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HOUSTON–THE WOODLANDS–SUGAR LAND is the fifth-most populous metropolitan statistical area (MSA) in the United States, encompassing nine counties along the Gulf Coast of the state of Texas
Texas
. Colloquially referred to as GREATER HOUSTON, the 10,000-square-mile (26,000 km2) region is centered around Harris County , the third-most populous county in the nation, which contains the city of Houston —the largest economic and cultural center of the South —with a population of 2.3 million.

Greater Houston
Houston
is part of the Texas
Texas
Triangle megaregion alongside the Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex
, Greater Austin , and Greater San Antonio . The metropolitan area is the second-largest in Texas
Texas
(after Dallas–Fort Worth) with a population of 6,490,180 as of the 2010 United States
United States
Census .

Houston
Houston
has historically been among the fastest-growing metropolitan areas in the United States; it was the fastest-growing in absolute terms during the 2013–2014 census year, adding 156,371 people. The area grew 25.2% between 1990 and 2000—adding more than 950,000 people—while the nation's population increased only 13.2% over the same period, and from 2000 to 2007 alone, the area added over 910,000 people. The Greater Houston
Houston
Partnership projects the metropolitan area will add between 4.1 and 8.3 million new residents between 2010 and 2050.

CONTENTS

* 1 Geography

* 1.1 Geology

* 1.2 Weather

* 1.2.1 List of hurricanes

* 2 Components of the metropolitan area

* 2.1 Municipalities, CDPs, and other communities

* 3 Demographics * 4 Economy

* 5 Sports

* 5.1 Major professional teams * 5.2 Minor league and semipro teams * 5.3 College sports (Division I) * 5.4 Events

* 6 Culture

* 6.1 Media

* 7 Education

* 7.1 Colleges and universities

* 8 Transportation

* 8.1 Highways * 8.2 Mass transit * 8.3 Airports * 8.4 Intercity rail * 8.5 Intercity bus

* 9 Politics

* 9.1 United States
United States
Congress

* 9.2 Texas
Texas
Legislature

* 9.2.1 Texas
Texas
Senate * 9.2.2 Texas
Texas
House of Representatives

* 10 See also * 11 References * 12 Further reading * 13 External links

GEOGRAPHY

An image of the Greater Houston
Houston
area taken from NASA
NASA
's Space Shuttle during mission STS-55 (STS055-71-43) with Galveston Bay
Galveston Bay
and Galveston Island visible towards the bottom of the picture See also: Geography of Houston
Houston

According to the United States
United States
Census Bureau , the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan statistical area has a total area of 10,062 square miles (26,060 km²), of which 8,929 sq mi (23,130 km2) is land and 1,133 sq mi (2,930 km2) is water. The region is slightly smaller than the state of Massachusetts
Massachusetts
and slightly larger than New Jersey
New Jersey
. The Office of Management and Budget combines the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugarland MSA with four micropolitan statistical areas (Bay City , Brenham , El Campo , and Huntsville ) to form the HOUSTON–THE WOODLANDS, TX COMBINED STATISTICAL AREA.

The metropolitan area is located in the Gulf Coastal Plains biome , and its vegetation is classified as temperate grassland. Much of the urbanized area was built on forested land, marshes, swamp, or prairie , remnants of which can still be seen in surrounding areas. Of particular note is the Katy Prairie
Prairie
to the west, the Big Thicket to the northeast, and the Galveston Bay
Galveston Bay
ecosystem to the south. Additionally, the metropolitan region is crossed by a number of creeks and bayous which provide essential drainage during rainfall events; some of the most notable waterways include Buffalo Bayou
Bayou
(upon which Houston
Houston
was founded), White Oak Bayou
Bayou
, Brays Bayou
Bayou
, Spring Creek , and the San Jacinto River . The upper drainage basin of Buffalo Bayou is impounded by two large flood control reservoirs, Barker Reservoir and Addicks Reservoir , which provide a combined 400,000 acre-feet of storage during large rainfall events and cover a total land area of 26,100 acres (106 km2). Greater Houston's flat topography, susceptibility to high-intensity rainfall events, high level of impervious surface , and inadequately-sized natural drainage channels make it particularly susceptible to catastrophic flooding events.

GEOLOGY

Underpinning Houston's land surface are unconsolidated clays , clay shales , and poorly cemented sands up to several miles deep. The region's geology developed from stream deposits formed from the erosion of the Rocky Mountains
Rocky Mountains
. These sediments consist of a series of sands and clays deposited on decaying organic matter that, over time, transformed into oil and natural gas. Beneath these tiers is a water-deposited layer of halite , a rock salt. The porous layers were compressed over time and forced upward. As it pushed upward, the salt dragged surrounding sediments into dome shapes, often trapping oil and gas that seeped from the surrounding porous sands. This thick, rich soil also provides a good environment for rice farming in suburban outskirts into which the city continues to grow near Katy . Evidence of past rice farming is even still evident in developed areas as an abundance of rich, dark, loamy top soil exists.

