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Gerald Paul Joseph Cajetan Carmel Antony Martin Strickland, 6th Count della Catena, 1st Baron Strickland, GCMG (24 May 1861 – 22 August 1940) was a Maltese and British politician and peer, who served as Prime Minister of Malta, Governor of the Leeward Islands, Governor of Tasmania, Governor of Western Australia
Governor of Western Australia
and Governor of New South Wales, in addition to sitting successively in the House of Commons and House of Lords
House of Lords
in the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

Contents

1 Early life 2 Political career 3 Personal life 4 Titles, styles and honours

4.1 Titles 4.2 Honours 4.3 References 4.4 Bibliography

5 External links

Early life[edit] Strickland was born in Valletta, the son of naval officer Commander Walter Strickland, from the ancient English Strickland family of Sizergh, and Maria Aloysia Bonici-Mompalao, the niece and heiress of Sir Nicholas Sceberras Bologna, fifth Count della Catena in Malta, whom Gerald succeeded in 1875. He was educated at St Mary's College, Oscott, and Trinity College, Cambridge
Trinity College, Cambridge
(BA, LLB).[1] Upon graduating, he was admitted to Inner Temple
Inner Temple
in 1887 entitled to practice as a Barrister-at-Law. He gained the rank of Major in the service of the Royal Malta
Malta
Militia. Elected in 1886 to the council of the government of Malta, Strickland began to take an active part in Maltese politics at an early age and in December 1887, he accompanied Dr. Fortunato Mizzi
Fortunato Mizzi
– founder of the Maltese Nationalist Party – to the first Colonial Conference in London to submit a scheme for a legislative assembly. The result was that the new Maltese Constitution of December 1887 was largely based on the joint Strickland-Mizzi proposals. In the following year, he was appointed as Assistant Secretary to Malta
Malta
in 1888 and held the office of Chief Secretary of Malta
Malta
in 1889, a post which he held till July 1902 when to avert more trouble in Malta
Malta
which were created by his orders in councils to increase taxation, he was appointed as Governor of the Leeward Islands in the Caribbean (1902 to 1904).[2] He was then appointed as Governor of Tasmania
Governor of Tasmania
(1904 to 1909) and Governor of Western Australia (1909 to 1913). In the early years consequent upon Australian Federation
Australian Federation
he was involved in the delicate matter of State rights and the developing nature of the appointment, role and salaries of governors. Appointed as Governor of New South Wales
Governor of New South Wales
in March 1913, on 30 May 1913 he was made a Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George (GCMG).[3] He was a supporter of the Eugenics Education Society.[4] Political career[edit] In 1917, Strickland returned to Malta
Malta
and, after the grant of Self-Government, formed the Anglo-Maltese Party in 1921, which soon afterward amalgamated with the Maltese Constitutional Party to become the Constitutional Party under his leadership. Strickland was the leader of the Opposition between 1921 and 1927. In 1924, he won the seat of Lancaster for the Conservatives in the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
House of Commons. He left the House of Commons in 1928 upon being made a peer.[5] After the 1927 election, Strickland had a majority in the Legislative Assembly and became Head of the Ministry (the fourth Prime Minister of Malta) from August 1927 until 1932.[6] Amongst the most important events of his government were the commencement of building works for St. Luke's Hospital in Gwardamanġia
Gwardamanġia
and his clash with the Senate, which led to the issue of Letters Patent
Letters Patent
which curtailed its powers and his concurrent clash with the ecclesiastical authorities. On 1 May 1930, Archbishop Mauro Caruana
Mauro Caruana
and Gozo bishop Mikiel Gonzi
Mikiel Gonzi
issued a pastoral letter, read in all the churches of Malta
Malta
and Gozo. In it they declared that whoever voted for the Constitutional Party and its former coalition partner, the Labour Party, committed a mortal sin. That year he narrowly avoided assassination.[7] This mortal sin was also committed by those who read Strickland's newspapers, printed by his Progress Press, namely the Daily Malta Chronicle and Ix-Xemx. He subsequently began publishing Il-Progress and Il-Berqa. The clash between the Catholic bishops and the Constitutional Party led to the suspension of the Maltese Constitution following consultations between the British Governor and London. Between July 1932 and November 1933, Strickland was again the leader of the Opposition, and after the grant of a new Constitution in 1939, he became the leader of the elected majority in the Council of Government. Personal life[edit] Strickland married Lady Edeline Sackville-West (1870–1918), the daughter of the 7th Earl De La Warr and the Honourable Constance Mary Elizabeth Cochrane-Wishart-Baillie, on 26 August 1890. They had six daughters, and two sons who died at an early age. Their first daughter married Henry Hornyold, became known as Mrs Hornyold-Strickland and chaired the Conservative Party Conference in 1947.[8] They had the following children:

