GREGOR STRASSER (31 May 1892 – 30 June 1934) was an early prominent German Nazi official and politician who was murdered during the Night of the Long Knives in 1934.
Born in 1892 in
Bavaria , Strasser served in
World War I
Strasser joined a revived NSDAP in 1925 and once again established himself as a powerful and dominant member, hugely increasing the party's membership and reputation in northern Germany . Personal and political conflicts with Adolf Hitler led to his death in 1934 during the Night of the Long Knives .
* 1 Early life
World War I
* 2 Political career
* 2.1 Nazi Party activities * 2.2 Role in NSDAP\'s national organisation * 2.3 Conflicts with Hitler
* 3 Later life
* 3.1 Life after politics * 3.2 Death
* 4 See also
* 5 References
* 5.1 Citations * 5.2 Bibliography
* 6 External links
WORLD WAR I
When war broke out in Europe in 1914, Strasser suspended his studies
Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich to enlist as a volunteer in
German Imperial Army . He served in the 1st Bavarian Field
Artillery Regiment, rising to the rank of
Oberleutnant and winning the
In 1919, Strasser and his brother joined the right-wing _
Franz Ritter von Epp . The aim of the group was to suppress
Hitler and other top SA officials at a party rally, 1928
NAZI PARTY ACTIVITIES
By 1920, Strasser, and his paramilitary group, had joined forces with
Adolf Hitler 's
Nazi Party (NSDAP), another far-right political party
After a few weeks Strasser was released because he had been elected a member of the Bavarian Landtag for the NSDAP-associated "Völkischer Block" on 6 April and 4 May (in the Palatinate) 1924, respectively. In December 1924 Strasser won a seat for the "völkisch" National Socialist Freedom Movement in the Reichstag . He represented the constituency Westphalia North.
Because Strasser led up to 2,000 men in Landshut and was overworked, he began looking for an assistant. Heinrich Himmler, who obtained the job, was tasked with expanding the organization in Lower Bavaria. After the refoundation of the NSDAP by Adolf Hitler on 26 February 1925, Strasser became the first _ Gauleiter _ of Lower Bavaria and Upper Palatinate . After the partition of this Gau , he was _Gauleiter_ of Lower Bavaria from October 1928 until 1929. From September 1926 until the end of December 1927, he was the NSDAP's national leader for propaganda.
ROLE IN NSDAP\'S NATIONAL ORGANISATION
In January 1928, Strasser became leader of the NSDAP's national organisation. He reorganised the party's structure, both in its regional formation and its vertical management hierarchy. The party became a strictly centralist organization with the party's own control machinery and high capability for propaganda. Through much of 1925 Strasser took full advantage of his liberties as a member of the Reichstag, traveling extensively throughout northern and western Germany appointing Gauleiters, setting up party branches and delivering numerous public speeches.
After 1925, Strasser's organizational skills helped the NSDAP make a
big step from a marginal south German splinter party to a nationwide
mass party. While it received 2.6 per cent of the national vote in
the 1928 General Election, it rose to become the second largest party
in the Reichstag with 18.3 per cent of the vote in September 1930.
Strasser established the NSDAP in northern and western Germany as a
strong political association which quickly attained a higher
membership than Hitler's southern party section. The party\'s own
foreign organization was formed on Strasser's initiative. Together
with his brother Otto, Strasser founded the
The Strasser brothers advocated an anti-capitalist social revolutionary course for the NSDAP which at the same time was also strongly antisemitic and anti-communist .
CONFLICTS WITH HITLER
Great Depression greatly impacted Germany and by 1930 there was a
dramatic increase in unemployment. During this time, the Strasser
brothers started publishing a new daily newspaper in Berlin, the
_Nationaler Sozialist_. Like their other publications, it conveyed
the brothers' own brand of Nazism, including nationalism,
anti-capitalism, social reform, and anti-Westernism. Goebbels
complained vehemently about the rival Strasser newspapers to Hitler,
and admitted that their success was causing his own
In August 1932, Hitler was offered the job of Vice-Chancellor of Germany by then Chancellor Franz von Papen at the behest of President Paul von Hindenburg , but he refused. Hitler saw this offer as placing him in a position of "playing second fiddle" in the government. While many in his inner circle, like Goebbels, saw his resistance as heroic, Strasser was frustrated and believed Hitler was wrong to hold out for the Chancellorship. The ideological and personal rivalry with Hitler worsened dramatically when the successor Chancellor Kurt von Schleicher had discussions with Strasser as to becoming Vice-Chancellor in December 1932. Schleicher hoped to disunite the NSDAP with Strasser's help and to pull the left wing of the NSDAP over to his "national conservative" side, so as to prevent a revolution or takeover by Hitler. Hitler was furious and demanded that Strasser refuse Schleicher's offer.
Strasser resigned from his party offices on 8 December 1932, just seven weeks before the NSDAP obtained political legitimacy. He officially exited politics by renouncing his Reichstag seat in March 1933.
LIFE AFTER POLITICS
Having renounced his seat in the Reichstag, Strasser sought to return
to his pre-politics profession as a chemist. Through his own
connections and with Hitler's consent he was provided with the
opportunity to take up a directorship of Schering-Kahlbaum, a
chemical-pharmaceutical company that was the
Having achieved national power in January 1933, Hitler and the NSDAP
began eliminating all forms of opposition in Germany. In what became
known as the
Night of the Long Knives , the entire SA leadership was
purged, which took place from 30 June to 2 July 1934. Hitler, along
with other top Nazis such as
Hermann Göring and Himmler, targeted
Ernst Röhm and other SA leaders who, along with a number of Hitler's
political adversaries were rounded up, arrested, and shot by members
of the _
Schutzstaffel _ (SS) and
_ Wikiquote has quotations related to: GREGOR STRASSER _
* ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ Evans 2004 , p. 202. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ Wistrich 2013 , pp. 246–247. * ^ _A_ _B_ Read 2005 , p. 117. * ^ _A_ _B_ Hamilton 1984 , p. 347. * ^ Kershaw 2000 , p. 270. * ^ Stachura 1983 , p. 33. * ^ Read 2005 , p. 118. * ^ Stachura 1983 , p. 34. * ^ Read 2005 , p. 119. * ^ Anna Rosmus, _Hitlers Nibelungen_, Samples Grafenau 2015, pp. 36f * ^ Read 2005 , pp. 123–124. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ _E_ _F_ _G_ Nicholls 2000 , p. 253. * ^ Stachura 1983 , p. 62. * ^ Stachura 1983 , pp. 64–65. * ^ _A_ _B_ _C_ _D_ Fulbrook 2015 , p. 45. * ^ Read 2005 , p. 126. * ^ Fulbrook 2015 , p. 44. * ^ Newton 1992 , p. 38. * ^ Longerich 2015 , pp. 100–101. * ^ Longerich 2015 , pp. 125, 126, 127. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , p. 200. * ^ Longerich 2015 , pp. 125, 126. * ^ Longerich 2015 , pp. 128, 129. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , pp. 233, 234. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , pp. 244, 245. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , p. 245. * ^ _A_ _B_ Stachura 1983 , p. 121. * ^ _A_ _B_ Stachura 1983 , p. 123. * ^ Kershaw 2008 , pp. 309–314. * ^ Read 2005 , p. 372. * ^ Nicholls 2000 , pp. 253–254. * ^ Longerich 2015 , p. 130.
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