A glove (
Middle English from
Old English glof) is a garment covering
the whole hand. Gloves have separate sheaths or openings for each
finger and the thumb; if there is an opening but no (or a short)
covering sheath for each finger they are called fingerless gloves.
Fingerless gloves having one large opening rather than individual
openings for each finger are sometimes called gauntlets, though
gauntlets are not necessarily fingerless. Gloves which cover the
entire hand or fist but do not have separate finger openings or
sheaths are called mittens. Mittens are warmer than other styles of
gloves made of the same material because fingers maintain their warmth
better when they are in contact with each other. Reduced surface area
reduces heat loss.
A hybrid of glove and mitten contains open-ended sheaths for the four
fingers (as in a fingerless glove, but not the thumb) and an
additional compartment encapsulating the four fingers. This
compartment can be lifted off the fingers and folded back to allow the
individual fingers ease of movement and access while the hand remains
covered. The usual design is for the mitten cavity to be stitched onto
the back of the fingerless glove only, allowing it to be flipped over
(normally held back by
Velcro or a button) to transform the garment
from a mitten to a glove. These hybrids are called convertible mittens
or glittens, a combination of "glove" and "mittens".
Gloves protect and comfort hands against cold or heat, damage by
friction, abrasion or chemicals, and disease; or in turn to provide a
guard for what a bare hand should not touch. Latex, nitrile rubber or
vinyl disposable gloves are often worn by health care professionals as
hygiene and contamination protection measures. Police officers often
wear them to work in crime scenes to prevent destroying evidence in
the scene. Many criminals wear gloves to avoid leaving fingerprints,
which makes the crime investigation more difficult. However, the
gloves themselves can leave prints that are just as unique as human
fingerprints. After collecting glove prints, law enforcement can then
match them to gloves that they have collected as evidence. In many
jurisdictions the act of wearing gloves itself while committing a
crime can be prosecuted as an inchoate offense.
Fingerless gloves are useful where dexterity is required that gloves
Cigarette smokers and church organists often use
fingerless gloves. Some gloves include a gauntlet that extends partway
up the arm.
Cycling gloves for road racing or touring are usually
fingerless. Guitar players often use fingerless gloves in
circumstances where it is too cold to play with an uncovered hand.
Gloves are made of materials including cloth, knitted or felted wool,
leather, rubber, latex, neoprene, silk, and metal (as in mail). Gloves
of kevlar protect the wearer from cuts. Gloves and gauntlets are
integral components of pressure suits and spacesuits such as the
Apollo/Skylab A7L which went to the moon. Spacesuit gloves combine
toughness and environmental protection with a degree of sensitivity
2 Types of glove
2.1 Commercial and industrial
2.2 Sport and recreational
3 Fingerless gloves
4.1 Common uses
Leather dress gloves
4.2.1 Main types of gloving leather
Leather glove linings
4.3.1 Component parts
4.3.3 Some glove terms
4.4 Driving gloves
6 Safety standards
7 In popular culture and fiction
8 See also
10 External links
Minoan youths boxing,
Knossos fresco. One of the earliest documented
use of gloves.
Gloves appear to be of great antiquity. According to some translations
of Homer's The Odyssey,
Laërtes is described as wearing gloves while
walking in his garden so as to avoid the brambles. (Other
translations, however, insist that Laertes pulled his long sleeves
over his hands.) Herodotus, in The History of
Herodotus (440 BC),
Leotychides was incriminated by a glove (gauntlet) full of
silver that he received as a bribe. There are occasional references
to the use of gloves among the Romans as well. Pliny the Younger
(c. 100), his uncle's shorthand writer wore gloves in winter so
as not to impede the elder Pliny's work.
A gauntlet, which could be a glove made of leather or some kind of
metal armour, was a strategic part of a soldier's defense throughout
the Middle Ages, but the advent of firearms made hand-to-hand combat
rare. As a result, the need for gauntlets disappeared.
