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Hagen
Hagen
(German pronunciation: [ˈhaːɡn̩] ( listen)) is the 41st-largest city in Germany. The municipality is located in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia. It is located on the south eastern edge of the Ruhr
Ruhr
area, 15 km south of Dortmund, where the rivers Lenne and Volme
Volme
(met by the river Ennepe) meet the river Ruhr. As of 31 December 2010, the population was 188,529. The city is home to the FernUniversität Hagen, which is the only state funded distance education university in Germany. Counting more than 67,000 students (March 2010), it is the largest university in Germany.[2]

Contents

1 History 2 Economy 3 Education 4 Attractions 5 Boroughs 6 Demographics 7 Lord mayors 8 Traffic 9 Sport 10 International relations 11 Personalities 12 See also 13 References 14 External links

History[edit]

Hengsteysee

Hagen
Hagen
was first mentioned c.1200, presumably the name of a farm at the junction of the Volme
Volme
and the Ennepe. After the conquest of Burg Volmarstein in 1324, Hagen
Hagen
passed to the County of Mark. In 1614 it was awarded to the Margraviate of Brandenburg
Margraviate of Brandenburg
according to the Treaty of Xanten. In 1701 it became part of the Kingdom of Prussia. After the defeat of Prussia in the Fourth Coalition, Hagen
Hagen
was incorporated into the Grand Duchy of Berg
Grand Duchy of Berg
from 1807–13. In 1815 it became part of the new Prussian Province of Westphalia. The growth of the city began in the 19th century with the mining of coal and the production of steel in the Ruhr
Ruhr
Area. Hagen
Hagen
was the scene of fighting during the Ruhr
Ruhr
Uprising, 13 March - 2 April 1920 and has a monument to the Ruhr
Ruhr
Red Army.[citation needed] In 1928, Hagen
Hagen
developed into a city of more than 100,000 inhabitants.[citation needed] During World War II, Hagen
Hagen
was bombed repeatedly, by both the Royal Air Force and the Eighth Air Force. On the night of 1 October 1943, 243 Lancasters and 8 Mosquitoes from the Royal Air Force's Bomber Command attacked the city. According to the Bomber Command Campaign Diary, "This raid was a complete success achieved on a completely cloud-covered target of small size, with only a moderate bomber effort and at trifling cost."[citation needed] Hagen
Hagen
sustained severe damage from that raid, and hundreds of civilians were killed. After World War II, the town became part of the new state of North Rhine-Westphalia.[citation needed] Economy[edit] Owing to the extensive use of water power along the rivers Ruhr, Lenne, Volme
Volme
and Ennepe, metal processing played an important role in the region of Hagen
Hagen
in and even before the 15th century.[citation needed] In the 17th and 18th century, textile and steel industries as well as paper production followed.[citation needed] Hagen
Hagen
is the home of the Suedwestfaelische Industrie- und Handelskammer, as well as Sparkasse Hagen, the local municipal savings bank. The bank's former headquarters, the Sparkasse Hagen tower, was a regional landmark until its demolition in 2004.[citation needed] The city is heavily indebted and in the process of cutting city services in order to balance its budget.[citation needed] Education[edit] One of the five branches of South Westphalia
Westphalia
University of Applied Sciences is located in the city (also: Fachhochschule Südwestfalen (FH SWF)) which offers various engineering programmes. The inception of this institution in the city dates back to 1824. Attractions[edit] Hagen
Hagen
is home to the LWL-Freilichtmuseum Hagen, or Hagen
Hagen
Westphalian Open-Air Museum, a collection of historic industrial facilities where trades such as printing, brewing, smithing, milling, and many others are represented not simply as static displays, but as living, working operations that visitors may in some cases even be invited to participate in. It is located near the Hagen
Hagen
community of Eilpe. The Historisches Centrum Hagen
Historisches Centrum Hagen
includes the city museum and Werdringen castle. In the Blätterhöhle cave in Hagen
Hagen
the oldest fossils of modern people in Westphalia
Westphalia
and the Ruhr
Ruhr
were found. Some date back to the early Mesolithic, 10,700 years B.C. It seems that the descendants of Mesolithic
Mesolithic
people in this area maintained a foraging lifestyle for more than 2000 years after the arrival of farming societies.[3]

Panoramic view of Hagen
Hagen
(taken from urban forest of Hagen)

Boroughs[edit]

Half-timbered houses "Lange Riege" (17th century)

Borough Population Oct 2007 Area in km²

Hagen-Mitte 78.952 20.5

Hagen-Nord 38.451 29.6

Hagen-Haspe 30.360 22.2

Hagen-Eilpe/Hagen-Dahl 17.148 51.1

Hagen-Hohenlimburg 31.306 37.0

some localities of Hagen:

