HOME
The Info List - Hafnarfjörður


--- Advertisement ---



Coordinates: 64°01′N 21°58′W / 64.02°N 21.97°W / 64.02; -21.97

Hafnarfjarðarkaupstaður

May 2017 view over Hafnarfjörður's town center

Coat of arms
Coat of arms
of Hafnarfjarðarkaupstaður

Location of the municipality

Region Capital Region

Constituency Southwest Constituency

Mayor Haraldur L. Haraldsson

Area 143 km2 (55 sq mi)

Population 28.200[1]

Density 191.31/km2 (495.5/sq mi)

Municipal number 1400

Postal code(s) 220, 221, 222

Website hafnarfjordur.is

Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
is a port town and municipality located on the southwest coast of Iceland, about 10 km (6 mi) south of Reykjavík. It is the third-most populous city in Iceland, after Reykjavík
Reykjavík
and Kópavogur. Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
has established local industry and a variety of urban activities, with annual festival events.

Contents

1 Activities 2 Local industry 3 History 4 Local festivals

4.1 Bright days 4.2 Viking
Viking
festival

5 Swimming pools 6 Twin towns and cities 7 Sports 8 In popular culture 9 Notable people 10 See also 11 References 12 External links

Activities[edit] The town is the site of an annual Viking
Viking
festival, where Viking culture enthusiasts from around the world display reconstructions of Viking
Viking
garb, handicraft, sword-fighting, etc. Tourists with a New Age mindset enjoy a guided tour of the habitats of elves and other hidden people in the town area. Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
is now arguably considered to be the rock n' roll capital of Iceland
Iceland
(a title that once belonged to Keflavík). Popular Icelandic bands such as Botnleðja, HAM, Sign, Lada Sport
Lada Sport
and Jakobínarína
Jakobínarína
all trace their origins to the town of Hafnarfjörður. Local industry[edit] Just two kilometers (1.2 miles) outside of Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
is an aluminium smelter, run by Alcan. Alcan
Alcan
has applied for an extension for the smelter, which will make it the fourth-largest smelter in Europe. The local governing body has sold Alcan
Alcan
land for the extension, Alcan
Alcan
has received permission for the extension from the government and a deal has been struck for selling energy to the smelter, even though the neighbouring area is the only place around Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
with available domestic building area for Hafnarfjörður. The smelter was originally built in 1969, and it has improved its cleaning process since then, especially regarding fluoride. The effect that the extension would have on the environment and the local residents was, though, a huge concern for the people of Hafnarfjörður. Local elections were held in May 2006, where the people of the town voted against extension of the smelter. History[edit]

Population 1910 - 2015

1910 1,547

1920 2,366

1930 3,591

1940 3,686

1950 5,087

1960 7,160

1970 9,696

1980 12,205

1990 15,151

2000 19,640

2010 25,913

2015 28,200

Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
takes its name (meaning harbour fjord) from the area's excellent natural harbour. The town is first named in the medieval Landnámabók, and the earliest reports of voyages to Hafnarfjörður date from the end of the 14th century. Englishmen began trading in Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
in the 15th century, but German merchants followed in their wake and eventually drove the English out. The first Lutheran church in Iceland
Iceland
was raised at Háigrandi, opposite Óseyri, just outside the small boat harbour in 1533. After that, the Hanseatic traders prevailed in town until 1602, based at Hvaleyri. At this point, the Danish monarchy established a Danish trade monopoly in Iceland
Iceland
which lasted until late in the 18th century. During this period, Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
was the nation's busiest trade centre. In 1793, Bjarni Sívertsen settled here and became influential in local business and international trade, setting up a major commercial fishing operation. His enterprise and initiative signaled the start of impressive commerce in the town. Ever since, he has been called "the father of Hafnarfjörður" and nicknamed "Sir Bjarni." Around 1870, dramatic changes took place in Icelandic fishing. Residents followed the growing trend in Iceland
Iceland
of using decked boats rather than row-boats. This led to even more employment and rapid growth, and Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
attained official municipal status in 1908. The first mayor was Páll Einarsson, who later became the mayor of Reykjavík. The first road between Reykjavík
Reykjavík
and Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
was finished in 1898. The first hydrological power plant in Iceland
Iceland
was built in Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
in 1904. The Coot, Iceland's first trawler, operated from Hafnarfjörður between 1905 and 1908.[2] Its boiler stands by the roundabout on the junction of Reykjavíkurvegur, Strandgata and Vesturgata. A harbour for large commercial ships was raised in 1912, and the first car arrived in 1913. After World War II, more advanced trawlers and numerous motorised ships were added to the fleet. The town's first stern trawler appeared in 1973. Today, Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
is one of the nation's largest fishing centers and the site of Iceland's first fish wholesalers' auction market. Through the years, Hafnarfjörður's dynamic local economy has been strongly linked to fishing, although freight transport has recently become the major harbour activity. And now, the town is Iceland's second-ranked import and export harbour. Local festivals[edit] Bright days[edit] Each year in May, the Bright Days festival is held. The events include short movies and concerts and usually conclude on a day commemorating the sailors of Iceland. Viking
Viking
festival[edit] Each year on the summer solstice a Viking
Viking
festival is held in Hafnarfjörður. A local pub and restaurant, Fjörukráin, started the festival and maintains it to this day. Swimming pools[edit] Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
has three swimming pools, despite its low population. This is common for any town in Iceland, due to the geothermal energy. Twin towns and cities[edit]

