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The Great Glen
Glen
(Scottish Gaelic: An Gleann Mòr pronounced [an ˈkʲlaun̪ˠ ˈmoːɾ]), also known as Glen
Glen
Albyn (from the Scottish Gaelic Gleann Albainn " Glen
Glen
of Scotland") or Glen
Glen
More (from the Scottish Gaelic
Scottish Gaelic
An Gleann Mòr) is a long and straight glen in Scotland
Scotland
running for 62 miles (100 km) from Inverness
Inverness
on the edge of Moray Firth, to Fort William at the head of Loch
Loch
Linnhe.

The Great Fault

The Great Glen
Glen
follows a large geological fault known as the Great Glen
Glen
Fault. It bisects the Scottish Highlands
Scottish Highlands
into the Grampian Mountains to the southeast and the Northwest Highlands
Northwest Highlands
to the northwest. The glen is a natural travelling route in the Highlands of Scotland, which is used by both the Caledonian Canal
Caledonian Canal
and the A82 road, which link the city of Inverness
Inverness
on the northeast coast with Fort William on the west coast. The Invergarry and Fort Augustus Railway
Invergarry and Fort Augustus Railway
was built in 1896 from the southern end of the glen to the southern end of Loch Ness, but was never extended to Inverness. The railway closed in 1947. A recent development was the opening of a long-distance route for cyclists, canoeists, and walkers. Called the Great Glen
Glen
Way, it links Fort William to Inverness.[1] Officially opened on 30 April 2002 by the Earl of Inverness, the route is a series of footpaths, forestry tracks, canal paths and occasional stretches of road.[2][3] Its strategic importance in controlling the Highland Scottish clans, particularly around the time of the Jacobite risings
Jacobite risings
of the 18th century, is recognised by the presence of the towns of Fort William in the south, Fort Augustus
Fort Augustus
in the middle of the Glen, and Fort George, just to the north of Inverness. Much of the glen is taken up with a series of lochs, with rivers connecting them. The Caledonian Canal
Caledonian Canal
also uses the lochs as part of the route, but the rivers are not navigable. From northeast to southwest, the natural water features along the Great Glen
Glen
are:

River Ness
River Ness
(Abhainn Nis) Loch
Loch
Dochfour ( Loch
Loch
Dabhach Phuir) Loch Ness
Loch Ness
( Loch
Loch
Nis) River Oich
River Oich
(Abhainn Omhaich) Loch
Loch
Oich ( Loch
Loch
Omhaich) Loch
Loch
Lochy ( Loch
Loch
Lochaidh) River Lochy
River Lochy
(Abhainn Lochaidh) Loch Linnhe
Loch Linnhe
(An Linne Dhubh)

The watershed, or water-divide, lies between Loch
Loch
Oich and Loch
Loch
Lochy. Loch Linnhe
Loch Linnhe
to the south of Fort William is a sea-loch into which both the River Lochy
River Lochy
and Caledonian Canal
Caledonian Canal
emerge. At the north end, the River Ness
River Ness
empties into the Moray Firth. Seismic activity[edit] Although earthquakes in the vicinity of the Great Glen
Glen
Fault tend to be minor, seismic activity is a consideration in the design of infrastructure. For example, the Kessock Bridge
Kessock Bridge
includes seismic buffers.[4] References[edit]

^ The Great Glen
Glen
Way, Paddy Dillon, Cicerone, 2007 ^ http://www.outdoorhighlands.co.uk/long-distance-trails/great-glen-way-2/route/ ^ http://www.greatglencanoetrail.info/ ^ Preece, Robert (1995). "Earthquakes in the Inverness
Inverness
Area". Scottish Association of Geography Teachers' Journal. Inverness
Inverness
Royal Academy (24). The Kessock Bridge, opened in 1982 and taking the A9(T) road north from Inverness, crosses the line of the Great Glen
Glen
fault under the Moray / Beauly Firth. In consequence it has been built with seismic buffers, and these were planned during the design stage of the bridge. 

Coordinates: 57°18′00″N 4°27′00″W / 57.3000°N 4.4500°W / 57.3

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