Hagen-Dahl Hagen-Emst Hagen-Priorei Hagen-Rummenohl Hagen-Halden

Demographics[edit] The following table shows the largest foreign resident groups in the city of Hagen.[4]

Rank Nationality Population (2017)

1  Turkey 7,499

2  Italy 3,603

3  Greece 3,217

4  Romania 2,593

5  Poland 2,541

6  Portugal 1,131

Lord mayors[edit]

1946–1956: Fritz Steinhoff
Fritz Steinhoff
(SPD) 1956–1963: Helmut Turck (SPD) 1963–1964: Fritz Steinhoff
Fritz Steinhoff
(SPD) 1964–1971: Lothar Wrede (SPD) 1971–1989: Rudolf Loskand (SPD) 1989: Renate Löchter (SPD) 1989–1999: Dietmar Thieser (SPD) 1999–2004: Wilfried Horn (CDU) 2004–2009: Peter Demnitz (SPD) 2009–2014: Jörg Dehm (CDU) since 2014: Erik O. Schulz (independent)

Traffic[edit]

Shunting yard Hagen-Vorhalle

The Autobahnen A1, A45 and A46 touch Hagen. Hagen
Hagen
has been an important rail junction for the southeastern Ruhr valley since the first rail line opened in 1848. The shunting yard of Hagen-Vorhalle is among Germany's largest, and the central station offers connections to the ICE network of Deutsche Bahn
Deutsche Bahn
as well as to local and S-Bahn
S-Bahn
services. Since December 2005, Hagen
Hagen
has also been the starting point for a new service into Essen, operated by Abellio Deutschland. Local traffic is handled by Hagener Straßenbahn ( Hagen
Hagen
Tramways), which, despite its name, offers only bus services, as the last tramway route in Hagen
Hagen
was abandoned in May 1976. All local rail and bus services operate under the transport association VRR. Sport[edit] The German Basketball Federation (DBB) is based in Hagen Sport clubs in Hagen:

TSV Hagen
Hagen
1860 - largest club (multiple fistball champions) SSV Hagen
SSV Hagen
(1974 basketball champions), later known as Brandt Hagen Phoenix Hagen, Basketball Bundesliga
Basketball Bundesliga
- ENERVIE Arena im Sportpark Ischeland Hasper SV Hohenlimburger SV (multiple women water polo champions)

International relations[edit] See also: List of twin towns and sister cities in Germany Hagen
Hagen
is twinned with the following towns:

- Ełk
Ełk
(Poland), since 1955 - Liévin
Liévin
(France), since 1960 - Kouvola
Kouvola
(Finland), since 1963 - Montluçon
Montluçon
(France), since 1965

- Steglitz-Zehlendorf, Berlin
Berlin
(Germany), since 1967 - Bruck an der Mur
Bruck an der Mur
(Austria), since 1975 - Smolensk
Smolensk
(Russia), since 1985 - Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut
Modi'in-Maccabim-Re'ut
(Israel), since 1997

Personalities[edit]