Ilulissat, Greenland Uppsala, Sweden
Sweden
(Since 1947) Tartu, Estonia[3] Frederiksberg, Denmark[4] Cuxhaven, Germany Flensburg, Germany Bærum, Norway Hämeenlinna, Finland

Sports[edit] There are two major sport clubs in Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
the first being Fimleikafélag Hafnarfjarðar
Fimleikafélag Hafnarfjarðar
(FH) which have won the Icelandic premier football league, Pepsi-Deildin eight times between 2004 and 2016(2004-2005-2006-2008-2009-2012-2015-2016). FH have won the Icelandic Handball league in total of 25 times and have won the cup 6 times which makes them the most successful team competing in Icelandic handball. The second club is Knattspyrnufélagið Haukar. Haukar
Haukar
have a magnificent history in handball with many titles. Haukar
Haukar
were champions in 1943, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2004, 2005, 2008, 2009, 2010 and 2015 and cup holders in 1980, 1997, 2001, 2002 and 2010. Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
also has a gymnastics club, Fimleikafélagið Björk, established on 1 July 1951. Local swimming club, Sundfélag Hafnarfjarðar (SH), was established on 19 June 1945. The triathlon club 3SH, is part of the club. Keilir Golf Club is an 18-hole golf club and course located on the Hvalreyi peninsula. In popular culture[edit] In the 1986 novel Red Storm Rising
Red Storm Rising
by Tom Clancy, the Soviet Union gains a dramatic strategic advantage at the beginning of the war by seizing Iceland
Iceland
with a Guards Airborne division transported secretly by converted freighters. When the US Marine Corps retake Iceland, they initially land at Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
before advancing on Keflavik. Additionally, in the novella, The Odd Saga of the American and a Curious Icelandic Flock,[5] Snorri calls Alex in the middle of the night to tell him that he is passing through Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
and will be picking him up shortly for a trip to Snæfellsnes. Notable people[edit]

Logi Geirsson, former handballer Ragnheiður Gestsdóttir, children's book author Rebekka Guðleifsdóttir, photographer, artist Ólafur Guðmundsson, handball player Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
is the home town of the famous Icelandic pop singer Björgvin Halldórsson as well as the Abstract artists, Guðmundur Karl and Patrick Karl Emil Hallfreðsson, footballer who plays for Serie A
Serie A
club Udinese Geir Hallsteinsson, former handballer Indie band Jakobínarína
Jakobínarína
are from here Jóhanna Guðrún Jónsdóttir
Jóhanna Guðrún Jónsdóttir
(Yohanna) was born in Copenhagen but raised in Hafnarfjörður, she was chosen to represent Iceland
Iceland
at the Eurovision Song Contest 2009 in Moscow, Russia with the song "Is It True?", earning her 2nd place Current home to Magnús Ver Magnússon Aron Pálmarsson, handballer in THW Kiel Jón Páll Sigmarsson, 4-time winner of the World's Strongest Man competition Sesselja Sigmundsdóttir (born Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
5 July 1902) Gylfi Sigurðsson, footballer currently plays for English club Everton in the Premier League Sóley (musician), indie pop singer-songwriter Stefán Karl Stefánsson, actor, most known for his role as Robbie Rotten on the hit children's TV series, LazyTown Eyþór Þorláksson, musician Jón Jónsson, pop singer-songwriter and also a footballer for Fimleikafélag Hafnarfjarðar
Fimleikafélag Hafnarfjarðar
football club Friðrik Dór, pop singer-songwriter and brother of Jón Jónsson