During the 13th century, gloves began to be worn by ladies as a
fashion ornament. They were made of linen and silk, and sometimes
reached to the elbow. Such worldly accoutrements were not for holy
women, according to the early 13th century Ancrene Wisse, written
for their guidance. Sumptuary laws were promulgated to restrain
this vanity: against samite gloves in Bologna, 1294, against perfumed
gloves in Rome, 1560.
A Paris corporation or guild of glovers (gantiers) existed from the
thirteenth century. They made them in skin or in fur.
By 1440, in England glovers had become members of the Dubbers or
Guild until they formed their own guild during the reign
of Elizabeth I. The
Glovers' Company was incorporated in 1613.
It was not until the 16th century that gloves reached their greatest
elaboration; however, when Queen Elizabeth I set the fashion for
wearing them richly embroidered and jewelled, and for putting them
on and taking them off during audiences, to draw attention to her
beautiful hands. The 1592 "Ditchley" portrait of her features her
holding leather gloves in her left hand. In Paris, the gantiers became
gantiers parfumeurs, for the scented oils, musk, ambergris and civet,
that perfumed leather gloves, but their trade, which was an
introduction at the court of Catherine de Medici, was not
specifically recognised until 1656, in a royal brevet. Makers of
knitted gloves, which did not retain perfume and had less social
cachet, were organised in a separate guild, of bonnetiers who
might knit silk as well as wool. Such workers were already organised
in the fourteenth century. Knitted gloves were a refined handiwork
that required five years of apprenticeship; defective work was subject
to confiscation and burning. In the 17th century, gloves made of
soft chicken skin became fashionable. The craze for gloves called
"limericks" took hold. This particular fad was the product of a
manufacturer in Limerick, Ireland, who fashioned the gloves from the
skin of unborn calves.
Embroidered and jeweled gloves formed part of the insignia of emperors
and kings. Thus Matthew of Paris, in recording the burial of
Henry II of England in 1189, mentions that he was buried in his
coronation robes with a golden crown on his head and gloves on his
hands. Gloves were found on the hands of King John when his tomb
was opened in 1797 and on those of King Edward I when his tomb
was opened in 1774.
Pontifical gloves are liturgical ornaments used primarily by the pope,
the cardinals, and bishops. They may be worn only at the
celebration of mass. The liturgical use of gloves has not been
traced beyond the beginning of the 10th century, and their
introduction may have been due to a simple desire to keep the hands
clean for the holy mysteries, but others suggest that they were
adopted as part of the increasing pomp with which the Carolingian
bishops were surrounding themselves. From the Frankish kingdom the
custom spread to Rome, where liturgical gloves are first heard of in
the earlier half of the 11th century.
Portrait of Mme. Paulin wearing gloves, Pierre Auguste Renoir
When short sleeves came into fashion in the 1700s, women began to wear
long gloves, reaching halfway up the forearm. By the 1870s, buttoned
kid, silk, or velvet gloves were worn with evening or dinner dress,
and long suede gloves were worn during the day and when having
In 1905, The Law Times made one of the first references to the use of
gloves by criminals to hide fingerprints, stating: For the future...
when the burglar goes a-burgling, a pair of gloves will form a
necessary part of his outfit.
Formula One race cars used steering wheels taken directly from
road cars. They were normally made from wood, necessitating the use of
Disposable latex gloves were developed by the Australian company
Tommie Smith and
John Carlos held up their leather glove-clad fists at
the awards ceremony of the 1968 Summer Olympics. Their actions were
intended to symbolize Black Power. They were banned from the Olympics
for life as a result of the incident. Yet another of the more infamous
episodes involving a leather glove came during the 1995 O.J. Simpson
murder case in which Simpson demonstrated that the glove purportedly
used in the alleged murder was too small to fit his hand.
Types of glove
Commercial and industrial
A disposable nitrile rubber glove
Aircrew gloves: fire resistant
Barbed wire handler's gloves
Chainmail gloves are used by butchers, woodcutters and police
Chainsaw safety gloves
Anti Vibration gloves
Disposable gloves can be used by anyone from doctors examining
patients to caregivers changing diapers.
