People\'s Park is a recently refurbished park located in the downtown area on Haixiu Road next to East Lake. The park draws large numbers of people each morning who engage in exercises, predominantly tai chi , fitness dancing , and aerobics. * Hainan
Hainan
International Friendship Park is planned to occupy 180,000 square metres (1,900,000 sq ft) of land, with a length of over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft). * Hongcheng Lake (红城湖) is one of the largest water bodies in the city being around equal in size to the lake at Golden Bull Mountain Ridge Park. It has three islands, the largest of which contains a defunct hotel. The lake is a popular location for fishermen. At night, hawker stalls are set up along the roadsides for tourists and locals to drink and dine. * Holiday Beach is a 7 kilometres (4.3 miles)-long beach and visitor attraction adjacent to the west side of Haikou. * Dongzhai Port Nature Reserve lies some 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) south east of Haikou
Haikou
and was the first protected mangrove forest zone in China.

OTHER NOTABLE LOCATIONS

* Zhongjie Road (忠介路), a shopping street with a long history * Jiefang East Road, a busy shopping street located west of the Bo'ai Road area * Haikou Tower is an under-construction supertall skyscraper on Guoxing Avenue. The tallest of the 10-building ensemble will be 428 metres (1,404 ft).

ECONOMY

The new International Tourism and Central Business District on Guoxing Road

The GDP per capita was $3,573 USD in 2008, ranked number 43 among 659 Chinese cities. In 2011, the city's GDP reached 71.3 billion yuan, amounting to about 30 percent of the province's total.

Haikou
Haikou
exports substantial quantities of agricultural produce and livestock. There is a small amount of industry, including canning , textiles , rice hulling, and light engineering.

The "International Tourism and Central Business District" is under construction on the west part of Guoxing Road. The road was once only home to government buildings. Starting around 2011, HNA and other groups began erecting office buildings. Also located at the western end of Guoxing is the HNA Building , the headquarters of Hainan Airlines .

Near the southern end of Haikou, automotive manufacturer, Haima Automobile has its global headquarters.

The Haikou
Haikou
Free Trade Zone ( Haikou
Haikou
FTZ) (海口保税区) is a state-level, 1.93 square kilometer area located between Nanhai Road and Yehai Road. It was approved on October 21, 1992 by the State Council.

EDUCATION

See also: List of universities and colleges in Hainan
Hainan
Hainan University just inside the north gate.

Several major educational institutions are located in Haikou:

* Hainan
Hainan
University has its main campus on Haikou's Haidian Island , with the South China
China
Tropical Agricultural University, now part of the university, located in the southern part of the city. * Hainan
Hainan
Normal University is the oldest institution for higher learning. It has an enrolment of more than 20,000, including approximately 200 foreigner students, and has recently constructed a new campus in Guilinyang , just outside Haikou. * Hainan
Hainan
Medical College , founded in 1993, offers degrees in medicine. It is located in the southern part of the city. * Qiongzhou University is located in Qiongshan District . * Haikou College of Economics , located by Guoxing Road, with a new campus in Guilinyang. * Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Sciences is located across the road from Hainan
Hainan
Medical College. * Hainan
Hainan
Middle School is considered one of the most prestigious middle schools in Hainan. Its main gate is located a few metres from the east gate of Hainan
Hainan
Normal University.

TRANSPORTATION

* Main transportation hubs in Haikou: * A: Haikou Port New Seaport * B: South Port * C: Haikou Railway Station * D: Haikou Xiuying Port * E: Haikou New Port * F: Haikou
Haikou
South Station (main bus station) * G: Haikou East Railway Station * H: Haikou Meilan International Airport

URBAN

Haikou
Haikou
has an extensive urban bus service. Standard fare is 1 yuan, with no bus pass, ticket, or transfer system in place. Urban minibuses operated prior to 2009, but have since been phased-out. Taxi automobiles and electric motorbikes operate throughout the city. During 2009–2010, petrol-fueled motorbike taxis were banned and seized by police at numerous checkpoints within the city.

Haikou
Haikou
has experienced a substantial increase in cars since the early 2000s. Traffic on main streets, once light, is now similar to other major cities, with rush hour problems that have prompted the city to expand several main roads and build a new elevated road from the west end of Guoxing Road to new developments west of Holiday Beach.

Many main roads in the city have a side lane, separated by a median, for two-wheeled vehicles.

Physical barriers were installed on many of the main two-way streets throughout the city in order to separate opposing lanes. These were installed for safety reasons to prevent pedestrians from crossing the streets at locations other than intersections.

Roundabouts are not prevalent in Haikou, being used mainly on Hai Xiu road, and a few other locations.

Traffic cameras are used at many main intersections in the city, with tickets being issued by post for traffic light infractions.

There is one tunnel in the city, the Qiaozhong Road Tunnel .

SHARED BICYCLES

A Haikou
Haikou
Public Bicycle System station.