The Houston
Houston
region is generally earthquake-free. While the city of Houston
Houston
contains over 150 to 300 active surface faults with an aggregate length of up to 310 miles (500 km), the clay below the surface precludes the buildup of friction that produces ground-shaking in earthquakes. These faults generally move at a smooth rate in what is termed "fault creep".

WEATHER

Main article: Climate of Houston
Houston

List Of Hurricanes

This list is incomplete ; you can help by expanding it .

A number of tropical storms and hurricanes have hit the area, including:

* Hurricane Carla (1961) * Hurricane Alicia (1983) * Tropical Storm Allison (2001) * Hurricane Rita
Hurricane Rita
(2005) * Tropical Storm Erin (2007) * Hurricane Ike
Hurricane Ike
(2008) * Hurricane Harvey (2017)

COMPONENTS OF THE METROPOLITAN AREA

Location in the U.S. (red)

As defined by the Office of Management and Budget, the metropolitan area of Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land encompasses nine counties in Texas. They are listed below with population figures as of the 2010 U.S. Census.

* Harris County – 4,092,459 * Fort Bend County – 585,375 * Montgomery County – 455,746 * Brazoria County – 313,166 * Galveston County – 291,309 * Liberty County – 75,643 * Waller County – 43,205 * Chambers County – 35,096 * Austin County – 28,417

MUNICIPALITIES, CDPS, AND OTHER COMMUNITIES

Main article: List of cities and towns in Greater Houston
Houston

Five "principal" communities are designated within Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. The Woodlands is a CDP ; the rest are cities:

* Houston
Houston
– 2,242,193 * The Woodlands - 109,679 * Sugar Land – 80,704 * Baytown – 70,330 * Conroe – 71,592

DEMOGRAPHICS

HISTORICAL POPULATIONS - HOUSTON METROPOLITAN AREA

CENSUS POP.

1950 806,701

1960 1,243,158

54.1%

1970 1,985,031

59.7%

1980 2,905,353

46.4%

1990 3,301,937

13.7%

2000 4,177,646

26.5%

2010 5,920,416

41.7%

U.S. Decennial Census 2011 estimate

As of 2011 Greater Houston
Houston
has four of Texas' ten wealthiest communities, which include the wealthiest community, Hunters Creek Village , the fourth-wealthiest community, Bunker Hill Village , the fifth-wealthiest community, West University Place , and the sixth-wealthiest community, Piney Point Village .

COUNTY 2016 ESTIMATE 2010 CENSUS CHANGE AREA DENSITY

Austin County 29,758 28,417 7000471900622866590♠+4.72% 646.51 sq mi (1,674.5 km2) 46/sq mi (18/km2)

Brazoria County 354,195 313,166 7001131013583850100♠+13.10% 1,357.70 sq mi (3,516.4 km2) 261/sq mi (101/km2)

Chambers County 39,899 35,096 7001136853202644180♠+13.69% 597.14 sq mi (1,546.6 km2) 67/sq mi (26/km2)

Fort Bend County 741,237 585,375 7001266260089686100♠+26.63% 861.48 sq mi (2,231.2 km2) 860/sq mi (332/km2)

Galveston County 329,431 291,309 7001130864477238950♠+13.09% 378.36 sq mi (979.9 km2) 871/sq mi (336/km2)

Harris County 4,589,928 4,092,459 7001121557479256360♠+12.16% 1,703.48 sq mi (4,412.0 km2) 2,694/sq mi (1,040/km2)

Liberty County 81,704 75,643 7000801263831418640♠+8.01% 1,158.42 sq mi (3,000.3 km2) 71/sq mi (27/km2)

Montgomery County 556,203 455,746 7001220423218196100♠+22.04% 1,041.73 sq mi (2,698.1 km2) 534/sq mi (206/km2)

Waller County 50,115 43,205 7001159935192686030♠+15.99% 513.43 sq mi (1,329.8 km2) 98/sq mi (38/km2)

TOTAL 6,772,470 5,920,416 7001143917927388890♠+14.39% 8,258.25 sq mi (21,388.8 km2) 820/sq mi (317/km2)

ECONOMY

Houston
Houston
Ship Channel

Among the ten most populous metropolitan areas in the U.S., Houston ranked first in employment growth rate and second in nominal employment growth. In 2006, the Houston
Houston
metropolitan area ranked first in Texas
Texas
and third in the U.S. within the category of "Best Places for Business and Careers" by Forbes
Forbes
.

The Houston–The Woodlands-Sugar Land MSA's gross metropolitan product (GMP) in 2005 was $308.7 billion, up 5.4% from 2004 in constant dollars—slightly larger than Austria
Austria
's gross domestic product. By 2012, the GMP has risen to $449 billion, the fourth-largest of any metropolitan area in the United States. Only 26 nations other than the United States
United States
have a GDP exceeding Houston's GAP. Mining, which in Houston
Houston
is almost entirely oil and gas exploration and production, accounts for 11% of Houston's GAP—down from 21% as recently as 1985. The reduced role of oil and gas in Houston's GAP reflects the rapid growth of other sectors—such as engineering services, health services, and manufacturing .