Food service gloves
Impact protection gloves
Impact gloves: Often used in the oil and gas industry.
Sport and recreational
Dry scuba gloves
Racing drivers gloves
American football various position gloves
Baseball glove or catcher's mitt: in baseball, the players in the
field wear gloves to help them catch the ball and prevent injury to
Boxing gloves: a specialized padded mitten
The batsmen wear gloves with heavy padding on the back, to protect the
fingers in case of being struck with the ball.
The wicket keeper wears large webbed gloves.
Driving gloves intended to improve the grip on the steering wheel.
Driving gloves have external seams, open knuckles, open backs,
ventilation holes, short cuffs, and wrist snaps. The most luxurious
are made from
Peccary gloving leather.
Eton Fives glove
Football – Goalkeeper glove
Ice hockey glove
Oven gloves – or Oven mitts, used when cooking
Racing drivers gloves with long cuffs, intended for protection against
heat and flame for drivers in automobile competitions.
Scuba diving gloves:
Cotton gloves; good abrasion, but no thermal protection
dry gloves; made of rubber with a latex wrist seal to prevent water
Wet gloves; made of neoprene and allowing water entry
Biathlon glove – an articulated padded combination of a skiing glove
and a shooting glove, offers cold temperature protection outside in
winter, as well as padding to support the .22lr ammunition
single-action / Fortner-action biathlon rifle, and is suitable for
using with poles in cross country skiing.
Pistol glove – used in competition pistol shooting to improve
performance and cushion the shooting hand.
Target rifle glove – open-fingered heavily padded one-hand
(non-shooting) glove with non-skid surfaces, used to support the rifle
in prone shooting position. Also may be used in kneeling, sitting and
standing positions. The glove cushions and distributes the weight of
the rifle, which varies from 3 kilograms (6.6 lb) to 7 kilograms
(15 lb), depending on type of rifle stock used.
Touchscreen gloves, fingertip type
Skiing gloves are padded and reinforced to protect from the cold, and
from injury by skis.
Touchscreen gloves – made with conductive material to enable the
wearer's natural electric capacitance to interact with capacitive
touchscreen devices without the need to remove one's gloves
Finger tip conductivity; where conductive yarns or a conductive patch
is found only on the tips of the fingers (typically the index finger
and thumb) thus allowing for basic touch response
Full hand conductivity; where the entire glove is made from conductive
materials allowing for robust tactile touch and dexterity good for
accurate typing and multi-touch response
Underwater Hockey gloves – with protective padding, usually of
silicone rubber or latex, across the back of the fingers and knuckles
to protect from impact with the puck; usually only one, either left-
or right-hand, is worn depending on which is the playing hand.
Washing mitt or
Washing glove: a tool for washing the body (one's own,
or of a child, a patient, a lover).
Webbed gloves – a swim training device or swimming aid.
Power Glove – an alternate controller for use with the Nintendo
Wheelchair gloves – for users of manual Wheelchairs
Main article: Evening glove
Western lady's gloves for formal and semi-formal wear come in three
lengths: wrist ("matinee"), elbow, and opera or full-length (over the
elbow, reaching to the biceps). Satin and stretch satin are popular
and mass-produced. Some women wear gloves as part of "dressy" outfits,
such as for church and weddings. Long white gloves are common
accessories for teenage girls attending formal events such as prom,
quinceañera, cotillion, or formal ceremonies at church, such as
In Japan, white gloves are worn frequently. Work-oriented white gloves
are worn for activities such as gardening and cleanup; "dress" white
gloves are worn by professionals who want a clean public appearance,
such as taxi drivers, police, politicians and elevator operators.
However white gloves are not recommended for touching old books and
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Leather fingerless gloves
Fingerless gloves or "glovelettes" are garments worn on the hands
which resemble regular gloves in most ways, except that the finger
columns are half-length and opened, allowing the top-half of the
wearer's fingers to be shown.