See also[edit]

List of cities and towns in Iceland

References[edit]

^ "Hagstofa Íslands". Retrieved 2016-03-30.  ^ "Iceland: The Trawler Coot". Stampnews.com. 2004-03-13. Retrieved 2016-06-18.  ^ "Twin Cities of Tartu". ©2007 City of Tartu. Retrieved 2009-01-04.  ^ " Frederiksberg Municipality
Frederiksberg Municipality
- Twin Towns" (in Danish). ©2007 -2009. Archived from the original on 5 December 2012. Retrieved 9 September 2009.  ^ "The Odd Saga of the American and a Curious Icelandic Flock". Google Books. Retrieved May 5, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hafnarfjörður.

Hafnarfjörður
Hafnarfjörður
travel guide from Wikivoyage Official website (in Icelandic)

v t e

Cities and towns in Iceland

Álftanes Akranes Akureyri Blönduós Bolungarvík Borgarnes Dalvík Egilsstaðir Eskifjörður Eyrarbakki Fáskrúðsfjörður Garðabær Garður Grindavík Grundarfjörður Hafnarfjörður Hella Höfn Húsavík Hvammstangi Hveragerði Hvolsvöllur Ísafjörður Keflavík Kópavogur Mosfellsbær Neskaupstaður Njarðvík Ólafsfjörður Ólafsvík Patreksfjörður Reyðarfjörður Reykjavík Sandgerði Sauðárkrókur Selfoss Seltjarnarnes Seyðisfjörður Siglufjörður Skagaströnd Stokkseyri Stykkishólmur Þorlákshöfn Vestmannaeyjar Vík í Mýrdal Vogar Vopnafjörður

v t e

Municipalities of Iceland

Capital Region

Garðabær Hafnarfjarðarkaupstaður Kjósarhreppur Kópavogsbær Mosfellsbær Reykjavíkurborg Seltjarnarneskaupstaður

Southern Peninsula

Grindavíkurbær Reykjanesbær Sandgerðisbær Sveitarfélagið Garður Sveitarfélagið Vogar

Western Region

Akraneskaupstaður Borgarbyggð Dalabyggð Eyja- og Miklaholtshreppur Grundarfjarðarbær Helgafellssveit Hvalfjarðarsveit Skorradalshreppur Snæfellsbær Stykkishólmsbær

Westfjords

Árneshreppur Bolungarvíkurkaupstaður Ísafjarðarbær Kaldrananeshreppur Reykhólahreppur Strandabyggð Súðavíkurhreppur Tálknafjarðarhreppur Vesturbyggð

Northwestern Region

Akrahreppur Blönduósbær Húnavatnshreppur Húnaþing vestra Skagabyggð Sveitarfélagið Skagafjörður Sveitarfélagið Skagaströnd

Northeastern Region

Akureyrarkaupstaður Dalvíkurbyggð Eyjafjarðarsveit Fjallabyggð Grýtubakkahreppur Hörgársveit Langanesbyggð Norðurþing Skútustaðahreppur Svalbarðshreppur Svalbarðsstrandarhreppur Tjörneshreppur Þingeyjarsveit

Eastern Region

Borgarfjarðarhreppur Breiðdalshreppur Djúpavogshreppur Fjarðabyggð Fljótsdalshérað Fljótsdalshreppur Seyðisfjarðarkaupstaður Vopnafjarðarhreppur

Southern Region

Ásahreppur Bláskógabyggð Flóahreppur Grímsnes- og Grafningshreppur Hrunamannahreppur Hveragerðisbær Mýrdalshreppur Rangárþing eystra Rangárþing ytra Skaftárhreppur Skeiða- og Gnúpverjahreppur Sveitarfélagið Árborg Sveitarfélagið Hornafjörður Sveitarfélagið Ölfus Vestmannaeyjabær

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 144351597 ISNI: 0000 0004 0398 3

.