Giugliano in Campania
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Giugliano in Campania , also known simply as Giugliano, is a city and ''
comune The (; plural: ) is a local administrative division of Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a Northern Italy, continental part, delimited by the ...
'' in the
Metropolitan City of Naples The Metropolitan City of Naples (Italian language, Italian: ''Città metropolitana di Napoli'') is an Metropolitan cities of Italy, Italian Metropolitan City in Campania region, established on January 1, 2015. Its capital city is Naples; within t ...
,
Campania (man), it, Campana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_blank1 = , demographics_type1 = , demographics1_footnotes = , demographics1_title1 = , demographics1_info1 = , demog ...
,
Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a Northern Italy, continental part, delimited by the Alps, a Italian Peninsula, peninsula and List of islands of Italy, se ...

Italy
. , it had some 124,000 inhabitants,Source
Istat The Italian National Institute of Statistics (Italian: ''Istituto Nazionale di Statistica''; Istat) is the main producer of official statistics in Italy. Its activities include the census of population, economic censuses and a number of social, ec ...
2016
making it the most populated Italian city that is not a provincial capital.


History

In 5th-4th century BCE the territory of Giugliano was settled by the
Osci The Osci (also called Oscans, Opici, Opsci, Obsci, Opicans, grc, Ὀπικοί, Ὀσκοί), were an Italic people of Campania it, Campano (man) it, Campana (woman) , population_note = , population_blank1_title = , population_ ...
. According to a tradition, the city was founded by a group of colonists from Cuma in 421 BCE, who called it ''Lilianum'' ("Land of the lilies"). Near " Lake Patria", there was the ancient city of
Liternum Liternum was an ancient town of Campania, southern central Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a Northern Italy, continental part, delimited by the Al ...
. In 194 BC it became a
Roman colony A Roman colonia (plural ''coloniae'') was originally a Roman Empire, Roman outpost established in conquered territory to secure it. Eventually, however, the term came to denote the highest status of a Roman city. It is also the origin of the mode ...
. The town is mainly famous as the residence of the elder Scipio Africanus, who withdrew from Rome and died there. His tomb and villa are described by
Seneca the Younger Lucius Annaeus Seneca the Younger (; AD65), usually known as Seneca, was a Roman Roman or Romans usually refers to: *Rome, the capital city of Italy *Ancient Rome, Roman civilization from 8th century BC to 5th century AD *Roman people, the peop ...
. In 455, the town was pillaged and destroyed by
Genseric Gaiseric ( – 25 January 477), also known as Geiseric or Genseric ( la, Gaisericus, Geisericus; reconstructed Vandalic language, Vandalic: ) was King of the Vandals and Alans (428–477), ruling a Vandal Kingdom, kingdom he established, and was ...

Genseric
and his
Vandals The Vandals were a Germanic people who first inhabited what is now southern Poland Poland ( pl, Polska ), officially the Republic of Poland ( pl, Rzeczpospolita Polska, links=no ), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divid ...
. The surviving population migrated to the present historical center of Giugliano. The city remained a small center until 1207, when Cuma was destroyed by the
Neapolitans
Neapolitans
; some of the citizens from that town, including the clergy and the cathedral capitular, took shelter in Giugliano. The first documents mentioning a fief in Giugliano dates from 1270. Lords of the city were, in sequence, the Vulcano, Filomarino, Pignatelli, D'Aquino, Pinelli and
Colonna Colonna, also known as ''Sciarrillo'' or ''Sciarra'', is an Italian noble family, forming part of the papal nobility. It was powerful in medieval In the history of Europe The history of Europe concerns itself with the discovery and co ...
.


Geography

It is located in a fertile coastal plain north of Naples, thus serving as a market for agricultural products to the city. The plain on which it sits was known in ancient Roman times as the Campania Felix.


