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The Gongshan muntjac (''Muntiacus gongshanensis'') is a species of
muntjac Muntjacs ( ), also known as barking deer or rib-faced deer are small deer of the genus ''Muntiacus'' native to south and southeast Asia. Muntjacs are thought to have begun appearing 15–35 million years ago, with remains found in Miocene de ...
(a type of
deer Deer or true deer are hoofed ruminant mammals forming the family Cervidae. The two main groups of deer are the Cervinae, including the muntjac, the elk (wapiti), the red deer, the fallow deer, and the chital; and the Capreolinae, including the ...
) living in the
Gongshan Gongshan Derung and Nu Autonomous County () is located in Nujiang Lisu Autonomous Prefecture, in the northwest of Yunnan province, China. It has an area of and a population of about 37,894 according to the 2010 Census. Etymology The county is na ...
mountains in northwestern
Yunnan Yunnan () is a landlocked province in the southwest of the People's Republic of China. The province spans approximately and has a population of 48.3 million (as of 2018). The capital of the province is Kunming. The province borders the Chinese ...
, southeast
Tibet Tibet (; ; ) is a region in East Asia covering much of the Tibetan Plateau spanning about . It is the traditional homeland of the Tibetan people as well as some other ethnic groups such as Monpa, Tamang, Qiang, Sherpa, and Lhoba peoples and ...
,
Northeast India Northeast India (officially North Eastern Region, NER) is the easternmost region of India representing both a geographic and political administrative division of the country. It comprises eight states – Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Megha ...

Northeast India
(especially in
Arunachal Pradesh Arunachal Pradesh (, literally "land of dawn-lit mountains") is a state in Northeast India. It borders the states of Assam and Nagaland to the south. It shares international borders with Bhutan in the west, Myanmar in the east, and a disputed bo ...
) and northern
Myanmar Myanmar (; my, မြန်မာ ) or Burma ( my, ဗမာ ), officially the Republic of the Union of Myanmar, is a country in Southeast Asia. Myanmar is bordered by Bangladesh and India to its northwest, China to its northeast, Laos and ...
. Ongoing
hunting Hunting is the practice of seeking, pursuing and capturing or killing wildlife or feral animals. Hunting is most commonly done by humans to harvest useful animal products (meat, fur/hide, bone/tusks, horn/antler, etc), for recreation/taxidermy ...
is a major threat to its survival. While the population cannot be accurately counted, they are often seen on camera-trapping studies which suggest a population well above being endangered. Gongshan Muntjacs have been observed within two large protected areas in Myanmar, Khakaborazi National Park and the Hponkanrazi Wildlife Sanctuary. Genetic studies have shown it to be very closely related to the hairy-fronted muntjac, possibly close enough to be considered the same species despite different coloration, though this position is disputed. References of occurrence of the hairy-fronted muntjac ''Muntiacus crinifrons'' in Arunachal Pradesh are actually Gongshan muntjakc.Choudhury, A.U. (2003). ''The mammals of Arunachal Pradesh''. Regency Publications, New Delhi. 140pp


References

Muntjac Mammals of Myanmar Mammals of China Mammals of India Fauna of Yunnan Mammals described in 1990 {{eventoedungulate-stub