The area's economic activity is centered in Houston
Houston
, the county seat of Harris County . Houston
Houston
is second to New York City in Fortune 500 headquarters. The city has attempted to build a banking industry, but the companies originally started in Houston
Houston
have since merged with other companies nationwide. Banking, however, is still vital to the region.

Galveston Bay
Galveston Bay
and the Buffalo Bayou
Bayou
together form one of the most important shipping hubs in the world. The Port of Houston
Houston
, the Port of Texas
Texas
City , and the Port of Galveston are all major seaports located in this Greater Houston
Houston
area. The area is also one of the leading centers of the energy industry, particularly petroleum processing, and many companies have large operations in this region. The metropolitan area also comprises the largest petrochemical manufacturing area in the world, including for synthetic rubber , insecticides , and fertilizers . The area is also the world's leading center for building oilfield equipment. The region is also a major center of biomedical research, aeronautics, and high technology.

Much of the metro area's success as a petrochemical complex is enabled by its busy man-made ship channel, the Houston
Houston
Ship Channel . Because of these economic trades, many residents have moved to the Houston
Houston
area from other U.S. states, as well as hundreds of countries worldwide. Unlike most places, where high fuel prices are seen as harmful to the economy, they are generally seen as beneficial for Houston, as many are employed in the energy industry. Baytown , Pasadena /La Porte , and Texas
Texas
City have some of the area's largest petroleum/petrochemical plants, though major operations can be found in Houston, Anahuac , Clute , and other communities. Galveston has the largest cruise ship terminal in Texas
Texas
(and the 12th-largest in the world). The island, as well the Clear Lake Area , are major recreation and tourism areas in the region.

Houston
Houston
is home to the Texas
Texas
Medical Center —the largest medical center in the world. Galveston is home to one of only two national biocontainment laboratories in the United States.

The University of Houston
Houston
System 's annual impact on the Houston-area's economy equates to that of a major corporation: $1.1 billion in new funds attracted annually to the Houston
Houston
area, $3.13 billion in total economic benefit, and 24,000 local jobs generated. This is in addition to the 12,500 new graduates the UH System produces every year who enter the workforce in Houston
Houston
and throughout Texas. These degree-holders tend to stay in Houston; after five years, 80.5% of graduates are still living and working in the region.

Sugar Land is home to the second-largest economic activities and fifth-largest city in the metropolitan area. Sugar Land has the most important economic center in Fort Bend County . The city holds the Imperial Sugar (its namesake), Nalco Champion, and Western Airways headquarters. Engineering firms and other related industries have managed to take the place as an economic engine. See also: List of companies in Houston–The Woodlands-Sugar Land MSA

SPORTS

MAJOR PROFESSIONAL TEAMS

CLUB SPORT FOUNDED LEAGUE VENUE

Houston
Houston
Astros Baseball 1962 MLB Minute Maid Park
Minute Maid Park

Houston
Houston
Rockets Basketball 1967 NBA Toyota Center

Houston
Houston
Texans Football 2002 NFL NRG Stadium
NRG Stadium

Houston
Houston
Dynamo Soccer 2005 MLS BBVA Compass Stadium

Houston
Houston
Dash Women's soccer 2014 NWSL BBVA Compass Stadium

Scrap Yard Dawgs Softball 2016 NPF Scrapyard Softball Complex

Houston
Houston
SaberCats Rugby Union 2018 MLR Constellation Field

MINOR LEAGUE AND SEMIPRO TEAMS

CLUB SPORT FOUNDED LEAGUE VENUE

Houston
Houston
Energy Football 2001 WPFL The Rig

Houston
Houston
Red Storm Basketball 2006 ABA John H. Reagan HS

Sugar Land Skeeters Baseball 2010 ALPB Constellation Field

Houston
Houston
Dutch Lions Soccer 2011 PDL HDLFC Soccer Complex

Houston
Houston
Aces Women's soccer 2012 UWS Carl Lewis Stadium

Houston
Houston
Hotshots Indoor Soccer 2015 PASL TBD

COLLEGE SPORTS (DIVISION I)

Greater Houston
Houston
is home to five NCAA Division I programs, with four located within Houston
Houston
proper. The University of Houston
Houston
and Rice University play in Division I (FBS). The University of Houston
Houston
plays in the American Athletic Conference
American Athletic Conference
, while Rice belongs to Conference USA . Both schools were once part of the Southwest Conference
Southwest Conference
. Texas Southern University , which is a member of the Southwestern Athletic Conference , plays in Division I (FCS). Houston
Houston
Baptist University currently plays in Division I (FCS), mainly in the Southland Conference . Rice and Houston
Houston
Baptist are widely noted for their student-athlete graduation rates, which number at 91% for Rice (tied for highest in the nation according to a 2002 Sports Illustrated issue on best college sports programs) and 80% for HBU.