Neighboring communes

Giugliano in Campania borders the following municipalities:
Aversa Aversa () is a city A city is a large human settlement.Goodall, B. (1987) ''The Penguin Dictionary of Human Geography''. London: Penguin.Kuper, A. and Kuper, J., eds (1996) ''The Social Science Encyclopedia''. 2nd edition. London: Routledge. ...
, Casapesenna,
Castel Volturno Castel Volturno () is a ''comune The (; plural: ) is a basic Administrative division, constituent entity of Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality. Importance and function The provides many of the basic civil functions: ...
, Lusciano, Melito di Napoli, Mugnano di Napoli, Parete, Pozzuoli, Qualiano, Quarto, San Cipriano d'Aversa, Sant'Antimo, Trentola-Ducenta, Villa Literno and Villaricca.


Main sights

*''Palazzo Pinelli'', built in 1545 by architect Giovanni Francesco di Palma. It had a side tower, which was later demolished. *Church of ''Santa Sofia'' (17th century), designed by Domenico Fontana. It was finished in 1730-1745 by the Neapolitan architect Domenico Antonio Vaccaro. It houses the tomb of Giovan Battista Basile. *Church of the ''Annunziata'', known from the 16th century. It is home to several canvasses by Neapolitan artists such as Massimo Stanzione and Carlo Sellitto. it has a nave with apse and transept; the pulpit is in Roccoco style, while the rest of the interior is decorated in Baroque style. Notable are also the large wooden organ (late 16th century), the Chapel of ''Madonna della Pace'' and early 16th ''Stories of the Virgin' in the left transept. *Church of ''Sant'Anna''. Of the original building, existing in the 14th century, the bell tower remains. It houses 16th-century paintings by Fabrizio Santafede and Pietro Negroni. *Church of ''Madonna delle Grazie'', with a 14th-century bell tower and a 16th-century portal. The interior has a 15th-century Gothic ''Incoronation of the Virgin'' and early 16th-century frescoes. *Church of ''Santa Maria della Purità'' or of ''the Souls of Purgatory''(18th century). It was designed by Domenico Antonio Vaccaro, who also designed the internal stuccos and the covering of the dome, made as fish scales. The structure is an octagonal plant and has four altars, besides the greater one. *Ancient town of ''
Liternum Liternum was an ancient town of Campania, southern central Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a Northern Italy, continental part, delimited by the Al ...
''. The excavations brought to light, between 1930 and 1936, some elements of the city center (Forum (Roman), forum with a temple, a basilica and a small theater) dating from the beginning of the Roman Empire. Outside the city walls, the remains of the amphitheater and the necropolis have been identified. * Lake Patria, in the frazione of the same name, it was called by ancient Roman "Literna Palus". It is part of the Natural Reserve "Foce Volurno - Costa di Licola".


Transportation

Giugliano is served by Naples–Aversa railway, a railway suburban train connection to the Naples Metro. Another station, Giugliano-Qualiano, is located some kilometers outside the city. It is part of the Villa Literno–Napoli Gianturco railway, Villa Literno–Naples line, a branch of the Rome–Formia–Naples railway.


Famous people

* Giovan Battista Basile, poet, courtier, and fairy tale collector * Scipio Africanus, Roman general * Adriana Basile, composer and singer * Raffaele Cantone, magistrate * Nicola Mignogna, politician and a significant contributor of “Risorgimento”


See also

*S.S.C. Giugliano *
Liternum Liternum was an ancient town of Campania, southern central Italy Italy ( it, Italia ), officially the Italian Republic ( it, Repubblica Italiana, links=no ), is a country consisting of a Northern Italy, continental part, delimited by the Al ...
*Licola (Pozzuoli), Licola


References


Bibliography

*


External links


Giugliano official website
* {{DEFAULTSORT:Giugliano In Campania Giugliano in Campania, Cities and towns in Campania 421 BC Populated places established in the 5th century BC Osci Italic archaeological sites 5th-century BC establishments