The Haikou
Haikou
Public Bicycle System has about 20,000 bicycles. A pre-paid swipe card system is used to gain access to them. Starting on January 24, 2017 privately run app -based "dockless" shared bikes came into service. By April, there were about 40,000 of these types of bikes available. Ofo , Mobike , and "Quick to" all cost 2 RMB per hour. Ofo and "Quick to" bikes have tires with tubes, meaning many are left around the city with flat tires. The Haikou
Haikou
Public Bicycle System has installed a number of new, more modern bikes with tires that cannot be punctured. Part of Mobike's fleet also uses these types of tires.

AIR

Haikou
Haikou
is served by Haikou Meilan International Airport (IATA: HAK, ICAO: ZJHK), which is located 25 km (16 mi) from the city.

In January 2011, Haikou
Haikou
was selected to be the first test site for an experiment allowing private helicopter flight in China.

INTERCITY HIGHWAYS

Three main highways connect Haikou
Haikou
to other parts of Hainan, running east, west, and south through the middle of the province. The Haiwen expressway connects the city with Wenchang
Wenchang
to the southeast.

RAIL

Haikou East Railway Station

A railway links Haikou
Haikou
to the mainland. A ferry service transports the railway cars, along with other motor vehicles across the strait.

The Hainan
Hainan
East Ring Railway links Haikou
Haikou
and Sanya . There are 15 stations in between, either in operation or still under construction. Trains are designed to travel at 250 km/h (155 mph). Travel time from Haikou
Haikou
to Sanya is approximately 1 hour and 22 minutes. The main station in Haikou
Haikou
is Haikou
Haikou
East Railway Station (东环铁路海口东站) located near the southern end of Long Quan Road.

An announcement was made in December 2010, that another high-speed railway will be built along the west coast of Hainan
Hainan
connecting with the Hainan
Hainan
Eastern Ring Railway.

SEAPORTS

Haikou Xiuying Port

Haikou
Haikou
has four seaports for passenger and cargo service. Haikou
Haikou
New Port , formerly known as the Inner Harbour, is located on the southern side of the mouth of the Haidian River . Approximately 7 km (4 mi) west of Haikou New Port is Haikou Xiuying Port . This port is considerably larger, and is the main distribution centre for cargo entering Hainan. It is also a major port for immigration onto Hainan Island. Around 20 km (12 mi) west of downtown Haikou
Haikou
are South Port and Haikou Port New Seaport .

ARTS AND CULTURE

Haikou City Stadium

Several large public buildings now occupy Guoxing Road, the new area for arts and culture. These include the Hainan
Hainan
Provincial Museum , the Hainan
Hainan
Provincial Library , and the Hainan
Hainan
Centre for the Performing Arts . These are all located near to one another on the south side of the road, west of Haikou College of Economics , Haikou
Haikou
campus.

At the west side of Evergreen Park is the Haikou
Haikou
Great Hall of the People , a concert hall, and Hainan
Hainan
Exhibition ">

A view south from Bin Hai road *

Haikou Century Bridge connecting Haidian Island over the Haidian River *

Hainan
Hainan
Provincial Library *

Hainan
Hainan
Provincial Museum *

A view east from Evergreen Park area *

The customs building

SEE ALSO

* China
China
portal

* List of twin towns and sister cities in China
China

REFERENCES

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China
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Haikou
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Haikou
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Haikou
Living ~ \'drs2biz\'". Drs2biz.wordpress.com. 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2011-12-27. * ^ Haikou
Haikou
Parks * ^ Hainan
Hainan
to build International Friendship Park in Haikou
Haikou
– What\'s On Sanya * ^ Zhao, Zhang. " Haikou
Haikou
promotes projects for international fair". _chinadaily.com.cn_. ChinaDaily. Retrieved 2014-06-18. * ^ "Contact Us." Hainan
Hainan
Airlines. Retrieved on October 3, 2009. * ^ " Haikou
Haikou
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China
Loosens the Screws on a Toehold of Its Airspace Flying Magazine The World’s Most Widely Read Aviation Magazine * ^ " Haikou
Haikou
travel guide". _https://www.travelchinaguide.com_. Travel China
China
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China
Province". China.org.cn. 2003-03-22. Retrieved 2010-10-18. * ^ "Surf’s up for Hainan
Hainan
island". TTGmice. Retrieved 15 April 2013. * ^ "THE WESTIN HAIKOU – OPENING SEPTEMBER 28, 2013". Westin. Retrieved 15 April 2013. * ^ "Silver Seas - Brochure and Press release". China
China
merchants group. Missing or empty url= (help ); access-date= requires url= (help )

EXTERNAL LINKS

_ Wikimedia Commons has media related to HAIKOU _.

_ Wikivoyage has a travel guide for HAIKOU _.

* Haikou
Haikou
Government * Haikou
Haikou
Government (in simplified Chinese) * Detailed information about Haikou * Haikou
Haikou
Free Trade Zone * Haikou
Haikou
Free Trade Zone map

.