SCHOOL FOUNDED NICKNAME CONFERENCE

Prairie
Prairie
View A&M University 1876 Prairie
Prairie
View A"> Melcher Center for Public Broadcasting at the University of Houston
Houston

Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area is served by a public television station and one public radio station. KUHT (HoustonPBS) is a PBS member station and is the first public television station in the United States. Houston
Houston
Public Radio is listener-funded radio and comprises one NPR
NPR
member station, KUHF (KUHF News). The University of Houston
Houston
System owns and holds broadcasting licenses to KUHT and KUHF. The stations broadcast from the Melcher Center for Public Broadcasting, located on the campus of the University of Houston.

The Houston
Houston
area is served by the Houston
Houston
Chronicle , its only major daily newspaper with wide distribution. The Hearst Corporation
Hearst Corporation
, which owns and operates the Houston
Houston
Chronicle, bought the assets of the Houston
Houston
Post —its long-time rival and main competition—when Houston
Houston
Post ceased operations in 1995. The Houston
Houston
Post was owned by the family of former Lieutenant Governor Bill Hobby of Houston. The only other major publication to serve the city is the Houston
Houston
Press —a free alternative weekly with a weekly readership of more than 300,000.

The Galveston County Daily News , founded in 1842, is that city's primary newspaper and the oldest continuously printed newspaper in Texas. It currently serves as the newspaper of record for Galveston, as well as Galveston County. Radio station KGBC , on air since 1947, has also served as a local media outlet.

EDUCATION

COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES

See also: List of colleges and universities in Houston
Houston
University of Houston
Houston

Five separate and distinct state universities are located within Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area. The University of Houston
Houston
is a nationally recognized Tier One research university, and is the flagship institution of the University of Houston
Houston
System. The third-largest university in Texas, the University of Houston
Houston
has nearly 43,000 students on its 667-acre campus in southeast Houston. The University of Houston–Clear Lake and the University of Houston–Downtown are standalone universities; they are not branch campuses of the University of Houston. The metropolitan area is home to the two largest historically black institutions in the state: Texas Southern University and Prairie
Prairie
View A&M University . The University of Texas
Texas
Medical Branch and Texas
Texas
A&M University at Galveston , a branch campus of Texas
Texas
A"> Rice University
Rice University

Several private institutions of higher learning—ranging from liberal arts colleges to a nationally recognized Tier One research university—are located within the metropolitan area. The University of St. Thomas is the only Catholic institution of higher education in Houston. Houston
Houston
Baptist University, located in the Sharpstown area, was founded in 1960. Rice University
Rice University
is one of the leading teaching and research universities of the United States
United States
and consistently ranks among the nation's top 20 universities by U.S. News ">

TRANSPORTATION

HIGHWAYS

This article needs to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (March 2016)

Interstate 610 in Uptown Houston
Houston

Houston’s freeway system includes 575.5 miles (926.2 km) of freeways and expressways in the 10-county metro area. The State of Texas
Texas
plans to spend $65 billion on Houston
Houston
area highways by 2025. Houston
Houston
freeways are heavily traveled and often under construction to meet the demands of continuing growth.

The Greater Houston
Houston
area has a hub-and-spoke freeway structure with multiple loops. The innermost is Interstate 610 , forming a roughly 42-mile (70 km)-circumference loop around downtown. The nearly square Loop 610 is quartered into "North Loop", "South Loop", "West Loop", and "East Loop". The roads of Beltway 8 and their freeway core, the Sam Houston
Houston
Tollway, are the next loop, at a diameter around 83 miles (134 km). A proposed highway project, State Highway 99 (the Grand Parkway), would form a third loop outside of Houston. Currently, a completed portion of State Highway 99 runs from U.S. Highway 59 , Near New Caney, to U.S. Highway 59 in Sugar Land, southwest of Houston, and was completed in 2016. Another segment of State Highway 99 from Interstate 10 south to Farm-to-Market Road 1405 in Chambers County was completed in 2008. The next portion to be constructed is from the current terminus at U.S. Highway 290 to U.S. Highway 59 in Montgomery County. Freeways also include the Westpark Tollway, which runs from U.S. Hwy 59 to Texas
Texas
Hwy 99 and the Fort Bend Parkway, which runs from U.S. Hwy 90-A to Texas
Texas
Hwy 6 in Missouri City. A new interstate, Interstate 69 , will start at the Mexico–US border, go through the Greater Houston
Houston
area, and continue on to Michigan at the Canada–US border. All of Interstate 69 has been completed in the Greater Houston area. Further information: List of highways in Houston–The Woodlands-Sugar Land MSA

MASS TRANSIT

METRORail
METRORail
in downtown Houston
Houston

The Metropolitan Transit Authority of Harris County, Texas
Texas
, or METRO, provides public transportation in the form of buses, trolleys, and lift vans.