Reginald Strickland (1892–1893) Hon. Mary Christina Strickland (1896–1970) Hon. Cecilia Victoria Strickland (1897–1982) Hon. Mabel Edeline Strickland OBE (1899–1988) Margaret Angela Strickland (1900–1901) Hon. Henrietta May Strickland (1903–1975) Walter Strickland (1901–1902) Hon. Dr. Constance Teresa Strickland LMSSA (1912–1979)

On 31 August 1926, following the death of Lady Edeline in 1918, Strickland married Margaret Hulton, daughter of the newspaper proprietor Edward Hulton in the same church as his earlier wedding. She was made a Dame of the Order of the British Empire (DBE) in the 1937 Coronation Honours.[7] Strickland was appointed a Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Order of St Michael and St George
(CMG) in 1889, for rendering invaluable services during a severe cholera epidemic. He was promoted within the order to KCMG in 1897. He was raised to the Peerage of the United Kingdom
United Kingdom
as Baron Strickland, of Sizergh Castle
Sizergh Castle
in the County of Westmorland, on 19 January 1928.[9] He died at Villa Bologna, his residence in Attard, and is buried in the family crypt at St. Paul's Cathedral, Mdina. Titles, styles and honours[edit]

Viceregal styles of Sir Gerald Strickland

Reference style His Excellency

Spoken style Your Excellency

Alternative style Sir

Titles[edit]

24 May 1861 – 1878: Gerald Strickland, Esq. 1878–1889: Gerald Strickland, Count della Catena 1889–1897: Gerald Strickland CMG, Count della Catena 1897–1902: Sir Gerald Strickland KCMG, Count della Catena 1902–1904: His Excellency Sir Gerald Strickland KCMG, Count della Catena, Governor of the Leeward Islands 1904–1909: His Excellency Sir Gerald Strickland KCMG, Count della Catena, Governor of Tasmania 1909–1913: His Excellency Sir Gerald Strickland KCMG, Count della Catena, Governor of Western Australia 1913–1913: His Excellency Sir Gerald Strickland KCMG, Count della Catena, Governor of New South Wales 1913–1916: His Excellency Sir Gerald Strickland GCMG, Count della Catena, Governor of New South Wales 1916–1921: Sir Gerald Strickland GCMG, Count della Catena 1921–1924: Sir Gerald Strickland GCMG MLA, Count della Catena, Leader of the Opposition of Malta 1924–1927: Sir Gerald Strickland GCMG MLA MP, Count della Catena, Leader of the Opposition of Malta 1927–1928:The Honourable Sir Gerald Strickland GCMG MLA MP, Count della Catena, Prime Minister of Malta 1928–1932: The Right Honourable The Lord Strickland GCMG MLA, Count della Catena, Prime Minister of Malta 1932–1933: The Right Honourable The Lord Strickland GCMG MLA, Count della Catena, Leader of the Opposition of Malta 1933–1940: The Right Honourable The Lord Strickland GCMG, Count della Catena

Honours[edit]

Knight Grand Cross of the Order of St Michael and St George
Order of St Michael and St George
(GCMG) 1913

Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George
Order of St Michael and St George
(KCMG) 1897

Companion of the Order of St Michael and St George
Order of St Michael and St George
(CMG) 1889

King George V
George V
Coronation Medal 1911

King George V
George V
Silver Jubilee Medal 1935

References[edit]

^ "Strickland (or Bologna-Strickland), Gerald Bologna, Count (STRT884C)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.  ^ "No. 27457". The London Gazette. 25 July 1902. p. 4739.  ^ "No. 28724". The London Gazette. 30 May 1913. p. 3905.  ^ The Sydney Morning Herald, 24th February, 1914 ^ Strickland, Sir Gerald (1861–1940) Retrieved on 14 Feb 2018 ^ https://www.um.edu.mt/__data/assets/pdf_file/0011/269903/JMH-2015KaulCHandrikarevised21Nov.pdf Retrieved on 14 Feb 2018 ^ a b Walsh, G. P. (1990). "Strickland, Sir Gerald (1861–1940)". Australian Dictionary of Biography. 12. Canberra: Australian National University.  ^ National Union of Conservative and Unionist Associations, 72 Annual Conference ^ "No. 33349". The London Gazette. 20 January 1928. p. 438. 