Fingerless gloves are often padded in the palm area, to provide
protection to the hand, and the exposed fingers do not interfere with
sensation or gripping. In contrast to traditional full gloves, often
worn for warmth, fingerless gloves will often have a ventilated back
to allow the hands to cool; this is commonly seen in weightlifting
Fingerless gloves are worn by motorcyclists to better grip the
handlebars, as well as by skateboarders and rollerbladers, to protect
the palms of the hands and add grip in the event of a fall. Some
anglers, particularly fly fishermen, favour fingerless gloves to allow
manipulation of line and tackle in cooler conditions. Fingerless
gloves are common among marching band members, particularly those who
play the clarinet or open-hole flute, due to the difficulty of
covering small holes whilst wearing gloves. The lack of fabric on the
fingertips allows for better use of touchscreens, as on smartphones
and tablet computers. Professional MMA fighters are required to wear
fingerless gloves in fights.
Lined black leather gloves with red leather fourchettes
A leather glove is a fitted covering for the hand with a separate
sheath for each finger and the thumb. This covering is composed of the
tanned hide of an animal (with the hair removed), though in recent
years it is more common for the leather to be synthetic.
Leather gloves have been worn by people for thousands of years. The
unique properties of leather allow for both a comfortable fit and
useful grip for the wearer. The grain present on the leather and the
pores present in the leather gives the gloves the unique ability to
assist the wearer as they grip an object. As soft as a leather glove
may be, its pores and grain provide a level of friction when "gripped"
against an item or surface.
A common use for leather gloves is sporting events. In baseball, a
baseball glove is an oversized leather glove with a web used for
fielding the ball.
Leather gloves are also used in handball, cycling,
and American football.
Formula One racing drivers used steering wheels taken directly
from road cars. They were normally made from wood, necessitating the
use of driving gloves.
Leather gloves provide protection from occupational hazards. For
example, beekeepers use leather gloves to avoid being stung by bees.
Construction workers might use leather gloves for added grip and for
protecting their hands.
Welders use gloves too for protection against
electrical shocks, extreme heat, ultraviolet and infrared.
Criminals have been known to wear leather gloves during the commission
of crimes. Gloves are worn by criminals because the tactile properties
of the leather allow for good grip and dexterity. These properties are
the result of a grain present on the surface of the leather. The grain
makes the surface of the leather unique to each glove. Investigators
are able to dust for the glove prints left behind from the leather the
same way in which they dust for fingerprints.
Leather dress gloves
Main types of gloving leather
Leather is a natural product with special characteristics that make it
comfortable to wear, and give it great strength and flexibility.
Because it is a natural product, with its own unique variations, every
piece has its own individual characteristics. As they are worn and
used, leather gloves (especially if they fit snugly) will conform to
the wearer's hand. As this occurs the leather of the glove will become
more malleable, and thus softer and more supple. This process is known
as 'breaking-in' the glove. Overtime wear spots may appear on certain
parts of the palm and fingertips, due to the constant use of those
areas of the glove. Creases and wrinkles will appear on the palm side
of the leather glove and will generally correspond to the locations of
the hinge joints of the wearer's hands, including the interphalangeal
articulations of hand, metacarpophalangeal joints, intercarpal
articulations, and wrists.
Because the leather is natural as well as delicate, the wearer must
take precaution as to not damage them. The constant handling of damp
or wet surfaces will discolor lighter-colored gloves and stiffen the
leather of any glove. The wearer will often unknowingly damage or
stain their gloves while doing such tasks as twisting a wet door knob
or wiping a running nose with a gloved hand.
Leather dress gloves that are worn very tight and possess very short,
elasticized wrists, are most often referred to as cop gloves or law
enforcement gloves because of their prevalence as issued duty gloves
for many law enforcement agencies. It is common attire in leather
Lambskin is widely used for fashion gloves and it is casual and
country gloves. It is the most used material for gloves made in Europe
in the known as French style.
Cowhide is often used for lower-priced gloves. This leather is
generally considered too thick and bulky for the majority of glove
styles, particularly finer dress gloves. It is, however, used for some
casual styles of glove.