METRO began running light rail service ( METRORail
METRORail
) on January 1, 2004. Currently, the track is rather short — about 22.7 miles (20.6 km) from Northline Transit Center Station through downtown Houston
Houston
to the Texas
Texas
Medical Center and Reliant Park , and lines from downtown to the East End and the University of Houston/Lower 3rd Ward. Still, the system is traveled by about 61,000 people daily, giving it the second-highest ridership per track mile in the nation. The Uptown Light Rail Line has been converted to a BRT Line and began construction in the late 2nd quarter of 2016. The BRT Line will run between the former NW Mall (which is in the process of redevelopment) and the WestPark TC. METRO's various forms of public transportation still do not connect multiple suburbs to the inner city (defined by the 610 loop), causing Houstonians to rely on the automobile as a primary source of transportation. The problem is one due the lack of a central metropolitan area transportation authority, primarily due to a few suburban counties refusing to cooperate with METRO. For example, there are multiple coach bus services that run into downtown Houston. METRO is in the late planning stages of the US 90 Commuter line which will service the Ft Bend County and SW Harris County suburban region. Prior to the opening of METRORail, Houston
Houston
was the largest large major city in the United States
United States
without a rail transit system.

Following a successful referendum held locally in 2004, METRO is currently in the beginning design phases of a 10-year expansion plan to add five more sections to connect to the current rail system. An 8.3-mile (13.4-km) expansion has been approved to run the service from Uptown through Texas
Texas
Southern University, ending at the University of Houston
Houston
campus.

Some areas in east Harris County are served by Harris County Transit .

AIRPORTS

See also: Transportation in Houston
Houston
§ Airports , and List of airports in the Greater Houston
Houston
Area

Houston's largest airport (and Texas's second-largest), George Bush Intercontinental Airport , is located in north Houston.

In 2010, Continental Airlines
Continental Airlines
moved its headquarters from downtown Houston
Houston
to downtown Chicago. The southeast of Houston
Houston
has William P. Hobby Airport , the second-largest commercial passenger airport. Houston's third-largest airport is Ellington Field
Ellington Field
, which houses several National Guard and Air National Guard units, as well as a United States
United States
Coast Guard air station and the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center 's fleet of jets that are used to train astronauts. Sugar Land has the Sugar Land Regional Airport , which is the fourth-largest airport in the metropolitan area. Both Sugar Land Regional and Ellington Field
Ellington Field
serve as reliever airports for the Houston
Houston
Airport System.

INTERCITY RAIL

Amtrak
Amtrak
provides intercity rail service to the Houston
Houston
station.

INTERCITY BUS

Greyhound Bus Lines operates services from three bus stations in the City of Houston:

* Houston
Houston
Greyhound Station at 2121 South Main Street * Americanos U.S. L.L.C. ( Houston
Houston
Southeast) at 7218 Harrisburg Blvd. * Agencia Autobuses ( Houston
Houston
Southwest) at 6590 Southwest Freeway

In addition, Greyhound operates services from two stops

* Houston
Houston
Aau * Houston
Houston
( Amtrak
Amtrak
station)

Greyhound also operates services to stops within other cities in the Greater Houston
Houston
area, including:

* Angleton (at Save Step Food Mart) * Baytown (at Baytown Travel Express) * Conroe (at Shell ) * Katy (at Sunmart Texaco
Texaco
) * Prairie
Prairie
View (at Unco Food Store) * Rosenberg (at Shell-McDonald\'s )

Three Megabus stations additionally serve the Houston
Houston
area:

* Downtown - a parking lot located at 815 Pierce St across the street from METRO 's Downtown Transit Center * Northwest Houston
Houston
- a Shell gas station located at 13250 FM 1960. * Katy Mills Mall - at Entrance 5, 5000 Katy Mills Circle.

POLITICS

This article needs to be UPDATED. Please update this article to reflect recent events or newly available information. (May 2013)

Politically, the Greater Houston
Houston
area has historically been divided between areas of strength of the Republican and Democratic parties.

The city of Houston
Houston
has historically voted Democratic except for its affluent western and west-central portions, including the River Oaks , Westchase , Memorial , and Uptown areas, as well as the Kingwood and Clear Lake City master-planned communities on Houston's far northeast and southeast sides, respectively. All these areas, populated mostly by wealthy WASPS, favor and are almost entirely represented both in Congress and in the Texas
Texas
Legislature by Republicans. Democrats' strongest areas are within Loop 610, and in the largely poor and minority northern, eastern, and southern portions of Houston. Most of these areas have sizable Hispanic populations, though some northern and southern parts of the city have mostly notable African American communities. Democrats are also stronger in the more liberal Neartown area, which is home to a large artist and LGBT community, and Alief , which houses a sizable Asian American population. In 2008, almost every county in the region voted for Republican John McCain ; only Harris County was won by Democratic candidate Barack Obama
Barack Obama
, by a small margin (51%–49%). Galveston has long been a staunch Democratic stronghold, with the most active Democratic county establishment in the state.

