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GIOVANNI LEONE (Italian pronunciation: ; 3 November 1908 – 9 November 2001) was an Italian politician. He was the 37th Prime Minister of Italy
Italy
from 21 June 1963 to 4 December 1963 and again from 24 June 1968 to 12 December 1968. He also served as the sixth President of the Republic from 1971 to 1978.

CONTENTS

* 1 Early years * 2 Prime minister and Presidency * 3 Death * 4 References

EARLY YEARS

Leone was born in Naples
Naples
from Mauro and Maria Gioffredi, both in Pomigliano d'Arco, his father, Mauro Leone was a prominent lawyer of the Naples
Naples
Bar, and had participated in the founding of the People's Party in Campania.

He graduated in law in 1929 from the prestigious University of Naples Federico II. His father was one of the founders of Democrazia Cristiana in his native city, and he was elected to the Italian Constituent Assembly in 1946. A member of the right wing faction of his party, he was elected to the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Italian Chamber of Deputies
in 1948, being confirmed until 1963. In 1955-1963 he was also President of the Chamber, from which he resigned for a brief stint as Premier.

PRIME MINISTER AND PRESIDENCY

Picture of Giovanni Leone
Giovanni Leone

After having been unofficially several times candidate to the Presidency of the Republic, he was named Life Senator in 1967.

In 1968 he was again Premier for some months. As prime minister, a law was passed in November 1968 that introduced a special benefit for full unemployment (trattamento integrativo di disoccupazione) for workers in the industrial sector, in cases of total or partial closing down of enterprises or large-scale dismissals, equalling two-thirds of previous monthly earnings for 180 days. The law also extended earnings replacement benefits to cases of sectoral crises or industrial restructuring with a new compensation formula equaling 80% of previous earnings for 3 months (9 months in exceptional circumstances), allowed for family allowances to be paid to those in receipt of unemployment benefits.

In 1971 he succeeded Giuseppe Saragat
Giuseppe Saragat
as President of Italy, being elected with votes of a right-centre majority of the Parliament (518 out of 996 votes, including those of the post-fascist Italian Social Movement ).

His political career came to an end in 1978 with his resignation as President of the Italian Republic . This was due to allegations made in the USA over Lockheed bribing a number of high-profile politicians in Italy
Italy
to purchase Hercules Aircraft for the military. Leone and his family were allegedly implicated in the bribery. The accusations were never proved and the most prominent of his accusers was three times convicted for libel.

DEATH

Just a few weeks before his 93rd birthday, following a Decree by the President of the Council of Ministers of 25 September 2001, Giovanni Leone was awarded the title of Emeritus President of the Republic, the dignity of honorary Order of Protocol and since then ex lege to all former heads of State in life.

He died in Rome, on 9th November 2001, at his villa in "The Wrinkles" on the Via Cassia.

On 25th November 2006 the President of the Italian Republic Giorgio Napolitano said that, eight years earlier, the Senate had granted full recognition of the correctness of his actions.

REFERENCES

* ^ Profile of Giovanni Leone * ^ Italian Senate * ^ Growth to Limits: The Western European Welfare States Since World War II Volume 4 edited by Peter Flora * ^ Denis Mack Smith, Modern Italy: A Political History, (London: Yale University Press, 1997) * ^ https://www.nytimes.com/2001/11/10/world/giovanni-leone-italy-s-ex-president-dies-at-93.html * ^ http://archiviostorico.corriere.it/1997/novembre/10/CAMILLA_CEDERNA_Donna_coraggio_co_0_9711105279.shtml

POLITICAL OFFICES

Preceded by Giovanni Gronchi
Giovanni Gronchi
SPEAKER OF THE ITALIAN CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES 1955 – 1963 Succeeded by Brunetto Bucciarelli-Ducci

Preceded by Amintore Fanfani
Amintore Fanfani
PRIME MINISTER OF ITALY 1963 Succeeded by Aldo Moro
Aldo Moro

Preceded by Aldo Moro
Aldo Moro
PRIME MINISTER OF ITALY 1968 Succeeded by Mariano Rumor
Mariano Rumor