Bibliography[edit]

Montalto, J., The Nobles of Malta-1530–1800, Midsea Books Ltd, Malta, 1980. Burkes Peerage, Baronetage and Knightage of the UK (106th ed.) (London 2002). Giles Ash, S., "The Nobility of Malta", Publishers Enterprises Group (PEG Ltd 1988). Koster, A., Prelates and politicians in Malta, (Amsterdam University 1977). Carnwath, Joan (2004). "Strickland, Gerald Paul Joseph Cajetan Carmel Antony Martin, Baron Strickland
Baron Strickland
(1861–1940)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/36350.  access-date= requires url= (help) (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)

External links[edit]

Wikimedia Commons has media related to Gerald Strickland, 1st Baron Strickland.

Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Gerald Strickland

Government offices

Preceded by Sir Walter Hely-Hutchinson Chief Secretary of Malta 1889–1902 Succeeded by Sir Edward Merewether

Preceded by Sir Henry Jackson Governor of the Leeward Islands 1902–1904 Succeeded by Sir Courtenay Knollys

Preceded by Sir Arthur Havelock Governor of Tasmania 1904–1909 Succeeded by Sir Harry Barron

Preceded by Sir Frederick Bedford Governor of Western Australia 1909–1913 Succeeded by Sir Harry Barron

Preceded by The Lord Chelmsford Governor of New South Wales 1913–1917 Succeeded by Sir Walter Davidson

Party political offices

New political party Leader of the Constitutional Party 1921–1940 Succeeded by Robert V. Galea

Political offices

New office Leader of the Opposition of Malta 1921–1927 Succeeded by Ugo Pasquale Mifsud

Preceded by Ugo Pasquale Mifsud Prime Minister of Malta 1927–1932 Succeeded by Ugo Pasquale Mifsud

Preceded by Ugo Pasquale Mifsud Leader of the Opposition of Malta 1932–1933 Vacant Constitution suspended Title next held by Enrico Mizzi

Parliament of the United Kingdom

Preceded by John Joseph O'Neill Member of Parliament for Lancaster 1924–1928 Succeeded by Robert Parkinson Tomlinson

Titles of nobility

Preceded by Nicola Sceberras Bologna Count of Catena 1875–1940 Succeeded by Thomas Hornyold-Strickland

Peerage of the United Kingdom

New creation Baron Strickland 1928–1940 Extinct

v t e

Governors of New South Wales

Before Federation

Phillip Hunter King Bligh Macquarie Brisbane Darling Bourke Gipps FitzRoy Denison Young Belmore Robinson Loftus Carrington Jersey Duff Hampden Beauchamp

After Federation

Rawson Chelmsford Strickland Davidson de Chair Game Gowrie Anderson Wakehurst Northcott Woodward Cutler Rowland Martin Sinclair Samuels Bashir Hurley

v t e

Governors of Western Australia

Before Federation

Stirling Hutt Clarke Irwin Fitzgerald Kennedy Hampton Pine Weld Robinson Ord Robinson Broome Robinson Smith

After Federation

Lawley Bedford Strickland Barron Ellison-Macartney Newdegate Campion Mitchell Gairdner Kendrew Edwards Kyle Trowbridge Reid Burt Jeffery J. Sanderson Michael McCusker K. Sanderson Beazley (designate)

v t e

Governors of Tasmania

Before Federation

Young Browne Du Cane Weld Strahan Hamilton Viscount Gormanston

After Federation

Havelock Lord Strickland Barron Ellison-Macartney Newdegate O'Grady Allardyce Clark Binney Cross Lord Rowallan Gairdner Bastyan Burbury Plimsoll Bennett Green Butler Cox Underwood Warner

v t e

Prime Ministers of Malta

Joseph Howard Francesco Buhagiar Ugo Pasquale Mifsud Gerald Strickland Ugo Pasquale Mifsud office abolished, 1933-1947 Paul Boffa Enrico Mizzi George Borg Olivier Dom Mintoff office abolished, 1958-1962 George Borg Olivier Dom Mintoff Karmenu Mifsud Bonnici Eddie Fenech Adami Alfred Sant Eddie Fenech Adami Lawrence Gonzi Joseph Muscat

Authority control

WorldCat Identities VIAF: 77717613 LCCN: n84115250 ISNI: 0000 0000 2575 2541 SUDOC: 179824317 BNF: cb119697695 (da

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