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HAGEN (German pronunciation: ( listen )) is the 41st-largest city in Germany
Germany
. The municipality is located in the state of North Rhine- Westphalia
Westphalia
. It is located on the south eastern edge of the Ruhr area , 15 km south of Dortmund
Dortmund
, where the rivers Lenne and Volme (met by the river Ennepe ) meet the river Ruhr
Ruhr
. As of 31 December 2010, the population was 188,529. The city is home to the FernUniversität Hagen
Hagen
, which is the only state funded distance education university in Germany. Counting more than 67,000 students (March 2010), it is the largest university in Germany.

CONTENTS

* 1 History * 2 Economy * 3 Education * 4 Attractions * 5 Boroughs * 6 Demographics * 7 Lord mayors * 8 Traffic * 9 Sport * 10 International relations * 11 Personalities * 12 See also * 13 References * 14 External links

HISTORY

Hengsteysee

Hagen
Hagen
was first mentioned c.1200, presumably the name of a farm at the junction of the Volme and the Ennepe. After the conquest of Burg Volmarstein in 1324, Hagen
Hagen
passed to the County of Mark . In 1614 it was awarded to the Margraviate of Brandenburg
Margraviate of Brandenburg
according to the Treaty of Xanten . In 1701 it became part of the Kingdom of Prussia
Kingdom of Prussia
.

After the defeat of Prussia in the Fourth Coalition , Hagen
Hagen
was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Berg
Grand Duchy of Berg
from 1807–13. In 1815 it became part of the new Prussian Province of Westphalia
Province of Westphalia
.

The growth of the city began in the 19th century with the mining of coal and the production of steel in the Ruhr Area
Ruhr Area
. Hagen
Hagen
was the scene of fighting during the Ruhr Uprising , 13 March - 2 April 1920 and has a monument to the Ruhr Red Army .

In 1928, Hagen
Hagen
developed into a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants.

During World War II
World War II
, Hagen
Hagen
was bombed repeatedly, by both the Royal Air Force and the Eighth Air Force . On the night of 1 October 1943, 243 Lancasters and 8 Mosquitoes from the Royal Air Force
Royal Air Force
's Bomber Command attacked the city. According to the Bomber Command Campaign Diary, "This raid was a complete success achieved on a completely cloud-covered target of small size, with only a moderate bomber effort and at trifling cost." Hagen
Hagen
sustained severe damage from that raid, and hundreds of civilians were killed . Allied bombing destroyed 57% of the built up area of the city.

After World War II, the town became part of the new state of North Rhine- Westphalia
Westphalia
.

ECONOMY

Owing to the extensive use of water power along the rivers Ruhr, Lenne, Volme and Ennepe, metal processing played an important role in the region of Hagen
Hagen
in and even before the 15th century. In the 17th and 18th century, textile and steel industries as well as paper production followed.

Hagen
Hagen
is the home of the Suedwestfaelische Industrie- und Handelskammer, as well as Sparkasse Hagen , the local municipal savings bank . The bank's former headquarters, the Sparkasse Hagen tower , was a regional landmark until its demolition in 2004.

The city is heavily indebted and in the process of cutting city services in order to balance its budget.

EDUCATION

One of the five branches of South Westphalia
Westphalia
University of Applied Sciences is located in the city (also: Fachhochschule Südwestfalen (FH SWF)) which offers various engineering programmes.The inception of this institution in the city dates back to 1824.

ATTRACTIONS

Hagen
Hagen
is home to the LWL-Freilichtmuseum Hagen, or Hagen
Hagen
Westphalian Open-Air Museum , a collection of historic industrial facilities where trades such as printing, brewing, smithing, milling, and many others are represented not simply as static displays, but as living, working operations that visitors may in some cases even be invited to participate in. It is located near the Hagen
Hagen
community of Eilpe . The Historisches Centrum Hagen includes the city museum and Werdringen castle. In the Blätterhöhle cave in Hagen
Hagen
the oldest fossils of modern people in Westphalia
Westphalia
and the Ruhr
Ruhr
were found. Some date back to the early Mesolithic
Mesolithic
, 10,700 years B.C. It seems that the descendants of Mesolithic
Mesolithic
people in this area maintained a foraging lifestyle for more than 2000 years after the arrival of farming societies. Panoramic view of Hagen
Hagen
(taken from urban forest of Hagen)

BOROUGHS

Half-timbered houses "Lange Riege" (17th century)

BOROUGH Population Oct 2007 Area in km²

Hagen-Mitte 78.952 20,5

Hagen-Nord 38.451 29,6

Hagen-Haspe 30.360 22,2

Hagen-Eilpe / Hagen-Dahl 17.148 51,1

Hagen-Hohenlimburg 31.306 37,0

some localities of Hagen:

* Hagen-Dahl * Hagen-Emst * Hagen-Priorei * Hagen-Rummenohl * Hagen-Halden

DEMOGRAPHICS

The following table shows the largest foreign resident groups in the city of Hagen.