Houston's suburbs are also politically divided. Such examples:

* Pasadena, which went for Barack Obama
Barack Obama
, is heavily Hispanic and lower-middle class on its north side, which favors Democrats, and slightly more affluent on its south side, which favors Republicans. A northwestern section of the city is represented by Democrat Ana Hernandez (District 143), while the city's central core, which contains most of its population, is represented by Republican Robert Talton (District 144). A small, largely unincorporated southeastern section of the city is represented by Republican John Davis (District 129), who also represents the NASA
NASA
Johnson Space Center . Hernandez's district is also home to Galena Park and Jacinto City , which also have large Hispanic populations who favor Democrats. * In Fort Bend County, southwest of Houston, Democrats are strongest in northern Missouri City and older sections of Rosenberg , which are home to large numbers of African American and Hispanic voters, while more affluent and white areas of the county, such as Sugar Land, Katy, and Sienna Plantation , are heavily Republican. These areas house sizable Asian American populations, many but not the majority are largely probusiness and favor Republicans, though a sizable community of Democratic business owners does exist among the area's Asian caucuses. In the 2008 election, John McCain won the county by 51% to 49%. Republicans control every county-wide elected office.. * Montgomery County, north of Houston, is a Republican stronghold, supported by voters in affluent communities on Lake Conroe
Lake Conroe
and in The Woodlands. Rural residents of the county, though primarily lower- and middle-class, tend to be very socially conservative and also have a substantial Republican following. However, the city of Conroe proper, the county seat, tends to lean Democratic. Although The Woodlands is home to many corporate transplants from Europe, Japan, Canada, and Australia, who tend to be of a more liberal persuasion, most of these people are not U.S. citizens, thus have little impact on the voting trends of the county. * The mainland areas of Galveston County, north of Galveston Island, have also become increasingly divided on political issues. Democrats have a presence in La Marque and Texas
Texas
City , both of which are home to large numbers of unionized refinery workers and African Americans, a traditionally Democratic voting bloc. However, Democrats' strength in this area is increasingly being superseded by newer developments in the northern areas of the county around Friendswood and League City that favor Republicans. * Brazoria County , south of Houston, is heavily Republican, especially in rural areas and in central portions of the county, such as Manvel , Alvin , and Angleton . However, Democrats perform strongly in southern portions of the county such as Lake Jackson , Clute , and Freeport due to its large Hispanic population, as well as its large base of unionized refinery workers. Additionally, the northern areas of the county around fast-growing Pearland have recently become more moderate and even Democratic compared to the rest of the county due to its ethnic diversity, as well as large numbers of Northern and West Coast transplants. * In Liberty County , east of Houston, Republicans are represented at the state and federal levels, and the county went strongly for John McCain in 2008. However, Democrats hold a near-monopoly in county politics, though in 2006, it elected a countywide Republican (the County Treasurer position) for the first time since Reconstruction. * Chambers County , between Harris and Jefferson Counties, is one of the most Republican counties in the area. According to the Office of the Secretary of State, in 2008, Republicans carried all of the candidates except for one Democratic judge, who ran unopposed. The county went 75% for John McCain over Barack Obama. The same held true in 2010, when Republicans won all county-wide elections ranging from 71% to 91%.

UNITED STATES CONGRESS

SENATORS NAME PARTY FIRST ELECTED LEVEL

Senate Class 1 Ted Cruz Republican 2012 Junior Senator

Senate Class 2 John Cornyn Republican 2002 Senior Senator

REPRESENTATIVES NAME PARTY FIRST ELECTED AREA(S) OF GREATER HOUSTON REPRESENTED

District 2 Ted Poe Republican 2004 Kingwood portion of Houston, Spring, northeast Harris County (including Baytown, Humble and La Porte), western and southern Liberty County

District 7 John Culberson Republican 2000 West Houston, Memorial Villages, Bellaire, West University Place, west and northwest Harris County

District 8 Kevin Brady Republican 1996 Montgomery and San Jacinto counties; northern Liberty County

District 9 Al Green Democratic 2004 Alief, Southwest Houston, Houston’s Southside, portions of Fort Bend County (Mission Bend, eastern portion of Stafford, northern and eastern portions of Missouri City, county’s entire share of Houston)

District 10 Michael McCaul Republican 2004 Northwest Harris County; Austin and Waller counties; most of the Greater Katy area

District 18 Sheila Jackson Lee Democratic 1994 Downtown Houston, Bush IAH, northwest and northeast Houston, inner portions of Houston’s Southside

District 22 Pete Olson Republican 2008 most of Fort Bend County (Sugar Land, Rosenberg, the southern portion of Greater Katy, plus western and southern portions of Missouri City), northern Brazoria County (including Pearland), portions of Galveston County (La Marque), southern and central Pasadena, Deer Park

District 29 Gene Green Democratic 1992 East Houston, northern Pasadena, Galena Park, Channelview (all Harris County)

District 36 Brian Babin Republican 2014 Southeastern and eastern parts of Harris County (including the Lyndon B. Johnson Space Center )