Preceded by Giuseppe Saragat
Giuseppe Saragat
PRESIDENT OF THE ITALIAN REPUBLIC 1971 – 1978 Succeeded by Sandro Pertini
Sandro Pertini

ITALIAN CHAMBER OF DEPUTIES

Preceded by None, Parliament re-established Member of Parliament for Naples
Naples
Legislatures: CA, I, II, III, IV 1946 – 1967 Succeeded by Title jointly held

ITALIAN SENATE

Preceded by Title jointly held Lifetime Italian Senator Legislatures: IV, V, VII, VIII, IX, X, XI, XII, XIII, XIV 1967 – 1971 1978 – 2001 Succeeded by Title jointly held

GIOVANNI LEONE

* v * t * e

Presidents of Italy
Italy
(List )

* Enrico De Nicola
Enrico De Nicola
* Luigi Einaudi
Luigi Einaudi
* Giovanni Gronchi
Giovanni Gronchi
* Antonio Segni * Giuseppe Saragat
Giuseppe Saragat
* Giovanni Leone * Sandro Pertini
Sandro Pertini
* Francesco Cossiga * Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
Oscar Luigi Scalfaro
* Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
Carlo Azeglio Ciampi
* Giorgio Napolitano
Giorgio Napolitano
* Sergio Mattarella

* v * t * e

Prime Ministers of Italy
Italy

KINGDOM OF ITALY

* Cavour * Ricasoli * Rattazzi * Farini * Minghetti * La Marmora * Ricasoli * Rattazzi * Menabrea * Lanza * Minghetti * Depretis * Cairoli * Depretis * Cairoli * Depretis * Crispi * Starabba * Giolitti * Crispi * Starabba * Pelloux * Saracco * Zanardelli * Giolitti * Tittoni * Fortis * Sonnino * Giolitti * Sonnino * Luzzatti * Giolitti * Salandra * Boselli * Orlando * Nitti * Giolitti * Bonomi * Facta * Mussolini * Badoglio * Bonomi * Parri * De Gasperi

ITALIAN REPUBLIC

* De Gasperi * Pella * Fanfani * Scelba * Segni * Zoli * Fanfani * Segni * Tambroni * Fanfani * Leone * Moro * Leone * Rumor * Colombo * Andreotti * Rumor * Moro * Andreotti * Cossiga * Forlani * Spadolini * Fanfani * Craxi * Fanfani * Goria * De Mita * Andreotti * Amato * Ciampi * Berlusconi * Dini * Prodi * D\'Alema * Amato * Berlusconi * Prodi * Berlusconi * Monti * Letta * Renzi * Gentiloni

* v * t * e

Presidents of the Italian Chamber of Deputies
Italian Chamber of Deputies

KINGDOM OF SARDINIA

* Gioberti * Pareto * Pinelli * Rattazzi * Bon Compagni * Cadorna * Bon Compagni * Rattazzi * Lanza

KINGDOM OF ITALY

* Rattazzi * Tecchio * Cassinis * Mari * Lanza * Brancheri * Crispi * Cairoli * Farini * Coppino * Farini * Coppino * Branchieri * Zanardelli * Branchieri * Villa * Zanardelli * Branchieri * Zanardelli * Chinaglia * Colombo * Gallo * Villa * Branchieri * Marcora * Branchieri * Marcora * Orlando * De Nicola * Rocco * Casertano * Giurati * Ciano * Grandi * Orlando (de jure ) * Sforza (N.C. )

ITALIAN REPUBLIC

* Saragat (C.A. ) * Terracini (C.A. ) * Gronchi * Leone * Bucciarelli-Ducci * Pertini * Ingrao * Iotti * Scalfaro * Napolitano * Pivetti * Violante * Casini * Bertinotti * Fini * Boldrini

AUTHORITY CONTROL

* WorldCat Identities * VIAF : 100200413 * LCCN : n94041525 * ISNI : 0000 0001 1031 7157 * GND : 128564512 * SUDOC : 128209968 * BNF : cb12183664w (data) * ICCU : ITICCUCFIV529 * IATH

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