RANK NATIONALITY POPULATION (2017)

1 Turkey
Turkey
7,499

2 Italy
Italy
3,603

3 Greece
Greece
3,217

4 Romania
Romania
2,593

5 Poland
Poland
2,541

6 Portugal
Portugal
1,131

LORD MAYORS

* 1946–1956: Fritz Steinhoff (SPD) * 1956–1963: Helmut Turck (SPD) * 1963–1964: Fritz Steinhoff (SPD) * 1964–1971: Lothar Wrede (SPD) * 1971–1989: Rudolf Loskand (SPD) * 1989: Renate Löchter (SPD) * 1989–1999: Dietmar Thieser (SPD) * 1999–2004: Wilfried Horn (CDU) * 2004–2009: Peter Demnitz (SPD) * 2009–2014: Jörg Dehm (CDU) * since 2014: Erik O. Schulz (independent)

TRAFFIC

Shunting yard Hagen-Vorhalle

The Autobahnen A1 , A45 and A46 touch Hagen.

Hagen
Hagen
has been an important rail junction for the southeastern Ruhr valley since the first rail line opened in 1848. The shunting yard of Hagen-Vorhalle is among Germany's largest, and the central station offers connections to the ICE network of Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
as well as to local and S-Bahn services. Since December 2005, Hagen
Hagen
has also been the starting point for a new service into Essen
Essen
, operated by Abellio Deutschland .

Local traffic is handled by Hagener Straßenbahn ( Hagen
Hagen
Tramways), which, despite its name, offers only bus services, as the last tramway route in Hagen
Hagen
was abandoned in May 1976. All local rail and bus services operate under the transport association VRR .

SPORT

The German Basketball Federation (DBB) is based in Hagen
Hagen

Sport clubs in Hagen:

* TSV Hagen
Hagen
1860 - largest club (multiple fistball champions) * SSV Hagen (1974 basketball champions), later known as Brandt Hagen

* Phoenix Hagen , Basketball Bundesliga - ENERVIE Arena im Sportpark Ischeland * Hasper SV * Hohenlimburger SV (multiple women water polo champions)

INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany
Germany

Hagen
Hagen
is twinned with the following towns:

* - Ełk ( Poland
Poland
), since 1955 * - Liévin ( France
France
), since 1960 * - Kouvola ( Finland
Finland
), since 1963 * - Montluçon ( France
France
), since 1965

* - Steglitz-Zehlendorf , Berlin
Berlin
( Germany
Germany
), since 1967 * - Bruck an der Mur
Bruck an der Mur
( Austria
Austria
), since 1975 * - Smolensk
Smolensk
( Russia
Russia
), since 1985 * - Modi\'in-Maccabim-Re\'ut ( Israel
Israel
), since 1997

PERSONALITIES

Karl Ernst Osthaus 1902 Friedrich Harkort around 1820

* Friedrich Harkort (1793-1880), railway and industrial pioneer and politician (German Progressive Party) * Georg von Vincke
Georg von Vincke
(1811-1875), politician * Sir Karl Halle , also known as Sir Charles Hallé (1819-1895), pianist, composer and orchestra conductor * Eugen Richter (1838-1906), politician (German Progressive Party) * Wilhelm Böing (born 1846 in Hagen-Hohenlimburg ), father of William Boeing
William Boeing
, founder of the Boeing
Boeing
aviation company. * Karl Ernst Osthaus (1874–1921), banker and patron of avant-garde art and architecture * Will Lammert (1892-1957), sculptor * Hansheinrich Dransmann (1894-1964), conductor, composer * Franz Bronstert (1895–1967), painter * Fritz Steinhoff (1897-1969), politician (SPD) * Heinrich Brocksieper (1898-1968), painter and photographer, experimental filmmaker and former Bauhaus
Bauhaus
student * Hans Nieland (1900-1976), politician (NSDAP) * Hugo Paul (1905-1962), politician (KPD) * Ernst Meister (1911-1979), lyricist, radio playwright, narrator and theater author * Emil Schumacher (1912-1999), painter (abstract art) * Artur Axmann (1913-1996), politician (NSDAP) and Reichsjugendführer * Herbert Reinecker (1914-2007), writer and screenwriter * Nicholas Rescher (1928- ), American philosopher * Freddy Breck (1942-2008), percussionist * Hans Reichel (1949-2011), guitarist, violinist, instrument maker and typographer * Annette Humpe
Annette Humpe
(1950-) music producer, singer of the bands Ideal and Ich + Ich * Nena
Nena
(Gabriele Susanne Kerner) (1960-), pop singer * Antje Vowinckel (1964- ), sound artist, radio artist and musician. * Mousse T. (Mustafa Gündogdu) (1966-), DJ, musician, remixer and producer * Mambo Kurt (Rainer Limpinsel) (1967-), musician and solo entertainer * Barbara Morgenstern (1971-), musician * Claus Jacobi (1971-), politician (SPD), mayor of Gevelsberg * Henning Wehn (1974-), comedian * Jan-Ole Gerster (1978-), film director and screenwriter * Bettina Hauert (1982-), professional golfer * René Eidams (1989-), darts player

SEE ALSO

* Accumulatoren-Fabrik AFA * Wippermann jr GmbH

REFERENCES

* ^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016. * ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2010-10-12. * ^ http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/education/worldwar2/theatres-of-war/western-europe/investigation/hamburg/sources/docs/6/ * ^ 2000 Years of Parallel Societies in Stone Age Central Europe. Ruth Bollongino, Olaf Nehlich, Michael P. Richards, Jörg Orschiedt, Mark G. Thomas, Christian Sell, Zuzana Fajkošová, Adam Powell, Joachim Burger. Science. Published Online October 10, 2013. DOI: 10.1126/science.1245049 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/10/09/science.1245049 * ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2013". Westfalenpost. Retrieved 2016-04-23.

EXTERNAL LINKS

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