TEXAS LEGISLATURE

Texas
Texas
Senate

DISTRICT NAME PARTY FIRST ELECTED AREA(S) OF GREATER HOUSTON REPRESENTED

3 Robert Nichols Republican 2006 Northern and western Montgomery County (including Conroe), San Jacinto County

4 Brandon Creighton Republican 2014 Southern Montgomery County (including The Woodlands), Kingwood, Liberty County, Chambers County, far eastern portions of Baytown

6 Sylvia Garcia Democratic 2013 (special election) Houston
Houston
Ship Channel, eastern portions of Houston, Jacinto City, Galena Park, northern Pasadena, western portion of Baytown

7 Paul Bettencourt Republican 2015 Memorial Villages, Memorial/Spring Branch area, Addicks Reservoir, Northwest Harris County

11 Larry Taylor Republican 2013 Northern and central Brazoria County, southeastern portions of Houston
Houston
and Harris County, the Galveston County mainland, and all areas roughly north of SH 87 on Galveston Island.

13 Borris Miles Democratic 2017 Downtown Houston, Texas
Texas
Medical Center, southwest and northeast Houston, Houston’s Southside, northern portions of Missouri City, Stafford

15 John Whitmire Democratic 1983 Northwest Houston, Bush IAH, southern portion of Humble, eastern Harris County

17 Joan Huffman Republican 2008 Meyerland, Bellaire, West University Place, much of Katy area, far west Houston, Barker Reservoir, portions of Fort Bend County (Sugar Land and southern Missouri City) southern Brazoria County, the area of Galveston Island south of SH 87 , entire Bolivar Peninsula, and Port Arthur.

18 Lois Kolkhorst Republican 2015 Austin, Waller and Wharton counties; western Fort Bend County

Texas
Texas
House Of Representatives

DISTRICT NAME PARTY FIRST ELECTED AREA(S) OF GREATER HOUSTON REPRESENTED

3 Cecil Bell Jr. Republican 2013 Waller County, Montgomery County

13 Leighton Schubert Republican 2015 Austin County

15 Mark Keough Republican 2014 The Woodlands, southern Montgomery County

16 Will Metcalf Republican 2015 Northern and central Montgomery County (including Conroe)

18 Ernest Bailes Republican 2017 San Jacinto County, Liberty County, Walker County

23 Wayne Faircloth Republican 2015 Galveston, Texas
Texas
City, Bolivar Peninsula, Chambers County

24 Greg Bonnen Republican 2013 Hitchcock, La Marque, Santa Fe, Dickinson, League City, Friendswood (all in Galveston County)

25 Dennis Bonnen Republican 1996 Southern Brazoria County (Lake Jackson, Angleton, Freeport)

26 Rick Miller Republican 2013 Sugar Land

126 Kevin Roberts Republican 2017 Champions/FM 1960

127 Dan Huberty Republican 2011 Kingwood, Lake Houston, Crosby, Wallisville

128 Briscoe Cain Republican 2017 East Harris County (Baytown, Deer Park, La Porte)

129 Dennis Paul Republican 2015 Southeast Harris County (Clear Lake City Area, NASA
NASA
Johnson Space Center)

130 Tom Oliverson Republican 2017 Northwest Harris County (including Tomball and Cypress-Fairbanks areas)

131 Alma Allen Democratic 2004 Outer portions of Houston’s Southside

132 Mike Schofield Republican 2015 West Harris County (including county’s share of Katy and unincorporated western parts of the Katy area)

133 Jim Murphy Republican 2006 West Houston, western portion of Memorial/Spring Branch, part of the Energy Corridor

134 Sarah Davis Republican 2006 Inner western portions of Houston
Houston
(including Meyerland, River Oaks and Memorial Park), Texas
Texas
Medical Center, West University Place, Bellaire, Southside Place

135 Gary Elkins Republican 1994 Parts of northwest Harris County (including Jersey Village) and southeastern segments of the Champions/FM 1960 area

136 Beverly Woolley Republican 1994 Memorial Villages and surrounding areas

137 Gene Wu Democratic 2013 Southwest Houston
Houston
(including Sharpstown, Westwood and Fondren Southwest)

138 Dwayne Bohac Republican 2002 Northwest Houston
Houston
and parts of the Memorial/Spring Branch area north of I-10, Addicks Reservoir

139 Jarvis Johnson Democratic 2016 North Houston
Houston
and Aldine west of I-45

140 Armando Walle Democratic 2008 North Houston
Houston
and Aldine east of I-45

141 Senfronia Thompson Democratic 1972 Northeast Houston, Bush IAH, Greenspoint, southern portion of Humble

143 Ana Hernandez Democratic 2005 (special election filling the unexpired term of Joe Moreno) East Houston
Houston
within Loop 610, Houston
Houston
Ship Channel, Galena Park, Jacinto City, northern Pasadena

; 144 Mary Ann Perez Democratic 2017 Southern Pasadena, far southeast Houston

145 Carol Alvarado Democratic 2009 Inner southeastern portions of Houston
Houston
(mainly east of I-45), South Houston
Houston
(not part of the city of Houston)