Deerskin has the benefit of great strength and elasticity, but has a
more rugged appearance, with more grain on the surface, than
"hairsheep". It is very hard-wearing and heavier in weight.
Goatskin is occasionally used for gloves. It is hard-wearing but
coarser than other leathers and is normally used for cheaper gloves.
Hairsheep originates from sheep that grow hair, not wool. Hairsheep
leather is finer and less bulky than other leathers. Its major
benefits are softness of touch, suppleness, strength, and lasting
comfort. It is very durable and is particularly suited for the
manufacture of dress gloves.
Peccary is the world’s rarest and most luxurious gloving leather.
Peccary leather is very soft, difficult to sew, and hard-wearing.
Sheepskin, also called shearling, is widely used for casual and
country gloves. It is very warm in cold weather, and as a leather
reversed, it has still attached wool on the inside.
Slink lamb is used only in the most expensive lambskin gloves. Some of
the finest lambskin comes from New Zealand.
Leather glove linings
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Cashmere is warm, light in weight, and very comfortable to wear.
Cashmere yarn comes from the hair of mountain goats, whose fleece
allows them to survive the extreme weather conditions they are exposed
Silk is warm in winter and cool in summer and is used both in men's
and women's gloves, but is more popular in women's.
Wool is well known for its natural warmth and comfort, as well as
having a natural elasticity.
Other linings, which include wool mixtures and acrylics.
The component parts that may be found in a leather dress glove are one
pair of tranks, one pair of thumbs, four whole fourchettes, four half
fourchettes, two gussets, and six quirks. Depending on the style of
the glove there may also be roller pieces, straps, rollers, eyelets,
studs, sockets and domes. Finally, linings will themselves consist of
tranks, thumbs and fourchettes.
The most popular types of leather glove sewing stitches used today
Hand stitched, which is most popular in men's gloves and some women's
Hand stitching is a very time-consuming and skilled process.
Inseam, which is mainly used on women's gloves, but occasionally on
men's dress gloves.
Some glove terms
Button length is the measurement in inches that is used to determine
the length/measurement from the base of the glove thumb to the cuff of
Fourchettes are the inside panels on the fingers of some glove styles.
Perforations are small holes that are punched in the leather. They are
often added for better ventilation, grip, or aesthetics and can be as
fine as a pin hole.
Points are the three, or sometimes single, line of decorative
stitching on the back of the glove.
Quirks are found on only the most expensive hand sewn gloves. They are
small diamond shaped pieces of leather sewn at the base of the
fingers, where they are attached to the hand of the glove to improve
A strap and roller is used to adjust the closeness of the fit around
A Vent is the 'V' shaped cut out of the glove, sometimes at the back,
but more often on the palm, to give the glove an easier fit around the
Rick Mastracchio's damaged glove during STS-118
Driving gloves are designed for holding a steering wheel and
transmitting the feeling of the road to the driver. They provide a
good feel and protect the hands. They are designed to be worn tight
and to not interfere with hand movements. The increased grip allows
for more control and increased safety at speed.
True driver’s gloves offer tactile advantages to drivers frequently
handling a car near the limits of adhesion. Made of soft leather,
drivers gloves are unlined with external seams.
Further information: Driving glove
"Mitten" redirects here. For other uses, see Mitten (other).
Gloves which cover the entire hand but do not have separate finger
openings or sheaths are called mittens. Generally, mittens still
separate the thumb from the other four fingers. They have different
colours and designs. Mittens have a higher thermal efficiency than
gloves as they have a smaller surface area exposed to the cold.
The earliest mittens known to archeologists date to around 1000
A.D. in Latvia. Mittens continue to be part of Latvian national
Wool biodegrades quickly, so it is likely that
earlier mittens, possibly in other countries, may have existed but
were not preserved. An exception is the specimen found during the
excavations of the Early Medieval trading town of Dorestad in the
Netherlands. In the harbour area a mitten of wool was discovered
dating from the 8th or early 9th century.