Karl Ernst Osthaus
Karl Ernst Osthaus
1902

Friedrich Harkort
Friedrich Harkort
around 1820

Friedrich Harkort
Friedrich Harkort
(1793-1880), railway and industrial pioneer and politician (German Progressive Party) Georg von Vincke
Georg von Vincke
(1811-1875), politician Sir Karl Halle, also known as Sir Charles Hallé
Charles Hallé
(1819-1895), pianist, composer and orchestra conductor Eugen Richter
Eugen Richter
(1838-1906), politician (German Progressive Party) Wilhelm Böing (born 1846 in Hagen-Hohenlimburg), father of William Boeing, founder of the Boeing
Boeing
aviation company. Karl Ernst Osthaus
Karl Ernst Osthaus
(1874–1921), banker and patron of avant-garde art and architecture Will Lammert
Will Lammert
(1892-1957), sculptor Hansheinrich Dransmann (1894-1964), conductor, composer Franz Bronstert
Franz Bronstert
(1895–1967), painter Fritz Steinhoff
Fritz Steinhoff
(1897-1969), politician (SPD) Heinrich Brocksieper
Heinrich Brocksieper
(1898-1968), painter and photographer, experimental filmmaker and former Bauhaus
Bauhaus
student Hans Nieland (1900-1976), politician (NSDAP) Hugo Paul
Hugo Paul
(1905-1962), politician (KPD) Ernst Meister (1911-1979), lyricist, radio playwright, narrator and theater author Emil Schumacher
Emil Schumacher
(1912-1999), painter (abstract art) Artur Axmann
Artur Axmann
(1913-1996), politician (NSDAP) and Reichsjugendführer Herbert Reinecker (1914-2007), writer and screenwriter Nicholas Rescher
Nicholas Rescher
(1928- ), American philosopher Freddy Breck
Freddy Breck
(1942-2008), percussionist Jürgen Schläder (1958–), musicologist Hans Reichel
Hans Reichel
(1949-2011), guitarist, violinist, instrument maker and typographer Annette Humpe
Annette Humpe
(1950-) music producer, singer of the bands Ideal and Ich + Ich Nena
Nena
(Gabriele Susanne Kerner) (1960-), pop singer Antje Vowinckel (1964- ), sound artist, radio artist and musician. Mousse T.
Mousse T.
(Mustafa Gündogdu) (1966-), DJ, musician, remixer and producer Mambo Kurt
Mambo Kurt
(Rainer Limpinsel) (1967-), musician and solo entertainer Barbara Morgenstern
Barbara Morgenstern
(1971-), musician Claus Jacobi (1971-), politician (SPD), mayor of Gevelsberg Henning Wehn
Henning Wehn
(1974-), comedian Jan-Ole Gerster (1978-), film director and screenwriter Bettina Hauert
Bettina Hauert
(1982-), professional golfer René Eidams (1989-), darts player

See also[edit]

Accumulatoren-Fabrik AFA Wippermann
Wippermann
jr GmbH

References[edit]

^ "Amtliche Bevölkerungszahlen". Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW (in German). 18 July 2016.  ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2010-11-23. Retrieved 2010-10-12.  ^ 2000 Years of Parallel Societies in Stone Age Central Europe. Ruth Bollongino, Olaf Nehlich, Michael P. Richards, Jörg Orschiedt, Mark G. Thomas, Christian Sell, Zuzana Fajkošová, Adam Powell, Joachim Burger. Science. Published Online October 10, 2013. DOI: 10.1126/science.1245049 http://www.sciencemag.org/content/early/2013/10/09/science.1245049 ^ "Statistisches Jahrbuch 2013". Westfalenpost. Retrieved 2016-04-23. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hagen.

Hagen
Hagen
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official city website  "Hagen". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. 

v t e

Cities in Germany
Germany
by population

1,000,000+

Berlin Cologne Hamburg Munich

500,000+

Bremen Dortmund Dresden Düsseldorf Essen Frankfurt Hanover Leipzig Nuremberg Stuttgart

200,000+

Aachen Augsburg Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Braunschweig Chemnitz Duisburg Erfurt Freiburg im Breisgau Gelsenkirchen Halle (Saale) Karlsruhe Kiel Krefeld Lübeck Magdeburg Mainz Mannheim Münster Mönchengladbach Oberhausen Rostock Wiesbaden Wuppertal

100,000+

Bergisch Gladbach Bottrop Bremerhaven Cottbus Darmstadt Erlangen Fürth Göttingen Hagen Hamm Heidelberg Heilbronn Herne Hildesheim Ingolstadt Jena Kassel Koblenz Leverkusen Ludwigshafen Moers Mülheim
Mülheim
an der Ruhr Neuss Offenbach am Main Oldenburg Osnabrück Paderborn Pforzheim Potsdam Recklinghausen Regensburg Remscheid Reutlingen Saarbrücken Salzgitter Siegen Solingen Trier Ulm Wolfsburg Würzburg

complete list municipalities metropolitan regions cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants

v t e

Urban and rural districts in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia
North Rhine-Westphalia
in Germany
Germany

Urban districts

Bielefeld Bochum Bonn Bottrop Dortmund Duisburg Düsseldorf Essen Gelsenkirchen Hagen Hamm Herne Köln (Cologne) Krefeld Leverkusen Mönchengladbach Mülheim Münster Oberhausen Remscheid Solingen Wuppertal

Rural districts

Aachen Borken Coesfeld Düren Ennepe-Ruhr-Kreis Euskirchen Gütersloh Heinsberg Herford Hochsauerlandkreis Höxter Kleve (Cleves) Lippe Märkischer Kreis Mettmann Minden-Lübbecke Oberbergischer Kreis Olpe Paderborn Recklinghausen Rheinisch-Bergischer Kreis Rhein-Erft-Kreis Rhein-Kreis Neuss Rhein-Sieg-Kreis Siegen-Wittgenstein Soest Steinfurt Unna Viersen Warendorf Wesel

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 143053076 GN

.