146 Shawn Thierry Democratic 2017 Inner portions of Houston’s Southside

147 Garnet Coleman Democratic 1991 (special election filling the unexpired term of Larry Evans) Downtown Houston, inner southeastern portions of Houston
Houston
(mainly west of I-45)

148 Jessica Farrar Democratic 1994 Northwest Houston
Houston
mainly within Loop 610 (including Houston Heights)

149 Hubert Vo Democratic 2004 Far west Houston, Alief, unincorporated portions of Katy area east of Fry Rd, Barker Reservoir

150 Valoree Swanson Republican 2017 Northern Harris County (Spring, Klein, northern Humble)

SEE ALSO

* Harris County, Texas
Texas

PORTALS Access related topics

* HOUSTON PORTAL * TEXAS PORTAL * UNITED STATES PORTAL

REFERENCES

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Texas
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Houston
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Houston
5th in metro population rankings, study shows". * ^ SCHNEIDER, MIKE; HOLLAND, JESSE J. (March 26, 2015). "CENSUS: FLORIDA CITY TOPS LIST OF FASTEST-GROWING AREAS". Associated Press. Archived from the original on March 28, 2015. Retrieved March 27, 2015. The Houston-The Woodlands-Sugar Land metro area was also the top in metro area numerical increase with 156,371 people added between 2013 and 2014, followed by the Dallas-Fort Worth-Arlington area with a 131,217-person increase and the New York-Newark-Jersey City-Pennsylvania area with a 90,797-person increase. * ^ Houston-Sugar Land-Baytown, TX Metropolitan Statistical Area (CBSA) Population and Components of Change Archived January 25, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
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Houston
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Houston
was a flood disaster in the making. Why didn\'t somebody do something?". Los Angeles Times. ISSN 0458-3035 . Retrieved 2017-12-09. * ^ al.pdf Mapping Active Faults in the Houston
Houston
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Houston
Area, Texas
Texas
Archived December 5, 2009, at the Wayback Machine
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Houston
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Business Journal . September 13, 2011. Retrieved on September 20, 2011. * ^ "Facts and Figures - Greater Houston
Houston
Partnership". September 7, 2012. Archived from the original on September 7, 2012. Retrieved May 2, 2017. * ^ Badenhausen, Kurt (May 4, 2006). "Best Places For Business And Careers". Forbes. * ^ "Nominal 2012 GDP for the world and the European Union (EU)". World Economic Outlook Database, October 2013. International Monetary Fund . Retrieved October 8, 2013. External link in work= (help ) * ^ A B * ^ Ocean Shipping from the Handbook of Texas
Texas
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Houston
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Texas
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* ^ Russo, Gene (June 18, 2009). "Texas-sized challenge". Nature Magazine. Nature Publishing Group (a division of Macmillan). 459 (7249): 1022–1023. doi :10.1038/nj7249-1022a . Greater Houston
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Texas
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Houston
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Chronicle. Retrieved May 31, 2011. * ^ A B "The Economic Impact of Higher Education on Houston: A Case Study of the University of Houston
Houston
System" (PDF). University of Houston
Houston
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Houston
International Protocol Alliance". Archived from the original on July 18, 2010. Retrieved June 22, 2010. * ^ "Best Places to Live 2006". CNN. Archived from the original on November 23, 2010. Retrieved May 4, 2010. * ^ http://www.atkearney.com/images/global/pdf/Urban_Elite-GCI_2010.pdf * ^ "GaWC - The World According to GaWC 2008". Lboro.ac.uk. April 13, 2010. Retrieved July 21, 2013. * ^ " Houston
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Houston
Press. Retrieved January 26, 2007. * ^ "The Galveston County Daily News". Galvestondailynews.com. Archived from the original on October 8, 2008. Retrieved October 28, 2008. * ^ Jones, Leigh (March 10, 2009). "Island radio station making a comeback". The Galveston County Daily News. Archived from the original on February 9, 2010. Retrieved October 4, 2009. * ^ Bonnin, Richard. "Carnegie Foundation Gives University of Houston
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its Highest Classification for Research Success, Elevating UH to Tier One Status". University of Houston. Retrieved February 8, 2011. * ^ "UH achieves Tier One status in research". Houston
Houston
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* ^ "County Results - Election Center 2008 - Elections & Politics from CNN.com". CNN. Retrieved May 4, 2010. * ^ "Galveston County Democratic Party". Retrieved May 2, 2017. * ^ "Mario Gallegos, Senate champion for Hispanics, dies at 62 - Houston
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Chronicle". Chron.com. October 16, 2012. Retrieved July 21, 2013.

FURTHER READING

* Weisman, Alan (2007). The world without us. New York: Macmillan. ISBN 978-0-312-34729-1 . * "Regional Growth Forecast 2035." (Archive) Houston-Galveston Area Council (H-GAC). August 2006.

EXTERNAL LINKS

* Greater Houston
Houston
Partnership * The Center for Houston\'s Future

* v * t * e

Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land

.