Many people around the Arctic Circle have used mittens, including
other Baltic peoples, Native Americans and Vikings. Mittens
are a common sight on ski slopes, as they not only provide extra
warmth but extra protection from injury.
Idiot mittens are two mittens connected by a length of yarn, string or
lace, threaded through the sleeves of a coat. This arrangement is
typically provided for small children to prevent the mittens becoming
discarded and lost; when removed, the mittens simply dangle from the
string just beyond the cuff of the sleeve.
Hybrid glove / mitten
Gunner's Mittens – In the 1930s, special fingerless mittens were
introduced that have a flap located in the palm of the mitten so a
hunter or soldier could have his finger free to fire his weapon.
Originally developed for hunters in the frigid zones of the US and
Canada, eventually most military organizations copied them.
Scratch mitts do not separate the thumb, and are designed to prevent
babies – who do not yet have fine motor control – from
scratching their faces.
Several European standards relate to gloves. These include:
Antivibration protective gloves.
EN 388: Protective against mechanical risks (abrasion / cut / tear /
EN 374: Protective against chemical and microorganisms
EN 420: General requirements for gloves includes sizing and a number
of health and safety aspects including latex protein and chromium
EN 60903: Electric shock
EN 511: Cold resistance
EN 1149: Antistatic
EN 10819: Anti Vibration gloves (TRM – Transmission Ratio Medium
frequency range, TRH – Transmission Ratio High frequency range)
These exist to fulfill
Personal protective equipment
Personal protective equipment (PPE)
PPE places gloves into three categories:
Minimal risk – End user can easily identify risk. Risk is low.
Complex design – Used in situations that can cause serious injury or
Intermediate – Gloves that don't fit into minimal risk or complex
In popular culture and fiction
A footballer's goalkeeper glove from different angles
Countless fictional characters have worn gloves as either part of
their dress or for specific reasons. In film, television, and other
media, villains and others attempting to conceal their fingerprints
are often depicted as wearing gloves.
Screenwriters and directors use the image of a man or woman slipping
on a pair of leather gloves to indicate knowledge that a crime is
happening. It is a common cliche in film for the hero to hold on to a
person's gloved hand, and for the person to slip out of the glove and
fall to their death. This can be seen in Batman and Indiana Jones and
the Last Crusade.
Michael Jackson's glove
Michael Jackson often wore a single jeweled glove on his right hand,
which helped develop his signature look. It has been the object of
In Bonanza, Joe Cartwright wore black leather gloves, as did Robert
Loggia in T.H.E. Cat.
In Public Enemies, FBI man
Melvin Purvis is instructed to aggressively
obtain information from all known associates and relatives of John
Dillinger, and to, "As they say in Italy, 'pull off the white
gloves'". In upcoming scenes, the FBI is shown torturing Dillinger's
captured accomplice Tommy Carroll and girlfriend Billie Frechette.
The eponymous "mad scientist" villain in the 1964 film Dr. Strangelove
wears a black leather glove on his out-of-control artificial right
In the world of Babylon 5, human telepaths are required by law to
always wear leather gloves when dealing with normal humans to prevent
accidental skin-to-skin contact.
O.J. Simpson's trial was famous for the quote "if it doesn't fit, you
must acquit" regarding a bloody glove presented as evidence. Simpson
wore gloves during the trial. The glove presented as evidence shrank
from the blood, according to some analysis.
The 1968 Olympics
Black Power salute featured two black gloves.
^ Police use glove prints to catch criminals
^ James W.H. McCord and Sandra L. McCord, Criminal Law and Procedure
for the paralegal: a systems approach, supra, p. 127.
^ a b c d e f g h i j "Gloves." Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh
^ "The History of
Herodotus by Herodotus, Volume VI, at".
Classics.mit.edu. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
^ "Pliny the Younger: Selected Letters". Fordham.edu. Retrieved
^ J. R. R. Tolkien, ed. Ancrene Wisse, 8. The English
Text of the Ancrene Riwle:
Ancrene Wisse (Early English Text Society,
CCXLIX) London 1962, noted by Diane Bornstein, The Lady in the Tower
(Hamden, Connecticut) 1983:25 note 4.
