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Guhyeshwari Temple
Guhyeshwari Temple
(Nepali: गुह्येश्वरी मन्दिर), also spelled Guheswari or Guhjeshwari, is one of the revered holy temples in Kathmandu, Nepal. This temple is dedicated to Adi Shakti. The temple is also a Shakti
Shakti
Peetha near to the Pashupatinath Temple. It is said that this temple is the Shakti
Shakti
chair of Pashupatinath Temple. King Pratap Malla
Pratap Malla
built this temple in the 17th century. The goddess is also called Guhyekali. It is the main temple, dedicated to Guhyeshwari. It is an important pilgrimage destination for general Hindu and especially for Tantric worshipers. The temple name originates from the Sanskrit words Guhya (Secret) and Ishwari
Ishwari
(Goddess). In Lalitha Sahasranama
Lalitha Sahasranama
the 707th name of Goddess is mentioned as Guhyarupini (The form of Goddess is beyond human perception and it is secret. Another argument is that it is the secret 16th syllable of the Shodashi Mantra) (LS 137th verse: Sarasvati shastramayi Guhaamba guhyaruupini).[1] It is believed that Sati Devi's corpse's parts fell in different region when Shiva
Shiva
took it and roamed around the world in sorrow. The Temple of Guhyeshwari lies about 1 km east of Pashupatinath Temple
Pashupatinath Temple
and is located near the banks of the Bagmati River.[2]

Guhyeshwari Temple
Guhyeshwari Temple
Primises

The main stotras dedicated to goddess are:

Guhya Kali
Kali
Sahasranama Stotra, Guhyakali Gadya Sanjeevana Stotram Guhyakali Mahavajra Kavacha Stotram

The Temple as a Shakti
Shakti
Peeth[edit] Main articles: Daksha Yaga
Daksha Yaga
and Shakti
Shakti
Peethas

Shiva
Shiva
carrying the corpse of Sati Devi

The mythology of Daksha
Daksha
yaga and Sati's self immolation had immense significance in shaping the ancient Sanskrit literature and even had impact on the culture of India. It led to the development of the concept of Shakti
Shakti
Peethas and there by strengthening Shaktism. Enormous mythological stories in puranas took the Daksha
Daksha
yaga as the reason for its origin.The Guhyeshwari temple, dedicated to Sati Devi, Shiva's first wife, was built by King Pratap Malla
Pratap Malla
in the 17th century and is considered to be one of the sacred sites of Hinduism. When Shiva
Shiva
was insulted by his father in law, Sati Devi
Devi
was so angry that she jumped into flames of yagya ( fire worship), an event which gave rise to the practice of Sati, or self-immolation. Shiva
Shiva
was grief-stricken and picked up her corpse and began to wander about as her body parts fell to the earth. The temple marks the spot where her knowledge fell; guhya means main knowledge and ishwari means goddess. The goddess is worshipped at the centre of the temple in a kalasha (water jar) that is covered with a layer of silver and gold. The temple stands at the centre of a courtyard and is topped with four gilded snakes that support the finial roof. It is often mistaken fact for taking meaning of guhya as vagina. The genitals of Sati Devi
Devi
fell on the another Shakti
Shakti
Peeth worshipped by the name "Kamaru-Kamakshya" in Assam. Shakti
Shakti
Peethas are shrines or divine places of the Mother Goddess. These are places that are believes to have enshrined with the presence of Shakti
Shakti
due to the falling of body parts of the corpse of Sati Devi, when Lord Shiva
Shiva
carried it and wandered throughout Aryavartha in sorrow. There are 51 Shakti
Shakti
Peethas corresponding to the 51 letters of the Sanskrit alphabet. Each temple possesses shrines for Shakti
Shakti
and Kalabhairava. The Shakti
Shakti
is Mahashira and the Bhairava
Bhairava
is Kapali. This temple is revered by Tantric practitioners and Tantric rites are performed in this temple. The temple is also mentioned in the Kali
Kali
tantra, Chandi tantra, Shiva
Shiva
tantra Rahasya as one of the most important places for gaing the power of tantra. The Vishwasorup of goddess Guheshwori shows her as a many and different coloured headed goddess with innumerable hands. The temple gets much crowded during Dashain
Dashain
and Navaratri. [3] Vajrayana Buddhism[edit] Newar Vajrayana Buddhists consider Gujeshwori to be sacred to Vajrayogini
Vajrayogini
in the form of Vajravarahi
Vajravarahi
and to be the location of root of the mythical lotus upon which Swayambunath
Swayambunath
stupa rests, which is also the umbilical cord which nurtures Kathmandu. In Tibetan the place is called Pakmo Ngülchu (Varahi's womb fluid) and the water which flows from the spring in the well in the temple is believed to be the sexual fluid of Vajravarahi.[4] References[edit]

^ " Shakti
Shakti
Sadhana Org: : LalithA SahasranAma". shaktisadhana.50megs.com. Retrieved 2014-01-25.  ^ " Kathmandu
Kathmandu
page 4". virtualtraveling.endesign.nl. Retrieved 2014-01-25.  ^ "Kottiyoor Devaswam Temple Administration Portal". kottiyoordevaswom.com/. Kottiyoor Devaswam. Retrieved 20 July 2013.  ^ Dowman, Keith (2007). A Buddhist Guide to the Power Places of the Kathmandu
Kathmandu
Valley. Kathmandu: Vajra Publications. pp. 59–60. ISBN 978-9937-506-02-1. 

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