^ Marjorie O'Rourke Boyle, "Coquette at the Cross? Magdalen in the
Master of the Bartholomew Altar's Deposition at the Louvre"
Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, 59.4 (1996:573–577) assembles
numerous historical references to gloves, with bibliography.
^ Étienne-Martin Saint-Léon, Histoire des corporation de métiers
depuis leurs origines jusqu'à leur suppression en 1791 (Paris) 1922,
noted by Boyle 1996:174:10.
^ "Other [Wiltshire] industries". British History Online. Retrieved 26
^ Roy C. Strong, Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I (Oxford)
^ Charles VIII of France received some gloves that were scented
with powder of violet, but they were not of French making (Boyle
^ In the earliest usage, bonnet was the woolen thread worked by hand
with the needle or a spindle (Boyle 1996:174).
^ Boyle 1996:174
^ Jenkins, Jessica Kerwin, The Encyclopedia of the Exquisite, Nan A.
Talese/Doubleday, p. 85
^ History of gloves and their significance
^ Horace Cox, ed. (1905). The Law Times: The Journal and Record: The
Law and The Lawyers. vol. CXIX. London: The Law Times.
^ a b
Formula One  retrieved on 02/01/2011
^ a b "List of the evidence in the
O.J. Simpson double-murder trial:".
USA Today. October 18, 1996. Retrieved December 5, 2008.
Driving Gloves – The Coolest Accessory & Review of Sauso Driving
^ FIA Standard 8856-200 Protective clothing for automobile drivers 
^ Crime Labs Archived 2012-07-13 at the Wayback Machine.
^ Personal Identification: Fingerprints Archived 2009-05-22 at the
^ Held Phantom Glove: Initial Impressions
^ Chambers, Helen G., and Verna Moulton.
Clothing Selection: Fashions,
Figures, Fabrics. Page 349. Literary Licensing, Whitefish, United
States. 1961. ISBN 1258228173, 9781258228170.
^ Knowledge Center "Archived copy". Archived from the original on
2012-04-24. Retrieved 2012-05-22. Retrieved on 02/01/2011
^ "Extreme Cold". Center for Disease control. Retrieved
^ "NATO Summit 2006". Rigasummit.lv. 2006-12-15. Archived from the
original on 2009-12-21. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
^ "Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Latvia: National Costume".
Am.gov.lv. Retrieved 2010-03-16.
^ Brandenburgh, Chr., 'Textile production and trade in Dorestad',
Willemsen, A. & Kik, H. (reds.), Dorestad in an international
framework. New research on centres of trade and coinage in Carolingian
times (Turnhout 2010), 83–88.
^ "Native American Mittens & Gloves". NativeTech. Retrieved
Garment Construction". Cs.vassar.edu. Retrieved
^ idiot mittens definition – Dictionary – MSN Encarta.
Encarta.msn.com. Archived from the original on 2010-03-12. Retrieved
^ Mitten for Hunters Leave Gun Fingers Free Popular Mechanics,
December 1930, right colum mid page 977
^ "Baby Scratch Mitts pattern – Crochet 'N' More". Crochetnmore.com.
^ Greatest Movie Series Franchises of All Time: The Batman Films:
^ Dr. Elsa Schneider (Character)
^ BangShowbiz; Duncan, JJ; Bustillo, Deena; Robberson, Joe; Thomas,
Darrick; Wenger, Adam; Newlin, John (June 28, 2010). "Michael
Glove Sells for $190K". Zimbio. Retrieved December
Michael Jackson Jeweled
Glove Sold for $350,000". Funky Downtown.
November 25, 2009. Retrieved December 23, 2012.
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Definitions from Wiktionary
Media from Wikimedia Commons
Quotations from Wikiquote
Glove To The Job", September 1949, Popular Science
This article incorporates text from a publication now in
the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Glove".
Encyclopædia Britannica. 12 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.
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